Skip to main content

tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  June 30, 2015 11:30am-1:31pm EDT

11:30 am
doesn't work with our training and equipment effort. without successes and failures. one of the projects our committee will look at later this year is to look at both and try to learn the lessons from what works and what doesn't. we will have to work with allies in a variety of places around the world, and we need to understand how we can better enable those allies to meet their security challenges your fifth and last and got to make sure we is all instruments of national power. in 2007 i served on the commission on smart power whose recommendations were largely a matter of common sense before they got denoted into the lyrical realm. we need the full range of capabilities and the judge -- judgment of which told you. secretaries have become some of the songs advocates for funding of other government agencies. and yet the day-to-day frustration of antiquated
11:31 am
approaches, bureaucratic infighting, and stoke hot bureaucracies have met more and more tasks had been assigned to the military and the department of defense. look i think they will and do whatever they are asked, but sometimes i worry we are asking our military to do too much because of the inability of other agencies to pull their weight as well. one clear example of incompetence to the would make a difference in national security is to end the ban on oil exports. the result would be lower fuel prices for our consumers higher prices for energy producers, and a step towards allowing several nations to wean themselves off russian energy. in sum today we live in an unstable new world with some important parallels to those
11:32 am
faced at the end of world war ii. the past give some examples to follow but also some warnings and we should be wary about. before world war ii began in the mid 1930s, as britain was losing its superiority in the air over germany, churchill lamented when the situation was manageable, it was neglected. and now that it is thoroughly out of hand we apply too late the remedies which they might have affected active. there's nothing new in the story. want of foresight, unwillingness to act when action would be simple and effective, lack of clear thinking, confusion of counsel until the emergency comes, until self-preservation strikes is jarring gong. those are the features which constitute the needless repetition of history. needless indeed. we must not allow ourselves to fall into the trap as to meet others before us have. on the other hand, we have the
11:33 am
opportunity to learn from their mistakes and to benefit from their example. those who did meet their historical moment to set up the institutions which enabled us to win the cold war. we have the opportunity to craft a security structure that rises to the challenge of our dangerous volatile world, and so seven years from now generations can look back and say they did their job pretty well. i would suggest to you that we must not let them down. thank you. [applause] >> thank you very much, congressman thornburgh. i thought your five elements of your strategy were very, very comprehensive. they reflect a lot of the themes are that we've been drawn on in
11:34 am
particular your emphasis on agility and we just put out a strategy paper that talks about the need to prepare for the unexpected and the need to try to harness the changes that underweight in the international system. which is called dynamic stability. you also mention your last element drawn on all elements of national power general jones was the chairman of the scowcroft center and i'm sure you know them well, oversaw the development of report with the very title same much of the same things that you were saying that we need to do a better job of using all instruments including the energy it should which is important to i love the way you do attention to the linkage to resources. i think it was general jones who has to think a strategy without a sense of resources is a hallucination. so it's really important to be able to marshal the resources that we have and i thought your strategy is quite center i also
11:35 am
wanted to recognize a number of board members and ambassadors from around town who were in the audience for this discussion at all as a couple of questions and would love to hear from this audience on all the important issues that you raised. the first question that comes to mind i think on your strategy is there are so many challenges that are out there today and that we know are coming soon at the end of you spent a lot of time on topic the defense department prepare for. how do we prioritize our resources, our national security minorities across russia? a newly resurgent russia which really in many ways is decline which makes it more dangerous over the long term. isis, which is unknown global capacity but certainly is causing a lot of problems with our allies and partners in the middle east. and then we know china's part continue to rise and is not a stable security people including inpatient either which could impinge on america's vital
11:36 am
interests. if you could help us think through using a strategy, how do we go ties across those types of challenges in particular? what which recommend that we do under your strategy? >> i think the defining characteristic is that we can't say okay this is number one number two and number three. because it is such a volatile world with so many dangers. it repents us from being able to make me be the relatively simple sort of prioritization that we've done in the past the if you start asking people they will have different priorities on what they most i worried about. for example, a senior military person says worries most about russia, and that john is way on the list because they at least seem to make rational decisions and partly gets back to what you were saying, this is a decline in russia, population and
11:37 am
elsewhere gives a sense of urgency and maybe unpredictability to the actions. on the other and you didn't mention north korea which is totally unpredictable. the iranians as they continue to extend the influence and mischievous ways regardless of how the nuclear talks, out. the list goes on and on. we have to be ready for. competitors which includes technological investment on our part. but i just this working more closely with allies who are more capable is just going to be in base essential part of dealing with terrorism and a variety of these other challenges. we don't have the luxury of saying okay this, not this. we have to do it all. >> let's talk about russia a little bit of this ongoing debate in washington and with our allies about whether we should arm provide legitimate
11:38 am
defenses military or been to the ukrainians. i got the sense you're in favor of that. what impact do you think that would have? could cause escalation? could it be more dangerous than the status quo. doesn't depend on one's intentions are pushing back on march? >> let me say first i think if theyaboat, a couple of those have been held but i think there are overwhelming majorities both the house and the senate in both parties that support providing defense legal assistant to ukraine. you see that as i said both house and senate, we vote on it before. there's strong support for the. the argument your back from the germans and others is okay you send them some legal assistant, who will up the ante and more people are going to die. nobody can say that will not be the result, but as i indicated i am weary of being this judge on high, who determines when somebody can defend the country
11:39 am
and when they can't. it may be that there is escalation. i would never argue that ukraine could ever be armed well enough to defeat russia in some sort of battle. of course, not. but on the other and who is going through xor to links to hide the degree of russian involvement from this population, and if he thinks the world. i think ratcheting up of the causal role is a good thing. it ukraine is unwilling to do that. there's lots of training that needs to go on. we have been slow about helping them, but there's a pretty simple systems that could make a big difference, especially at the armor that they could certainly use at a think they ought to be given an opportunity. >> you think this is the beginning of staying on russia and europe, which is sort of a muscle that his nation is to establish an has to exercise here in quite a while, really since the cold war.
11:40 am
do you think this is a different era in european history, or do you think that the ukraine crisis might be a blip and will return to some sort of broad accommodation with russia once this is resolved? >> i don't know. i am under the influence of transcendence long telegram as i mentioned. and -- kennan's -- i'm wondering whether the blip in history was from 91 until 2000 2010 or whatever date one wants to choose. i think there may be deeper things in the russian psyche that they come to overtime, not to say they can't change come not to say that we should not try to engage them in constructive ways if they're willing to be a constructive partner. i am all for that, but i think we all do it ourselves if we think of it putin wounded awful a bit of ukraine and that he
11:41 am
will stay home and rest. i don't think that's going to happen. >> one more question on russia and then i would love to turn over to the audience, just catch my attention if you have questions. there's been sort of a new element that we haven't seen in quite a while with this nuclear saber rattling by president putin by russian officials, a lot more activity either nuclear forces, as you mentioned, a lot more investment into nuclear force modernization. how worried are you about that part of nato strategy but it strikes the other part of the challenge are being addressed. we have various allies initiatives to help defend the frontier. we are discussing whether we should arm ukraine but what i'm not paying a lot of attention to his do we have a sense for nuclear deterrence or are we just reverting back to cold war thinking? is there a dangerous gap we might want to try to fill? >> i think you got to think.
