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book eisenhower 1956 about the days before the 1956 presidential election. in three hours we are back with more of the 2011 roosevelt rating festival. mario dinunzio with fdr's new deal legislation. after that susan dunn discusses prison roosevelt evers to change the democratic party. in about five hours from now greg robinson presents his book, the tragedy of democracy, japanese confinement in north america. that is followed by the final event of the day, discussion between pulitzer prize-winning presidential biographer james macgregor burns and presidential historian michael beschloss and susan dunn. that is all from the 2011 roosevelt rating festival. and now todd moye on his book, "freedom flyer" roosevelt, eisenhower and the american century.th .. >> hello. i am the museum curator at the
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franklin roosevelt presidential library and museum. wait a second. i would like to welcome you to the eighth annual roosevelt reading festival. i would like to welcome c-span's booktv which is broadcasting this program this morning. franklin roosevelt planned for the roosevelt library to become the premier research institution for studying the entire roosevelt era. the research room is consistently one of the busiest of all the presidential libraries and this year's group of others reflects a wide variety of research done here. we are delighted to highlight these others's works at botox for route the year, especially at this hour annual meeting festival. let me quickly go over the format for the festival's current sessions. at the top of each hour a session begins with a 30 minute author talk followed by a ten
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minute question and answer period and authors move on to the tables in the library where you can purchase your books and have the author's son them. of the top of the next hour the process repeats itself. now is my pleasure to introduce todd moye who is sitting to my right. todd moye has been associate professor of history of the university of north texas and director of that university's history program. todd moye will be speaking today about his new book "freedom flyer: the tuskegee airmen of world war ii". a narrative history of the most significant civil-rights struggle of the world ii e >> in addition to numerous scholarly articles and op-edhere graduate from university ofar
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north carolina chapel hill where he earned his ph.d. -- ph.d. degree he directed the park service tuskegee airmen project through 2005. 00 welcomen me tok es professor at todd moye to the roosevelt reading festival. [applause] >> thank you very much.ch i need to look for more reasons to travel from texas intol the hudson valley in the middle of the summer. it is a great place to bee b and to come back to the fdr library. it began as the oral historyl project 2000 through 2005 if i was one of five historians who worked for the national park service developing avi new site in tuskegee alabama
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where they learn to fly. the national park service dedicated a significant amount of money to interviewing the surviving kour men so we could wor the oral history into museum programs, find information and that the architects needed as they have structures at the national historic site and it would create a repository of history for the point* in the future where there would not the tuskegeewh airmen left to tell americans what thet experience was about. we recorded over 800 oral history interviews that formed the core of the book is a narrativee history and
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with the book just try to explain who and what we are responsible for and the remarkable changes that african americans a particular and american society as a whole winter during the world war 2.using the airmen as a case example. trying towo explain who was responsible for the change what it was like to ride the change i hope i have been able to accomplish that in the book. i'd like to begin by giving you a sense of the army airha corps from 1940 became the40 army air force surely afterame the war it became the united states air force. what it was like for african americans as the unitedwa states was on the eve of war.ri going back, the rest of theac world was at war and japan had invaded china and
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germany w had invaded poland united states had not entered the war but it was a world war. franklin roosevelt knew the united states was headed for involvement and led the nation along kicking and a screaming. the army air corps was all white any positions at other buyers were cooks our security personnel.the should generals in charge like it that way. they had come up from world war i when obviously thear army air corps was all white. that was the world they knew. they expected it to stay that waykn. they had no plans to include african-americans in theirway branch of service. they have some researchey h backing them up.st
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the were college commissioned a study with the use of negro manpower that was meant to study how african-americans have performed in world war i and to use the research and the planning for the next war. it was created 1925 by a form the basis of armyf ar policy as late as 1939li at/1940.cyas the began under the terms of the constitution the negro has rights of citizenship that he must bear his fairid share of the waren. and the negro is physically con qualified for combat dutyu but then negro is profoundly superstitious. by nature subservient believes himself to be inferior to the white. he is trust of all and jolly and zero lawsuits -- lively and domicile by nature and harsh treatment he may become selling and isn susceptible to the influence
