tv Politico Hosts Discussion on Extreme Weather Disaster Relief CSPAN April 24, 2019 6:24pm-7:19pm EDT
today, his administration to boycott the dinner. watch live coverage at the present rally, saturday eat p.m. eastern on c-span and following the rally, watch live coverage 930 eastern with featured speaker, author and historian. >> long with other disaster response talk but the importance of being prepared for extreme weather catastrophic events. the acting deputy administrator stressed the need for public to take action head of the major event such as buying flood insurance, mitigate negative impacts. fifty minute discussion. >> good morning.
thank you so much for coming, i am caitlin, a budget appropriations reporter for political. thank you for sponsoring today's event. with me on stage is a food and agricultural reporter for the go pro. also explained covering these from funding by then congress to piled buyers to california. if a great panel today, immediately to my left is trevor, he's been the american red prosper more than a dozen years and now senior vice president for disaster cycle there's services. and washington state public lands commissioner, hillary protects and manages more than 6 million acres of public land. in charge of the state's largest wildfire fighting force. we have daniel, he's the acting
deputy at fema. he's the deputy administrator for resilience. that makes him famous second highest ranking official and he's also the leader of all the agencies in the program. and we have christina, the american progress and her research focused on the increasing frequency of natural disasters. >> thank you. have a lot of ground to cover. disaster aid is becoming increasingly on capitol hill. recovery is more complex and taking more resources because of the scale and intensity. state and local governments under pressure to be more prepared for disasters, make it costs and a mature remind everyone will take questions at the end so i encourage everyone to hold them until after. # political relief.
>> i think we should start off with the big fight that is currently ongoing on capitol hill. billions of dollars in funding has been held up in congress since december, for many of you, puerto rico is still the biggest sticking.in this fight democrats insisting on more funding and donald trump said the island does not need more funding. whether we can break through, that remains to be seen. this is not the first time this has been politicized. 2012, $51 billion package for hurricane sandy was held up for weeks and republican opposition. there, i want to start with you and ask you as the state leader, what about political sites in washington mean for states that are doing this work, preparing for disasters and have to do the
work or recovering from that? >> my agency is on the frontline from wildfires to flood to slides. the largest wildfire in the state. the fact our job is getting harder and harder when we don't have the resources up front to prepare and prevent. it costs us time, resources and unfortunately, it comes to the work we do, it has the potential to cost lives. where our community members or firefighters, when i like to remember is that in our firefighters are fighting for 16 hours a day, months on end, there never asking what is your political belief. what are your values? make that fire out? they're just working to get the job done and we have to be able to say we can't be divided, we can't be distracted we've got to get the job done and it costs us that time and resource it makes
it harder for us to prepare and do that work. >> what does this look like in terms of the impact on an organization like the american red cross were nonprofit? >> there's the risk of time for sure. conversation causing other things to slow down. long-term recovery disaster case or that trickle out of these federal dollars or programs. the time can be an issue for nonprofits for us, where we don't depend on the provisions, it's done by general donations. it adds a layer to make sure we are all unaided, we have the same thing in mind, we're chasing a single thing. but like any member in fire service is because the people are serving without any opinion on political affiliation. anyway we can streamline that is better for the people who need it.
>> he's weather events are happening more frequently. recent congressional research service reports, 2017 was a record here for disasters costing and the billions of dollars. i love to hear from you about how your agency is evolving in terms of being able to respond to more frequent disasters that are costing this much. >> something we realize after the 2017 hurricane, it wasn't just hurricane, it's wildfires and flooding. they need to focus on catastrophic events. most of the disasters in this country can be handled at the state level, local level, occasionally federal support. that was the act, legislation that created the rubric we offered in disaster respondents.
more frequent and more intense disasters, you must resources become stretched. by focusing on the catastrophic and the way we describe it is moving toward a federally supported state managed and locally executed program that for most disasters that would extend, we are talking about dollars 80% of the major disasters that fema response to cost $41 million or less. to put that in context, in puerto rico, they are currently spending about $50 million a week. many disasters you see are catastrophic and many others that you don't hear about having effective managed at the state or local level federal support. financial support is really for the state needs. they don't need fema to come in and take over.
