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tv   National Governors Association Summer Meeting Day 1 - PART 1  CSPAN  July 26, 2019 12:39pm-1:48pm EDT

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there are corporations in america, and they're pretty secure. are the invulnerable to attack? no. can someone penetrate their network? there's no perimeter anymore. but can they do real damage to those companies? and the answer is no. >> watch booktv every weekend on c-span2. >> this weekend on american history tv, saturday at 5 p.m. eastern a discussion about the 1980 refugee act. >> i think president carter's decision to push for that act and to implement it was a hugely
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important humanitarian decision. and he deserves every bit of the credit that we've heard here today. that said, we have to be realistic and say that doesn't solve all the problems and the fact it create some. >> then on the civil war,. >> whatever i did in academe should also have some dimension that reached out to people who are just interested in the era the way i have been when i was growing up and seemed there should be more bridges between academia and the public than are. are. one of the key places where that can happen i knew also from experience was at battlefields where you can make a connection to the past in the way that you can't. >> sunday at 4 p.m. eastern on reel america the 1967 film testament of truth details
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civilian injuries and deaths caused by u.s. bombing in north vietnam. >> i used to come home from school for happy with all my close father, grandmother and grandfather. there were 15 of them including an unborn baby had been killed. only i am left. even little babies, innocent victims of these american air raids. >> and a 6:45 p.m. historians discuss healthcare policies since world war i. >> truman was universal and it would've covered everyone. polls showed initially a majority of the public come up to 75% can support the idea of health insurance for all via the social security system. >> explore our nations passed on american history tv all weekend every weekend only on c-span3.
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>> for 40 years, c-span has been fighting america unfiltered coverage of congress, the white house, the supreme court and public policy events from washington, d.c. and around the country so you can make up your own mind. created by cable in 1979, c-span is brought to you by your local cable or satellite provider. c-span, your unfiltered view of government. >> the national governors association summer meeting got underway yesterday in salt lake city. up next the opening speeches and panels. we will show as much as we can enter we rejoin the days nga meeting for remarks from larry hogan. >> good morning. >> good morning. >> good morning governors, distinguished international visitors and guests for business, industry, academia,
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the federal government, philanthropies and civil society. welcome to the 2019 summer meeting of the nation's governors here in beautiful salt lake city, utah. pleased to once again come together with my colleagues to learn about the key issues of the day, improving outcomes for disconnected youth, safer and smarter roadways, and best in resilience, cybersecurity workforce development, the roi of early learning, innovative strategies for world investment. we will discuss how, together, we can develop bipartisan approaches to improve the lives of all americans. also want to acknowledge our international guests who have traveled from so far away to be here with us today. please feel free to stand up as you are recognized. from japan we are honored to be
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joined by -- serves a special advisor to japanese prime minister abe. [applause] mr. kyoto, parliamentary vice minister for foreign affairs. [applause] japanese ambassador to the u.s. -- [applause] and governor shigeru hayakawa. [applause] >> from mexico we are joined by governor francisco dominguez. [applause] where are you, governor lacks he's the governor of and the
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chair which is mexico's equivalent of nga. from canada we're joined by delegation senators and members of parliament from the provincial officials from ontario and qu├ębec. [applause] we are also excited to recognize counsel general some canada and mexico and japan. thank you so much for your focus on states and for being here with us today. thank you also governor and first lady herbert for being wonderful hosts and showing us a fantastic time here. we're certainly looking forward to several excellent social events to consummate these business sessions. that includes bring in that incredible children's choir this morning. [applause] governor herbert, the floor is yours.
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>> thank you. -- we appreciate your leadership through nga and we really are honored to have you here, the nation's governors, and our special guests we have from afar and sponsors, those who are here we are honored to host you here in salt lake city, utah. the children's choir, i want to make mention, an eclectic group of junk people from around our state, they bent on america's got talent. the just completed a tour of japan. their great ambassadors for america and for you to ask us a travel around sharing the talents and the love for our country and the patriotism we saw exhibited here today. so please give them one more round of applause. [applause] >> let me just mention a couple of things here briefly. one, i'm starting my 11th year as governor of the great state
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of utah. and i can tell you particularly for some of you young, new governors here, this organization has great promise and great hope for america. it's an opportunity for us to come together and to discuss issues with the collegiality that only comes from governors and see if we can't in fact, help design policy not only for america but for our own states as we learn from each other. i've had the privilege of coming here and gaining some really good and long-lasting friendships in a bipartisan way or the last ten years i've been governor of the state of utah. so i hope the new governors will take advantage of the opportunity and old governors renew the opportunity to come here and associate one with another at the national governors association. all of us are proud of our states here we tout the successes we're having and have had, and i certainly do the same thing about utah but no matter how good we are there's always room for improvement.
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the opportunity for me to come and to learn from you, see best practices, laboratories of democracy, what we're taking place in this country has helped me become a better government in the state of utah. i heard this song here today, god bless america come and help god does bless america and a think he does. i think the best hopes for our success going forward lie with the states. you governors are really providing solutions to the nation's problems in your respective states as laboratories of democracies as his low pilot programs we all learn from. and as opposed to some of his function we see in washington, d.c., i see tremendous success and function taking place in the respective states so want to congratulate all of you. i do get appreciate this for bringing this together. let me just conclude by saying, again, i hope you have enjoyed so far utah.
