tv Road to the White House 2020 Mayor Pete Buttigieg Meets With Iowa Voters CSPAN February 9, 2019 5:03am-6:47am EST
coming out. -- is a mayor a husband, and in his eight and final year of the morof south bend, indiana, he was first elected mayor in 2011 at only 29 years old and reelected in 2015 with 80 percent of the vote. [applause] >> under his leadership the south bend had reimagined its role in the global economy with job growth, and major investments in advanced industries. focused on data and technology. he serving as a lieutenant in the u.s. navy reserve, and took an unpaid 7-month leave during his mayoral term for disappointment to afghanistan. for his counter terrorism work he joins with the medal. he ran for. . .
. >> thanks for the warm welcome in the can graduate one - - introduction ice-t so much what is going with our right and party with victories like heather's victory right here in this district. [applause] she is here? there you are. good to see you. welcome but thank you for demonstrated some of those assumptions that people make that if we work hard and work every district and every door speaking to communities who have not heard a democratic voice in a long time then good things will happen. thank you for introducing me to ankeny in the first place for what you are doing. . >> what this crowd is intergenerational character because that is what is at stake with our project and
also in 2020 but i'll come back to that. let me start sharing about south bend because maybe you have had the pleasure of visiting our city a straight shot on 80 it is pretty easy to get to our home it is a community that i love and believe in but we were characterized at the beginning of the decade as one of the ten dying cities and we represent what was happening in many parts of the industrial midwest with the departure of the auto industry and loss of thousands of jobs there was a sense some communities might not ever come back i grew up believing that message that success meant going away as far as you could. i did do that. i got an education on the east coast and then overseas but the further i got away from home i realized it meant something to be from the midwest and to be somewhere in
particular so to make a long story short south bend my home is now on a completely different trajectory. we still have major challenges as a community but we have begun growing again dealing with abandoned houses and job loss and we have seen many people lifted out of poverty in recent years because of the way that community came together and admitted the future would not look like the past that studebaker of the twenties wasn't going to come back but we were. i wanted to talk about how. this maybe sounds like something provincial a mayor coming to tell the story of one city in indiana but i think it is what is happening in america right now. we have seen some dreadful
things the last few years, the divisiveness, rise of hate speech and children in cages that we did not believe were true or possible for our country and what is most troubling for me through all of that is the idea of what america needs most may look backwards with the industrial midwest is resentment and nostalgia that is how our part of the country is characterized especially people from the east and west coast trying to take our measure to understand what we are about. i don't think we are about that but we are willing to recognize the past we'll be different from the future but we honor our past and build on that in new ways that are especially important if a generation like mine can make it. moving on to the generation that grew up with school shootings as a norm when columbine happened sometimes
now they're not even newsworthy. with the generation for the tax cuts on billionaires passed recklessly by the last congress. the generation already on the business end of climate change facing climate problems that have only gotten deeper in our lifetime. i believe our generation has something to offer to make sure america continues to be a country where at every turn we are better than we were before. i believe the democratic party also needs to learn to talk more comfortably about things that only conservatives have talked about in recent years starting with freedom. freedom didn't used to be something that one party monopolized but it used to be a basic american value but i believe if you are looking around the world like russia or saudi arabia, or right here
at home new defenders who understand that government is only one of the things that can make people free. actually our values help expand freedom for the next generation because if you are not free, you cannot start a small business because leaving your job means losing health care. you are not free of consumer protections are erased you cannot sue a credit card company even after they are caught ripping you off or in my experience of the county clerk can tell you who you ought to marry because their interpretation of the mary. so let me introduce you to my husband who is in the back of the room. [applause] freedom to organize for better working conditions that is
something i believe in this moment only people from our side of the aisle can and must defend that our party was named after democracy for some pretty good reasons we should not be afraid to talk about whether they are getting there do or the fact they outrank people and we have to get money out of politics were districts in many parts of this country are drawn to where politicians instead of the other way around. that our fellow american citizens in places like dc or puerto rico but those political decisions and just as hard working and have just as much at stake or the fact the electoral college has overruled the american people twice in my short lifetime and one might think that in a democracy the person who gets
less votes than one of theirs. [applause] and in a state like mine we might as well be in puerto rico or washington d.c. the way the electoral college rubs out the relevance of so many states. we have to make sure the democratic republic is a little more democratic and then security. because security is something honestly our side of the aisle has left others to talk about somebody is sent to war on the orders of an american president i take a very personal. there is also border security and then traditional security like the military i participated in her border security which is absolutely an important part of american security but what about cybersecurity? you cannot build a wall to stop the attacks that are happening in cyberspace even as we speak.