11:42 am
one is as russian population declines, as their oil revenue goes down it seems that putting greater emphasis on the nuclear weapons that they have, and much greater saber rattling as well as investments. that's where they're putting their money. on the other side as i mentioned to ours are atrophying. the weapon system and the delivery systems, i think we've taken for granted. they're getting older and older as other people who built them. and so in any sort of net assessment you look at both sides. it's not a good outlook right now. so that's part of the reason we are spending a considerable amount of time focus on the nuclear deterrence. i think most of my colleagues on the hill don't know that they're
11:43 am
going to the delivery systems and weapons all reaching a critical point about the same time. it's going to be very expensive. but very expensive means roughly 5% of our defense budget. and yet it's the foundation upon which all our other defense activities are based. but technologically financially financially, and expertise lies it's not going to be easy which is why we are trying to get a head start on the next administration spent we have the vice chair of the brent scowcroft said one of the foremost experts on this question. want to start with question. with a number of hands raised but the first one was randy fort. if you can identify yourself please. >> thank you. randy korte with raytheon. take you for your thoughts. you mentioned technology. looking forward whether some amazing technology to
11:44 am
governments that are taking place. the internet of things they did, 3-d the military side upon assistance, hypersonic directed energy. as you look forward in the next five, 10 to 15 years perhaps to 2030, how do you see those technologies point out in terms of how they will affect the strategy books will those new technologies superintendent was to be even more capable of dealing with these threats? how do you see the future and the impact of those technologies on some of these issues you're talking about? >> i think one key feature is a lot of the technologies you mentioned are in the commercial sector. that means that we are not going to have exclusive rights to them. and so i mentioned bob works for offset this judge. if you look at previous strategies that has been intensive government investment to get technology a fable that basically stayed within government and gave us his
11:45 am
superiority over adversaries. that's not happen anymore. there are some areas where the military does need to make investment for uniquely military capability but we just had a discussion last week on the internet of things just as your refrigerator is going to be connected to the internet or do some sort of network connection what makes you think that a fighter jet on the machine that tests the fighter is not going to be connected and thus vulnerable to some sort of nefarious actor. so it's a mixed bag is the short answer. they will be helpful to us in meeting these threats but they will also pose new threat to us. and the question, back to my agility point is are they going to be agile enough to benefit from commercial technology is only going to make it easy
11:46 am
enough reduce commercial firms to do with the department of defense, or are we going to make it such a bureaucratic nightmare that they will say i don't need you? and and what about that. part of the reason we're doing acquisition reform. >> question in the front row. >> mr. chairman come it's so nice to see. it's been 20 years that we worked together a special on the nuclear issues, i'm very excited that you're going to be having this 10 day study group. fewer and fewer members know about the complex, about the weapons and, frankly, the american people to understand the nature of the importance of the nuclear deterrent. talk a little bit about what they're going to have to do both as a strategic narrative to get the money and to get the votes commonwealth are going to have to do to get a national consensus, that we still nuclear weapons whether the president says in his speech he would like
11:47 am
to go to zero but he doesn't expect it will happen in this lifetime, it will take patience and persistence. but with more practice time to get weapons and certainly with the russians bending the rules a little bit here and there and doing what they are doing what do we do to have a final strategic deterrent that is alive and working? how to get the investment of dollars to do that? >> i think you're right. we've got a tremendous education campaign within congress not to mention the rest of the country. so just to take one example we've got a couple of those this year on whether to set a separate fund to replace the ohio class summary. if you don't have some sort of separate account to replace the ohio class where most of our nuclear deterrent is based then basically you end up with no money left to find any other ship in the navy. it's about expensive.
11:48 am
so i think we are at least beginning to let folks know this way that is coming. long range bombers is underway. we got missile upgrade that are needed in the future. there's some progress by think were rebuilt are lacking is with the weapons themselves. we have it is contagious icons a while because a lot of people have sacrificed. there been mistakes made in our history since the manhattan project but the truth is our nuclear deterrent has been so safe and reliable that we've learned to take we've come to take for granted. and the people who make it possible. so as you know as well as i do those people who have made it possible are retiring out. it has not become a desirable sort of area are scientists to go in as it once was to we are trying to give them computer and
11:49 am
other tools to help to keep those weapons safe and reliable. and yet we have the infrastructure to generate, so we have lost people in come pensioners in the nuclear complex to go work in the energy industry partly because they had -- they had to shoot rats off a lunch in some of the facilities that they were working in. and enlightened but i still worry that we are asking labs to do the impossible which is to keep complex machines running at peak condition for cover. at i'm just not sure that can happen. said that we have a national conversation about building new weapons? that's something we haven't been able to even have a conversation about for a while but i think we will have to. >> to be a very important and dicey proposition to help
11:50 am
doesn't go off the political rails. i think i saw a question over here. yes. >> human rights first. i'm curious which are current strategy is for passing reconciling the india passing reconciling the ndaa so passes the house and the senate and has not yet vetoed by the president. >> well, it has passed, the house has passed its version this imitation of last thursday passed its version. so starting this week i think senator mccain and i will be meeting to work out the differences. there's not a lot of differences. they are march along the same track and i was heartened to see that the senate bill passed 71-25 i think you're so overwhelming bipartisan support. which is traditionally the way that the defense authorization bill has been. it has been passed by congress of both parties and signed into law by presidents of both
11:51 am
parties for 53 state years. so what do you do about the president chooses to veto it unless the epa gets more fun because i do. that's a hard question. but what we're going to try to do over the next month is to work out the house-senate differences can get that final conference report, passed out of house and the senate and give them the opportunity. i hope he will do the right thing. >> question over here in the second row. >> thank you. a little more short-term question the russians have been very aggressive in cyberspace not only with regular on this but also in terms of propagation into the thing. we seem to be holding back on adding 5000 people of cyber command at this point at least by delay of contract right now. i wonder if you could talk about what you envision in terms of our cyber strategy in a military space between you to shift from what we have or is there
11:52 am
something else you have in mind? >> i think we've made a lot of progress in the last few years as far as developing cyber expertise in building out the organizations, a the team who can help operate in space. and in 2011 the first hearing i had in our emerging threats subcommittee asked the question what is the response of the military defend private networks in cyberspace quirks i don't think we were answered that question yet. if a fleet of bombers this coming to the houston ship channel to damage the refineries there, we know what we would expect the military to do. if a bunch of packets come can put in it against the same refineries what does the military do? right now it does nothing. i feel pretty good about i feel very good about our expertise but i feel pretty good about our organization. it is the one area when defense
11:53 am
spending has declined 20% the one area where funding is cut up and that's appropriate. what i don't have good as a mention the policy and the laws and high on my list of what the miniatures responsibly to protect private networks. there's some sort of interaction going on but we have lost valuable years in information sharing and other things things because of the snow to extend the political manipulation of those things here at home. but every day you know, it just gets worse and worse. so far what we've seen is personal information which has been stolen but i don't anybody who thinks that's what it's going to stop it answers as that is to his security clearances come et cetera i don't anybody who says that's the end of the story. and what's the military's responsibility, protect our banking system, our nuclear
11:54 am
grid, et cetera. have not worked it out yet. >> in the front row here we have ambassador negroponte. >> thank you. good morning, mr. chairman. nice to see you again. another relatively short-term question. looking ahead the next 18 months both afghanistan and iraq, do you visualize, this is a very speculative question but do you visualize this administration basically handing over the situation to its successor with some kind of a troop presence in both of those countries so that the next administration will have some options at least as to whether it may wish to retain some kind of longer-term residual presence? >> i think so i mean, my guess
11:55 am
and as you say this is speculative. my guess is the administration is running out the clock. we had a hearing last week with secretary carter and chairman dempsey. i don't think there is a strategy for success in iraq or syria against isis. i think they are trying just not to lose and run out the clock. i think a similar thing in afghanistan, situation seems to be deteriorating. the idea that we would keep some folks in the four corners of afghanistan so that we would have a presence that would help advise the afghans has not played out. we are down to basically a couple of locations. but rather to have a total withdrawal, my guess is they keep a handful of folks not enough to make a difference positively but basically put in
11:56 am
the next president of laugh along with the other things we have been talking about. >> a question in the back. >> congressman thornburgh, thank you. i just want to ask speed is to joint in place of? >> have been, rutgers university. if we were -- how would we first preserve our cooperation with russia on areas of shared interests like isis which draws many of its members from russian territories and from nearby countries where the security commander just defected to isis. and how would also mediate the potential negative fallout which are important allies like germany which you mention does not support arm in ukraine? and certainly would feel the impact of an escalation in the war in ukraine owing to their geographic proximity and a greater trade links with eastern europe and with russia. >> i think it's, germans and
11:57 am
russians have economic ties that make them less willing to speak the truth about what's happening in ukraine and to confront the russians. and yet if we allow that strategy to prevent us from taking action because one of our allies have economic ties with the russians or the chinese or whoever, we are going to really be handicapped in being able to protect our security interests in the future. look i'm convinced the russians don't do anything that is not not in their interest. so did have interest in fighting terrorism? absolutely. now, where does that rank in their priorities? i could tell you. if they think it's in their interest to cooperate against
11:58 am
isis or other terrorist organizations, then i think they will do it. the rest of the story is what has happened in chechnya is that you have these thugs that basically seem to idolize proven -- putin and oppressed an intro and external sort of vigilante force on his behalf. so that situation has changed a fair amount, and i think we've got to do the right thing, and failing to does the right thing because of fear that we would lose some information or that the germans might be activated on us seems like mush. >> thank you congressman. question right here in the second row.
