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tv   Michael Kranish The Worlds Fastest Man  CSPAN  August 12, 2019 11:15pm-12:11am EDT

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festival, saturday august 31 starting at tinian eastern our coverage includes author interviews on her book my own words. sharon robinson talks about her book child of the dream, rick atkinson author of the british are coming and thomas malone founding director of the mit center for collective intelligence discusses his book super mines. the national book festival live, saturday august 31 at 10:00 a.m. eastern on book tv on c-span2. >> book tv continues now on c-span2. television for serious readers. >> up next michael kranish rights about a biography the world's best man. and later a look at jonathan hanson's book about the early life of fidel castro. [applause]
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thank you very much it's great to be here. thank you for having me at the co-op and thanks to the viewers booktv and c-span and all of you for coming out. i want to tell you the story yourself in 1896, a very different world than we know today the world in which there is millions of bicycles, 300 automobilesui, the subways were not in new york city, this is the world where it raised the first personal race. the new york city of the 1890s and the population of the city doubled there were horses and horse and buggies and there were streetcars, railroads that the bicycle came along for many years it wascl just something tt specialized writers had used but the safety bicycles were two equal size wheels came along in the masses started to ride. they became the most popular form of conveyance. people just relied on the horse
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and buggy got a way to get around cleanly, fast and efficient and for a lot of people this was their own form of independent. around this time a woman who is writing about suffrage and how i learned to ride the bicycle. it gives you a sense of the new world of the bicycle and the most prevalent sport was bicycle. if you want to see fast moving sports went to the velodrome around the country and draw 10000, 20000 people for the cycling races. there were white races, black races but the races that provided the winnings were dominated by white raters. major taylor was bought in indianapolis, indiana, he left the because of the reasons that he faced and move to massachusetts. this was him 815 usual and youht can see he is a slight man, his
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height was 5-foot seven he was in the 140s when he was a racer so he was not built for racing. initially a lot of the racers were 6 feet tall, much larger bodies and support. there was a man who ran a bicycling manufacturing and took him under his wing. he saw him something of himself. yes a a black man and this was a white man, he'd been the champion of the high wills bicycle era. he was worldns festive man in te early 1890s and then he saw major taylor and all the research he thought he had the makings of a great cyclist. he had a friend in indianapolis and that family tookad him in ad that friend was from a wealthy white family so growing up he called himself like a millionaire son.
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he was from a very poor family behind and upbringing as well with this other family that provided him with a bicycle and they undertook him to massachusetts, one of the people in his life was a man named arthur zimmerman, he was also a world champion and he taught him a lot about how to build your body in nutrition to become a strong man in a 1985 he wrote a book called points on training and major taylor devoured the book. he learned good tips on how to use the food, gymnasium so tried to go there at the whimsy in indiana but the ymca said you are not welcome here because of the color of your skin and he later said this was the first time he learned about the monster prejudice. soso bernie monger i so much he decided to leave indiana and leave his a company behind and move the new company to massachusetts and there he was
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brought along and went to the ymca there and was welcome. there he felt comfortable and decided he wanted to spend the rest of his life there except later on which i'll tell you about. he believes so strongly in major taylor that by 1896 after he had one amateur reese's he took him to new york city and wanted to enter him in the greatest race of the time heard in a credible testament of how strongly he believed in him. this is a picture of madison square garden, you can see the tower and it's a palatial type of building. they held a 60 race. you race around an oval for six days straight in our rest here there but it was inhumane type of race. if he could survive that yet survived one of the most brutal sporting contest ever by man. it took years off your life if you participated in the 60 race.
