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tv   Hollywood Cemetery  CSPAN  February 19, 2017 3:08pm-3:26pm EST

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>> fame thought edgar allan poll moved to richmond as a small child, spending most of his life in the city. it was here that he developed an interest in writing and began his career at the southern literary messenger. poe left richmond and went on to write some of his most famous works, including "the raven," before he returned to richmond to marry his childhood sweetheart trade edgar allan poll later died under mysterious circumstances will in baltimore in 1849. american history tv continues its look at richmond with a tour of hollywood cemetery. it is the second most visited cemetery in the country after arlington national cemetery. >> the master scans the woven
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score of subtle harmonies before a note is stirred. and the nature now is pondering the title symphony of spring as yet unheard. this is a poem by john bannister , american poet buried in hollywood cemetery. here at hollywood cemetery we are anticipating the coming of spring. now many of the trees are dormant, but soon they will break forth with tremendous color and life. hollywood cemetery was beyondshed in 1847, just the city limits of richmond, virginia. the founders of hollywood hired , a philadelphia landscape architect, to design and layout they grounds. not rename the grounds, but the -- you name the grounds for the extensive growth of hollywood trees, and he transformed this wooded area into one of the most
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picturesque rural cemeteries in the united states. by the middle of the 19th century, american cities and towns had grown due to immigration and industrialization. the city churchyards and bearing grounds had become overcrowded. the rural cemetery was created to provide safe, sanitary burial outside the city limits, and also provide park space for the citizens of the city. john notman came to hollywood and found this area to be very damp, and so he built an english landscape. to those trees he adds cyprus, cedars, maples, magnolias, dogwoods, as alias, and creates a picturesque english landscape, both the work of man and the work of nature.
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the rural cemetery is a place for the living. it is a park. it is a garden. it is an outdoor art museum, as well as a burying ground. there are many notable tenants resting in hollywood, including presidents, supreme court generals,governors, captains of industry, and writers. stories aretheir told through the artworks and symbols on their monuments. so as we walked today, we understand why hollywood receives visitors from the world over. now in the confederate soldier section of hollywood. this was city land, not part of hollywood, but in the confederate government confiscated the city land for the burial of confederate soldiers. ellis, president of
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hollywood at the end of the 19th century, said of richmond is a temple of the lost cause, hollywood is its inner sanctum. among these honored dead our representatives of all the late confederate states. approximately 18,000 confederates buried in this section, 3000 of them were removed and brought to hollywood from the gettysburg battlefield .etween 1871 and 1873 originally all of the graves are marked with wooden headboards, but none of the wooden headboards have survived. today some of families are coming back and marking with the new military style stone. the centerpiece of the soldier section is a pyramid. the pyramid was built in 1869. it's 90 feet tall. it is made of rams -- james river granite. the hollywood ladies who had
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this built wonder this to be the first thing you see when you come near the ground. for many years it was -- and it was built in 1869, there were no trees out here. also buried in the soldier section is general george pickett. graduate,est point and he served in both the united states army and the confederate army. suffered two serious defeats during the civil war. the first was at gettysburg, when his division was decimated by union forces. that battle became known as pickett's charge. that defeat hastened lee's surrender at appomattox just eight days later. the monument to james pickett was placed by survivors of
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pickett's division. it was designed for placement at gettysburg, but the authorities would not give permission for its placement there. so it was placed in hollywood in 1888. we are at the grave of j.e.b. stuart, the great confederate cavalry officer. he gained fame in 1862 for his daring walk around mcclellan's army, just before the seven days battle around richmond. two years later, morgan lee lohan and near ashland, virginia. he's buried here. elisk which is an egyptian style monument that represents the sun at noon day. when it's used as a grave
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marker, it means that person lived a very fruitful and successful life. he was only 31 years old when he died. is the founder of the virginia female institute in stanton, which is named stuart hall in her honor. of the family continue the 19th century tradition of having their family reunions here. some years will come out and we will find a tent up here, with family members having their family reunion at the grave site of j.e.b. stuart. the grave of j stuart is ellen glasgow. she was an early suffragette. she was a student of the enlightenment, and she wrote about the oppression of women in the south. of was also very critical the false sentimentality of southern society. richmonders didn't read her
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books. and she was disappointed, because she was worried that richmonders were going to lose in the life of the mind. and so she said, richmonders just a bunch of loquacious partygoers. site oft the grave douglas freeman, who was a writer, and won the pulitzer prize for his biographies of robert e. lee and george washington. he also wrote a book about military tactics and strategies. that book was studied by generals had an and bradley when they planned a world war ii campaigns. freeman was also a military advisor to general eisenhower and president roosevelt. douglas freeman was editor of "the richmond news later" for 30 years, and he was also a lay minister. he gave daily broadcasts over the radio each day. is very modest.