11:59 am
>> mr. thornburgh, a quick follow-up on defense authorization act. am i right that you expect this deal will come to the white house in a few weeks? son[inaudible] spirit if we provide weapons and go to the government and the duly elected government of ukraine, and it would be used to help defend against this aggression, his invasion of their territory which includes russian troops. so that's how they would be used. now, the government of ukraine has to calibrate their policies in the east from editing to talk about greater autonomy and a variety of things for those regions, but i think that the government of ukraine thought to be able to preserve and protect its territorial integrity against those who have committed
12:00 pm
this aggression and that's how the weapons would be used. .. taking a much more aggressive role in world affairs as is mr. putin, so they have some things in common. but i don't know that i would look for someone term alliance between the two. they just had too many other
12:01 pm
conflict gain or potentially conflicting interests. but going back to the theme of the day looking on all of these things happening at once in the world today presents enormous challenges for us and this is just an added wrinkle, an added dimension to those challenges. >> in the back row over there. >> university of maryland. i liked the way you started with truth and not do something as americans is important to all of us. i was wondering currently if we provide assistance ukraine it's been incredibly easy for the news media to portray everything going on its american aggression that the russians are just responding to last and that is not a hard sell to a lot of people. so how can we as americans do
12:02 pm
these actions and provide weapons to people but also try and turn around and sell 140 russian citizen that no, we are doing the right thing trying to help you. how do you balance aggressions and also spray treats about? >> one of the most important messages you can say that one of the most important messages that come from our action is we stand with the allies and that we resist aggression and our actions are to be consistent with our words. the problem is when you say things that don't follow say things that don't follow up with actions, you end up with red lines and area which only ends up causing people to discount what you say and leads to further aggressive action. our rhetoric and actions have you be consistent and merge. the rest of the story as i
12:03 pm
mentioned that you allude the russians have an amazing internal and external propaganda machine. where they even deny their troops are involved in ukraine to hide the degree of their involvement. this is why it is hard for us to do since the end of the cold war, and but we have to be better engaged in the battlefield of ideas whether it is telling the truth about what is happening in ukraine or whether it is battling the spread of the radical islamist ideology through the internet in other ways. we are just not very good. it is not all it to last. we can do much more than we have been doing it too often with tottering hands.
12:04 pm
a few years ago adam smith and nine passed a provision to an end for the first time in a long time the smith might pack which very few people ever heard of that it was one of the obstacles that prevent us from engaging in the battlefield of ideas for new credit global network that can reach american citizens just as easily as they can meet other people. it was just the beginning step and you wouldn't believe the flak we got over that. we are going to have to engage truthfully but much more aggressively in this space than we have. >> gentleman right here in the aisle. [inaudible] >> a problem at the appropriations bills coming up since the administration's insistence by some of you say
12:05 pm
the secretary thinks a compromise and sequestration in the dca is possible. is there any possibility that can get another deal like we did two years ago to end or soft and sequestration in the budget control act? >> sure, it is possible. the question is does all the players want to find a man there or do some players see it to their political benefit to provoke a dramatic confrontation and that is a hard question for me to know what the answer to. but differentiate for a second the defense authorization bill is basically the policy bill. so the threat to veto that
12:06 pm
really makes no sense. it is just political hysterics would be the only reason in order to provoke a comp and haitian would be the only reason to do that. when you get to the appropriations bill then it gets a little more challenging. but i will just say that politically a president to veto even a defense appropriation bill that provides exactly the amount of money requested for defense of his top military adviser said what it takes to defend the country and he vetoes the bill because he is trying to leverage our military to get more spending on domestic priorities is a very risky political strategy and the sort of volatile complex dangerous world we been talking about all day. i still have a hard time believing that is what it comes to. we will see. >> time for one more question.
12:07 pm
right here. >> george michelson, u.s. special operations. you alluded to strategy and the need for that. i know when president eisenhower became president, one of the first things he did is establish the solarium initiative and maybe it's time for another solarium initiative. what are your views on not? >> i think it is past time. it would be helpful but the question i struggled with is how can we impose strategic thinking require strategic thinking from the legislative branch. i've tried to look at several examples of her history including eisenhower's solarium project and i keep running into the problem with the president doesn't want to do it, it just doesn't make much difference.
12:08 pm
i think there's a number of members both parties both in the senate who believe strongly that we have let our strategy muscle atrophy and are too much reactionary, tack go that we need as barry was mentioning to have a strategy to which we can tie resources. but how we advance the cause to the legislative branch is something we are still grappling with. if you got any bright ideas would love to hear them. >> a perfect way to end. doing so much work on strategy in collaboration with other think tanks. there will be more to come on that. i can't thank you enough for coming here are elements of strategy for the country. the most important element
12:09 pm
speaking the truth and making sure we are much more effect than prosecuting the questions of ideas in the struggle of ideas across many fronts. if we get that right the rest is easy. for now, we will not win in any of these conflicts can't thank you so much for your time. after the congressmen laze, if everyone can remain seated so they can escort them out quickly that would be helpful for a schedule. please join me in thanking him as well. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, please remain seated as the congressmen exit the room. thank you. [inaudible conversations] >> we go live now to the white house for a joint news conference with president obama and brazil's president dilma rousseff. about two years ago she was supposed to visit the white
12:10 pm
house but she canceled after learning her country was being spied on by the u.s. today the meeting will be focused on trade, investment and climate change between her and the president. live coverage on c-span2. break out the two-minute warning a minute and a half ago. it should start any moment. [inaudible conversations]
12:11 pm
[inaudible conversations] >> ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states and the president of the republic of brazil. >> please have a seat. good morning, everybody. good afternoon. it is a great pleasure to welcome my partner and friend president rousseff back to the white house. this is another opportunity for me to reciprocate the extraordinary hospitality of the belmont and the people of brazil showed me when we visited or so. i want to go back. i didn't get a chance to experience common law. vice president biden got to go to the world cup, not me.
12:12 pm
but the eyes of the world will be on brazil again when it hosts the olympics next year. that will be another reminder of brazil's remarkable rise both at home and on the world stage. as president i pursued a new era of engagement with latin america where countries were together as equal partners based on interest and mutual respect. the united states is more deeply engaged in the region than we have been in decades. i believe the relationship between the united states and latin america is as good as it's ever been. we are focused on the future where we can accomplish together. in accordance of our engagement with the region as a strong partnership with the sale. i believe our two nations are natural partners in the america and around the world. best of the world's largest mockers easily understand the
12:13 pm
aspirations of citizens to them that freedom. dilma the sacrifices you've made in your own life right testament to the determination. after multiracial, multiethnic they are stronger and uphold the rights in truth we reflected on yesterday when we visited the memorial to martin luther king jr. the world's largest economies we understand lasting prosperity and confronting the injustices of poverty and inequality could only come when we truly invest in our people, their education and their skills come in their ability to live and work with dignity. it is our enduring interests and values that bind us together. and now no relationship between countries is about disagreements. the united states and brazil are no different. it is often tempting to focus on whatever challenges may be in the moment.
