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tv   1963 Documentary Henry Fords Mirror of America  CSPAN  November 27, 2014 4:26pm-5:05pm EST

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documentary the same year to show highlights of the ford collection. in so many ways, henry ford was a simple man. he liked to go camping with his friends. that's thomas edison behind him. he enjoyed old-time country dancing. here he is with the naturalist. skating with his grandchildren. they'd plant a garden together. henry ford ii and benson. his first car, he called it a quadracycle. that's his wife clara. he began with an idea that most people thought wouldn't work. but he made it work. and the tools he used were common sense ingenuity and perseverance. along with a natural instinct
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for knowing how to put machines together and make them run. he was born into a world of limited horizons. and though he left the farm that might have been his heritage, he never lost his love for the land and the everlasting cycle of seed time and harvest. what he accomplished helped men put the burden of work on machines and broke the barriers of space and time. of isolation and distance. his life was a paradox. while his mechanical genius helped to change forever the lives of people ever where, he sought to preserve in some permanent form, a record of the world around him and his eve ever-widening interest in it. he collected buildings the way others collect stamps. and put them in a village where
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time stands still. he assembled acres of machines and put them under cover in a vast historical museum. and early, he discovered the astonishing capacity of the motion picture camera to document for all time whatever it saw when the crank was turned. in april 1914, at his holland park plant, he instituted a motion picture company. travel logs, news reels and documentaries had touched on almost every facet of american life. ♪ ♪
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♪ this is the way the country looks in the years before the first world war. rich, rolling, but often inaccessible. the man on the farm works as his forefathers had. it's a hard life for man and beast. ♪ ♪
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and a long day for the farmer's wife, too. many a quiet evening at home because there's no place to go and no light to read by. a man thinks twice before he goes to market on roads like this. and sometimes, he never even gets there. it's a long walk to school on a
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muddy road. more fun to go by sleigh in the winter. during recess, there's time for a snowball fight. a climb up the old elm tree takes out the spunk for daring deed it's like this. the one sure way to get some place is on a train. but you can only go where the tracks go. 1 life in the city moves at a slow pace. this is pennsylvania avenue in washington. no trip to the capital is complete without a tour of the white house. president wilson lives here now.
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the east room with its chandeliers and shiny floors. there's more hustle and bustle down at the market. in boston or new york city on the lower east side. always plenty to do and see in the big towns. ride the elevated train, all the way from the battery far uptown. there's the hippodrome, one of the big theaters in new york. another way to see the city is a boat ride around manhattan island. all aboard. watch out.
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some city slicker may try to sell you the brooklyn bridge. passing the battery with its famous aquarium. there's a navy cruiser at anchor. great ocean liners along the hudson river. mighty tall buildings in new york city. the front iron building, shaped like a triangle. and the woolworth building, 60 stories high, tallest in the world. and look at that traffic on 5th avenue. kind of peaceful over on riverside drive. grant's tomb, always one of the favorite sights to see. some play in central park.
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there's no place like it for a leisurely stroll or a boat ride on the lagoon. ♪ ♪ thrills and spills at coney island. ♪ ♪
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♪ they say some folks even get wet if the water's warm enough. and where do we go on vacation once a year? atlantic city, of course. no, that's not a real elephant. it's a hotel at the end of the boardwalk. look. they're waving out the elephant's eye. the atlantic southeast. and the hardy acrobats. most of the time you'll stroll along the boardwalk, or ride along in the rolling chairs.
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every city has a pretty park. this is bell isle near detroit. with lagoons for a quiet afternoon ride in a canoe. if you don't mind the crowds. some like to dance while others gather around the piano. and in the winter, the adventurists will ice skate. but the really daring, there's nothing like the thrill of an ice boat on a clear cold day. or the fast track on a toboggan slide. and there's plenty of speed in
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an auto race. once they get warm. buffalo bill himself, bringing up in the 71st year and straight as an arrow. he's out on tour with the circus again. bucking bronco. the opening of baseball season and time to throw out the first ball. snapshots of other people we know. john burrows, the naturalist, waves to admirers. luther burbank, an expert in
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horticulture. in his experiments, he's removed the spines from the cactus. says it's good to eat, too. we'll take his world for it. thomas edison in san francisco in 1915. he's out for a drive with his wife and mr. and mrs. harvey firestone. joseph g. gannon. former speaker of the house of representatives. >> will rodgers, america's favorite humorist. out west, a few hearty souls visit glacier national park. he goes for a climb. a little short on equipment. but strong in spirit.