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again, the ribs and rodeo event last night, again, nobody should now say this is my first rodeo. if you went last night. [laughing] this is not my first rodeo anymore, so we hopefully have got that check off your box. again, the barbecue, again a great example of local entrepreneurship, a small group of brothers got together and decided we can make barbecue and try to rival texas. some of the southern barbecue, very successful locally this now spreading intermountain with their barbecue. i hope everybody got enough to beat and didn't go home hungry. we are having an opportunity as we've seen, this little choir here this morning, but we hope you all will join us with us tonight at the conference center. we will have the mormon tabernacle choir will put on a special patriotic conference for us tonight. i think you're going to enjoy that. our concluding event will be at
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the university of utah in theater there, and our good friends die and marie osmond agreed to come and bring the las vegas show here to perform for us on friday night so that should be a great event. we look forward to having you not only have productive meeting to with the national governors association but enjoyable ones, too. if my office can do anything to help provide opportunities for you to help in anyway, to make it enjoyable, make it more productive, please don't hesitate to give me a call. we increase all the staff, the staff at the end jacob revlon first but here and juicy station ran to make you feel comfortable. so please give our staff and those are making us one having the back rooms and applause for their service today, too. [applause] i yield back the balance of my time to governor bullock. >> thanks so much, governor herbert. it really has been my profound honor to serve as chair this
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past year. it's also been a privilege to work with each of the governors, and so many of your both staff, workforce, agencies, and others. constituting unruly the critical are our efforts on critical issues facing our nation. we will have time to see the good governor hogan later on as he takes over the gavel, but really appreciate your partnership as well. i'm excited to get to kick off our summer meeting with a session dedicated to the theme of what my and issued was, and that's good jobs for all americans. over the past year i've engaged many of you, both those at this table and those in the audience, and staff in a discussion of of how we as governors can prepare our workforce and businesses with a changing world of work and support the promise of vibrant economy in future
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opportunity. we all know that we face a profound economic and social transformation catalyzed by technological disruption and a changing world. we know that how we work and what we do at work will continue to evolve as the house in the years passed. in our conversations with states, we've heard loud and clear that the challenge facing our economy isn't a lack of jobs. a lack of good jobs that can grow and sustain the middle class. many of the fastest-growing sectors in our economy, they are often low-wage with limited pathways for growth. today, we see that recent college graduates are barely seeing their hourly earnings bike since 2000. we can't throw the middle class -- have fallen 8% since 1970.
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and with 60% of americans effectively have seen a pay increase in 40 years when adjusted for today's terms, we know that the economy, it's not working for everyone. certainly the causes of this reality are complex. there's this initiative. we've consulted the research. we've spoken with the experts, ceos and practitioners from many walks of life. we held three regional workshops threat the country to identify solutions. in pittsburgh, las vegas and des moines. thank you, governor reynolds and governor wolf personally being gracious hosts and participants. through this exercise with her from more than 200 experts and represent is from nearly 40 states during the series of workshops. in whitefish, montana, this past may i posted a solution some we brought policy leaders from 32
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of our states together to continue this conversation and contribute to the governors guide that be released today. i'd like to share a brief they do now that will take you through some of the results of initiative in these meetings with governors, state officials, ceos and other subject matter experts. >> i chose a good jobs for all americans initiative both for what we as governors see, what we hear from employers as well as what we hear from our own constituents. every single government around the country is trying to make sure that the folks in the state are prepared that only for the jobs of today but also opportunities of jobs for tomorrow. during this initiative we've had over 200 experts. we've had over 42 states and territories involved coming to
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the table to say not just what are we doing today but what can we do in the future. >> due to changes either automation or globalization. when the sand are shifting underneath their feet, we have to recognize what those changes are and equip people with new skills and new opportunity so they can stay in their communities. >> one of the things that i think is really cool is we've been able to place what we call work means learning navigate within the nevada system of higher education, and it really helped to work with a different community colleges as well as the higher education institutes to create these learning expenses across whether its internship, job shadowing, apprenticeship, whatever that looks like. >> and now we really are at a time of lifetime learning saying wherever people are we've got to be able to give them the skills
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and the opportunities. so i think it takes you looking differently on what your education systems are, where you can come back to your colleges. >> one of the things we are really trying to get a handle on to learn about to bring back in the state of maryland is this idea of helping those in midcareer job changes, folks who are either looking for career changes or looking to adapt to the new technologies out there. it doesn't seem to be a lot of policies out there. so what governor bullock has done a really focus on that issue, and i'm looking for to learning more. >> nobody should have to leave their home or their church or their community just to have maybe a decent living. >> what i like about the good jobs for all americans is their focus on rural initiative and also on second act adults.
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because in iowa we need to get more of our adults who are in low skilled jobs into middle skilled or high skill jobs. what's been really valuable to me at these meetings is the talk and discussion about what other states that have large world errors are doing as an attempt to incentivize individuals to come to or stay in rural areas because of all the great opportunities that are available for both -- [inaudible] >> it's been exciting because ultimately the answers that we need are right there in front of us. you have good people all across this country doing good work. and how we want to tie this initiative altogether is a ring that good work together for foa guide for every single governor in our country so that they can make sure every single individual in their state and communities have even a a bettr shot at the american dream.
