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tv   American Artifacts  CSPAN  September 4, 2016 10:45pm-11:01pm EDT

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20th century through newsreel. you hear about people who shaped the civil war and reconstruction. y focuses onc presidents and first ladies. american history tv every weekend on cspan3. >> c-span is in denver learning more about the city's rich history. the mile high city was built on the boom and bust of the silver industry. more aboutto learn the silver crash of 1893. >> the gold rush begins in 1859 in the denver area where gold was first discovered. but silver mining really hit its heyday in the 1880's, late 1870's, and really the 1880's was the boom time. b sherman silver act was passed and that insured the federal government would purchase a
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large quantity of silver at a fixed price. the government was subsidizing the silver industry so president grover cleveland determined to repeal the sherman silver act, which he did in 1883, and the price of silver immediately plummeted. people lost their fortunes overnight. one family in particular is a perfect illustration of the riches to rags and the silver boom and bust. the tabor family is a multifaceted story. horace tabor was born in vermont. he married his first wife, augusta, who was also from new england. they married and briefly tried
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farming in kansas, then came to colorado during the gold rush in 1859. they eventually settled in the leadville area, where they ran a store. one of the things horace did was what is called grub stake. he gave the prospectors goods. they did not have to pay him. they paid him in shares. that gave him initial resources to invest in other mining resources. he got very lucky and stuck it in the left struck it big on several different occasions and became very wealthy. in some circles, he was known as the silver king of colorado. one of the companies he formed with partners was incorporated
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in new york, the silver mining company. in our collection, we have the document that created the company and really floated $10 million worth of stock in the company. we also have one of the -- a number of, but this is one of the early dividend checks for $5,833, which in today's money about $110,000. they lived very well. he became mayor and was elected as lieutenant governor of colorado. they relocated to denver and lived in denver. at some point, horace had met a very beautiful young woman. her name is elizabeth. sometimes she was called lizzie. and she became his mistress.
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in 1883, they married in a formal ceremony in washington, d.c. ace had been appointed to fill an unexpired term of the u.s. senator. they married during the one month when he was senator horace tabor. it was a very lavish wedding, lots of politicians came. hundreds of dollars were spent on flowers. her wedding dress cost about $7,000, so they were making the most of the mining resources and the wealth silver provided them. horace, before he formally married her, he invested a lot in the infrastructure of denver. he built an opera house in leadville and he built an opera house in denver.
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also what was known as the tabor block a commercial building that , was five stories tall. in the early 1880's, that was a big deal. it was a huge, beautiful building. with the opera house, he said it was his gift to the citizens of denver. to me, this is one of the items that really reflects the lavishness of the time. in return, the citizens of denver presented him with a watch bfob. now, whether it is functional, i don't know, but it is heavy and large. is reflective of his life. it has engraved images of the a operatednd august in leadville, of the tabor block, the buildings he built in downtown denver, and the tabor grand opera house.
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he and his wife lived a lavish lifestyle for 10 years until the silver crash. they had a beautiful home in denver. they had two daughters, lily, the firstborn, and silver dollar , whose full name was rosemary echo silver dollar tabor. and overnight, when the crash hit, they lost their wealth and eventually all of the findings had to go. --y're beautiful home, they're beautiful home their , furniture. horace, it really broke his health. he went back to physically slag in some ofg fla
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the mines. he was much, much older than baby doe when they married. she was about half his age. he was appointed postmaster of denver in the last year of his life courtesy of some kind friends who wrangled that appointment for him, so the last year of his life was a little more comfortable. but he died in 1899, a few years after the silver crash. it really did take a toll on him. she was still a very young woman. i think she was only 44 and still very beautiful. supposedly, he told her to hang onto one of the mines in leadville because the price of silver would go up again and it might produce again. we don't know if that's really something he said or not, but she took those words to heart, and she did hang on to the mine, and she did move back to leadville. her two daughters went with her. but before long, they went their
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separate ways. lily went to live with baby doe's family in wisconsin. and silver dollar went to denver and then chicago, where she really seemed to struggle to find herself. she worked on the stage. she worked as a journalist. her later years, she seems to have taken to drink and lived under a variety of different names, one assumes probably with different men. she was killed in a suspicious accident where she seems to have been scalded to death. this was in the 1920's. baby doe never really wanted to recognize that silver dollar was lost and gone. but baby doe lived in the cabin at the matchless mine. this is a picture of her as an older woman in the doorway.
