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tv   U.S. Senate U.S. Senate  CSPAN  March 21, 2018 2:59pm-5:04pm EDT

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vote:
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vote:
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the presiding officer: is there anyone wishing to vote or to change their vote? if not, on this vote the yeas are 21. the nays are 78. three-fifths of the senators
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duly chosen and sworn not having voted in the affirmative, the motion is not agreed to. the point of order is sustained, and the amendment fails. the senator from oregon. mr. wyden: mr. president, i ask unanimous consent to speak to the body for one minute. the presiding officer: is there objection? without objection. mr. wyden: mr. president, could we have some quiet here. the presiding officer: the senate will be in order. the senator from oregon. mr. wyden: mr. president, it is clear, in my view, that when colleagues face so much political head wind that they don't feel comfortable supporting something i know they all believe in very deeply -- i
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believe every senator believes that there ought to be real money to go after sex traffickers. so i've spoken to colleagues on both sides of the aisle, and they have taken a real pounding on these amendments. my sense is that there would also be opposition to what i think is another practical, good idea, which is the good samaritan amendment. and because, mr. president, as i stated, i anticipate having to turn back to this topic in short order after the effects of this bill become clear, i am going to save this topic for a vote at that time. and i would ask consent to
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withdraw amendment numbered 2122. the presiding officer: is there objection? without objection, the remaining amendment is withdrawn. mr. wyden: with that amendment having been withdrawn -- the presiding officer: the senate will come to order. the senator from oregon. mr. wyden: mr. president, with that amendment having been withdrawn, i would ask unanimous consent that there now be two minutes for debate, for debate equally divided prior to the vote on passage. the presiding officer: is there objection? without objection.
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who yields time? a senator: mr. president. the presiding officer: the senator from ohio. mr. portman: mr. president, i strongly urge my colleagues to join using in supporting this legislation. most of you are cosponsors already. it strikes the right balance. it does allow victims to get the justice they deserve. it allows us to hold these evil websites accountable through prosecution. the presiding officer: the senate is not in order. mr. portman: while at the same time protecting the free and open internet. i would like to yield to my colleague, senator blumenthal. mr. blumenthal: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from connecticut. mr. blumenthal: thank you to my colleague, senator portman, for his hard work. when we began this legislation, no one gave us a chance because of the entrenched and powerful interests against us. this measure will unlock the courthouse doors to survivors and to law enforcement who can stop sex trafficking, a scourge
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-- modern-day slavery in this country. i thank so many of my colleagues for cosponsoring it and for helping to lead this effort, which will make a difference in the lives of countless young girls and women -- and men -- who are victims and survivors. thank you, mr. president. mr. wyden: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from oregon. and the senate will come to order. the senator oregon. mr. wyden: as stated several hours, a i stand firmly with colleagues who believe more must be done to fight the scourge of sex trafficking and particularly put these monsters behind bars. the bill before us, in my view, takes a flawed approach. what's going to happen is the criminal sex trafficker is going to head towards the dark web. this is a place you cannot access with the traditional search engine. it is going to be harder when
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they are in the shadowy corners of our country of the internet in order to prosecute them. it's also going to chip away at the foundation of the net that is so important for vulnerable people. it's why the human rights campaign fund has made it clear that they are opposed to the bill. we shouldn't be putting at risk vulnerable groups and small start-ups. given that, i believe that this bill, which will clearly pass, will be something the united states senate will come to deeply regret. i'll be opposing the bill. the presiding officer: the senatothesenator from's time ha. the clerk will read the title for the time. the clerk: h.r. 1865, an act to amend the communications act of 1934 and so forth and for other purposes. the presiding officer: question now occurs on passage of h.r. 1865. mr. wyden: i ask for the yeas and nays. the presiding officer: is
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there a sufficient second? there appears to be. the clerk will call the roll. vote:
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vote:
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the presiding officer: on this vote the yeas are 97, the nays are 2. the bill is passed. mr. mcconnell: mr. president. the presiding officer: the majority leader. mr. mcconnell: i ask unanimous consent the senate proceed to executive session for the en bloc consideration of the following nominations, executive calendar 596 and 671. the presiding officer: is there be objection? without objection. the clerk will report. the clerk: nominations, department of the treasury, david jay ryder of new jersey to be director of the mint, financial stability oversight counsel, thomas e. workman of new york to be a member. mr. mcconnell: i ask unanimous consent that the senate vote on
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the nominations en bloc. that if confirmed, the motions to reconsider be considered made and laid upon the table, en bloc, the president be immediately informed of the senate's action, no further motions be in order and any statements be printed in the record. the presiding officer: without objection. the question is on the nominations en bloc. all in favor say aye. opposed. the ayes have it. the nominations are confirmed en bloc. mr. mcconnell: i ask unanimous consent the senate resume legislative session for a period of morning business with senators permitted to speak therein for up to ten minutes each. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. mcconnell: i ask unanimous consent the judiciary committee be discharged from further consideration of s. res. 438 and the senate proceed to its immediate consideration. the presiding officer: the clerk will report. the clerk: senate resolution 438, commemorating the 150th anniversary of the university of california. the presiding officer: without objection, the committee is discharged and the senate will proceed to the measure.
