tv Interview with Douglas Brinkley The Quiet World CSPAN July 21, 2018 3:50pm-4:04pm EDT
small ones. all right? [applause] >> thank you for coming. >> copies of henry's book are available at the checkout desk. he'll be up here signing. please form a line to the right of thible and our staff would appreciate if you fold up the chairs you're sitting in. >> that's george plasker by the way. [inaudible conversations] >> next up, for booktvs alaska weekend, an interview with historian douglas brinkley about his book, "the quiet world" save alaska's wielders king knock, 1879 to 1960. >> doug brink lee you have
britain about the flood in -- and katrina and jimmy carter. why alaska? >> right now i'm writing the whole history of u.s. conservation movement and my first volume was called the wilderness warrior and dealt with theodore roosevelt and john pure and it's -- john muir and begins in 1879, john muir, going up and seeing those incredible gray irish the inside passage of alaska and writing about putt and a whole group of what i call wilderness warriores have work to save wild alaska, including theodore roosevelt, and i'm now work on the third violent on the silent spring revolution, and the 1960s. this is not just a history book.
end it in 1960, when eisenhower saved the arctic refuge, anwar and that's our nation's greatest wildlife refuge. >> host: this is a story about points. let's begin with president teddy roosevelt. >> guest: he saved the whole grid of modern oklahoma. today we have an alaska maritime national wildlife area, the aleutian chain. their stopped the timbering on the panhandle of alaska and places leak the yukon delta, i and roosevelt thought democracy had to be synonymous with wilderness and alaska is an incredible wilderness and a wornland. america without an alaskan
welder -- more temperatured landscape in alaska than any state extraction sits, oil, gold, sill very, sink, always looking to despoil the state. >> host: did tr ever visit alaska. the visited himself opportunity come with the heriman expedition in 1899, be get from them at the spanishar and ran for governor of new york but he selfed volumes of -- received volumes of the report of others who went to alaska and wrote reports, what were or heirlooms, what needed to be saved two areas today just under pressure to develop, bristol by a, the greatest fish can area and roosevelt did all these lieus to save the sam ron rub and now the pebble mine company out of angelo anglo-american corporation is trying destroy the great fishery areas that roosevelt fought to save and same with a arctic refuge,
eisenhower crated it and now your hail drill, baby, dreamt that is like mining the grand canyon or chopping down redwood trees average it's bad idea but because the public doesn't see the arctic where a polar den and the great caribou herd, they think of it as energy instead of a gift. >> host: what role did alaska play the found offering the bull moose party. >> guest: very seminole roll. a long story but roosevelt after he left the president si, 48 hours after leaving, saved mt. olympus in washington state. part of olympic national park. went to african for the smithsonian institute and he live behind for will howard taft, the taft administration started giving sweetheart deals to corporations, what they could the guggenheim syndicate.
the today's exxonmobil or shell and giving them sweetheart deals and clearcutting whole areas and leaving it in -- the raping, the beginning of the raping of the coal lands of alaska, pinchot blew a whistle and went to see relevant and came back and one of the first speeches he gave was -- the america the beautiful movement and roosevelt weighed in on it and created most successful third party in the american history, the bull moose party in 1912, and that conservation plank becomes what the ccc will become under fdr, roosevelt had all these ideas of how to inventory, our biology and also save the treasured landscape. >> host: you have a chapter in the quite wolds called the new wilderness generation, who is that about. >> guest: the new wilderness generation, after fdr died -- he
was force of nature he was our naturalist president, bird watchers, saved 200 million acres and after he died there was not one figure who extend into the fray but leopold in new mexico wrote roosevelt a letter and eventually i think is one of the great write america american history wrote -- becomes the foot soldier of the movement. marty and -- a couple in alaska that dogsledsed he area and did all the wildlife guide books and things, set up a -- all leads to the wilderness society being created, which is saying we need some parts of america that don't have roads, nat order to be mere in hot downtown austin you want to believe you can take day's drive and be in a place like big bend national park, where you can get away from industrialization and these are the foot soldiers of the
roosevelt revolution. >> host: who was william odouglas and what role did he flay alaska? >> guest: everybody know to know out william o. douse has, the longest supreme court justice and came from yakima, washington, and the most powerful conservation spokesperson america had after theodore roosevelt. rote a book called "mymy wilderness" about the west and cease a wrote a children's biography of john muir and a wilderness bill of rights and is a supreme your justice. he could walks not sitins. the gather a bunch of people and say, let's save the canal along the potomac with, save the beaches along the legitimate in washington state and douglas was very close to the kennedy family and was a promoter of -- by 1960, douglas is a big influence on why we have the arctic will at the does. convince his eisenhower's
