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tv   Russian President Vladimir Putin Call- In Program  CSPAN  June 8, 2018 2:22am-3:23am EDT

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the new 12 mile bridge. >> translator: this year we have a lot more questions about the relationship between russia and the west. i should say it's not only about some alarming feelings but also about the feelings of disappointment. i will quote one of the messages we received. as if russia should be blamed for everything. how should we behave when no one even turns to listen to our arguments and we can clearly see that no one is going to listen
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to us. >> one of the questions, you get an endless stream of accusations against russia and that echos the question that you just stated. >> my position on this multiple times, this is a method to contain russia just like so called sanctions. these recurrent allegations provide the basis, the foundation to take containment measures. at least they feel that it would contain russia because they see russia as a threat. they see russia as a competitor. what i feel is that this is a
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wrong policy because it's not of interest of the world to contain anyone. you need to engage in constructive collaboration, and that would bring more benefits for the global economy, for the vast majority of the international community. we're seeing that some of our partners coming to see that. you can see what has been happening in some of the western countries. politicians have been saying that they need to build normal relations with russia. politicians do have their own goals, but again, they should not pursue -- measures. some of our partners are realizing that. i hope it will be a two way street. >> when will it end the sequence of degradation?
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we have seen other times in our history, there were short periods of time where we had really good relations. what's your assessment? what do you see? >> i can't give you any deadlines but i can tell you what are the conditions for it. it's obvious for russia that we need to defend our interests and need to do it in a continuous way, not in a rude manner, but still the economy and security, we have been doing it, and we'll continue to defend our interests, but we're always looking for compromised solutions. this will only cease when our partners realize their methods don't work and are contra productive and harmful for anyone and would have to reckon with the interests of russia. >> we have one message just off the topic, will we see the third
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world war? >> well, remember einstein, he said, i don't know what will be the methods of world war 3, but the fourth world war will be waged with sticks and stones. so the realization that the third world war could mean the end of civilization, this realization, this idea should deter us from dangerous steps globally. as you remember, we've been living in a period of relative peace following the second world war, and we know that there are regional conflicts out there. we had the vietnam war, the korean war. right now we have some of the conflicts in the middle east.
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we have iraq, libya, all the hot spots. but we haven't had any global conflicts. why? global military powers established a strategic parity and might find my words not appropriate, but that's true. the fear that each country had instills the opponents with respect. now once the u.s. withdrew from the treaty, that was actually an attempt to disrupt this strategic parity, and we've been responding to it, and i mentioned that in my state of the nation address. and the new armament will restore the parity.
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we need to think about it. we need to find a contemporary solution. the way of collaboration, it is time to sit down at the negotiating table. not just think about it but to design a contemporary architecture of a european security system. >> one more question from the website. [inaudible]. can you impose any sanctions? >> as i said, we're not in favor of unilateral sanctions. they don't work. they only exacerbate the situation. now talking of the situation of
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compatriots, we have been raising that issue with the authorities repeatedly. hundreds of thousands of people were called non-citizens. i mean, do we have any such category in international law? non-citizen before citizenship? we have people with no citizenship or people with dual citizenship, but to never have such a notion as a category non-citizen, it was something invented by the countries, invented to limit the legitimate rights of those people who reside in those territories. but the means that we should take to defend, again, we need to take appropriate measures so that we don't exacerbate the situation. we are now pursuing a policy of dialogue with our partners from the european union, and i'm sure that at one point they would
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feel ashamed and embarrassed. they've been pointing out civil rights violations beyond the eu, but they allow these violations inside the eu. well, there's a russian saying, you see a speck in the eye of your opponent but you don't see a log in your own eye. again, we will continue taking all the necessary measures, but we shouldn't harm the people living there. >> now, again let's turn to our audience with more phone calls and video calls. >> thank you. we also have the governors here and ministers here. we have famous people, figures, the leaders of social movement. right at this point we have a
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member of parliament and a famous writer. good afternoon, mr. putin. >> good afternoon. >> i'm from a region, but i've come here to participate. my question is as follows, i think that russia has always been a country of free expression of will and free thinking and this -- debates for the sake of truth have always been important for everyone and we have been seeing a lot of alarming signals. some people who are very much enthusiastic about some extreme
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things, . just some harsh talking and some hate speeches. sometimes even these talks resemble some words of a simple -- for instance some young boys were accused of creating a group to organize a referendum on the responsibility of the government for what is happening. they say it is a criminal gang. but we cannot intervene in law, but maybe we can be a bit more attentive to the real situation. maybe we should be a bit more -- about our criminal code. there are some people who do bad things, well they should be punished, and sometimes we see that even the works of great authors can be regarded as violation of law if we look at it from a certain point.