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mr. mcconnell: i further ask the resolution be agreed to, the preamble be agreed to, and the motion to reconsider be considered made and laid upon the table with no intervening action or debate. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. mcconnell: now, mr. president, i ask unanimous consent that when the senate completes its business today, it adjourn until 10:30 a.m. thursday, march 22. further, that following the prayer and pledge, the morning business be deemed expired, the journal of proceedings be approved to date, the time for the two leaders be reserved for their use later in the day. finally, i ask that following leader remarks, the senate be in a period of morning business with senators permitted to speak therein for up to ten minutes each. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. mcconnell: so if there is no further business to come before the senate, i ask that it stand adjourned under the previous order, following the remarks of senators grassley, durbin, lee, and sasse. the presiding officer: without objection.
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mr. sasse: mr. president. the presiding officer: the senator from nebraska. mr. sasse: mr. president, yesterday, at the white house, two terrible things happened, and it shouldn't be difficult to condemn both of these things at once. first, at the mode yum in the white house press room, it was suggested that the u.s. government is unsure if putin's reelection was perhaps legitimate, free, and fair. or perhaps the u.s. is morally indifferent to the question of whether putin's reelection was
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fair, free, and legitimate. it was not fair or free or legitimate, and it matters. the second horrible thing that happened yesterday is that the president's confidential briefing materials for his call with vladimir putin were anonymously leaked to the public. that should not happen. the president's call, congratulatory call, was terribly ill-advised, but that doesn't change the fact that the leaking of the confidential briefing materials for his call were also wrong. it shouldn't be difficult to say both of these things. they're both true, so we should be able to say both of them at once. our people are very divided right now, mr. president. they're unclear about who we are and how we conceive of ourselves on the global stage. our tribalism has run amok. if you listen to some of our cable news today -- i haven't, but i suspect that what you
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would find is that on certain networks, there is only discussion of the leaking and no discussion of what a terrible abandonment of american foreign policy yesterday's failure to condemn putin's phony sham reelection was, and on the other networks, i imagine you're going to get exactly the opposite story, where the only thing that matters is how stupid this call was to vladimir putin and nothing about the leaks. that isn't helpful for building a nation of 320 million people who know what we stand for together. here's what's true. a president's staff shouldn't leak. in cases of principle, you may need to resign, so resign. do the right and honorable thing if you believe your conscience is compelled to do so, and resign your position and go out and publicly make a case for why a certain policy is failing. but that's a different thing than anonymously leaking the service that a president has. not just this president but any
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president has to make his or her decisions, to deliberate with their staff, to plot their actions. leaks like this weaken us, both at home in terms of public trust in our institutions and our public servants, and they weaken us abroad in terms of whether or not we have any coherence to who we are as a people and how we make our decisions. but now, as to this decision to fail to condemn putin's sham reelection, it's very foolhardy. vladimir putin is not a friend. vladimir putin is a despot. the president of the united states was wrong to congratulate him, and the white house press secretary was wrong to dump -- to duck a simple question about whether or not putin's reelection was free and fair. it was not. the american people know that. the russian people know that, and the world knows that. and yesterday, when the white house refused to speak directly and clearly about this matter, we were weakened as a nation and
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a tyrant was strengthened. around the world, there are two great symbols of america from this city. the first is the dome of the capitol in which we stand. this building testifies to the strength of our self-government and to our belief in inherent human dignity. but the other symbol that comes from this city that's known around the world is the podium in the white house press room. tucked into a small room and surrounded by members of a free press, it is simply the free world's biggest megaphone. it symbolizes americans' commitment to the universal dignity, not just of 320 million people, the citizens of this country, but to 7.6 billion men, women, and children across the globe. speaking clearly about tyrants is one of the things that we do. it is not seeking monsters to
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destroy. for more than 200 years, the american people have clearly understood this. for more than 200 years, administrations of both parties have clearly understood this. at times in the past, previous administrations have made mistakes. they have split hairs, they have smoothed edges, they have dodged, they have hedged. but what happened yesterday at the podium in the white house? the dodge on putin broke with the basic american moral tradition. it broke faith with our core values. it broke trust with freedom seekers across the globe. this very day, there are dissidents all over the globe struggling against totalitarian regimes in darkness, and to them, america has always said and america still says we see you, we stand with you. we may make long and deliberate
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decisions about how we engage in the world and about what particular commitments are prudent to exercise at different times with different allies, but we have always spoke unequivocally about the universal dignity of 7.6 billion people. to those who struggle, we have always said we see you, and we stand with you. these simple truths matter. the moral responsibilities of the office of the presidency matter, and when we don't affirm these basic truths, it is a failure to who we are. it is a failure to do what we do, and it is a betrayal, not just to the millions of people who are denied free and fair elections in russia this week, but it is a failure to people all across the globe who are struggling in darkness against tyrants. each and every member of this senate, all 100 of us, was elected in the kind of free and fair election that vladimir
