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tv   1964 U.S. Army Film Exercise Delawar  CSPAN  October 25, 2014 8:00am-8:31am EDT

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>> each week, "reel america" brings you archival films that help tell the story of the 20th century. in april of 1964, american and iranian armed forces conducted a series of joint military
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exercises designed to send a cold war message to the soviet union, which shared a 1400 mile border with iran. exercise delawar was documented in this episode of "the big picture." a television series produced by the u.s. army. delawar it is a persian word meaning courageous. the united states and iran were allies until the overthrow of the shah in 1979. >> iran is a distant land, halfway around the globe from the united states. its security is a vital concern to our government. as a member of the central treaty organization, iran is an important link in the defense of the free world. she shares a 1400 mile border with russia, who has sought a warm water port in the area.
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although iran has a fine army, she would require immediate assistance from her allies in case of invasion. in order to prove the ability of airborne support, the united states and iranian forces planned a joint exercise called delawar. this successful far-reaching exercise is the first of its kind on this scale. ♪
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♪ as cyrus the younger said," my father's kingdom extends far to the south where a man cannot live because of the heat and northward to where he cannot live because of extreme cold. " this proud boast is almost as true today in iran as it was when the country bore the name persia. high mountains, green valleys, and vast desert areas make up the land of iran. here is the theme of one of the world's earliest civilizations and the archaeological remains of the once great kingdoms which flourished in an ancient world. in ancient times, iran's strategic position has tempted invaders and coveted neighbors.
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during recent years, iran's armed forces have been supplied and trained by the united states. as the rampart of the freedom loving world, 6000 years of recorded history. ♪ ♪ the planning nerve center for the united states delawar exercise was located in florida. general adams commanded all united states forces participating in the exercise. ♪ ♪ ♪ in new mexico, fighter pilots were briefed on their tactical
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support mission. two squadrons were assigned to that delawar operation. 88 united states transports provided the airlift requirement necessary to move an airborne brigade 8000 miles to its destination. ♪ ♪ at fort campbell, kentucky, the 101st airborne division, the screaming eagles, supplied a brigade, designed to demonstrate our ability to go quickly to the aid of a friendly middle east country. delawar is a persian word meaning courageous, for which the fighting men of the 101st are famous. the military transport service
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airlifted 550 tons of cargo were transported. equip and supply the approximately 2300 airborne troops involved in the exercise. ♪ ♪ giant transports lowered their ramps to take in the necessary work tools of today's modern fighting men. these items of military material traveled thousands of miles, together with the soldiers that would use them, demonstrating to our friends and other nations the mobility of the united states armed forces. ♪ ♪ also present at all times was the supersonic firepower of the supporting tactical fighters. ♪ ♪
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strategic air command jet tankers refueled the fighters en route from the united states to iran. ♪ ♪ a base in turkey was the first stop for the battle group on their global track. ♪ ♪ the troops remained alert by top conditioning exercises. ♪ ♪ of course, like soldiers everywhere, time was found for that moment of relaxation. a chance to nourish the inner man. meanwhile, in iran, elements of the royal guard assisted by their united states military advisers stage a warm-up.
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the iranian flight crews and airborne officers went over the plan. and pinpointed the drop zone area. the confidence and skill of these men testified to their qualifications as paratroopers and reflected the excellent training given them. ♪ ♪ on d-day, the airborne brigade flew through the narrow corridor between turkey and northwest iran. they then conducted a powerful airborne assault. ♪ ♪
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later, an amphibious assault in the persian gulf. the airborne and amphibious assaults were supported by jet fighters. in iran, exercise delawar's nerve center. among the first to land, the joint task force staff. communications equipment and personnel also arrived in these aircraft. setting up their gear with the speed from long hours of training, communications network was soon established. ♪ ♪
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the first combat element to arrive in iran were the f100s. which landed with routine precision. united states and iranian air force officers were on hand to observe the landing. also on hand, sergeant major donald cosgrove. >> we are down on the flight line and while we have some time, we will speak to a couple of the military personnel involved in exercise delawar. one of the most interesting things about this exercise is that for every american participating, he has his iranian counterpart.
