tv U.S. Global Leadership Coalition State Leaders Summit CSPAN June 18, 2018 10:33am-11:15am EDT
[heers and applause ] >> so i'm liz trayer, and i am thrilled to see so many people that i have seen in your home town and welcome you to our nation's capital. it is wonderful when we get the usglc family together and to learn to network. and i think most exciting to add our voice tomorrow on capitol hill. i know all of you have been studying your talking points. you've been working and getting ready for our day on capitol hill. so i want to admit -- all of you to admit who watched the final episode of scandal? right. [ laughing ] >> yes. and my favorite madam secretary. yes? so we're going to have a great program here because we have the original madam secretary that's going to kick off our program. [ cheers and applause ]. >> today we are going toost h
the chair of the joint chiefs of staff. we have a very special lunch today because we are going to celebrate pep star which perhaps in our lifetime is one of the most successful foreign assistance programs that we have ever seen. and so much more. and so we have an amazing program. and we want to make sure this is a big stage. but we are going to have a two-way conversation. so join us by following us at your clc. if you are on twitter, make sure you use the hashtag #usclgsummit. there will be trivia questions we'll throw out because we have prizes. if you get the trivia questions right, so be engaged and follow us. but the truth is that we have important work to do. because there is no surprise that since the last usglc
summit, there's been a lot of our own political and policy dram the tone and tenor of the political environment has been quite divided. d yet at usglc, we're very proud that we unite. democrats, republicans, independence join together. we have our business leaders alongside our development experts. our generals and our military officials right next to our space leaders. and we all come together, as we know, because we care and believe that we want a better, safer, more prosperous world. and to do that, we believe that america needs to lead. america needs to be engaged in the world. and that needs to be through and with development and diplomacy, democracy tools. and we know that when we invest in them, that it advances america's own national interests. now, it's no secret that these programs have been under attack. that we have seen proposals that
have called for dangerous cuts to our state department and usa id programs. but it's also no secret that we have seen remarkable results. last year in this fiscal year we were in, there were proposals to cut one-third of these budgets for states. that's where it started. but where it ended was an increase of 4% over current levels. [ cheers and applause ] >> it's a remarkable achievement that my colleague lindsey is going to walk through our champions on capitol hill and how it happened. but much of that achievement is because you showed up. and i don't just mean today. it's because you showed up out around the country. you showed up at over 100 in district meetings with members
of congress. you showed up at more than 200 briefings with candidates aroun the country. you showed up by writing op eds in your local paper. together you showed up in making a million contacts with those folks on capitol hill, and that made the difference. and of all of the different people who made a difference, i'm going to give a shout out to one group. 1200. 1200 veterans among us. across the country wrote a letter to congress and they said protect our civilian tools so that, "we only send our brothers and sisters in uniform into harm's way as a last resort". so for the veterans that are here today --.
[ applause ] >> -- for the veterans that are here today, please stand up so we can salute you. thank you for your leadership and for showing up. [ cheers and applause ] >> so today is about showing up. but it's also about telling your story. the theme of the summit this year is about leaving globally matters locally. about global changes. about local impact. it's about telling your stories. i have spent the last year as much being out of washington as bein y community. because my travels have taken me all over the country but to america's heartland. the places like appleton, wisconsin, not far from where i grew up. to have conversations with you about why america -- why america's role in the world matters to us locally.
appleton, like many communities, has had its share of struggles. manufacturing jobs disappearing. and some of our fellow citizens are feeling and questioning how does our economic engagement around the worldmaer what's the return on investment. so we listen and ilien. and her are some of the things i heard. i heard from the appleton mayor when he talked to us about their program with sister cities and how they connected over and over again in their travels. i heard from the president of fox valley technological college who were the host for the day and shared with us about the international students that come to the college. i heard the fear from manufacturers who are in our conversation about the questions is america being left behind when our competitors, like china, are dom nagt -- dominang in t role and
their investments in the developing world. we talked about the proposed cuts. and they talked about in the foreign snans -- assistance account. and i heard concerns about if we're not there, who is going to fill that gap, because somebody is already doing so. i remember one partnership said our competitors are playing to win. is america playing sma ball? so we need to tel our stories. and i can't wait for each of you to do so on capitol hill tomorrow. whether it's a veteran telling a story about why it matters for security. one of the business leaders telling the story about your economic interest. or one of those with development expert talking about it from a humanitarian arena. i have lived here for 35 years in washington. and i know it's not about me telling the story. it's about you.
