tv U.N. Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon End of Year News Conference CSPAN December 17, 2015 7:50am-8:46am EST
that means unfortunately corruption statistically speaking as public already very high your estate has been very fragile, and most likely to him and through a number of warfare in these countries. and so unfortunately there will be cases where you essentially have to rank your friends when you going to get access because those are the individuals who can give your airfields, intelligence and so forth. that involves two cases of cash. if you're still going through 10 years, 15 years int into warfare where you are still handing suitcases of cash to try to rent your friends, mission success will be extremely difficult to get to at that point. i think the biggest lesson we learned in all of these operations in many other countries would do with whether iraq or afghanistan is when we first go into the country, everybody wonders what the new rules of the game are going to be. will the united states be put in strong institution? will nato the putting in strong institutions? institutions? will that be prosecutions for
previous war crimes? will there be accountability, transparency put in? walking individuals get away with? we saw that in afghanistan as well. it's one of the situations were an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. putting in those issue issues en right away establishing good governance along with security is much easier in the early stages were everybody is waiting to see what's going to happen than waiting until the interests of got into with the money and the militias and so forth and trying to weed it out later. now you have a problem where weeding out corruption is probably generational at the point when you have gotten that far. i would say the lessons learned from afghanistan we should be seeing applied to the same places like ukraine. where is that oversight and accountability? they have a tremendous corruption issue. how do we do with oil politics, pipeline politics and resource issues they can face ukraine? how have we completed the ministry of defense and interior against corruption at ensuring that promotions are merit-based?
assuring that logistics networks or sound, that quartermaster general groups and so forth are not diverting assets that should be going to ukrainian troops and instead b of putting it, for example, on the black market or even sold potentially to enemies. i have no information that has occurred. when we first went to locations whether it's diplomatically or militarily, how do we start the process early on and shape the battle space, if you will, so that the rules of the game, with the rule of law of governance as a solid military antidemocratic performance would like. thank you. >> you gave the answer that i thought she would give. when we go in we go into a crisis mode, we want things to happen quickly. i think again we established on the front end that, i understand this may be out of necessity but
we start building on the existing culture of corruption. and especially when you're dealing with people like we've had in leadership there up until recent times. it just perpetuates that, and you know, we've heard, it's almost i guess a joke. we hear the stories of our guys going in to meet with former leader there about corruption, and right behind them would be somebody coming in with suitcases as you talking about. so i think that's a real challenge for us. and on that note moving back to the ambassador. censure on the private sector side now and utilizing your experiences around the world to help look at things in a new way, just briefly at 30,000 feet, do you have any advice for those of us who are still to on the inside as relates to going into countries
like afghanistan, like iraq and potentially portions of syria if you will come any advice to us as we look at trying to reconfigure those, if you will, in our own image? >> let me say how much i appreciate your continued interest come your personal continued interest in this. i know you have a lot of other business pending. i think one of the lessons of afghanistan, i was indirectly involved in iraq come in directly involved with weber for the united nations, but i think one of the lessons in both places actually is that we, we tend to overestimate our reach and our capabilities. it's exceedingly difficult to read fashion or repair another
culture to repair a broken state, especially in a situation where you have imperfect knowledge of how it operates, have a culture operates. you have people cycling out after one year tours. it's, i would just say it's difficult. and when i got to afghanistan in the summer of 2011, there was the peak of the military surge, which was action already starting to turn around but i was instructed to complete civilian surge which we haven't quite topped out yet, which we never did because as soon as we got there i realized we needed to reverse the course along with the military. but when i got there -- >> just refresh our memory, those time spans, the years were? were? >> i got there in the summer of 2011, and when i got there we are still trying, we americans and our partners out of the best of motives were still try to fix every broken window in the