12:14 pm
and steps that don't make the headlines, the work of our nation has gone on and over the years president of rousseff and i have deep and firm promoted up the government to combating human trafficking to advancing development in africa. since i took office we boosted american exports by more than 50% and our bilateral trade has reached record levels surpassing $100 billion a year. we've expanded collaborations in science and technology and the ties between our people especially young people as part of our 100,000 strong in the americas initiative to come to the united states and more american students go to brazil and that its real concrete progress we've made together. of course president rousseff the night live given how close our national interest and i is the line, there is much more the united states and brazil can do
12:15 pm
together. dilma, thank you for your commitment for taking the partnership to the next level. that is what we say across the range of areas. first we are announcing a series of new steps to boost trade and investment with results recent announcement on her structure in american companies will have more opportunities to compete for projects and highways, airports and railways. will make it easier for companies to hire workers in each other's countries that will do more to help our small and medium-size businesses and large partners connecting collaborating export them as leaders in science and technology we've agreed to increase partnerships between colleges and universities as we develop the next scientists and researchers. second, his major economy, the united states and brazil believe in climate change. since 2005 or two nations produce carbon emissions more than any other countries in the
12:16 pm
world. and brazil this includes efforts over the past decade to combat before his nation including the amazon which is some type called the lungs of the planet. together a countries are leaders in clean energy. we take important as fast as they were towards a strong global climate agreement in paris. i think our bazillion friends for their post-2020 target in reducing emissions including substantial post to eliminate illegal deforestation and restore forests. both nations that google is a clean energy beyond hydropower the united states and brazil aimed to increase the share of electricity from renewable energy to 20% by the year 2030. these are very ambitious goal a near tripling for the united states is more than doubled brazil's current output. following progress during my trips to china and india, this
12:17 pm
shows the world's major economies can transcend field provides a more together to confront the common challenge we face, something we have to work on for future generations and this will lead to a strong outcome in paris. after we were too deep in our defense cooperation under president rousseff's leadership, to import agreements were approved last week and are now in effect. going forward it will be easier to share more information and technology and cooperate disaster response and peacekeeping. i went to thank you for making this progress. finally we worked together to uphold democracy and human rights across latin america. i very much appreciate president rousseff support for the new opening towards cuba. i updated dilma including
12:18 pm
embassies in havana and washington and i believe brazil's leadership in the region as well as a journey in the market economy can make a partner as we create more opportunities and prosperity for the cuban people. in short i believe that is a marks one more step in a new ambitious chapter in the relationship between our countries. we are focused on the future. dilma, thank you for friendship partnership and progress have achieved together as for the ahead and we americans will cheer proudly for team u.s.a. we will be rooting for games with the sale of our host. dilma did give me a very nice yellow and green sweatshirt which says brazil on the back. i can't wear that in public. because i have to root for the
12:19 pm
u.s.a. but at home at night it is very comfortable. i may flip it on. president rousseff, thank you. >> translator: dear president, barack obama, grinning sideways to a cabinet members at the two delegations. greetings likewise to all members photographers, cameramen and women. i would like to thank president barack obama and the u.s. for the hospitality for which they have welcomed me since i got here. and ever since i came through new york this morning and last evening president barack obama had protected meetings during which we have celebrated in a portrait or erase in our
12:20 pm
relations. we have also established a robust bilateral agenda in areas of trade investment climate change, energy, education defense, science, technology, innovation. we have reinforced our dialogue on topics such as the environment and sustainable development. factors that are indeed key and essential for the world we also focus on governing peace and security. the economic recovery in the united states is an extremely positive development for the world economy and certainly the brazilian economy are bilateral trade is very substantial and no-space-on higher value added. we want to further expand and diversify exchanges inherent challenge consistent doubling our trade.
12:21 pm
the ultimate object that consists in building the conditions to ensure an ambitious trade relationship between brazil and the united states. in the short term we should remove especially the non-terrorist off the coast that are in place for investor good and agricultural goods. with splashdown bureaucracy red tape and do away with the very complicated permit restrictions and would also like of course the high-quality and brazil we do live knowledge. in the short-term our priority agenda will focus on two topics. number one regulatory standards convergence, harmonization. number two trade facilitation through a single window system to streamline its simplified the time frame involved in customs procedures. we would also like to cut the
12:22 pm
u.s. patent office is. that the matter involves intellectual property is there a positive impact by these investments as we expand the degree of technology incorporated into brazil. the u.s. is the main investor in 2013 the total aggregate from the u.s. came to 160 billion. resilient investments in the u.s. have grown in 2013. the total aggregate amount in the u.s. came to 15.7 billion u.s. dollars. these figures do not truly represent the order of magnitude at the investment and it is important to indicate between 202,012 the growth of investment by brazil in the u.s. came to
12:23 pm
221 between 2007 and 2012. we want to further expand the flow and we want them to be higher given the actual potentiality available to is that is one of the objectives of the efforts we have engaged in to further strength and are not economic policy for both resilient investments in foreign investment in brazil. we have also developed a macroeconomic agenda can therefore be of less regulatory risk expanding the processes and also the relations between companies also expanding the investment opportunity in one area where coordination by the government is not what the key in terms of setting the right expectations. talking about the infrastructure area. we have launched an ambitious program and we hope and with a
12:24 pm
president obama for his commitment and assuring the presence of u.s. investors in the process and the logistics development program. i would also like to say we have enjoyed a fruitful relationship between our two governments in the business communities. the bilateral ceo for them with the important suggestion such as the establishment are setting up of an infrastructure inflation by coordinating and promoting investment projects as well as the suggestion of development and developing financial tools for investments in the long-term stimulating private sector involvement. we also have a wide array of several opportunities and achievement in areas such as the
12:25 pm
defense we welcome the two agreement passed by congress. the defense and cooperation agreement will allow a very fruitful cooperation between the brazilian ministry of defense as well as the u.s. counterpart ministry of defense. the military information in agreement on military information will have the exchange of information in that area. biotechnology aerospace technology. i would like to highlight one point that president obama and i discussed and one in which we have come to a decision which i view as very important. i'm talking about climate change. climate change is one of the central challenges of the 21st
12:26 pm
century. we have one important object to it which is number one to ensure that the image of our two countries will have a sufficient share. the decision has a great deal to do with the outlook and our involvement as part of the global initiatives agreement so that they are indeed in a position to materialize the agreement during the upcoming conference to be held in paris. the second area is very much related to the first one which is the joint decision by our two countries to establish a 20% goal in terms of expanding the renewable shares except for the hydro sources between now and
12:27 pm
2020. i very much welcome the decision because it is extremely important in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and also it speaks to our clear-cut commitment in ensuring the environment and also after it to make sure the u.s. global temperature would not go up beyond two degrees centigrade. countries we have the very important greenhouse gas emissions. we attach a great deal of importance to reduce not only as we have done actually in brazil, but we at the commitment to come to a zero deforestation illegal deforestation rate and we also wish to turn the page as engaged
12:28 pm
in a clear-cut reforestation that is an extremely important point for brazil and also reflects the commitment we ourselves have undertaken an effect in brazil. the agenda in my view is absolutely essential or cooperation in energy efficiency for example. we are committed to putting in place marker is. we have a soak attitude minimum levels. we are also committed to efficient things. president obama and i discussed the leak of education for budget with two games for social inclusion to make sure the games become permanent gain them a qualitative leap forward to the
12:29 pm