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of crowd psychology it is such we could not draw leadership material from his race and he doesn't have confidence in his own leaders and it would be impossibility did put his leaders over whites. he does not have a physical courage of the white he cannot control himself to the degree that the white can. the negro growing sense of importance will make themer more of a problem and racial troubles would be expected to increase. thatan was still the state of t the art of the way generals and army air corps thought of african-americans hong as late as 1940.forw just after the war, one of the first of these that came out of the army air force staff college was written by a man named parish to is that the tuskegee air field during the war. he was chosen for the air
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command college to train up and coming officers to be generals and leaders and they had to take glasses and write a thesis and entitles it the segregation of negros serving ind by the administration of units there is a routine warner consistent policye, because itst is in itself contradictory. racial segregation in the had to end notegre because it was immoral, but because it was wasteful and impossible to implement logically. that is a remarkably fast and substantial change 19431946 for a service that treats african-americans asat t a subspecies of the human family languished -- language from
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the report to someone who is about to become a general calling for the desegregation of the force on the basis of efficiency not to mention morality. that swings in a span of six because of the tuskegee airmen. of course, for those of you who don't know where the first military pilots of color in the united states. the there's was a program, there were 15,000 a african-americans and a smallaf number of whites who were involved in the program to train the pilots and alabama. 996 pilates graduated from the program, 500 served overseas during the war. the remainder were stationed here in the united states units and did not make it over for combat
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or trained as a bomber crew and the 477p third group all tuskegee's trained and never made it overseas because they fought civil rights period here at home. it is one of the most important parts of the story. but the program almost didn't happen. the generals did not wanted to have been our have african-americans forced onha them.di went along kicking and screaming. the naacp who leader who washi the most important from a labor union the president of historical a black colleges from black newspapers formed a coalition in the late 1930's two push for african-american inclusion and saw this as the tip of the iceberg to force the t
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federal government to create great opportunities for african-americans giving them a chance to prove patriotism and competencies' of they could use that to further civil-rights goals after the war. they weren't able to force rose about to create the program in 1940. the naacp have been calling for this since the least 1937. every year they pass a resolution that the army air corps in particular all branchesco because this was considered the cream of the crop the most technologicallyid advanced, if you think to what pilots look like with a leather jackets and scars ander goggles, the masculine ideal of the day.ever everybody wanted to be a military pilot and i have been told the zero women in college had pinups of pilots
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like spellman college you think of men having been ups but i have been told wives they had pinups as well. everyone wanted to be a military pilot and they couldy prove that they belong to their the that would lead to greater changes and a symbolic victory leading to morec substantive victories. they have been pushing for this but finally forced their way out and 1940. roosevelt was pushed into arand corner to do this.o as was oftenth the case he wase reactive rather than proactive.
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he had a black newspapers editorialized thing and those lobbying about this and african-americans around the country writing his wife eleanor roosevelt and she would lobby for this. the war department andro alsort the backme rooms of the white house convincing franklin ithi was the right thing to do. that is that why he did it. because it was expedient and he needed black votes for the 40 election. he went to willkie's who had done more may be banned any republican nominee since abraham lincoln and to make the republican party the party that was most favorable toward america and it stays african-american events.nger thinking that those who may have voted democrat may
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switch back to the republicans. his advisers were worried. there was some embarrassment in the 40 campaign the mossad and most significant was stephen early, his press secretary run in with tenure city police officer. fdr was campaigning at madison square garden andy' the press secretary ison considered the first modernnsid press secretary trying to give her a police line in the african american police officer would not let him through and he got into a wrestling match that ended with early sticking hisng knee into the policeman's growing. the black newspapers cover this not favorably. that is one of the resents rose about had to do something to appease the black interest if you look at it that way.blac one of the most interestingg r moments i had and with the
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archives was a memorandum from james h. roker was the most trusted political advisor for a he devised a plan to win the black votes to see that african american and was appointed to the draft board than national institution to oversee thehe draft to see that rose aboutas g promoted a black colonel to general in the unitedt states army who became the first african-american general and announce rose about was creating the flight training program for african americans in tuskegee alabama.fr i found the memo where he figured out when the pressig deadline would be for the weekly black newspapers on the last day before the 1940 election in.eric
