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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  October 11, 2014 7:49pm-8:01pm EDT

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>> this year, we are touring the country. a our recent visit to boulder, colorado. >> when visitors come to the boulder history museum, they will learn the early history of the boulder area. our focus is telling the stories of boulder from the early years up through today. the first floor is the exhibit of the arapahoe, the native americans who lived here prior to white settlement. this exhibit really tells that story. on the second floor of the museum, it is called "storymakers." it is about the early settlers to the boulder area, why they came here, how they made a living, and what life was like
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in the early years of boulder. the chief was one of our most notable historic figures in boulder's history. chief niwot was an arapahoe chief who was here in the mid-1850's at the time when gold was discovered and there was a lot of movement to the west, a lot of whites came out in search of gold and really changed the life of the indians who had been living here. niwot was an interesting man. he spoke english, which he learned from his sister's husband, who was a fur trader. that ended up being important to the arapahoe at the time. 1858.was here in at that time, a group of white gold seekers came out and camp
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at the base of the mountains in boulder. niwot asked them to leave. this land was given to the indians from the treaty of fort laramie in 1851, so it really was indian land. when niwot saw them come and camp here, he asked them to leave. they said, we are here looking for gold and we will leave after winter. they discovered gold and they never left. they came down. many of them settled this area, created the city of boulder. the arapahoe really lost their land at that time. on display here, we have some clothing and some items that represent what the arapahoe would have worn and would have used in the late 1800s. there is a dress made out of hide that arapahoe women would have worn. there is a saddle blanket and
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that they would have put over a horse. a beautiful feathered headdress that the chief would have used during ceremonies, and also some leggings that would have been worn by arapahoe men. with these, you can see the beautiful beading. some of these would have been used during ceremonies and rituals more than they would have for everyday life of the arapahoe. niwot tried tirelessly to keep peace between the tens of thousands of white men who came out in search of gold and the arapahoe. at that time, there were only several thousand of them. ultimately, the arapahoe and the cheyenne, who also lived in the area, ended up in an area in southeastern colorado at sand creek, and many of them were brutally massacred in 1864. most of the rest of them ended up on reservations in wyoming and oklahoma.
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after 1864, the population of indians of this area was incredibly diminished. we are in the "storymakers" exhibit. this is an exhibit that tells the early stories of boulder. in particular, this section is about the early miners that came to boulder. in 1858, gold was discovered in a riverbed near what is today denver. soon after that, the word got out and tens of thousands of people came west in search of gold, looking to seek their fortunes. they came to boulder. there was not gold in the city of boulder. it was in the mountains. but the city was founded as a supply town for the gold miners who were in the mountains. what you can see here is some of the equipment that these miners would have carried. a lot of miners had a burro they
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would put their pack on with the shovel and pick. it was pretty hard work. there were a lot of people who came out thinking they would get rich seeking gold and it did not work out. they came back down and started businesses to supply the miners who were in the mountains. we are looking at a section of the exhibit that really focuses on boulder as a healthy place to be. today, boulder gets on many lists as the fittest city and the most healthy city and things like that. we can really trace that back to our early roots. one of the really interesting things that we found is we found a breakfast menu from 1898. and on the menu was granola. they were making granola in boulder in 1898, something that a lot of people actually think came out of the 1970's and the health food movement there.
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but it really -- we can trace the health food movement in boulder back to the early years of our history. if you move over here, this exhibit ties into that with outdoor activities, which again are a huge part of boulder today. people come to boulder to be outside, to hike, to bike, to run, to climb. as you can see from the equipment in here, the early years of boulder, that was equally as important to people. we have some great wooden skis that were used in the 1800s, some snowshoes, and women did these outdoor activities as much as men, sometimes groups of women that would go on hiking excursions of high peaks in the mountains. the remarkable thing is, they would hike in these tall boots
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and long skirts. we have pictures of women climbing long's peak, a 14,000-foot mountain west of boulder, in long dresses and these boots. the items in this display focus on education in the boulder community, which has always been a hallmark of boulder, as much as the flat irons in the mountains, boulder is defined by the university of colorado, which opened in 1877. in 1878, they hired mary ripon, who was the third faculty member hired at the university. and she was actually the first woman to be hired at any state university in the country. really quite remarkable at the time. mary has a very interesting story. she had a secret life as well. not only did she teach at the university, but she fell in love with one of her students. she ended up marrying him.
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at the time, a woman could not be married and continue to teach, so she married him secretly. in addition, they had a child, a daughter. she took a sabbatical in europe for a year and had her daughter there. and then she left her daughter with her husband and her husband raised the daughter. mary came back to colorado and lived the rest of her life in boulder. she did send money to support her daughter and she would go visit her, but nobody in boulder ever knew that she had been married or that she had a child. she kept this a secret to friends and relatives in the states. it was not until nearly 100 years later that anybody knew that mary ripon had been married and had a daughter, when her grandson came forward and broke the news that she had this secret life that nobody knew about.
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boulder's history is so fascinating. so many people that come to boulder and that live here have no idea why boulder is here. they have no idea who lived here prior to the founding of boulder. and so we are hoping when they come and visit the museum and explore our exhibits, they really get a sense of why the city is here in the first place, why was it founded, and who lived here before boulder was a city. we have a lot of people who are new residents to boulder who don't know that early history and a lot of visitors that come , into boulder that really want to know why is it here. and so we are hoping that through our exhibits, they will get a good sense of the community, not only when it was founded, but also, who lived here prior to the founding.
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>> find out where c-span's local content vehicles are going next, online at c-span.org/localcontent. you are watching american history tv -- all weekend every weekend on c-span three. >> through saturday evening at 8:00 p.m. eastern. iowa university timothy wolters talks about king george's war which took place in the 1700s in north america between colonial powers. while the war was inconclusive, it did establish regional identity between the colonies. class is about 50 minutes.
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>> good friday, today, we are going to be discussing two separate conflicts that took place in the war of austrian succession. we talked about the french indian wars, we also talked about queen and's war, and we're going to talk about separate conflicts. one is in the french indian wars, i kind of added it to the powerpoint here, but we're talking about the war of jenkins' ear in north america between the british colonists of the south and spain, and in the north, once again it is a french and indian war, a war that occurred just before the french indian wars. i put up aas always, couple of words appear for spelling. these are not words you necessarily need to remember. often time i like to mention these, and students want to get

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