tv American History TV in Denver CO CSPAN September 4, 2016 2:00pm-3:33pm EDT
hear lectures by top history professors, american artifacts take a look at treasures at historic sites, museums, and archives. real america, revealing the 20th century through archival newsreels. and the presidency focuses on denver is a city that was originally a silver and gold room and bust city, and then it became a bust city. years, it is a city on the rise. it has the tech her, and other industries as well. an announcer: this weekend, the
city tours takes you to denver. we will visit historic sites in colorado's capital. >> people drive past the denver mint all the time. it is right on a major thoroughfare, but people don't know very much about its history. it has a fascinating history, and it was a story that needed to be told. capitol,lorado state like any capital, serves as the heart of its community. it is where history is reserved. there are murals, paintings, stained glass windows that celebrate and educate the people anybody whoand comes to see the state. announcer: john murray talks about denver today and shows us some of the historic neighborhoods. >> this is downtown denver, colorado's capital city. lived downtown for
over a decade. the city has changed. .t is a city on the move >> this is john murray, the city hall reporter for the denver post. while we were in town on our c-span cities to her, he took a ride along in our vehicle -- cities tour, he took a ride along in our vehicle. >> give me a sense of the city. denver is a city that was a rigidly a silver and gold, boom and bust -- originally a silver and gold, boom and bust city. in recent years, it has been a western city on the rise. it has a tech sector. growth has been the biggest dynamic here for the last 30 years or so. >> what is denver's economic makeup?
john: denver is going through a lot of economic change because the cap is widening so quickly. affordability is an issue here. people who make good salaries live comfortably. people who are middle-class and below are struggling to keep up with property taxes or rent. that is pricing some people out of the city. teachers,c is that firefighters, middle-class employees are finding it harder to stay in denver. it's much more expensive. denver has added 80,000 people in five years. it is growing very quickly. people here?inging >> the strong economy, the quality of life. keep going straight. you will meet so many people here who have moved here in the last few years. >> tell me about the neighborhood we are about to head into.
john: you are about to meet the part of denver that has changed the most in the last few years. the riverfront area and union station, and downtown. union station just reopened a couple of years ago after a $500 million renovation. it has a new transit center, new bus center, rail lines going in. some will be opening in the next couple of years. been a number of buildings going around. >> what was it like previously? >> 25 years ago, 30 years ago, this whole area was a big railyard.
it is now fashionable neighborhoods. >> who lives here? it is not all millennials, it is millennials with college educations and good paying jobs. it is a pricey neighborhood. and then you get to empty-nesters and people of retirement age. it is mostly apartments, but there are some condos. is that changing the look of denver? it is a beautiful city. the rocky mountains backdrop. see warehouses over here, but i see new construction. making central denver into a much different place. light rail lines, heavy rail lines, a train to the airport that starts right over here.
that just opened in the last couple of months. all of these changes are giving denver a more urban character and more urban feel. we are still a city in transition. >> what is the downside of living in denver? renting anre apartment, you don't know how much rent is going to be going up. digits went up by double percentage wise last year. that is hard to deal with when your salary is not going up that much. >> the cost of living is rising but what you are making is not. >> right. it's like the rest of the country. denver is a diversifying city. it has always had diversity. there are some african-american neighborhoods and strongholds, one of which we will be going
to. most of the ethnic diversity though has been hispanics. we have a large latino population. is that some of these newer neighborhoods that are overpriced are also mostly white. >> i have to say, it is a beautiful city, but i have seen a lot of homeless. what is the solution to that? it is kind of similar to the homeless dynamic you see in portland or austin. denver is known as a cold city, it is not east coast cold. it's pretty temperate. just as we are a draw for millennials and people on the higher economic demographics of society, it is also a draw for ,omeless and, quite honestly
there are people who move here and don't realize how expensive it is and get forced out onto the streets. have the issue of younger people who are homeless because they might have greg issues. they might be drawn here by the legal marijuana. issues.might have drug they might be drawn here by legal marijuana. the city is still working on trying to solve some of those issues, but we haven't gotten very far. historicallys african-american neighborhood. when the rest of the city wasn't so welcoming to african-americans, it was formed. it has jazz clubs and social clubs. black has large
communities as a lot of big cities do. it was a very close-knit community and still is in many respects. >> what are some of the that old from neighborhood? >> quite a few people have lived here their entire lives, but it is a rapidly changing neighborhood. you will see some construction. is in five points now? >> this is an historic .ntersection there is washington. there is welton. , but alsousinesses some new restaurants, some like, hipster joints, and a lot of white people live in this neighborhood now. there are african-american people who move here worth their latino-- with their
spouses. that does diversify it, but it is mostly white people moving in. >> if you were to have come to five points 20, 30, 40 years ago, what would you have seen? >> i think you would have seen a much moreod that was african-american, much more culturally proud. it is still culturally proud, in the 1960's and 1970's, it was a city that was -- a neighborhood that was struggling a lot compared to the rest of denver economically. >> tell me about that struggle. and 1980's,70's denver was part of the oil boom and bust cycle. the economy hit the floor, and so you had a downtown that was parking lot than an
office park. it was a less urban downtown or central denver area. that all has changed. so, you are on the government beat. what are some of the shifts you have seen? >> on the city council, we had elections last year, and we had a lot of turnover because there are term limits here. one thing you did see was a lot of younger councilmembers. and 40's,n their 30's whereas it used to be, as in any urban city council, it tends to be older folks, retirees. now you have younger folks representing a little bit more of the millennial residents and their points of view. some are on the preservationist