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some of the wording is far too vague, and it leaves too much to be interpreted freely. maybe we can now somehow be a bit more -- [inaudible] -- because it is all about human lives and the lives of young boys and girls who shouldn't be intimidated to express their free will. >> i agree with you. now, you reminded us, and you might remember one of the characters says get them all together -- we will never follow that path. we will never do that. law enforcement practice needs to be reviewed by the public. it needs to be adjusted. if you're talking about
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spreading extremist materials, as i said, we need to have universal rules. if you violate the law, you need to pay the responsibility. we definitely need to understand what is the definition of it. but we shouldn't take it to the extreme. and i would also like to ask some of my colleagues from the popular front, the public movement that we had, that have helped us a lot in the previous years. we definite he need to analyze -- we definitely need to analyze the situation. we need to have a definition of extremism and we need to -- we need to put a lid on the spread
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of fascists. everyone agrees with that, but we need to get definitions right. we need to the supreme court on board. i'm sure that the law enforcement, the traditional system does have people who realize their responsibilities. if we need to get extra attention, okay, let's focus on the issues that you just mentioned. thank you. >> after the previous question, you mentioned, the treaty on antimissile defense. back in 07, you said that the united states are starting to apply their laws to other countries, that it is all very
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alarming because it endangers the world. but no one listened to you back then. what about today? the eu, canada, they are in a trade war with the united states and you have seen the chancellor of germany and the vice president, but do they say it is high time the sanctions should be dropped or they're waiting for some approval from washington to do that? >> it's not just about conversations. we do have the private conversations. we talked to leaders of france, germany, austria, and many other european countries, and again, we have very good cooperation with asia and right now they started to make public
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statements. one of the ministers of the french government recently said that we could not allow the u.s. to become the economic policemen of the world, and the former finance minister of germany publicly said that germany has never been a sovereign state, following 1945. everyone's seeing what's happening. but our partners never thought that the counterproductive policy related with sanctions and trade restrictions would never apply to them. they would never be affected. but this is what is happening today, steel, aluminium tariffs, not just for europe, but canada and mexico have been affected
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too. these are sanctions. they use another language. but why? why have they been targeted? it's due to pragmatic national interests of the u.s. the way they are interpreted by the current administration. if we go back to what i said, we need to have a shared interpretation and shared rules, both in security and economic cooperation. common understanding, common definition, common rules. back in 2007, you might remember i was talking at the munich security conference, and there's been often quoted statements.
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and back then many of my colleagues got angry. they said it was too tough. they said it was inappropriate. but what was i talking about? as i said, the u.s. have been using their laws beyond the borders, and this is unacceptable. that's exactly what's happening today. but right now european and other partners are affected, are victims. why? because no one wanted to listen back then. and no one did anything to reverse that trend. and well, you get what you get. the food's served. well, yeah, i wanted to bring up a joke from one of the famous movies, but i don't want to get too rude. again, we don't want to make jokes about it.
