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tv   Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library 75th Anniversary  CSPAN  September 4, 2016 8:00pm-9:16pm EDT

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colorado. learn more about denver at you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. announcer: the franklin d roosevelt presidential library and museum celebrated its 75th anniversary earlier this year. members of the roosevelt institute and the vibrator system spoke about his legacy and why he decided to create the first presidential library. this program is a little over one hour. happy days are here again andy. thank you all for coming. i am the director of the library. if i could please ask you all to stand, we'll have the presentation of the colors by the boy scout troop number 17.
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please remain standing for the pledge of allegiance. i pledge allegiance, to the flag, of the united states of america. and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. mr. sparrow: you may retire the colors.
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i'll national anthem will now be performed. nowur national anthem will be performed. >> ♪
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[applause] mr. sparrow: we will now have the invocation. >> let us pray. in the beginning was the word, and the word was with god and t he word was god. the word said if there are going to be so many words in the world, we better put them in books. and it was so. the books were fruitful and multiply. are sod said if there
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many books, we better put them in libraries. and it was so. and the libraries populated the earth and it was good. saidhen, dear lord, you your servant franklin with a new idea. not a library in the usual sense, but a place to preserve the stories of the -- of the presidencies, a research archive, and simultaneously a museum. a place where the people might come in his words, learn from the past so that they can gain in judgment in creating their own future. it took a long time to get a place like this. and although it sounds impressive to say we celebrate its 75th anniversary, that is such a short time. in a world with increasing tensions, increasing division, and in which information for exchanged at a
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dazzling rate, we understand even more fully today the need for a place like this. so, send your blessing upon this library that in another 75 years people will say it is just coming into his prime -- into its prime. make it a place of even deeper learning, more profound research, and even greater creativity. make it a place where ideas are exchanged with openness and respect for the betterment of our community, eric -- our nation, and the world. we ask this of you o lord so that we might do our part in seeking a more just, peaceful, andw h -- and whole world. tasks so that our any and you may look upon and say, it is good. amen. mr. sparrow: please be seated. thank you.
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distinguished speakers, are honored guests, good morning. it is my honor to be with you here today -- and what a day. with a like to start very simple story about the day president roosevelt sets the cornerstone for this building. it was a cold, blustery november day in 1939 and he addressed the crowd and the press, standing almost exactly where we are right now. speaking of himself, he said, " half a century ago a small boy took a special delight in climbing an old tree to pick and ."t pears that was 100 feet west of where we stand. to the north, used to lie
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beneath the strawberry rose. in the summer, he dug into the woodchuck holes in the same field. sentence of those woodchuck's still inhabit the field and i hope they will continue to do so for all time. end quote. i can tell you they are still here, because i can see them for my office window. with them are the spirit of franklin and eleanor roosevelt. we honor their memory and legacy today. we have with us a number of roosevelt family memories. i would like to ask that you all stand so i can acknowledge your presence. roosevelt family members, please stand. [applause] also honoredwe're to have a number of other presidential family members here. linda, please --
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[applause] mr. sparrow: margaret hoover hoped to be here but she was not able to make it. today we are celebrating not just the 75th anniversary of the fdr library, but the birth of the national archives presidential library system. we have a number of national archive staff here today in addition to our chief operating number of other library directors are here, some staff members from washington, and of course this incredibly talented and dedicated staff that i inherited, without whom none of this would be possible. would you all stand up and be recognized? [applause] mr. sparrow: i would
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particularly like to thank the former director who hired all these fantastic people. [applause] hassparrow: the fdr library an amazing relationship with the national parks service. special thankss to the superintendent who has been here for 16 years, and this is her last day. [applause] mr. sparrow: i would like to welcome her successor, superintendent larry tuck. please stand up and be recognized for your great service. [applause] mr. sparrow: our most important non-federal partner is the roosevelt institute. they have provided guidance and servant -- financial support for libraries for decades. andd like to thank
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roosevelt and the ceo and president, and all of the roosevelt board members who are here today. if you would all please rise -- together we represent a unique public-private partnership that makes the library system so successful. [applause] are also a: there number of staff people here today who are helping us out. they came out early this morning, i want to thank you for being here in helping us out. it really is important. we have representatives of other presidential library foundation's here. foundations,d bush if you can stand. thank you very much. [applause] to go back in time, in december of 1938 when this whole process was just starting, and there was a lot of ,esistance in congress
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president roosevelt appointed three people to be the original trustees of the library to oversee the fund-raising. today, nancy roosevelt, president roosevelt appointed three, his granddaughter, is the chair of the trustees of the library. i would like to ask all the trustees to stand. your support is so essential to what we do here. please stand. [applause] represent a you great tradition going all the way back to 1938. that support is so critical to everything we do here. i'm your way and you no doubt noticed the table that said membership. all welcome to join, in fact, you are not allowed to have lunch unless you become a member. [laughter] mr. sparrow: just kidding. i want to thank all of our members and our volunteers, you really make this place possible. would all of our members please stand in a round of applause for them. [applause] one last story
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about the origins of the library. at the first advisory committee from thejillian boyd historical society of pennsylvania suggested to fdr that he think about new technology. washington note preserved for us the character of his voice or the photographic documentation of his daily activities. but you can do this for the future." thanks to his understanding of new media, our collection includes audio recordings, film and photographs which gives us great insight into that period in the roosevelt administration. the support of organizations like marist college, ibm and at&t, kevin able to put nearly one million pages online. this year, at&t is supporting our efforts to put 10 of roosevelt's most important speeches to a new state-of-the-art ultra hd format.
