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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  February 6, 2016 1:48pm-2:01pm EST

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and math through andrews of the university of north carolina chapel hill talks about how racial tensions of the 1980's were reflected in sports. >> rocky is a heavy underdog in the first found and loses in the first found and loses in a split decision to apollo creed. no one thinks he would do well and he does remarkably well, but he does not win. down toy two, he knocks apollo creed in the most remarkable boxing scene ever. rocky wins. these are both popular movies in 1976 and 1979, but these are much more than sports movies. these are movies about race in american history. >> at 10:45, brooklyn law school professors talks about his book invented by law, arguing that alexander graham bell is the literary remembered -- solely remembered by the invention of the telephone.
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sunday morning at 10:00 on the road to the white house rewind, with the upcoming first in the nation and after primary, we look right the 1992 presidential campaign and arkansas governor, democrat bill clinton said -- finishes place. >> the evening is young and we do not know yet what the final tally will be. i think we know enough to say with some certainty that new hampshire tonight is made bill clinton the comeback kid. both will also feature democratic and republican ads that aired in the granite state including george h.w. bush and bill clinton. university of washington history professor margaret talks about her book and argues that the 20th century was shaped by four elections that occurred during economic and cultural change. starting with the election of 1912.
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for the complete american history tv we can schedule, go to historyeekend, american tv is featuring santa barbara, california. california is located on the central coast. staff visitedur many sites. learn more about santa barbara all weekend on american history tv. >> we have here in the santa barbara area, the oldest dated human skeletal remains in north america. bones of this ancient individual date back 13,000 years were found on an island off of our coast, santa rosa island. curator at the museum and archaeologist found a human
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femur buried 37 feet below the ground surface at the side wall of arlington canyon on santa rosa island at a place called arlington springs. we have now done modern radiocarbon dating of bone is ain indicating that it little over 13,000 years old. the oldest dated skeletal remains in america. some people asked the question, why do you have native american culture in a natural history museum? important tos include people as part of nature . people have been living here before the coming of europeans, making use of the natural environment. they used it for the sustenance and making all of their tools
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and dwellings. as well.o study that how did people for thousands of years make use of the natural environment. because where located in this part of california, we are specialized in studying chumash indians and chumash prehistory. in our chumash hall, we show the change of cultures through time because culture is not static, it is always changing. we show how culture changes through time to do different artifacts and characteristics of different time periods and we talk about what was chumash culture like at the time europeans first arrived. when the spanish explorers first arrived in california and met chumash indians, they found a thriving population with the largest town being permanently inhabited on the coast.
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because the people were living a great deal off of green resources like fishing off the coast. in fact, this is the highest population density reached by any average indian group in california. it was any santa barbara channel. if you look at north america had ally, california also higher population density compared to elsewhere in north america. what is so interesting is that these people lived entirely on hunting and gathering force assistance. they did not practice agriculture in the about -- native california. the name chumash is the name people had for the island and ad moneymakers. the only place in north america money, the became
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only place where true money existed other than mexico was here in california. mint forevent -- making bead money was the chumash. it was measured in a standardized way by how many could gotrand of beads around the palm of your hand. they counted out and used beads the same way we use money. it is the only place in north america where money -- were true money existed. the shell beads were made from -- aloe verashell shell. it was a household industry on the channel islands, producing beads that will be strong and
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long bands and used as a form of money to the people on the mainland. any santa barbara region, used by the chumash indians and their neighbors, it is the only place on the pacific coast of north america where boats were built entirely from planks of what appeared they would take driftwood that came ashore, pine logs or redwood that would flow down from northern california and they took these planes avoids and shape them into boards and drove them all the edges and sold them together -- sewed them together. these boats are used to go out fishing, very important for supporting the people.
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for trade between people on the coast and the channel island. chumash indians were hunters and and they had finely woven borders. have in ourwe collection at the museum is south ofa native women santa barbara. she copied designs of spanish coins into her basket. her artistry was so appreciated by the spanish governor of california, they had her weave a dedication into the basket and he gave it as a gift to a friend
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of his who was a general mexico. that basket has since been acquired by our museum in the 1920's and is now on exhibit in our home. -- hall. the missions had two major impacts on chumash society. one was the fact that they brought grazing animals with them. as the herds of grade animals -- e animalsimals -- graz grew, they ate these plans that chumash indians relied on. the grazing animals ate those and it caused a problem. if you are not practicing agriculture, where are you going to go?
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that was one of the major impacts. it was an environmental change that came with the coming of the missions. the second thing is that they introduced diseases that arrived with your opinions -- your opinions. -- europeans. you had a high mortality from cholera,diphtheria, and other illnesses that came with the european culture. there was a high mortality in at ,he end of the mission period only 10% of the people who have been there 70 years earlier. having these artifacts on exhibit helps to educate people about the rich culture heritage of the native people of this area, the chumash indians and
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give them appreciation of their culture. a message comes from this is how these people interacted with their environment. they did not impact the environment the way we are impacting it today, the population density was much more than we have today. one of the messages i think we want to tell at the museum is that we need to preserve this natural world and there are many useful things about it and it is important to our quality of life that we need to think about, where is our place in the long period of time that humans have been here. are we going to candidate -- continue to leave a legacy that we will be proud of in the future?
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>> our city staff recently traveled to santa barbara, california to learn about its history. you are watching "american history tv." all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> this year marks the 130th annual meeting of the historical association. a panel of historians and theterrorism conflict of terrorism throughout history. the scholars are all contributors. program is about two hours. >>


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