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it was not difficult. at the time the greatest printer was any bal eddie cannonball end himself as the star of the day before the word superstar was used he was it. his greatest in the world and pat enter paid to advertise products he is making more than $10000 a year in theom 1880s. he took the beat around to the neighborhood and it was great training to be a sprinter. he can fly like a cannonball. he was a great sprinter of the day and he had not done anything about major taylor but he decided this was a man in the race that he should enter. a preliminary contest a half
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mile for the 60 race would begin. the halfga mile race reached fie laps around the oval. if you can imagine atn the time there are 10,015,00 10000 -- 15. as a race major taylor later said there was so much smoke that one of the writers look like he could've been his h brother. they were that covered from growing from the arena. you can imagine trying to race but choking on smoke trying to get through allll the grant so e first match was a half mile sprint, 5 miles around the oval. against eddie and he took his place and they walked him up to the starting line and 10000 or 15000 people watching as the occurrence was happening of ani black man against white
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research. to put this in perspective this is december of 1896, six month earlier was a decision of the supreme court, and that case, the supreme court decided by 721 ruling the separate but equal was for accommodation. that was not fair to blacks but at the time a white dominated ruling class wanted to come up with a system that would institute segregation and that ruling basically with all the jim crow regulations that continued on. six month. after that here's major taylor, he is 18 years old into his mindd his first race al the pressure in the world is on his shoulders, not just for his personal glory but to hold up the standard for his race. he felt if he could succeed he would disproves the series of the time. that's what he wants to do in
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the race. they released and they went racing around one, two and so on anin incredibly the crowded shouting and he thought he won the race and victory in the south brooklyn club which trained him said there's onere more lap to go. eddie cannonball ceases opening starts ahead and major taylor hears his teammates and realizes there's one more lap to go so he shoots out himself like a cannibal and incredibly wins the sprint in the first professional race for the incredible crowd he becomes a champion sprinter. that is an extraordinary accompaniment and that's just the preliminary, next is a 60 race. suddenly before the pattern in your city, major taylor is a talk of the city. who is this young man, how did he beat the best white sprinters
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in the world in the 60 race that everyone came to see. there are newspaper writers from around the world this is the day before radio and television they got the word within the newspapers and there was a newspaper war going on and they were covering the race in their writing about major taylor, partial washer reader taylor who is a young man r and how was he able to do what he's doing in the 60 race is about to start. as major taylor get self-destructive race he looks up and sees a man eddie, he is not going to participate because he's at the center and he was not going to risk his health and the six day race but major taylor had no choice. to get in the race he had to promise he would race all 60s initially promoters that ran baseball teams that were not nearly operable as bicycle racing they thought they would not allow him because of his skin color.f eventually he was able to say i
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race and a lot of people want to see me in the promoter said -- shining the shoes of a white dgentleman on fifth avenue and e said basically no, i should be on the race track competing against best white racers in the world. promoters realized this was a way to track people, black first white and that's how this race was promoted. the best racers in the world had come in major taylor started to go around the lap and they would have bands and anthems of various countries. for major taylor they did not have the national anthem of the united states. instead they had the unofficial of the confederacy. he paid no mind, the national anthem of the other was played and they all lined up and for 60s incredibly they went around and around. you take a break here, break there in his manager would say
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you have one hour rest but it was only 15 minutes. they were pushing them so hard they wanted him to do well and at one point he became height of hallucinations and he said there's a man running after me with a knife in his hand. it was inhumane externally difficult, incredibly after six days many writers dropped out and major taylor survived the race all 60s about 1700 miles and became anyplace. no one expected him to come anywhere near much is given to well as a place. the combination of winning and surviving made major taylor an international figure. he was the talk of the city and cycling was the most popular sport in the country at the time. you look its pages from the time you see story after story after cycling in many of the stories.