>> like you said, obviously 2013 saw a stretch of resources. i know there was a recent review of the operation and response, they did acknowledge shortcomings there particularly with respect to puerto rico. can you describe how the agency he has changed thinking after 2017? did that year prompt any changes? >> absolutely. that's something they do. we review we did right and wrong and we are transparent about it. we published the report, google and see exactly what we saw is going well and not well. we put in our strategic plan. what i just mentioned about responding to truly catastrophic events, it's ready in the nation
for catastrophic disasters. where i focus most of our energy on, call one. it's creating a culture preparedness. consider this action to all of us here. what can we all do as a society to better prepare for future disaster? prepare ourselves, families and communities, state. so that we can reduce the future consequences now. in other words, take action now to reduce future disaster impact. i can give you more details as we have this conversation but i'll highlight that it involves actions we take on preparedness individually and as a community. mitigation, making investments in infrastructure to reduce those losses. three, entrance. it's really all three. >> we are going to talk about
about preparedness. i do want to ask, give us context about how research you have been doing on the increase on the trends you are seeing and hurricanes, wildfires and all disasters. >> 2017 was obviously a record-breaking year largely because of the hurricanes and devastation. from harvey, irvine and maria in puerto rico. that was the most extensive year on record in terms of disasters costing $1 billion for causing of installing and image. many of the worst disasters in the u.s. has been 2000. it's a result of the warming of the system, increase in severity of storms, sea level rise, increasing storm surge and the
catastrophic wildfires that we've seen in the west which i think often fall off the radar for those of us who live on the east coast. it's been devastating in terms of loss of property and lives and the public health impact. so we know this is just going to keep getting worse. we also know that for every dollar we spend in a predisaster mitigation, we see the scholars down the line in terms of cost after a disaster hits. the old adage that prevention is worth a tons of secure libby applies here. now the years of obama, there aren't really such things as natural disasters. are storms, severe event but the
consequences are the result of human decisions. in terms of where we locate homes and property and infrastructure and the kinds of visions we make and respond to disasters. they are within our control to change, particularly extreme weather will keep getting worse. >> as it gets more extreme, or to ask a question to trevor about how it's changing the red cross logistics and where you are prioritizing resources. >> the difference, we have two, what we do everyday, we respond to 60000 disasters a year many 5% of them are single family fires or hospers across the country. we get the call, volunteers job and make sure they have a place to say the money for food and recovered, that's what we do everyday. where it's changed is how we
rally resources. we were just talking about how the season is no longer a defined space, it's happening throughout the spring. it's now an annual event of catastrophic historic wildfires. we rally resources to be ready to respond just in time for something like a hurricane, you can plan a few days out to preposition supplies so that's created more partnerships. their connections to the community partners more than ever. making sure the indian tribe in lake county can open up shelter with resources before we get there. the fire may come before resources come. that's a big part of our strategy, the other part is recruitment of volunteers. we need volunteers in every community throughout the
country, not just was running to single family fires but also historic event we see on a regular basis year after year. >> i am curious how this is impacting, how you are prioritizing resources. >> what we are seeing in the disaster, the increase so after, we had the worst wildfire season, 8150 wildfires in washington. it wasn't just the harder areas but we had 40% on the west side. everybody else, it rings all the time, not in the more. we spent over the last five years, $153 million annually and fighting fires. his true that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure in two ways, one when we have the resources to fight the fires, helicopters and resource agreement and firefighters, we can get on top of the fires and
keep them small and get them contained quickly and put them out. it may be a surprise to every but our firefighting team, i only have seven helicopters to cover the entire state and every one of them fought in the vietnam war. every one of them. that shows you how we have not invested -- i don't know how many of you are still driving a car from the anon. no one out there is. they're putting our firefighters into these dangerous situations with outdated equipment and too little liquid. the reason why we see more catastrophic wildfires as we have a forced crisis. diseased and infected, all it takes is one spark, hundreds of thousands of acres will burn. we need to shift the model 11503 and were in pain up front to make sure we have the resources and capacity to fight the fire keep them contained and start treating force so we can remove that kindling and getting to the
mills and create jobs in our local communities. >> disaster strikes, local and state are test with that response, then they are overcome, they can go to president and ask for help and fema can evaluate and it triggers agencies and involves forest service, is a wildfire, infrastructure, so i think there could be better ordination among all of these different organizations so i can't do want to the panel, how you think based on the last two years, where the improvements can be made in coronation? >> one space we sing, in the past, we will focus on response, emergency wave and these
disasters. always seen in last two years is recovery, the long road ahead. piercing rico and a lot of people's -- we shifted to a large part of our work, recovery side. we have hundreds of million dollars in recovery operations in 27 races around the country. some of them from two or three years ago. the need is so great. hurricane michael, the communities there, we issued another $7 million to families in hurricane michael. the need is so great in recovery that is critical. state agencies, local agencies, that is one of the table that is getting bigger. there used to be a handful, now it's every buddy involved in recovery. how we bring them together, it's critical. something we are working on to get more practice. >> i'll respond on this, too.
