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tv   Book Discussion on Fast Forward  CSPAN  February 6, 2016 2:00pm-3:16pm EST

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he is a necessary influence because i think he is right. there is a lot of bunk in what he says, a lot of grandstanding and machine is no but you clear that way and the ideas i think are ideas we have to come to terms with which is to repeat what i said earlier the notion that so much of what we take to be universally true. ..
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rooted in longing, not necessarily in truth. truthfully but especially american culture because we have from the start a culture of many languages and religions and ethnicities and part of what it means to be american is contested truths, a land of many religions and we never did a good job of negotiating. but becomes important as we negotiate moving forward. in answer to your question is a positive force. but -- and his ideas have been bred in all sorts of curious ways. as i said, he wasn't necessary force because he
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helped americans to confront fundamental problems we have had comeau living in a pluralistic society, doing so humane way, and here is a speak of the story. i had to think with about these issues. >> university of wisconsin professor teaches history here. here is her book. history of an icon. >> you want to watch this program again? type the author name or book title in the search bar.
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you canyou can also share the videos on our website. book tv, society 98. all available at booktv.org. ♪ >> good evening. i am honored to be here tonight to introduce each of
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amazing group of women. this evening's topic is a vital one. as a female ceo i am often asked to comment about what is like to be a woman in industry has traditionally been men. and so many times i asked what are some of the experiences i draw by denial to say limit i have gone experiences from an things i have read and people i've talked to people i have met. it is really all about stories. and that is what i think, the power of thea great story. so many women are doing so many important things whether it's policy, business, human rights. if we stop to think about it
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we canbecause i'm so much. change the way we look at the world. so this book is how women can achieve power and purpose. harnessing the power of storytelling giving us a gift about the trailblazing. so i am thrilled to welcome and am proud ofi'm proud of effectively have the opportunity to be able to produce this book. pres. obama appointed her as the 1st ever united states ambassador at large. cofounder of international nonprofit. kim as a really is also
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cofounder and chairman of the global center for women. she is illegal, corporate, and philanthropic advisor. newsweek daily beast. moderating this evening we are pleased and excited to introduce lecture at harvard university far executive editor of the new york times. spent the last 17 years as a senior editorial position where she was the 1st woman to serve in washington. before joining at times deputy washington bureau chief covering money and politics. so we are very excited to
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have the opportunity to have these wonderful women here. i would like to recognize the math of the kennedy library foundation acknowledges generous underwriters of the kennedy library on the boston foundation and the foundation media partners. they would also like to acknowledge perform part of the ceiling. thank you again and i hope you enjoy the evening. they are going to have a short video. >> we are at a point today we know women are agents of change. economic and social progress. powerful.
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enjoy your influence around $20 million in purchasing power. increasingly using a power. in the process redefining. >> power, the practical ability to expect change. more satisfactorily want to translate the power. >> it is my duty, obligation and privilege to help other women empower themselves.
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>> we have to develop a cadrea cadre of people around you to face the same challenges you face. nourish her soul group. unlock the unlimited potential. >> the most. >> empowering women to unleash their talent and perspective. >> it is really a formula. and then to connect with others. fast-forward to the world we want. >> i want to begin by
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thanking the john f. kennedy library for hosting. their achievements, power, and purpose. i am thrilled to have a large group of students here tonight. i think that this book has a lot about how you can find your power. it is great to have a youth contention with us. i want to start with you. if you can give us a little bit of background, why did you want to write fast-forward? if you can, tell us the secret for achieving power and purpose. >> before i do that, what to
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say what a privilege it is to be here with you. one of the great journalists of our time. certainly one of the greatest female journalists. i've come to know her for years, but they have reporters i know, young women reporters have told me what it is to work with her and be inspired by her. thank you for that. i also want to mention were introduced 185 their
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history. and in a personal note, is meaningful to come here to the kennedy library. when i was younger than some of the women in this room, she was my inspiration. i often feel the call to public service, not which, not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country really inspired a generation of us. for me to come here tonight and talk about how we can fast-forward, he is so much to do with that. why this book? i have had many years of opportunities to work with women at home and around the
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world. working with the private sector and government and in the nonprofit and the accumulation of experiences i thought were worth sharing. particularly in recent years. spent two generations. i was running an organization. something that came out of the administration that was part of the state department in those years. women around the globe said you can't end this. we need to come together opportunities and possibilities.
