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  Peacekeeping Reform and Human Rights Top U.N. Ambassadors Agenda  CSPAN  April 4, 2017 8:20am-9:22am EDT

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>> watch the 15th annual and annapolis book festival live on saturday at 10 a.m. eastern on c-span2's booktv. >> u.s. ambassador to the u.n.
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nikki haley spoke with reporters about her goals for the coming month as she assumes the rotating monthly presidency of the united nations security council. this briefing is one hour. >> first of all -- >> so welcome everybody. i hope you picked up the program of copies at the beginning, when you entered the room. if you didn't, of course the spokesman said office will provide you with a copy of that, and i'm happy to furnish you with one after the meeting. we will send it over to you. ambassador haley, i don't need to introduce a really, you all know who she is in this room is
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unbelievably packed. welcome all. she will begin a press conference talk about the program at work and then once she's wrap that up she will be delighted to take questions from the media out there. so without any further ado, ambassador haley. >> thank you very much. first of all i want to say first and foremost we have been glued to the news and reference to the russian event that happened today in st. petersburg. it's heartbreaking no matter where this happens. it's heartbreaking but when you see innocent lives lost in such a senseless matter, goes back to just enforce why the security council is so important, why what we do at the meditation is so important and what our priority always has to be focused on those issues. our thoughts and prayers go out to those that were lost andnd their loved ones at this time. so i'm going to have to remember and i'm asking that you all
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helped with this is switching on the hat on and off i went isaac udy council president and when i in my national capacity counseling going to try to get used to that if you have any question of which when i'm speaking on, the more respectful and polite when will be the security council president, thet one that is more blunt is goingd to be me. so if you've any doubts. now let's just kind of start with the most important news of the day, and that is south carolina when the basketball tournament last night which i am very, very excited about. proud to say that clemson won the national football say t championship, coastal carolina won the baseball national chairmanship. now south carolina won the national basketball championship. and if that wasn't enough we had the number one golfer dustin johnson is doing a fantastic job as well. so had to put in my south carolina plug. now let's go to the program of work. you'll sadistically the same calendar -- you will basically
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see -- that will stay as is that what you will see is that weth have schematics will be pushing for the first schematic is going to be focused on u.n. peacekeeping.an you've heard me talk about this in terms of a need for peacekeeping reform. i've had numerous conversations with the secretary-general about the need for peacekeeping reform, and the members of the security council have very much talked about how they want to see peacekeeping reform. there is strong consensus on the security council that we need to move forward, and it's, the goal is to be effective and efficient through the process and to make sure we're helping the people on the ground here going back and look at at the mandate to see if theifit actually work, what the political solutions are, other governments working with us in terms of getting the age of the people at how we're going to revise asked it to make sure we're changing with the times. i appreciate the support of the strata council in terms of the fact they are very eager about
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this and want to move forward on that. also to say just in the name of transcript i think it's really important to have as many public meetings as possible. i've always been a transparent -- i think it's better so all but three will be public for anyone to see. that just means in an openl not setting, security council would be speaking but it will allow for an open setting in terms of that and so we will try and maintain as we go through the monthly calendar. the second schematic we going to have is in reference to human rights. as president i strongly believe that if you look at the complex we have in the world, they always go back to the human rights issues on the ground within those countries.n that c and with the security council and the idea that they're looking for peace and secretive for the people around the world, it is incumbent upon us to look at the complex and that human rights related to that conflict. if you are looking at syria and the story of the teenagers andnd
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how that set off so much. if you look at the fruit stand retailer that set himself onfi fire in front of the police in tunisia. if you look at all of these issues, it all comes back to the fact that could we stop that sooner cracks should we call that something sooner? had we done that you can't help but look at syria and say allseo the sinks we could've done prior, had we make sure we don't go through the process again? so it is not intended to in any way call out certain countries or blast them are use this a gotcha game. it is intended to do respectfully what do we need to watch for, what are the issues don't think a conflict?t? how do we allow extremism to come in because of them vulnerabilities of human rights complex? t we think that's incredibly important to you did not see that under program because some of my friends are struggling with the issue still but we do fully expect to have that on the
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18th debate and are working with our friends now to make sure that we can come to a a resolution on that.. thirdly, you will see that we are going to have administrator. will be on the 28th of april. secretary tillerson will become in a talking about about nonproliferation of north korea which is very timely at this time and we would appreciate the councils support in allowing us to put that on to the program of work as well. and then finally we are going to have a middle east briefing that is not going to be so focused on israel and the palestinian authority. we are going to talk about the iranian support for terrorism, this syrian government, hezbollah, lebanon, hamas, all of the other issues that go along with it because we thinkgo they are often ignored and not paid attention to. so that is our goal in terms of the middle east open debate. so i think with that in mind, that covers almost everything i will now remind you that being