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and he read least the press announcement that roosevelt was doing these things for african americans hours before the deadline city guaranteed the top headline on every weekly black newspaper in the united states on the day of the election would be rose about creates programs for blacks and promotes first black teneral.th very s too politically.th the moral reasons? there are political reasons.th you don't have to be too much of the senate to think o he did it more for political reasons than anything else. but he did create the program that created divisions within the african-american community. naacp lobbied all along for the creation of integrated flight training. it is easy to get african-americans into flight training. just let the men to existing programs. the war department or the
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air corps was not willing to do that and general marshall chairman of joint chiefs of staff's had a spokes man who said the army is not a sociological laboratory. the rest of the united states is segregated every other institution is, why should we solve a problem nobody else could solve?aty has long as the military had civilian leaders.at and the naacp pushing for this and they were at unwilling to accept half of the loaf of and a training program but several black newspapers thought it wass wo worth it and a step along the way to get us there. the tuskegee institute became the hub for black
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aviation and had been fishing for this and convince the war department to create the program there. they wanted that to happen and it was good for their community and students' and graduates. but that was the divide between the naacp and the tuskegee institute.an and where did you e. b. du bois rate argues against the b pragmatic against booker t.nd washington much moreuch idealistic washington and is much more pragmatic it is a debate they have been having over 30 years at this point*. the program wa fs created andut african americans wither continue in 1940 and theafri
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site a a public service has says a primary flight training facility to be managed by the tuskegee institute and civilian instructors teaching african americans to fly for the first time. using federal dollars and the fact they had forced the federal government into this force them to tolath decide to give greater opportunities lead to greater changes down the road so the pragmaticsens side was right. once cadets graduated commended fans to the tuskegee air field where they were taught to fly the army way. the right way and the wrong way and the army way. they taught them how to fly then to be combat pilotsll l
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added to the airfield or taf which became a small black a city. 10,000 people working there at any given time. of a the highest cadre of officers were white. everybody else was african-american made to the trains run on time and wic proving they could do theunct job. the argument all along from the pragmatic side was ifum given the chance to prove we we can do the job we will have to do the job and the country will have to change as as result.resu roughly 500 of the pilots that a graduated went to serve overseas. most famously is they flew fighter escorts for the american bombing missions into central europe againstrt the axis powers. fop at the very end of the war, there was at a press story that was quoted by the army air force that the
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3,302nd fighter group made entirely of african american pilots had never lost a bomber under their protection. it is not sure it is a mythology but when historian at the air force historical research agency in alabama has proven conclusivelyre use of the documents in their pro collection and that there were some bombers lost while the tuskegee flew escorts. that has been an argument that has played out over the last couple years and one at-large the misses thers point*. they have proved they could do as well or better as any other pilots and that ought to be enough. they did that two and have the record it was impossible to ignore the record when people like perish the white
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liberal half's to give credit to texas liberals because there are so few of us. [laughter] coming out of the war to use the experience to prove conclusively using evidence, not ideas about african-americans but they can fly airplanes as well as anybody else to staff the structures as well or run the air baseat as well as anybody else. it is completely counterproductive to separate them from everybody else. that leaves and the air force which is newly created as a military institution to become the first to desegregate. when that happens come on paper, in reality it takes much longer for all of the military forces to desegregate and the pressure is always on it is not on a
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wide spot on blacks to prove themselves and three prove themselves but at the forefront because of the example that was set. when it desegregates the only other institutions and was major league baseball and at that point* i believe there were threee ar african-americans playing major league baseball. jackie robinson and and maybe roy campanella. and i would argue, i am a baseball fan but the airi wo force is a little more important as a national institution more than major-league baseball. [laughter]stit coming out of the war they have forced them souls through lobbying campaigns int threatening to march on washington and force themselves and and has given the opportunity prove they
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can do it and force the government over to the side of desegregation even before we think of the civil-rights movement has beginning with the direct boycott the newcomer a and they have been forced to take a side and they take the side of desegregation. it takes years to play itself out but that is whatu comes from this experience. >> if you indulge me i would like to read a short excerpt from the book from one of the oral histories from a private named horace froms an atlanta and i got to know pretty well when working for the oral history project and considered to be a friend before he passed away.