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putin fears, the kind of election that he would not win. vladimir putin is a coward. vladimir putin is a despot. just this month, vladimir putin tried to assassinate a political dissident and his daughter on nato soil in the u.k. and given that we have taken an oath in this body after our free and fair elections to uphold and defend the constitution, given that, we ought not in this body find it difficult to say basic true things like we condemn leaks by the president's staff against him. we also condemn vladimir putin's sham election. we condemn a russian despot that aims to make soviet tyranny great again. i yield back.
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mr. durbin: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from illinois. mr. durbin: mr. president, i rise to speak in morning business and ask unanimous consent -- the presiding officer: without objection. mr. durbin: mr. president, back in 1985 i was a second-term member of the house of representatives and a member, i was proud to say, of the house appropriations committee. the committee chairman was a man by the name of jamie whitley. he was from the state of mississippi. he was a mississippi democrat. yes, there used to be mississippi democrats. jamie whitten had been a witness to a great deal of american history. he was on the floor of the house as a newly minted congressman from mississippi. on december 8, 1941, when franklin roosevelt delivered his day of infamiliary speech. here i was speaking to this same man 44 years later, and i was a junior member of his
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appropriations committee. i knew that aopenings pros under the house rules had several -- i knew that appropriations under the house rules had several members that were represented on the budget committee. so one day i went to chairman whitten from mississippi and suggested to him that i would want to be on the budget committee on the slot reserved for appropriations members. chairman whitten looked down at me and he said, why do you want to be on the budget committee? i said, well, i think it's good because the budget committee makes the spending decisions and blueprints that appropriations and other committees follow. he kind of set back in his chair and chairman whitten said to me, well, if you want to be on that committee, you can be on that committee, but i want you to remember one thing -- the budget committee deals in hallucinati hallucinations and the appropriations committee deals in facts. i'll never forget that exchange. i served on the budget committee, and again in the senate on the same budget
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committee, and have come to believe that chairman whitten was not that wrong in his conclusion. i call that whitten's law. it remains one of the most important lessons i've learned about the federal budget. but i learned other lessons from mississippi politicians and one of them is a man by the name of thad cochran, my colleague from the state of mississippi and one of my friends. he cochairs the defense appropriationdefenseappropriatih me. i s'thouldn say "cochairs." thad cochran has taught me and many others about the federal budget and public service. he's man of humility and integrity, a man of his word. he is a conservative republican who values principled cooperation over pointless confrontation. he prefers common ground to scorched earth because he knows it's better to build on. senator cochran and i have
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served together in the senate for more than two decades. for much of that time, we've both been on the senate appropriations committee. he's been the committee's rank member and chairman twice. i can only think of a time or two when he and i disagreed so completely hon an issue that we found ourselves unable to find that principled compromise. some may call that old school. i call it leadership in a representative democracy. senator cochran's skill as a negotiator has served mississippi and the united states exceedingly well. he's helped keep his state and our nation strong and safe and economically sound. in a time that increasingly prizes quick profits and short-term commission, thad cochran has helped to protect and increase america's investments in scientific, technological and medical research. that is a proud part of the legacy that he leaves. his voice is calm and quiet, but
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don't be fooled. when it comes to protecting the interests of his state or hesitation, he is tenacious. that was never more apparent than the weeks and months following hurricane katrina in 2005. senator cochran helped secure appropriations that enabled thousands of homeowners in mississippi to rebuild after their insurance companies turned them down. as the former chairman and now ranking member of the aappropriations committee defense subcommittee, i worked closely with senator cochran to protect critical national security priorities in my state illinois and he's worked hard for his state. behind every senator, of course, are hardworking staff members, without whom we could not do our jobs. senator cochran's personal staff and his committee staff are first-rate public servants. i want to thank them, too. they have a been part of a winning team with senator cochran. their hard work and loyalty on his behalf and on behalf of the senate has served this nation well. i wasn't surprised the other day
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when i learned that senator cochran had been an eagle scout. i was surprised to learn, however that's correct once failed in pursuit of a boy scout merit badge as a young man. he learn add lesson from that experience that he said has stayed with him all his life -- always be prepared. thad cochran $'s adherence to that lesson, his skill as a negotiators and deep integrity are qualities we would all do well to emulate. i thank senator thad cochran and wish him all the best as he departs the senate and thank him for his service to mississippi and america. mr. president, i ask unanimous consent to enter into a separate part of the record the following statement. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. durbin: thank you, mr. president. last week, mr. president, congresswoman louise slaughter of new york passed away after representing the row chester area of new york for more than three decades. she was tough, unfailingly gracious, and wonderfully effective in helping people throughout her life.