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as he started racing more a lot of the white racers did not want to face him. they knew how good he can be in becoming better and better as he raced against best competition. he would start to be crooked church by others. this is a team that immigrated busting cycling team. some people believe this is the first integrated teams in the country on a professional basis. this is one year after the race and you could see he is still a small man bubble coming the other guys are on thiss team. he was not initially expected to do so well. he had an extraordinaryry capability with an incredibly smart writer and they thought he was good enough to come join. two of the people, the butler brothers which will come up later and brace major taylor and three of the four were immigrants and it was very
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interesting team in 1897 they come in years that was before in major league baseball. he was the first american in the subtitle of this book because he broke the barriers well before jack johnson was a heavyweight boxing tribune and 1908. long before jackie robinson of the major league in 1947. i feel confident if they were here they with a major taylor paved the way. jack johnson who won it in 19 await in many think of the earliest black sport heroes he initially was a c cyclist. he did participate in cycling contest and he was in a match and injured and taken toip the hospital andli he said i would participate in a less dangerous sport so he became a boxer.
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it shows you how dangerous cycling was. 11 other competitors were killed on the racetrack in oxbow ny as we go along. it wasac dangerous work the sped could be 40 miles an hour or more. this is a picture of him as a white racers tried to get him to not participate in they would say you're not allowed for jim crow all b reasons. there were countless death threats against major taylor and they realized he was their main competition. . . . he adopted scientific methods as to how to use body to degree he
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would be great athlete. he later said if i'm ounce over my weight, i give up edge. he adopted science of the day, science of the da today at the time the theory is that they were inferior in body and mind and so forth. all of its own troops tha it one theory of the day that they had to disprove. there was scientific study that was done and the gentle man that did that study that i write about in the book included basically that has nothing to do with the person's makeup. what you eat, that determines who you are. there is no inherent deficiency. it's what you make of what you have. he made more than most of what he had said as he developed his body this is what he looked like
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an extraordinary confirmation from the 5-foot seven scrawny boto seven scrawnyboy that he hs through incredibly disciplined training and in his autobiography this is the picture he put to show perfect form on a bike and perfect condition. there was nobody else in all of cycling is as dedicated to the training. he advised that sin against alcohol and tobacco. he was into protein and consumed vast quantities of eggs and was disciplined in what he ate and as i mentioned it was promoted and they would take advantage of this black versus white major taylor versus mcduffie in the race in cambridge massachusetts and you can see $1,500 at the
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maximum amount of david hughes pacers so a bicyclist would get ahead and go behind that group and you're getting the racing group and can go faster. they would have two or three seats on a bicycle loaded up with engines, incredibly noisy and then you ride behind act to go fasterch and faster and in tt case you could reach speeds of
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40 miles per hour which was according to the newspapers at the time when the story said was the fastest in such a contraption so this is what people came out to see. they would see these machines and again in the days before auto racingbi this was the biggt attraction, hundreds of thousands of people. mcduffie was a pioneer and set a world record of speed going behind a motorized pacing machine so major taylor and his sponsors knew to get the world record he had to go faster and that relied o rely on the best f machine. give me just one second. >> so, to do that, they came here to chicago. there were several in chicago. there was the track, the garfield track which you could compete. the manager helped engineer a
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fast pacing machine and decided he would write it himself and some air in chicago they made six of them and one to try to beat the world record and they were not successful. they went to another here in chicago he tried again on the concrete track into the major taylor set the speed in 1899 after the race occurred so at that point once again he could be declared the title of the world's fastest man right here in m chicago. that was in about july 1899 and here is the story from that time. co. if you can read it. this is a story here in chicago.
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breaking the record in chicago to participate in the world championships which as they would have it is just north of the border in canada held at montréal. he was hailed as a hero and most people knew he broke the record so there were many stories about him as thehe largest crowd gathered in montréal in 1899 to see the cycling match featured either expected to be one of the star attractions from around the world. so as it got under way the first he thought he won and he was the world championship.