when a constituent shows up and tells a story, it makes a big difference. we have powerful stories to tell, and today we're going to talk about one of the powerful stories. this year marks the 70th anniversary of the marshall plan. now, i remember because i did my homework that when you look back and you see the marshall plan, it wasn't very popular when general george marshall went out and had the idea of investing a war-torn europe at that time. but if you look back and you think about 70 years later, it was a pretty good bet. because when you think about delivering stability, influence, growing markets for america's goods and services, that was a good bet for us. today 41 million american jobs depend on that export global marketplace for us. so to the usglc families, welcome and thank you for showing up today. thank you for showing up to our
future and tomorrow. thank you for telling your story. and thank you for being part of our story. to welcome and introduce our own madam secretary, i would like you to meet our co-chair of the usglc, my friend from wal-mart, please meet sara thorn, our co-chair of usglc. [ applause ] >> thank you, li good morning. as liz said, i'm sara thorn, senior director for global government affairs for wal-mart and a very proud co-chair of the usglc board of directors. to start today's program, we have a wonderful opportunity to hear from one of our nation's most experienced and most widely respected foreign policy leaders. someone who knows more than most how global changes have local impact. secretary madelyn albright is a universally recognized as one of
our nation's most insightful observers, swelas well as the w today. not to mention a great collection of broaches and pens that she uses as a diplomatic tool she serveds the 64th secretary of state and u.s. representative to the united nations under president bill clinton. becoming the highest ran king woman of history in the u.s. government. secretary albright is the long time chair of the democratic institute which works to strengthen democratic institution and citizen partnership tation and she's also a professor at georgetown university and chair of the albright stonebridge group. our discussion today with the secretary will be moderated by our own liz schrayer. please help me welcome to the stage secretarial bright and liz
schrayer. [ applause ] >> what a street this is for me. >> i want to thank sara for telling everybody who i am. because not everybody always knows. tomorrow i was coming back from china, i was in chicago and i was there getting undressed for the security people. i put my belt dnd w tan behind me said, so, where did you get all of those bottles. i said i got them at wal-mart. and then i'm going through the magne magnetometer and he said, oh, my god, it's you. i'm from bosnia. if it weren't for you, there wouldn't be a bos nina. and you're welcome in bosnia.
can i have our picture take so we have our picture taken and it stops the whole line. and i go back to the lady with the screw top bottle. she said what happened. i said, well, i used to be secretary of state. and she said of bosnia? [ laughing ] >> so, sara, thank you. >> i'm not sure how to follow-up with that one. like i'm going to have to go to some new questions. it is so fabulous to haveou here. thank you, thank you. you are an amazing friend of the usglc. an amazing leader. now i know you're secretary of bosnia. i just want you to know she got a shout out from bono from u2 last night. she had a pen that was a rock 'n' roll pen. it was fantastic. >> before we begin, though, liz, you are the most incredible leader of this incredible organization. [ applause ] >> very sweet. >> reay remarkable. you have filled in and are the most dedicated human being and a
really good friend. and i think everybody understands what a huge role you play. >> thank you. thank you. well, we have a lot of fun doing different things together. and this is -- this is a treat. so this is a treat for me. there's so many things i have to ask you. we don't have a lot of time. but i'm going to jump into one. because you just finished your sixth book. so -- and it hit the number one new york times best seller a. all of you need to get it. but it's a little scary one. it's not like your pin book. this one is scary. it's called fashism, a warning. and it is this really insightful history looking back and telling us an alarming warning of the rise of a thuthoritarianism aro
the world. so what is the warning we all need to be scared about. i read it, so i know how scared i am? >> well, let me say, it has kind of a scary title and a scary cover. and it's meant to be. because i think that we do need to watch what is going on everywhere around the world. and i wrote it because it has something to do with my own background. i was born in czechoslovakia in 1937. and the nazis came in. and we spent the morning because my father was a czech diplomat. and i didn't know about my background as being jewish until 1976. i was raised a catholic, married an episcopalian and found out i was jewish. my own interfaith discussion. but i do know that the -- what happened when fashism took over, everything changed and people were not only discriminated