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♪ the view is worth the effort, so they say. uh-oh, there goes dad. it's not all play. there's still work to be done and no end it seems to our natural resources. the cameraman can't resist his little joke. you see a lot of women in the factories now. these girls are making footballs.
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and these are making hats. there is a difference. down at the post office, they're teaching the girls to sort the mail. one thing he learn in a hurry, don't pick up too many at once. too bad. here's a clean place for women to work and steady, too. ♪ some men change their collars twice a week. machines do more and more hard work these days. for instance, this is how they assemble the spokes to make the
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wheels for the model t fords in michigan. ♪ ♪ >> the eight-hour work day ends and the men go home. mostly by trolley, not many can afford to buy a car of their own yet. these men went home long ago. when the war between the states ended. but the hardy survivors both new and gray, still meet once again
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every year for an old acquaintance. they're camped in mississippi. what memories they must make. they have fought their war. while these raw recruits at camp custer michigan are being trained to fight another war. the call goes out and youth responds, enthusiastically. >> he doesn't know what lies ahead of him. just a year ago, we erect eed
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woodrow wilson as president. we're confident he'll lead us to victory. the mood of the nation changes. we talk about liberty loans and liberty cabbage. food will win the war. and uncle sam needs you. old heroes are popular again. here's theodore roosevelt surrounded by crowds wherever he goes. everything's just bully. and there's a parade in every city in town. ♪ ♪
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the training is deadly serious now. and we're learning to pronounce names of places we've never heard before. the argon, bella woods and chatto tierry. our factories convert to productions. engines and irons. these are the famous liberty engines. she's doing her bit. here's a certificate for buying $500 worth of liberty bonds. henry ford receives a navy contract to build eagle boats. there he is in washington with the secretary of the navy. using the technique of the automobile assembly line, the hulls of eagle boats are riveted together at ford's new river
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rose plant. ♪ the launching of an eagle boat. sleek and fast, built for anti-submarine warfare. at highland park, ford experiments with a small tank powered by two model t engines. a can it cross the trenches? not every time. well, back to the drawing board. ♪ the city of detroit turns out to stay good-bye and good luck to those who go to fight far. ♪
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♪ ♪ they don't give up on the small tank. maybe those skids in back will help. going great. too bad. big brother shows how it should be done.
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♪ at highland park, the men turn out for a patriotic parade and rally. ♪ another new weapon in this war. not very effective, but there's glory for the men who find it. this is the first model of the martin bomber.
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eddie rickenbacker america's flying ace comes home to encourage more plane production. here's how they manufacture curtis h-type flying boats. a liberty engine. the faces of america at war. these are men working in the shipyard at hog island. the red cross girl, a familiar and friendly sight. captain kill, he's worked at the bureau of engraving in washington since 1864. barracks life in an army camp. more and more troop trains head
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for points of embarkation. the last cup of coffee before we shove off. ♪ a sobering moment. but we won't come back until it's over, over there. meanwhile, back at the tank test, there goes another one. but soon the bugs are all ironed out and the government places an order for 15,000 tanks. lord northcliff in detroit sent by king george to arrange for a shipment of tankers in england.
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he tries a newed forson powered by henry ford. parades and more parades to keep the home fires burning. now is the time to buy liberty bonds so we can finish the job we've started. keep buying them, mister. and then it's over, and the world is safe for democracy. one more parade in washington.
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there's president harding and general blackjack persian. they are marching to arlington cemetery to bury the unknown soldier. lots of changes around the country now. seems like everyone is on the move. but we've got to do something about those roads. ♪ it takes forever to cross a river this way.
