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tv   Historian Alston Fitts on the Battle of Selma  CSPAN  May 21, 2018 7:51am-8:01am EDT

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[applause]. [inaudible conversations] c-span is in selma alabama to learn about the history and local authors.
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it was one of the major arsenals of the confederacy. by the time the war had ended only to arsenals have been continuing to operate in the south. one was enrichment of course the other was in selma. someone was producing major arbitrary i was one of the more fearsome canons of the time. they were producing wider range rep injury the irony of it. it was not a stronghold. stephen douglas of course was a northern democrat kind for president campaigned through the south he went on to down
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to the alabama river. and it was the last major speech was. they went up the steps. basically trying to save the union. he hoped to everyone would hold it together. he tried. i was interested at how enterprise aids enterprising some of the go-getters were. and by golly they got that suggesting that the capital should be moves because it was the ideal location of the railroads.
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and the alabama and tennessee running up the direction. so that they can bring down the iron ore from shelby in middle alabama and make the weapons and then ship them out. to mississippi and georgia of course. i think about 400 young men from the surrounding dallas county went off to join those rates. and whoever else they thought they were fighting for. the battle came up about by orders from richard taylor who was the commanding officer commanding what was left of
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the southern army. the arsenal was here and he didn't want from shipping from neighboring counties. it was very valuable. white gold. taylor gave orders and that i must not be allowed to fall. this is when he set fire to it. and he ordered them to help the defense. i knew the situation. he knew he didn't have the men. they were around the city. and it have enough men to station the thing every 5 feet
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apart. it probably could have taken off the army for a particular time. most of them are far from home in north carolina and fact. so they ordered everyone from petticoat or to the barricades. the first to waive of the union troops was repelled but not the third. they compared it all to the charge of the brigade of the crimean war. and they were attacking from several different roads. and once one fell of course
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they have to retreat and there was there was a second round of barricades close to the town but they were not to compete --dash make complete. they got out of town. and after which it was hard to get much cooperation to keep the town from burning to the ground. it was rebuilt after the war. simply the things that have made it important. and added more railroads. at one point it had five railroads than running into selma. and they bring in the cotton of the whole surrounded area
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down to mobile. more connections were made it was after taken by rail over to savanna. for the cotton mills in old england in new england. they did had one added advantage in that it was able to take the county seat away. they had grown to double the size during the war. because they have the arsenal over there. and they have the railroad connections. it was regarded at the old ideal of railroad.
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they learned that they learned it too late. the role and that civil war was significant. the south could not had carried on as strongly as it did without the arsenals. it helped keep the south going. for what it would have done otherwise. twice a month c-span city to ours takes book tv and american history tv on the road. to explore the literary life and history of a selected city working with our cable partners we visit various literary sites. you can watch any of our past interviews into his online by going to book tv in selecting the cities to her from the drop-down at the beginning of the page.
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