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tv   Pakistani Ambassador Jalil Abbas Jilani Remarks  CSPAN  December 8, 2015 11:00pm-12:35am EST

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really invented the modern 1st lady. >> historian betty boyd caroli. she incorporates recently released pages of the former first lady's diary giving an inside look at the marriage and political partnership of lady bird and lyndon johnson. >> a good example of the conclusion i came to, those women saw something in those men, the ambition, the opportunity to really climb and make a mark on the world , parental objections. she is a good example of that, and that is why i decided i had to find out more about her. >> sunday night at 8:00 o'clock eastern and pacific on c-span q&a. >> now remarks by the pakistani ambassador to the us on counterterrorism efforts and regional security issues. this was hosted by the world affairs council in washington.
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>> ladies and gentlemen, 1st of all, welcome. recognition, to be here to be with you tonight. [applause] my name is tony culley foster. i have the privilege of being present of the world affairs council in dc. personal friend and a very superb sportsperson to the spokesperson for his country globally.
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the united states has had diplomatic relations since 1947. approximately 500,000 members reside in the united states. the us is pakistan's largest partner with 15 percent exported to the united states. in addition to the important economic relationship to the united states there is a critical ally defense and antiterrorist relationship as well as humanitarian an educational program priority in place. in october 2009 the u.s. congress have a partnership pakistan and demonstrates the us long commitment to cooperation with the
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pakistani people and their civilian institutions. in may 2014 the visit to washington, us and pakistan established a joint action plan to expand bilateral trade over five years. january 2015 250 million to help pakistan facilitate the release, reconstruction command return of federally administered tribal areas with counterterrorism operations and did so with pakistan is a partner in the global war on terror. pakistan has had a cooperative and long-standing relationship with the united states on counterterrorism efforts, particularly since september 11.
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pakistan has provided the us with a number of military airports and bases along with other logistical support for the war on terror. pakistan has also captured more than 600 members of al qaeda, taliban, isi s and has increasingly important member of the global community of nations. just a little overview of the population of pakistan. 45 percent punjabi, 10 percent posture, 14 percent stinky, 8 percent sorry, and 8 percent which are. 38 percent of its population lives in urban areas. education is a critical national priority.
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the literacy rate in pakistan. pakistan is the nuclear power and as a strong military. it will play an equal and prominent role. a career diplomat who also served as ambassador of pakistan to belgium, luxembourg, and the european union. the pakistan high commission to australia. ambassador supports president obama's policy over awarding abusive words like islamic and muslim to describe violent extremism and terrorism movements command i will say this personally. i agree with him most on
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that point. only a small number of muslims engage. so it is not fair and counterproductive to think the entire community with a broad brush of extremism. this is not an activity that is exclusive to any religion or group. it isit is also honest and acknowledging that many countries, including pakistan need to be part of countering the regional and global impact of radical extremists. he is happily married, and they have three lovely sons. one works for the united nations room and the other two are studying at prestigious universities in the us command i know there grades are high because the
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parents me on a regular basis. here are two welcome ambassador to the podium of the world affairs council in washington dc. a respected diplomat in the global community. part of our ambassador series. also honored to welcome another pakistani. our discussant for this evening. along those accolades a nonresident fellow at the brookings institution research at the intersection of development and political economy and pakistan. i will tell the ambassador that you have tonight a great opportunity, an
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opportunity to share your knowledge with an educated, informed audience pleased to see a number of students very universities across the united states and are delighted that c-span is covering this event tonight and think brian lamb for his public service in making this remarkable television resource available. so let us give a warm welcome to the ambassador and ask him if he would be kind enough to address. thank you so much. [applause] >> thank you so much for your wonderful welcome and
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providing this form for me to share my perspective on the important issues. i would like to briefly touch upon the regional security challenges. the initiative of the government of pakistan has put into education and also reform. certainly it is one of the most important relationships in my country. without a doubt it is a unique relationship. and since 1947 we have been part of every initiative with the united states of
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america. not only in the region but globally. and when we talk about the ups and downs in this relationship i have no doubt , the partnership. in the past we have had our respective against each other. certainly we have recognize and realized that we need to look to the future. and with this objective in mind we are opening a new chapter in our relationship. in our view some of the important events which are taking place internally and
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also the kind of intimate and global challenges, i would call them common global challenges that would fundamentally alter the course of the relationship making it more robust and strategic. internally pakistan has gone through a silent revolution. deeply captured the current mood. we certainly are united with strong reasons. first, democracy. it is getting stronger by the day. strong roots.
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our media is ruthlessly. independent and we have a vibrant active civil society. a lot of focus on technology and into terrorism focus on health, education, and human rights. there is also a national consensus against extremists and terrorists. because of the national consensus we have developed we have been able to take extremists and terrorists organizations.