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it's not time for jokes. partners are realizing that it is time to sit down at the negotiating table and start talking about common rules that would allow the global economy to develop efficiently. >> with that antirussia rhetoric, i think that -- trying to compete with the united states with some of the sanctions and rhetoric. probably they are in the first place right now, trying to organize the world cup, they failed. after that came this case. i would like to quote one of the questions, what does this mean to russia? will we respond to that or not? >> i made my point clear several
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times before. the u.k. says a military grade nerve agent was used against those people. well, if that were true, then people would have died on the spot, instantly within several minutes, but fortunately that didn't take place. and it means that we are dealing with something else, not a military grade nerve agent. what we would like to get is access to first of all to the russian citizens, in the first place, and to be allowed to take part in an investigation. before that happens, it is hard to comment on anything. >> continuing the topic of antirussia rhetoric, great britain, i think we can ask about the problems that are being experienced, because they
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are suffering, because they are being under too much pressure these days, being intimidated and everything. what can you say? >> big russian businessman, several years ago, it's one of the public meetings with our businesses, business leaders, again, i don't want to bring up the phrase verbatim. it was a bit too rude, but i warned them, i told them that we might -- they may have faced such a scenario, and i advised them back then to keep their
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money at home, to keep the money in those places where they earned the money, to use them to develop the russian economy and to keep them safe. back in 2008, when the global economy was hit with a crisis and outside crisis, and russia was affected too, many of the russian companies who had a lot of loans taken out from western banks, they experienced the situation. that collateral was worth less, and they had to repay those loans or to add more property as collateral or else they could have lost that property. and again, we injected money in
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the national bank and actually took over those loans, and many of the companies said okay, we can hand over the companies to the state, but i was the head of government back then, and i said no, we're just taking over the loans, and you will be able to repay those loans to us. that's what happened. the situation went back to normal. they bought back the loans and they remained the owners of the enterprise, and the government -- the government definitely benefitted from it. but that's what we did. the russian government did it. that's what we did in relation to the assets that we felt were strategically important to the russian national interest. but who would help those businessmen abroad? they are just persecuted and patronized and that's a big mistake of the western authorities. all those restrictions, all that
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persecution of the russian businesses, what would they lead to? if you have u.s. denominated transactions, problems with that, well, that would disrupt the trust, because everyone has been looking at it. they disrupt trust towards the economic policy of major powerhouses of the world. the u.s. is the universal reserve currency of the world. the euro has been trying to be something like that, but again, the u.s. dollar is the main universal -- of currency. if the u.s. restricts u.s. denominated transactions, it undermines trust and confidence in this currency. and again, they would like to
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get some short-term political gains, but in the long-term, that undermines the trust towards the policy. and everyone's thinking okay, we need a new universal -- of currency. maybe we need to move to the transactions of national currencies. i'm sure that's counterproductive, harmful for them in particular and for the entire global economy. that will pass. those times will pass. >> let's go to -- [inaudible]. >> i was looking at the questions on the screen. some said that we need to help businessmen that have found themselves in a predicament, but then there's another question. when will those finally move
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their money back to russia? not talking about people who have been engaged in any violations. we're talking about people who have earned their money in a legitimate way, lawful way, but both categories should rather move their money back, and you might remember, we announced, we introduced capital amnesty twice. we do it with business community. there are flaws, shortcomings, but we're ready to streamline this process. i'm sure the community would respond to it in an appropriate manner. >> we have one more writer, one more on the line. yes indeed it is so. yes, we've been receiving for two years in a row -- [inaudible] -- in ukraine. we received these questions from people from russia, from ukraine, from other states, but at this point, we have a
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question from the -- [inaudible] who knows very well what is happening. let's watch the video. good afternoon. i'm advisor to the head of the dean of the [inaudible]. there's the feeling that the -- [inaudible]. how would you comment on that? >> i hope that it wouldn't come to any hostilities. but if it happens, it would have grave consequences for ukraine statehood in general, but again, i hope nothing of that sort will happen. again, you cannot really intimidate people, people who reside on those territories,
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that region. we know what's happening out there. we see how people respond. we've been providing assistance to both unrecognized republics. what's happening there in general, these -- that's also a signal that the current key authorities are not able to resolve this issue. how can you resolve this issue if you believe these territories are your own and if you impose a full blockade? how can you consider those people as ukrainian citizens and show these -- shell these
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people, the number of shellings from ukraine inside. why do you do it? this is just ridiculous in terms of getting the ultimate goal, restoring territorial sovereignty. the further it gets, the worse it is for ukraine. i get a feeling that ukraine is doing it because of its domestic election. they are now nearing the parliamentary and the presidential election, and the sooner it gets to the election, the worse the situation. the current authorities are unable to resolve the issue. another reason is that they don't need the voters from those territories because it's clear that those voters will never cast a ballot in favor of the
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current authorities. but if these authorities only pursue their own narrow political and economic goals, they continue to rob their people and then put the money in offshores, then it won't lead to anything, anything good. we'll see how it develops. time will tell. but we'll definitely make sure that the courts are executed. >> there are people that said -- they have subscribers. we sent our correspondent to the bloggers. he's going to be live in seconds.