we are a big believer we all got into this problem together and it will take all of us to get out. on two fronts, we are building a team that is not just my state agency but our local firefighters only up to federal agencies. the first is with wildfire strategic plan that will actually build a 20% wildfire fighting force, we didn't bill that with my agency but we built across local state and federal government is one thing, all hands working together to be able to get on top of the fires and keep them small. the second thing, because of force health crisis is these more catastrophic fires, we recognize fire knows no boundaries or disease. we built a plan to treat 1.25 million acres in the next 20 years as being agnostic to property lines and we've found a
good that has us doing products on federal land and state, tribal and privately so we can realistically treat the problem get on top of it. >> i think in our agency ordination is super important. local coronation is super important but congress there's a lot of responsible, too. for making that ordination possible we start out talking about the latest disaster, which is really problematic. for many years, and the usda, the first service had to borrow money from the profession budget in order to fight these increasingly severe fires. we work making investments that hillary is talking about. congress needed to act to make the funding for that kind of
constant borrowing against the future. earlier this year end the government shutdown one of the consequences that shutdown was the first service couldn't start wildfire training they do every year in the winter so travelers point, it's important to do it earlier and earlier because the fire isn't really a season anymore, it's more of a constant state of being especially in the west. these are the kinds of things that are typically part of the conversation in washington when congress is having these, they have incredibly severe consequences for our communities and the american people. >> connector? we usually do major training starts, used to start in may but we are looking them up to april. and march. because of the government shutdown, we had to cancel a number of training, 700 person
firefighter drinks. we thought it's okay, we'll catch up. the reality is, the second week of march, we had 64 fires in washington state alone in one week. never in the history of washington state ever had that problem. having tobacco with people on the ground pulling them in because we didn't have our training capacity. it's a real impact. >> we talked about the government shutdown a lot. the upper patients reporter, a lot of it covered, centered on the right into the funding that the president wants to free up for construction at the southern border and a few months ago, i did an interview with puerto rico government about this and at the time, it was a question of whether or not the trump administration would tap into the disaster funding for puerto rico to build water barrier at the seven quarter so i love to ask you about this. what was going through your head at the time when this was in question and i would up to get your thoughts on it and whether
or not you think we should be safeguarding against a move like that? >> first, let me say there's currently $29 billion available that fema's response before, puerto rico or any other 60 some open disasters proactive disasters in the country for now. $29 billion. any political issues happening outside of fema are not impacting right now. they won't impact us for the next $29 million. we will be in perrigo and all of these disaster sites around the country for the conclusion of that disaster. only through the recovery phase, which is located, long but it is necessary. for the federal government to be there with the state and local partners and make sure they can recover and effectively rebuild
and repair all of the infrastructure that is damaged. just to put things in perspective of how long we're talking about, i started september 2017 and that was around the time hurricane maria made landfall. not that far after that, i learned were finally closing one of our open disasters from 1994. northridge earthquake. twenty some years later. one, that shows we need to streamline our recovery project. two, it shows you fema will be there. throughout the entire recovery until all parties are satisfied and it's fully taken place. >> do consider the politics right now impacting the $29 billion, fema doing advocating against the president giving
this proposal to other priorities? >> i, doesn't likely impact our support to those current disasters. long as we have $29 billion in the bank account. >> i think this is a major theme of the conversation, you mentioned that for every dollar spent on preparedness, there's $6 savings and cost of this. so i want to ask daniel how fema is doing more to help them prepare for these disasters. >> again, this falls under building a culture preparedness. you mentioned preparedness, litigation and insurance. we've heard here is encouraging. we all agree that, specifically on vacation.