what about election security? the democracy can be undermined through foreign attacks i doubt very much anything by the way of traditional weaponry can keep anybody safe. how about recognizing when cities have been inundated, including mine with a thousand rain line - - 1000 year rainfall that is peculiar mathematics. california basically caught fire and these problems are accelerating. we cannot leave the management of that issue who are afraid to acknowledge it doesn't exist these 21st century security concerns i believe deserve leadership from a new generation and i am so excited to see in the u.s. congress and state houses around the country, so many fantastic young leaders stepping forward
and i am offering myself up as a generation of that leaders admittedly coming from a nontraditional background to be in the 2020 conversation , but may be with the less things you have in dc the better and i'll little more of what is going right is what we need to export to dc before they export the way they do things to us. [applause] so in a nutshell that is who i am and why i'm here. this is our first day in iowa since we rolled out the exploratory committee the responses been tremendous and moving and edifying because i learned very quickly that people in this state take the early state status very seriously and show up with
really difficult questions. so before i submit to those if the members of the team are in the room they are working incredibly hard to make sure we get to know each other i hope you will follow up with them. . >> [inaudible conversations] i am a member of the community so what is your position of the movement quick. >> in may of last year was my first chance to go and i got a much deeper understanding of
the complexity and the issues that are there i don't see how that advances the americans ability to be an honest broker in the situation. i do think israelis with support from the american jewish community can confront some of the challenges that are ahead how you can be a jewish state and a democracy and be safe and continue to be a great ally to america and play the role in the oldest democracy but in many ways i left with an awareness that any simple solution will not cut it with the future to the middle east. thank you for the question. >> what do you envision as a long-term role to help afghanistan quick. >> first of all, we have to acknowledge we just can't go on like this with endless war
in afghanistan or anywhere else. there are people old enough or not even alive when 9/11 happened. i care about that mission about my life on the line for that mission but we also need to be realistic we will not have a western-style scandinavian democracy anytime soon we need to make sure is not a place to come back and harm us i do believe that can be done with a commitment of the american troops it is encouraging to see the taliban and is in talks because they are serious about willing to put down there arms then we have a way forward i'm a little concerned the afghan government is on the sidelines so i hope if we expect peace to endure we find more robust ways to include the government at the table it is hauntingly beautiful but we need
stability and peace beyond what it takes america to stay safe here at home. >> high. i am also part of the lgbt community so politics can be a very hostile place especially if they are not white so what word you say has been your inspiration for politics as someone who is gay i guess? and also what would you do to help encourage other people or especially those of color to go through those ideas of freedom quick.
>> it is such an important question so part of what i am getting at there is another word that helps address that concern the idea of belonging. everybody wants to belong and choices made by politicians can be made easier my marriage is the most important thing in my life and it exist because of the us supreme court i feel so intimately why politics matters. but it is also the tone so high school is a tough place to get through even if you are not part of that lgbtq community even if you are so transgender is the exact opposite of what we hope leaders do whether they are mayors or not. we have made some lurches in
the wrong direction whether picking on troops with their lives on the line or hate crimes or hate speech or the inability to pass the federal equality act but a take enormous courage from what has changed and the things that our different. frankly if you would ask me ten years ago i would not have believed you could be out or in politics but not both. now i'm addressing a roomful of people in iowa about my hopes for our country with my husband looking on in the back of the room. [applause] when i came out mike pence was the governor of the reelection
campaign i was elected with 80 percent of the vote we didn't know what would happen but treat people the way you wish they were and they will often respond by modeling that. i have great faith and great hope for the future for that reason. thank you. >> what is your perspective envision quick. >> the arrival of the green new deal is not a moment too soon i support those goals that were articulated in the resolution when the bill was introduced spelling out the framework. now that said, we have to be candid this is a set of goals more than a policy. there are a lot of things that need to be spelled out before it turns into something actual. but conceptually the foundation is the acknowledgment we are in a
state when it comes to climate so how can this not be an emergency that calls for extraordinary emergency measures so often americans have risen to emergencies and ways and there is a metaphor that is so inspired because the new deal was in response to the depression in the war it established on now what we rely on as the bedrock of america like social security or aging is not a poverty sentence rules that made it possible to build infrastructure that we enjoy as a country although we have to do that now again. it shouldn't take a depression or a war to get that sense of urgency. if just once in our national life mount that effort before instead of after a calamity that would reflect so well.