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how is raising money for the nonprofit and i went to new york in england and met the young lawyer there was very close to the head of the company's and i started to tell her that companies really, a company like a lot really increasingly should not be doing this kind of work. but as a brand in many ways that have been doing that. she completely agreed. the colleague said to me, my god, she is one of us. and so coming out of the
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corporate legal sector and my efforts in the public sector actually brought several perspectives together, but we were working for the same end. and increasingly doing it not just in the silo but in an integrated way. over those years both of us have met extraordinary people have been part of this. they also did some 60 initial interviews. really understanding with the breakthroughs or have today and that is the predicate for the book all we have a chance today like never before, far more women in positions of responsibility at every
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level, not what we need to get. but in ways that we have come a long way comeau we have a evidence -based case for why investing in women and girls has tremendous dividends for economic and social progress and can talk about that. hello world economic forum many of the companies are producing massive research and data on this. and we can be connected through technological breakthroughs. as you really care about advancing women and girls, not just because it is a women's issue, and it is really an issue for everybody because of what it means, we believe we should seize the moment and fast-forward the progress.
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we understand each other assess power no matter where we sit, find a purpose and then connect with others, there is far more we can achieve and can collectively make an enormous difference. >> one of the things i love by a book is that it is big picture in a lot of ways, but it is filled with wonderful wrenching stories about women around the world and girls. i was very moved and glad he put it near the front of the book. attacks on women around the world but in this case
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specifically acid attacks. >> it's a pleasure to be here. a nerve-racking thing. executive editor of the new york times powerhouse in the region book. thank you for being with us. thank you for putting this book out. that story for me sums of the book. sophie for me change my life. the six -week-old baby had been doused with acid how she was breast-feeding with the money. there was some sort of marital dispute. awoman is come in and want
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to vent the father and the child. melissa no, you can't live with us. came back and threw acid at the mother and child while breast-feeding. the child wanted, loss per year. the company for women in direct selling business of power and women. and i was more into the women's movement. i was not new to these types of issues. but i was invitedi was invited by one of the dr. seuss on the video and
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ocular plastic surgeon operating as a volunteer came across. so it was a whole word: acid violence women. i want to steal a woman's beauty. so disfiguring. he had just come back in this talk about this issue. what does on the image my whole perspective changed i thought, how could this be happening? asix -week-old baby doused with acid and no penalty. i'm away. the perpetrator was just out of about. i felt i could use my
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platform for something. clearly am a lawyer. there has to be something i can do. one thing led to another, but this child, a lot of us to do something and unbelievable figure and he basically galvanized a group of people, whole bunch of surgeons volunteer their time, brought the child of. brought the issue to the un. what was amazing, try to get someone to cover the issue of the un. they cannot give one reporter there. we did give one reporter from new york one. no one interested in the issue. but what happened as a result was little by little
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people came together and we were able to create a center for women. >> a little bit like a precursor of mall all up. what is amazing about to my thought was helping. able to change the laws. significant things happen. all of us go so much more out of it. i thought i was helping her. we talked about the book: you out the data should talk about, but the other thing i
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said in the book, have a meaningful life. use your skills for something bigger than yourself it creates a level of meaning. >> an amazing story. but since you mentioned mckenzie sheryl sandberg some of you know from reading her book lean in, and she is a major executive of facebook, she worked with mckenzie and commission to study on women in the workplace. published in the "wall street journal" some months ago. she pointed out that you
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could send a woman in the space and have her orbit jupiter ten times, return to earth, and it would still take many, many decades for women to achieve parity. they said you grew up in the women's movement virtually. i am very taken by the title of your book. especially because sheryl is making the point that it pays, it seems that almost every arena they're has been a bit of a stall. still 14 women ceos.