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we will be making these available to everyone. the challenge is nobody has a way to play them back, but we are making them available for the future. the first of those is the film -- 24g in our exhibit hours that changed the world. -- 24 hours that changed the world. you may have seen a playing on the video monitor. that is a carefully restored, frame by frame, by the motion picture labs. i want to say a special thanks to at&t. they have allowed us to take the and make it vital to reach the next generation. there are many other organizations that have supported us over the years. the new york community trust, the newman's own foundation, the wallace genetic foundation, health quest and many others. i want to thank you all. this institution in particular could not exist and thrive without the support of all of you.
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if you are here today it is because you supported the library, and i want to say thank you. now we get started. i would like to introduce the granddaughter of franklin resident -- roosevelt. please give her a warm welcome. [applause] ms. roosevelt: it is a daunting task to be able to represent my family up here. i am so pleased that my cousins have joined us all here today. say -- what i want to because it is not about my family, it is about our family. if you are here you understand the importance of this library, the importance of the task of libraries.
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the important legacy that her our grandfather left us, which is to understand that we have to know the past in order to make good decisions today and tomorrow. that this library has flourished for 75 years and inspired , wherential libraries that knowledge can inform us all as citizens of this democracy so that we make better decisions today and tomorrow. thist is our task, not family's task, but this family's task to remind our children and our grandchildren and our friends and their children and grandchildren -- remind everybody that this is a
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resource that only democracies have. and we need to make sure that it thrives. i have the distinct pleasure of introducing our next speaker. friend adams has been a of the roosevelt library for a very long time. for the past 26 years, she has dedicated her life to public service. poughkeepsie,to she served under ed koch and david dinkins. firsts appointed as the deputy commissioner of the new york city development agency and subsequently reappointed to that position by mayor giuliani. career in new york city government, she received many awards including the 1989
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woman of the year award from the mayor's commission on the status of women. after relocating to poughkeepsie in 1995, shirley was appointed executive director of the catherine street community center, which provides afterschool and social service assistance to children and families. appointed towas the dutchess county hiv-aids planning council and served as chair for six years. to aidsservice organizations, she received the 1998 distinguished service award from the new york state department of health aids institute and in 2004, committed the service award from the dutchess county hiv health service planning council. this is a woman who does not just retire.