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hundred 50 innocent children killed by evil forces. have been able to develop a national consensus and took actions against these forces. today when i speak to you all terrorism and extremism is on the increase and some of the other countries, it is declining. we have absolutely no doubt in the next coming months you will be able to completely eliminate this phenomenon. i feel that pakistan is certainly better positioned to meet the challenges. no doubt that a strong us pakistan partnership will
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only strengthen our ability to contribute to security and stability in the region. consider the us is a vital partner. today remember that last year secretary kerry rightly pointed out that the objectives, uniting pakistan in the united states of america on deeper than those which divide us, and i think that has come from secretary kerry. from pakistan's perspective the strategic partnership was not based on mutual interest and respect. understanding our respective security concerns, realistic
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expectations and also a positive narrative. there is also a need to identify areas of common interest, bilateral, regional and global. bilaterally ladies and gentlemen the value of the strategic process years ago comeau we have come a long way. we have established six working groups on economic corporations, working group on energy corporation, and working group on education. counterterrorism defense cooperation and nuclear nonproliferation. and the scope is certainly impressive.
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wewe are making very good progress in all these areas. we have agreed to a plan of action to promote economic cooperation. our cooperation on counterterrorism and law enforcement has resulted in the enhanced security forces. ied and extremists and terrorists organizations. the energy sector again have wonderful cooperation going on. in thein the last one year because of the assistance provided by the united states of america we have been able to add about 1400. besides the assistance we
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are getting support from the united states of america i know we have initiated in the country and mind you that these developments have also enhanced the americans ranking in the eyes of the pakistan. focus on education. the systems we are getting, areas which are seeing very positively about the people pakistan. education certainly has a very important amount of cooperation. education is one of the key agenda items as we came to washington dc, and the joint statement that also referred to education cooperation as
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one of the most important areas. defense cooperation similarly is also very strong. intelligence cooperation, and this is very important. because the kind of challenges that we are facing, not only regionally but other such elements are emerging to require global cooperation between pakistan and the united states. again, we have developed most of the issues. at the regional level have shared in peace and stability. piece in our neighborhood that we would enhance our
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domestic security besides economic development. pakistan is located at the crossroads of three important regions, south asia, central asia and the middle east. and it can act as a bridge for prosperity and development in the region. we are also pursuing regional interconnectivity projects in the region including china, pakistan economic core door. it is an ambitious economic corridor project with a total investment of about $46 million. we are also developing turkmenistan, pakistan and india. electricity connectivity
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project passing through afghanistan. at the global level again we have cooperation on some of the most important issues including climate change, terrorism. i would like to say that in the early 70s pakistan played a pivotal role in the bridges between us and china and brought about these two important power centers. and we did this on the belief that a positive relationship between china and the united states of america would bring about
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peace and stability in the region. would like in our region but also in the middle east and they certainly can. being a good friend of not only the united states of america and also other neighboring countries, play that kind of role. the regional security challenges, i would confine myself to basically two of our neighbors. one is india and the others pakistan. india and pakistan relations, ts not been a glorious one.
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we have also made continued attempts to undermine each other, pakistan and the relation since 1947. but there is also the idea that were certainly not an option between two nuclear neighbors. because all of the previous wars that we thought was literally bows and arrows, it is the realization amongst the people and in pakistan that economic development cannot take place in the region, economic development cannot take place in pakistan and india without a peaceful environment. there is also realization that the forces of extremism
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and terrorism are an environment of tension and hostility because such elements, the rivalries of the two countries and the situation between our two countries. it is with this realization i am very happy to inform that in pakistan all political parties if you look at the elections which are taken place three successive elections in the last two decades or so, political parties and their manifesto have clearly articulated. so that has been made by
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almost all the political parties. his party, he also won the election, piece through economic development. economic development through piece. and the majority of the people in pakistan voted for this peaceful environment in the region. the prime minister of pakistan was the 1st leader in south asia to congratulate the prime minister, elected the prime minister of india and participated in the swearing-in ceremony. unfortunately the last two
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were wasted years. he could not resume despite the agreements between the two countries. they were disappointed, but we did not lament our efforts and continue to engage. we are encouraged that after last week's meeting between the prime minister of pakistan on the sidelines of the environment microliters agreed that the national security advisers and the foreign secretaries should meet in bangkok command i'm talking to you, the indian foreign military met in
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pakistan, and for the heart of asia which is basically to show solidarity to contribute to economic and security development. we feel that these interactions are certainly reducing tension between our two countries. our only hope is that these interactions which are taking place, the results in the revival of a sustained, uninterrupted piece between our two countries. afghanistan is, again, a very important country.