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president of the security council is intimidating and it is very busy, and i'm still in learning mode. so we're going to try to handle this and represent as best as we can. we appreciate all of you and your kindness and how you treated me thus far, so now we will open it up -- >> letlet's go to the calendar a little bit in terms of, a little bit more details. unless you guys -- >> we don't need to do that.is >> this is the same thing you see every sql type it if you want me to drag it out i will. >> a lot of you guys are going to get a lot of opportunity. i'm going to do a little dance. anyhow, let's start with sherwin, please. >> ambassador haley, i make a spotter for south african broadcasting and the president of the u.n. correspondent association and we have tradition when we have a press conference welcoming you on the half of your correspondents association, madam president, and as ambassador last week as
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the council of foreign relations you call the democratic republic of congo government corrupt. and said that its citizens can also said the u.n. to its peacekeeping mission was aiding the government that is inflicting predatory behavior against its own people. the monusco mandate was extended by a given what is it the united states voted in favor of that mandate, having sort of implied that the u.n. peacekeeping mission was essentially aiding a corrupt government which was perhaps they are corrupt as well?di could you clarify? >> i think you look at, the success of what would try to go to with peacekeeping, which isis look at the original mandate and see if it is working. the goal with peacekeeping reforms, and you saw this with monusco, is number one, make sure that we ship will resolve, wasn't about more resources, about being smarter with thehero resources. it was about what a going to doo in terms of reporting. there's according to what we can
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look at the contributing countries and see if we are holding them accountable. w the strategic review was her important in september because i think the ideas biblical back and look and see, are we on the right path. so much as his peacekeeping missions i feel like as been people just assume we are always going to be there, but really our goal is to make sure they are working for the people onrk the ground. and so especially with monusco etc so many of the troops staying in the barracks while , whcivilians are being threatened, that's not peacekeeping. that's not what it is supposed to be. so what you saw with monusco is what i hope happens with everything peacekeeping mission going forward, which is saying is the mandate real, something we can accomplish? are we taking into account the political solutions? what will we do with the government don't work with us on o this? and other troops on the ground doing the work they're supposed to be doing to help the people in need? the whole focus will be the people on the ground in need and the recent peacekeeping missiond
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was started in the first place. i think monusco was a greatat first effort. secure to counsel came together on it. i hope every peacekeeping mission can work in the same direction and do well. >> how are you? >> thank you, madam ambassador. on the human rights issue, there's been a lot of media this weekend on the fact that the administration is leaving human rights out of meetings on bahrain, egypt, on other issues. so it seems sort of strange ande interesting that you were here at the u.n. pushing human rights at a time that the administration seems to be backing away. and i wonder if you could comment on that?
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>> i don't think the administration is backing away from human rights because they fully support me speaking about human rights in the securitys at council. what you can look at is with every conflict there are a lot of different elements. our number one priority i am speaking from my national capacity at this point -- the number one priority is to really counterterrorism. when we look at the situation, terrorism in different parts of the world is becoming a huge problem and we want to make sure we are working with as many friends as we can to defeat it but at the same time who want to be very true to our values and we want to stay true to what we believe is important. human rights has long been an important part of what americat believes.t human rights is to meet integral in how a country treats other people and what can cause protests and conflicts and how that can lead on to more serious situations where the extremists can come in and take offense of those vulnerabilities. we believe it's important that
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we talk about human rights and the administration has been very supportive of me talking about human rights. >> matthew, go ahead. you are right there. >> i thought we don't call on matthew? just kidding. >> good one. thanks a lot, and here's a map of the free u.n. -- overvie hopo stakeout, not just after the consultations but as much as possible. >> you will continue to see me.a >> you said maybe the u.n. shouldn't pay peacekeepers if they infuse the people they're supposed to protect. i wanted to know more specifics. would this mean individual peacekeepers that have been found guilty or if the contention has a high percentage of people charged? 25 people repatriated for sexual abuse but they are still there. what would be how you anticipate the u.n. implementing this kind of control? also in your national capacity to think the u.n. secretary should have a freedom of
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information act like duty to respond to request about their spending money to the public which they could even without a vote, just a practice of sayinge you spent should be disclosed when journalists or citizens ask?k? >> so in my national capacity, i would say that i've met with his signature general on multiple occasions to talk about the contributing countries and how we hold them accountable. i think that their intent is always to do the best they can but what we have to do is make sure we have firm reporting on exactly what's happening.ep to both of your points come individually, we need to know what kind of cases are there and how they were held accountable by that contributing country buy also as a percentage with a group, if we see the star to be problem, and i've gone a step further and ask the secretary johnson if we could sit down and talk to those contributeteve a countries. one, it's important for them to know what is expected of them.ec two, i think they should know we will start reporting process
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that we want to engage them on. and then three, what point do we go and move the contributing country because we don't think they're being beneficial to the process. i hope those actions come together to i think that it's usually important in what we're trying to do. i think from the peacekeeping reform standpoint you are going to see this open debate at security council mayor is but it's just the beginning. i hope this is the beginning of many things that we'll start talking about when it comes to true peacekeeping reform. it such a large part of u.n. budget did not really focus on doing that right, is going to bd very important. in terms of foia request, i'm on open as foia request is anyone. i think that, you know, being transparent and allowing information to go out is an important part of the democratic process.to the it's an important part to reporting and michael it's always been not to stand i in te way of that.