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>> now to join our conversation today and to provide private sector perspective, please join in welcoming malcolm frank, the president of digital business. malcolm joined us in whitefish for that solution some and he gave a keynote presentation that really did capture the essence of the challenges that we face in preparing the current future workforce with the skills they are going to need technological change. certainly please he has joined us today in his role as president of cognitive digital business. he oversees cognizance brought digital services portfolio. that includes digital strategy, artificial intelligence, and analytics, interactive, digital engineering, digital content platform and the accelerator program which incubates new
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industry-specific digital ventures. prior to this role, he was executive vice president and chief strategy officer and chief marketing officer. his influence is wide-ranging and evident across media. yes co-author two best-selling books, what to do when machines do everything? and code halos, both of which received multiple international book awards. he is also authored numerous white papers focusing on the future of work, and create the snacks that, now an interest in. highly sought after speaker so look forward to all learn from them today. thanks so much for being here today, malcolm. [applause] >> appreciate it, governor bullock, and thank you for having me. ten minutes i'm going to talk about two topics. the first is a i and jobs. and then the second is your state and how you become a magnet for the digital jobs of the future? we have a lot to cover. let's go back 200 years, 200+
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200 plus years. the luddites were actually write. they should smash those machines because a loom could do the work of 40 luddites. but there were not very good at economist. what did the limb little do? it became the platform for the first industrial revolution, at the society and communities that embraced that new machine saw skyrocketing gd piece, saw an incredible public wealth creation and also they created their jobs of the future at the time. you look at the value creation. eight of the top ten companies, most valuable companies on earth, are based on these platforms.
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two have become trillion dollar firms, like amazon and microsoft. we see this with the fang vendors. this is a special time and it's only just beginning. so artificial intelligence is the great story of our time. but it's a story that generates lots of mixed emotions. great ambivalence. on one hand, lots of excitement. the art of the possible. we see this technical wonder. all of us spend way too much time on our smartphones working on these platforms and yet there's this deep concern, this fear about jobs. if software is eating the world, is software going to eat middle class jobs? the foundation of a good society and are we going to be left in several years with some class barbell society of the hyper-rich and the poor who are living off universal basic income and this is a real concern a lot of folks have. we did a lot of research on this. our latest book was about this.
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we actually think there's a song of hope here if you are proactive, if you take the right steps. because when it comes to software and jobs or artificial intelligence and jobs, only one of three things will happen. a job can be eliminated, a job can actually be enhanced, and think of using ways when you drive around town, you as a driver are actually being enhanced by a machine and we will see this come to medicine, to teaching, to police work, or there will be jobs in the future. if we don't know now, of course try to explain a web designer to somebody in 1978. these are the three things that are going to occur. 90% of the conversation that's here today, that we're eliminating jobs and we will all be working for robot overlords, about 90% of the activity will be about job enhancement or creating the jobs of the future. in fact, in our estimation, about 12% of jobs will be lost
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over the next decade. this is quite significant. these are millions of jobs that could go away and if you do nothing, there's going to be a gravity. you will be victimized by this. i grew up in the cleveland area so to be in cleveland in the '70s and '80s, wmmf, to be in cleveland during the '70s and '80s, it was rough to watch all those jobs go away. it was really brutal to observe. but we are quite optimistic that if you are proactive you can create these jobs of the future and protect great jobs going forward, so how do you do that? how do you become a jobs magnet? i will open our playbook. we are one of the largest tech employers in the u.s. at cognizant we have about 280,000 employees annad always work closely with oracle, so forth and so on.
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we will give you a playbook how we view you when we decide where to invest. we are investing in local communities. how do we invest that money? with economic shifts, it will create winners and losers and this is not for a bunch of bearded hipsters in san francisco or new york. this is available to everybody. it's about brain power, not natural resources. what do you do? here's the five elements. we could spend an hour on each of these. i will spend one minute introducing them. the first is finance. we take a look at what is the role of government with the private sector. this is a famous case, this one worked fabulously well. you could argue the morality of it but boy, economically did that work. today, we look at the role of state governments with fortune 500s. are they investing in your state or are they pulling back? we look at private equity. venture capital. incubators for new job creation,
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new company formation. interestingly, the one that's the canary in the coal mine, it's the smallest group but often the highest indicator, angel investors. these are people that got really wealthy in your state, grew up in your state, they love it. are they staying and reinvesting or leaving? this is something we look very closely at of the attractiveness of these communities, if they're investing in your state. the second is interestingme. bricks and clicks. bricks and buildings, old buildings, made out of bricks and clicks, new digital workers that are clicking away at computers inside. this is a hot trend. revitalizing urban areas. this is happening in lots of places. the letter district in boston, the meatpacking district in new york, it's happening across europe. in fact, this is kings cross in london. i was there a couple weeks ago at our office. that's what it looked like 25 years ago. in one generation, this
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neighborhood is simply remarkable. that's what it looks like today. that's a photograph from a few weeks ago. these workers that are working in this community, amazing public/private partnership to revitalize the space. our office is just off to the left. the new googleplex is being built just behind where this photograph was taken. with this, you see heb is creating a new headquarters for digital workers. kroeger is doing the same. walmart is now building a 300 acre campus specifically to attract digital workers of the future. if you look, for example, in pittsburgh, bakery square, they are doing the same. so what is the common element here? these workers do not want to work in some soul-destroying office park in cubeland off of a cloverleaf intersection in an interstate highway. they want to be in these urban areas, in revitalized -- you can
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kill two boards wiirds with one rebuilding and attracting these workers and companies. they want a vibrant, diverse community. a social scene. of course it has to be safe but also, there's a weird correlation here. we are seeing where teams are popular. there's cause and effect but there is certainly a pretty big correlation. bricks and clicks matter. the third that we look at, pretty simple. you can go straight to a spreadsheet. is your educational system producing enough digital workers? i think there's been a huge mismatch between the academy and the private sector. it used to be incredibly strong. look at the miracle of the california university system in the '50s, '60s, '70s and somehow that becomes disconnected. we take a strong look, you see sticking with pittsburgh, pitt, carnegie mellon, duquesne. they are producing designers, web designers, electrical
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engineers, so this attracts business and a whole ecosystem. if you look at the silicon valley, it all started with the educational ecosystem out there as well. there's an incredibly important role for state governments to play in driving this connection of the curriculum of producing these workers of the future. a fourth one is lose the tie. jamie and i are bad at this. governor bullock got the memo. what we mean is the culture of this community. take a company we all know, goldman sachs. in your mind's eye, think of a typical goldman employee. you probably think master of the universe, investment banker out of central casting. or does it look more like this? because what's interesting is goldman now, this is an old article saying a quarter of their work force writes code. it's actually more than 30% now write code. they are computer geeks.