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i like to tell the story through the words of the tuskegee airmen themselves. and this gets at the seams of what this meant for the men who were a part of it and put it meant for the united states as a whole. >>r u requiring no introduction to jim crow.whion 10 of 10 children born into four circumstances knew all about racial segregation and an equal treatment long before he became of page. you don't go that way because that was wiped all the and you were supposed to be reserved over here. that is the way we came up. but we had to learn to live with their. my mother got us to understand you could do well despite the loss and theyn could survive even if not thrive if they follow heard vice and you do right.
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of the family suffered terribly in the great depression said he got the first job at eight years old. his favor a sign it was a helper on a laundry truck because they make pickups and deliveries at the atlanta airport. when he got there there were pilots talking. you could not touch the airplanes but you were in the audience listening to them talk. the truck's driverisk called him a cracker filled up witha all of the things his father had toted -- told him and try to talk the boycott ofim what was becoming his life dream. i know you like the stuff you're wasting your time.are there is no chance in the world you could ever worke in around them or be one of the pilots. i didn't argue with him but i wish i could see the samee man he said.id he didn't mean to ben destructive and thought hesc
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washo doing me a favor. i never quit dreaming. he worked his way through washington high school and studied at lincoln university in pennsylvania. when abraham lincoln started a program to train pilots he went to say at -- sign up. there is something new every day. something youe didn't know about flying. he dropped out of college after his junior year and return home to earn money. of friend let him know about taf the military base under construction the institute training pilots for a number of years had just opened a field of primary flight daysry under contract now the war department was building taf from scratch.s the ad of building the air base and trained him.
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he found a job as a carpenter's apprentice then he learned of a program to train black instructor pilots. use the skills from pilot training to pass the entrance exam and began a training course. when the program was interrupted he found driving the very wayamexfong again who k and forth and later hired as the timekeeper in the control tower tabulating flight times. march 1943 and able to save enough money he quit his job at the field and went back to amended to drive a cab then saved enoughat money to resume studies and back in pennsylvania. then he found he was draftede into the army and went back to fordt benning turgid and applied for transfer and accepted into the flying corps for basic training andac made his way back to
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tuskegee. and although surprised the took to materialize because in his words in the army air corps you got to know millions of people who had dreams and desires. he chairs the camaraderie of those he met like one who s father was president and astro and it one whose first s o become ae distinguished attorney and federal judge and one fam a hulu manage the prosperous blacka businesses in the country in north carolina press the outset they only accepted could it who had completed two years ofed college so the program drewli from the black tv to. it was said there were the most talented group of african-american men ever brought together in one place. 60 years later he couldd still reside the verse he was forced to memorize as a
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hazing ritual prayer but the upperclassmen ask what time is that he had to stand at attention and to say remembering word for word, sir the inner workings and hidden mechanisms of my a man chronometer are in such discord with the movement buy-outs himont i cannot with any degree of accuracy give you the correct time. however without fear being too long or four by would say it is 58 minutes 22 seconds two ticks pass the talk of four. sir. it we had a good time. and then to receive hise wings as an officer one of the proudest ofwi his life to show his family around taf act as the game was a black sergeant anchor perot and the whole military was black. as he drives up through there they find other men doing the work except for the top cadres of officers were black and it was cleane
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and orderly. i wish you could have seen him. his family was impressed with the best they came after the war ended when he was an officer with the fighter group stationed in kentucky. office a private zoo needed to log a certain number of hours per month could fly almost anywhere they wanted on weekends provided aircraft was available. when the time came up of course, i wanted to fly and took offpre. lynn he radioed hid location and announced to the tower the intent to land the site controller ast for a fighter call-up it would require him to fly at low altitude to pull up the propeller fighter plane into a straight vertical climbli and a loop around and line. this is regular duty fourthra fighter pilot a guarantee for a throw up the civilian airplane.