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>> richard? >> ambassador i'll begin by using the words you may want to hear in eight years, madam president, i had a question for you -- [laughing]o can still be on the air. two quickies. number one, is a true president donald trump offers you the secretary job? s you can put on your -- and number to them what is the dynamic relationship between you and secretary of state tillers tillerson? it reminds me of 1993 and madeleine albright and warren christopher where you are thealg dynamic u.n. ambassador who speaks freely and openly and can criticize anyone you want, and heaving to secretary of state doesn't care to talk much to the media, et cetera. >> well, first, i think that we need to acknowledge the bit of media that came out in the past couple of days in reference to my role and what i do. it's amazing to every position i've ever had, people have assumed that in looking towardsp
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something bigger. when in reality i am the daughter of indian parents who said to me, whatever you do, be great at it and make sure people remember you for it. that's all unkind to do. that's all i've ever known how to be is to try and just do my job to the best of my ability. and if that comes up a lot, it becomes a strong that's just, you know, i'm one of two brothers and associate my parents raised us all to be strong, and so that's the situation. i think, i'm going to have to go back to what your question was. what was the second part of the question? the secretary of state position, the original call that i received to go to trump tower was to discuss secretar secretaf state. no, he did not offer it. it was the discussion would rather at the time. so when we went in that was the position that we were discussing. and then thirdly, i seery secretary tillerson as a great
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parker we work very well segether as a do with general mcmaster and secretary mattis and secretary kelly. it really is a strong group of people who are committed to results. we all know that we each have a place in terms of this administration, but more important we all know we are working as a team. there are not any dynamics that would portray anything otherer than that. i enjoyed working with all of them and i think they all have a lot to contribute to this administration. i'm just honored to be a part of that team. >> hello, ambassador. i wanted to ask you how you assess your relationship so far after three months with secretary-general and the u.n. tt the u.n. about the trump administration being a risk and a threat to the u.n. from funding concerns from concerns
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of pulling out of the human rights council to not supporting a two state solution and climate change. that?u address of don't know what the perception is. what i would want the perception to the is that we are moving forward with accountability. my job is to show the american people value in the u.n. the way that is important is to change the culture of the u.n. to not be stale, to talk about things we have not always talked about. you look at certain peacekeeping reforms and see if we can do more to help the people on the ground. i know the budget is part of that communication but i can tell you from talking with so many other member states, they are happy we are starting to look at the value of the u.n. there is a role that we can play the need to change with the
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times. to look at how this administration is looking at the u.n., i would say there's data they are looking at it with fresh eyes. where can we see value, where is it not working and what do we want our involvement to be? the goal is i hope you see leadership from the united states. i think it is very important that all member states and know exactly what we are for. know exactly what we are against. when we think something is wrong, we should make it very clear and we should handle it accordingly. that's the way leadership should not just from d.c. that out of new york. >> a few questions from the arab media. >> you are my favorite right now. l hassi.me is salla
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and your different interviews with fox and others. we heard that fighting isis is a priority now. if i give you a list of priorities, can you base these as you see them. fighting against isis is the top. finding a clinical solution to , would you consider cooperating with the syrian regime forces to defeat isis or is that out of the question? >> first of all, all of those are priorities. the white house has made every single one of them is the only one you did not mention was north korea because that is also in that list in terms of that. syria is something we are very concerned about. ssad.ve to no love for a
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we have made that very clear. we believe he is been a hindrance to piece for a long time. he is a were criminal. what he is done to his people is nothing more than discussing. we are saying, how do we now work on this? we see that we also have extremism, isis and try to counter that. we ce romney and influence of that is not helpful. you will continue to see the as it relates to syria. iranian influence and that is not helpful. >> [indiscernible] our goal is to do what we can to defeat isis. our goal is not to talk to aside in doing that -- assad in doing
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that. working in that direction. the administration could think otherwise but right now assad is not our number one person to talk to. we are looking at the geneva talks and being a part of that. >> i am from lebanon. i work for france 24 in france. my question is about the middle east session -- a discussion. you said it is not going to be israel as one of the greatest allies of the united states. , syria, lebanon and hezbollah. and hezbollah, would you expect from the lebanese government and what do you thect from unicef,