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is it an investment bank or is it a software company? it's really now both. their new ceo, david solomon, you see him here, this is how he moonlights. he's actually a deejay. he has that sensibility that's needed for this digital work force. a final point. make it open to everybody. diversity. my industry has problems. tech is not diverse enough. it's a bro culture, overrepresented by men, and on top of that, we love to say well, we're open to minorities, there's lots of minority representation. yes, but. there's lots of asians, mostly men again, lot of chinese, lot of indians which is fantastic, but it's greatly underrepresented by the african-american community, by the latino community and this needs to change. i now live in new york city. earlier this year, we had the issue with amazon headquarters two and when that blew up.
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a lot of folks assign blame. they said one of my friends said this was new york's brexit. that's a little over the top. but others were saying this is socialist math, these are the socialists so here's how they operate. you can give them 30 and ask for three back or give them zero and ask for zero back and they prefer the latter. maybe. other people are quick to blame amazon. they were ham-handed, clumsy in their efforts or they will blame the new york government, governmental leaders didn't sell this enough. i actually think the underlying problem was diversity. there was a sense this was about the rich getting richer and not making it available to all. so i think this is really core to everything that has to occur and i think people around this table can really lead the charge with that. so those are the five. that's the formula. the business friendliness, revitalizing these areas the tech workers want to be in, creating enough workers of the future through the educational system, having a culture that
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supports these workers, then finally, making it open to everybody in the community. so to finish up, fear not the boss. don't be a neo-luddite. embrace the new machine because prosperity really does favor the proactive. to quote, not to stick this song in your hand the reead the rest morning but this is a song of hope. thank you very much. [ applause ] >> thanks, malcolm. also joining me is jamie marasotis, president and ceo of the lunar foundation. he will share his perspective on good jobs for all americans initiative and what we can all be doing. he's globally recognized leader in philanthropy, education, public policy. since 2008 he served as president and ceo of an
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independent private foundation committed to making opportunities for learning beyond high school available to all. previously, he had served as co-founder and president of the nonpartisan d.c.-based institute for higher education policy and as executive director of a bipartisan national commission on college affordability appointed by the u.s. president congressional leaders. he's the author of the widely acclaimed book "america needs talent" which was named a top ten business book of 2016 by booklist. his work also includes extensive global experience as an adviser and consultant in southern africa, the former soviet union, europe and other parts of the world. respected analyst and innovator, he is also a member of the council on foreign relations in new york. thanks for being here. >> thanks very much, governor. appreciate it. let me begin first by congratulating you on your
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initiative. good jobs for all americans i think is a smart agenda, an actionable agenda, and you are to be commended for the important work that i think states can now implement as a result of the important work that's been done here. i think malcolm's presentation really sort of underscores the importance of why that work matters. i took three big things out of what malcolm had to say in his excellent remarks. probably the biggest headline for me, malcolm, is work is changing in profound ways and we absolutely need to be prepared to understand how we actually develop and deploy the talent that we need as a country to address that rapidly changing nature of work. there is a rising demand for talent but there's a huge mismatch between what we produce and how we actually deploy that talent going forward. one expression of that is that the vast majority of the jobs today, more than two-thirds, require some form of post-high school education credential, a degree, certificate or other
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credential. today, only 48% of americans have a post-secondary credential. so we must understand that work is changing in profound ways and if you want a further piece of evidence of what malcolm was talking about in terms of the changing nature of jobs, i would spend no time on trying to predict which jobs are going to be lost and which jobs are going to be created. m.i.t. did a study last year of all of the studies that had been done, did a one-pager, and they found absolutely no correlation among all of them from oxford to mckenzie, it didn't make any sense. don't spend any time on that. think more about the task associated with the work and how as governors, your states need to actually prepare people for those tasks, because they are going to be constantly changing. several of you have developed initiatives there. second big headline for me is i think who we need to serve as a result of the changing nature of
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work is very important. here, i think we need to come to grips with the fact that lots of americans haven't had the opportunities to actually participate in this economy and actually get the good jobs because they aren't prepared to do them. we have many challenges in our country related to income, race and other factors. we need to address those equity challenges if we are actually going to meet the rising demand for talent in the united states and actually develop and deploy the talent that we need. lumina foundation, largest private foundation in the country focused on post-high school learning. we invested in many initiatives including some important ones in states that are actually trying to reduce the equity gaps in their states and actually hold themselves accountable to those public commitments. i want to congratulate governor lee from tennessee, governor northam from virginia, governor brown from oregon for the important work those states are doing in those efforts and we have seven states, and i