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this f86 fighter jet behind me will be taking off as a part of the air cover for the airdrop. standing to my right, a second lieutenant jet pilot of the imperial iranian air force. i would like to ask you how you feel about being able to take part in an exercise with american pilots. >> i like it very much. i want to take this exercise and i think the americans will bring me memories from my flying time and united states >> where did you do your flying in the united states? >> basic training in texas. my gunnery training in nevada. >> i must say i noticed one thing about you, you speak very good english. did you have to take any language training? >> about four months of language training in texas.
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>> we will have a few words with the gentleman to my left. how do you like being here halfway around the world? this is major stallings. >> sergeant, it is a fine opportunity for me because one of the jet pilots is an old student of mine from the united states. >> on d-day, his imperial majesty arrived with his staff. among dignitaries were representatives of the other central countries -- england, pakistan, and turkey. ♪ ♪ ♪ the first wave of planes over
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the drop zone. the heavy equipment was dropped first. then the paratroopers. with perfect precision, the clusters of chutes filled the skies. once on the ground, the soldiers scrambled for their equipment, regrouped, and joined their iranian comrades. ♪ ♪ after the drop, sergeant major cosgrove talked to the exercise commander.
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>> general adams, i'm happy to say that once again our paths have crossed. only this time, halfway around the world. in iran. general adams has another command and will you explain what does the command involve? >> it involves the military, the u.s. military response in the middle east, south asia, and africa south of the sahara. discharging these responsibilities, all of our military activities are brought under one single commander. this exercise is under my command because i bring the forces over and i turn them over to the combined commander. who conducts the operation here. >> you had the opportunity to meet and talk with his imperial majesty. what were his impressions of
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exercise delawar? >> he has expressed great pleasure over what has taken place in the exercise. he turned to me and said, that is a very precise drop indeed. there was enthusiasm in the manner in which he expressed himself. >> do feel this will have some kind of an impact on the iranian army? >> i think any strong endeavor between two people does have a large impact. we are learning how to work with the iranian armed forces as a combined joint team.
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engage in a common enterprise. with this teamwork, if we should ever have to operate together, our strength will be multiplied. >> as the first airborne assault was concluded, he left the stands in order to follow the action as it developed. the shah boarded the jeep and headed a convoy of dignitaries to watch the exercises. we are now 250 miles, about 400 kilometers, from the air force base. it is a breezy day as we stand overlooking the blue waters of the persian gulf. it is still d-day. the amphibious assault is well underway. this operation is a part of exercise delawar and is designed to point out the ability of the
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united states military to deliver amphibious support to our allies if and when they should ever call for it. >> a united states navy force took part in the action. the united states and iranian naval forces in the persian gulf launched an amphibious attack. their mission, to clear the island of enemy insurgents. as the landing craft hit the beach, the united states marines stormed the shore. ♪ ♪ other marines were airlifted.
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by helicopter. the choppers contribute it their share to the success of the operation. use of helicopters greatly increased tactical mobility. it enabled the troops to move over terrain obstacles. heavy equipment was transported in a similar manner. the official observers witnessed firsthand this valuable training exercise. the landing forces were recovered from the island at the conclusion of the operation. within days, they would conduct another combined amphibious assault in the persian gulf area.
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it is now d-day plus two, exercise delawar, and we have returned to the western desert area of iran. weinmanis captain paul special forces advisor speaking to you from drop zone hawk. i've just parachuted in a combat control team for the purposes of medications and navigational aid, which will be approaching from this direction carrying two companies, an american company and iranian airborne company. from his majesty's imperial
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guard. these two companies will jump, move out into assembly areas, and move up to reinforce tests, which is part of exercise -- delawar. >> one united states and one iranian troops demonstrated their readiness. ♪ ♪ together, the armies attacked across the rugged terrain advancing towards the fictitious enemy. the drive and combat spirit showed the meaning of the combat war, ore, dela courageous.
