tv U.S. Senate Sens. Whitehouse Blumenthal on Climate Environment CSPAN June 25, 2019 7:42pm-8:03pm EDT
this particular amendment is an amendment that has a place in a debate but it has no place in this particular bill. first of all it is not within the jurisdiction of the committee that has this bill in front of them. it is the jurisdiction of our committee, the foreign relations committee. these issues on the world power and the presidents ability to use military force and serve a reasonable debate it is not a cavalier amendment like this that takes away the ability of our men and women to actually defend themselves. i would urge my colleagues to cast a no vote on this amendment and get on with the serious business and the important business of passing the national defense authorization act. i yield the floor.
>> senator sheldon whitehouse and richard blumenthal spoke on the senate floor about the impact of climate change on the environment. next, a portion of the debate. >> it is a great honor and pleasure to join the senior senator from connecticut on the floor today we were both u.s. attorneys, we are attorney generals together now serve in the senate together. i consider him a friend outside my day job as well. it's terrific to be here and a happy coincidence that senator from another great state, louisiana should be. presiding while we speak about -- this is my 247th of these speeches. we share a border with connecticut as well as a proud fishing heritage and connection to the sea. whether you're walking the docs
of new london or newport and.judith the story from our fisherman is the same. these are not the waters that our grandparents and parents and great-grandparents fish. one fishermen told me sheldon, it is getting weird out there. it's a big economic boats getting weird out there. in 2017 commercial fishery landings from connecticut and rolled islands went over -- and that's just the landing. carbon solution and warming oceans but that whole economy at risk. earlier this month the national academy of science estimated around 17% of all ocean life by biomass will disappear. in february the journal science found that since 1930 we have
already lost around 4% of seafood is getting smaller due to warming temperatures and depleted oxygen levels. at 2017 study warns the body size of fish decreases 20 - 30% for every 1 degree celsius increase in water temperature. and the water is warming. oceans have absorbed more than 90% of the excess heat trapped by greenhouse gas emissions. all of the excess heat trapped by greenhouse gas emissions since we began the industrial revolution and started burning the fossil fuels. all of the heat, 90% has gone into the ocean. how much is that? the federal government climate science special report from the
department of energy and others found that the oceans have absorbed more than nine -- of heat energy per year. what is that? it is 9 sextillion joules. as a measure of energy. from 1998 - 2015 more than 9 sextillion joules. that is more than nine times the energy humans use on the planet. if you want a more vigorous, more kinetic description of what that heat load is like, visualize the power of a hiroshima style atomic bomb. it's a mushroom cloud erupting
in the sky. imagine all of that energy from that nuclear blast captured just as heat. now, imagine for atomic bombs exploding every second. every second area that is the excess heat that is going into our oceans from climate change. more than four atomic bombs worth of excess heat energy absorbed by the oceans every second of every day of every year. that is a lot of heat energy and, adding it to the ocean has consequences. global average ocean temperatures already up around 0.8 degrees celsius or 1.5 degrees fahrenheit since before the carbon pollution of
industrial times began. and, the rate is accelerating. according to no other global land and ocean temperature department average has reached new record highs five times since 2000. the rapid rise in open temperatures is forcing species that were once southern new england icons to abandon our waters for cooler, deeper seas. the 2018 study more that hundreds of species are being forced northward as oceans worn. this quit is now king. in 2017 around 60% of the thin squid in 60% of short been squid in the united states landed in rhode island. according to noah was valued at over $28 million. in my state, that is a big deal.
remember, mistress the landing value. climate change is putting our precious calamari at risk. squid is rhode island's most valuable fishery including 40% by value in 2017. rhode island once had a booming lobster fishery. the lobster population shifted north as our waters warmed leaving rhode island lobster traps empty. no well reports what we already know. the lobster industry in new york in southern new england has nearly collapsed. maine has temporarily benefited from the movement of lobster but the lobster are expected to keep moving north into canada as we keep forming the oceans. in january, the washington post ran this amazing piece as part of a generation of series. featuring the stories of rhode island, and maine, lobster men
who are dealing with her changing ocean. the weekly fishermen see declining shellfish. eastern oysters, softshell clams and northern bay scallops -- 85% between 1980. they identified warming ocean temperatures as the culprit. as climate change warms the ocean all that excess co2 in the atmosphere chemically acidified the ocean. 90% of the heat was absorbed by the oceans. 30% of the co2 was chemically absorbed. out of the atmosphere into the sea and for many species that's a double whammy. sea scallops were one of the nations most valuable fisheries in connecticut's most valuable species in 2017 landing.
so, let's look at that. ocean acidification and warming both troubles see scallops. scallops and other shellfish extract calcium carbonate from the ocean water to build their shelves. acidic waters decrease the chemical availability of that compound and as you get up high enough you dissolve the shells of living creatures. in 2018 the graphic institution warned that ocean acidification quote could reduce his sea scout population by more than 50% in the next 38 years under a worst case scenario. mr. president while we struggle to free our chamber from the remorseless political group of the fossil fuel industry our fishermen pay the price. the oceans are warming too fast for us to respond to rapid changes in fish stock. in our state, black sea bass and
summer flounder, both species mentioned by senator blumenthal are poster children for this disconnect. he mentioned the fisher bid the article from green water. rhode island fishermen are telling me the same thing. the science director from the fishery center says much of our management assumes that conditions in the future will be the same as they have been in the past. but that is no longer true. we are so off-base from historical trends and data that we can no longer rely on that history to forecast where fish populations will be. so, black sea bass and summer flounder head north toward cooler waters from the mid atlantic state that used to be the home base. you'd think as they did that it would make sense for the allocations of that fish. the catch allocation to move
northward with them. the blue is the base of where most of the black seabass rootstock existed back in the 70s. appear it is right now. that's a chesapeake bay. there is rhode island. there is the cape cod in massachusetts. so, it's a big move up into our space but, did the catch limits move up with it? no. southern states were unwilling to give up their quotas leaving our fishermen in connecticut and rhode island with an abundant catch that they cannot harvest. rhode island, connecticut and other rhode island states don't have a vote on a critical fishery management council putting our fishermen and a severe disadvantage, fighting for their rights to the fish now settling appear in new england.