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probably won't remember them all so i won't list them, they have planning grants because they are trying to prepare to actually do similar work. it's important to think about who we are going to serve in this system going forward. the third thing, i think this is the sort of exclamation point on what malcolm talked about when he talked about the educational ecosystem, is it really is an ecosystem. it's not just colleges and universities. it's work force based training. it's direct-to-consumer mediated learning. it's all the stuff that's happening in communities, in workplaces, et cetera. all of that is enormously important. we need to be thinking about that ecosystem of post-secondary learning and the credentials that people get to show that they are actually qualified to do that work of the future that's going to be extraordinarily important. going forward, a college degree may or may not have the value that it does today. but i'll tell you, employers are going to continue to want to know that you know and can do something in order to be able to do the work that's needed. here, i think we need radical change in the educational
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ecosystem. tinkering on the margins isn't enough. it's great for states to first set goals for what they want to try to accomplish in post-secondary education. 42 states have done that. it's an important first step in the process. but actually finding the ways to tip, you know, to create a tipping point for your state and change dramatically the educational attainment that you have at the post-high school level to power your economy to strengthen the democracies that exist in your states, that's going to be very important. >> thank you both, malcolm and jamie. start out, couple questions, then i will open it up to governors. one of the things we heard time and time again through these workshops is really the importance of government/private sector philanthropy all working together to address the challenges that we face. how do each of you think about
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partnering with states to better prepare for future work? >> well, you know, here in our case, because we have been an investor, we have a mechanism that i would encourage you to take advantage of as governors called strategy labs. we actually bring together policy leaders to actually try to solve problems together across states, so it's a platform for policy leaders to talk about the issues and actually create solutions and to share information across them. strategy labs is a mechanism that every state can take advantage of in order to learn from what we've learned in the work that we've done with states so that's one important element of that work. i think more broadly, every state needs to see its state agencies now as talent agencies. i think historically, we have seen agencies as having a transactional role which of course they do, you need a department of transportation, you need commerce, you need, you know, whatever the agency may be, but all of them are
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essentially talent agencies. all of them are actually transformational talent agencies because they are doing work to improve and increase the talent in your states, again, to sort of power your economy and strengthen the success of the residents of your state. this is happening in lots of interesting areas. in corrections, for example, we have seen a growing number of states investing in their corrections departments to educate prisoners so they can have a second chance when they get out. this is not the core function of the department of corrections but it's an important part of what they do. in several states, governor reynolds from iowa, there's a new higher ed for prisoners initiative in iowa, for example, that is a really good example, and many of you have done similar things. the third thing that i think is going to be important for governors to think about in this space is to actually see how you can better consolidate and get efficiency from the efforts that you already have under way in your states. one of the problems you all know
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this, as both new and long-standing governors, is that these entities sort of exist in stovepipes and they don't actually collaborate so creating structures where they can collaborate across agencies is really important. in my book from a couple years ago, i talked about this idea of creating departments of talent, not a new state agency but actually a consolidation of efforts where you would bring your higher ed and work force development and talent recruitment functions together into an agency so that you could actually attract, educate and deploy the talent that you need to make your state successful. these are the kinds of things that i think need to be done in order to make your states more successful when it comes to educational attainment. >> yeah. we have to close the skills gap and you have to help us in very pragmatic ways so the work you've done with us, we are absolutely thrilled. we are over the moon about the talent that's in mizzoula han how -- >> tell them what that is. >> it's a firm but we have
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invested there, we started to build that out and really, in that community, it's just like dropping a pebble in the water and you can see the concentric circles start to build. as opposed to going in at 30,000 feet levels of abstraction, be very practical and get things started. that's really worked incredibly well. if you look at the bureau of labor statistics, they are saying in a few years' time, we will have 1.5 million jobs short, a gap in the u.s. around these digital jobs. these are great jobs, very well paying, they're green, it's a growing field, but we have this incredible gap. so we have worked in partnership, for example, in new york, in the south bronx, around programs to help people in that community enter this economy. we have done it actually in the state of north carolina with goodwill industries, actually, where goodwill has programs where we can work with folks to get them on this ladder, start to climb this ladder in the digital economy.