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we share a border with afghanistan. porus in the sense that every day 70,000 afghans earn their livelihood, and in the morning either they go back at night or sometimes they stay in pakistan to earn their livelihood. many of them also stay back. we are hosting 3 million afghan refugees in pakistan the last almost 35 years. we have also made every effort to bring piece and stability to afghanistan. because we are doing this because no other country
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besides afghanistan has suffered as much is pakistan due to the more than three decades of turmoil. and an early settlement for peace and tranquility in afghanistan is something that will clearly be beneficial for our country. we had carried out in the border areas which had become a safe haven for many of the dreaded terrorist organizations and operations initiated in june last year. again, it is a matter of announcing that we have been able to clear these enemies
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across every shade of color. this was operations in the sense that it is a case study in the sense that we developed. we regulated millions. we do this not only to bring piece and stability unfortunately some of these elements have crossed over from afghanistan and now are
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not only in afghanistan. there are two parts. one is a military victory over the insurgents, and the 2nd is the negotiated piece through a process of national desegregation. over the last 14 years the military solution has remained elusive. we have shed a lot of bad blood in order to bring about the piece and stability, but that has not come about. it is unlikely that we would be able to achieve that peace through military means. accordingly, what we have suggested is that we should
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try and bring about piece their negotiations in afghanistan or through the process of national reconciliation. we have in our interaction with the afghan leadership suggested to them that pakistan would be willing to play a role for not only the revival of the interrupted reconciliation process between afghan taliban but also be able to bring about -- will be able to take other steps. ..
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you every year we offer 6000 scholarships to students to come and undertake studies in various education institutions in pakistan. the 6000 scholarships that we offer are in addition to the education facility that is provided to the children in pakistan. tomorrow, the president of will be visiting pakistan because of the countries that is being organized in pakistan. the prime minister of pakistan
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and the president will jointly inaugurate and address the meeting. lastly ladies and gentlemen, education is certainly one of the primary of our focus by the current government. other region documents were approved by the cabinet last year, in that substantial expansion involvement of all children and improvement of the quality of education. the government is committed to increase the budget and allocation from the current two per% of the gdp by 24% of the gdp. similarly we have also increased public expenditure on higher education from the current 0.2% of gdp to 1.4% of the gdp.
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recently, in 2012 the government passed the right to a free education making all 5216-year-old children to free education. under the prime minister of education initiative launched recently a comprehensive has been initiated for upgrading school structure. human resources development, teacher training, curriculum improvement, and other reforms. similarly the providential governments have had improvements with primary education and it improvement with adult literacy, especially for women.
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they have begun their own movement for all girls in pakistan, we are witnessing increased enrollment by young girls even from the north areas of pakistan, including the tribal areas who are coming forward to get education. i was surprised to learn recently when i went to pakistan that in the medical institutions in pakistan the girl students outnumbered the boys. this is a recent trend. in our banking industry is something that was very positive from our point of view that most of the banks are employing more women than men. there is a lot of competition going on because a lot of these students, the girl students are getting good professional degree in order to join the banking
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sector. similarly, some of the educational themes like engineering, etc., scientists which scientists which would be exclusive to men, again we see 30 or 40% of women going to those institutions. between u.s. and pakistan, as i mentioned we have a fulbright scholarship. every year, 200 young boys and girls they come to the united states of america to undertake studies here. all of these boys and girls are selected are from areas of pakistan including the tribal areas, they are doing extremely well.
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we see these young students who come here for education and then go back to country to help the development of the country as a very important trade between the pakistan and united states of america. we are not working on the development of pakistan u.s. knowledge mcwhorter door, as as part of this corridor we will establish linkages and it would also involve exchange of students from both countries and exchange of academics from both countries. so ladies and gentlemen, think i have certainly crossed my time limit. i will stop here. i will be very happy to respond to any question that you have. thank you. [applause].
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>> so i will start off with a couple of questions and will open it up to audience q&a. thank you for a great speech. since you ended on the topic of education i thought we would start with a question that on education. you mention successes in the focus on education. over the years we have seen a lot of improvements in access to education and enrollment increases certainly is a task that is continuing. if you could comment more on curricular reform and improvements in learning and quality of education. just because donors like the u.s. and other donors across the world tend to focus a lot on these quantity of education. but if we could learn more about
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what has been made to improve quality of education that would be good. >> will couple of them ported indicators. for for instance, i'm sure you have come from pakistan, i suppose you also came from the same education system that i came from, my children came from and many of the other pakistani students came from the same education system. my attraction with the universities, might interaction with the students, many of the students that come to the united states have the early education system they doing extremely well. they compete with and that basically is a reflection on the good-quality of education that i was talking about.