against but killed for who they were. >> uh-huh. >> and so i really felt that it was worth putting out a warning given the kinds of things that i was seeing that were going on. by the way, i was going to write the book no matter who got elected because i was getting to see more and more divisions in our own society. certainly in countries abroad. and i wanted to go and really write a historical book that explained what happened. how musely any -- mussolini came to power and how i -- what happened in hundrgry. . [ no audio ]
. >> what happened in czechoslovakia the munich agreement, which will be 100 years old or not. sorry. a year that ends in 8, 1938, was a time that there was an agreement made between the british and french and germans and italians about czechoslovakia over their heads. that was something i grew up with. then when the americans came in,
that's when i first fell in love with americans in uniform. i was a little girl. and it was so clear that everything had changed once the americans came in. then as a result of world war ii, europe was divided and the country that i was born in and all of central and eastern europe were behind the iron curtain. i won't go through the whole history, but my whole life has been affected about where has america been, what has america done. we talked about the marshall plan. the marshall plan was absolutely key in putting america into a role where we were for our own national interests understanding what would happen if europe went communist. and so we have been able to think about how the national interest plays into our role in the world. so what happened, and i was at the united nations in 1993, and partially there was a question as to whether americans were interested in foreign policy. especially after the gulf war
and a number of issues and things were resolved and it was the end of the cold war. and so we had to make clear that our engagement was very important. president clinton was the first one to use the word indispensable. but i used it so often that it became identified with me. but there's nothing about the word that says alone. it just says we need to be engaged. americas don't like the world multi-lateralism. it has too many syllables and ends in ism. it's basically a partnership. that'shymeca needs to be a part of being interested and involved in global governance because it's good for our people and it's obviously good for the world. but that we are indispensable. and if we're not engaged and begin to act as though we're victims all of the time, we're losing. by the way, i'm going to europe tomorrow and i'm going to spend quite a lot of time there in a
variety of different conferences. it is something tt is not appropriate normally for a former diplomat to criticize your own country when you're abroad. but if i'm going to be truthful, i think the last few wks have been appalling in terms of what we've done tortnerships, to understanding how the international system works. and so how i'm going to explain to members of the g7 what just happened. but i do think we are indispensable. and if we lay back, then it's going to be very damaging for our own people and for the world. [ applause ] >> . >> let me ask you if you could pick up on something i just said at the opening, which is about this competition. you and i have talked about this. i know you have been visiting
china has now a development, road initiative than we spent on the marshall plan. africa alone they have invested 520% more in their development plan than they did in the last 15 years. my question is do you think we are falling behind. we are concerned about it. but in our diplomacy, democracy program, are you concerned about it and how do we talk about it economically. >> i am very concerned about it. it was interesting first in office at the u.n. and then as secretary to understand our policies affect what happens in other countries and how we build our strength as a free nation and people are not living in a
terrible situation where they are then subject to those people that don't like us. so, it is essential that we understand the role. the other problem out there as we are not living in kind of a benign world. the chinese are out to challenge us and it's very interesting because i go to china quite often and am always tired and everybody says they are proud people. but they have felt they have been disrespect dead, invaded in some acted to western values and are now in a position to exert their influence and they are doing now. they must be getting because the one belt is getting larger and larger. they are doing exactly what you have said on we have helped to create a vacuum that they are
failing. they are also doing not only investing in cntries, but fferent ways.nts in a lot they build roads where everybody wants them. they also create regional alliances es. when we elect tpp, they are the ones that pick up the pieces, but they also areus centraasia a the middle east and africa and latin america more and more. i think we need to understand what that is doing to us. the hard part and you and i talked about this and is over the united states in your apples from wisconsin story is very important on ho you explain foreign policy to people? i've made it my mission and it was when i was secretary to make foreign policy. i had traveled with madeline and