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we think that those very practical initiatives that can get jobs started and change our trajectory of individuals and families is incredibly important. >> the program we're talking about is a very short-term six week, eight week program where taking folks in, giving them some skills and then giving them all jobs. it's been great. one of the things, when you were talking, malcolm, you kind of talked about what you look for when you are going to -- now i have to find a major league soccer team and move to montana -- but in addition to that, like, what would your advice be if you woke up one day and your gove're governor, what most impactful strategy a governor can pursue as we look to prepare the work force of the future? >> i think it's a few things but it's the one-two punch is the educational system that's not going to produce results
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overnight, but that is an incredibly clear signal to the business community and that's really what all these firms are looking for. you don't want to show up and just have a fly-by-night relationship. this is multi-decade that we're looking for in terms of partnership. so the educational system going to be there and places for folks to work. this is where it's been just fantastic. people love working there. similarly, if we can find that urban revitalization, i think those are the two that really are the pillars and start to drive this. >> jamie, lumina and you have been doing just incredible work to increase post-secondary attainment. certainly throughout the foundation's history. how do we make sure that that attainment then can translate into the jobs of the future that we're hearing about that we may not even know what those jobs are? >> by the way, i just returned from living in london for six
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moshgs so b months, so big fan of the soccer idea. >> got a lot on my plate. i'll get a soccer team to montana. >> so i run this national foundation and part of my job is to stay sort of a step ahead of the work and what's going on. i'm working on a new book, preparing people for the future of human work, the work that only humans can do. one of the things i found in my research for the new book is this interesting fact about how much human knowledge has changed in the course of history. so between the earliest part of recorded history in 1900, human knowledge doubled every hundred years. by 1950, it was doubling every 25 years. by 2000, it was doubling every year. today there is evidence that human knowledge is doubling every day. so how we stay ahead of that is incredibly important. the post-secondary learning ecosystem has got to be critical to that. we actually have to understand how human knowledge is changing and how we apply it to work. how we ply apply it to the way people learn.
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this goes back to your initiative, this idea of this virtuous cycle of learning and working is very important. you know, we have all grown up with this system, with this model, we have this sort of mental frame, first you learn, then you work, right? those are the phases of life. but the reality is today, you have to actually rachet your way through that process of learning and working all the way through, if you are going to be successful in work, if you are going to be an effective participant in your communities, if life is going to actually bring you the rewards that you deserve. so we've got to be thinking about building these post-secondary learning ecosystems within the context of the lives of people who are working. today's college student, the learner of today, is not your typical 18-year-old graduating from high school and going and living in a dorm on a residential campus. that represents less than 1 out of 5 of all the learners in colleges and universities today. today's students are adults, they are working, almost half of college students today work at
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least 20 hours a week and a significant number of them work full-time. 1 out of every 4 college students today is actually a parent. so they are actually dealing with those things. we've got to be thinking about building a post-secondary attainment model, building a post-secondary learning ecosystem, that meets the learners today where they are and actually gives them those opportunities through their work and through the existing educational ecosystem that malcolm talked about to help them be successful. a key to this, i just want to underscore this point, something i said earlier, the credentials are really going to matter. the dreencredentials are that currency in the labor market for the workers. employers want to know what you know and what you can do. a big problem with the current credential ecosystem is that there is no translation tool among all of the different credentials that are out there. so you get a license or
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certification or certificate or degree or anything else and those systems don't talk to each other. we've got to find ways to recognize that all learning counts and then actually develop a system so that these credentials can talk to each other. we have invested in something that is basically an infrastructure, a platform called credential engine. it's basically the dna you will need for these credential systems to talk to each other is actually a web-based protocol. this protocol which is now being pilot tested by employers, by colleges and universities, by work force agencies, is actually something that i hope states can invest in to actually publish the data that they have about their credentials, using this protocol so that we can actually better understand what employers expect from the workers that they are trying to hire and what the skills are of the people who are being hired. in order to do that, we need to have these translation mechanisms across those credentials. if we can do that, we will have
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the dna, the raw material, for a very different credential ecosystem going forward and this is something i hope we at lumina foundation can work with you as states. >> now i would like to invite other governors to share in the discussion and questions. governor hogan, i will turn to you first. thanks for joining us for the workshop in iowa. would you mind sharing your insights, take-aways from those discussions? >> thank you very much. first of all, i want to thank the panelists for joining us. it's a fascinating discussion. i really want to give my thanks and appreciation to governor bullock for his leadership over the past year and also for his initiative here on good jobs for all americans. it's been a pleasure working alongside him. i think this has been a great year-long campaign focused on
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good jobs and on growing our economy. i had the pleasure of joining governor bullock and governor reynolds in iowa for a regional workshop where we were able to share some good ideas and best practices and then some of my team was able to join on a couple of the other, my commerce secretary, lieutenant governor, participated in a couple of other events along with some of my senior staff. i think it was really helpful and we got leaders from across the country that governor bullock pulled together. great discussions about work force, particularly some interesting discussions about rural work force and about the jobs of the future. i really think it's been a terrific initiative and i want to thank you for your leadership. i think it was a valuable opportunity to get thought leaders together from the private sector, from many different perspectives together with the governors and some of our staffs to discuss some of
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the challenges that we face in our various states, and i just want to thank governor reynolds, thank you for hosting us out in iowa, and thank governor bullock for his leadership on this initiative, thank our panelists for joining us this morning. >> thanks. governor reynolds was great to host us in des moines and really also, what we learned from you, particularly as it relates to rural areas, would you share some of your insights, take-aways? >> i want to reiterate other comments. thank you so much for your initiative on good jobs for all americans. there's not a governor across the state that's not dealing with work force, as we see the economy growing. we have jobs looking for people. so thank you for giving us the opportunity to host you in iowa. we welcomed you with a nice spring day, i think it was a high of zero on that day, but it was actually colder where you left, if i remember right. so you know, i think all
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governors, that's been a priority of mine, work force and opportunities for all iowans. what we highlighted while you were in iowa as a couple initiatives we are working on, future ready iowa initiative which passed our legislature unanimously, then we put the funding into it this year, again passed unanimously, where our goal is to have 70% of iowans in the work force have education or training beyond high school by the year 2025 through apprenticeship programs, last dollar scholars for two-year associates, maybe an individual like myself completed a couple years of college, then had to put our daughters through school but wanted to go back and get my degree, so there's some funding for that. then an employer innovation fund where employers can come up with work-based programs and there's a match from the state perspective. we are doing computer science as elementary for underserved and underrepresented schools across the state, really infusing computer science into all disciplines starting in elementary.