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in with the number of women senators you know,know, how can we get it back on track? >> that is part of the reason we wanted to do the book. we know we cannot move forward with the pace we have. it has been the study that says at the rate we have women elected to congress take over a hundred years to reach parity. it is still very hard to get
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through. but in so many places we are plagued by many challenges in the united states as well as women off a journey, and it has to do with a range of challenges including culture, the lack of political will i cani can tell you from my own experiences in this would go and meet so many times have the sense that have an investor from women's issues. how nice and cordial and courteous. issues which were somehow
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not the issues of the day i really wish we could have some time that i would like to talk about how you could grow the economy and create jobs. all the sudden the conversation changed. there was a realization our own interest whether it is growing economies are they more profitable companies women are absolutely essential another country can get ahead of them. >> i mean,, you make the point forcefully that having women in all ranks of an
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organization or company is my business. you tell many success stories. >> it is absolutely true that is what inspires and guides most of us. it is also the smart and strategic thing to do. a lot of the book focuses to win over the skeptics. to really move forward in ways that critically we need to. i was just a study that was released in the last couple days that some representatives that was
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conducted in the situation. there are no surprises. the maternity leave, women still lose $0.23 of every dollar. it is bad enough you don't have that equality the fact that we have so many women workplace today. the great majority in the hodgepodge of childcare.
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clearly we have to do better and we believe our collective action in ways that we perhaps of adaptive before, arming ourselves connecting the new share commitment to progress. that is the hope. >> a unique place and time. it took 70 years to get the right to vote.
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>> explained to the students. >> seneca falls was the 1st large women's convention 1st convention weather talk about having rights. that was the 1st really equal rights convention and i always say that susan b anthony traveled every week giving speeches. getting the right to vote. but the.is that if not as much progress as we would like. but i am optimistic.
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women are actually storming the ranks. most of the decision-making is at that level. we've been stuck for really long time but have never been so close. the 2nd is because we know world leaders not just women were leaders that men were leaders as well never seen in the house power before. they have to unleash the population. the shortest line is the ladies room. the world economic forum.
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>> and were leaders. but the joke is that the shortest line however both are a few years ago. i have to figure out a way. i tell you, have been around a while. in my lifetime the prime minister of japan would come and has a lot to do. but that research is critical. mckenzie just put a report that if you had equal access
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to work environment we can grow gdp by 2020. to that is real money on the table. do you want to give out all that money? was leadership. we have the data. everything our lives is change. she said something that completely blew my mind. think about how radically everything is changing around us.
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transportation is changed. they can do for pretty much anything. we can reset in ways we never been able to. that is why we do believe we could fast-forward, leapfrog, accelerate and change everything. >> anne-marie slaughter is adamant that we can fast-forward unless knew policies and government action is taken. and you have it all around the world and the us flags, things like maternity leave
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and childcare. one of since about your talking about technological change, why are we still on the school calendar? invented for an agricultural economy what will drive the politics to you agree that is a necessary ingredient? sheryl sandberg takes a little bit of a different take and says there are things within women ourselves that are holding us back.
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>> it is really all of the above. government has to be a part of the solution. many of the policy changes to cover large numbers of people who were impacted is going to take government action. several years ago we had the 1st ever childcare. i remember that the 1st lady said we need bob rubin, secretary of treasury and former goldman sachs person to open this conference. when i went to obama said essentially that he said what do i know about childcare. but symbolically was critically important because treasury overseas irs middle income or lower income is
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through the tax system command it was a call to action both in terms of government policy but also in terms of the private sector. they write in the book about the 1st law firm and is providing paid leave, parental leave for his lawyers. in terms of the kind of change they want to say. so private sector government -- >> the problem sometimes policies that some companies do offer and the flavors in yearly for anyone who had a child, but you know, something that a number of
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analysts have pointed out is there is a problem if the policies are seen as created for women in that some companies in worried about staying out of work for a long time. i have policies that menus. >> and in fact we see the world economic forum is discussed, one of the things it does annually is put out a gender gap report. what a reporta report does is look at the gap between men and women.