bandwagon, but some are more in favor of the marijuana industry. there are concerns and they try to balance those concerns. i think you see a loosening on the city council of attitudes. so, we went under i 70. is there a distinction that we are in a different neighborhood? >> yes, this is a hilarious once this is a neighborhood south of the highway. urbankind of a classic story. it was a very proud, working-class neighborhood, and then the federal government built a highway through it and toward a part and it has not recovered since. is still an area of high home ownership. it has a fairly large latino
population, spanish-speaking population. on the left, you have the show.al western gun show big state fair. you have a rodeo. people come from all over the country. there are all kinds of competitions. >> so in this pretty urban area, you're going to bring your --tle >> the stock show draws tons of people. >> it's kind of a weird dynamic. >> here you have a marijuana production facility. because of zoning requirements, they are in industrial neighborhoods. industrialarea where
and residential mix and that has been a problem. there has been a push back because industrial is taking over all of these spaces. there is a concern about neighborhood growth in the future. >> i am sure people in colorado get sick of being known for, hey, that's the place where marijuana is legal, but it is kind of fascinating, coming from there is some legality, but when you drive through denver, there are dispensary signs everywhere. it's like an apple store. >> there are more dispensaries than starbucks and mcdonald's combined. , this building is a production house for marijuana. will turn left.
this was the first victim of neighborhood push back. came up for renewal in thelast couple of months, city agreed that it was a bad influence on the area. so, they are going to lose their , and this is the first time the city has denied the renewal of a license. there has been some pushback. also, you are supposed to only use it privately. you cannot use it in public. violate that law.
then there is a question about whether people should be allowed to vape or use edibles. and then people are applying for permits for bars to pick consumption areas within their buildings. >> so it will be like the old days when you went into a restaurant and had a smoking or non-smoking section. so, we have been to three .ifferent neighborhoods what is next for denver? where do you see your city? >> denver has become a bigger, more vibrant city. a lot of people are moving here.
in a lot of ways, it is a success story, but it has a lot of challenge. the next decade will determine whether it becomes a city of economic equality or a city with a widening gap between the rich and the poor. denver doesn't want to become san francisco. it would love to have san francisco's vibrancy, but it doesn't want the issues that exist economically there. it is a problem that a lot of cities are facing, but i think denver is hoping to put a stamp on these issues and solve them more than other cities have. ,nnouncer: all weekend american history tv is featuring colorado. ender is a distribution hub for many products, including beer --
denver is a distribution hub for many products, including beer. learn more about denver all weekend on american history tv. >> people in denver drive past the denver mint all the time. it is right in downtown denver. it is on a major thoroughfare, but people don't know much about and it's a story that needs to be told. in 1859, denver was founded. it was a wild west town. a tense city with lots of saloons and bordellos. frominers would come down the mountains with bags of gold and and go into the saloon, in the saloon, the bartenders
would reach into the gold dust bags and take out a fistful of gold to pay for the whiskey. so obviously, having fat fingers was a major requirement for a bartender. but a city cannot really survive on a bag of gold dust economy, so denver needed a mint. the mint provided reliable measures of gold for commerce and shipping. we are in front of the denver mint. 1904.was built in , and itbegan in 1906 has been the pride and joy of denver ever since. denver itself had gotten rich from mining, and it the queen citye of the planes, the center of
commerce, the leader in the western united states. fathers at that point decided that a mint they could be proud of was going to be proud of that process -- part of that process. sover was the wild west, bankse industry, private stepped into field -- fill that void. came in and set up a private mint. the federal government did not appreciate private bankers minting coins, but it was not illegal, so they could not do anything about it. bought the mint in 1882 and begin manufacturing gold bars at the first denver mint facility.
congress passed an act to form a mint at denver, and that language would become very important years later. on aint was modeled florentine villa created for the med achieve family in europe -- in italy.mily the grantor was expensive even in its day. having such a beautiful grand facility that was all so a u.s. mint put denver on the map. the denver mint has been robbed twice. the first time was an inside job. orval harrington worked in the mint for many years. he was a trusted worker. he had been working at
the mint for many years, handling gold every single day, but he knew he would never make more than four dollars a month, and it frustrated him. to steal one gold mint, and hem the was going to do it between iods so that no one would really be aware of the embezzlement. to dispose of the gold, he a gold planeasing in colorado, melting it down -- in colorado, melting it down, and claiming he had minded himself. itwas an ingenious plan and might have worked. but he stole too many bars. day, a coworker noticed him
behaving suspiciously and alerted the authorities, in this local sheriff, and they confronted him, and he confessed he had a gold bar on him. he spent years in leavenworth, kansas, in the prison there. in the 1930's, the federal government decided to move the stored in san francisco to denver. they did it for a couple of reasons. probably first and foremost was the fact that they wanted to put a thousand miles of desert terrain between our gold reserves and the coast. while fort knox was under construction, virtually all of gold reserve's
restored at the denver mint. there has never been a greater amount of gold in the history of the planet then there was in denver during the great depression. during world war ii, the denver mint went to war just like every other factory in the country. the men who had been operating the factories went on to war and women filled their places. this was considered man's work. but women excelled at it. production oft coins actually rose during world war ii, and of course, after world war ii, the men came home and came back to their jobs at the denver mint, and the women went home. over the years, there have been several superintendence of the denver mint who were women.