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use of what is minimum altitude? my grass needs cutting. according to him he went full speed 3 feet off the ground and pulled aircraft strayed into the air and reaching the top of the loopy engaged the landing gear and cut the engine the airplane descended into a perfect landing. he said if you do it just right you don't have to give a gas and that is the best i did. some of the boys who were just asd crazy were cheering and cheering and cheering progress figure they might not recognize me because the helmet covers the face and all you can see is the goggles and the helmet. i took that, and a goggles often raised of the sea tohe s see their risen african-american flying. that was the latest model and it was pretty.br all the way of the taxi way they were cheering. especially the black boys.
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>> i hope that gives you an t sense of i have tried to accomplish with the book. it is a triumphant story but not entirely too rampant with history. , there is much for americans to be ashamed about and much to be proud about as well. i hope i have given that a sense to my readers. i will be happy to entertain any questions you may have. >> from the university of pittsburgh, we worked and pittsburgh to have a tuskegee airmen documentary with a grand opening and the
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surviving heir men who were alumni came and one thing we were told is there is a larger than normal amount of african-americans who didn't like the area. there was a story about eleanor roosevelt where there was an actual black pilots e she agreed to go upd with him and everybody said don't do it. and realize they were capable of being fighters. is thatin true? what can you tellue us about the western pennsylvaniaenns area? >> the second part first. the gist of the story ision. true but a mythology has grown up around it. mrs. rose about was in tuskegee 1939 or 40. which was a board meeting
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and on the board of directors doing a lot the charity work building schools for african-american children. she was there and was at tuskegee several times because of her interest in the infantile paralysis research going on there but people don't remember that they had to do the research at tuskegee because they did not allow blackspato have warm springs. she knew about the great work dr. carver was doing and when she got there she did hear about the training program the tuskegee institute had going on for civilian students. the chief instructor pilotscoul less asked if he could take care for a plane ride there was era pitcher of them the
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along with louis checks and and she roche a couple of columns about it. and it provided very important and publicity for the project and momentum but it must have been 1940 because the war department had already selected tuskegee as the site for the training facility. the mythology that has grown up around this that she was solely responsible for this and flew with the pilot and told franklin about it and he created the program is the mythology that doesn'the quite live up to the fact but no question it is an important moment in thert story. but about western pennsylvania, i don't know nor does the amounts of pilot cadets who came from the area, but i can tell you that west virginia statere college is another historic black college that had
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civilian training facility and several people from that area went to west virginia state to learn to fly even before the air corps had opened it to others. there is the central focus to bring people and from the area. >> and the pittsburgh courier is considered the first among equals with the black newspapers calling for greater opportunities for african-americans in the armed forces and reversed to use thehe term double victory. they're fighting for the doublete victory over fascism abroad and jim crow at home. they pitch so much legislation for them to have them in the forces the a package was known as and courier dose so that was up
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the forefront of this and the chicago defender may say it was doing even better work but i will let them argue that among themselves but the carrier assumed quite a place. and the chicago defender was doing fat to train pilots in chicago that was another center of black aviation in the late fortiesraas.s >> i am from hyde park. as the war ended in europe was there any plans or any airmen asked to have planning and the pacific with the war there? >> it is a great question in.pa the 477 bombardment group for a card three of thosewa who have trained it wasbomb created 1943 well into the
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war after the fighter training program have established itself and the 477 was training for service in the pacific but it moves from base to base throughout the war because the officers refused to be segregated. were department regulations say you cannot segregate officers' quarters or clubs on base and they were stationed at a base for theff commanding officer tried to convey -- great one club for whites and blacks. north texas and south texas and kentucky and indiana were shifted because they complain answer appears aside they are too much trouble and untrained ago. by 1945, faber in indiana
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and once again the commanding officer in this case created one officers' club that the designated for supervisors all of them are wide to and trainees all who were black although members of the officer corps were returned combat veterans and they had come back to train the bomber units. they had risked their lives and came back to free man field which emphasizes segregation is a national problem, not a southern problem. and segregated enough, 104 of them refused and physically tried to enter one had been offered the white officers club but notoffi all 104 did that. several dozen did that and