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>> hello, everyone. for the first time in the history of sessions with the russian president, we've been conducting the bloggers of russia right in that place, in that fashion. they have been commenting on the ongoing conference. they have been recording videos, streaming videos. they have their own channels which they up load their videos and the videos they will use to record. the overall audience is around 20 million people. at this point, they are streaming that. they are reporting to the audience what is happening at this very moment. prior to the session, they asked
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their subscribers what kind of question they would like to ask, and this is the day we can give them the opportunity to ask those questions. millions of subscribers. so guys, hello. i give you the floor. today we have the leaders. i would like to ask the questions i have. on the internet people speak about the social networks, they can be banned. is that possible? >> well, i share your concern. and the concerns of the people that you've been working there. we are not going to shut anything down. i'm aware of the situation around the telegram.
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you just said that you were nervous. well, you know, i'm nervous too. why i'm nervous because i'm concerned of the security of the people. when our law enforcement officers say that -- [inaudible] -- they could not track down the correspondents of terrorists because it was coded. again, how can i respond to it? i used to work in the law enforcement, and i know for sure that it's much easier, easier to ban it. it is much harder to find a civilized way to resolve the situation. so since i know that, i will definitely push my colleagues to go down that path, and the law
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enforcement and federal security forces need to use high-tech to fight terrorists without violating or limiting freedoms and liberties on the internet. >> do you have any more questions? >> hello, mr. putin. i'm an adult. i'm a blogger. at this point it is not a profession. no one sees it as a real profession. will there be a moment in the future where blogging will be a true profession, an official occupation? >> you just said you are an adult. you're 38, but you look much much younger. i was surprised to hear that you are 38. well, you just said blogging should become a profession. but we know what you leave off.
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you leave off money and it seems you have been successful with that. so whether it's recognized or not as a profession, it is a source of your income, and as i understand, it brings you quite a lot of money since you have been doing it. if you really want to have blogging as a profession somewhere in the law, well, perhaps we could think about it. perhaps you're right actually. if it's your permanent job, then the government is really interested to formalize it. well, thank you bloggers. we'll come back to you. now we'll turn to our call center. we turn to you now. >> thank you. we're being following closely how people react to what's happening here on social media.