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louise carried titles you don't see often around here. she was the congress' only microbiologist. she was also a blues and jazz singer as well. she was a fighter first and foremost, earning respect of their colleagues, even those who disagreed with her. she hailed from harlan, kentucky, the daughter of a blacksmith. louise could trace her lineage to the legendary daniel boone. she went to the university of kentucky to study microbiome j.i. gee and to honor her sister who passed away due to pneumonia at a young analyst louise went on to serve in the monroe county legislature before joining congress in 1986 to represent the rochester, new york, asian which includes the area around the historic seneca falls
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convention. she was only one of 29 women in congress when she first arrived and quickly became a trailblazer for the american worker and woman. louise coauthored the landmark violence against women's act in 1994, curbing domestic violence and aiding its victims of she helped shepherd the affordable care act through congress as the very first woman to chair the house of representatives rules committee. her storied career has included defending her constituents against big business and bringing national attention to pressing medical issues. she introduced the first legislation barring genetic discrimination in 1958. it fine aally became law in 2008. she introduced a bill to fight drug-resistant bacteria. president obama incorporates parts of her plan to identify super-bucks and increased funding for new antibiotic into the administration's new initiative to encourage the responsible use of antibiotics in livestock.
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she also introduced the first bill to ban insider trading by members of congress. she did all of this and some of it controversial and still won the respect of her colleagues. i worked with her on many projects from the bicameral high-speed and inner city passenger rail kaw douse demanding the supreme court adopt an ethics code. it was not a co-inks dense that on the day the news of her passing broke, the words "nicest" and "rochester" were trending on twitter in washington, d.c. she was smart and kind and always funny. sheila be missed by her colleagues, friends, and family, including her three daughters megan, emily, amy, rob inand seven grandchildren. and one great-grandchild henry. louise was a great congresswoman. i am going to miss her as a colleague and a friend. mr. president, i ask consent that the following statement be
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placed in a separate part of the record. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. durbin: mr. president, there is a crisis that we face in this country involving daca. it is a crisis created when president trump announced thent of the program on september 5 of last year and gave us a deadline of march 5 of this year to come up with an alternative. many of us, including self, battled -- including yourself, battled migily too that. we never could come up with a proposal in which the president accepted. as a consequence, the destiny of these daca recipients is uncertain. they are now temporarily protected by an injunction from two different federal lawsuits, an injunction which could end in a matter of weeks or months. in the meantime, their status so uncertain that it's difficult for them to make plans for their lives. that's where we are today. daca has been a huge success. it is a program designed to give
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those brought here as children, toddlers, and infant an opportunity to become part of america and an opportunity to become citizens one day. daca was an executive order of president obama, which president trump has now abolished. there is no protection other than the court injunction for those who are facing the end of daca. yesterday i convened a meeting with some of my senate colleagues with the secretary from the department of homeland security, kirstjen nielsen. shire's what we learned. as of yesterday, more than 35,000 daca renewal applications are pending because of these court orders. while pending renewal applications, 10,000 were from recipients of daca whose protection had already expired. tens of thousands more dreamers have daca protection due to expire soon. around 13,000 daca permits could expire in march, another 5,300 in april and nearly 14,000 more
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in may. understand what happens when a person is protected by daca and loses that protection. technically they can be deported. in addition, they cannot legally continue to work in the united states. there is some good news, though. secretary nielsen promised me that the department of homeland security will not deport any daca recipient with a pending daca application, even if their daca status has expired. i thank her for that commitment and i intend to held her to that commitment. many lives are at stake. however, for daca recipients whose status has expired, that same department will not authorize them to work unless and until daca is renewed. so there can be a gap in their employment. understand the people we're talking about are not folks by and large with part-time jobs. they're teachers, they're medical professionals, some of them are serving in our military.