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she serves on several boards and committees, including the dutchess county criminal justice coordinating council, the poughkeepsie area chamber of commerce, the poughkeepsie world cemetery, the city of poughkeepsie rotary, where she 4 andd as president in 200 4 co-chair of the poughkeepsie housing authority. she went to bed -- to bennett m.a. fromd got an nyu. where so fortunate to have a in the like shirley here hudson valley who understands eleanor fdr and roosevelt and their lies and how to live their legacy everyday. shirley? [applause]
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ms. adams: you never realize how old you are until someone says that to you. [laughter] ms. adams: i am completely blown away. going to stick to my script so i can stay on time because i am totally excited. it is a pleasure, such a pleasure to be here with you this morning and on such a lovely day. this amazing celebration of the library and museum's 75th anniversary is just a wonderful occasion. we know that the roosevelt's commitment to this community goes back more than 75 years. both franklin and eleanor roosevelt had strong ties to dutchess county. franklin loved the hudson valley, and his family continues to be involved in our community
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in many ways. mid-1800s, to the franklin roosevelt helped to design and build local schools, , and inices, libraries his spare time helped to build a new home for the poughkeepsie journal, a local newspaper. he was always interested in helping the local people achieve self-sufficiency and prosper. presidenterved as the of the new york chapter of the boy scouts for more than 20 years. mrs. roosevelt worked tirelessly in support of civil rights and the advancement of young people all across the country, but especially here in our community. if franklin and eleanor were still around today, i am sure that they would be involved with
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the catherine street community center in poughkeepsie. in fact, we have a much loved photograph of mrs. roosevelt on the steps of catherine street center, the old catherine street center, with some young people dating back to 1934. catherine street had its beginning around 1915. sides known as the north ywca. it provided young women of color with opportunities for civic and community engagement. in 1922, catherine street was formally established with the mission that reflects to this to the strong commitment preservation and education of families and children. than nine decades, catherine street has reaffirmed its commitment to school
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readiness by promoting the value of education for parents and children. it is our goal to make it fashionable and cool for children to want to study, work hard, and succeed in school. we are working at catherine street to break the cycle of , and wein our community are going to do that one child and one family at a time. [applause] we will continue to make our impact on poverty by encouraging and removing barriers for poor children and their families. making it possible for them to ,articipate in our preschool afterschool, and a summer enrichment programs. programs the kinds of that the roosevelt encouraged throughout the country.
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the franklin roosevelt library and museum and the roosevelt institute helped partner with catherine street for many years, working to continue the legacy of the roosevelt's. the library museum and institute presents scholarships every year to college-bound high school students during our martin luther king breakfast celebration. also worked together on a series of public events known as the eleanor roosevelt we make our history for him. this is roosevelt once said, i believe strongly that the past the -- must never govern future. she said i also believe that we must have the past in mind to help us shape the future. today, as we mark the 75th anniversary of the opening of the great institution, please join and take a moment to
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reflect on why president roosevelt chose to place his personal library and museum here in dutchess county. rather than in washington dc. it is because he knew people would come here from all over the world and that their journey would benefit our community in so many ways. i know that president and mrs. roosevelt are very pleased to see the wonderful impact their library and museum has had and continues to have on our community. thank you. [applause] mr. sparrow: thank you, that was wonderful. , pulling off an event like this you can imagine has a lot of little details, a lot of
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last-minute changes. there was one change that i forgot to make, which was the program you have in front of you is actually wrong. it, but i -- i proved was wrong. because our next speaker and longtime friend -- we have at a particularly close relationship with marist college. dennis murray became the president of marist in 1979. you're not going to believe this but today is officially his last day as president of marist college. [applause] mr. sparrow: i do not know if he coordinated this, but his successor is here. we are very happy to see him here today. thank you doctor.
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[applause] his impact on the entire hudson valley cannot be overstated. i use the word extraordinary because it truly was extraordinaire. he transformed a small regional internationally recognized leader in a range of fields, especially in technology. he has been a true friend to the library, as well as one of our trustees. i can announce that our new website is live today. thank you. [applause] mr. sparrow: and thank you to our staff, everyone who worked on it. it was because of the technology department at marist that we were able to launch this new website that will give access to a million pages of our archives to people all over the world use their phone. in many countries and in many poorer communities, a phone is their primary access to the internet. let me get back to this.