there is a lot of work to be done on the details and how we get there, there were elements that were not in the framework that i would like to see i support cities growing on patterns that our more sustainable that we need to act with the urgency that is called for and i'm very glad it's on the table. >> there has been talk on both sides about the negative attacks or replacing the current system what is your take on that quick. >> talk about the negative income tax a universal basic income and the time has arrived for that conversation i have a considered view of how we would set that up we are watching with my friend in california where they are literally doing an experiment to see how this works but if
somebody who works on policy for a living there has been moments where we have developed a very elaborate policy contraption to try to solve a problem in education or public health and it turned out the most efficient and cost-effective way was just to make sure people were a little less poor the relationship like the third grade reading level or lead poisoning that was strictly on income. so talking about the expanded earned income tax credit or a negative income tax. first of all, with the energy dividend up there with a ready have that in alaska there are other mechanisms we should consider. i'm not there yet is the honest answer but i am intrigued and it's a healthy debate especially as evidence come in from on the ground experiments.
>> [inaudible conversations] . >> thank you for that so if you could not hear the question referenced roosevelt's freedom from fear and the relationship with fear and trust and how you build trust across the country. i think that is one of the biggest things that keeps us safe for grant the city level i think about it a lot because if all you know, about south bend is you see a beer when we
have football games we are not a typical college town we are not racially homogenous wealthy community you might picture. we are actually largely low income and very diverse about 45 percent non- white so i learned very quickly especially with racially sensitive officer involved shootings or things that threaten to pull our community apart one of the most important things the executive can do is to hold the community together and doing what you can even if it is just a walking symbol or through policy to build that kind of trust we had a lot of issues with trust with vacant and abandoned houses because people in the neighborhood that had been neglected felt like we were doing something to them so we had dozens of public meetings to establish
we are working with them to deliver results for them so by the end more people than not those that were most anxious what city hall was coming said what took you so long and can you do some more? and one other thing outside of my city experience is my military experience you learn to trust people with your life who are frankly not those that you would normally break bread with if the different background or politics or you may not have gotten to know otherwise. my job was driving armored vehicles when somebody gets in your vehicle you learn to trust them and they learn to trust you. they could not care less if i was going home to a girlfriend or boyfriend or a democrat or republican they just want to
know if i knew where to look out for the ied's and the intel briefs. so we need more of that but it shouldn't require in a war for that to happen that's why think national service needs to be taken more seriously right now if you create more national service opportunities you build that trust because that's important. >> talk about the policies how does that come to washington? [inaudible conversations] [laughter] so how would you change washington? . >> coming again it has to be pragmatic because one thing you will never see is a city government where they have a policy disagreement like
having a battle with my consequence the option is to shut the city down. that won't happen so we just solve it. it's not always easy. politics is fierce but it happens and we need in terms of a governing agenda also i think it's the case a lot of the ideas that have been characterized to one side are consensus ideas like making our democracy more democratic with infrastructure the one thing that we might actually do across party lines it turns out the infrastructure plan is what we do already but as a real plan that would bring people together there is a lot of us from teacher pay to common sense gun safety measures that people are for but not necessarily the
[inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] . >> that's a great question democrats are looking to find a voice on this that is honest but reaches people where they are. one of the problems i found in our party is sometimes we view somebody who was displaced in the economy as being broken like we will fix you we have
well-intentioned training programs. don't get me wrong i felt to sponsor these but the message is there is something wrong with you we will fix you then you will be happy that this identity is completely different what you are use to so even if we can get somebody who has been disrupted in one industry ad job and another one with the income to match isn't easy but it can be done a job is a lot more than an income. it is a source of meaning when you meet somebody at a party and say what do you do? it's how we explain where we fit in the world but a generation that is likely to change careers more than the parents generation change jobs but that expectation of a lifelong relationship with a single employer isn't there in