country. and that generated, the temples and the amount of money that was available and which people were trying to manage and do things on a very good faith created a whole bunch of secondary and third level affects i don't think we understood very well. >> damaging to their society. >> and did a lot of good, don't get me wrong. none of the statistics and benefits that the other panelists cited would've happened without that effort, but i guess i would say one lesson learned is that we need tto be, for small hope we're not going to be doing that sort of thing in the future, but to the extent we are i think we need to learn lessons a little bit about the limits of our capabilities to actually accomplish decorative things that we might want to accomplish under those kinds of circumstances, and we
certainly need to do a good job of learning what worked and what didn't work in afghanistan. spent listen, you all have been very, very helpful. we thank you for the service you provide our nation and the service you're providing now on the outside, and hopefully you will be back up to help us again in the future. if you would we would like to leave the record open until the close of business monday and if questions come and hopefully you'll answer those fairly promptly. and with that, without further ado and less you like to close with any kind of comments, i see no nods, the meeting is adjourned. thank you so much. [inaudible conversations]
>> congress is considering at $1.15 trillion of federal spending bill and $650 billion extension to expiring tax provisions of this week. and the house votes are likely for thursday on the two-pointer plus page tax provisions and friday on the 2000 page spending bill. innocent we expect votes on both friday. catch all our coverage from the house floor live on c-span and the senate floor live on c-spa c-span2. >> on capitol hill this moment the house oversight and government reform committee will examine the screening process for foreigners entering the u.s. look at any phone abilities in the immigration system. that will be live at 9 a.m. eastern on c-span3. >> c-span picture on the road to
the white house and into the classroom. this year our studentcam documentary contest asks students to tell us what issues they want to hear from the presidential candidates. follow c-span's road to the white house coverage and get all the details about our studentcam contest at c-span.org. >> this afternoon treasury secretary jack lew chairs the u.n. security council meeting on how to combat isis funding and other terrorist groups. finance ministers and senior officials from all 15 members of the u.n. security council will attend. that's live at 3 p.m. eastern on c-span3. >> u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon held his year in this conference in new york city. he answered questions on combating terrorism, the syrian refugee crisis and escalating violence in burundi. this is just under one hour.
>> good afternoon. good morning rather. the secretary-general will make some opening remarks and then he will gladly take your questions. >> good morning ladies and gentlemen, bonjour. let me begin by wishing all of you all the best for happy new year and i thank you for all your friendship and cooperation, and your hard work during the last one year. we are wrapping up a year in which the united nations markets seven-figure anniversary, and to landmark steps to advance sustainable development and climate change agreement. the paris agreements on climate change is a sign of hope in troubled times. it is a triumph for multilateralism that shows the
united nations delivering results the world desperately needs. president francois hollande and foreign minister laurent fabius of france showed inspiring leadership, including by refusing to be deterred by the terrorist attacks of novembe november 13. i thank all the government of leaders, civil society leaders, political leaders who make this achievement possible. thathe paris agreement surpassed the expectations. world leaders recognized that we could and must do better than setting for the lowest common denominator. so they reached higher. the paris agreement gives us plan a for the planet, a for
ambition. since my first day in office nine years ago in 2007, i have pushed very hard for this agreement. now i press world leaders again to translate promise into practice. we must also follow through on the other milestones of 2015. to 2030 agenda for sustainable developments is our overarching guide, crystallized in 17 goals to end poverty and build a peaceful societies. the agenda in july as a blueprint for filing for development, investing in development early about crises -- [inaudible] the sendai framework on disaster risk reduction reached in march points the way toward
resilience. taken together, these trends and path of set the stage for future that leaves no one behind. ladies and gentlemen, this year we have seen close of refugees and internally displaced people. as we enter 2016, the world needs to aim for a new global compact on human mobility, demonizing and scapegoating these people based on religion, ethnicity or country of origin has no place in the 21st century. the united nations has just passed for $20 billion to meet next year's humanitarian needs -- has just asked. five times the level of one decade of war. donors have been exceedingly