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three of them were arrested. 104 of them refuse to sign a letter to say i agree with the policy. i agreed to be segregated and three of them were court-martialed. the others have the marks on the record for their entire career. so then they were shifted again transferred to kentucky. they would has been trade up and -- trained and ready to go as was the plan all along in 1945 if not for the other extracurricular san have been refused to go along, one of the remarkable stories that comes out of the entire tuskegee airmen experience. people were engaged ine in sit-ins' 1945 we think of that in the sixties but they did that with the naacp chapters writing letters to
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the war department demanding that is stop and writing letters to ms. since roosevelt. the commanding officer at freeman field his boss was general hunter. he always felt he was under attack by african-americans and hated it. he explain the chain of command in the air force, general arnold got his from general marshall he got his from the secretary and he got his from mrs. roosevelt. these people hate the civilian pressure coming down on their heads forcing them to desegregate but had it not been for this they would have served in the pacific. a long answer to your short question. >>ur is that in your book? >> absolutely. >> we are a lot of time. [applause]
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>> thank you very much. [inaudible conversations] >> todd moye, associate history professor of the university of north texas and his book "freedom flyer: the tuskegee airmen of world war ii". coming up in 15 minutes philip terzian will discuss his latest publication "architects of power: roosevelt, eisenhower, and the american century". more of booktv's live coverage from the 2011 roosevelt reading festival hosted by the franklin d. roosevelt presidential library and museum in hyde park, new york, after this break. >> part of this book group is an
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imprint that is rather unique in publishing circles. it publishes 12 books a >> part of this book group is 12 it is the imprint that is rather unique in publishing circles publishing 12 books barrier and it editor-in-chief is scary goldstein. how do like the new job? >> i love it. i was at 12 frome the very beginning in 2006. it is waterfall.it >> let's talk about your upcoming books. last year you published a book by christopher hichens the autobiography. the follow-up is coming up? >> this is the first collection since 2004.'s we published in september and basically it is from 2000 to the run-up to the iraq invasion and covers territory and literary
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criticism and general political commentary commentary, provisos, annoya nces, ran to and other amusements and international affairs with offshore accounts. it is fantastic to give a sense of scope of christopher's per view as a social commentator. >> host: right next to that is a republic loss. >> he was a stanford probably best known as the authority on intellectual copyrights. but also at harvard the head of the ethics and this is about the various influence on legislation. probably more than any other time that money controls congress. larry diagnoses the ll's that is the corruption of the system and actually put
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dictates to the problem including a new constitutional convention. >> when does that come out? >> october. >> that is quite a covers and i think you. it is a focus group you are the premier authority. >> in mint outlaws? >> best-known as a novelist wrote the book that was made into a movie calleds god -- god the monster.e what is fascinating to me the first half of the book coversca writers like james baldwin and other british writers of through all been and what is amazing that those writers are no longer thought about as a gay writers and ironically the second half of the book which goes from stonewall
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and cramer and white what you find it is a more specific gay literature that it is more in solar and has a narrow audience with few exceptions. but it gives a very broad perspective on the history of gay literature how these writerse and went beyond thethy literary to affect the political culture as well. >> host:, what about man seeks god? to make republished his first book i believe late 2008 and in new york times' best-seller. he went around the world looking for the happiest places on earth. in this book he begins with an ailment that later turned out to be in digestion and caused by the unreasonable imposed by an editor but it ain't -- occurs to him if he
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has of faith whichwe she has seven now sets off on a journey to find a religion that works for him best covers some religions that we know well and others read don't and searches for buddha and fines and american and and finds himself and las vegas with sad a group that worships the little green men it is serious about the role of faith but also his trademark wit and objective irony. >> host: and finally time for a rage? >> this is an exciting book. this was a phenomenon in europe but originally published as a 4,000 lowered pamphlet in october and sold almost 2 million copies. we're calling it time for our rage by a 94 year-old who fought with a gall also
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a concentration camp survivor. instead of a call to arms which is easily identifiable, calling for action against a more evasive enemy which is the tyranny and dictatorship of the road financial markets the unequal distribution of wealth. just like the gaza strip and encouraging the young people all over the role to get involved. without theirke di involvement involvement, just as they made a difference without their involvement nothing can change. as i mentionedhi before theree is a general sense of malaise we don't have the power to make things happen. and he is living proof that we do. >> we will publish that in september. >> 12 books per year how far in advance do you have the book's planned? >> i am fully scheduled