the same way so it's not the same source of identity or purpose. so basically they said the way of doing things is not coming back but we are and here's how so it turns out the community itself can be a really good answer to that question of what fills the void of your identity to play a role in the comeback of a city like ours and the growth like this with an interesting trajectory that we want to encourage to help people draw meaning and it does sound conservative but it doesn't always have to come from the workplace because in reality those changes will only accelerate not just the blue-collar but cpa, not
mayors yet but there is a lot of automation coming to the white-collar world we have to fit that together because if we don't then you will see the ugliest forms of politics rushing in to fill the void and we are seeing some of that right now. >> mister maller - - mayor welcome. on the issue trying to identify what people can agree on to do something what about the aging of america which nobody talks about but which they should be. actually a should not say that we have been talking about it for a long time but not doing anything. twenty-nine years ago there was a commission that talked about aging of america and all this people in the baby-boom category living longer than they imagined and will need help how will we pay for this that was 29 years ago. we had another congressional
commission all these people are getting older with baby boomers and they will live longer need help to pay for this then another presidential commission eight years later and guess what? they said the same thing we've been talking about this 21 years we have identified all kinds of potential approaches to deal with the challenges that come along with aging so if you will put that on your radar if you have seen with your own perspective from the mayor's chair to make it a greater priority as president of the united states quick. >> that's a great question speaking about generational issues it makes tons of sense for us to explore so thank you for raising those. in short a couple of things i want to mention that deserve attention is to make sure we highlight when we have a conversation technology and
automation it is presented as a conversation for the young but one of the most exciting things is automated vehicles from the freedom perspective in a country where driving equals freedom and for more - - many people lost to be of able to drive means a loss of freedom we could enhance people's freedom by hooking them up to those resources just to have mobility that wasn't possible a few years ago. understanding how those changes are to the benefit and this is a financial question it is intergenerational those that are assigned to take care of that generation but it can be good news if america can produce the goods and services it needs in fewer hours of work they are freer to put
more hours with good meaningful work that isn't always compensated for on the books like taking care of family members whether kids are parent parents. we have to have a national dialogue that values that work more basic proposals of basic income suggest to be connected to that work. i welcome your challenge to talk about those more deeply. think you. >> [inaudible conversations] . >> student loans is a huge issue for me this is one and
it is another example of something that i think diminishes the freedom of a new generation if you cannot explore your passions because there is a crushing load of student debt comparatively obvious things need to be looked at like being able to refinance student debt like you could on your house there is a cost but it makes sense to me also expanding the public service loan forgiveness program which has become hard to access all the people that work for the city or public servants we made sure we connected them with resources to benefit them because like pay for teachers of they are willing to work in a critically important and embarrassingly under compensated profession like teaching at the very least let's make sure we buy down the debt they incurred to become qualified to have that
job. needs attention and resources and political will whether we resolve that is what we will decide frankly as we become the first in history to be worse off economically than our parents or the one that unlocks the potential than more that have come before us. >> i was drafted in 1954 with the vietnam war. i was sent to germany rather than vietnam. and i have virginia health care i had successful colon cancer surgery in 2012. i got excellent care here in des moines. but the president talks about
turning some of the virginia health care to go private what is your feeling on that quick. >> i'm very interested especially, right now we have a lot of agencies in government who don't believe in government. there are real consequences to that from environmental protection to the virginia and in some ways we sympathize because we want government to do a better job if you don't believe in it then if that is motivating the conversation we know there are challenges with the virginia - - the veterans administration especially with weight times but i'm glad to hear you had a good experience most of the people i have served with have been well looked after as well. >> i want to make sure they get that same care.