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closer to being closed by far more economically competitive. going on the shaft the town get better outcomes. consistently at the top of the list of the scandinavian countries have enlightened generous policies. what they have insured is that they take advantage of the policies. >> many menus. >> indeed. and what they also did to ensure that is to basically
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work the policies and away that the fathers had to take a leave also. and what is interesting is -- >> mandatory. >> well, you have to take advantage of the policy. but what is interesting is how many are in the process. our surprising myself. and i think that is part of it as well. it contributes to social good but also enriches life. there is a lot more to life than being a good employee. >> meant have a vital voice. >> indeed. voices are saying today this
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has made our lives that much better. the other thing is these policies are increasingly being seen for the outcomes of producing. we do not have enough experience, but they are doing what was intended ways that create light or social improvement. i think again optimistic no
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11 designed that way. and were at the point we have to think about policies that there are a lot of policies. they see things differently. they don't even see differences in gender. the unusual place in history.
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the new york times a new crop they found that they would be an equal partner in marriage. and found that because at work we have such a 24 seven workaholic culture that it turns out i remember the headline we did not turn out to be the men we thought would be. >> very shorts on why we work labor market.
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can separate out the general. come back after couple years or so and be extremely productive should not be
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penalized. and what you find in some companies, american express, program we interviewed one of the key people them said that she was noticing of the women found much easier to work toward as we consider five. they are not less work, not marginalizing the creating what she calls almost a brain trust the company. r&d and i kinds of things, special for some of the back to working full-time.
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enlightened in terms of women to ramp up for a while and then went back on. we have invested immeasurably. and they make it possible to quickly immersed back in to where they were at accommodate them savanna pull back. one of the problems is not just the lack of relief policy but in many places still in a woman does come back to work chapter quits mommy track so to speak. >> not promoted.
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treated some out differently. a lesser. of time. the company of the farm. it is changing and it is changing these companies are seeing this is in their interest. there is a process. >> a lot of times when we are seeing is there using there power for purpose of redesigning things. led by one. we bring different perspectives. >> tell me. you talk to and spent time with many fascinating women. introduction.
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tell me a little bit about the commitment and the issues. supposedly the 1st. >> right. tell us about that. >> we start with that. >> wonderful. >> i have been lucky to have a friend, i am a generation lines guys. these are people who are using the power. and i don't think i am biased. i feel so much more strongly now because ma to doof me to
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do things on the front of the cameras behind-the-scenes because she really believed that she could use her voice for something bigger. and i think her work is really about the causes. the woman stuck in traffic have been looking for her daughter for five years. and there was a court hearing in the perpetrators were not convicted. it was a dramatic thing and it was upsetting. some kind of conference. and she literally took off her wedding ring. giving you this. and of course see what she doesn't from the cameras she
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is sincere of the work. gina davis, she started the gina davis institute because she felt that the media and particularly hollywood was not really tweeting them equally. >> all chapter about that. one of the things that she found in the research was they only show 70 percent. >> the 70 percent. 70 percent of women. so i think davis is that a lot. but there are so many women in that book. really is what had.
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that is what. everybody has power. have to say sometimes we don't feel we have power. we'll have tremendous power. we can fast-forward. i can assure you that. they are showing us how to do it. the book is the chapter devoted with a said within the companies are a strategic roles they are playing but there's also a chapter. there are so many young
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women in this room for some wonderful stories that would inspire you. there is a company that many may was a certain age me recognize more than others, but liz claiborne was a very big women's apparel company. until a story of a visionary person brian the company was pondering. had make all kinds of cuts. and it was not clear what would be on the chopping block. influence, why the issue
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needed to be tackled. but the fact that one of the grail was about to us was a human rights problem, health problem a serious justice issue but also productivity issue. and laying out the economy is young women elected. she was here. got a meeting with him. passionate about why the company should not let the program go. representing in terms of the general good of society, she
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made her case in such a compelling way as possible. >> if she was. >> incredible influence on the outcome. make a stunning contributions. she was gone out to make her life with another organization. another young woman who created organization. this is a big issue. girls and women going to
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five falling off of interest in science and technology and method engineering. it is really instructive. at some point you see the appreciation. you have something happening roosevelt really inspired to stay in the field. >> there was about ten years ago. the things that the company chose barbie. >> not helpful. >> when you think today that the majority of graduates and undergraduates more
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graduates the pharisees number 20 percent on home. something happens there. created a program she got into a million girls. channel but to make a difference in ways the country's name, innovation. you can be a wonderful person they are very good
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with it. so much of the work in the space, but it was also about everybody else. >> reading what you wrote, distant memory. she called me up and vitamin house. just the two of us because she wanted to showing her support. it meant a lot to me. help her get favorable coverages. it's hard to be the 1st woman. >> the media.