knowledge economy. and that is why we are most like to see our agreement on cooperation between the brazilian industry of education and the department of education. we are mostly about that agreement. we also wish to establish partnerships between the government research in each of our two countries to achieve scientific technological improvements as well as innovation. i would also like to stress the importance of using education technology as a means to move towards higher quality, more inclusive education. in that regard without a shadow of a doubt the high-quality as well as the ability of the united states to develop scientific and technological research in that arena has
12:30 pm
proved very. may also state for the record that we attach a great deal of importance to the cooperation is part of the science program. the science without borders program. an important highlight is the fact that the u.s. has received the biggest number of resilient students the u.s. has become the main destination of brazilian students who are beneficiaries and may i thank president obama for having well combed such a substantial wave of brazilian grantees. i have often said time and again that it is our ambition to change innovation into one of the central topics on our agenda. we also want to make progress in our energy cooperation between
12:31 pm
the laboratory and the research center and material. tomorrow i will be in california and while in california i intend to hold a very instigating meeting with the information technology, biotechnology and aerospace companies. i'd also like to thank president obama because we have come to a decision to facilitate entry of frequent travelers from brazil in the united states as part of the global entry program. we have also assigned a very important agreement with the brazilian population living and working in the united states, talking about a social security agreement that will allow the
12:32 pm
brazilians in the u.s. to be equally covered under the social security agreement. we also have a wide array of different initiatives. i would like to essentially highlight the following initiatives. the decision by brazil to join the global health security initiative. i think it is also important to others that we have a wide array of joint initiatives that can be developed in countries particularly for the purpose of fuel production. in conclusion, may i read or to
12:33 pm
the importance of latin america during the decision made by president obama and president raul castro given the partnership with hope frances and relations with cuba a very decisive milestone in u.s. relations with latin america and putting them to the cold war and ultimately elevate the level of the relationship between the u.s. and the entire region. that acknowledged the importance of all of latin america and the world peace at large. it is an important example of relations to be followed. you inclusion, may i breathe through for president obama to come to brazil for the 2016 olympics. of course the invitation is
12:34 pm
extended to the vice president that they are not able to be at the same time, at the same place abroad. but anyway, president obama has an invitation to come to the olympics in rio in brazil. he will be able to wear his green and yellow jersey which gives brazil and obama the chance and i'm sure you'll be applauded if you do so. i also believe -- this trip to the united states stands as the relaunch of our bilateral relations. i thank president obama and the u.s. people are the warm welcome and we have indeed taken one step ahead in the bilateral relations. thank you very much. >> we are going to take a few questions. i will start with jim koonin who i understand the amount his
12:35 pm
retirement. you are kind of young to retire. we are going to miss you but he will be here for a couple weeks, right? congratulations. appreciate it. >> you on the cusp of entering in to our brand. [inaudible] in particular [inaudible] you in your administration raised the imprisonment of these americans but till you will find likely an agreement with tehran in those issues will remain unresolved. what do you say to the families about how you will deal with your loved ones and i guess the bottom line do you find the
12:36 pm
iranian leadership trustworthy? madam president, welcome to the u.s. you canceled the previous trip to the united states following the snowden -- do you need a translation? a little louder, certainly. you canceled following the revelations by edward snowden by the nsa spying on you. are you still troubled by these revelations and have you received assurances and are you satisfied that the answers you have received from the administration? thank you. >> first of all with respect to u.s. citizens coming u.s. persons who were held in iran this is something that we continue to push hard on
12:37 pm
irrespective of the nuclear deal. it is a top priority for us to make sure that our people are treated fairly and on the face of it in the case of these individuals who have been held they have not been and they are not been afforded a basic due process and michael ray do we afford visitors to our country. so we are deeply concerned about it. we spend a lot of time pushing on and we will continue to do so. there is no lessening of the sense of emergency. when i talk to the families of the would remind them of the fact that his admission that will continue and has been worked on it consistently throughout their captivity. with respect to the larger issue of whether i trust the iranian
12:38 pm
regime, as i said before, there are deep-seated disagreements and divisions between the united states and iran. thus i'm going to go away overnight. the goal of the nuclear negotiations is not to rely on trust, but to set up a verifiable mechanism where we are cutting off pathways for iran to obtain a nuclear weapon. john kerry right now is down there with separate ceremonies was one of the top nuclear physicist in the world. they are deeply engaged in negotiations. my hope is they can achieve an agreement. the instructions of them have been extremely clear. the framework agreement that was
12:39 pm
established is one that is implemented if that ugly and codified properly when in fact achieve my goal which is iran not obtaining a nuclear weapon. there has been a lot of talk on the other side from the iranian negotiators about whether they can abide by some of the terms that came up. if they cannot, that is going to be a problem because i have said from the start i will walk away from the negotiations if in fact it is a bad deal. if we can provide assurances that the pathways for iran obtain a nuclear weapon are closed, if we can't verify that the inspections and verification regime is inadequate then we
12:40 pm
are not going to get a deal i would've been clear to the iranian government about that. the good news is that our p5+1 partners in these negotiations feel exactly the same way. so there's still some hard negotiations that take place at ultimately that will be up to the iranian to determine whether or not they make the requirement that the international community has stepped forward to be able to fairly and accurately and consistently assess whether or they have foreclosed the possibility of obtaining a nuclear weapon. given past behavior on the part of iran that can't simply be a declaration by iran and if you inspect or is wandering around every once in a while that has to be a serious breaker as
12:41 pm
verification mechanism. that is going to be the test as to whether we get a deal or not. >> translator: yes, that is true. i did cancel my previous trip to the u.s. at that point in time. some things have changed are the changes particularly to president obama and the u.s. government has stated on several occasions that david now longer engage in the act to friendly countries. i believe president obama. furthermore he has told me that if he needed -- if he ever needed to pick up the phone and
12:42 pm
call me. so yes i am certain that the conditions to date have become very different. at this point i'd like to call upon the global news network. >> if brazil is played somebody else. but if they're playing the united states, then i'm sorry. >> not against the united states. >> president obama you were talking and then transfer mentioned when purcell canceled this chip because of the matter of trust and now in the middle of a very political and
12:43 pm
economic. can you trust one another in this moment? >> translator: it views itself in the world and the usa's original play. how do you reckon i'll are strike a on these two issues? >> i'm going to answer in part the question you just asked the president. we view brazil not at the regional power but as a global power. if you think about the free imminent economic forum for coordinating between major economies that she 20, brazil is a major voice in that. the negotiations that are taking place in paris around climate change can only succeed with brazil as a key leader in the announcements that have been made today about their goals on renewable energy is indicative of brazil's leadership.
12:44 pm
brazil is a major global player and i told president dilma last night that the united states is as powerful as we are and as interested as we are installed in a whole range of international issues recognizes we can't do it alone on issues like global health we are not going to succeed unless we are working with brazil and other major countries so we can identify where there might be the outbreak of the disease, how it prevents it from turning into a pandemic. if we want to be successful on countering terrorism and making sure we reduce extreme poverty around the world, all the major countries have to be involved in the process embers though we consider to be an absolutely
12:45 pm
indispensable partner in these efforts. with respect to trust i will say president rousseff -- have had an excellent relationship since she took office. i trust her completely. she's always been very candid and frank with me. the interest of the brazilian people and how we can work together. she has delivered on what she has promised. when they met in panama we discussed for example the for example the defense cooperation agreements that were just mentioned. she got those through congress. as somebody who knows something about congress i know that it's never easy. for her to use political capital to get that done i think is indicative of the kind of reliable partner that she is.
12:46 pm
and so we believe that this meeting that we've had this week is on a series of steps that continue to deepen cooperation between our two countries. there's still a difference syndication, but that is true with every one of our close friends and allies. no country will have identical entries. there will always be some friction. our common values, strong people and the relations we have the fact we are the largest countries in the hemisphere with similar histories, all of that means we should be very strong partners for years to come.