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certainly, there are areas which need improvement. in order to defeat soviet union you know that a lot of this came up so work the government is trying to do now is to introduce a form a committee to look into curriculum. to bring it to par with the current. so if there any distortions in the education system it could be removed. and they said, more and more of the girl students have increased. more more women are getting education and professional
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institutions. so what is very hopeful that the future looks very bright for these young pakistani boys and girls. i have also seen that most of these pakistani students both boys and girls, who come to the united states of america when they go to other countries or australia, that i'll go back to pakistan to help with economic development. >> if i could ask one more question on education and then we'll move on. terms of education pakistan also has a public education system and a private education system. a very elite private education system. some of the people we see who do really well in the u.s. are products of that elite private
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education system. are there efforts to bring that public education system to par with the more elite private education system? or to to improve the quality so that people can compete in a global environment for public education system? >> will again i would say that it is certainly the effort is being made. in order to bridge the gap between private education and the public school. i am a product of the public school. there's no doubt about it there are many people like me who are also products of public schools. public schools, i remember they provide a very good quality education.
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over the years, i agree with with you that private schools have become sort of you leads. the quality of some of the education is not as good as the per private schools. efforts are are being made to address this issue. the school building the public schools, by providing good facilities in the schools to provide better training to the teachers teaching in public schools. the the idea is to develop the infrastructure that would make the public schools equally effective for young student. >> so moving to security issues you mention some of the successes of the military campaign.
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so we can sit with the numbers, terrorist attacks have gone down fatalities have gone down. we can also get a sense of it when visiting pakistan. i've been there twice this year and is quite palpable that the security situation has improved. it's a two-part question. how has it impacted bilateral it relations with the u.s.? and what is being done in terms of the longer-term national action plan, in terms of a counter initiative to terrorist. so while it has been defeated militarily will not arrive again in the future. >> i remember that a couple of years ago when we had interaction that we had with the u.s. situation in pakistan that it was a concern, all the
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activities of the terrorist organizations. i think during my talk i mention about the development of this national consensus in the country against these forces. so with the national consensus it should apply to all groups. i think that has helped in developing a much better understanding between us and the united states of america. here here i would also like to mention that when i talk about military operations, we certainly oh gratitude to the u.s. administration, members of congress, and many other institutions for the kind of support that was received from the united states of america.
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we have decisions to help with the militia, we we got the helicopters, we also got the f-16s which was certainly a game changer. we're talking about an area which is the most treacherous of the areas. without the kind of the sophisticated military equipment that we use in order to clean up the area we could not the objectives. >> thank you for those great answers. will will now move to an audience q&a. please line up over there and it will do first come first serve. if you could keep your questions brief and to the points. also, have it be one question instead of a set of questions.
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and ask a question at the good. so no statements by themselves. >> hi, every dollar spent on military is a dollar not spent on meeting pakistan's dire social needs in particular education. what is the motivation between doubling pakistan's military budget? >> i don't think the military budget has been doubled. >> i thought you said something about going from 2% to 4%. >> know that's for education. >> totally different story. >> we went from 2% of the gdp for the last many years was insufficient to promote education and to provide quality education to the areas of pakistan.
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so the government has decided to increase and double the allocation for education from 2% to 4% by 2018. >> that's good news what is happening as far as the military budget is concerned? >> at the moment you can make it better that we have a very serious situation to a dress in our eastern and western border. it requires some kind of military expenditure. you can compare the situation for instance, other military defense budget is less than what was introduced in the budget last year. so there are challenges that we
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face. >> thank you for coming to speak with us. my question is towards education and specifically the technical and vocational training and more specifically efforts to integrate the tribal region into the local economy and education. >> again, and is extremely important that as we have clear pakistan from these enforces it is important for us to build infrastructure and provide quality education to the children of the tribal areas. many suggestions that came from members of congress to establish reconstruction opportunities in
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the areas of pakistan. unfortunately that proposal did not move forward because of certain reasons. we see given the kind of challenges that we face in the kind of resource constraint it would required collective effort on the part of all of us who created that institution in the 70s. we are getting a lot of assistance from the united states of america. but the one thing that we need is three or 4,000,000,000 dollars in order to build the type of infrastructure that we need. the support we are getting from other sources is very small.
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i think this is an area that is a lot of understanding of this problem that we face. hopefully, as we have more dialogue i think that will bring a lot of prosperity to the people of the tribal areas. >> thank you both for coming and talking to us today. you touched upon the importance of economic development to peace in the region. you talked about how pakistan is the kitchen and countries in the region and with the u.s. to expand its economic development. could you touch on the domestic policies that pakistan is pursuing to reduce corruption in pakistan and otherwise make
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pakistan a better environment for new and growing businesses? >> i think this is an important issue because corruption as mentioned are an issue that is going on. again i would like to mention that democracy has done a lot of good to pakistan. people of pakistan when they see a particular government has not done very well in terms of governments or has not been able to arrest corruption. this is a phenomenon. it is something we are witnessing today. i meant about the ruthless nature of the media, almost
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everything from the members of parliament, or any other institution that comes under scrutiny. education is an issue. i would briefly mention that these developments have also done a lot of good for us because in pakistan the situation has endured significantly. it is been two years, if you look at the force that has been released by the instant national institutions, the reading with pakistan grew significantly. it is because the steps the government has taken to ensure good government. the steps taken by the government to address
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corruption, and also because of the economic reforms including the taxation reforms that have been introduced in the country. >> thank you. >> thank you for coming to talking to us today. i'm a student at george washington university. i learn more about u.s. pakistan relations tonight that i have in my entire life. thank you. you mentioned briefly how pakistan in the past has helped with the good relations with china and the u.s. with fostering chinese and american ties. if you had to make a personal prediction, how do you expect that pakistan could help strengthen u.s. iranian ties in the future? >> very interesting question.