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please give a warm welcome to dr. dennis murray. [applause] dr. murray: thank you everyone. what a great honor it is to give as president of measures college here on hollow ground that we have here in hyde park. and to allhank paul our distinguished guests. on behalf of residents of this great region and all the elected officials who came out, i want to welcome you to our beautiful and historic hudson river valley. throughout the centuries, we have inspired poets, artists, and presidents. president roosevelt was that his dunty's most famous -- was utchess county's most famous resident. he famously remarked that all that is within the cries out to go back to my home on the hudson. he really loved this county in
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this great state. it is interesting to note that 1944 presidential election, fdr defeated new york governor thomas billy, himself a dutchess county resident, which is the only time in u.s. history where the two major presidential candidates were both from the same county. the fdr library has become our vision is not only first presidential library, but continues to be the finest because of the leadership we have. a keenn roosevelt had understanding of how important it is to secure and pass on our nation's history. in the words of our former great, layton arthurs lesson jerk, history is to the nation as memory is to the individual. a great thought that emphasizes how important history is. board of not only the
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library, but the franklin and eleanor roosevelt institute. the roosevelt library is also one of the major drivers of tourism here in dutchess county. in 2015 it attracted 1920,000 visitors from all over the world 000 visitors from all over the world. there's college is also proud to be part of this great region, and we try to give back. we have one of the most advanced technology platforms of any college or university in the country. we are happy to be able to share that beginning in the 1990's with the epithet -- with the fdr library to help digitize their vast collection. this created one of the most sophisticated digital repositories in the world and
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the depository has archival material, 2500 photographs and we continue to add. students of history have easy access to some of the most important documents of the 20th century. we hope people continue to visit us, for many people around the world who will learn about franklin roosevelt through this wrote -- website. i would like to thank a few people here. roosevelt for the leadership nancys provided, our ceo, -- they have done a wonderful arrow.- dr. sp dyson. like to note rob he served as chairman of the board and enabled us through the foundation and his support to do
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many of the things that we have been able to do in partnership with the library. billld like to recognize who got me involved in the library over 30 years ago. seen theill, we have wisdom, the decency, the humanity, and the courage of fdr and i want to let you know what a pleasure it has been working with you. [applause] in april i was honored to be part of the delegation with a roosevelt and secure their travel to the netherlands to participate in the 2016 freedom award ceremonies. the reports have been a joint venture between the roosevelt institute and the roosevelt foundation.
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[indiscernible] these were originated by -- our host for that event was johannes -- the commissioner for a dutch province and the chair of the dutch roosevelt foundation. he served in a number of official positions and was the youngest mayor in the netherlands at one point. distinctioned the of having traveled the furthest, flying and yesterday from minimalist -- from the netherlands. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, let me explain what is the kings commissioner. you know we are very proud and the netherlands -- we have a kingdom, so, all of our governors are being called king's commissioners.
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we don'ti am proud have to elect a president because we just have a king. [laughter] [applause] as you may know, we in the netherlands and the people from my province are very very proud that the emphasis of the roosevelt's of the roosevelt came from our province. they traveled as a lot of dutch people to the new land to the land of the united states -- to america. i have to say that the next once said that franklin roosevelt's life made him the true son of zeeland, describing landrovince as "this great
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of sea farming land and stormy oceans seeking their fortune, the land known for their reclaiming the for title lands, the country where hatred of tyranny are deeply rooted among people whose history was a constant battle against foreign proud ton." i am very say that the netherlands also was the first european country to recognize the united states has an independent government and to start diplomatic relations in 1782. [applause] in 1982, during the bicentennial of those relationships, the freedoms of franklin delano roosevelt were introduced in the
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netherlands in zeeland and we are very thankful. work you so much for the you did for us. applaud for them. [applause] in zeeland, we honor this special historic bond with roosevelt and the united states when we cherish our long-lasting partnership and common heritage and as democratic nations, we share many common values. those values are so needed these days in the world. in your country, and our europe today. ,here we need not to separate as we need to integrate, to face the challenges of war and conflict and refugees in the
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world. as eleanor roosevelt said, the refugees of the world are a constant and painful reminder of ,he breakdown of civilization to the stupidity of war. they are its permanent victims. refugees are the permanent victims of that unit we face a lot of challenges in your country, in our country, in my province, where we have to help refugees. to go to therk source of conflict in the world , letet the four freedoms him work together -- let the values we share be the base upon we work together. this special bond between the netherlands and the united states is also reflected in a
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personal friendship between our royal family and the roosevelt family. during the second world war, our princess and her children were frequent guests of president and mrs. roosevelt at the white house and at hyde park. this personal friendship served to bring even closer our two the same which shared objective: to create a better world after the war, a world founded upon four freedoms. the french in between the two families is expressed in many letters and other documents which can be found here at the presidential library and museum. beatrix when she was a little girl that i have wroteere the letters she to roosevelt for, thank you very
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much for staying here at the beautiful hyde park, greetings, trixie could i said, you didn't -- i said, i didn't know you mentioned yourself, trixie. she said, a you cannot mention me that way. [laughter] zeeland is proud to be the home of several roosevelt institutes. the successfully roosevelt university college, the roosevelt study center, the i amvelt foundation, where chair of organizing the four freedoms award together with the roosevelt institute in new york, and, this spring, princes beatrix, together with an roosevelt and tony roosevelt, opened a new roosevelt information center in a village where the roosevelts originally come from. roosevelt institutes in their own way all share the mission of the presidential
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library and museum which is to keep the legacy of franklin and eleanor roosevelt of life and to promote the respect for and human freedom and democracy good on behalf of the dutch roosevelt instituted on behalf of the people from my theince, i congratulate franklin delano roosevelt library and museum with its 75th anniversary. and you know, when we know our history, we can better world sod this day's we can better contribute to a better world in the future. librarye this museum in not only as a historical museum but it is a museum for our future. gift to pute small on display in the library and i want to give it to your director, paul sparrow.