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all his 1st. that was the original, part of the original. and really holding hands. these women work together, government, journalism, come together. but they are also people remember. the strongest motivators, a mother was a victim ofa victim of the holocaust no one issue is going to survive. she came out of the situation as fragile as a humana human being could be and gave birth to a daughter was unimaginable in terms of her condition. the one who is not giving back. i have worked with her several years, deeply
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committed in ways that are profound from several things like desire lagos to designing, the phrase of the lessons of the organization always giving. the strength of women their beliefs are because she understands what her mother was able to do. seeing women globally in the home. ..
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and she remembered the moment when she had her first assignment on the bench. it was not the greatest case. but, she got a note after she wrote her opinion and shepherded this process for the first time in the supreme court. the note came from her colleague who welcomed her as the second female on the bench, but the note was exactly what you described for you, which is basically saying to justice ginsburg, well then, my friend, it may not have been the best case, but you did a great job
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and justice ginsburg says she has now done the same thing with respect to justice so to meyer and justice kagan and it is paying it forward. that is one of the things that has always impressed me. i have been involved in so many programs either in government or outside of government that are mentoring programs where women of great significance and others who may not consider themselves of great significance, but are equally giving have been involved as mentors and each of them has always said the same thing, which is i got far more out of being a mentor than the mentee ever got from me because that giving process, then paying it forward was extraordinarily rewarding and that in substance is what we are trying to convey in the book. >> i also remember the first
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time i was introduced to you, which was at the dawn of the clinton administration in early 1993, there was an-- a women's event for all of the women that president clinton had applied-- had appointed and other prominent women in washington and the headliner at that event was hillary clinton and she wrote a really nice forward about both of you in the book, but the last question i have of where we open it up to our audience is, what do you think of her presidential campaign and what it means and, you know, i might even ask you to predict because she has been a dear
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friend of yours for decades, i know. >> she is really an extraordinary human being and any of us who have worked worth-- with her, for her will always recall those human things that she constantly does when she remembers what matters, but beyond that she's really committed to public service. so many times i have been with her. i had a-- i remember one time we were in austria working with women that were in the soviet union and a group of women came up to her in tears from the ukraine and said please do something the women in our country are disappearing. they are offered good jobs and we never hear from them again and we can get anyone in the government to respond, neither law enforcement, nor the top of the government and yet it's going on and it normally i have
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known many politician or someone in a public position who would hear that and utter some counseling platitude and this was a constant with her. she said what was that about, what is going on. with got to do something about that and what it was was our first beginning of the understanding of this massive criminal network around the world, billion-dollar industry, billions called human trafficking, largely exploiting women, but also children, also men and it was because of her constant joline insane we have got to get to the bottom of this that left two-- led to the first ever study of-- and it was one that the resources were with the cia that was done in conjunction
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to understand what this was and it really was with with the borders going away and with the openness took advantage of the changes that came from that end of the soviet union, but it's a worldwide phenomenon, but i just say that because it's representative of how she sees to really address the kinds of challenges that confronted across the board. >> how did you first meet? she only said in the forward that she has no new for decades. >> the little secret or not so secret is the fact that i was in college with her husband and he used to say to me, for years after you have got to meet hillary coming up got to meet hillary at and i think he sort of sense that maybe we would get along and at the first conversation she was very involved in that children's
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defense fund, the plight of children is a passion of hers. the first time i met with her i think we talked for two hours nonstop and it could have gone on for days. but, i do think that she is a formidable challenge. she is deeply committed. >> you worked for her in the state department. >> i did. i work with her when she was first lady and then i worked with her get in the state department and i have seen her and i have seen the respected that she commands. i have seen the kinds of reaction she elicits. i have seen the seriousness with which people take her and it's so interesting today now that you have got the political campaign going on to hear all of the attacks on her and yet as a senator she crossed the aisle repeatedly. that was one of the constant things would-- one would hear about. well, she is not what we thought she was and work together with
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her colleagues on the other side and as secretary she god's huge huge praise and the desire to be a code collaborator with her form-- from many in the other party who when pushed today they will say things like yeah, we did work together, but that was then. so, i mean, i think as a woman, the fact that we have a formidable woman candidate, highly experienced and committed , speaks volumes and i frankly am happy there is a woman in the republican ways-- race as well because i think there is a lot of talent out there and the other half of our population and it is time and the question one has asked over and over everywhere in the world to an american like me and others who are in these kinds of
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positions is, do you think america will ever have a woman president's because others have managed to do it. [applause]. >> i would love to open it up to your questions and there are microphones kind of towards the back in the two aisles, so if you have got questions about politics or the status of women in this country or around the world, please, don't be shy. you have two fantastic experts here and two women leaders who really know what they are talking about, so, please, approach the microphones.