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peacekeeping force on the border of israel to deal with hezbollah there. >> our goal with lebanon is our goal with everywhere. had we bring peace and security in that area. had we talk about the peacekeeping mission that is actually productive and working for the people. you can put that in every single region and you can handle the same way. we think lebanon is very important. that is why we want to have that discussed in the middle east briefing. not enough has been put toward some of these other issues. i hope they will talk about hezbollah and what is happening in lebanon and how we can move so we can that region find political solutions. what's to be done with hezbollah? >> we want to get rid of any extremist groups that are there. when we get to that point i will be able to answer that better. right now our goal is to make
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sure we are talking about it and making sure it is more of a conversation. >> cbc canada. >> commonwealth. melissa kent, canadian broadcasting corporation. i know you have spoken about peacekeeping reform and making sure it works on the ground and taking a look at the contribution that are not working and a time to repatriate them. on the flipside i would like to ask you what you expect from countries that are considering contributing to peacekeeping and how should they read the likelihood that the u.n. will need fewer resources in the future? this on adoing case-by-case. i say this in my national capacity, we are at this on a case-by-case basis and that -- and i met with some senators last week to discuss all this and the role of the u.n. and in particular the
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and the senators were very concerned about are we doing enough to help the people on the ground, are being smart about?t? very much what you talk about it, how can we not work just hard about smarter. what help member states will do is embrace the peacekeeping emb reform measures we are trying to include into the new way of looking at this and become a part of the. we want to see member states get more involved in terms of contribution and get more involved entrance of accountability because we thinkt both are extremely important and would welcome that because we're starting to see more and more issues around the world.d. we are starting to see them increase. so any participation by member states we think should be increased. >> a question from a small country called india. [laughing] >> thank you madam president. d. i am from new delhi india.
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i am the diplomatic editor. i'm amazed i your comments the past few days.ed by >> am i not diplomatic enough? >> no, of course. if i could borrow from donald trump is he like you're going to make you an great again, you know? g so i saw your tweet and you said you were trying to make, you name to countries -- president trump and prime minister modi have talked about this and this is a big issue. agree there have been attempts in the past two name terrorists in the eu in this -- in the u.n. list but it is been affected by a veto vote. >> i think the administration is looking at all of these avenues and some of the things we have
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talked about our sanctions and who is on the list and how we have managed to that and that is what we are going to find our place with. we want to make sure we are calling out of those we want to call out. we want to make sure we are leaning towards a result and not sitting back and allowing things to happen. i think you are obviously seeing a more aggressive administration because we feel in order to lead we have to act and in order to act we have to have those conversations with the national security council. as we go for i think you will see just into months a lot of happened and a lot will continue to happen. it is all about how we can move the ball. are we going to have people that the concern issues, yes, but -- that does not preclude the u.s. from acting as that is not preclude that we will try to change that as well. get it done
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separately, then we move in another direction to get the same things done. >> president donald trump has said if china is not going to solve north korea, we will. can you tell us how? and also speaking of human rights, we've been talking in this country a lot about russia's violations of human rights. should we talk a bit more about china's violations of humanon rights backs and on israel-palestine thing that jason greenblatt has been enriching talking about the regional approach rather than israel palestinian first. did that receive any echo, any good reception here at the u.n. with your conversations withnclg colleagues, including the
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palestinian ambassador? >> okay, so -- did you write that down on where he started? i should have something to write -- let's start with president xi. t this visit this weekend will be very, very important. and i think will be important at a number of levels. first and foremost in dealing with north korea. i think the united states isrea. seen china for 25 plus years say that they're concerned about north korea but we haven't seen them at like they're concerned about north korea.ct and i think this administration wants to see them act anything it will pressure them to do that, and hopefully china will respond favorably. that's what we all want. that's the goal of this we can use to make sure that china shows that they're willing tod, act on north korea as we know at the end of the day, the only one that north korea is really going to respond to is china. so that will be obvious a big part and there's obviously a lot of economic things that we need to talk about but i do thinknk
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that the way that we can look a will very much on how that conversation with north korea is.no because that is very front and center. i think the president has made it very clear that he needs to see actions from china. i think that we all hope that it's a good conversation this weekend and we see some real partnership and working together and so we're all looking at a favorably and hoping that's what happens. [inaudible] >> i will not be there, no.as yu [inaudible] >> what was your question on the middle east? y'all are going to have to doo these one at a time. >> so israel-palestine, regional approach as opposed to -- >> i've been in communication with jason a good bit in terms of his workings and dealings in israel and also visiting with the palestinians.palestin i know that we are strongly working towards a peace agreement between the two areas but jason is explored everything.