generous, but we would like to enter 2016 with a funding gap of more than $10 billion, the largest ever. the world humanitarian summit meeting in may 2016 in istanbul will be a critical moment to address systemic funding programs come and agree on concrete steps to better prepare for and respond to crises. the world most invest more political energy in preventing and ending conflict and in addressing violations of human rights. our best warning signs of greater trouble to follow. ladies and gentlemen, this week -- resolve conflict through diplomacy are front and center. in bolivia, the parties are close to eight desperately
needed agreement that would help the country movie on prolonged crises -- in libya. in yemen talks began yesterday in switzerland, towards a lasting cease-fire the reception of political transition. civilians have borne, civilians have borne the brunt of the country and we must be doing everything to end the bloodshed and ease their plight. on syria, the international community is activity we engage in pushing for a political settlement. of the international student support group will meet in new york on friday december 18 followed by a meeting of the security council. syria as an open sore on the middle east and the wide world. we are pressing for nationwide cease-fire and for the start of negotiations in january on a
political transition, and we must not relent. countering the threat posed by daesh and boko haram and al-shabaab and other terrorist groups is crucial. next month i will present to the member states of the united nations a plan of action on preventing violent extremism. many of today's conflicts and often unfortunately the response to them have provided the breeding ground for the spread of terrorism and violent extremism. -- what we have seen over the past few days is chilling. the countries on the brink of civil war. that risks the entire region. i have asked my special adviser
to go to the region before the end of this week to speak to the african union, the countries in the region, and, of course, the government of burundi. on increasing political dialogue is needed urgently. we must do all we can to prevent the mass violence and act decisively should they erupt. in south sudan the united nations peacekeeping operations continues to shelter more than 185,000 civilians, a major advance in our human protection efforts. but that is not a permanent solution, and many more remain internally displaced and under threat of violence. i urge the parties to establish a transitional institutions before the end of january. ladies and gentlemen, these are
daunting situations. i take heart from the political process and smooth transfers of power of the past year, including in sri lanka and nigeria. the transition in the central of republic is also moving ahead with a constitutional referendum last week, and presidential and legislative elections at the end of this month. i am encouraged by progress in the negotiations on cyprus. the solution to decades of division is within reach. in the americas, colombians are edging closer to the ends of the continent longest-running conflict. in myanmar, the government and army are cooperating for a stable transition. continued support is need to
begin on inclusive dialogue. that brings marginalized groups into the process. the united nations and i personally have supported the process for several years. we have continued to do so. ladies and gentlemen, the year 2015 has brought more breakthrough. united nations continues to strengthen, including through wide-ranging assessments of peace operations, peace building, and our future role and capacities. despite the ups and downs from peace processes to private talks, we cannot afford to let them your too much is at stake. millions of people depend on us to keep pressing ahead. i did not lose faith during the years of ups and downs of climate negotiations. i continued to believe in the
united nations, and in our staff, many of whom have made the ultimate sacrifice. i continue to have faith in the ability of the world people to come together for the common good has just demonstrated so politically in paris. with the spirit we can make 2016 at your of a congressman and truly build -- with the peoples. i thank you. >> thank you. before we could jump out i would just ask you limit yourself to one question for sake of time, courtesy to your colleagues and avoid statements and go straight to question for all of you, it would be great. >> okay, mr. secretary -- is a working? mr. secretary-general, thank you for the this press conference and thanks again to you. my colleagues and i am wishing you and your family a happy new
year. your press conference is a very important for us and for the 2016 were asking if the excellent practice -- once a month can be translated? and finally my question on north korea. a few weeks ago, a few weeks ago who was news that you ready to land and challenging for an historic visit but suddenly everything was put on hold another preparation, looks almost radioactive. could you please tell us what the situation is? thank you. -- pyongyang. >> i have been consistently told you that i am ready to provide my roll as secretary-general, whatever they take for peace and stability, contribution on the korean peninsula.