12:47 pm
>> translator: i believe part of my answer was given by president obama. and like to thank him for that. i would like to make the following remark. countries do go through crisis and difficulty is natural. and the difficulty is and/or crazies should not entail a lesser role because they can only be said to be a great country if they are successfully applied to countries and people with braveness to overcome difficulties and challenges and still sustain the people and country. it also applies to relations with countries such as the u.s. and the rest of the world. these are essential relations. we have a great deal in common. we are two countries that with
12:48 pm
our history and something we actually had to fight to overcome. talking about the blemish of slavery. we have large black populations. we have a very significant ethnic and multicultural variety in our makeup and that is a major asset in our population. we have two strong democracies. brazil in the case that the united states and i have been congratulated president obama for having overcome the crisis the country in 2008 and 2009. or so will overcome the current trend and we will do so decisively. more than that google uphold all
12:49 pm
of the energy we have in the past 12 years. and we will make sure these scams multiply. they want to build a middle-class country. i think the efforts to reduce inequality are a major gain. >> thank you, mr. president. i hope you don't mind a faster multipart question the first one being on greece. i would be remiss if i didn't ask about the financial crisis in europe. in layman's terms and language that americans can understand, i want to laugh simply as a financial crisis in greece capable of bringing down the global economy and separately i wanted to ask you what some people are calling your best week ever last week. you had two supreme court
12:50 pm
decisions supported by the affordable care act and gay rights and you also delivered a speech in charleston that was pretty warmly received. it seems you've built up some political capital for the remaining months of your presidency. i'm curious how you want to use it. but things do want to to tackle at this point. president rousseff, you asked to join us at the olympics in rio next year. the terrorist group isis has shown a willingness and capacity to carry out terrorist attacks around the world. what preparations are you making to ensure the olympic games are safe and are you concerned about that happening in rio? thank you very much madam president. >> on greece, this is a situation we have been monitoring throughout the year as i think most people are aware there has been an ongoing crisis in greece dating back to
12:51 pm
2009 2010 and something i've been deeply involved with periodically working with european partners. it is an issue of substantial concern. it is an issue primarily of concern to europe. essentially what you have is a country that has gone through some difficult economic times and needs to find a path towards growth and a path to stay in the eurozone. what we have been encouraging both the great government and our european partners to do is to continue to negotiate and find a pathway towards a resolution.
12:52 pm
it is also important for us to make sure we planned for any contingency and that we work with the european central bank and other international institutions to make sure that some of the bumps that may occur in the markets and authority occurred are smoothed out. in layman's terms for the american people, this is not something we believe will have a major shock to the system but obviously it is very painful for the greek people and they can have a significant effect on growth rates in europe. if europe is not growing the way
12:53 pm
it needs to grow, that has been hacked en masse in an impact on brazil. as our major export market and i can have a dampening effect on the entire world economy. it is something we are monitoring and something we spend a lot of time on. jack lew has been on the phone consistently over the last several months. i have spoken to my european counterpart and encouraging them to find a path towards resolution. so it is something we take seriously, but it is not something i think should prompt overreactions. and so far i think the markets have probably factored in the risks involved. in terms of my best week my best week i will tell you was marrying michelle.
12:54 pm
that was a really good week. malaya and sasha being worn excellent weeks. there is a game where i scored 27 points. does a pretty good week. i have had some good weeks in my life i will tell you and i am blessed to have had those. i think last week was gratifying because number one we were able to get a package of trade legislation that will serve the american people, american workers and businesses as well going into the future. the opportunity to negotiate high standard agreements that have enforceable labor
12:55 pm
provisions. it was a tough fight because there are lot of folks in my own party who viewed this as accelerating some of the damaging our freight entrance on globalization. they've taken place over the last several decades. the argument has consistently been we are not going to stop localization. we have to shape it in a way that helps people and these are tools that will help us do that. being able to get baghdad was very important. the affordable care act as i've said before. the results speak for themselves. we have the lowest uninsured rate since we started keeping records. it costs less than supporters
12:56 pm
anticipated. if we can get some governors holding out in resisting as we expand medicaid, primarily for political reasons to think about what they can do for their citizens who don't have health insurance but can get it very easily to state governments acted, we could see even more improvement over time. my remarks in charleston were heartfelt. it was than a celebration. it is a reflection on the consistent challenge of race in this country and how we can find a path towards a better way. i was gratified to see not only
12:57 pm
the incredible response of the families affect by this tragedy but by the response of people like governor haley and how they viewed the issue of the confederate flag. as i said on friday, it doesn't solve all of our problems, but it does signify a sense of empathy and recognition that is always in the start of progress. in many ways, last week was the culmination of a lot of work we've been doing since i came into office. how i spend whatever political capital built up you know the list is long and my instructions to my team and my instructions to myself have always been that we are going to squeeze every last ounce of progress that we
12:58 pm
can make when i had the privilege of holding this office. we announced overtime rules that i'll be talking about more this week that will give a race to 5 million people potentially in this country who really deserve it. i want to see if we can get bipartisan worked on with congress about rebuilding infrastructure. brazil just talked about the rebuilding of highways and roads and ports and bridges. we've got the same work to do and we need to put people back to work there. i'm really interested in the possibility, the prospect of bipartisan legislation around the criminal justice this time, something that i think jarecki speaks to some of the teams i mentioned on friday and we have seen some really interesting leadership from some unlikely republican legislators very
12:59 pm
sincerely concerned about making progress there. i want to keep on making progress on job training and making sure that the idea of two ideas of community -- two years of free community college starts taking root. the list is long. we will keep hammering away at all the issues i think we'll have an impact on the american people. some of them will be left undone but we are going to try to make progress on every single one of them and i've always said one of the things i've learned in this president the despair are going to be ups and there are going to be balance but as long as my focus and my team's focus is on what is going to make a difference in the lives
1:00 pm
of ordinary americans are we going to give them more opportunity so if they work hard they can get ahead. .. i want to talk to you guys everyday. [laughter] sorry, josh. [speaking in native tongue]
1:01 pm
>> translator: we take the issue, there is or so. we take the question of security in large-scale very seriously. which means that we involve all of those agencies that can't and will ensure proper security. but include the armed forces, the federal police service, and all of the state level police in the state of rio de janeiro. last year we organized the world soccer cup. we to provide security not only to just one city, whether we had to cover the whole country there was not one single place not control. thereby establishing a very effective control system by means of command and control center as well as centers coming
1:02 pm
all activities including the the displacement of athletes as well as high ranking government officials and authorities. so we followed up on proper security conditions to all those measures. and that is why i am certain that we will be in the position to ensure absolute security during the olympics, just as was the case during the last year world soccer cup. i actually believe that the upcoming 2016 olympics to be held next june-july will be a unique and special occasion because it will bring together the brazilians and the beauty of rio. each company thinks that the
1:03 pm
world's best city but i do believe it is the most beautiful, most beautiful city. of the letter to bring together excellent organizational capabilities. those will be wonderful ability to welcome and receive visitors and athletes and all of those who wish to come. to get a standing invitation to come. we will make sure you'll be able to enjoy beautiful and great celebration. call upon our daily newspaper reporter. [speaking in native tongue] -- has been soon i many american investors lost millions of dollars, it being investigated by the department of justice regarding allegations of corruption. is it an issue of concern?
1:04 pm
>> i make any it a policy not to comment on active cases that are working their way through the justice system. partly because of the people here in the united states know that that dollars work for me and i want to make sure that we appear impartial. i'm not familiar with all the details in the case so i will decline to comment on the specifics. i will make a general statement, that i have had the opportunity to work with president rousseff on the open government initiative that we've been trying to mobilize internationally and brazil has been a great partner in that process, that the more we can
1:05 pm
create accountability and transparency in our government systems, the better off we are going to be. and that takes work, it takes time but brazil has been a strong partner with us in that process. and i hope that both countries can continue to make progress on that front. [speaking in native tongue] >> translator: i would like to highlight the fact that it is indeed one of the major oil-producing and oil exporting companies in the oil industry. it has more than 60,000 employees. some employees working for and did engage in corruption, therefore the investigation of course that is going on, it has been going on by the federal prosecutor's office and they're being sued by that office.