were not working on the manufacturing floor, they were running the place. in the 1960's, the federal government decided they needed a new mint facility and they wanted to move the denver mint away from downtown denver. you can imagine the congressman from all over the country were clamoring to get the mint in their district. there was a movement to take the mint out of there. denver leaders wanted to keep the mint, so they played the rd, thesional bill ca bill that called for a mint at denver. a huge fight in rep did as denver's leaders try to keep the mint right here in -- fight upted as denver's leaders
tried to keep the mint right here in denver, and ultimately, congress decided it did not need a new mint facility, but that the mint could be upgraded and stay right here in denver. our comcast cable partners work with c-span cities and staff when we travel to a explore its history. a group of prospectors turned denver into a gold mining town. learn more about denver all weekend on american history tv. >> i think what is so unique and interesting about this refuge is that most of it is tallgrass
prairie. 600 species of plants. this is unique to north america colorado. has of the front range experienced this at some level. to have eight tall grass prairie is pretty amazing. we are really looking forward to it.ing people learn about it really is a story of transformation, how this land .as been used in some anyways -- in so many ways. i think this is an amazing opportunity to help people learn what our conservation future is. we do have porcupines at here.
areink a lot of people surprised to learn the porcupines live on the prairie. elklso have mildew your and l deer.and milde common.are occasionally, there is a bear. the connectivity of this open helps some of those larger animals, especially elk, because they do move from the summer to winter range. in the distance, you can see lindsay ranch. the house was constructed in 1949. weically, the site history, thisnative americans use
up until the property was taken over in 1951. we can go out and just look at the edge of the property where the department of energy still retains that interior core where the plant used to be. the rocky flats plant was in operation from 1952-1992. it was a plutonium trigger .roduction site this was one piece of the nuclear weapon production. pieces were shipped for assembly and the final product was at the other site. it was one of 13 sites across armsountry supporting the
race, so was a national security priority to build these over time there were roughly 800 buildings on the site. most of the activity was in the , andal part of the refuge - by theow maintained department of energy. missile technology at that time was inadequate. reach land. national security was the reason this site was selected. -- it was avery national security issue. people were concerned about safety and our countries --
country's protection and security. there was a larger movement in the 1970's and 1980's, there was environmental interest and concern about what these materials -- plutonium has a very long life span, so there lot of concern in the community about proper disposal of whatever materials were used weapons.tion of these there was an fbi raid of the plant based on concerns of the health and safety of workers as well as contamination. production ceased at that time. in 1982, i believe that was the final year of production. a larget point on, effort was directed at cleanup of the site. the cleanup was an extensive with a lot of people,
very organized and systematic. it was -- the buildings were taken down. the materials were transported off-site. allard, senator wayne and senator mark udall of creatinghe idea a reserve out here. in 2000, they continued that effort. in 2001, they drafted and finalized the rocky flats act. fish and wildlife began to manage this as a national refuge. the department of energy still maintains roughly 1300 acres of the site, and they have ongoing monitoring of the site.
i think that's one of the great stories of this particular site is that this is a former production site that is now a .ational wildlife refuge it is truly a story of transformation and i think the amazing diversity of how the land can recover after there has been a disturbance. landscape and vegetation continue to evolve. >> c-span is in denver, colorado, learning more about the city's rich history. built onhigh city was the boom and bust of the gold and silver industries. oflearn more about the crash 1893. >> in 1859, in denver, gold was first discovered. silver mining really hit its payday in the 1880's, late
1870's, and really the 1880's -- with thever sherman silver act. that ensure the federal government would purchase a large quantity of silver at a fixed price. president grover cleveland repeal the silver inrman act, which he did 1883, and the price of silver immediately plummeted. people lost their fortunes overnight. a perfect illustration of riches to rags and the silver boom and bust. is aabor family multifaceted story.
horace tabor was born in vermont. he married his first wife, augusta, who was also from new england. they married and briefly tried farming in kansas, then came to colorado for the gold rush in 1859. they eventually settled in the leadville area, where they ran a store. did washe things horace give the mining prospector's goods. they did not have to pay him. paid him in shares. that gave him additional resources to invest in other mining resources, which he did. he became very wealthy.