i have, that condition unchanged. as i stated under discussions with the authorities of dprk, i sincerely hope that we will be able to find a mutually convenient space as soon as possible and this is what i can tell you at this time. recently there have been some encouraging development of situation between the two parts of korea, including women and reunion of separated families. unfortunately, this high level talks between the two koreas have not ended much expected results. but we should not be frustrated. i sincerely hope the parties will continue to engage in talks
so they can expand political space to dialogue and exchanges and cooperation so that they can first of all build the two parties. in their i am ready to provide any service as the secretary-general. and as one of the citizens coming from korea. thank you. >> thank you, secretary general. south african broadcasting. given the escalation you've spoken about in burundi, including the attacks have led to almost 100 deaths last friday, and delight friday, and a lack of effect a senior security council diplomatic described to situate as a country that is going to hell, would you concede that your recommendation of a reinforced team to back your special adviser is perhaps not an adequate response to the evolving situation on the
ground? >> first of all, as i said i'm extremely concerned about the continuing violence, the violence between government forces and unknown armed elements. these are very chilling. and i've asked, as i said, my chairman to go right away to the region to engage in dialogue. even during climate change negotiations, i've been reaching out, the leaders in the region. i have been constantly speaking to the leaders. i sincerely hope that, first of all, government of burundi, the president will engage in inclusive dialogue towards -- of africa again -- i'm asking african union again, the
facilitators, east african community, will continue to render their political leadership to facilitate the dialogue. they will continue to engage. and at this time i ask for all nation stakeholders to uphold the rule of law, human rights. and i urge '40s to help create the conditions for credible and inclusive dialogue. those preconditions for political dialogue. as for the options of which i recommended to the security council, of course there are different options. at this time i am encouraged that the president has met by
special adviser and is continuously available for consultation. i'm going to discuss this matter again this afternoon with security council members. we will take necessary actions as we observe and watch the situation how it evolves. depending upon the evolution of the situation, we may have to level up our presence and our activities. >> thank you. >> yes, mr. secretary-general, could you kindly explain to us the cease-fire arrangement, and what do you have in mind given that daesh controls perhaps civilians. what are you going to do about collateral damage of so many civilians and foreign fighters
that, for example, iran's militias in syria? are they going to be part of the cease-fire? again, same with the regime but where do you stand on whether bashar al-assad should stay or go, and if he does, when? >> the first part of the question, you have been following all of the situation here i'm looking forward to this third international syrian support group, iss gb meeting in new york on friday. and i and my special envoy participate. i'm also looking forward to meeting many ministers who will be participating on the margins of this meeting. what is important at this time as was agreed through vmm one and two process, it's important
-- vienna -- nationwide cease-fire as soon as possible. of course, there are certain areas controlled more by isis. but as much as we can we should expand this area to be covered by a cease-fire as wide as possible. for the possible, will engage in intra- series in talks, as soon as possible. -- intra-syrian talks. first of all we should have, we should have this cease-fire, nationwide cease-fire. that will help us not only political process, also united nations and out of humanitarian agencies to deliver a humanitarian assistance to many,
many people who are desperate, in need of such help. there are 13 million people, at least 13 million people, more than 4 million refugees in need of desperate gimmick and assistance. the second question, i think this issue has been discussed many times in the past. basically in principle it's up to the syrian people who should make decisions about the future of president assad. but at the same time i also believe that it is unacceptable that to hold this seat in a crisis, solution to this crisis, has to be dependent, depending upon just question of state of
one man. that's not acceptable. but that's why people have been discussing this matter overtimes. but i leave it to the parties concerned to discuss this matter in parallel, tried to finding out the political space as well as delivering humanitarian assistance. in transition, in the course of transition, there maybe, some people, some coaches are not expressing their positions and there may be some role or need for president assad to stay just as limited months, but that will have to be decided later. >> thank you, mr. secretary. used to love one year in your term as secretary-general, and your legacy is going to be
connected somehow to the failures of the international community in syria. and you've said repeatedly that assad has lost legitimacy. can you say one more time, and you tell us what role can iran play in solving that situation in syria, in lebanon and in the region. thank you. >> continuing trend for crisis during the last five years has created -- syrian crisis has created a lot of troubles unexpected issues as we have seen. it has affected a lot of situations in neighboring countries, including lebanon. another issue is the spread of terrorism and isil.