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we begin to build new roads as fast as we can. mighty smooth riding now. there's one car that takes you anywhere you want to go. the model t. strong, sturdy with a will of its own.
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here's how they put them together at the highland park plant. a car comes off the end of the line every ten seconds. dealers sell them in just about every town in the land.
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there's no end to what you can do when you own a car. no longer locked on the land, the farmer's wife can get away from the farm and take the baby down the road for a visit. trucks take over the job of moving produce to market. ♪ the sunday afternoon drive becomes a national habit.
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this is the columbia river highway out in oregon, built in 1917. magnificent sites to see in america and a car is the way to get there. watch. that bear is hungry. for a real vacation, nothing beats a camping trip. picnics in the park. or alongside the lake.
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you can even sleep in a car if you want. henry ford and his friends go camping in style. president harding arrives to pay a sunday visit while they're in the great smokey mountains. here he is with harvey firestone. ford chops wood for exercise. while thomas edison takes a snooze. firestone offers some friendly advice.
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the president takes a turn with the ax. ford, edison and the president read the papers. one way to keep him down on the farm, buy a tractor. they are selling more every year. modern equipment speeds up the work. makes it easier and more efficient, too. now electricity does the chores for the farmer's wife.
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♪ and running water wherever you want it. no more trips to the pump. and no more churning for grandmother. there's a growing problem in the cities. what to do about all the traffic. sometimes it seems to go like this. ♪ and there's a parking problem, even in small towns. the policeman has a new responsibility, directing traffic.
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♪ steps are taken to drama ties the need for safer driving. special motion pictures show what can happen when we're not alert.
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the age of the automobile changes nearly every aspect of american life. the tempo quickens in city and country. no longer a luxury. almost everyone can afford to own a car. and sometimes it seems that we're all on the road at the same time. we're a nation on wheels. and soon to take to the air as a slim young man in a silver plane opens up new horizons. here he is. charles a. lindbergh landing at the ford airport.
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another pioneer gives us the courage to try something new. in no time at all, there are scheduled flights to anywhere you want to go. the dimensions of time and space are further diminished. a new age begins and we move forward with it. yet as we go, we preserve the past to mirror the accomplishments of those who have shown us the way to the future.
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historians and law professors recently gathered at the university of baltimore law school to discuss mick caouette's film, "mr. civil rights -- thurgood marshall and the naacp." they explored marshall's early law career, as well as his work in the south to expand voting rights for african-americans. we'll also hear about his arguments before the u.s. supreme court and how he became the first african-american appointed to the highest court in the land. this program lasts about 50 minutes. let me introduce our panelists. you've already met to my far left, mick caouette, the producers of "mr. civil rights." distinguished producer of documentary films. we're going to hear from mick about what led him to make this film. to my immediate left, professor
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kimberly crenshaw is a distinguished professor of law both at ucla and columbia university. professor crenshaw teaches civil rights and other courses in critical race studies and constitutional law. she's been a leader in the critical race theory movement. and in fact, founded a think tank devoted to the study of issues of race and gender entitled the african-american policy forum. she's published extensively in this area. she's a graduate of cornell and harvard law school and has a masters degree from the university of wisconsin. to my immediate right, larry gibson is a distinguished professor at the university of maryland school of law. professor gibson is the author of a book that i hope many of you have purchased and will read, and it's called "young thurgood." a wonderful biography of justice marshall's years growing up here in baltimore and beginning to practice law here. professor gibson himself grew up
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in baltimore, attended howard university as an under graduate, then earned his law degree from columbia. the first african-american law professor at the university of virginia before accepting a faculty position here in maryland. he's been engaged in many civic activities in maryland and served for a time in the u.s. justice department as associate deputy attorney general and director of the national economic crimes project. to my far right is my colleague here at the university of baltimore school of law, jose anderson. jose is one of our finest professors. has taught here since 1989. teaches criminal law, criminal procedure and trial practice. before joining the faculty, jose practiced law here in baltimore, served for nine years in the maryland public defenders office, supervised the appellate division there. he represented clients in major death penalty cases, criminal

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