administration to create it and then in the '60s he is seminal with second of sponsor, udoll, bobby kennedy, making people understand that conservation and environmentammism was good for public health. people needed clean air and clean water and that species needed to be saved. we once had a billion passenger pigeons and not one alive today. but a species like the polar bear, who get very stressed right now, american public has to say, no, enough is enough. we need these species. i have three little kids running around here. all little kid love animals and wildlife and this book tells tee story our how wildlife was saved not just in alaska but in america. >> host: walt disney. >> guest: disney's seminal in my book because he did some documentaries on alaska that were game changers. one called seal rock and it was about -- he won the academy ward and it had only seals in it and it was about stop slaughtering
the northern fur seal out of existence weapon need to protect seal life and did one called white wilderness, the big bad wolf, something you could kill or hot and they're almost treated like very minimum. desany went 180 the other direction and did a documentary with them as little cubs, licking a woman, lois' face but suddenly made kids like wolfs for their first time as animals and you see the reintroduction of wolfs in places like yellowstone and elsewhere in the united states. most americans want to think we have a country where we haven't driven thank you wolf completely out of north america so the wolf sear individual in american because of this band of conservationist i write about in the quiet world. >> host: a lot of good pictures in this book as well which we really can't show you just because of the logistics of standing here, but if you do pick it up there's a lot of beautiful color pictures as well. finally you end this book with
the end of the eisenhower administration. >> guest: yes, because ike did two incredible things at the end of his administration. he saved the arctic refuge, he demille tearsized antiarcticca we we him to thank for crediting the largest wildlife refuge in the united states and this elemming sile cycle you'll hear about drill ourselves in economic prosperity but the truth is we don't want to start mortgaging our great heirloom that have been shaved i'm arctic refuge needs to be padres of the u.s. fish and wildlife does and does not need to become a platform nor shell oil to get a little gas for a few years and ruin a treasured landscape. >> you take point of view in this book. >> guest: very much so. i feel myself part of the people i write about only because i
love america so much, and i grew up going into the smoky mountains and the evergladeses and yellow stone and camped up in the arctic refuge and people say there's nothing there are lying to the american people. airs wonderland of nature and wildlife. >> here some young brink brink -- we have been douging to doug brinkly. what i wanted to tell the kids was behind us here is the c-span bus, and we have had a bus now for 20 years or so or a couple of buss and it's currently ore 2012 campaign bus, but doug brinkley is the inspiration behind c-span's having a traveling bus, tell us about your book -- >> i wrote a book called the magic bus but i took college students on the road and would we read, visit the reagan library and the truman library, all purpose american studies
class on wheels and i did a booknote to brian lamb,broken liked the -- we had a similar vision of getting out of washington and new york. there's a great wild america out there, a lot of historic sites to see as you do in covering book festivals and the idea at c-span, let's get some buses move around and have public policy from across americans instead of just a keep of owes coast cities and it's been a great discuss because it's again c-span an opportunity to cover events like thicks. >> you're living since katrina in austin, or since you left new orleans, what is your day job. >> i'm a prefer of history at rice university. i'm teaching three classes right now, history of the cold war -- in houston and i have nine months off to work and i have been working on a buying aography of walter cronkite who went to school here at n austin at ut, and i've been particular
going through this papers and coming out with their harper collins in may of -- simply called cronkite. >> we have didn't talk with doug brinkley in the texas heat about his work "the quiet world. i" professor brink lee, we appreciate your being on c-span. >> thank you. >> more about alaska, willy hensley talk us about his book, "50 miles from tomorrow: a enemy posterior of alaska and re real people." he recounts his childhood as an alaska native and histonnures in the alaska house of representatives and state senate. >> i'm actually shocked and awed. thank you very much for coming. i'd like to thank susan and hartside for inviting me down to