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there were people saying that isn't true. everyone stood up in th and thed nonetheless major taylor came in second. there was another yet to come and he faced his old teammate and others in the neck brace he was victorious and dependable champion in 1899 and i refer to him in the subtitle america's first black sports hero. it shows how he felt about being an american and great pride in
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his country heis knew there wera lot of people there who wanted to deny him the proper place and there were friends who helped tm get there in the first place, so he put good people and andthe people, bad people, but the reality was what the platthat played for hit was an emotional moment. there were hundreds because international press gathered in montréal so major taylor at that point was quoted by a love of promoters to send her cycling of the world and he said i don't know if i don't have to race on sundays for the religious reasons. so, for two years a lot of back and forth and voters couldn't
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get up to break that someday then. finally they gave in and said nkay there's no one else we want more to race venue. we will give you the ban on sundays, just come and race so he got a 10,000-dollar contrast to theo co. contract to if you got married to a woman named daisy on the left with major taylor was in the middle and that is their daughter who was later born when they went to australia and had a great fortune to meet sidney taber 96-years-old. she had seen her father raised in paris and thought that was an extraordinary moment so all those years ago to talk to send the pooc which i use in the boo. on the cover stories around the world he was one of the most
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chronicled african-american men or individuals at this time. he was widely talked about a. given his great skills he raced against the best racer in france in 1901 and this is major taylor racing against and this was the new era of sports photojournalism when it regarded most there was a new area in photography and he became widely photographed by some of the best photographers in all of france in 1901 and here he drew one of the biggest crowds and a matching service history in the first race with major taylor was defeated.
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this was the largest such race that had been held. he beat him to declare the world's fastest man quite extraordinary. he gave races over europe and it was quite extraordinary. i want to leave time don't haver questions and jump ahead about two thirds or more. he goes to australia twice but he was welcomed their and did extraordinarily well. he raced his last professional race in 1910 and returned to. they were taking over.
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he had a young child so he decided he wanted to retire and go to massachusetts where he had a home and become a tight and basically invested thousands of dollars in the company to the tire business and unfortunately, it didn't go so well for a lot of reasons that he might have been cheated out of his investment in the company. and major taylor tried other ventures. the era began to pass. but he didn't think that his story should be forgotten. he actually won the world championship in world war i that took place and there was a great coming together from world war i in the country. it would've served in world war i though a lot of them were not allowedn to go into combat. in 1915, the movie birth of a nation was released which then led to the pacific plucks clan so he had done so much in his life to try to show that the
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times should be disproven, and yet there is a revival around the worst criticism tha racism s experienced when he was younger. in the 1920s he decides he wants to write his story because the nation needed to be reminded especially young people too younger to remember, this coulde done if you apply yourself. it isn't just for his own personal glory. he wanted to be known. so he sat down in his house and started writing his autobiography the fastest bicycle or in the world. as he wrote this in 1920s, it was again on the rise. sadly, in 1923, the leader of the new england kkk had a huge speech at the apollo as it was called the great venue in massachusetts, and this drew 1900 people in that auditorium
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and another 500 in the overflow. so you can only imagine him sitting there writing his autobiography and hearing that they've come a, which had so welcomed him when he was a young man, they welcomed him to the ymca and welcomed him into this city. but i want to read you from the book something that occurred during that speech that was given by the plan later. so, but he read from the book for just a moment. there is an individual eugene farnsworth had been at the stage speaking before 1900 people in the overflow ascending to the stage and he slipped his eyes over the audience. speaking slowly theatrically cohesive i've been here since noon and i find out we are all crazy. the crowd roared its approval. they walked to the edge of the stage where the reporters have gathered. he told the crowd he was going
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to have a heart to heart talk. then he began one of his many attacks. the press of the country is becoming discredited because it doesn't publish facts. it doesn't serve the mass of people, barnes was said. the canard issued by countless speakers before to stir up the crowd. a year later, they had an even bigger meeting. 15,000 people gathered at the fairgrounds just a few miles from his home from wha office te largest rally in history of new england with 120,000 or so people 15,000,0 clan members gathered and he's still writing his autobiography trying to get it published in hear inheres abs incredible rally right near his home. it only made him stronger that people knew his story and remembered what he'd gone through in his life to overcomeo the severe racism.