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at this point the number -- [inaudible] -- 500,000 publications and the most active users are in moscow, second place occupied by st. petersburg, my hometown, and the third is the republic of [inaudible]. i think it is time to receive a phone video call. no, i'm being said that we have one more publication we would like to read because we just received it. let's read it. yes. [inaudible]. now, let's get to the video
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calls. please introduce yourself. where are you from? and state your question. >> mr. putin, good afternoon. it's no secret that our country is one of the two great powers who have the technologies of launching space aircraft and we have successfully allowed the landing of a unique spaceship. i think the aerospace industries are the pillars for any country at this point in history, and if i could give all my effort, every effort i have to maintain and develop these industries, i would do that, without a second thought. and i have a question in that
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context. can we go back to using that knowledge, and what are our plans to create our aerospace competitive edge? thank you. >> you are absolutely right. space exploration and space technology are critically important for any country, and particularly for russia, because we've -- we have unique experience in that, and you might remember the soviet citizen, the first one to go into orbit, and we also launched sputnik. we've seen that space technology is getting commercialized and we definitely need to take a lot of new steps to improve the quality
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of -- we need to regain leading position and launches. we've had some of the launch pads in asia. the u.s. has been moving ahead. we've been in collaboration with our partners, despite the challenges, in our relations with the u.s., russian and u.s. researchers have come together in thinking about exploring deep space, planets like venus. we have our own program. a very good one. the new program would provide the launches of 600 satellites that would allow for geo probing
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of space. again, there will be breakthrough. so it will help to scan the territories on the earth and the quality that it will provide, in terms of the quality, it will be able to reply cable communications. we have a very good program in exploring deep space. by 2022 is supposed to be the first test of the ultra heavy rocket. by 2024, we need to get -- [inaudible] -- we're supposed to
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be launching a manned -- man missions. so we have very ambitious plans in space exploration. i would like to assure you that we will be moving ahead because we've spent so much time and efforts to build a new launch pad. we'll develop it as civilian component of our space exploration program. looking at what's happening in syria, especially because our military are still on duty there. you're on air. we can hear you. >> good afternoon.
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mr. putin. my name is sergey. i'm a pensioner, but i work. my question to you as commander-in-chief is when are the russian forces going to be withdrawn from syria completely? >> well, we don't only have our military in syria, and it's not just about that. it's a unique experience and a unique way that would help us improve the readiness of our military. no drills and no exercises can
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match the level that of readiness that we can get in a real combat operation. that's related to losses. we've never -- we would never forget about the families of those who have died in syria. but that's a noble cause. thousands of militants that come from russia and from central asian countries, and we don't have controlled borders there, they were out there in syria, and it was best to -- [inaudible] -- out there in syria than here. also helped to stabilize the situation in syria. today is syrian army and the syrian government controlled
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territories. where 90% of people live, large scale combat operations involving russian armed forces are no longer used, so the situation has moved into the political stage, and that's what we've been working on. again, our military is out there. they will have two bases, one in the [inaudible] and the other is the airbase. treaty we signed with the syrian government. so it is all legitimate and all in line with international law. our military are there to protect the interests of russia
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in that vital region of the world that is really close to russia, and they will stay there as long as it's beneficial for russia, and again, they are there to -- they are there in line with our international obligations. so we aren't planning to withdraw our russian units, but again, i wouldn't call them permanent bases. we aren't building in long-term infrastructure. so i didn't call them military bases. just temporary installations with no addition al cause -- we would be ready to withdraw or troops in prompt way. so farther there -- so far they are there. they are protecting our interests there. >> mr. putin, what are the most
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important lessons we can draw from the military campaign? >> i wouldn't call them lessons, experiences, priceless experiences. again, the way we use our military, the way we use our weapons. again, it is not a test range. but we do use those weapons there. it's helped us improve on our systems. it's one thing to have them as part of your military, but it is another thing when you use them. we started to use them in syria. we had crews from russian defense enterprises that
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fine-tuned those weapons. they were out there in syria, and they saw how those weapons were used, and they realized how it could be improved. a lot of generals and army officers were out there in syria, and they realized what a modern military conflict is all about, how -- what are the best ways to coordinate the efforts of the airspace and our air force and navy and ground troops. helped us to modernize and upgrade our military. >> talking about our new weapon technologies used, talks about this new development, during your address, recent address, there have been publications
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saying that -- [inaudible] still going and not as always effectively and not productively as we claim. can we confirm that we have these technologies already used? >> during my address, i said that in 2004, we began development of new systems as a response to the unilateral withdrawal by the u.s. from the abm treaty. and i mentioned the system. it is a missile system. it is not a ballistic one, but it is an intercontinental system. what i would call an absolute weapon. 20 mach, that's the speed it can go. i don't think that any other country can get it.