1:06 pm
but circumstantial evidence that is available from the prosecutors are pretty substantial, the evidence is pretty essential. what i'm trying to say this all legal measures that may possibly be taken against against petrobras will take into account that acts of corruption were practiced within petrobras yes but it does not involve hundreds in the country. at all staff members. so, therefore, it follows that those who did practice acts of corruption be held accountable and be punished your the people who actually engaged in these acts of corruption should know what will happen in terms of -- the good news about petrobras is it is a strong company well managed today with proper governance processes and compliance processes are well
1:07 pm
placed and properly adjusted. were that not the case, how could you possibly understand that it has a production level of 80,000 barrels a day could furthermore this year who supported the so-called oscar of the oil industry, oil and gas industry by the innovation granted to the petrobras president issue. the tournament as a corporation that is at full blast, fully operational company. .com as regard to your second question, i have never appointed know or have i dismissed ministers that may have been appointed or dismissed by the press or by the media. that's been the case, i will wait until all facts and events be properly looked into and disclosed before come to an assessment. but at least in principle i think it is important and necessary that all of us have
1:08 pm
access to the same information. the brazilian government does not have access to the court records. strangely enough there was selective leakage of information supposedly or allegedly stemming from the court records. people are free to say whatever they want, and those who are accused have no way of defending themselves because they don't know exactly what they're being charged with. we are a country marked by democratic process. we were able to put an end to all of the arbitrary arrangements and violation of rights of the past. we have a very strong military the -- dictatorship a given our track record we should really enshrined right to defend the we should stick to the principle of sentencing once all the evidence that's available. not the other way around. people have the right to proving their innocence. those who are accused are the
1:09 pm
ones who should provide evidence of guilt. it's the underlying basis, people of western civilization that we all should. that's a we talk about when we talk about democracy people's right to a fair defense. the burden of proof among the accusing party. they should be of course grounded type of evidence, not just allegation, speculation that does not ensure acts to all of the court records. that would be medieval, send us back to the middle ages. that's what we do in brazil today. spent i had a chance to do the rose garden celebration of the court decision around same-sex marriage. i didn't have a chance to comment on how good the white house looked in rainbow colors. that made it a really good week to see people gathered in evening outside on a beautiful
1:10 pm
summer night and to deal whole anti-feel accepted -- and to feel accepted and they feel that they have a right to love. that was pretty cool. that was a good thing. [inaudible] >> that, that was a good thing. the only bad part about it was i couldn't go out and take a peek at myself because then it would've had to clear out all the people, or the secret service would have. so i could only reflect on it from a television screen. that's a moment worth savoring. take it very much, everybody. [inaudible] -- thank you very much everybody. [inaudible conversations]
1:11 pm
>> if you missed any of you missed any of what the president had to say you can see they can't on the c-span their library. go to c-span.org. also more live coverage coming up to date the american enterprise institute will look at a nationwide survey of americans views on k-12 education and some issues being discussed national. you can watch that live on on c-span2. again that's at 3 p.m. eastern. tonight on c-span2 get his booktv in prime time starting at eight eastern with authors and books relating to the publishing industry. those events coming up tonight on c-span2 starting at eight.
1:12 pm
also tonight starting at eight eastern on c-span, cb camping announcement today by governor chris christie. is announcing that he is running for president. he would be the 14th candidate. that campaign announcement coming up tonight at 8 p.m. eastern on c-span. >> booktv will cover book festivals from around the country and top nonfiction authors and books. in the middle of july we are live at the harlem book fair. >> on monday in the british house of commons prime minister david cameron told members that tunisian security forces are investigating whether the man who killed 18 british nationals
1:13 pm
was the sole gunman for part of an isis inspired network. the prime minister added to be a major training exercise in london over the next few days to assess britain's prepared for an attack. prime minister david cameron updated number on the outcome of this past weekend's european council meeting in brussels. attridge marks he took questions from members. thank you, mr. speaker. it is with great sadness that i have to tell the house and we now know at least 18 british nationals who have been killed with more injured and the death toll is likely to rise still further. mr. speaker, these were innocent british holidaymakers, people have saved up for a special time away with her friends and and family and his son became the victims of the most brutal terrorist attack against british people for many years. i'm sure the whole house will join me in thing our deepest condolences to the families and friends of all those who've lost loved ones. >> here, here.
1:14 pm
>> and i know the whole country will want to share in a moment of remembrance cell phones the actor remembers we are just help in this house we will have a national minute of silence on friday at 12 noon and one we've gone from the moment of the attack. in due course in consultation with the families we will announce plans for a fitting memorial to the victims of this horrific attack. mr. speaker, this morning i chaired the full staining of the campus emergency cobr beating so let me take the house through three things. first the latest on what we believe happened in tunisian also in the separate attacks in kuwait and france. secondly in the steps we been taken to the british victims and their families and third how we work with our allies to defeat his evil in our world. mr. speaker, the events of last friday are horribly similar to anyone following than any media. and radical university student armed with a kalashnikov began massacring innocent tourists on the beach. he continued his attack into the
1:15 pm
imperial hotel and onto the street when he was shot dead by tunisian police. while we believe he was the sole gunman it is thought he made it part of an ice of the network and the tunisian city forces are investigating possible a couple system is supported this sickening attack. mr. speaker, on the same day in kuwait a suicide bomber killed 27 and injured more than 200 attack on a mosque near kuwait city. and isolate the group based in saudi arabia has claimed it was behind the attack. in syria isil executed 120 people in their homes in kobani. and in southeastern france a man was murdered and two injured in an explosion. while all these attacks were clearly driven by the same underlying perverted ideology there is no evidence to date they were directly coordinated. mr. speaker, offers query has been to help the british victims and their families.
1:16 pm
this is that helping on site from assisting the wounded, bringing home those who've lost their lives come ensuring holidaymakers still in tunisia who want to come our health to do so. gathering this evidence of what happened. 18 of staff on site within hours and by saturday they were complemented by additional teams of staff, police and red cross experts. we have over 50 people on the ground helping british victims and their families. develop the wounded we've always said that the military medical liaison officers to assist with medical evacuations and a c-17 which is landed to bring them some of the seriously injured. it is right that we do everything we can to bring home those who lost their lives as quickly as possible. we've been helping the two nations with what is in some cases a very difficult identification process. and royal air force with a ron streck with the repatriation of all this is british nationals is families wishes to do so as soon as the identification process are complete.