in some circles he was known as the silver king of colorado. in our collection, we have the documents that created the company and really floated $10 in the worth of stock company. we also have one of the -- a number, but this is one of the 5830 dividend checks for three dollars, which in today's money would be about $110,000 -- $5833, which in today's
money would be about 110,000 dollars. at some point, horace had met a very beautiful young woman. her name is elizabeth. sometimes she was called lizzie. and she became his mistress. , they married in a formal ceremony in washington, d.c. was appointed to fill an unexpired term of the u.s. senator. the oneried during month when he was senator horace tabor. it was a very lavish wedding, lots of politicians came. hundreds of dollars were spent on flowers. her wedding dress cost about $7,000, said they were making the most of the mining resources and the wealth it provided them. horace, before he formally ad invested in the
infrastructure of denver. he built an opera house in leadville and he built an opera house in denver. built a commercial building that was five stories tall. in the early 1880's, that was a big deal. it was a huge, beautiful building. with the opera house, he said it was his gift to the citizens of denver. to me, this is one of the items that really reflects the lavishness of the time. in return, the citizens of denver presented him with a ob.ch fil now, whether it is functional, i don't know, but it is heavy and large. it reflects his life. images of thed store he and a gust operated in
leadville, of the tabor block, in buildings he built downtown denver, and the tabor grand opera house. his wife lived a lavish lifestyle for 10 years until the silver crash. they had a beautiful home in denver. they had two daughters, lily, silver dollar and , whose full name was rosemary echo silver dollar tabor. and overnight, when the crash hit, they lost their wealth and eventually all of the findings had to go, they're beautiful .ome, their furniture horace, it really broke his health. he went back to physically
working, hauling slag and some of the mines. much, much older than baby doe when they married. she was about half his age. he was appointed postmaster of of hisin the last year life courtesy of some kind friends who wrangled that appointment for him, so the last year of his life was a little more comfortable. , a few yearsn 1899 after the silver crash. young woman, 40 four, still very beautiful. supposedly, he told her to hang ino one of the mines leadville because the price of silver would go up again and it might produce again. we don't know if that's really something he said or not, but she took those words to heart,
,nd she did hang on to the mine and she did move back to leadville. her two daughters went with her. before long, they went their separate ways. lily went to live with baby doe's family in wisconsin. silver dollar went to denver and then chicago, where she really seemed to struggle to find herself. she worked on the stage. she worked as a journalist. seems to years, she have taken to drink and lived under a variety of different names, probably with different men. suspiciousled in a accident where she seems to have .een scalded to death this was in the 1920's. wanted toever really recognize that silver dollar was lost and gone.
but baby doe lived in the at the the mine -- cabin matchless mine. here is a picture of her. a little there for over 30 years. she lived to be 80 years old. but most importantly, she hung diaries, andtings, family photographs. she kept things in trunks that she had put in storage in denver , and after she passed away, there was a group of citizens in denver who panned it together to purchase these items from the estate at auction and donate them to history colorado, so we are able to share aspects of the story. it has always fascinated me that ob, kept the watch f
because in her writing, she talks about not having enough --ey to buy wood or firewood buy food or firewood. she could've sold this. she could've sold some of these other items, and she chose to hang onto them to keep some of those other memories close. here on the steps of the colorado state capitol. it is here that c-span spoke to governor john hickenlooper about and his vision for its future. >> while in denver, we spoke with governor john hickenlooper at his office inside the capitol. >> why is colorado best-known? four of the top 10 ski resorts in the world are in colorado. life.e quality of >> who lives in colorado? the great one of
things about colorado. it's one of the fastest-growing states, tremendous migration, especially of millennials. lies of venues in denver than in austin now. a lot of great bands. one republic, the fray, they are all colorado bands. i think what has happened is we have become this younger population with all these people moving here. coloradan is someone who, if they are not young, is young at heart. recreation.r there are a lot of entrepreneurs and people starting businesses here. but they come from everywhere, all flavors and all sizes. influx offeel the youth affects the political climate here? >> well, when you have that many
young people moving into your state, well, you legalize recreational marijuana, for one thing. millennials are moving here ,ecause you legalize marijuana people say. that's ridiculous. they moved here seven years before. they are a big reason it got legalized. they don't see a difference between beer and pot. people, fore young things that are conservative, there is more pushback. a positives influence. i am not sure the millennial pushes a was correct, but that youthful energy is good. >> in 2012, amendment 64 marijuanarecreational in colorado. you thought it was a bad idea. how have your opinions changed? >> when it first cap past, i mean, i opposed it and almost every elected -- when it first
ed, i opposed it, and almost every elected official opposed it because you don't want to be in conflict with federal law. even amsterdam never legalized marijuana. they just decriminalize did. there are concerns about edibles, people driving while high. i was more concerned about the unintended consequences. now, we're several years into it , and i am telling other governors, wait a year or two. let's see if there are things we are not seeing. we don't see a spike in usage. we don't see a huge number of people trying it out and on a regularuse it basis. we have band edibles that look come he bears are things like that.