a study that showed 1 dollar invested in mitigation saves $6 in future costs. we've known that for some time, craig was a bit advocate. something that none of us had been able to encompass is to make inadequate or game changing investment in mitigation. our time has now come. last fall, the authorized through the disaster recovery format a new predisaster program. the disaster mitigation program that moves mitigation forward, most mitigation dollars that we provide, this is billions of dollars, following disaster. in other words, disaster strikes and the public assistance money
provide to rebuild and mitigation money provided on top of that to build that better. what does it make sense when you take a step back and say, look at all these potential areas of risk we have around the country. the vast majority only going to the areas that have been hit. should we take action prior? likely, commerce agreed and authorized a new program, i am pleased to announce the name of that new program, building resilience infrastructure and communities and of course, washington so we have be our i icy. authorizes fema to provide 6% of all of those disaster in previous year in a competitive nationwide program the next year. in other words, it's pre-disaster, is truly available
to all the committees at risk now that may or may not have been hit by disaster. we will work through that, we are working through that with stakeholders on the rollout. we are excited. as ms. very between depend on average, you look at ten year, 300 to 500 million that we give providing this print teacher. if you look at, recent. of time, especially when 17, if the program exists in 2017, and 2018 $3.4 billion available. that is a game changer. >> it's happening now? >> it takes a big disaster for change. that disaster recovery format, dra, that has 50 some provisions. one of which, the one i mostly
deep about, the new program. over the years, not just this administration, the previous and ministration as well. take actions before, during and after disaster. that would best benefit and disaster survival. >> you mentioned your plan of it, i love to hear more about how you are able to -- i think what does it look like to get to legislature, come up with creative ways to fund it. i think everybody knows the natural disasters were likely to see, people had been in denial but what if it's not about wildfire? what if it's not bad your? reality is, every year is worse
and worse now. there's no more question about whether we will have a good year, it's just going to keep getting worse. we've been making a case that says we will pay for the states regardless. the question is whether we pay to react and move potentially lives. unfortunately. in the context of watching or reacting to smoke and fire and danger. where will be pay to be proactive and treat the forest, grow local economy, protect and for us we need to start with a plan. we have every year been fighting for basically pennies and dollars for fire prevention and separation and forced health. so we built a 20 year strategic plan that is how much we will treat 70000 acres a year for the next 20 years, 1.25 billion, we do that and take the wood and send it to the, great local jobs and they are saying nine to 12% unemployment and proclivities.
we build 21 -- 21st century broader plan is as if we get on top of these and keep the fires strong, small, we need these resources up front. the legislature says as a great thing, we get your point, help me find some revenue to do that. no surprise. we've been working really hard to find a dedicated revenue and plan every year begging for funding to do it. you're basically hoping it welcome so we identified a source that will be every state has it, right now, it's a 2% tax on insurance premiums. obviously we want a direct between property and casualty and it would be a .52% increase to a 2.5% don't generate $62.5 million a year with a goal that as we invest year after
year, we will see an increase in the forced resiliency and decrease in fires so funding over time, will get less. as our goal. right now, we're fighting for it in the last week about legislative session. i think across the state, people see this is really disturbing impact in fire, no person in washington state was not we had worst air quality in the world at times last year. so every single person was impacted and i think everybody believes we have to take action now if we are going to change that should directory. you want a new number that isn't what we've seen for the last five to ten years. it will have to take mitigation up front. >> i was a little, we're talking about stage and i was surprised that learn that washington does not have a dedicated revenue stream to something like that. i love to hear a bit more in your research, other other
states or communities that have taken on efforts like this? should we be incentivizing more? legislative efforts, products local initiatives in this realm or what have you seen and you think this should be more common? >> we should be incentivizing a lot more, proactive state and local resilient activity to cut down on the risk of loss of life and property and future disasters. the challenging thing is that a lot of the traditional ways that we build our environment is really not incentivized at all. to mitigate these. so if you work in a place like houston, hurricane harvey was the third straight year in a row that he experienced a 100 year, maybe a 500 year flood of that