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might get it some day, but we're not concerned about it, because we do have it already. back to your question, what we have and what we don't have. hypersonic weapons, hypersonic 10 mach missile, it's already been commissioned, and it's deployed in the southern federal district. i mentioned that. if they have any doubts, well then have a look. we have demonstrated -- [inaudible]. the laser based weapon system has already been commissioned. our military are using it. and the new system is in industrial production, and in 2019, we will supply to the military. in 2020, we plan to supply the
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most powerful missile system, a new ballistic missile. we also have other developments that i mentioned. two weapons with a nuclear based engine. missile and also a submersive -- submersible drone. so we've completed the main stage of development. the nuclear based propulsion system. that's being completed. there are some things that have to be done, but it's on track. it's on schedule.
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i have no doubt that these new armaments will be commissioned and our armed forces will get it. those who doubted that, they had some doubts in 2004. well it is too early to say. we have other developments. we will make the announcement in due time. >> good afternoon. this is the [inaudible] -- region. we are near the bridge, just two weeks after the opening of the bridge over 300,000 vehicles have passed this bridge. as you can see, it's over there,
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accepted over a million tourists this year. this is the checkpoint. some cars are stopped by the police and checked. good afternoon. how is it? >> well, it's all right. every day we see more and more traffic. has this person violated some laws? >> no, this is routine check up. >> good afternoon. can you tell us where you are going? >> we've been living for over a year with my wife. we've been using the bridge. we're very happy -- [inaudible].
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>> so this is your child in the backseat? >> yes, she's traveling with us. >> we're not going to disturb him. this is a great opportunity. do you want to ask anything to mr. putin? >> can i please get out of the car, first? >> yes, of course. >> good afternoon. mr. putin, unfortunately not all roads are of such great quality as this bridge and would like all of the roads to be just as good as this. and so the question is, are you going to increase the financing towards construction of new roads or maintaining existing roads, and if so, then what other ambitious projects are you planning to implement in the near future?
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>> thank you. thank you for the question. road construction has been always in the news, and that's a fair question because russia's an enormous country, logistics and transportation has always been an issue. not done enough. but that's been historically. in the 1960s, they wanted to build a road to connect far eaeast with the european parts. they started in the 60s, 70s and 90s, but again the construction stalled and we just did the first part.
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and we got that -- [inaudible]. so it's really difficult to do that. but here's our priority for the next six years. making our regions more connected, building more roads. our federal highways more or less are in good shape, but if you take regional roads, well, we need to make sure that the regional highways need to be in good shape. and again, we've allocated appropriate financing between
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2012 and 2017, we spent on road construction some 5.1 trillion rubles, and we plan to almost double financing on road construction in the next six years. 9.6, 9.7 trillion rubles will be spent on road construction. in different russian regions. >> thank you. thank you to your guest. now we're going to the other side of the bridge.
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>> translator: this is the bridge. everyone coming here sees first, that this is the something you can see from the highest point. this is commemorating the great patriotic war and also you can see a great panoramic view from here. this is one of the most famous tourist attractions here, and indeed, there are much more tourists here today, and it is for them that the new roads are being built. today it starts the tourist season in a new environment. and right now people are ready to talk to you and explain their situation. good afternoon.
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>> good afternoon. i'm a co owner of a company that provides services in fitness and sports. and on behalf of the people, i would like to thank you for actually implementing our -- realizing our dream, creating this great bridge, this great construction project. on the first day after the bridge was opened, we saw an in flow of tourists, but unfortunately, the prices, produce prices, food prices are still very high here. so the question is, when are the prices going to go down or at
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least be at the same level as in the other region? >> i did get a question. we are aware of this issue. here's why, for some goods and services, they have lower prices than its neighbors can offer, other regions. but for others, it has higher prices than in other regions. very much -- once the road is completely launched, what i mean is we have the highway traffic. we have cargo traffic. we have trucks. these mutual flow of goods will lead to the fact that prices will stabilize, and they will be roughly the same. that should be our u
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