i would actually go into classrooms. what is interesting is mostly in our classroom, with the western peninsula and a couple on either side and i would always ask the teachers to bring in a globe and showed that most of the people live on the other side of the globe. most recently i have to say and i do want to spend some time talking about the private sector in all o this. that i was at a starbucks and they have this whole thing of tasting coffee every day and you would think he was fine wine because they make you inhale it and they talk about where their coffee comes from. i'm not particular day, and the coffee was in the congo. and to make sure they're not kids picking the coffee beans in
any number of different things. which i think is very, very important. but also, since we are coffee drinkers that are the leaders and coffee is only grown in hawaii, we need to be with all those countries in doing good at the same time. i do think there has to be stories that can explain why ex-city has some interest in the people in any number of stories and that has to be made relevant to the people. >> barry secretary albright story at starbucks. let me switch to a couple topics here. better a little more current, which is north korea. before all that happened with north korea in the last week leading up to it, you with the
last sitting secretary of state to meet with the north korean leader. my question is that from your experience, he at we might get somewhere. my question is especially with the new sheriff in town, secretary pompeo. i know he reached out to you. >> i'm often askedf i'm an optimist or a type of mess. i'm an optimist who worries. i am very glad that this summit took place because i do think having diplomatic exchanges is better than shooting wars. but i am worried because don't know how this is all going to be followed up. what is interesting is to look at the flimsiness of the agreement that was signed.
basically just a lot of general phrases. if i go back and look at the other agreements we've had with north koreans, whether it's the framework for six party talks, they were very, very detailed and still they were not lived up to because part of the issue here is verification. i think from what i can tell there hasn't been much discussion abouthat. so i am hoping that secretary pompeo really has all of the things that he needs within the system in order to make this work. it's very important to have the state department. what may impress me is that he wanted to make sure the state department was revived and also that democracy was important. when he called me, that is
basically what we talked about. nellies got to deliver and not because you can't have diplomacy without diplomat and i think there needs to be more in terms of the very technical parts of this signed the nuclear station. i found the whole summit fascinating to watch because s asked just now out of thethait country whether it was a win-win for he can win. we have to make sure that it is a win-win and secretary pompeo. >> let me go back to thank you are not. let me go back to secretary pompeo. you and i hav bh veey vocal over the last year about concerns of the budget cuts, concerns over filling and making sure that the state department at foggy bottom has its share of
personnel. democracy programs have been a priority certainly for both of us. and secretary pompeo reached out to you and i know he asked you for your advice, what was your advice? >> he didn't yet ask for the advice. >> he at least called you. >> healled and said he was interested in some of the things i've written. i had written about the state department budget in the state department budget and importance other than democracy. i do think the following things. this is the last group that meets facts on this because you all know it. when you talk about how much the state department budget is, and i am also the military. they really in the military. this is not a matter of trade up, but the budget to the defense department function 050 and $700 billion which is all
international. it's crazy. we are askin diplomats to dos that is very difficult for them to do. plus in fact the money that goes before. by the way, we always talk about this. i don't think foreign assistance or two words that go together. i think we should call it national security support and a lot of development people with preferred but not ba. one has to explain why good for us to be able to help the country. when people go to the hill to explain local leaders that this is absolutely essential. not only that, but paid to the dues is ludicrous. i'm hoping he will call me and i've been up to the hill a lot in order to argue for the
foreign assistance budget its very, very important and i think there is life across the aisle and i spent a lot of time. lindsey graham has been a remarkable leader in all of this. >> he said you're an optimist than i love that about you. an optimist who is realistic. but you travel all over the world and we are going to talk about the really big crisis in the world today. feminine and terrorism a hungering refugees and they are real pblems. they share with us where your optimistic when he traveled the world and see things. >> what gives me great hope because in all the countries frankly there is a burgeoning younger generation.