but i think we have made -- no gummi bears or things like that. but i think we have made progress. we have some tax revenues. we have to make sure that marijuanarealize that can permanently reduce part of your long-term memory. >> you have a history of speaking for gun control measures. with a history of gun violence here in colorado, with all of the gun violence around the thetry, what do you think next step is? >> we have passed universal background checks and limited capacity magazines. it was like the sky was going to fall. people were apoplectic either in opposition or in support. you step back and look at the gun deaths in the united states.
challenge is to thirds of them are suicides. what we are focusing on now is to make sure that people who own , if they have a child or a family member going through a mental crisis of some sort, you have to lock your guns up. a layer teenager have access to firearms if they are having psychological -- don't let your teenager have access to firearms if they are having psychological issues. national allies for people focused on gun safety -- we are natural allies for people focused on gun safety, but two thirds of the gun deaths are suicides. let's push mental health. let's get a cross-section of allies and get the word out.
>> another issue in colorado is homelessness. you have been an advocate in the past for increased services for the homeless. what do you think of that issue now? >> we know the answer. year for a5,000 a chronically homeless individual to be living on the street. we know we can get them into housing and wraparound services for $18,000 a year. medications if they have mental health issues. town sling if they have addictions. but most importantly -- counseling if they have addictions. but most import and leah training. --need a social framework but most important is job training. we need a social framework to support them. that is where we have really dropped the ball. society and america, in the early 2000's, we were united. we were going to address
homelessness. now it has kind of slipped away. book called "the opposite of well," in which you talk about -- "the opposite of in which you talk about politics and business. you were a brewery owner. how has your life in business affected you now? it, you didn'th seal the places where -- i was a i got into thee brew pub business. i was a scientist. using facts to come to conclusions and then addressing those conclusions. he makes that in with the restaurant business. i learned -- you mix that in with the restaurant business. i learned customer service. i learned things about a small business mentality, what a small
business approach can bring to government. argueunny way, i would that having a scientific -- having spent time in science, geology, and then having spent business, the restaurant business, is perfect training for being a mayor or a governor. a lot of the executive decisions mayors have to make every day, hiring and firing, you should learn those, and a good way to learn them is to be in the private sector. lawmakers whony have influenced you? >> sure. roy romer when i was opening my ago, hent 25 years would go around and, again, i was opening my business. i didn't pay attention to politics. i was too busy. he would begin -- i remember, twice i saw him speak and he would say quality of life starts
with a good job. with me.always stuck our primary responsibility is public safety, making sure our neighborhoods and communities are safe, but quality of life starts with a good job. tremendousused intensity on job creation, ,elping get rid of red tape startups, businesses. ritter, a very good governor, and before him, billowing. i worked very well with him when i was mayor of denver. wen.ill o i worked very well with him when i was mayor of denver. he is not a politician in any sense of the word. he understands how people work. colorado great
politicians. bill armstrong just passed away. he was a great republican senator. colorado has had a rich history of political leadership. >> you are not from colorado originally, right? re?t keeps you hea >> the first time i came here with 1976. i was just out of college. i came out permanently in 1981, and i was going to be here just for a couple of years. like so many other people, once i got here -- and it's kind of like quality of life. denver, it almost never snows, but if you want to ski, it's an hour away. i remember telling my mother, you know, i don't think i'm going to move back. it's the people. there is something about having people from all over the country, all over the world, who
come to a place where there is a certain freedom. nobody cares who your grandparents were, how rich your dad was. they judge you on who you are, what your dreams are, and how successful you are in making them come true. a lot of elected officials become senators and end up living in washington. and then when they retire they live in new york. i am never going to live full time in new york. i can't imagine it. i have a house in parkhill in denver. scenarios see me growing old in colorado. >> is there an area of colorado history you find particularly interesting? >> there are so many interesting points of view. in 1940 when we began arresting and putting into prison u.s. citizens of japanese
descent. attacked pearl harbor on december 7, and all of car fog back and said we not going to do this. -- fought back and said we're not going to do this. it was an amazing lesson encourage. he was being talked about as a vice presidential nominee, but he wouldn't back off that. he lost reelection. there was a time at the turn-of-the-century when colorado really began to find itself. there were cities, railroads, industry. think of colorado is a place to be definedoing more by our future than our past, but we do have enough of a past, real history, where when we teach colorado history in our
elementary schools, kids get a sense of our values. >> we always ask this and it gets glossed over, but is there anything about being governor that you don't like? >> for those of us who have this genetic peculiarity where we do good and help other , being in an executive position like this, being governor, is about as good as it gets. when you go through a campaign , and your kidads comes home from school and they , not every minute of every day, but overall, i get to work with the smartest people, people who care about issues,
people who are passionate about what they believe in what they want done, and i think that's a gift. , youre, in a funny way level of joy is reflective of who you get to work with, and i get to work with amazing people. just going around the state and talking and working with business colorado. how does this compare to your role in previous jobs? job i've loved every had. i loved being mayor. denver has had probably stronger mayors than any other city in america. the mayor of denver makes the budget. they need nine out of 13 city council votes to change one line item. governor has a larger -- you look over a larger stretch of