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then one of the initiatives that we talked about that i'm really proud of, and i think it has a lot of opportunities to scale, is our apprenticeship programs in high school working with the department of labor. this is a blueprint that's applicable to any industry. we started with welding and a student can sign up with a company as a freshman, it's incorporated into the curriculum, they can work at the company their junior year, they work their entire summer between junior and senior year and then go into the company when they graduate, and what i love about it is the students can make between $40,000 and $50,000 the last two years of high school, go right into a job, have absolutely no debt and what we're seeing is the employers are giving them the opportunity if they choose to continue to advance in their career. so this is a game changer and that happens in rural iowa and in the cities. it can be with nursing, with construction, with computer science, you name the industry.
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the blueprint is there and i mean, it's so encouraging to see the students engage in this and be so proud of what they're doing, and my child was one of the individuals that went through the first welding apprenticeship program. he bought a new f-150 black truck and all the other kids in school want the opportunity to buy that f-150 black truck as well. so lot of opportunities. i will mention one other thing we're doing. we want to make sure no matter where you live in the state, you have opportunities for work-based learning. it's a game changer. it allows kids to test-run careers and find out where they have a passion. we just launched in july a clearinghouse where we have over 107 employers that have put work based learning opportunities on the website so teachers throughout the state if they don't have an opportunity in their community, can go online and work with them and have an opportunity to participate in a
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work-based learning opportunity. again, i want to say thank you. we focused on rural iowa but the collaboration, and we heard from other states as well what they were doing, and to really talk about what they're doing, and what we're doing and look for opportunities to scale, it was a great, great workshop. i was just really proud to be part of it. >> thank you, governor. i think we have a little bit of time for either questions or comments from other govs. governor herbert? >> thank you. i appreciate the initiative. i appreciate our guests here and their comments. i expect that most all of us are concerned about job creation, healthy economy and what we can do to provide opportunities for everybody. there is a category i would like to hear comment on. most all of us in the states face some form or fashion intergenerational poverty. this is generation after generation that seems to not be able to find a niche in the marketplace. what are your suggestions on how
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we can deal with intergenerational poverty and eliminate it? >> this is i talked about our foundation, the hundred million dollar foundation. we are actually going after that problem specifically. governor reynolds talked about -- the high school program is extraordinary. it gives kids purpose. you look at new york city, new york city has almost this tragedy of -- it produces almost 50,000 high school students per year. the city actually needs about 50,000 workers and the match, the overlap, is like 3%. it's a mess. so your program can solve things like that incredibly well. but if you look at the intergenerational issue, this is a nasty one because these folks tend to be forgotten. the educational system is not currently set for them. we collectively need to fill that void. i think this is where community colleges can start to play an entirely new role to help with those workers. i think this is where the private sector can come in and
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say these are the skills that we're really looking for. i talked about those industrial revolutions. when you went from the second to the third, it was farm to factory. farm to factory, society was actually able to manage that reasonab reasonab reasonably well over time but it had time and those were still manual jobs basically but how do you make the shift in a very compressed time frame to completely new skills and capabilities. i think this is where we need to have that partnership really leverage the infrastructure that exists like in community colleges and work together to build that curriculum. i think that's a very important issue. >> i agree with that. i also think that you have the power as governors to actually instruct your state agencies to make this a priority irrespective of the mission of that agency. in other words, addressing these issues of intergenerational equities is very important. here malcolm is right, though, the public/private partnership will be very important. so we do something fairly unusual for a private foundation which is we actually make direct
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equity investments in startup companies, it's complicated legally for private foundations to do this but we have done it with over a dozen companies and this is a big theme of what we are trying to do to actually invest in startups that can actually develop products that can bring this to scale. one of them, for example, is a company based in boston called care academy which is training home health care aides, trying to get the home health care aides into a credentialing pathway. they are providing services to our oldest and most infirm populations, but at the same time, we want to create opportunities for the people who are providing that service who tend to be low income, first generation minority populations into a pathway so that they can grow and learn and develop their skill levels so that there can be a cycle of intergenerational success that gets us out of this intergenerational cycle of poverty that i think has stymied some of these states.