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what we now know about the expiration of this work permit is that tens of thousands of daca-eligible individuals could be forced leave their jobs while their aapplications for renewal are pending and before they are approved. then consider the fate of dreamers who are eligible for daca but never reached the necessary age to attain that status. they can no longer apply for daca because president trump's decision prohibits them after september 5. if a child turns 15, the youngest age at which they can apply for dakota, they are now blocked from applying because of the president's decision. the nonpartisan migration policy institute estimates that in addition to 800,000 daca recipients, there are an additional one million dreamers eligible for daca. because of president trump's decision to end daca, 1.8 million dreamers are at risk of deportation and cannot work to support themselves and contribute to the only country
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they know and the country they love. president trump called on congress to legalize daca, but he's unfortunately refused to accept six different offers -- bipartisan offers to achieve that. the one of those offers also included $25 billion for his wall and yet he wouldn't accept it. let me tell you a story of one of these young people, as i've done before. i've come to the floor of the senate more than 110 times to tell these stories. i just think when you hear the stories of an individual, it helps you understand what the real issue is. this is a photo of irving caldrone, the 112th dreamer a. talked about on the senate floor. when he was seven months old, irving was brought to the united states from mexico by his parents. he lived in california for ten years, then moved to texas where he currently lives.
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his childhood memories include disneyland, going to the beach and celebrating christmas and the 4th of july with his family. irving found out he was undocumented when he was 12 years old. at first he didn't believe it because he said there was nothing about me that wasn't american. then as he got older he realized he couldn't get a driver's license, he couldn't work, he couldn't save money for college. but he didn't give up. in high school, irving maintained a 4.0 grade point average. he was a member of the honor society and student council, served on the future business leaders of america, played basketball and varsity continues. because of his accomplishments, he was accepted into the university of texas at austin. in college he served as director of the hispanic business students association and under his leadership the group adopted a street to clean. irving organized events for underrepresented high school students and middle school students and volunteered at an orphanage every thanksgiving.
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he graduate graduated with a bas degree in business administration. thanks to dakota created by president obama, then eliminated by president trump later, irving was able to put his degree to work. for the last year he has worked as an information business analyst at general motors. he creates software systems for one of the largest automakers in the united states. he wrote me a letter and here's what he said. i've always felt completely american. i've been here since i was 7 months old. it's the only place i know and the only place i've ever considered home. being an american is not something that is just given to you. it's about the work you put in. i feel i've contributed to america. mr. president, i do, too. it would be an american tragedy to deport someone like irving who's overcome so many obstacles and has so much to contribute to our country. people like irving caterone are the reason that more than 400 business leaders signed a letter
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to congress urging us to pass a bipartisan dream act. the letter says and i quote, these business leaders say, dreamers are vital to the future of our companies and our economy. with them we grow and create jobs. they are part of why we will continue to have a global, competitive advantage. president trump created this crisis. but instead of working toward a solution, he has stopped every effort that we've tried to make on behalf of dreamers. now it's up to the republican leaders in congress to take yes for an answer and accept any one of the six bipartisan solutions which we put on the table to save these young people. congress should do our job and make the dream act the law of the land or we will be responsible for forcing hundreds of thousands of talented young immigrants out of the work force and putting them at risk for immediate deportation. mr. president, i ask consent that after the last statement that two items be entered into the record. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. durbin: mr. president, i yield the floor.
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the presiding officer: the senate stands adjourned until senate stands adjourned until
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for our program in test join
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us live at noon eastern. his most an most recent book is down the river by the sea. his other book was made into a major motion picture, gone fishing and fearless jones plus over 40 books and mystery series. we will be taking your phone calls and messages. it's our special edition with walter mosley sunday april 1. the senate judiciary committee held a hearing on reauthorizing the violence against women act which is set to expire in september. the department of violence against women as well as activists and the san diego prosecutor testify about the effectiveness of the current law.

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