in terms of how severe and how widespread the flooding was in the previous years weren't, they were just normal storms. one of the reasons is because it's a real, over the years, the city has grown. they have spread out from the center, you have houses and roads and shopping malls and what not going in over what used to be clarity i'm a so now instead of the outer parts of houston, letting down into the historic neighborhoods, closer to the city center and you see the flood map, the zone at risk of flooding has been growing and growing over the previous years. >> so long as states and localities are not incentivized when they are not improving
development projects to take these risks into account corporate much every local planning commission is going to air on the side of increasing local tax revenue, increasing jobs, increasing housing and if you're not doing that planning in a dense way, resilient way, disaster will keep getting worse and worse. this is a debate in california, and other states but right now, there's not a lot of federal government to change those. >> that's a great way to go into the next segment. processes that need streamlini streamlining, we are just now introducing a grant program to help prepared, i love to hear from hillary or trevor, what
states and communities and nonprofits currently not receiving from washington that would be may be tremendously helpful? >> give a perspective in this context, over the last ten yea years, the number of fires in our state has more than doubled, the area has now encompassed the entire state. versus just certain pockets of our state. the season has moved from april and in this case, this year march all the way to october and november. if i look over ten years of funding for just fire preparation, not even mitigation because of the fire borrowing
problem we had but over ten years, our state budget, the funding we received from federal and state government has only increased $2.5 million over the entire ten years. that's it. 2.5 million. one fire alone cost $60 million to fight. what we have is a systemic problem at the state and federal level of not adequately funding the resources for the problem that is in front of us. ... it won't happen unless we put the investments up front. there's no more excuses for saying i didn't know or i didn't think it would be a bad year. we know the natural disasters that will hit every single corner of our country.
we know how much it's costing us and we know the actions that need to happen up front to reduce those costs and to make a difference in people's lives. there are no more time for excuses. >> i mean, since july 1st we have seen just over 63,000 homes destroyed in large-scale disasters in the u.s. which is just an average year, right, in this new paradigm we're in. think how extreme that is. we have tried to take that preparedness down to the family level. i think a lot of times, 63,000 can be so overwhelming. we tend to have a culture of hope for the best, right. we don't plan for the worst most time, we hope for the best. we really take it down to the family level. we have a great program we launched four years ago, we are going into living rooms and selling free smoke alarms door to door. we just went over a million and a half smoke alarms, we have documented 500,000 lives saved.
people who got a smoke alarm installed. what we need is more surround sound. the old adage of you have to hear something seven times to remember it. we need more air cover on that preparedness message. that's what i love about the brick program. it will help feed that sound, making sure families, that kids hear it in the schools, parents hear it in the workplace, families hear it in their living room from organizations like the red cross. we have to keep telling that story. it's not just about waiting for a nonprofit, a state agency, a federal agency, to provide some mitigation effort. it's personally for your family, what are the steps i can take to be better prepared. we are lucky to have corporate partners in the u.s. that keep stepping up, like anheuser busch. they have surrounded the nonprofit sector and said we're right there with you. they helped us create that surround sound not just in the profit world but in the private sector as well. >> one message that would be really valuable besides saying we can help save money by doing preparation and prevention, we
can help save lives, there's another context, we can look at it from an economic opportunity. again, many of the communities that are most hit are poor communities with limited resources and economically challenged communities. we have really made the case that says if we can get in and actually [ inaudible ] we cannot only save monies and lives but we can actually create jobs and create a better economic future in these communities. if we can start to make the case with brick and with our own state dollars that it's not about just preparation and preventing the worst, it's actually about preventing the worst and creating economic opportunity, it's a much better way and it's true, it will make a difference. >> we promised we would take questions so i would love to pivot to the audience and see if anybody has any questions. right here. there's a microphone coming around, i think, for you.