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we have, in our provincial house, a very world-famous map, many books of the 17th century of the world. hand.a map made by the whole world is in it. and one of our predecessors, the gave itnt of zeeland, to one of the maritime leaders for freedom in the netherlands in the 17th century and his family members said, well, government, here, you have it back. that we made aed beautiful reproduction of the 17th century map of my province of zeeland from the endless, which shows zeeland in the
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golden age when the roosevelts left arm province and sailed for north america. it is especially nice that i just saw descriptions of the -- lovingzee-man and i am proud that he was at his lifetime real inhabitant of zeeland, franklin d. roosevelt -- i want to give them out to paul sparrow. [applause] map tont to give the paul sparrow. [applause] it is my honor to give the floor to linda hauser william -- to give the floor to william who is member of my foundation and in the province.
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since the start of the international freedom award ceremonies in 1982 he has been a very valued advisor to the , a great foundation supporter of our work to carry forward the legacy of franklin delano roosevelt and to create a better world for everyone, but, you know, he was one of the pioneers of the roosevelt institute. he was the man of the roosevelt you must see his -- he was one of the big pioneers of the for freedom award ceremonies in the netherlands. he played a role for this beautiful library, museum, and, i really must say, when, i -- he thought -- he could could write very good because i thatots of speeches of him really -- i am very glad we can, today, listen to him.
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i give the floor to the ambassador. [applause] >> cherished friends, it is very someone people say, he was, he was. i am. [laughter] [applause] the message of this celebration is that the presidency of the united states belongs to the people of the united states. franklin roosevelt established the first presidential library because the papers and records of prior administrations have been treated carelessly, destroyed by former presidents and families. the papers had been sold to private collectors. the papers had disappeared so
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that historical records were vastly incomplete. the president approached the end of his second term he determined to establish a new institution, a presidential library built by private funds and placed under the careful jurisdiction of the national archives. there was no effort made to censor records or correct documents or to tell different stories in different ways or to influence those who might write about them. his purpose and his direction was that the papers in the records of the presidency be gathered together and carefully archived so that the history of the united states could be handed to our children into their children. administered by the extraordinary -- which president roosevelt also strongly supported, the archives of the united states. with churchill described franklin roosevelt as the
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greatest and he had ever known. resident roosevelt -- must be regarded as one of their commanding events in human destiny. , the century of the roosevelt legacy will allow the legacy to inspire generations to come. junior, thesenger arthur/anger -- history is to a nation as memory is to the individual. that is persons deprived of memory become disoriented and lost, not knowing where they have been or where they are without a a nation conception of his past will be disabled in dealing with its present and its future. that is the message of this library. the pages of those dramatic years from franklin roosevelt led the country when eleanor
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areevelt inspired the world the trusted legacy protected in this institution. everyone,ed to researchers come from all over the world and they find a labors home from their in this place. franklin and eleanor roosevelt have a special status in our country's life. they compel us to tell their story to contemporary and generations yet to come. history is a moral necessity for worldon which is the stuntman at military power. history is the best antidote to delusions of omnipotence and omissions. self-knowledge is the indispensable prelude to self-control for a nation as well as an individual. that message is writ large on the walls of this great institution. its creationering 75 years ago we pledge ourselves to the continuance of this
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institution's purposes. our history is in safe hands. if we remember the lessons of that history, we shall fulfill hope int roosevelt's his establishment. thank you for being here today. [applause] dr. sparrow: thank you and i consider it an honor to work with him. he is truly an american treasure. [applause] if we are lucky we may be able to persuade the ambassador to lead us in a round of happy days are here again. he is quite the singer. our next baker is internationally noted author and historian and expert on presidencies, he studied under one of the great fdr historians
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at williams college and i just learned today that his son is going to williams college, as well. he earned a masters at harvard, his work has been recognized with an annie award, the order award.oln -- and emmy he appears regularly on pbs and he is nbc news's presidential historian. most of you probably know him from his appearances on the daily show with jon stewart. he is actually much funnier than jon stewart. he has written nine books, all of them are terrific and please welcome michael beschloss. beschloss: i hope we can give paul a hand for a wonderful