land. instead of helping 70,000 kids, you're helping 950,000 kids. , i lovedurant business the energy and the team of people you work with. plus, i liked the money. my mom grew up in the depression. ioa saw -- i saw the importance of being financially secure. blessed that i could do so in a way, the restaurant business being so much fun. and the years i was a geologist, i spent two summers at yellowstone. i traveled the world, went to latin america. -- the what an amazing .pposite of woe is giddy up thick, cokeith
bottle glasses, i really kid. but even nerds, if you are willing to work hard enough, you can be engaged in the issues of our time. >> what is next for you and the state? >> i think colorado continues to be the model of what a state can be. so many younging people. we are going to be the healthiest state. we are right now in the top three or four for job creation, growing economy. we want to be number one. in every one of those issues. also want to have the number one education system. that we do not have. we are closer to the middle of the pack. i guess the upper half, top quartile maybe. but the next two and a half tors, i think we're going push that as hard as we can. after i finish those two
and a half years, i am not sure what i will do. or findart a business someone who need someone to help them run it. >> thank you so much. >> what a pleasure. >> this weekend, c-span is visiting denver to take a look at the city's the colorado state capital was built between 1886 and 1901. construction started 10 years after colorado joined the union. the capitol building took 15 years to build on a site that was donated by a local businessman named henry brown and he was not in all tourist. he donated 10 acres of land in the middle of his property so he would make a fortune selling the rest of it to people who wanted to build their houses near capital and it took almost 20 years to resolve who owned this
property in large part because the state didn't build on it for a long time. so he sued twice and it made it all the way to the u.s. capital building before two battles in the supreme court. the colorado state capitol stands at exactly one mile above sea level. denver is known as the mile high city and there are three mile high markers on the west steps. the original was on the 15th step and was a brass marker that was the ultimate souvenir of denver. in 1947, they just carved one mile above sea level. in that you 69, a group of students from colorado
university remeasured and said we were off by three steps. there is a brass plug on the 18th step that declares one mile above sea level and in 2003, we got our third mile high marker because the federal government redefined sea level and how we judge altitude in the united states. all of that aside, the mile marker actually dropped and now it is on the 13th step. there is a little brass plug installed but governor below in 2003. -- by governor bill owens in 2003. we are on the second floor of the colorado state capitol. this is the legislative state floor and the house and senate chambers were the 100 members of the assembly me from early january to early may.
the capital was scheduled to be built out of as many native materials in colorado as possible. most of the stone from the capital came from local quarries but decorative materials came from other states, including white oak. all of the door frames, window frames are made out of that. the brass came from foundries in cincinnati, ohio. the capital building has over 33 sting glass windows and represent various figures in colorado history, historical individuals. men and women from many different ethnic groups as well. the window behind me honors emily griffith, a schoolteacher in denver in the early 1900s and she founded in 1916 the emily griffith opportunity school, which operates as a vocational training school and her intention was to provide free education on any practical issue that children or adults might want to learn if you wanted to
find a better job, get skills that would help you run more for your family, she would invent classes as the school year went on. there was no set structure or schedule. she would ask students what things are you interested in, what topics do you want to know about and would find people who knew that and hire them to teach a class. it was a very open-ended school and the motto was always opportunity. it remains in operation today celebrating its centennial. he was one of the few politicians to speak out in support of japanese-americans in pearl harbor. it was a great political risk. the japanese internment camp
that was built in southeastern colorado was undoubtedly the most open and had the best interaction with the local communities. there was a great deal of support for japanese-americans in the state, a large part because of governor car. in the 1960's, colorado's governor was john love. who better to be governor in the 1960's and then governor love. they signed the abortion laws. they really want any categories
that were limited or constraint. the bill was written by a denver politician named dickie lamb who eventually served 12 years as governor. it was a democratic bill signed by a relatively conservative governor in the 1960's and that was 60 years before the roe versus wade decision. so colorado was on the front lines of one of the most contentious issues still in our time. there is an ongoing historic preservation and restoration effort at the state capital. we have been working on trying to reclaim the building to the way it looked a century earlier when it opened at the beginning of the 20th century. lance shepherd can offer some information about all the projects trying to restore it to its original condition. >> there are two domes in the capital. we are inside the outer dome. kind of an architectural feature to make it look larger than it actually is.
the gilder's are considered the artist who gilded the capital and we always used gold from colorado to gilded. originally in 1901, it was around 200 ounces. part of the dome restoration project, there is copper and 120 years of hail storms had damaged the copper quite a bit. there were micro fractures. we replace that. we put a layer of black paper and a layer of metal and sheet-metal and the copper on top of that. three layers of waterproofing for hopefully the last 100 years. >> currently in the house
chambers under restoration. the first year, we did the lower level restoring the ornate steps. the second year, we did the upper levels and this third year , we were doing the galleys. we were doing ceiling tile for all the wall surfaces, all the ceilings. and they glued not ceiling tile there as well supposedly lead for sound. we're taking it back to the original 1903, our time of significance. the lower level, we just touched up the original but on the upper levels, we actually re-created it on top of an acoustic material.