one of the things is many of them want to be or have been educated in the united states are ridiculous laws are keeping people out and are in fact undermining the education of american students who want to spend time learning about what's going on in foreign countries. exactly the younger generation generally is what gives me hope. they want to help their countries. they want to be really literate in terms of new technological capabilities and any number of different things. the same thing is true here i have to tell you. on my book when i've been going around they say we are all used to this see something say something. i have added to that do something. among the to do things is there has to be a book or speech given that doesn't quote robert frost.
i've quoted him and he said the older i get the younger army teachers. we've seen it in the united states and we are seeing it in other parts of the world. that i ges me hope is the kind of can-do approach of the next generation. >> georgetown in the foreign service, do you find out what your student? are you getting more students that are enrolling in international foigcy development? >> there are a lot of students interested in the subject. what they are not doing as some of them are taking foreign service exams to go back to what we are saying. i think that what had happened and i'm hoping secretary tillerson will no longer be because he went to the hill. they were offering to give him money, he didn't want any. secretary pompeo is going to.
what was happening was not only were there the state department, the basically cutting off the pipeline because people now in their 20s decide they're not going in is really undermining. what is interesting are the numbers of them that have traveled abroad with different languages that want to be a part of the development story and try to figure out other ways. and i do think what i found more and more interesting in own learning is the role of the public-private partnerships. many of them will go into the private sector if they can't get into the public one, but i do think that the partnership with the private sector is very, very important. >> what is fascinating is the number of people here today that are from the private sector is extraordinary and i think
secretary albright if you don't know for those in the audience has been an extraordinary driver of public-private partnerships in working with the business community engage. because of time going to and with this following question. i urge you all to read heard not only last book, most recent book on fascism a warning, which will give you an extraordinary look into both history as well as our current world order. but also take a look, which is my last question on an earlier book, which is an extraordinary look at her diplomatic tool kit, which is how secretary albright has set a bar on diplomacy of using pins to help you move diplomacy forward. also going to capitol hill to meet with our legislators to
advocate for theortance of developing diplomacy and democracy. i want to know not only how you chose your pinpoint today, but why should we virtually are actually wear tomorrow to make our ce. what are you choosing to her today and tomorrow. >> the whole book is my effort to make foreign policy reform. but it started because i love jewelry and i was at the u.n. right after the gulf war and the cease-fire had been translated into resolutions. i was an i was an instructive ambassador in my instructions were to make sure sanctions stayed on. everyday i said something terrible about saddam hussain, which he deserved. all of a sudden a poem appears comparing me to many things, but
i'm done an unparalleled surfing. i had a snake pit and i stood up wearing it whenever we were talking about iraq. they asked me why i said it. and ihoughthis i fun. i went out and bought a lot of custom jewelry to pick whatever we're going to do on a given day. and on bad days i were a lot of spiders and carnivorous animals. and i would say read my pain. in order to be germane on some of the russian, when i was secretary of state, we found they were back in the state department and the diplomats do witches to moscow. the next time i met with foreign
minister and i were this huge bug and he knew exactly what i was saying. [laughter] am wearing statue of liberty today because i am a refugee and what is going on now is un-american a i really do hope that people talk about diet. the truth is that in fact to go back to my book as i learned, what happened was my cousin was said to tears and been separated from her mother. what is going on now and align myself and made it very clear how un-american this all is. this is not the america that we are all proud of. so i would urg i wouldn't mind and statues of liberty, but i also do think that there needs to be, i have a
next, dat othe 11th ngressnal district where congressman dan donovan has been charged in the republican primary who previously served in congress, but resigned amid charges of tax evasion. >> good evening and welcome to the college of staten island were tonight we are holding the 11th congressional district