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august 2012 i have about three book s that are likely we always leave room because big projects come up in real very selective. we do have peculiar demands and books that work on very well some list because of a odd expectations it may not be right for us. we try to allow room for the surprise book that could come and we could makesu work with the big way that others cannot. >> host: the publisher and editor of 12 books.com is the website. >>
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>> tell us what you are reading this summer. send us a tweet at booktv. >> this is where it gets interesting one of those individuals a slave to washington was a young woman who was early or mid 20's who was mostly a slave to martha washington who helpedin to address her and cook and did household work and found out somewhere in at 1795 that martha washington was planning to give her way as a gift for a wedding 21 of her relatives. this meant would never
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promised the washingtons had made to their slaves that is some point* you will be free when we die, that would be out the door. and so oni began to maker plans to get out the door. one night in the spring while the washington's were in the living room havin sg o dinner, she went out the door. you could see them calling her. where is the food? oni was gone. she made contact with a black community she got rid of her close and personal possessions and vanish. it turned out accidentally she was discovered to be in new hampshire and washington found out buy completely accident. they decided to go after her because even though asng t
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president of united states and someone who declared himself anti-slavery would have thought he would have said she is gone, i am representing the country, let it go with they would not let it go. they went after her they were embarrassed so they said the envoy to meet with her and sit down to say if you come back, then we will work it out and all is forgiven and we will let you be free. oni she said i am free now. i don't see the point* of this r discussion.he i am not going back. that program failed. than washington the cited to send the slave catchers after her and my nephew will go and kidnapper to bring her back but she was warned so she was able to get awayhe
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and washington's never got her back. in fact, they think she lived into her 80s and learn to read and became active in her community of joshi never went back to her life she was basically a fugitive the rest of her life. this is a young woman who basically challenges the most powerful person in thees country. not a small farmer but the president of the united states with all military andli political power at his beck and call the she is so driven by her own desire for freedom, not to mention she writes about the inspiration from the haitianwe revolution that had happened earliry 1790s and where the you admit it or not but every w single slave in the country wer
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knew about the haitian revolution but also the american revolution. the people who were slaves to jefferson and other presidents were there every moment with the discussions and debates about america and democracy and freedom and principles of the country when they were happening. they have more of an year and access to those debates the and and a journalist orad scholars who write about government at the time.ol how could they not be influenced? have could they not understand the contradictions much more profoundly than anybody else out there? many of them to have the opportunity to escape, but she did and said i will risk it all s. they thought they would center to mississippi which could be very horrible to
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say i have got to go. coverage continues with weekly standard editor philip terzian and a presentation of his book "architects of power: roosevelt, eisenhower, and the american century". .. >> hello. i am the museum curator at day fdr presidential library and museum and drug like to welcome you to the eighth annual roosevelt reading festival also c-span booktv which is broadcasting today's program. he planned for the library to become the premier research institution for at studying the entire rose zero arrow.
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the research firm issess consistently one of the busiest of all presidential libraries and it reflects the research done here. we're delighted to highlight the authors talks at book talks zero the and that the annual reading festival. i would quickly go over the format with the sessions today. of the top of the jar were, one session begins with a 30 minute author talks followed by 10 minute you and dayhan period than the authors will move to the table and the lobby located next to the store where you can purchase books and have the author sign them progress the top of the next hour the process repeats itself. it is mye pleasure to introduce fell luck who wasil the literary editor of "the weekly standard" since 2005 and will be speaking about h his new book architects of power rose about eisenhower
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and the american century program political and cultural journalist for nearly 40 years in a pulitzer finalist in commentary he has edited for "the new republic", "l.a. times", "wall street journal", the new criterion, commentary and times literary supplement. 79380 of speechwriter for secretary of state finance. i native of the washington d.c. area lives in northern virginia with his wife and two children. please lrgis welcome may day shl made to welcome mr. philip terzian. [applause] >> good morning. i am honored and delighted to be here.os at the roosevelt reading festival i don't live around here so i don't get to visit

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