this level of good governance and continuing tragedy and the complete despair among the people has made the perfect breeding ground for extremists and terrorism to set the roots. therefore, it is actually necessary that we first address this political issues. that is kind of some root causes, how to address the root causes. and we also have to take necessary actions to defeat and counter extremism terrorism. so are challenges have become much more difficult, wider space, space of our challenges have become much wider. that is why it's crucially important that we break as early
as possible end of this crisis. >> thank you very much, mr. secretary-general. you talked in the beginning about the need for a new global compact to address the issue of migration, of refugees, and basically and tolerance against religious, ethnic minorities. could you tell us what this compact would look like, what role the united nations is going to play, who should be involved and what it should say and do? >> there's a massive flow of migrants and refugees into europe and in other areas, in asia and elsewhere, have
surfaced more than the regional issues. it has become global issues. i appreciate the european union, particularly leaders for having engaging, to find out some more structured framework to address this issue. but it has gone beyond european union, and there is some division, very serious divisions among the countries of concern. that is why i believe that it has become a global issue, and that's why united nations should address this issue in close consultation with the member states. this year in september, september 30, i convened a high level meeting here, but i had the proposed to the member state of the u.n. that will i'm going
to contain a seven meeting came just one day before the general debates. that will be september 19. there's consensus to support my proposal. they are i would like to discuss with the world leaders and try to sort of global compact for responsibility sharing. of course, for detailed matters we have to prepare in close consultation. may have visual consultations in the course of several months. to address migration and refugee issues, i have laid out some road maps. first of all on february 4 in london, we are going to contain
the high level, seven levels conference on 106, particularly -- syria, to address the refugee issues and she mentioned support. of course, we can address some of issues including migration. and this conference is cosponsored by united kingdom, kuwait and germany and united nations. we have already spent extended invitation cosigned by the leaders of these four countries and myself. in march in switzerland i have asked high commissioner for refugees, yes, unhcr, duly appointed high commissioner to convene a high level meeting to
discuss resettlement plus. then in may we have world humanitarian summit meeting established in turkey, the margins, i think we can also discuss this matter as a part of this humanitarian support. then in september we are going to have this summit meeting on migration issues are i understand that presence of the general assembly also his idea of convening it is an initiative sometime in july high level meeting on migration issues. so there will be a continuing commitment and continuing consultation in the community to discuss this issue at the global level. >> a question on syria, secretary-general. you use of the worst as soon as
possible a short time ago about the cease-fire and about the face-to-face talks. the status communicate from the innocent the beginning of january. does that now seemed a bit too ambitious? going forward on the time frame, along the sake of transition should be? if there's a need for elections at the end of transition come with the u.n. organized in? >> vienna 2 up conference has issued their own agreement saying that we will try to have the cease-fire nationwide cease-fire january. we have 18 months timeline for political transition. some people may think that this may be too ambitious, but one needs to be ambitious. we do not have much time to lose, to waste, even a single
minute. therefore, it is actually necessary that we have highest level possible ambition. and i think we have to do what we can. >> since you are entering your final year, secretary-general, and is already a race to inherit your position, will you address first of all rumors or reports that you plan to run for president of south korea? >> speak louder. >> sorry. will you address reports that you were planning to run for president of south korea? and also will you pledge for planning purposes for those who would be your successor, that she will serve out the remainder of your term? >> i think you are not first one to have asked that question.
[laughter] i have been repeatedly stated during last couple of years that i come as secretary-general of the united nations, i have a full agenda. .. yesterday the president of the general assembly and the president of the security council sent letter to member-states to present their candidates for the next
successor, for the next secretary-general. ask your thoughts on this unprecedented procedure. >> would you speak up? >> yes. could you tell us your thought on the unprecedented procedure to choose the next project tear general. also if you have any message to these candidates, thank you. >> i have seen, i have seen that the letter, it was expected because member-states have been actually discussing this issue, how to make selection process of my successor more transparent, more transparent. this initiative has far as i believe, and i think there is a wide, widely shared consensus
this is a good initiative. i would like to see that the way this letter, i hope, member-states will expedite their process to select the next secretary-general as soon as possible. on very transparent manner. that is my, my wish. my wish. >> carol? >> mr. secretary-general, the tomorrow the u.n. is going to be releasing the report that you asked concerning allegations of sexual abuse in the central african republic and you have spoken very forcefully the need to clean up peacekeeping and misconduct by peacekeepers. i'm just wondering if you feel over the months you have made progress following your repeated appeals for changes on this?
>> i am looking forward to meeting judge murray tashon to and over her findings of chair of this panel, inquiry commission. and after having received it, i will take the necessary action including making it public but more importantly we will review the contents of this report. then take necessary action to make it much more clearly committed that all the u.n. staff, whether in headquarters or in the field must be much more protect and respect human
rights including, prohibiting sexual violence, yes. >> thank you, stephon. mr. secretary-general i won't raise afghanistan an issue which was missing on your opening statement you've been a strong supporter of the negotiation of peace process but this process made promising beginning in july and collapsed and situation in afghanistan has sharply deteriorated. on top of this the united states has resumed fighting in a column in the "new york times." on this situation what are your thoughts that this process can be resumed and how can you help?