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we just have his name and dates and a small inscription. a very modest stone for a giant literary figure. and he's buried next to his wife, inez goddin freeman. we are hearing some of the maintenance is going on here in hollywood. winter is a time when all the trees are maintained, and they are doing little bit of maintenance on the trees. we arethe noise hearing in the background. artworks in hollywood are cast-iron, stone, and stained glass. this is one of the most popular monuments, a cast iron dog, and newfoundland retriever that was cast in baltimore. 1865 tolaced here in prevent its confiscation by the confederate government, and melted down into bullets. during the civil war, the confederate government confiscated all of the ornamental iron work in the city of richmond. people that had fences around their homes -- those were sent
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down and melted down into cannons and bullets. all the church bells in the city were surrendered. one churchville survived because one of the parishioners at first baptist church paid in gold to say that bell. dog meltedwant the down. rees placed the dog here in the cemetery in 1865. it looks over the grave of his ofghter bernadine, who died scarlet fever. she was only 2 1/2 years old. her stone is what we call a cradle stone, a french style marker that reinforces the sleep metaphor of death. often on these cradle stones we will see tokens of remembrance. see a scallop shell, a symbol of our pilgrimage through life. you will often see a little remembrance stone. this tradition comes from the desert cultures.
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in the desert you have to of scarlet fever. she was only 2 1/2 pile rocks on top of the grave, and has evolved into a token of remembrance. sometimes you will find a claim left at the grave. that from our greek mythology represents the fairy man who takes us across the has evolvedo a token of river -- fe rry man who takes us across the river to the underworld. we are at the grave of jefferson davis and his family. jefferson davis was a graduate of west point, a mississippi cotton planter, a member of the house ofates representatives, a u.s. senator, secretary of war to franklin pierce, and the only president of the confederacy. he was married to farina howl. her family was from the north. her grandfather was four times governor of new jersey. unfortunately, she was from a large family, she was one of
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nine children, and her father had difficulty supporting the 18, sheso when she wasgovernor was engaged to jefferson davis. he was 18 years her senior. they had six children and 4 sons and 2 daughters. none of the sons live to there a doll years. margaret, whose monument is the angel in the open pages of the bible. 18margaret is the only child wo married and had children, and continue to be buried at this site today. jefferson davis died in new orleans and was buried at metairie. you was reburied in hollywood in davis chose the site for the family burial ground. the first saturday in june each year, the sons of confederate veterans, celebrate the birthday of jefferson davis with cannons, guns, and flags.
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we're finishing our tour of hollywood cemetery at the presidents circle. the centerpiece of the president circle is the tomb of james monro, our fifth president. james monroe was born in westmoreland county, virginia, had a home near charlottesville called ash lawn, and was a veteran of the american revolution. we are at a very exciting time because the tomb of james munro has been out for a year and a half, being restored, assembled and directed in 1858, and over it had to be taken down because 40% of it had to be recast. we were deteriorated. watching the re-assemblage. this was designed by albert live watching the are
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richmonder. james munro, our fifth president, was reburied in hollywood in 1858. he had died 27 years earlier and at marble cemetery in new york. it --during the 1850's, the general assembly of virginia was trying to honor our at marble cemetery in new york. revolutionary statesman by bringing them back to virginia. the monroe family gave their revolutionary statesman by bringing them back to virginia. the monroe family gave their permission and a very large monroe wasuly 1858, removed from marble cemetery in new york and reburied in hollywood cemetery. john tyler is also buried in the president's circle. he was the 10th president of the united states. while he was a president, john minor bots read an impeachment speech against tyler. he thought john tyler was too supportive of state's rights. finished his presidency, he renounced his
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american citizenship and went to work for the confederacy. before he died, he was elected to the confederate congress. years, there was no marker at his grave. 20 years after he died, the state put up a small headstone. in 19 years, there was no marker at his15, the federal got directed the monuments we have at his site today. this is a shaft that has the bust of tyler at the top. there is an urn surrounded by 2 eagles. on the right side of the monument is an allegorical figure of memory who is holding a laurel leaf. are symbols of honor, distinction, and achievement great on the left side there is an allegorical republic with the seal of virginia on republic wie seal of virginia on there, and also, the spheres -- spears on the right side that are symbols of civic authority and
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government. in virginia, died in richmond. he actually left his home and to richmond so he could work for the confederacy, and died in richmond working for the confederacy. all seasonsdied in richmond wore confederacy. all seasons of the year, visitors can be seen walking, taking photographs, sketching, and painting the landscapes, and enjoying the artwork in cast iron stone and stained glass. it is also a place where we renew our acquaintance with th women of american history, who birthed and built our city, state, and nation. >> continuing our look at richmond, this is the city's famed monument avenue with statues honoring confederate war heroes including robert e. lee, thomas stonewall jackson, and jefferson davis. in 1996, african-american star
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-- tennis star in virginia and natives arthur ash was added to the collection. of next, our visit to richmond continues as we travel to the virginia historical society to learn about the state's history. welcome to the virginia historical society. we are standing at the entrance to the story of virginia, which is our long-term exhibition that covers all of virginia history from prehistory to the present day. this is an exhibit meant to show visitors how virginia plays into the broader narrative of american history and international history as well. we're going to begin by looking at a can knew that is roughly 300 years old. this is a symbol of the collision of the two cultures that make up


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