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lived there for a little over 30 years. she lived to be 80 years old. but most importantly, she hung on to her writings, diaries, and family photographs. she kept things in trunks that she had put in storage in denver . and after she passed away, there was a group of citizens in denver who banded together to purchase these items from the estate at auction and donate them to history colorado, so we are able to share aspects of the story. it has always fascinated me that she kept the watch fob, because in her writing, she talks about not having enough money to buy food or firewood. this is something that would have had great value at the time. bors were still
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well-known. she could have sold this and other items. them toe to hang on to keep those memories close. weekend, we are featuring the history of denver, colorado, together with our comcast cable partners. learn more about denver at itiestour./c you are watching american history tv on cspan3. you can watchrg, programming at any time at your convenience. here is how. go to our home page and click on the real library search bar. type in the name of a speaker, sponsor of the bill, or event topic. click on the event you would like to watch or refine your search with our many search tools. our homepage has many current
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programs ready for your immediate viewing such as journal" orhington the events we covered that day. if you are a c-span watcher, check it out at c-span.org. monday, university of north carolina professor and author of the book on how technology has been used in political campaigns since 2004 and how it is being used this election year. >> in this world of much more fragmented media attention, in a world of multiple different platforms where people consume media and timeshifting, campaigns need data, analytics, and technology to figure out which voters we need to reach, what messages are likely going to appeal to them, and how best to reach them. how do we get our message to
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people and helped them realize what the stakes of the election are? how do we make them care about politics? how do we get them adjusted in our candidates? >> watch monday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span two. >> on labor day, watch coverage of the national park service centennial. we are live from the robert e lee memorial, the most visited historic home in the park system. here is a preview. on august 25,go president wilson signed a law that created the national park system. the monument and wall where we are standing as part of the system. this was a uniquely american idea, the concept the nation's most beautiful lands don't want to a ruling class but the american people and is their right to visit these places and enjoy them. places such as the grand canyon, yellowstone, the statue of liberty. have become familiar to us and many are known around the world.
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they are our nation's crown jewels. president obama told a crowd it is always like the spirit of america itself is right here. today, there are 84 million acres in the system and 410 sites, including 59 national 25ks, 128 historical parks, battlefields, and 10 national seashores. last year, 300 million people visited the national park locations. when people think of national parks, they usually think of grand national spaces like the everglades. along the way, the national park service took up a second mission of telling the american story. the lincoln memorial, the washington monument, and even presidents' park are all part of the national park service narrative. this mission was literally carved into the stone of mount rushmore by the sculptor who wrote the purpose of the memorial is to commemorate the founding, expansion, and expansion of the united states. that the american story is
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complicated. in the 21st century, the national park service is taking the lead in trying to reconcile dueling storylines that many sites across the country. that sits above arlington national sermon -- cemetery is an example of that. today, visitors to arlington house learn the several storylines connected to this 19th century southern mansion from george washington and the revolutionary war to generally and the civil war and learn about enslaved people whose legacies live on in their descendents. the entire program on monday at 11:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. eastern time. american history tv every weekend and holidays, too, only on cspan3. >> next on american history tv, professor talks about her book.
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the american women who resisted the japanese in the philippines in world war ii. she talks about four american women involved in espionage rings in the capital after the japanese invasion and occupation of that country. this >> now we take it to the philippines which lavished under japanese rule for a few years. this one gets into a very confusing subject in time and manila sb nice ring going around. our guest speaker is dr. teresa kaminsky.

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