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again this is all with open eyes to see what we can do, how can we get things done and trying to get both sides to been a little bit. that's been the key is how do we get both sides to bend towards a common good. and jason has done great work with that. i think using shared as the great work done with that under think you'll continue to see the presidents involving hurt my conversations with the representative of the palestinian authority was very much that i told him that wee wanted to move towards them coming to the table. i told him i thought it was extremely important and that our actions were that we were not going to support theions here palestinians actions are at the u.s. until they came to the tip. we need to see some genuine willingness to come to the table. ta period the representative responded very well. it was a good conversation and what i said was we don't want to see any additional measures brought at the u.n. that would bash israel or lift up the
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palestinian authority until we can get these negotiations toese happen. i do think that discussions that have happened at the u.n. have been more of a hindrance towards the peace process that it's been a help. because it's caused offensiveness to happen and that's never healthy for anything. our willingness, support and enthusiasm at seeing an agreement coming from the palestinian authority and the israelis is very important. >> while on the topic of the israeli-palestinian conflict,el take a question from israel maybe. [inaudible]mbassado >> my name is danielle, i work for the jerusalem post. i'm just wondering, you came out very in favor of israel answered what they're going to at the u.n. i know the israelis are very pleased about that but are you worried and put you in aorried t difficult position to eventually tied to mediate between the two? >> i don't worry about thatti because i been honest. that's all i've done is tell the truth.
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so i called it out like i see it and i will continue to do that, but they're still what that does what is he a peace process between those two bodies. i think we all feel like it should happen, it can happen and want to see come together. but no, i don't see any issues with mediating. i think on a truth teller at the end of the day on what i see and what i think is wrong and what i think is right. i will continue to do that.d >> we have a palestinian in the room as well, so let's hear from you. >> thank you. i am from the arabic daily and i have in fact, many questions. >> can we -- >> it's a big world. [inaudible] >> just announced building a new settlement, not expanding the old one, and i didn't hear any comment from your side on that. second -- >> i will tell you the answer ta that is that we have said that
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we do not think it's helpful to continue with settlement expansion. and i did read something wherere netanyahu is trying to roll that back so that that's not an issue. my hope is we have willingness from both sides coming together to really allow for that conversation to take place, but we've been very clear that we don't think it's helpful at this time and would like to see a pause on that. >> one more thing. 50 years of occupation -- >> we have to go. you asked a question. russia, olga. >> thanks, ambassador. my name is olga. i'm with the russian news agency and i just two questions on syria. next week according to the program secret accounts will have a meeting on political issues. so how do you assess where the parties of the conflict now after all these meetings continue in geneva? the second question, the secretary of state last week in
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opera said the future of assad is up to seeing people to decide. so does it mean that use will accept the participation of assad in interactions? thank you. >> no, it doesn't mean that the u.s. will accept it. it's that we don't think people want assad in a market we don't think that is good to be summoned that the people want to have but we continue strongly condemn the actions of assad and what he is done, and he continues to be directly on our radar in terms of what he does w as well as the russian and iranian support of assad is concerning to us because when he is doing these things, he shouldn't be praised. he should be called out and as we think is very important. what was the other question? [inaudible] >> the political process. so we very much dash bu -- i ths amazing the complexities that he's been having to deal with and the way that he is handled
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it. h i think i met within two to three times now to discuss how that political situation is going and it's why we think the geneva talks are so important is because we do think that we forge new ground at the we can start to at least analyze againi where the training is going to be and how we're going to handle things in syria. [inaudible] >> thank you madam president. i just want to -- [inaudible] how do you -- the work of the secretary-general in terms of the peacekeeping operations reform of the united states? >> the secretary-general has been wonderful to work with. we have a very good, strong
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relationship. he has been very supportive in the peacekeeping reforms. one, because he is reform minded himself. we disagree on how things need to happen. so i feel like we work together as opposed to me sing what i enhancing what he thinks. we actually think very much alike. so i've enjoyed my workings wit. him on that. we are also talked about other reforms, management reforms that we think could be helpful and ways to make the united nations stronger and smarter in the way that it conducts itself, and so i support everything that he is doing and we continue to meet or talk once a week at least and we will continue to do that going forward. >> pakistan. >> thank you very much. madam ambassador, i represent the newspaper of pakistan. as you know that india and pakistan have been -- on kashmir issue. and recently more than ever
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before their human rights abuses in occupied kashmir, even when prime minister modi went the day before yesterday to meet withay the whole of kashmir valley shutdown.ou, ca can united states make any effort to get these two together to talk peace? because india does not want to have interlocutor pakistan agree to an interlocutor but accept yes this as interlocutor or any of the company but india -- what you think you can do to bring these two enemies together? >> i think it's absolutely right and this administration is concerned about the relationship between india and pakistan, and very much wants to see how we a the escalate any sort of conflict on forward. so i would expect that the administration is going to be in talks and try and find its place to be a part of that.