the opened up the copper and restored the chandelier. over the years, it are the extra bolts to the chandelier. this chandelier was both gas and electrical at one time and if you look at the upper section, the gas jets are still there. a lot of the painting here had been kind of build with 100 years of cigar smoke, cigarette smoke. the green is for the house of commons in the house. it is red for the house of lords. >> the colorado state capitol serves as the heart of its community. there isn't necessarily a reason for the state to exist.
it's a giant rectangle to bring together cultures and environments and cultures. yet this is the place where people gather to decide what we want and what we need and what makes us coloradans. the building itself has a great deal of symbolic and historical power. it is a place where colorado's history is preserved, political history. there are staying glass windows that celebrate and educate the people of colorado and anyone who comes to see the state. what do we want to commemorate out of our shared existence. all weekend, we are featuring the history of denver, colorado together with our comcast cable partners. learn more about denver and the
other stops on our cities tour at c-span.org. back, our history was not in the museums or in books. eventually, when people started to look at the 1960's, they realized that a lot took place here in colorado. this is a stronghold of the movement. here, california and texas. fide coloradoa history. told?n't the story being what you see here most prominently is the symbol of the united farm workers union, the thunderbird,
black on red. flag, an arm banner, and a short handled hoe. we included the whole because the united farm workers union was organized to protect the rights of farmworkers, to give the workers dignity. is whatrt handled hoe people used to work in the fields with and it was short handled, to always remember the ir low station in life. it was finally outlawed. you can see were the struggle came from when you take a look at that hoe, and when you look at the symbol. it is a strong symbol and it speaks to the people and it became a primary symbol in marches. and certainly on the ticket lines when the union representative and the members and the people from the urban
areas and the countryside the injusticenst of agricultural workers. union starting of this began or gave more force to the union because they started to utilize civil disobedience, nonviolence and it was very powerful. cesar chavez and allures where to --and the lords where huerta that a lot of work here. it was one of the more successful strikes and labor history. women platonist or mental role within the movement. but we decided that we couldn't give a whole unit to women.
wove the story women throughout the exhibit. i'd like to draw your attention to one particular story, and that is the story of the floral in brighton colorado. these floral workers, these women, work in horrible conditions at the key llama plant. they worked in rooms that were high in humidity. the floors were always damp, very filthy. the equipment was unsafe. they worked 8, 9, 10 hour days without overtime pay and very few breaks. they let a strike that lasted 122 days. here we have one of the lead organizers. lupeis photograph is
briseno. she change yourself with other -- she chained herself with other women and brought a lot of attention. women were often on the front lines of the movement. we can't talk about the chicano movement in colorado without mentioning the name of rodolfo corky gonzales. he was the leader of the chacon of movement in this state. came up through the ranks as a young boy, growing up in the barrio's, became a boxer and got in thed as a young adult war on party and mainstream politics. but he became very angry, as did family,his friends and
that government failed the people. have the voice so strongly needed to determine orir own lives, to fight create opportunities for better housing, health, education, workers rights. opportunities given to us in the constitution. we are in the student movement section now. storys area, we tell the of activism that young people took up at the university level and at the high school level. at the high school level, the students were beginning to voice to theirosition
treatment by teachers and how that was discriminatory. they were often were down, made to feel lesser then. textbooks that taught their history. there were no teachers that look like them. they started to protest at denver west high. there was a blowout. the students organized themselves to walk out of class and protest. they walked out and they were followed by other schools around the state, including some high schools in pueblo, colorado. the chacon of has not ended. it continues today. you can see people still means to make change.
the important thing we have to remember about that economy movement is that change was made. there were attorneys, judges, people in the court and teachers in the schools, principles. at last, we had a new generation teaching andals making change, continuing to make change. that doesn't mean that we have a perfect world. there is so much work to do. willing towho is share, teach and stand up against injustice is carrying forward the principles of , a lot of people have
a lot of work to do to carry forth the issues in the work of the chacon of movement. but we feel very proud of the .hanges that we have made area >> the unsinkable molly brown made her mark on the silver mining industry and the colorado next, weitics are up visit the molly brown house to learn more. a typical visit for visitors to the molly brown house museum takes you on a tour of the first two floors of her home. you are greeted in the entryway and you're taken to the first floor and then head to the residential floor on the second floor. you learn all about margaret's story, humble beginnings. came out and found love and a millionaire eventually. her story is much bigger and better than hollywood could come up with. we dispel the myth of molly
brown and tell you the legacy of margaret brown. margaret brown, as we call her was born margaret sullivan in missouri. they -- she had five other siblings at that time. she was born in a very small home. her parents were irish immigrants. the whole family pitched in. she came to colorado because her brother daniel century ticket to come out by herself. time by the age of 18 should be married. she went to the local catholic parish where she met -- she met her future husband jj brown. living in, they were leadville here in colorado. but they came to denver in 1884, after jj struck it rich. what he was working on was a way