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job he is doing here at the fdr library. [applause] beschloss: fdr saved the world in the 1940's. he invented so much about modern day america so why not the presidential library? i wish i had been at the the library on a hot afternoon even hotter than the 75 years ago today. it was 40's before america celebrated 165 years since our independence. on that day, there were musicians, the local stalwarts, and there were a large representation of the .ownspeople of hyde park
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the library had been built here for $350,000 in donations that were received from 28,000 americans by subscription and that was before the internet. president roosevelt told the crowd, you better go inside and see the building now because today is going to be the last chance you have got to say this library free of charge. after that, the admission would be $.25 per person, payable to the national park service. the president left gathering his papers here but he also loved displaying his collection of naval prince. -- print. he loved the portrait of himself which was painted by a painter who is trying to show president roosevelt next to a roaring fire giving a fireside chat and you can see sort of the reflection of the flames in his cheeks and
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with a great sense of humor, roosevelt said, we call this portrait roosevelt in hell. [laughter] mr. beschloss: presidents before fdr often took their papers home. sometimes they put them in attics. sometimes they were destroyed. sometimes well-meaning relatives -- son of george washington's precious letters were destroyed by well-meaning family members who thought that they were trying to improve their reputations. classic fdr with his outside sense of history and his delight in being an amateur architect -- he sketched out the plan for this modest hudson valley building but he called -- that he called dutch colonial. idea was that the records be
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open to let them judge. valueeople question the and the expense of having a presidential library. there are some people who even say one of the papers of all the in onents together faithless building in washington? i do not think they say faithless building, but i do. anyone who says that i think should come right here to hyde park and see how much it helps to understand the president if we do the research here in the place that he lived among archivists who are experts in his life and presidency. one of the best things about hyde park is that we also celebrate the life of eleanor roosevelt. library --s of this fully recognized her importance to her husband that they were hardly alone. i remember the young historian talking to my cherished mentor,
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, and i remember him telling me how much he kicked himself for not making more of an effort to interview mrs. roosevelt when he was writing his landmark biography of fdr. we rejoice today to see mrs. roosevelt's towering place in american history fully honored here in hyde park. one of the benefits of being a historian, if the president in that, this is what he would but, if president roosevelt worked to come back here today, i think he would be exhilarated by the fact that this library, over 75 years, in helping everyone try to capture his great dream. working here right next to the roosevelt family house, it is so easy to imagine that little boy working on his naval collection, writing his pony with his father, sailing his sailboat,
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dreaming of the great world be on this estate and the world he himself might one day have in world affairs. i have had the honor of doing researchers since i was a 19-year-old junior at williams college up the road in 1975. my son is here today. he is a 19-year-old williams college sophomore making his first visit today. i remember the experience of going through documents behind us. the air-conditioning was not as -- in thosee days days. looking at on the fields of fdr's year, remember thinking, if there is a paradise for historians, it has to be the roosevelt library. i think we can clap for that unit. [applause]
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-- i think we can clap for that. [applause] mr. beschloss: i am delighted to .ee bill luxenberg would you mind standing up? [applause] bill has just written and immortal book on the american presidency. i would recommend reading it 10 times. he will be here tomorrow at 3:00 talking about his book. i remember having the honor of doing a symposium here in 2011 with my old teacher jim burns along with our friend susan dunn . thank you for being here, susan. [applause] mr. beschloss: the day we did old. jim was 92 years
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four days from now we will celebrate america's 240th birthday and i could not be more appropriate that before that happens, here we are to celebrate one of our greatest american leaders and the library that he imagined. all i can say is that for myself and every other historian and scholar, thank you to everybody made it present who possible for this library to become the inspiration that fdr hoped it would become. thank you all. [applause] dr. sparrow: thank you. was a womanevelt who accomplished more than many of us do. she wrote her column 60's a week from 1935 until 1962.