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we don't think we should wait until something happens. we very much think that we should be proactive and the way that we're seeing tensions rise and complex started bubbling into what is if we can be a pat of that. i think that will be something that you will see members of the national security council to speak in it also would be surprised if the president participate in that as well. >> madam ambassador, just background palestine israel for a moment. seeking of a more precision. the president said he would like to see israel slow down a little bit on settlements. do you believe that the month or so since he said that has shown a slowdown? what would you like to see in terms of actions of israel to pave the way for talks? >> i think the settlements thatk
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have happened up until now wereh in response to resolution 2334 and israel is going to move forward and do those things. what we've said is that let's not do any new settlements be we don't think that's supportive of the peace process. we want to see a pause on additional settlements and find a way we can get those two to the table. so the fact that they talked about new settlements and thehe fact that netanyahu said that they'rthere trying to be respono us in polling goes back, i think is a site of the fact that the israelis are trying to be conscious of what were trying to do. and i think the palestinians are showing signs that there trying to be supportive of one who tried to do.ying we will continue to be aggressive on that. you see that whether it is people traveling to the area or whether it's who they are as guests who come to d.c. but our focus is to keep strong communication with both parties to make sure we get to the table and we can start negotiating. .. otiation.
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>> evelyn? hello everyone. leopold, huffington post contributor. on the human rights council, is the united states going to stay in? because they don't just allegedly bash israel, they bash a lot of other countries. that is the purpose of it. amb. haley: what we are looking at is, what does the human rights council do well? what does it not do well? what would the united states want to see to continue to participate? i will be going to geneva in june and will be having this conversation is in terms of what add ald like to see a decision about the human rights council will be made after that at some point. we are wanting to give them a chance to actually see if they can fall into line with something we could be a part of. that could be my
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if they don't want to commit that will be our answer and if they do, hopefully we can work towards positive changes in the human rights council. >> npr?have a >> thank you, jonathan. ambassador, i have a questionn regarding syria. we know that political talks will be going on between the rebels can the so-called moderate rebels and the assad regime. al qaeda and isis are really the good fighters have worked with rebels. i was just wondering, how can a peace agreement really be reached we only have two parties and what is going to happen to al qaeda and isis is only the two sides reach an agreement here's >> there are no easy answers in syria.
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you can't have black-and-white answers either. we are dealing with different personalities. we are dealing with different goals and political wills and we are dealing with the fact that there is just terrible human atrocities that are happening on the ground. so there is no easy answer at that. what we are doing is trying to look at the political nature of what's happening, deciding who our allies are for going to be in deciding what we need to combat basis because that is a huge priority of ours and then will go forward. that's still happening. is trying to figure it our place in sierra is happening in those talks are ongoing now and the u.s. very much wants to play a role in bringing peace to the area and i think we will play a role. >> managed media, please. >> thank you by much goodes. mercedes sierra from spain.
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i urge you, madam ambassador saying you are by the white house and you are working as ate team.am. on the outside, we see also what you are pushing human rights issues at the u.n., president trump said this morning, for instance doing a fantastic job. i heard this saying about erdogan from secretary tillerson, undermining the climate change agreements that the u.n. has pushed forward. the budget is also cutting $1 billion in support of the peacekeeping troops. so how do you fix these issues?s >> you know, america is the country that has always prided itself on valuing all lives into making sure that human rights is always a part of the conversation.no that is not going to change.