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for the information of all those in the audience who do not know, i want to look after the interest in the country. ever since the relations with the united states of america and iran were severed this response is ability was given to pakistan as the government looks after the u.s. interest in iran. we are doing this because we enjoy very good relationship with both united states of america and iran. we share about 1000 kilometers of border with iran and we feel the problems with iran and the
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d5 plus countries are a successful outcome of nuclear issues. i think that is a very good move in the region because they could not afford any more attention. it was a very too much tension over the last few years. the future looks very bright. as far as the connectivity projects are concerned or increased cooperation between iran and the united states of america is concerned, i see that we can see that the ice is melting. we hope the agreement that has been successfully negotiated with the d5 plus countries and
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iran and after the implementation the sanctions are going to be lifted and the lifting of the sanctions is something that could also open up opportunities, not only for countries in the region but others. >> i believe you mentioned also an increase with other countries in the region. how do you expect this will affect pakistani and indian relations given india and china have not had the most friendly relations in the past? >> the lesson we have learned from the history is economic development in one country also benefits the other countries.
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the economic corridor that is developed between china and pakistan, the economic corridor from western part of china linking it with pakistan. so this would also involve construction or establishment of industrial zones on the economic corridor. so you you can imagine the kind of prosperity that is in the region not only between china and pakistan because of a lot of investment, not every country has the opportunity.
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for instance, we are also engaged with the united states of america that they can also invest in some of the products which would be undertaken. so i think the economic corridor will certainly going to become a factor of economics, great economic productivity. >> so we have about five minutes left. what i suggest is a couple of you ask your questions and then they will go to the ambassador and then the last two people if we have time. >> thank you for and very interesting talk. i will work on education so i will throw some numbers that you in terms of education development in pakistan. so in the past five or six years pakistan has received more than
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$2 billion. in education investments in public education. as far as results are concerned, we do not see those kind of numbers coming from the country, particularly pakistan is still one of the five countries in the world with the most out of school age children. so what is so different in the government strategy today that you think these numbers will change when $2 billion cannot make a difference? >> so you talk about $2 billion for a country without pop relation of 200 million. so you're talking about a country where 60%. today, i wish that i had the figures for two years the enrollment has increased. for both boys and girls. as i mentioned that we have
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introduced the education. also, we have provided incentives to the children in the rural areas where because of the economic reasons they would not send their children to schools but now, as part of the initiative you are talking about providing children to more children. in order to basically get them in schools. that is one thing. then the number of schools which are being established, which are being upgraded and the number of universities, it's a huge resource the 2,000,000,000 you are talking about is really, really not sufficient but we are talking about is we need to
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invest necessary resources. it is effective, i have absolutely frank and candid and i must confess that it is effective which was needed in the past. luckily it requires more. >> thank you paul so much for speaking this evening and sharing some interesting thoughts. his question, i'm curious to know if you could share the outreach efforts have undertaken in washington and the united states is the top pakistani diplomat in america do in your. what have you done, what are you currently doing and what would you like to achieve in the future? >> my job as investor pakistan is not only to promote the interests of my own country and
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this great country but also to build strong relationship with other countries. i can only build that strong relationship stronger but regular direction with the members of the administration. i'm very fortunate and lucky that i have a very good relationship with almost every instant tuition within the united states of america. the state department, the department of defense, the intelligence community, commerce or u.s. dr. education, economic cooperation trade development is another area of my responsibility. i have reason to be satisfied
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that in the last two years or so that i've been here, we have organized a number of conferences for the united states of america and in pakistan, attended by very prominent businessmen from both countries. i spent a lot of time on congress, i spend at least two or three days in a week interacting with members of the congress. also with the senior staffers. because they also play an important role. i have reason to be satisfied that we see a development emerging. think tanks are another area,
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another important community and pakistan, very wide and community. so again, the media is another area that i have to focus. >> thank you. >> to we have time to take a couple more? okay, we'll take one more. >> thank you for your comments tonight. tony spoke earlier about the importance of words and branding that is a very important issue in respect to terrorism. in the past, we have seen often hateful rhetoric emanating from media and political figures with respect to that issue. would it not be helpful to us, around the world if we were to describe the failure of isis by
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virtue of the fact that millions of people, hundreds of thousands of people, are fleeing their so-called paradise. >> again a very important issue but a very serious phenomenon we're talking about. this has developed again because and what is the media is to develop a collective strategy and collective efforts in order to defeat the forces like isis that you're talking about. the discussion talked about developing a counter which is really important. you have to have a message in
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every country and that i talk about every country because this forces or support for isis is not confined to one country. we're talking about a pocket all over the world. we need to develop which is more convincing than what is being put on by isis. as i said, we also need to educate our people. for instance in pakistan we have embarked upon a campaign. you must have seen the support by washington post yesterday that isis will not be able to make inroads in pakistan because of -- in the country. we need to to create the same thing in
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every country. when our parliament member the parliament we are discussing the kind of ruthless behavior in the on islamic behavior of isis. in the mosques, the religious are also talking about this phenomenon. with that, i think we need to educate the misguided people. >> shall we do one more question? yes. >> yes, thank you very much to be here. you already made a beautiful picture of pakistan.