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her february 20 1936: after one week of wild swings in the stock market -- she wrote, business today with all its complicated ramifications seems a bit like a mad hatter's tea party. a little simplification would be the first step toward rational living, i think. while managing 13 presidential libraries seems like a tea party susan -- the director of the presidential library system -- like eleanor, she accomplishes more in a day than most of us to in a month. she has been with the national archives for 24 years in a series of executive positions and has been my boss for 11 months. please welcome, susan tonio. [applause]
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one of the most rewarding components of my job is not a to work with the wonderful staff here but the staff of the presidential libraries across the nation who make my job a privilege and so to not only be here to celebrate fdr's library for the entire presidential library system. on a sunny afternoon 75 years ago president roosevelt spoke of the importance of presidential records, describing this library any proof is needed that our confidence in the future of democracy has not diminished in this nation and will not diminish. today, the presidential so filled fdr's position to protect the records of our nations history and to make these materials accessible to the american people, ensuring
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the future of our democracy. as part of the national archives, presidential libraries stretching from massachusetts to california, serve as clusters of democracy for over 2 million visitors annually. students, educators, and tourists visit our museums. historians, journalists, and citizens conduct research in our reference rooms and members of the general public attend forums, concerts, and even some fireworks displays. reach with aer history of the modern presidency or the lives and leadership qualities of those who have held our nation's highest office. unparalleled contribution to the civic education of our country is the hallmark of the national archives and a central aspect of our agency's mission which our next speaker has championed. was confirmed as
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the 10th archivist of the united states on november 6 2009. in addition to educating for his termgagement to -- as archivist has been characterized by his unyielding ofmitment to the principles open government, transparency, participation, and collaboration. the cornerstone of the work that stated, is the belief that citizens have the right to see, to examine, and to learn from the records that document the actions of their government. as part of this effort, he has brought our agency into the digital age, revolutionizing the matter in which the national archives conduct its work. importants an connection to the empire state, having served as the andrew mellon director of the new york public library. he was part of the team responsible for integrating the branchh libraries and
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libraries into one service for users. creating the largest public library system in the united states and one of the largest research libraries in the world. , here coming to new york served in top positions as two of the positions major academic libraries -- the massachusetts institute of technology and duke university. in these positions he let major initiatives including the expansion of facilities, the adoption of digital technologies, and a reengineering of library publications. when franklin roosevelt established the national archives and that are dedicated , it is unlikely he could have envisioned the way the agency and presidential libraries would change with the times. yet he would no doubt be gratified to see that what is not altered is our commitment to providing the american people with access to the documents, photographs, and historic material that recount our shared national history.
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please join me in welcoming the leader of this important effort, the archivist of the united states, the honorable david ferriero. [applause] thank you.o: greetings from washington. it is a pleasure to be here to help celebrate the 75th anniversary of this wonderful library and it is also an opportunity to meet -- to publicly thank president roosevelt for my job. [applause] in 1934 president roosevelt law whichill into established the national archives and the position of archivist of the united states. in that role, i share an office on pennsylvania avenue with a wonderful portrait of the president. , dailys an eye on me provides inspiration and reminds me of the importance of our mission.
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i frequently look up at the desk andopposite my often -- look up at that portrait and think to myself, what do you think? hell am i doing? [laughter] -- how am i doing? in that mission that he so passionately felt remains the same, to collect, protect, and preserve the records of the unit is this government to make them available so that the american people can hold its government accountable for its actions and learn from the past. we are the final destination for the most important records of the united states government, to data collection numbers over 13 billion sheets of paper, 43 million photographs, miles and miles of film and video and about 5 billion electronic records. with valleystart forge and go all the way up to the tweets that are being
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created in the white house as i'm speaking. they include the photos of roosevelt walking in the brooklyn navy yard's, the fireside chats, a letter from fidel castro asking the president for a $10 bill. the day of infamy and for freedom speeches and all the new deal legislation. the national archives and ministers the network of presidential libraries from herbert hoover to george w. bush , the franklin roosevelt library was our first -- we now have 13-14 with more than 700 million of textual materials and unless 700,000 museum objects. and these libraries are not libraries in the usual sense -- they are archives and museums bringing together the documents and artifacts of the president, his in ministration, and his
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family, and presenting them to the public for study and forussion without regard political considerations or affiliations. the intent from the beginning was to have a presidential libraries located throughout the country where scholars and school children can learn about their government, the presidency, and service and government. in dedicating this library, frequent roosevelt captured the essence of that mission, to bring together the records of the past and 2000 and buildings where they will be preserved for the use of men and women in the -- a nation must live in three things -- they must believe in the past, it must believe in the future, it must above all believe in the capacity of its own people so to learn from the past that they creatingin judgment in their own future. the presidential libraries are uniquely american phenomenons. a partnership of the federal government and private foundations and the president's family working together to
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preserve the legacy of the president and his and ministration and to educate, inspire, and sometimes entertain. and i hope -- and i hope to excite young people about careers in public service. at the dedication of this firsty in 1941, the archivist of the united states declared, raw materials of his together records of past human affairs and only when such records have been preserved and made available can a historian truly reconstruct and interpret the past. in must have been some such thought that inspired the idea that -- which we dedicate today. and now i have the honor of sharing with you a message from my boss. i am pleased to join in marking the 75th anniversary of the franklin d. roosevelt presidential library and museum.