to keep the walls of in the minds so they would not collapse on the minors. when he was doing that, he found largest pain of gold in america. they decided they no longer wanted to live in leadville colorado. they purchased this house for $30,000. right now, we are standing in the library. this is my personal favorite room in the entire house. this show -- this room shows how much margaret loved education. had an eighth grade argues -- eight grade education, but she continued to learn throughout her life. she learned eight different languages. when she passed away, she was learning greek. she truly had an ear for linkages. we also speak of the many causes that margaret worked hard for margaret headed down to
ludlow and sat with the striking she won up against the head of the company, john b rockefeller, to change the lives of these minors. boy, did you do it. what she did in ludlow went through the entire country and help change the lives of minors through the entire country. miners through the entire country. .hildren went to jail children could work their way back into society. build the immaculate conception cathedral, two blocks inm us area it was completed 1914, with over a thousand people in attendance. she worshiped there with her mother every sunday. it was such a close walk that she and her mother would walk
together. titanic fits into her alive as one of the largest events that would happen to her in her life. she was not supposed to be on titanic. she was traveling in europe and egypt with her daughter helen, who was at this point ground, along with -- margaret had to hop on the first ship that was leaving, which is the rms titanic. her daughter helen stayed behind in europe. traveling, anything was going along just fine. and we all know what happened that fateful iceberg. the night the iceberg struck, margaret was relaxing in her room with a book. that aree a few things already because of the time, but relate to margaret within titanic. late 1990's, the james cameron movie came out, titanic, and it threw titanic back into
the spotlight. it brought back the story margaret brown along with other survivors and those on the ship. thatfew people know margaret actually ran for senate early in the 20 century ed sheeran three times for that office. unfortunately, she never did win. although we do have her campaign photo. as you can see, she is standing there very eloquently standing next to a chair as a strong western woman. she always believed that western women have the spirit to hold an office and the ability to vote. that's why colorado gave women the right to vote, the first state to do it by referendum. we hope people walk away with a true story margaret and her legacy, that not only rang here but throughout the world. >> all we can, a mac and history
a lot of the cities do not have it until the late 1970's and early 1980's. the main mission is to tell the story of the cable industry. it grew out of the fact that tv signals cannot get into the valleys. the idea was to put up the antenna on the hill, collect the signal, send it back down to people's homes. in 1973, the inventor of the teleprompter and the cable company, he demonstrated at the anaheim cable tv show that you could use a portable station to distribute the signal. if you get that signal, they sent it. that totally changes the business. satellite distribution. >> cable is in tune and in touch. it gets better with commercial free entertainment. >> that is why you get the start of the superstitions like wpbs, transition. the third-generation in the mid-1990's is the start of the broadband era.
cable modems show up. broadband internet services for data is a big thing. that is in the mid to late 1990's. phone services is also coming as well. the question is are we at the end of that, is there a fourth generation coming, as the technologies converge. >> we are down here in the technology archive. we have about 2500 items here. this is a unique arrangement. the equipment is in signal order. the charter -- curator of this arrangement thought of this. that means that where the signals are collected is at the front, then moves to the line equipment where the signals move through the cap, and here we actually have the coax cable, and then it goes to the set top boxes.
and then we have test equipment. there is an overarching arrangement to this. some of my favorite pieces, we have coffee can and requires. -- amplifiers. we have all this great analog tube equipment. we have homemade test equipment like this piece right here. they have added a bold and amperage meter to the top. these are the items that we are going to scan for our virtual reality project. you will be able to look at these and handle them and interact with them in our virtual reality online exhibit. >> pay tv and cable tv companies
are seeking the right to charge you for the very programs you get for free. >> the cable industry has faced a lot of challenges. early on, the broadcasters thought that their signals were being stolen and did not want cable to exist. you had to overcome that. you had to overcome regulatory hurdles. there were monday things like -- mundane things like pole attachment. can we attach the cable to the polls. just to build our plant. there is vcr, is that a threat? you have more competition coming in. with the cable access 1994, 9 t 92 and 1996, you had competition coming in.
and then there was satellite. direct broadcast satellite. at each time, they have to face these huge challenges that affected the core of the business. now is the same thing with the over-the-top. as you see how people respond and what cable has brought to society. >> cable-tv provides personal choice so we can go together. i like that. >> imagine a world with three or four networks. cable brought choice. there is a lot of change. a lot of changes currently going on. some people think cable operators will turn into broadband providers. there is movement where some of the smaller cable companies, they're talking about wanting to be broadband companies, not specifically offering television.
they want out of the television business. they provide you the technology to get whatever you want. they do not want to be the ones passing the price increases from espn or whatever. it is up to you to negotiate the price. i think a lot of change, a lot of regulatory changes are coming as well with title ii coming in and regulating the cable companies, the internet providers. >> this weekend, we are featuring the history of denver, colorado, along with our comcast cable partners. learn more about denver at c-span.org/citiestour. you're watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> on august 28th, 1963, the u.s. information agency film the
march on washington for jobs and freedom and produced a documentary for western audiences. by law, the film cannot be shown in the united states until 12 years after the original production. up next, the 20 minute film titled "the march on washington." [chanting] >> a giant step toward full participation in american life and affairs was taken by the american negro in a capital of united states, august 28, 1963.