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despite the successful military operation the best example is in the central where they're still challenging and calling for the omission of the islamic state. they're more than thousands of students armed in that area. what are you doing there. secondly nothing is being done against the -- in pakistan. >> it to be very honest i would not agree with that assessment for the simple reason that while we launched operations in north, which was a huge success simultaneously we launch operations against various other extremist organizations
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throughout the country. they were intelligence based operations in their producing results. i'm sure you're familiar with another organization which was responsible for other issues. several other organizations and extremists have been taken out. it's a ongoing and a phenomenon that was mentioned if you look at the figures of the last several years, there has been a reduction in terrorism and pakistan. according to some of the dependent organizations, this reduction is almost 60 or 70%. these are ongoing efforts, obviously you can't have a
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modular want to bring an end to the phenomenon but the good thing is in pakistan we have been able to contain it. the government is taking action and i am sure you will get some very positive information to come. >> if i may add a quick follow. you mentioned the trade is there a sense that -- >> we have adopted a policy where we would take action against every extremist organization irrespective of its shade and color. >> thank you so much. [applause]. ladies and gentlemen, before we
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go back to get something to eat and drink and i hope you'll stay and join in the after discussion conversation, it is my pleasure tonight to have the honor of presenting something. every ambassador who speaks at our investor series we honor with an award. it is my pleasure tonight to honor and his excellency, ambassador of the republic of pakistan to the united states. for his outstanding diplomatic leadership support of global education and international affairs. i i hope you will join me in congratulating the ambassador. [applause].
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>> reporter: this is not given, it is earned. and believe me it he has earned it. >> thank you so much. [applause]. , on [inaudible conversation] >> on the next "washington journal" we'll talk to congressman rob with men about national security threats and the fight against isis and iraq and syria. representative joseph crowley on newly proposed country troll legislation and homely security.
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elizabeth grossman discusses her article in the magazine, in these times about lax regulation of toxic chemicals. "washington journal" "washington journal" is live with your phone calls, facebook comments and tweets at 7:00 a.m. eastern on c-span. >> wednesday it is question time in the bridges house of commons. chancellor of the shack george osborne and angela eagle fill in for the leaders. by five at 7:0t here in c-span2. >> tuesday, nebraska senator ben seth talked about the san bernadino shootings, terrorism, congress, and what he described as over-the-top rhetoric from presidential candidates. his remarks or 15 minutes.
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>> i rise today to speak about san bernadino, about the decades long fight that our free society now faces and about are dangerous, unwillingness to tell the truth about the nature of this battle. about who our enemy is. we are at war. the american people already know this, our enemy already knows this. it is only this town, where so-called leaders donald and becker, pander and miss prioritize, it is only this town that seems confused. washington ignores what it cannot escape. this is both a tragedy and a crisis. for it is impossible to win a war when one does not even admit what is in a war. let's start by admitting this war is different from most wars of the past, this is not about borders or territory, this is not about gold or other material goods. we typically think about state actors, about traditional governments going to war with traditional governments. in this
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war however, the enemy includes many nonstate actors. many armed groups who are developing global reach in this letter, technet logically linked world. our enemy is merciless and barbaric, they are willing to kill people who are not on traditional battlefields, they're willing to kill noncombatants, they will kill women and children, they will kill at holiday parties and restaurants, at jewish delis and sporting stadiums. just as that is the evolution of our enemies though, this wars hard for the american people to get our heads around because right now we have so much confusion, so much drift, so much orphan hood, not just about her enemies but but exactly who we are. about who we are defied fighting to defend. this body, the congress tries to do far too many things. we do very few of them well. when there are really important tasks that we should be tackling, then focusing we are unable to muster the energy, the courage, the time, or the will to focus diligently on the task before us.