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>> quick one from governor mills and i think that's our last question. we have to wrap up. >> thanks. a related question. older populations. we have one of the oldest populations work force people in the country in our state. you talked about mid-career workers achieving success. i would like to hear a little more about those people for instance, the thousands in maine and other states who have lost their jobs in paper mills and that kind of thing. they don't have the same mindset you are talking about when you talk about losing the tie and that kind of thing and they don't have the same natural affinity for the digital environment. how do you break through that and retrain people who are more than mid-career, older generation workers? >> yeah. this is where you can fill that void, to show them what is possible and to show the path because right now, look, you know better than i the political fallout where there's this view that there's a party going on in the bay area and in seattle and new york and boston and nobody
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else was invited, and that is occurring here, it's occurring all over europe and this is a big part of it. so for government to step in and actually show the pathway, provide the bridge, this is where we are talking about the partnersh partnership, go industry by or really provide that. we find those are some of the best workers. quite often, there are issues of 20-year-olds or 20-somethings, you got to work out of them but you find people in their 50s and 60s, they are so eager to work, they provide such leadership. we need to provide that bridge to really practical programs. >> this is a really big problem because the truth is, you are not going to get that former iron works worker to do coding. he or she will simply not want to do that. you have to meet them where they are. you have to bring the learning to the workplace. that person is not going to show up on a college campus, we have evidence of that, they simply
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resist that idea even if you present them with the data that show them what the economic model is. we've got to bring the learning to the worker and actually give them some adjacent opportunities to grow their skills, that over time that will get them to the high-paying jobs and help them be successful. i think that's critical. >> thank you, malcolm and jamie. while my chair's initiative technically comes to an end with this meeting, the conversation around good jobs for all americans, i think really it's just begun. honored to work with all of you as we move this to the next level. to that effect, delighted to release what is the governors action guide to achieving good jobs for all americans. each of you should have a copy of that guide as well as the executive summary in front of you. we have captured many of those lessons that we learned from this initiative. my hope is that you can also review some of the state examples included to get ideas for really results oriented
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actions you can take in your own states to connect everyone to greater opportunities to have a long-term impact. the guide follows that same three focus areas as the initiative did, that first section work force of the future, alining education and work, we are talking about how technological innovations result in both new jobs and changes to existing jobs. we outline the role for governors in identifying what skills workers will need to succeed in response to those changes, how to communicate those skills and how to develop multiple pathways workers can take to gain those skills. you will see examples such as the industry sector partnership, i assembled in montana, created kind of that ongoing forum for businesses and private partners to come together to solve work force issues. you will see how arizona governor ducey set a goal of
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what percentage of arizona residents he with like to see gain post-secondary credentials by 2030. after consulting with business partners on their business needs. if that goal is met, governor ducey anticipates an additional $3.4 billion in new revenue to the state. so many of you as governors are setting what those attainment goals should look like and what a difference it can make. in the section on second acts, reskilling mid career workers for success, we talk about the need for governors to focus on upskilling the current work force. reskilling and reintegrating workers who are left behind or left out. as you noted, jamie, it is a different world now as we view the skills. in response to that challenge, in the guide we show how governors can expand access to continuous learning opportunities for workers,
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promote seamless job transitions, provide for holistic support. as an example, governor wolf issued an executive order to conduct a review of state professional and occupational licensure board requirements and processes, benchmark them against other states to improve seamless job transitions. i know so many of us are working on that as well. we also look at how states can provide workers with access to child care, paid family medical leave, help them take advantage of career growth opportunities and juggle the family and work responsibilities. then in the last section which was sort of the third prong of the initiative, rural resurgence and powering the rural work force, we look at how rural economies have been affected by the great recession and they're having a more challenging time rebounding. it really hit throughout this
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initiative because rural isn't just a place like montana. rural's in new york, it's every place across our various states. we look at the way governors can work with rural communities and individuals to actually leverage those unique strengths, provide employers with a source of underutilized talent. to do so, governors can build digital infrastructure, partnerships with anchor institutions, integrate rural economic and work force development, create networks that are supporting those communities and individuals in rural areas. now, before we showed how as an example, governor reynolds and i will launch governors empowered rural iowa initiative that resulted in significant investment in rural broadband but also the growth of private sector investment in rural areas. and in that section we look at how governors can address multiple challenges such as transportation, child care,
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health barriers, in order to provide support to rural residents. so there are other examples from your states presented in the gugu guide. i encourage you to take a close look at it. when i started this initiative a year ago, what i hoped at least is it could start a conversation, lead to action beyond the initiative. i hope that the guide that nga and all of us had worked on preparing really is the starting point for further conversations in your states, with your work force agencies and with your educators. but we've got to make sure it's just the beginning, not the end. nga is going to continue the conversati conversation, the future work now policy forum in october where governors will be invited to send policy teams to work on actions recommended in this
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guide but let's all of us make this as the starting-off platform. i really do appreciate so many of you joining and sending your teams along in this initiative. thanks for your support. let's continue to make sure that we're building momentum as we strive to create good jobs for all americans. thanks so much. thank you to the speakers. we will take a quick break and i think come back at 10:30. [ applause ] [ inaudible conversations ]
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[ inaudible conversations ] good morning, everyone. this morning's session is on human trafficking and i think we are all aware of what a pervasive evil human trafficking is. it affects every state in our nation and millions of people around the world. we know that it takes everyone working together and we have seen this in arizona, to make a difference. both local, state and federal governments, law enforcement, nonprofits and others. earlier, nga had adopted a new policy to advocate for partnership across all sectors

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