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>> thank you so much for the sharing of your experience. it was very interesting to hear the many stories that you have told. my question is really based on the future and looking at the milestones that we have to achieve based on current trends whether looking at regulatory or economic or corporate and win in your opinion, what are they and when do you think we can achieve these milestones? >> well, i think some of them clearly had to do with what we know increasingly from the research and data that is everywhere. look at the economy, for example. we know that women much of yours, women who own and run businesses are absolutely critical accelerants to grow
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economies, small and medium sized businesses are with the world bank calls the missing middle. we need them to drive economic growth. if women of the united states were a country, what they are providing to the economy would be almost comparable to germany. that is significant, significant input into the economy and i think there is so much role in that kind of space that would be milestones in terms of a kind of growth, but women face obstacles , access to credit is a huge obstacle. access to markets, to the kind of training and mentoring they need, so we devote time and space in the book to really look at, what are some of the ways
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that those obstacles are now being dealt with that-- whether by governments or by others in the privates sector to-- major companies today, coca-cola, walmart, major major companies have made huge investments in using their supply chain, for example, to buy from women owned businesses or create initiatives to create far more female business owners. they are not doing it for fellow entropic reasons-- scenic they are doing it for the bottom line. >> it's a business investment, but that business investment has huge spillovers in terms of shared value as doctor porter called it. that shared value is lifting up women around the globe who are touched by those programs, so those are some of the kinds of things, you know, when you look at progress into the future,
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those are some of the kinds of things we need to measure and we need to understand what those outcomes have produced and how long it is taking to produce them. >> i think a milestone is having a woman president's fury die will start with that. i think we are ready for it and we need it whether it's hillary, i mean, i am obviously a big believer in hillary as well because i have seen what she will do and what she cares about, so i think we need a woman president, but i also think there are other things that would be big milestones. i really believe the whole world will be designed to technology and so if we don't have women in technology in those fields, we will not be able to have input into the way the future is designed and it's not just about computer science. it's about the design of our future and without women having-- when we were in silicon valley we had a small-- we addressed a whole bunch of people in silicon valley,
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different companies and there was one company very profitable and important that basically had a lunch for us and one of the gentlemen who ran an important divisions that i cannot design products as ortant divisions that i cannot design products as if we were women, as if we were diverse. i need women and diverse candidates or we will lose and not be able to stay competitive, so i think it is the switching of the mindset that everyone talks about as seen this as a competitive issue and so i think a milestone for us will be more women in technology and we have to change. there is a great tour to counter the barbie called goldie blocks, which was put out a couple years ago and for those of you that have not seen fast forward 2015 goldie blocks video released last week, i highly commended. you guys are going to love it. it shows these young women and what they could be in the future.
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it's amazing and i think there is this momentum and the other thing that will be a milestone in this next generation is i think these guys would do things we have not even dreamed of and i think the next generation is hopeful because we are kind of stuck in our own way of thinking and we have been thinking about things in the same way for many years, but these guys are challenged to invent the future. of 40% of the workforce will be freelance by 2020. people don't want regular jobs anymore. so, we can sort of redesign things in these guys can do it for us, so my money's on them. i think they are thinking things we have not even thought of by means there is like a 3-year old kid i was babysitting for and she is literally studying-- she could read, so it's like the rate of acceleration is so fast i don't think we have any idea what's coming, but we have to infuse the right principle. >> it's interesting,

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