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today, we have such a big task before us. i would humbly suggest that before another person in this body, or another member of the national media stands up to scold the american people about how they could possibly entertain voting for candidate x or y perhaps we should look in the mayor about why so many of our people are reddening to demagogy leaders. do senators really not understand what is happening? did anyone really not see this coming? i think it's obvious why people are doing what they're doing. because they get so little actual leadership out of this town. out of either end of pennsylvania avenue, out of either political party. make no mistake, there are some generally dreadful thing said on a national age yesterday. they were almost completely predictable. did anyone really not see this coming? why is it that these words are so attractive to so many?
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why do they find many followers? because they are comforting to a people who are scared, they are food to the people who are start for leadership. sunday night was a desert, monday night was a flood, neither are what our people need or what they at their best want. don't be surprised that people being misled by a political class that is in denial about the nature of the fight we face, don't be surprised that these people come quickly to desire very different, much more muscular words and utopian pledges. this town's conversations are so often so completely disconnected from the people. you want to know what people calling my office and stopping me at the grocery store since
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san bernadino want to talk about? they want to talk about what sharia law is and how many muslims actually believe in it. it is the rare question for moms to be asking. they want to be talking about what american exceptionalism is. who are we, what are we for, what are we for, what are we exist, what do we unite around? we should talk more about these things. for a minute tonight, tonight, let's just step briefly beyond the media cycle and look at where we stand. this is a clash of civilization. this is a fight between pre-people and it totalitarian movement. let me say clearly that recognizing a class of civilization is not at all to want one but recognizing one is simply the truth in this matter. we are free and our enemies hated. they they hate that my wife leaves our house and drives. they hate that my daughters know how to read. they hate that we decide where we would go to church on sunday. they hate us not because of any particular thing that we have
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done, omission by coalition, they hate us because of who we are. they hate us because we have a constitution that enshrines these freedoms. this is the constitution that we should be uniting around, uniting to defend. we should fight to defend the framework that has secured the freedom of speech, the the freedom of religion, the freedom of the press, for all americans for 200 years. not initially successfully judging every man by the content of his character instead of merely the color of his given. but eventually. but eventually guiding us beyond its original american send them toward a more perfect union. this weekend, i went to san bernadino. my wife and i lay flowers at a memorial that is popped up on a sidewalk outside the site where 35 of our neighbors bled this this week, 14 ultimately dine in this massacre.
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we talked to our american neighbors they are in a neighborhood that should not be part of a war zone. that neighborhood will now forever be a battlefield memorial. some of the people grieving their wondered aloud to us, why are our politicians so small, one marine asked my wife if washington really even cares about the victims of jihad he attacks like this? one woman asked why no one in washington seems to be a full throated lover of america. they are wrong of course of the caring and the loving, there is a lot of care and love. but they can be forgiven for wondering why we are so unable to be full throated about the big things. we know it to those who died this week and to their families to be clear, to to be truthful about the nature of this conflict.
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we all it to those 14, we owing to their families, we owing to the servicemen and women in uniform who today are abroad fighting right now to defend our freedom. some freedom. some of whom will come home and caskets. we owed to the families of those who have not yet died but who will in the next jihad he attacked on our homeland. for it is coming. all adults note that the next attack is coming. you do not need to see the classified briefings that some of us see to know that the future is dangerous. the san bernadino 14 will not be the last americans to bleed and die in our homeland because we are a free society. so we should tell the truth about the enemy we face. we should tell the truth about them and we should dig down deep to be honest not only about them but about who we are, we should now reaffirm our core values that unite us as a people. we are not at war with terrorism
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which is just a tactic. we are not at war with some empty sociological label called radicalism morris extremism as if it had no connection to belief or ideology. we are not just at war with isis, but we are obviously at war with isis, but there will be another group that will raise the black plague of death long after isis has been routed out of iraq and syria. this is not all about workplace violence, this is not about global warming or gun shows, this is not about income inequality, this is not about some kid from a broken home somewhere in the middle east, as tragic as broken homes are both at home and abroad. again, against this whole hold of hand wringing mosh, we need to remember that this attack and we need to know that the next attack are not because anything we have done wrong, this is about who we are, this is about the nature freedom.