>> that is what intergenerational justice looks like some those that responded the most powerfully to the idea of paying attention to the relationship between generations of those who served and thank you for serving by the way to make sure this country is in good hands for the generations to come. thank you for serving and raising that issue. >> one of the issues of separation of church and state and as the president talking to the religious right and the liberal left that you will protect people from opposing their religious views like hobby lobby and then also you protect their rights but you
also need to protect the religious right. >> it is true religious freedom means the ability to be treated the same of any faith or no faith and that is how the country got started i have a lot of thoughts and feelings coming up especially in mike pence indiana. [laughter] i believe that there. but it is important especially in a moment when we see a lot of religious intolerance it is visited on the heads of americans who feel less of that sense of belonging. and to accommodate people of all faith and no faith. it is very important for me for somebody who is religious but also understands i have no
business to impose that on anybody else. but also somebody whose life has been shaped and sometimes made more vulnerable by people who decided they wanted to impose their interpretation of their religion that makes it harder for me. i don't understand it to be honest not just a policy debate that with my fellow christians about what christianity ought to look like. because that christianity i study talks about welcoming strangers and helping the poor but that's for another debate. [applause] but the bottom line is people who built america were believers in religious pluralism even before they figured out that democracy part we had democracy in the 18h
century but we had religious pluralism in the 17th century if you don't have that i don't know if this is america anymore so with the subcommittee in 2009. [laughter] . >> another freedom issue with respect to freedom in iowa especially and in indiana it feels like we're moving backwards an obstacle after obstacle is created in legislation here in iowa to take away the rights of women to have jurisdiction over their own bodies. now we have more right-wing supreme court justices that
will actively make that attempt. so what are your thoughts on that issue and what about the freedom to have control for girls to have freedom over their own body quick. >> indiana and iowa are in the same with this issue restriction has been piled upon restriction. to talk about freedom, so many people interstates and countr country, my belief is pretty simple, which is this is a very difficult and challenging decision a woman has to make with the guidance of her doctor and the last person that should make that decision
is a male somebody like me. [applause] and yes if they cannot get the results they want in the democratic process they look to the judiciary to do it and that's what is happening right now. this will be moved to the courts but those of course, come back to the democratic process so if we care about this issue and we will appoint justices accordingly. >> i have two questions in 2016 halfway through the primary and with bernie sanders i don't know what happened inside but i know it didn't happen that they didn't form a coalition they did not come together so if you were lucky enough where you
consider a coalition with another senator so what is your definition of medicare for all quick. >> i express admiration for your t-shirt. [laughter] i will take the second one first everybody to be covered by insurance but i want to assert something here because i think the politics around this are out of whack. the furthest you could go on health care is market-based corporate only no government involvement to its logical extreme. or you could argue the
physician to the left all the way on the left would be full government run socialized medicine. but now we have private medicine that paid for by public insurance to make sure literally everybody is insured to stop calling that a centrist compromise position as a newfangled idea to recognize that for the compromise that it is. [applause] . >> medicare right now is part d to the medicare pool so do you envision if we address the health care problem that it will follow that path of a hybrid insurance quick. >> we need to systematically
with a medicare advantage plan or a supplemental plan with co-pays or deductibles. i'm giving simple expressions around the complex part of the lives but my appreciation for medicare went through the roof that we went through with my father recently and during his illness we had to make some very challenging decisions and a very hard time for our family. all we had to think about what was right for our family and him medically. and thank god we were not also thinking about the finances of family if they would be able to survive financially with medical choices and when i say thank god i mean think the policy makers for the existence of health care's you can talk about the different
structures that pathway could be medicare for all for those who want it to make it available as a public option than if people like me are right and that is how we graduate to a world where it is single-payer. but that's where i come at it. i plan to support the democratic nominee in 2020. [applause] . >> but if they would have run together what about those parts of the party together. >> i believe in the possibility of forming a coalition you never know how it will strike at one --dash shakeout but i want to get to those who haven't had a chance. >> a combat veteran of vietnam so what are your thoughts on the veteran virginia situation?