>> thank you. good morning. >> would you mind introducing yourself? >> oh, i'm a government relations consultant here in washington. so as technology becomes more useful in disaster relief, and i want to bring up the faa just approved drones to be used for commercial, i know there's been experimentation with drones for disaster relief but the disaster in puerto rico, there was a complete collapse of the communications system for the government which hampered national volunteer organizations such as yours. a lot of people then decided to do their own emergency relief and a lot of things stayed at the airports and runways, et cetera. how do you foresee the coordination of drone technology for disaster relief, but
especially when then everybody could then provide their own disaster relief and there is no coordination because then going to fema, what will happen is that fema assumes that the state is there as a partner, but puerto rico showed that sometimes the disaster is so big that you don't have a partner, and you are the first responder. how do you coordinate all of this? thank you. >> that's a great question. one of our big principles is around stewardship because we operate with donated dollars, with gifts from the american public and our program partners. we've got to be careful, we want as much of the money we raise to go directly to the families we serve, to people who lost their homes, we want as much to go to them as possible which means we're not spending a lot on infrastructure and tools. so we need to depend on a lot of other partners. you likely won't see the red cross buying or maintaining a fleet of drones to do that service. we will be relying on state, local and federal partners who have those resources. i think it speaks to a higher challenge of trying to stay in our lanes, right, and make sure we are maximizing efficiencies
across these different levels. we are all not trying to invent the same things, right. we have invested heavily in a common operating picture so we can track all of our resources. we are sharing that with our nonprofit partners so catholic charities, feeding america, salvation army, we don't want them to have to invest in the same thing we did. we want them to be able to serve the communities more so we are trying to share as much as we can across. i think that same value should be in all new technology, in all tools, where if something works, let's leverage it for the entire sector and let them invest in other pieces they're good at or have more expertise in. >> any other questions? >> good morning. great panel. i'm john byrd with miller wenhold. we run the 3d elevation program coalition. i wanted to really target
hillary and daniel. nationwide elevation data coverage in the use of lidar technology, there's a great partnership at usgs that fema contributes a sizeable chunk of its budget for nfip out of. the question for hillary, given that the landslide issue is ongoing, the five-year anniversary, can you talk about how washington state has leveraged it from your perspective and for the brick initiative, how would you see nationwide adherence relevant to infrastructure? >> great question. one of the other things i oversee is actually washington state geology survey. it wasn't until i was in this role i reminded myself we have five live volcanos in washington state. we are not ready, that's our challenge but we know the big
earthquake could happen at any time and we have landslides consistently and constantly, especially after fire, frankly. so we have been working tirelessly to get funding and we secured some funding from the legislature and it's a continued request to map all of our state based on landslide risk. obviously us doing that data and providing that information is only the first step. back to your point, it's the context of how we get that information to our local governments, to our communities, so they will actually use that in land use planning and where residences and businesses are being built, so we are starting this, we started this about three years ago. most people will know we had unfortunately the most tragic landslide in the entire nation within our state, where 43 lives were lost. we don't take this issue lightly. it's something we have to be investing more in. and we are in the process obviously of mapping the entire state to that. we also have the risk of tsunamis and are doing the same
in that way but it is a constant battle to get the funding and resources to do this work. so that we can make it available for those local governments and the community members. >> whether it's the elevation data or any kind of data that it helps inform risk, either to fema, to the agencies you mentioned. we have invested heavily into this data and are providing it to our agency partners at no cost but where the rubber meets the road is at the local level, the community level. we talked a lot about how you build and where you build can really influence how resilient that individual, that homeowner, that community is after a disaster. think about it as zoning, where you build. we shouldn't be building in some of these locations because they are prone to wildfires or are on the coast in very vulnerable areas and how you build, the building codes. again, a local issue. if we had more disaster resilient building codes, we wouldn't be experiencing the losses we are today.
>> we have time for one more question. >> zach coleman with politico. just wanted to -- sorry for taking the last question. i just wanted to ask real quickly, you talk about a culture of preparedness and that being important. at the same time, the trump administration has not talked about one of the major drivers of what's making events more extreme and intense, which is climate change, and i wanted to know what responsibility the trump administration has to talk about that issue and in what ways do local communities take cues from the federal government and are you preparing them enough by not addressing that issue? >> the climate is changing and i will say that again, i started the day, maria made landfall. you don't need to convince me we've had more extreme weather, more intense weather, more frequent weather, over the past two years. but there is also a hurricane
drought for 12 years prior. i can't tell you why that is, i don't want to attempt to explain it but what i can say is fema's perspective, regardless of the cause, we have to take action. we can't sit there and assume that whether it's fema, the federal government, the state government, the local governments are going to be there to respond and help you effectively recover from a disaster. if you are an individual, i think you need to know that not only is fema not a first responder, fema is not going to make you whole when a disaster strikes. we talked about hurricane harvey. it was an extreme event, to the outermost edges of the sprooext event and it hit an area that was prone to flooding, but was well outside the flood zone in many cases. in fact, 80% of the flood losses from hurricane harvey were outside of that hundred year flood zone. i absolutely refuse to use that term hundred year flood zone but it was mentioned. >> sorry. >> any home can flood.