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sergeant major cosgrove talked to one of the helicopter pilots. >> it would seem for the 101st airborne division, the keyword in exercise delawar is mobility. you can very easily add a few more words and say air mobility of their own. this helicopter belongs to the 101st airborne division from fort campbell, kentucky, and this is the pilot. first lieutenant leonardkulick. we have just returned from a mission. lieutenant, will you explain what the mission was all about about? >> the area is extremely rough and hazardous and we have to know if the battalion can move safely and swiftly through the area. >> how did you get a helicopter halfway around the world? >> we used an air force c-133.
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it was necessary to partially dismantle this helicopter. we took off main -- one main rotor blade and then the aircraft was moved inside and chained down. it was flown here 8000 miles. >> because this is unfamiliar territory, do you feel you will have any problems flying this area? >> yes, we do have a problem. we are very familiar with our own area. we are operating in a desert region that has large mountains and flowing snow that offers many peculiar problems we do not normally have. >> did you bring much other heavy equipment along with the 101st trip contingent? >> yes we brought all supporting , equipment and we brought an accompanying helicopter to this and spare parts, fuel, oil, crew chiefs to maintain the aircraft.
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>> how long have you been flying helicopters? >> six months. formally, i was with the 101st. >> do you normally take your heavy equipment with you when you make an overseas move? >> yes, we do. we take all the equipment we need to sustain ourselves in the field. >> where's your hometown? >> chicago, illinois. >> thank you for the use of this flight jacket. and thank you for this pleasant ride. >> later, united states and iranian units made a combined amphibious strike against the mainland. naval officers work together in directing the operation. also, their support during exercises planned by united states and iranian officers
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working in close harmony. united states f100s took off in heavy dust for a ground support mission. they were followed by iranian f86s. trained in the united states, the iranians proved to be fine pilots. the iranian pilots spotted their targets and peeled off. forward air control guided the
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planes to their targets. after the strikes, the planes returned to the air base.
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the final objective, united states troop aircraft assemble for the long trip back to the united states. redeployment began at once with an element of speed that was important to the united states armed forces. despite the dust the giant , planes airlift men and equipment back to united states safely and on schedule. it is important to realize that for the first time in our history, an entire army airborne brigade with all of its heavy equipment was transported 12,000 miles on an ally's call for assistance to help stem the tide of aggression in their country. united states military officials have devoted considerable effort to the evaluation of exercise delawar and the contributions to
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the defense of the free world. they believe the success of the exercise has given a strong boost to the central treaty organization. united states and iranian fighting men have gained invaluable experience, both in staff and command function and combined operations in the field. this effort helps prove the differences in language and customs need not be a barrier to allies working and fighting together for a common cause. the exercise demonstrated that joint operating procedures enhance the combat power of allied forces. the exercise helped strengthen
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the ties of friendship between the two countries. as for the united states armed forces, exercise delawar is evidence of the effectiveness of a joint task force concept. it is another demonstration of the ability of the united states armed forces to react swiftly to calls for help and to dispatch a strong mobile fighting force to any part of the world in a matter of hours. we have shown you the planning, weapons, and materials that made this three-day exercise possible. the spirit of close cooperation between the participating soldiers was the true significance of exercise delawar. >> the air force base in iran
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halfway around the world in the , cause of freedom. this is sergeant major donald cosgrove, united states army, saying goodbye from iran. ♪ >> this weekend, tonight at 10:00, the women of color empowerment conference on sunday evening at 8:00, filmmaker and daughter of robert f kennedy on in latest film "last days vietnam." beginning 11:00 eastern this morning, live coverage of the texas books -- festival in austin and our coverage of the festival continues life starting
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at noon tomorrow. on american history tv on c-span three, tonight at 8:00, lectures and history, the modernization of businesses and health goals in the 20th century and its impact on society. sunday afternoon at four clock, ronald reagan's 1964 "a time for choosing" speech. let us know what you think about the programs you are watching. us orn call us or e-mail .end us a tweet join the c-span conversation. next >> law professor robert , clinton discusses the history of treaties between native americans and non-native settlers. he traces evolution of anglo-american treaties and how they shifted from the relationship agreements to the sovereign agreement with the federal government. he also serves as the chief

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