>> the people afghanistan suffered too long time, many decades. piece and stability have always been unstable and many countries have been involved and tried to support stability and peace in afghanistan with the new leadership, i have been taking note that he has been engaging with the leaders in the region, particularly with pakistan. i sincerely hope with the whole international community support to support afghanistan, the people in government, so they will be able to maintain peace and stability through their own domestics reconciliation and
plans, also, there is many, many conferences have been held. like for instance, compact, which had been providing international economic and social support. at the same time it is important to have good cooperation with neighboring countries, particularly in addressing addressing terrorism and attacks against afghanistan. at united nations we continue to play an important role. >> karma. >> thank you, stephon. thank you, secretary-general. on syria the issue of terrorism has been on agenda of pretty much every country dealing with syria. some countries dealing with
moderates claiming they're terrorists but there is the threat of isis. have you spoken to the sides, especially the russians and americans, about choosing the terrorists instead of opposition and uniting forces against terrorism. have you spoken to them? what do you recommend to them thank you. >> countering terrorism and extremism has emerged one of the top serious issues we have to deal with. i really appreciate many countries participating in coalitions. coalition of the countries is very important. at the same time i've been asking them to observe strictly the international humanitarian and international him rights lace to protect, not to harm
civilian casualties. we have also to address root causes enhancing, improving good governance of the leaders of the concerned parties, concerned countries. and this is very seriously to the voices and aspirations of their own people through inclusive dialogue. there are countries with election capacities, particularly therefore, the united nations through this counterterrorism center is really trying to provide capacity-building support as much as we can. and that is why i'm trying to trying as soon as possible in the month of january, a plan of
action to counter extremism and terrorism. when it comes to syria there are many armed groups, there are many armed groups. i understand through this process of vienna, the vienna process they're trying to trying to find out terrorist groups from among the armed groups. i understand that the jordanian government has attempted to take this mission. i also appreciate that the syrian, saudi arabia convened a meeting last week of, among the syrian armed groups. i sincerely hope there will be
some unit of purpose among the parties concerned so that we can more effective, more effectively address countering terrorism. >> thank you, stephon. thank you mr. secretary-general, machining about the middle east and saudi arabia, just two days ago alliance formed between 34 countries from the arab and islamic world in saudi arabia. what's your view of this new coalition forming and how effective it will be addressing holistically the causes and the counterterrorism measures that needed to be implemented on the ground. do you see it as duplication been working merged together at
one point? >> i raid the report that saudi arabia has initiated to form a muslim country-led coalition. as you know, this coalition, led by western countries including russia they have been operating the military operations to fight against terrorism and i, i sincerely hope when there is a coalition formed, i think they should very closely coordinate other countries already participating in coalition. as i again said it is very important when they stage military operations there should be extreme care and efforts not
to harm any civilian population and civilian facilities. this is fundamental principle of international human rights and humanitarian -- >> thank you, mr. secretary-general. i was wondering why in your introductory remarks you did not mention palestine and conflicts there. an average of two palestinians are killed a day. today the israeli government announced building new 800 new settlement units and gas -- gaza is under siege. gaza is humanitarian catastrophe but you didn't find in your introductory remarks to mention what is going on there. why is that, thank you. >> i'm very concerned we have not seen much progress, even
deterioration of the situation in the middle east. as you may remember i was in the region during october to discuss this matter with israelis and palestinian leaders. it is important that even though the suggestion might be -- situation might be very much challenging the leaders showed their high level of commitment and ambition, even political ambition to address all these pending issues. i think a six, seven-decade long issues to, to bring some, at least a small sense of hope to people who have been suffering. and when it comes to to settlement, i made repeatedly consistently the united nations
position that it is illegal in accordance with international law. >> oleg. >> thank you, secretary-general. on the fight against isis. there was some hope this common enemy could unite the countries, also provide some grounds for progress in syria. but now there seems to be some disagreement, some more disagreement. for example, between turkey on one side and russia and iraq on the other side. how could you personally push for these countries to unite and for more coordination between the states fighting isis? >> again, i'm, i have been urging the parties concerned, countries concerned who are involved in this process to, first of all coordinate among themselves and, tried to respect
the human rights and humanitarian law and about the providing some support to different groups. that you can find answer from my consistent, united nations consistent position that there should be very close coordination and cooperation among the parties concerned. often we've seen some countries unfortunately between in and among the countries who are working for the same purpose. there should be unity of purpose and collaboration and if and when there is any division of positions of between and among the countries for engaging