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so who are we? we are people, 320,000,000 of us tonight around the constitution. we unite around the first amendment that guarantees the the first amendment that guarantees the freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of press, and freedom of assembly to all americans of every creed and every tradition. i am a christian, a christian, i am not a muslim. but i am also in this life, an american. i have taken an oath of office to the constitution and so as an american, i stand and to find the right of american muslims to freely worship even though we different about important theological matters. in america, we are free to believe different thing sent to argue about those beliefs. it matters what you think about the nature of god. about revelation, about salvation. it matters what you think about heaven and hell. in fact, it matters so much we think these things are so important that you cannot possibly solve any of them by
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violence. america, is about the right to argue about our differences with our neighbors. but to make those arguments free from violence. we in this land, under the constitutional creed come together as a community of americans to unite around core american values. freedom freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly. so now, as it is emphatically and indisputably clear that we are not at war with all muslims, let us tell the truth that we most certainly are at war with militant islam. we are at at war with violence is mom, we are at war with jihad he is fond. we are at war with those who believe in killing in the name of religion. this is in fact precisely what america means. it is about being free to raise your kids, free to go to the
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corner store, and free to worship and assemble without the fear of violence. so we can argue about religion because many of us do disagree, then we come together as americans to protect each other and to defend each other against religious killing. there are many hand ringers in washington who refuse to name the enemy we face. they refuse to admit that we are at war with militant islam, with a jihad islam, with violent islam. they dance around platitudes and offer empty labels hiding behind a worry, and understandable worry that muslims in america could face backlash. i share this fear. i believe that telling the truth about who is and who is not our enemy is actually the one sure way of avoiding that danger. i think that those who are refusing to tell the truth about our enemies, those who will
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nonsensically claim that the next jihad he attack is somehow just another random case of workplace violence are making the backlash far more likely, not less likely. likely. here's how i think the backlash happens. people who are supposed to be laser focused undefended the american people, that is us now show that we are either too weak or too confused to keep our people safe. then, a megalomaniac strongman steps forward and he starts screaming about travel back in deportation and offering promises to keep all of us say which to some, and i think to many more to those of us in this body seem to understand, to some a sound much better than not being protected at all. you want to stop a backlash against american muslims? and stop lecturing americans that they are supposedly stupid to be frightened about jihad he who actually to want to bomb
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their kids sporting events. instead, use your pen in your phone as commander-in-chief to start telling us what your plan is to actually find and kill those who want to do us harm. start telling us what your actual plan is to have a middle eastern map that is not generating more failed states year-over-year that become the terror training camps of next year. this country invented religious liberty. this is the the most tolerant nation the world has ever seen. our people need a little less elite sermonizing about tolerance in our society and a little more articulation about those shared principles in which we unite. a lot more articulating about the battle plan to win the war that is going to be ours for the next many decades. >> .. rom presidential candidates, perhaps it would be useful for those of us who have the actual job of protecting the constitution to tell the truth. we should be clear about who we are and about the freedoms we
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stand for, and we should be clear about those who would try to kill us because we believe in these freedoms. we are at war with militant or jihadi islam but we are not at war with people who believe in the american creed, which includes the right of people, every people, every faith tradition, to friew freely wors, assemble and argue. we are not at war with muslim families in lincoln or dee dear. families in lincoln or dee dear. and then our pluralistic society for their kids, but we most certainly are a war with those who want to spread a variety of islam that aims to motivate the killing and the freedom taking over americans. this fight will be decades long, and we will when it,
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but not by denying that the fight exists. we will not win it by being unclear about who we are and who they are. we will when it by being clear about who they are and who we are. we will win it by reaffirming our core constitutional values, because of who we are, people that believes in freedom and are willing to fight and even to die to preserve a free society for all americans. mcbeth includes that aching line, lifeline, life is a tale told by an idiot for sound and fury signifying nothing. the context is nameless people think they are toward nihilism signifying nothing. this should not be us. this
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cannot be us. america does signify something, something special, america is the belief that everyone christian, jew, muslim, black and white, man and woman, rich and poor, fifth-generation, first-generation, everyone is endowed by our creator with certain inalienable rights and our government is a shared project to secure those rights and our constitution gives us a framework that ordered liberty. when politicians whether incumbents who seem to have forgotten their oath or candidates trying to run nearly on the bluster of the personality don't talk about the constitution, don't defend 1st principles, nonsensically say that our enemy has nothing to do with islam or conversely that every muslim is to be prejudged guilty, well, our national conversation crumbles into sound and fury that is not us for we are americans.
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thank you. i yield back. >> coming up senator tom cotton on the implications of closing guantánamo bay. >> the 1st first lady to work outside the home teaching in a private school she successfully lobbied congress for funds to create the 1st white house library. created fashion sensations. marketed as a color and stores sold clip on banks to women eager to replicate her style. responsible for the creation of the white house historical association and nancy reagan as a young actors saw her name mistakenly on the blacklist
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of suspected communists sympathizers appealing to ronald reagan for help and later became his wife. these and more. the series on americans 1st ladies is another reason why. co- anchor and managing editor of the pbs news hour. another valuable public service. no where else can one find it useful and insightful look into the lives and the influence of women who played a crucial role in the history of our
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country and jane hampton cook 1st lady historian biographer noting that it is an invaluable collection of rare insight our nation's 1st ladies in the important role they played in shaping america during her husband's presidency. share the stories. hardcover or e-book. be sure to order your copy today. remarks by senator tom cotton market on evocations of closing the guantánamo bay detention facility. this is hosted hosted by there it is foundation where he spoke about what he sees as the dangers of releasing detainees or transferring them to federal supermax prisons in the u.s.. this is 40 minutes. [inaudible conversations]

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