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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  November 1, 2014 7:50am-8:01am EDT

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maria teresa was allowed to maintain the throne. and although the war was fought over deep tensions it was a draw and both sides went back. we will see a new war known as the seven year's war will break out within a decade. that is october 1748 and we have seen this before. right? and what happens when we go back to status quo, what happens. >> essentially they go back. and return to the way it was before and so what does that mean? it goes back to the french. so if you're a british kcolonis, what do you think of that? we just went back to this thing that you spent all this on.
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it makes perfect sebs, right? britain did not win the war. the french dominated on the continent. and you know, they had maritime advantages. from the colonial perspective, this is our great military achievement and you took it away from us. we have this great achievement and you took it away with the stroke after pen. that the perception. and so, economists robbed of the fruits of their greatest victory and there's a second part to that. and the frefrm head back to the place where they can put their privateers and raid and they are just as vulnerable as they were in 1744, 1745. so colonists are not happy and it makes sense from the british perspective. and not pleasing to the colonists. so what are the takeaways that we might have from discussing
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king george's war under this period? i think there's three things we can kind of take away from this particular conflict. the british colonists have once again banded together in times of crisis. we talk about coming together, gives you a sense of style and so there's definitely a shared sense of community that comes out of this. and you can kind of imagine, right? it is maybe the modern monologue of going to a modern football game. you're all one, all cheering no your team, right? the idea the crisis comes, all together and then there is this panic, right? that the coast will be raided. then a storm dispurses and there is rejoicing together. and so there's this creation, not that it wasn't already a sense of community but it enhances that, that, that feeling amongst the people. and creates a sense of community. distinct of being british
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subjects. it does take valuable military experience, right? as we know because we've seen the few tour, there's more coming up, the american revolution. and there aren't too many colonists around who fought in queen ann's war by the 1750s or 60s, and if they are, they aren't able to fight. but 1740s, take place ten years later. there is definitely valuable military experience. and lastly, i think that another thing, and we've beat this drum a bit here, is that it did convince many people that in fact, providence was on their side. right? that citizen soldiers coming together to do god's work would allow for the defeat of a regular army. right? this is something that a lot of people -- a lot of people take away. so with that, i will go ahead and open up for questions. and i actually have a take away
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for you guys here. this is a chronology here. so any -- yes, sir? >>. [ inaudible ] >> the question is, the louisburg for the, is there another time it was taken and the answer is yes. so in the next war we come back and the british have to take it again. and you know, the fact that they took it in 1745 helps them a lot. when they take it again in 1758. so there's a definite knowledge and that kind of ties into that theme about how the military experience has gains. it is done once and surely we can do it again, british kind of thing. and we will look at that next week. and actually you're reading about it in anderson's book. yes, sir? >>. [ inaudible ] >> the question is, hey, seems
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like the royal navy is kind of helpful, all right? wouldn't the colonists want to start building up their own navy? and the short answer is yes. in fact, the very first navy we have the continental navy, right? so they do recognize when the revolution comes. on the other hand, navys are really expensive. were you the expensive? expensive to build, expensive to maintain. one of the problems that we have is trouble in provisions. they don't have money and this is the king of france, right? so there's really no motivation for them to invest all of this money in navy because the british navy there and after all they are british citizens. why wouldn't you build continental navy if you've got the royal navy and you know, you're british and in fact we will see you in seven years war and there is an increase in this feeling of britishness. and colonial see themselves in the british empire. so in a way you look ahead which
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is great. but there's really no -- there's really no reason why a navy would be built by colonists of this period. yes, sir? >> so you say that the colonists, that they give back and would that be an active scene and kind of started in the americanizing and kind of the -- [ inaudible ] >> great question. so the question is, you know, is this whole thing a little bit about the formation of american identity and i think ultimately yes. and i want to say no because it is easy now to look back and see colonies. is this american. but it was a regional identity. before you can have a national identity, and the biggest thing about this war is formation of regional identity because they came together in the time. one of the interesting things is lengths tour. there is a disconnect, right? we have the war down south and then, other than mentioning the royal navy, i don't think i
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mentioned again the war, king george's war. and that's not accidental. and they didn't -- the carolinians and deal with katie and louisburg. and massachusetts is sending down people to help out the attack on st. augustine. so what you have is the for mag of the stronger and carolinas and georgia comes closer together and in the new england colonies and all of the new england colonies provide troops and again, what is significant is you get to the mid-atlantic pennsylvania and new york. they didn't provide troops but they provide supplies and so there's the creation after regional identity. i think more strongly in this war than any of the other previous ones. yes, sir? >> so when the -- when they return to the french, what did they hear? mainly the french come back. british leave and follow you know, and is it more of a slight skirmish to regrab the fort? >> no skirmish. the british come in and they
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think it is theirs. they have been pounding walls down, right? and it isn't the greatest and so they are like, okay, now we captured the fort and so they start and they are, lobbing, you know, shells into the city. they start rebuilding everything. you can see it in this image. this is an image from the library at university of michigan. and a contemporary sketch. we don't even know the exact date. it is done and you can tell because it is in english and done between occupations. once the o war is over, yeah, here is the keys. here is the keyes to the fort. aep so, in a way, another reason to be upset, hey, wait a minute, we just spent three years rebuilding your fort. after the siege. and now we give it back to you all new and improved. not something to further aggravate colonists to that point. >> the piece that ends the next
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year, seven years' war, treaty of paris. not the french and spafrnish war. thank you everybody for coming. i appreciate it. let's get those hawkeyes this weekend. with live coverage of the u.s. house on c-span and the senate on c-span2, here on c-span three, we come from it that covers by showing the most relevant congressional hearings and public affairs of veterans. than three iseat the home to american history tv with programs that tell our nation store including six unique series, the civil wars 100 50th anniversary, visiting battlefields and key events, american artifacts, touring museums and historic sites, history bookshelf, the best-known american history writers, the presidency, looking at the policies and legacies of our nation's commanders in chief, lectures in history with
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