our fishermen have to throw back valuable fish from lobster and nets because our fishery management roles have not caught up with their ocean reality. mr. president, we have to update how we manage these shifting fish stocks as climate change moves fish population around. we must match to what fishermen see in the water. our fishermen world cultural economies depend on it. so i am very grateful from a colored chrome can advocate for joining me today. together we will continue to fight for a day where our work rhode island connecticut fishermen can foresee their children and grandchildren continuing their long tradition of fishing disease. we strive for meaningful action
for updated fisheries and climate modeling and for improvements on how we manage the stocks. to save our seas and to save our fishing economies we must wake up to the threats of climate change and respond to these consequences that real fishermen are seen in their real nuts and bolts every single day. i yield the floor and ask unanimous consent the senator from connecticut and i allowed to engage in a colloquy. >> thank you. after that i hesitates even to add anything. but, the urgency of his plea and the need to hear the voices of this fishermen brings to mind this photograph which was taken from that green wire article and it is of, in fact a vote in the
stonington harbor during a visit vice president trumps 2017 trip to the coast guard academy in new london. as the banner on this boat says, please help us. we need help for the fishermen of our nation, weathers louisiana, rhode island or connecticut. because of this completely obsolete obscenely outdated system that is depriving them of a decent livelihood, depriving our nation of dick sufficient fish nutrition and depriving our nation and our world of an end to climate change. i would ask mike colleagues from rhode island very briefly, does he believe this administration is heating up message? not only on behalf of the
fishermen in connecticut, please help us, but on behalf of the planet to please help us stop global warming and climate change. is this administration acting sufficiently? >> clearly when it comes to climate change this administration his embarrassing itself and our country with the factually and scientifically preposterous claims that they make. and then nonsense denial that they continue to propagate that will be a lasting blot on our country as the rest of the world looks to leadership and sees instead or fossil fuel funded denial in clinical behavior by the industry that guides very often the hands of people in government. from that.of view it is a complete train wreck. from the.of view of helping the
fishing communities, they have been taking it in the chin for a while. i will say good word for the fishing communities which i think they have tried to do their best. when we asked the fishing community to consider moving to a catch share type of regulatory model. a lot of them like it but a lot of them tried it and realized they could make it work and improve their business prospects. and so, that move is not easy to make that more and more they've made it somebody out i see having a great day instead of having to go back and they can get on the radio they're saying i'm having a great day it's cheap to stay out here i'll give you some of my catch if you want to stay home. so that's been a good thing but not easy.
they have also really stepped up as you know in our offshore planning. the fishermen have come forward. they have participated. they have been fair and productive. unfortunately the matter in which the obama administration rolled off the offshore marine monument was a bit of a blow to the trust that have been developed. they participated in good faith. i asked and had good things to say about what our fishing community has done to keep up. no matter what you try to do as a fishermen, if you have an abundance of black seabass, for so abundant that is going into lobster pops to eat in your pulling up black seabass and lobster pots, if your pulling it up in your trolls and you find that you can't keep this fish, you could go to the dock and
sell it for several dollars, but no. you're obliged to throw it overboard because you cannot bring it in. it has already been a bit compromised by particularly if it has been caught in a troll. it's not likely to survive long if you put it back. do not really helping anybody by throwing it in. you know it's valuable. you know there's a lot of them. you know you're throwing them back injured or having difficulty surviving. or dead. i've seen them just go down through the water. . . . sense. this does not make sense. and the science supports what they're saying. noaa has known for a very long time that this black sea bass population was moving northward. this was only 2014. this was only 2014. so, nothing is more frustrating
than not being taken seriously and i think we need to take the concerns of our officials seriously. one thing is to take climate sees seriously and one is not saying it's a chinese hoax or saying itpy creepy extensions fm the climate denial brought into government and given positions as if they were legitimate. i think the senator from arlington and an accord to going back to the floor with him and : we in the future and we will be a proud partner in advocating for the measures and i joined him in praising our fishing community because they have stood strong in the face of adversity. >> i think senator blumenthal for his leadership on this issue and our fishing communities have a powerful voice and senator blumenthal before in the senate
when he was attorney general and it's a great honor to share the florida of the senate with them today. mr. president, i yield the floor and of the absence of a quorum. >> coming up tonight on c-span2 federal reserve chair jerome powell on the u.s. economy. then the debate from the house administration committee on election security legislation. after that an interview with house minority whip steve scalise. house judiciary subcommittee hearing on the voting rights act and the court decision for shelby county versus holder. >> x, federal chair reserve jerome powell talks about the policies. he spoke at an event hosted by the council on foreign relations in new york city. this is one hour. >> good afternoon.