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refusing to accept that we are anything less than the masters of our fate, president roosevelt steered america's course toward security and stability are to this day, our nation looks to his fearless spirit unwilling to retreat in the face of challenge and uncertainty. the franklin d. roosevelt presidential library and museum is more than a place where the past is preserved, it is a symbol of transparency and openness in our government, reflecting his ironclad belief that presidency belongs to the hisle, fdr established proud tradition as a way to educate our public and sustain our democracy for generations to come. as you want a powerful legacy of our nation's 32nd president, you have my best wishes for the years ahead, barack obama. [applause] dr. sparrow: you have always
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been a great friend and a great leader and i want to say how honored i am to be a part of the national archives. it is an amazing organization at a great institution. i have a few more remarks before , 24 hours exhibit that changed the world, is now officially open. we invite you to come see it. [applause] dr. sparrow: re: curators are standing by to help you explore. here did a team fantastic job -- it truly is a remarkable exhibit. [applause] as was noted earlier, today, the museum is free, but tomorrow, you have to pay. [laughter] dr. sparrow: our members and guests are invited to join us for lunch. the tenant's right over there. there are some additional tables . at 2:00 there will be a program
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at the visitor center on the history of the library featuring and the former, director of the roosevelt , at the visitor center -- we hope that you will join us. the illustrious professor -- will be doing the program tomorrow at 3:00 and i urge you all to come. as a remarkable expert on the subject. now have -- we will now have a benediction by father kramer. kramer: please send. -- please stand. let us pray. god, grant that this gathering may go in peace into a world of strife. go in justice into a world of injustice.
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go in knowledge and wisdom into ignoranceoh,llful . grant this gathering theyg go from this place filled with courage and hope andod, wonder at what can be when we learn from our past and work for our future together as brothers and sisters not divided by tribalism but united by our common bond of humanity. here,that we may go from but also, that we may return, for there is always need to learn more, always need to be inspired, always need for this place. amen. this officially as the ceremony. however, before we go, we are going to have a rendition of " happy days are here again." on the back of the program are the lyrics. please send along.
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think -- please sing along, and thank you all for coming. loud need everyone to sing and proud and strong, is that ok? one, two, one, two, ready sing. again ♪py days are here ♪ skies above are correct an ♪ ♪
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>> bravo. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] announcer: american history tv airs every weekend telling the american story through the events, interviews and visiting historic locations. american artifacts looks at the treasures and archives.
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real america, revealing the 20th century through films and israel's. the 7 -- films and newsreels. the presidency focuses on presidents and first ladies. american history tv, every weekend on c-span3. the c-span radio app makes it easy to follow the election wherever you are. it is free to download. get audio coverage and schedule information for c-span radio and television plus podcast times for our popular programs. stay up-to-date on all the election coverage. c-span's radio lab means you always have -- c-span's radio app means you always have c-span on the go. announcer: c-span continues on the road to the white house. >> i will be a president for
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democrats, republicans, and independence. >> we are going to win. announcer: i had come coverage of the presidential debates -- ahead, coverage of the presidential debates. on tuesday, october 4, vice presidential candidates mike pence and tim kaine debate in virginia. on october 9, washington the secondhosts presidential debate leading up to the 30th and final debate between hillary clinton and donald trump taking place at the .niversity of nevada las vegas live coverage of the presidential and vice presidential debates on c-span. listen live on our radio app or watch at
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marliner: next, fitzwater discusses the evolution of press relations and social media during presidential campaigns and how changes have affected news coverage. the--interviewed by this is part of an annual conference for high schools it is on the presidency in the press posted by the marlin fitzwater center for can indication of frequent peers university in new hampshire. this is about 35 minutes. >> i welcome you to our campus theew hampshire and to launch of a year-long celebration of the marlin fitzwater center for communications 15th anniversary. you are here today as part of the fitzwater center's high school student media program. no one is more qualified to speak on the


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