doesn't matter if you are inside or outside a flood zone. you might be required to have flood insurance if you are inside that zone, but everybody should have it because there's a non-zero probability your home will flood and by the way, your homeowners insurance does not cover flood insurance -- does not cover flood losses. it doesn't. if you are relying on the federal government, you are going to get much less than you would from your insurance company. for example, hurricane harvey, harris county, texas. on average, we provided $4,000 to the average -- to the disaster survivor on average in harris county, texas. i'm proud we put $4,000 into disaster survivors' hands but $4,000 isn't going to make you whole. if you lost everything, $4,000 is a drop in the bucket. but if you would have known that your homeowners insurance policy didn't include floods, if you knew you were at risk from a 1 in 500, 1 in 1,000, 1 in 10,000
year flood in some of these areas, you probably would have bought flood insurance relatively cheaply. a very low premium. and instead of receiving $4,000 on average from fema, you would have received on average $110,000 because you took that proactive action. so am i being clear? take action now, whether it be mitigation programs that are going to be available to you, whether it be preparedness actions that you take as an individual, which includes financial preparedness, by the way, financial capability month. all of you should call your insurance agents after you walk out of this. and from a government standpoint, we need to realize that we have a huge problem on our hands which is spiraling out of control disaster costs that we can mitigate and we can prepare but ultimately we need to transfer those costs somewhere else and what we believe is we should transfer those costs to the private sector, specifically the insurance markets. we are practicing what we preach at fema.
we are transferring a lot of our flood risk off of the backs of federal taxpayers into the reinsurance markets. we just placed another $300 million last week in the reinsurance markets. but governments need to do that as well. the insurance gap, the difference between what's insured and insurable is huge in this country. it's the biggest anywhere in the world. we spend about $55 billion a year in losses due to natural disasters. of that, $30 billion is uninsured. said another way, more than half of our disaster losses are uninsured. so if i'm not being clear, please let me know but we need to take these actions and we are very passionate about that at fema. >> thank you. this has been a great panel. i think some of the big take-aways here is obviously we are in this new reality. i think it was you that said we have to rally resources for things that don't have seasons
anymore which is laalarming and it's obviously a battle to get these preparedness and mitigation funds but it seems like it takes the federal level but some of this has to be led at the state and local levels. but it's all hands, all land, everybody coming together to get it done. so let's give a round of applause for trevor, hillary, daniel, christina. [ applause ] thank you so much. i hope everyone has an awesome day. [ an audible conversation ] >> attorney general william barr heads to capitol hill twice next week to testify on the mueller
report. his first appearance is wednesday before the senate judiciary committee at 10:00 a.m. eastern. on thursday, he speaks to the house judiciary committee at a time to be determined. we'll have live coverage of both hearings on c-span 3. you can also watch online at c-span.org or listen live on the free c-span radio app. >> saturday night, president trump is holding a campaign rally in green bay, wisconsin, skipping the annual white house correspondents dinner. tuesday, he instructed his administration to boycott the dinner. watch live coverage of the president's rally saturday at 8:00 eastern on c-span and following the rally, watch live coverage at 9:30 eastern of the white house correspondents dinner with featured speaker, author and historian, ron chernow. >> once tv was simply three giant networks and a government-supported service called pbs.
then in 1979, a small network with an unusual name rolled out a big idea. let viewers decide all on their own what was important to them. c-span opened the doors to washington policy making for all to see, bringing you unfiltered content from congress and beyond. in the age of power to the people, this was true people power. in the 40 years since the landscape has clearly changed. there's no monolithic media, broadcasting has given way to narrow casting, youtube stars are a thing but c-span's big idea is more relevant today than ever. no government money supports c-span. its nonpartisan coverage of washington is funded as a public service by your cable or satellite provider. on television and online, c-span is your unfiltered view of government. so you can make up your own mind. >> as part of a recent forum on implementation of the u.s. government's global water
strategy, released in november 2017. this portion included keynote remarks by epa administrator andrew wheeler and u.s. agency for international development deputy administrator bonnie glick, among others. officials outlined the core objectives of the strategy which included increasing access to sustainable safe drinking water and sanitation services, protecting freshwater resources, promoting cooperation on shared waters and strengthening water governance and financing. this is about 40 minutes. >> good morning, everyone. it got very quiet. great conversations happening. i'm the director of the global risk and resilience program and