1:17 pm
while 60 families of officers back in britain are continuing to support the relatives of those killed and injured your worked with a tour operator to ensure those who want to come home do so and more than 20 special flights have already brought hundreds home. since friday evening over 380 counterterrorism the local officers have been at british airports to meet and support travelers returning home from tunisia, including helping to gather evidence of what happened. as assistant commissioner stated yesterday, and national policing response is likely to be one of the largest counterterrorism deployment in a decade. mr. speaker yesterday afternoon i visited the foreign office crisis center to see firsthand the work of work of our team than what they didn't coordinate our efforts at home and abroad. as i speak my honorable friend the home secretary the foreign office minister are out in suits in person in suits in person to every they can to help the british victims and their families, and talking to the tunisian authorities about ways in which we can help to
1:18 pm
strengthen their security. i've been speaking to the president over the weekend and want to put on record my thanks to the assistance of the tunisian authorities throughout this horrific ordeal. mr. speaker support office has updated their travel advice which continues to make clear the high threat from terrorism in the country just as it did before friday's events. they are not moving to the position of advising against all of central -- said that advising against visiting the popular post was uzbek this was agreed by the cobr imagistic mentality kept under close review. mr. speaker, these are difficult judgment. know what is that without risk from islamist extremists there is and, of course, we take into account the capabilities of the country in question and ability to counter this threat. here in the uk the threat level remains severe mental pictures attack is highly likely. but into we defeated this threat
1:19 pm
we must resolve as a country to carry on living our lives alongside. now, of course making those judgments in taking sensible precautions. where there is a specific threat we will always take action immediately. but we will not give up our way of life or cower in the face of terrorism. >> here, here. >> mr. speaker these terrorists try to strike at places of hope come in a country where the flourishing tourist industry, and a mosque in kuwait that dared to bring sunnis and shiites together. but the tunisians and kuwaitis will not have that help taken away from them. they will not be cowed by terror and we will stand with them. mr. speaker, defeating this terrorist threat requires us to do three things. first we must give our police and city services the tools they need to root out this poison. we've increased funding for our police intelligence services this year and legislative to get them stronger power to seize passports and prevent travel. over the next two days our security forces and emergency
1:20 pm
services will conduct a major training exercise in london to test and refine the uk's preparedness are dealing with a series terrorist attack. we must also do more to make sure that powers we give our security services keep pace with changes in technology. i those methods of murder may be barbaric but it's methods of recruitment, propaganda, indication use the latest technology. we must step up our own efforts to support our agencies and tracking via online communication and we'll be bringing forward a draft bill to achieve this. mr. speaker, we must also work with our international partners to improve our counterterrorism cooperation. i spoke to present a long, chancellor merkel over the weekend and we agreed to work together to tunisia strengthen its security -- president hollande. we met with authorities yesterday to put that into action including by strengthening the protective security arrangements at coastal resorts. second we must deal with the
1:21 pm
security threat at source whether that is isil anorak or syria or other extremist groups around the world. british aircraft already delivering the second largest number of airstrikes over iraq and our airborne intelligence and surveillance efforts are assisting other countries into operations. we are working with our youth income eu and american part to support the formation of a government of national accord in libya and will continue to do all we can to support national governments and strengthen our weak legal institutions and even with the uncovered spaces where terrorists thrive. as i said and discussed many times before, if we need to act to neutralize an imminent threat to the uk we will always do so. third, we must take on the radical narrative that is poisoning young minds. the people who do these things do in the name of a twisted and perverted ideology which hijacks the islamic faith and holds a mass murder and terror are not only acceptable but necessary.
1:22 pm
mr. speaker, we must confront this evil with everything we happen. we must be stronger at standing up for our values and we must be more intolerant of intolerance, taken anyone who's used them to the extremist narrative are create the conditions for it to flourish. on wednesday a new statutory duty will come in to force requiring all public agencies and schools to presence to local councils to take steps to identify and tackle radicalization. we will go further. we will stand in solidarity with all those outraged by this event come in at least the old woman mature of muslims in this country and around the world. for this is not a war between islam and the west which isil want people to believe. it is a generational struggle between the minority of extremists who want hatred to flourish and the rest of us who want freedom to prosper. and together we will prevail. >> here, here. >> mr. speaker, let me turn to the european council. is discussed the issues which
1:23 pm
don't affect our national interest on the situation increase i chaired a contingency meeting in downing street earlier today and the chancellor will be making a statement straight out of this. so let me deal briefly with the other two. the need for a comprehensive approach to the migration crisis and the beginning of the uk renegotiation process. on migration the right course of action is to combine saving lives with tackled the root causes of this problem. that means breaking the business model of the smugglers by breaking the link between getting in a boat and getting a chance to arrive and settle in your. it means gathering intelligence to disrupt the smuggling gangs and using our aid budget to believe it poverty and failure of governance that's often drives these people on their homes in the first place. britain has played a lead role in all that is keeping its promises on aid and saving over 4000 lives in the mediterranean. focusing primary on setting up a relocation scheme for migrants have already arrived in europe we believe could be counterproductive because instead of breaking the
1:24 pm
smugglers business model it makes their offer more attractive to others in the eu decided to go ahead with this relocation scheme but because of our opt out matters we will not be joining them. >> here, here. >> we will however, enhance our plans to release of the most vulnerable refugees from outside the eu and most notably from suit in refugee camps in line with the announcement i made earlier this month. finally, on the case relationship with the european union we have a clear plan of reform, renegotiation and referenda. at this council i said that the case for substantive reform in four areas, sovereignty concerns come immigration and competitiveness. first on sovereignty britain will not support being part of an ever closer you are being dragged into a state college or. that maybe others but it will never be for britain and it's time to recognize that specifically. we want national politics built to work together to more power not less. second unfairness as the years and integrates further the eu has got to be flex would have to make sure the interests of those
1:25 pm
inside and outside the euro zone are fairly balance. put something the single parents is not -- missing the mark and european union as a whole must work for all. third on immigration we need to tackle the welfare incentives that attracts only people from across the eu to seek work in britain. finally, alongside all these we need to make the eu a source of growth, jobs come innovation and success rather than stagnation. that means signing trade deals and for putting the single market such as in digital by the council make progress towards a roaming agreement that could cut the cost of mobile phone bill services and tourists alike. at this meeting may prohibit to kick off the technical work on all of these issues and the specific reforms we want in each area. they council agreed such a process would get underway and we will return the issue at our meeting in the summer. mr. speaker, these talks with the tenacity and patience, not all the issues we easily resolved by just as in the last part of we should change could happen when they cut the budget for the first time excellent as part of we will fix problems
1:26 pm
which a frustrated the british people for so long. we'll put the common market back at the heart of our membership and get off the treadmill, address the issue of migration to britain from the rest of the eu and protect britain's place in a single market for the long term. we will not be the status quo. it would be a membership with international interest and the european union is better for britain and better for your. i can his statement to the house. >> here, here. >> harriet harman spent i think the prime minister for his statement. mr. speaker, the house needs today in dark times. at least 18 innocent britons murdered and many more seriously injured in the biggest terrorist attack on our citizens since the horror of 7/7. every one of us in this house extend our heartfelt sympathy to the families and friends of those killed and injured. our thoughts are with them at this terrible time. we can't begin to understand what they must be going through as they saw on the news pictures from the beach or the families
1:27 pm
were on holiday showing some lounges used as stretchers come and bloodstained beach towels turned into a makeshift shrouds. the families of those killed now face the painful process of helping identification of the loved ones and bringing them home. as the relatives of the injured will be worried sick about them and desperate to bring them home as soon as possible whilst others are still searching for any information about what has happened to the relatives. they prime minister was right to immediately convene cobr and i thank them for updating house but all the work that is being automated through the daily cobr beatings. i'd like to add our thanks to stefan to the british police team from the red cross experts and other british officials who are working on this and all those on the hotel staff to local officials to the travel ramps and other holidaymakers who are supporting those who have been caught up in this.
1:28 pm
we know from 7/7 support will be needed for the bereaved and injured not just in the immediate aftermath but for months and years to come. can i, therefore, ask them to establish a dedicated task force reporting to a minister with responsibility for coordinating across government departments and agencies to provide this? it's right at the home secretary and the foreign office minister for the middle east member have traveled there today. and can i make a particular mention of the minister for the middle east who has stepped into this immensely difficult situation, highly effectively at all so clearly drawn on the experience of his own family loss, demonstrating great personal sympathy with those who are suffering? we thank him for his work. mr. speaker, that are close ties that go back to the days between tunisia and the uk part of the prime minister will have our full support in helping tunisia
1:29 pm
to tackle the scale of the terrorist problem that now confronts them. we welcome that the prime minister with the french president, chairman prime minister german chancellor and belgian prime minister have agreed to work together to help tunisia strengthen its security. came the same about what actions are being considered by our government and internationally to help 50 nations respond to the economic problems that this terrorist atrocity book and the movie cause given the reliance on tourism? at a time when we make the preparation for commemorating the 10th anniversary of 7/7 the death toll in syria and iraq continues relentless to rise and this week alone there have been deadly terrorist attacks in tunisia kuwait syria and france as he said. when people are concerned about just a difficult it is to combat this white threat -- widespread threat, kenny tells more about efforts to tackle the threat of
1:30 pm
terrorism? ..

11 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on