but as a service officer and the caucus chair the health care in the state of iowa for veterans with mental health issues or those mental health facilities in the suicide rate of 22 per day it is hard for veterans to put their families around the fact that america respects their service, thank you for your service. what does that mean? what do we mean to you? how far will you go so what will you do for us? with the new program started last november is called the rapid modernization program to
replace the past program for the virginia that has a devastating part of that where you have to sign the form to give up your right to appeal the virginia discipline - - veterans administration decision going into february of this year. but then you have to defend your country and then not provide health care? i'm glad my brother was taken care of and i look forward to our sister being taking care of but in this state and across the country we are 400,000. should that be a priority? you hear it all the time i support the troops.
i support the troops. but the facts are that we are going the other way and they have it in their back pocket that you have to give up your right to qualify for the appeals process i don't think anybody in this room would give up their right to appeal on anything we are asking that disabled veterans. >> thank you for raising that and i agree anybody could say thank you for your service but how do we pay that? to me, this isn't a benefit in the sense of being a gift but people who raise the right hand in putting their lives on the line and america has to keep his end of the bargain
especially the mental health side that is where we are the most efficient and there is an epidemic of suicides by people who have been let down it will not be fixed overnight but it demands the resources that we have. because that is extremely concerning. . >> god bless the ones we are fighting for every day working in the virginia facility and they are great people i am not down trotting on the system 80 percent of the american people believe they are taking care of. >> i will say something else on the fema conversation when
i came back from afghanistan people were standing at the airport cheering and clapping with balloons and it is very hard to think about the idea it's in that situation and the way they feel to carry out that policy and in south bend we did a much belated welcome home ceremony but want to let you know, when to be treated much better i'm sorry that that happened. >> bet your generation is not a generation of veterans may
have a veteran in arizona file a claim that said i need the mone money. and when he filed the claim he sat up on television that we have to move on. and at 945 we were notified the claim was denied. how can that be? because we can have a hearing anywhere we want and we can decide who will be there. this is documented.
i don't think we are taking care of our veterans. >> i would love if one of my team members could follow up with you just to find out more. >> of the chair of the iowa democratic caucus. >> i look forward to your help to get more educated. thank you for that. [applause] [inaudible conversations] with the incredibly low rate of participation of our democracy and i think sometimes at the local level
and so what do you think the president can do for how important it is or what policy could be made to increase education in our democracy. >> the question is about participation and democracy and it is critically important. there is some very specific policy measures we can make right away to make it easier we are looking to give the workforce more time off to take advantage of early voting. there is no constitutional basis for election day to be on a tuesday it was to ride your horse into get to market in time for wednesday. maybe it would make sense to have it on the weekend. maybe we do it on a saturday
out of me have it between saturday and sunday at of respect for the jewish and christian community. maybe we just make it a holiday. [applause] and forgive me for being a little partisan but i couldn't help notice the senator talking about the election being a holiday was a power grab by our party. i would think if mo people voting is bad for your party there is something wrong with your party. [laughter] [applause] so it's time for us to do something about that we can make it easier and not harder.
. >> it was a disaster for our democracy and that was an interpretation of the constitution maybe we need to clarify the constitution that dollars don't have the same rights as people and corporations should not either. [applause] and to people who say it's way too pie in the sky, first of all, my home state senator some that did like getting the voting age changed of course, we are a more democratic society we change the constitution so you could not drink and then realize that was a bad idea and changed it back. [laughter] so we contemplate a considered decision of the country to let the constitution put the
rights of people above dollars. i will acknowledge that is not something you can do overnight or one presidential term. that's okay because you have to start somewhere but places like arizona can have an impact while not politically convenient frankly it makes a lot of sense because of that fairness it can create there has to be transparency and the patchwork of campaign finance laws is a problem there is no one silver bullet but voters need to hold officials accountable for if they make choices for the increase or decrease the money of politics and that is something we can do right away. >> holding politicians accountable, one thing i find important is the decisions
from those who actually went to blackface in general and then the other that is under sexual assault. >> there are other candidates who have their own dirty details so how do you go about that? how does a democratic party that says we are not the republican party and then have politicians do similar things?