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reading again from the buck for a moment, a thousand people signed up as clan members in at midnight it was over and there were a lot of people who didn't want the clan members to be there and a great protest came out. there were clashes in the streetstreets, cars overturned,d then there is a there's an incre test but i swear people fight with the clan. it is an incredible scene, and this is a story from the front page of the newspaper the next day. beaten in the street, when an injured and you probably can't see this, but i didn't even know they had a plane. they did research for the study of it had a symbol right over the neighborhood where the major taylor lived so it must have been extraordinarily difficult for the major two witness and hear about as he's writing his autobiography. they are not going to self publish that book.
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he does that, publishes the book and at this time the depression isep coming in, very difficult time to sell it at about a witha cyclist champion from an earlier era, he's a prewar phenomenon. he becomes destitute and moved here to chicago. that is where major taylor was hitaylor washis last days and dn chicago and is buried here in chicago. what's important about major taylor is that his is a story of inspiration. a lot of terrible things happened. what he wanted to be remembered for is inspiring people. he wanted his autobiography to tell people that there is a way to overcome the worst anniversary and racism, and he says that he wrote his autobiography for this reason coming of a right he paved the way for the athletes have transcended the role to fight for civil rights and in his
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words this is a quote, life should be remembered for f simpe justice, equal rights and a deal for the posterity of the downtrodden but brave people not only athletic game and sports but every honorable game of human endeavor," unquote. he was a great civil rights leader and athlete and wanted his autobiography and life t lie remembered and i am very proud to be part of that effort to keep his memory going because it is relevant even tory this day. thanks very much. [applause] will be delighted to take questions for people that have known about major taylor. yes. >> years ago when i was a reporter for the "boston globe" i heard about major taylor. i became interested in the basic question.
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i was interested in what happened after reconstruction when the airpp is cold. then i heard about major taylor becoming a world champion and i wondered how did that happen and what did he due to overcome this adversity and become a world champion. became interested in that story because iry believe history is a way to enlighten where we are today. and i've learned that his fathv was still living in pittsburgh 96-years-old. i had with her in pittsburgh and talked with her about her father's story and she told me about all the terrible things he's experienced and how she thinks that the story should be remembered. the papers fortunately he kept scrapbooks you could scrap this high from around the world. there were letters to his wife which still exists and he kept a lot of them. so i realized there was a lot of material to work with and he was
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one of the most chronicled african-american men of his day there was a lot fair. i wrote a magazine story and that appeared the weekend after 9/11. i got a lot of letters. after that i got on my mind the idea maybe there's a larger social political history ofic te time off and on my collected thousands of stories, read a lot of pics of time. time. and gradually put togetherrs te books i'm speaking about here today. yes sir, and i. >> how much cultivation did you get? >> in addition to talking to sydney to give the papers to the museum, i met with the family and i know two of the
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grandmothers and wit some other members of the family. we spoke in boston for two nights earlier this week or last week it was. wednesday and thursday and one of the great-granddaughter the o of those talks so i've been able to stay in touch with family. they do a lot to promote the story. not just because it is a family member but because they are familiar, so i think it is fair to say they are delighted to receive a camp has been more publicity than there has ever been about the time he was a racing champion it seems to be. so i think that he's giving revival. there is an effort led by the people to have a nature trail and to expand upon that and told his life story because it really is asp story of inspiration and that i believe people should know more abouto that.
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i have read many biographies. what would you say in your words, and i'm assuming you have read some of those other autobiographies asn well. what are some of the other other biography is the key for the pleasure of reading as well? spinnaker i'm a historian, journalistso and investigative reporter. a grand social history. so, the other books i'm sure are fine. my books are the kind of excited right. i write about thomas jefferson and there've been hundreds of books about thomas jefferson's weight is a little daunting to think about writing about someone else.. but if you haven't done it and it hasn't been done. you'll bring your own personal view and knowledge and expertise and that is what i wanted to do. i had a great interest in understanding the buck history and what was interesting to me was the jim crow era and the gilded age.