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when you have different situations that you have to wory with certain countries, sometimes you have to go and work with them, but you also say look, we don't like which are doing on the human rights level. we cannot both those conversations.s.conv it is not one or the other. it happens in the past is neither say this is a friend or not a friend. right now an issue seeking a friends on, we are going to. we are not going to stop talking about human rights as a very important part of what happensan once the united nations which is hugely important and what happens in the international community as it relates to conflict. i don't see us at odds at all. i see us talking about topics of the day and what's important.fi a lot of people try and find issues at the white house is very supportive of us talking about human rights because theyi do value that in their supportive because they do know this issues out there. desperate men -- that doesn't
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mean an outgoing to talk to egypt or saudi arabia or certain actors.. at the end of the day, we all want to fight any sort of isis, any type of extremism that's out there. we are going to play with whoever we need to play with to defeat it, but we're not going to stop calling people out when we see something wrong. i think we've been very consistent and will continue to be consistent.bu if the president says somebody is fantastic, fantastic at what? he wasn't talking about human rights. he didn't say that. there's a reason he didn't say that. those are conversations we havee as well. that's what you do with friends. on climate change, i can tell you the focus of this administration very matches we don't want to do anything that is going to hurt our business lives. we can walk a fine balance between making sure you are in the environment and also making sure you are creating a strong economy that allows businesses to function.
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we think that talents can be yol had. what you saw with the president and what he did if he felt like the previous administration went too far with regulations and to find what they were doing against businesses and he's just trying to balance that back out. >> ambassador haley, cbs news. to follow up on the non-proliferation in north korea. you have the secretary of state, rex tillerson coming here. obviously some things that have been in mar-a-lago. but you expect the security council to do more north koreaen to stop north korea given then fact no one has stopped north korea yet? and what other headstones or minister level people do you hope to come to that meeting on the 20th? >> well, a lot will happen on what happened now between the end of the month.
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with the conversations we have been with the decisions that china will make, that will really spell out where these united states wants to go. in the security council standpoint, we're looking for foreign ministers to come because north korea is an issue. it's a threat. any given day we wait on another ballistic missile test and our goal is to say what we have to do to stop them and there is well on the security council that has been very supportive of the fact this is a problem.of ef we do need to talk about it in terms of what are we as a counselor going to do to deal with north korea and how do we push that forward. because many foreign ministers to come as possible. it's a serious conversation that secretary tillerson wants to have an extremely timely for everything going on. >> the u.n. published a report about so many countries skirting sanctions.s. 300 pages worth. how did you expect to follow that up? >> i think it's very important that it will be followed up this
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weekend with the president, with president trump and president xi jinping that china could be fully imposing sanctions and that's obviously what we want to see. all the other member states as well. s all we need to start than do with the security council is going to happen and we need to get more activity from member states outside the security council to also be a part of this we can talk with one voice. so i do think secretary tillerson's briefing will be very much after all these things have taken place and that will dictate how the briefing goes from there. >> can i do a follow-up on that? lenaudible] >> ronde, don't impose yourself on this. let's be fair to everybody. >> thank you. [speaking in spanish] my question is on libya. the u.s. is planning to act within the u.n. security council
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on this equation in libya andn the crisis. >> how is the security council going to act? >> u.s. coming u.n. securityty e council. >> we are figuring out how we can list the people back up the peaceful protest in libya and the response of the government and how that led into the conflict we saw. and why we think that is so important. in reference to libya, make sure a strong political solution that extremism is not part of the product we are looking at and this is again another thing the united states will have to lookf at in terms of how we respond to that. all of this is still a work in progress.. t >> we only had time for tumor questions. >> ambassador come the race basketball in the beginning.
