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tv   Aviation and Space Exploration  CSPAN  December 27, 2014 11:48am-12:00pm EST

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of go inside the classroom professor jonathan sarna, to learn about henry ford's publications on jews. he describes anti-jewish articles published in the supported by the carmaker. 8:00 pm and ght at midnight eastern time here on c-span3. watching "american history tv". 48 hours of programming on american history every weekend on c-span3. follow us on twitter for our schedule, upcoming programs, and to keep up with the latest history news. c-span is touring cities across the country, exploring american history. look at our recent visit to lafayette and west lafayette, indiana. watching "american history tv". all weekend, every weekend, on c-span3.
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nine, eight, seven, six, five, four -- we have the main engine start. >> go! all engines, go. go. at the flight simulator building here at purdue university. and this is where a lot of things started in aviation. the purdue program was the to offer the country bachelor's degrees two pilots in the mid-1960's. today, it continues to be one of the best, most finest flight programs in the country. we have so many people who have been so important. can tell you that, going back
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beginning, some of the countries most important figures -- billy mitchell, who of world war i commander air forces -- they were both trained to fly by purdue graduates. got involved in flight from purdue was a guy named clifford. he graduated in 1908. his father sent him here from dayton, ohio. he paid out-of-state tuition son to come here and learn about internal combustion engines. great research going out. by the time he left, they said more about the engines. go back was for him to to dayton with his father, and they were going to build motorcycles. and they did. records in the
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smithsonian in washington dc. he says, in the evening near my to take long walks after dinner. i used to go past the workshop or the wright brothers were working, and i got to know them and everything. i don't believe a word of that. she, at that time, was a 22-year-old guy. he loved internal combustion engines. he loved the noise. he loved to make engine smaller and more powerful. knew the right brothers, in 1908, were working on airplanes. he made a beeline for the workshop. when they found out he was a purdue engineer, they hired him. . because they needed his technical experience so, cliff helped improve the engines and improve their controls. then, guess what' wasn't satisfied with that. he wanted to fly. he had to go to his father and
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say, dad, you know the money you invested in my purdue education so i could build motorcycles with you? well, i'm going to fly airplanes with these guys down the block. and his dad said, okay, i guess i'll do the same thing. a short time later, the motorcycle company was one of t, and cliff was the most famous people in the country. they were a big deal. they demonstrated flight to 200,000 people in chicago or at a county fair. them up and trains, and took them out and showed people what they can do. no one would believe it until they saw themselves. every article i read about for the eeing flight first time say that, when the plane left the ground, there was absolute silence. then an absolute roar came up as they realize what they were seeing for the first time. when he got out of flight, he
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had a terrible accident in seattle. his airplane ended up going up into the crowd. people were killed. he was injured. that was about 1950. onto an ever got airplane again. from there, we can go on and talk about george haskins. george was a world war i pilot. continued in the air force after world war i. an airplane out of the campus, landed it right here at purdue. and he came waving a petition. it was at the board of trustees meeting. start an e should aeronautical program here at purdue. couple years, they did start in aeronautical gineering program as part of mechanical engineering. mechanical engineering has been of so many fields of engineering.
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it was one of a handful of aeronautical engineering ograms. george haskins eventually left force, kim to redo, and -- came p that program to purdue, and headed up that program, which was floundering. all the records say that he ght to rks day and ni build that program into one of the greatest programs in the country. when world war ii started, he was taken back to the military. but he had built something special here. war ii, rld aeronautical engineering was al arated from mechanic engineering, and became its own program, its own school. it is now one of the best in the country. george haskins lived a long life. ly, in 1969, he was in his home, retired, in pasadena, california. and he watched this man, who before n in 1890's -- flight happened -- was a world pilot -- watched a man
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the moon, neil armstrong, who had been through the program he created here at purdue. >> i'm going to step off the aircraft. >> that is one small step for man. one giant leap for mankind. >> some people, like billy mitchell, and george haskins, realize the importance that air travel is going to play. airfare, but in transportation in this country. -- 4, a purdue graduate frederick martin -- was the most experienced pilot in the army air force. she headed up a group -- he headed up a group of four planes. the plan was to fly around the world. they were going to stop every night. they would fly so far, and they were stopped. go through ble to
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land areas, over oceans, and to various points. it ended up taking them over 140 days to do this. the whole trip was planned and organized by frederick martin. was lost in a he huge blizzard in alaska. and was not able to finish the trip. in a way, he lost his place in aviation history. but he didn't. december 7, 1941. in charge of all airfields in hawaii? frederick martin. and his s out that he counterpart, belanger, had report predicting the attack of the japanese on pearl harbor to the letter. the time it occurred, the day week it would occur. read before the war and -- in 1947, --
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1937, a man comes here from delaware. he wants to be a pilot. he doesn't finish at purdue, he finishes in the army. december 7, 1941, he is in hawaii. his plane is out at a royal airfield. frankly, he was out all night. all night playing poker -- out all night playing poker. just as the attacks started, he got into a car, and raced out to his airplane -- which was portrayed in the movie "pearl harbor". >> they look like jets. >> i didn't even know the jets -- >> get me to my god damn airplane. >> and he got up, and he was to shoot down four japanese airplanes that day.
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he became quite the hero. 1903; t from december 17, july 20, 1969. less hawk to the moon and than 60 years. we have gone back and forth but through his first, purdue and mit have just held this among public universities for quite a while. many of our estimates were aro -- astronauts were rotc. when he came here, he was already a pilot. he learned to fly at 16 years old. but if they didn't learn to fly flew into this airport from their homes and business trips they had. our estimates come back frequently. neil armstrong was very, very
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close to purdue. they come here, they go through these facilities, they talk to the students. they are pilots. before they were spacemen, they were pilots. they love airplanes and they love to fly. now, what are we doing? we are landing crafts on mars. by the way, student temperatures are very much involved. >> find out where c-span's local content vehicles are going next. you are watching "american history tv". all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> sunday at 6:30 pm eastern runway cohost hosts a discussion of holidays at the white house. guests include former white house chief usher, gary -- that is at

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