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these two areas came together in one incredibly ostentatious when people were put down for no reason other than skin color and how does collide so i told him a great story. you read about who is the president of the era. it's hard to imagine today, the most powerful groupe, of the tie of the people who build bicycles in the 1890s, they had a lot of confidence. there were groups ofnd tens of thousands of cycliststs went to washington for lobbying for the paving of road of good roots movements before automobiles. long before that. so come ifo you go down a parkwy and it has been paid, the author could start from a bicycle group saying we should feed thi this raowth coming ofroad,not the tr. so com come it is a big part ofr history, and i wanted to put that in a perspective and tell the full story. because of the digitization of newspapers, i was able to search
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for stories that haven't been available. they put a story in the scrap and it was there. some others were there and i was able to expand upon that play having a weighted for many years toto write this book to take advantage of many stories i didn't know about. i will give you an example. there came a time whenn major taylor was under a great difference and his manager was afraid they wouldn't be able to compete so he went to the north and one day this was, and they were c advertised in the newspapers directed towards african americans applying lotion to make your skin look whiter. there really was no reason to do this. it was a racist marketing campaign, but at one point they were so desperate because major taylor was being banned that he convinced them to let it be applied. he it was incredibly painful. they after day the applied and
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he did look slightly less black but it was only slight and it was incredibly painful they gave up on that exercise. major taylor later said he was at manager because he wanted him to do well. he never asked for payment for himself. he did some extreme measures to help him become a champion. in the end, he used that as motivation and said never again will i try to do anything that covers up my skin. i want to do this for motivation and that is what he did on behalf of his grace and he said that is what motivated me for the rest of my career. so in those articles there were some quotes and some of these individuals d at the detroit newspaper and the other in the same story in a different
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newspaper elsewhere and i found them because papers have been digitized for other reasons. there were many things like that that they were able toac track down. another example is i was very interested that his father served in the civil war and they knew that from the north. she joined him on some ventures to paris so they wrote on one occasion he was concerned about what happened to him that she knew where the insurance policies were onic the pension d mentioned in passing that his father's penchant for some or the name of wilhite, not taylor because they registered to serve under someone else's name and there were reasons why this happens sometimes but with a clue, they were able to figure out here is where he served, his father served for the north and the civil war a doubleth of richmond with the colored infantry as it was called. so it turned out that there was
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a mixed ordinary that helps you understand a little bit more. we also know he went to a veterans reunion wearing the jacket. he was about 10-years-old wearing a military jacket and maybe that's why he was called major. a his father was never a nature that is wher where it may be cae from. it's one of several theories. but wearing the jacket is one of the reasons people say he was known as meijer. he never served in the military himself. other questions.
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>> this is why there were many civil war veterans there were many in the south for a grade of the civil war and major taylor tried to do training in florida and basically where the others when he was banned. he couldn't go there than his manager at the time said we will find another place for you in the south where it's warm and they sent him to savanna georgia. they thought that this would be okay but they didn't want major taylor. he was on the road training and there were three cyclists. they basically told him you are not welcome here, leave and he said basically i will show you and he sped up faster and faster as i will race you to town so they could use each other in midstream to go faster they couldn't keep up with the one individual. so after that brave act, he decided it was time to leave.
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they left him a note saying either leave or we will kill you. so he faced all sorts of things like this. he faced extraordinary raise the threat. there were no helmets, there were many crashes. he had numerous concussions as far as i could tell. people didn't understand them ththemthe way they do today so e would say go back that is the worst thing you should do. at the time w they came back frm europe you said i can't raise any more. i nearly had a nervous breakdown. for three years he didn't race and then finally, he had a come back and went back to europe and did well and went back again so it was extraordinary difficult. physical abrasion and the psychic abrasions of the racism
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in having so much inerti havings trying to disprove theories used against so many people. it was very difficult. he held it together in an extraordinary fashion yes the civil war, many people it was wo refresh memory and for those in the south. >> did major taylor ever consider staying in france or europe to develop his life or did he always planne plan on reg to america? >> he felt very warm towards france. there was an incident where someone who owned a hotel or apartment in france came to the owner and said we won't stay in the same place with a black man because these american guests. he was outraged this is supposed to be the land of liberty and equality.