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it reminded me of something onee of your predecessors said.ld' it is a bit like madison square garden when the next lives. i wonder what your early impressions. do you see the u.n. as he sat tight institutional inertia and a loaded bureaucracy where do you see people continually reported are the divisions between member states. >> i have been very -- i have been surprised by the united nations. i've been surprised in some ways where i think the focus has been just so misguided in certain issues like the israel and palestinian authority. i can't believe they've been discussing not every month ofye every year for the past 10 plus years.s. that was surprisingly when you have issues in the middle east that need to be talked about. i've been pleasantly surprised at the kindness and respect here at the united nations. he very much the country send
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their best and brightest year and it all in the name of really wanted peace and security in thp world.eace and i love that. i love that set the original intent is and what they are trying to do.. but you do see at the united cu nations have any hear me talk about china changing the culture, only because of what is happening is the same thing that happens to every organization. they get stale over time. they spend more time talking than last time acting. we are just trying to remind them that actions is the goal of the security council and the united nations and action stores the greater good is default and make sure we are showing value. united nations for a long time has not made to have it in old habits sometimes are hard to break. i see a lot of support breaking this habit. whether it's how much they focue on israel or the fact we want to get away to more actions. the fact how they came together with nabisco and really started
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to peacekeeppeacekeep ing reform process in a way that wasr the productive or the fact we are hopefully going to see human rights on the debate as well. i do think that there is value that i am determined to show from the united nations. but in order to do that, everyone has to participate. member states have to be a part of the changing culture andss changing process. if we do that, there is no end to it this united nations can de because it is a great place of diplomacy even though some of us are not as diplomatic as others. but it's also a place we can come together in a room and talk about issues without there being so much pressure of what's going on in the region. >> she was so something can not win. margaret, we can take a questiou on you. that should wrap it up. >> thank you him ambassador. a margaret to share with voice of america. a slightly different variation on next question. you said a lot about what you
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don't think works at the u.n..n. could you tell us what you think does work and is there any area of the organizations that escape from budget cuts from thisfrom administration? budget >> there's a lot of fear is thau the u.n. and that's why talked about diplomats sent here from other countries and howw impressed i am with them and their willingness and care and believe to do good. so it's not the people i think you are dealing with all the right elements. if the actions we are trying to change. i think if you are dealing withh these people, there's conversations we need to have that we are not having, so we will start having us. i see nothing but support from other people saying we do need to do this going to start acting more and talking about names and not have the same talking points. i see a lot of opportunities here at the u.n. i know everyone wants to focus on the budget, but you have to understand the budget discussion was bigger than just the numbers
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you want to talk about. the budget discussion with the fact the united states wants to put the military first, strengthening the military when it's been so depleted over the years is something the president wants to see. the second thing the president wants to see if anything else that they are, are we finding value in it? how can we make it work? if they look at the united nations, i don't see that as a threat at all. i see that is asking for accountability and more things to change. all of that's doable at the united nations. all of that is possible as we see that whether it's the peacekeeping reform, and affiliate israeli report that came out last week and the fact that came down pit we see that with the way the security council is adapting the program moving forward. we see that overwrought and energies and anxious as an accountability that we've yeller states want. so we are going to continue moving in that direction and i
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am constantly in contact with members of congress who want to see the same thing. they want to see value in the u.n. they want to know that we are not just constantly being pushed around in the u.n. and that we are actually valued for being the host country and valued for what we try to bring and that we do give a lot of money to the process and the international gf community as a whole. no one wants to be taken for granted. i don't think that's too much to ask. it's just saying are we appreciated and if we are, hownd to give it to where it works better for everybody and that's the goal is not the one we'll achieve. >> midvale and arrow and thenn ambassador has been meeting up for clot issues got to hightail out of here. >> thank you, not an ambassador. you have been talking about iran and iranian influence in syria and the middle east and since day one actually you mentioned iran and europe first in the
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u.n. i would like to know if there is any action you are planning to take on this. you have a lot of tools in the security council on terrorism, iran, yemen, syria, et cetera. are you planning to do a certaio action, take a certain step in this regard or how would you translate your position on iran? >> i mean, i have always been clear at least it ain't on what iran is definitely the main state sponsor of terrorism. it's something we find is a problem in every area they try to put their influence. so that is something we want to deal with.h. as a national debate on these issues than go through thesen issues, we will deal with iran in different ways in different places. the goal is very much of it that influence out of the way. we don't see a project if you don't see helpful and we see it harmful to the world did a science that is happening, we'll continue to call them out and show where and when they are
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being attacked your mother would also look at what actions we can do to change that behavior and get others with us on our sitese that collect late turns iran. >> herald, last question, please. >> thank you very much. ambassador healy, the western balkan media is here for quite some time. my question is we've heard you talking very clearly on the sanctions tuesday. however, i would like to hear from you recently just a coupley days ago, the u.s. senate proved the support for montenegro for nato. i would like to hear your thoughts on that and also positioned to update the opposition on kosovo and also -- would you like -- are you going to attend u.n. security meeting thound the coast of though on
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the agenda as your predecessors mainly absent on those. >> will get you questions to all those answers. jonathan is going to take care of it. thank you very much. we appreciate it. >> this morning, the head of u.s. strategic command testifies on russian and chinese nuclear threats and defense budget issues. we will join live coverage of the senate armed service committee at 9:30 a.m. eastern on c-span 3.
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>> now, debate from the senate floor as members declare whether they will suor