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they rallied around him and as a result of that he felt very grateful and very warm towards the french people. he wrote newspaper columns which i was able to read in which he talked about. people said you should move here. in factt later on there were numerous times he would have thought about it. they returned to the u.s. at the port of san francisco and when they got to san francisco he had been put in the best hotels and there were accolades in the newspapers and h that he was an incredible supersmart. hehe gets sucked with vaughn walker and immediately isn't allowed to go stay in a hotel or eat at restaurants where whites stayed and he said this is the
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america you have been telling me about, why don't you stay in australia where you are welcome to comment couldn't believe it. so eventually, he had to trick the people in a restaurant. then he told them to come and join him and the people at the restaurant were appalled but he said this just isn't right but you're not allowed tyou are nott this restaurant and he couldn't believe what he was seeing as far as the racism that he had to experience back in america. this was his home. he described it as incredibly unfair. he just wants a fair shake. he felt given a fair shake he and anyone else could triumph since there was enough perseverance. anyone else clicks yes sir.
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>> the reason appears to be people realized in the first tour it was incredible there were restrictions on race in australia. there was a lot of antipathy against all sorts of immigrants initially he was w welcomed and when they came into the port in sydney australia, he was amazed when they came out to greet him like an incredible hero. the enthusiasm had waned and thethey regularizedtherate of iy going to beat them to kee that e wasn't so happy about them coming. so attitudes have shifted
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against him. he still did very well and had many supporters and overcame a lot of adversity. the second tour with bands such aevent such asthe first unfortu. >> what do you think is the major finding of your research? something that you discovered which he hadn't known before that made a good impression? >> i think it is the totality of the achievements that he paved the way. he was the first black american sports champion. it wasn't as big as cycling by a long shot. when you write a book like this often times it's the details,
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but dozens of details you want to find as a writer. so it is the cumulative hopefully of that. my record is to bring the story to the audience in the context of the time that he deserves thist place and in the pentagon to fight for civil rights because he was a civil rights cleader in his way. a lot of people looked up to him. he was written about an awful loten of doub about. he competed in a time before radio and film. there's no film of him racing. we just have incredible photography.
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i'm hopeful somewhere may be in the archives it still exists because he raced as late as 1910 when there were film of the races so it's possible if you are listening maybe there is a film off the major in an actual race but we do see others in the same place and at the same time and pictures of him so it doesn't take much imagination to see what he went through. i have an audio version of the book but i haven't read the copy or finished it. i've gone through different excerpts and i'm so appreciative of how you characterize the book and i ask you the question because they'll be threatening the answer but i just want to applaud you for highlighting and focusing on the fact that i yese was a world champion he was a
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civil rights activist. you seem to articulate it is very well. if i had answered the question that is how i would have said you do and all some and amazing job bringing to light that he wabut he wasalso a civil rightst almost as great as him being [inaudible] >> i am not a sports writer. when i did a did an excerpt fore rtck last week last week i did s story in all of my career as a journalist i love sports stories that followed sports, but i am in this case a historian writing a story but deeplyly involved sports that is as much as anything else a social or political history in that broad civil rights story because he was so remarkable in what he did. if you read these are some
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examples. itur really is an important part of our national history. if you don't understand this history you are not fully understanding american history because he was able to do something at an extraordinarily difficult time and really paved the way for others who came after him. thank you very much. it was an honor to talk here in chicago. [applause]
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he enjoys having us around. i do really believe despite his constant comments about fake news and the media and so forth, i feel he enjoys having us around because it helps drive the message and the news of the day he can do every day and does every day. therefore, having us around allows him to do that. up next a look at jonathan hanson's book about the early life of fidel castro.

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