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tv   Lewis and Clark Expedition Collection  CSPAN  July 1, 2017 9:44pm-10:01pm EDT

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org for a complete schedule. all weekend we are showcasing the history of portland, oregon. to learn more about this visit c-span.org/state -- c-span.org/city tour. we continue with our look at the history of oregon. we are in portland, oregon at the lewis and clark library. we will see a range of collections including material representative of the types of things they brought with them on their expedition. material that informed their decisions on the type of expedition they undertook. we will see contemporary accounts of the expedition followed immediately after they returned to washington. we will also see the legacy of the expedition, material that reflects on the expedition from
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100 to 150 years later and romanticizes the expedition. i think the show us the relationship of americans with the idea of the west. we start with material that reflects upon the nature of the century and the unknown from the early 19th and 18th century. we then move forward once the west -- they move forward once the west was beginning to be known. frontier ofg the america. first we are going to learn about the traveling library and the book that lewis and clark and the entire expedition took along with them, at great effort. we are going to talk with the head of special collections about the early accounts of lewis and clark's return. finally, i will talk about some of the 20th century novels and
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intellectual exercises that reflect it on the expedition month later. >> we will start by looking at items from the traveling library that lewis and clark brought with them on their journeys. we have tried to rate -- re-create here at lewis and clark, the library of books that they would have brought with them. about the same volumes were copies and additions they would have had with them. they really shed a light on their interests, concerns and the larger purposes and meaning behind the voyage. the first item is a look by alexander mccamley. he was the first person to cross the north american continent. theent through canada in 1790's. lewis and clark would have brought this book because the wood of encountered some of the
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same challenges and issues that they did. his voyages more daunting than theirs. also collected a lot of indian, native american vocabulary. they were taking that as a model for their own efforts to collect linguistic information from the native americans that they would have encountered, or were expecting to encounter. the first but that we had here is an introduction to not a polish economy. l astronomy. to make a map, they needed to know a lot about latitude and longitude. that was a difficult operation at that time. lewis never mastered it, but they did bring with them not
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just kelly's book, but lengthy tables and charts of the positions of the spherical bodiesand astronomical as they would have appeared at the time. that was a way to trace longitude and measure differences between the moon and the stars, and other bodies. they never quite fully mastered but they create it what was eventually a very successful map of the american west that clark put together. when they first arrived in oregon they were understandably ecstatic as the long journey had reached its destination. clark first saw the pacific ocean, although it turned out it was not the pacific, but they were close, he wrote in his joy."l famously "ode the
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1805.as in november of it was a great deal of ecstasy. spent the next several months in oregon along the coast, a little bit inland from the coast. winter, they rainy claim that only seven or eight days had in without rain that winter. the complained a lot about food. they had trouble finding things to eat. they laid off -- they lived off elk meat. because the weather was so damp they cannot try the mean -- dry the meat. it was often stolen. i look back to the nostalgia of their previous winter, which they spent in what is now north dakota, which was very cold.
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sometimes 40 degrees below zero. at least they had money of game to live off of, and a variety of things they could eat. they were not an armored with edeir time in oregon -- enamor with their time in oregon, despite arriving there. the links that they went do to keep this dry during what was a watery journey, they had jefferson who taught lewis how to wrap books in oilcloth. they had some kind of drum or the bookshey stored in. they had the 17 volumes of books they were bringing with them. they had 30 volumes of journals that they themselves wrote in. keeping these things dry was a major challenge.
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the fact that they -- the only other being that they needed -- things that they needed to keep dry was their gunpowder. that shows how important these things were to them and how seriously they took the whole project of recording knowledge and being influenced by these books. following from his description on the preparatory material for the lewis and clark expedition. in 18 oh expedition returned the to philadelphia -- 1806 expedition returned back to philadelphia. 33 men were along -- among that. several men were encouraged to keep a journal along the way. along with lewis and clark who cap meticulous journals along the way, which consolidate their
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times during the journey into more finalized lots on their experience. upon return in 1806, lewis had collected all of the other journals and data and begun working on taking the information and putting it together for the official report. unfortunately lewis passed away before he could finish putting out this final report. that point the journal and all of his information made its way that the philadelphia where a man took all the information and started to assemble it into a final report. in 1814, 8 years after the finallyon itself, we get the official report of the expedition of the core discovery as the government publication. this is mostly statistical data and the native americans they encountered and the resources
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that they might use for future explorers were people moving into the area. in 1814 we saw these two volumes come into publication that shows all of this information in an official report. there was 1417 copies. this is one of about a dozen copies known to exist from the original that was originally published with a simple stamp. it is not bound in leather or a personal copy. it is a rob publication version -- raw publication version. it is still a little bit better than the rough copies. this is the official report of the lewis and clark expedition. nearly 100 years after the expedition, in 1893 a man by the name of elliott, who was interested in the expedition it's self, but had an interest that went beyond looking at the official report. he was more interested in the
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original narrative of the expedition. he went to philadelphia where the original journals are kept, and asked if he could borrow them to put them out as a volumes thaties of had the transcriptions of the original journals. people were interested in the historical and narrative approach of the expedition could read them and the original version. journalshe original that to washington dc and hired a woman by the name of mary anderson. she made an exact copy of all of the journals of lewis and clark. this represents one volume of that. what is interesting is that mary anderson was paid $150 to hand copy all of the journals. this is the only one known to exist. here you can see her incredible craftsmanship of copying the
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text exactly how lewis and clark would have written it, and copying in illustration they would have done. a fish they discovered and did a drawing in the original journal. she had made an exact copy. apart from this and the original journals in philadelphia, it is basically the whole representation of looking at the actual journals themselves. after the excitement around the initial reports, there was continuing interest that died down over the course of the 19th century. in the 20th century there was a huge in searching -- and surging in the american west. lewis and clark expedition specifically, the attention of a lot of fiction authors and nonfiction writers. one book that emphasizes julia's roles and puts it in the center
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"conquest"dition is done by a woman from oregon. sacagawea's role in the expedition. aother important figure is slave of william clark who accompanied the party over the pacific ocean and that. he is not well accounted for in the original journals or any of the other contemporary accounts of the expedition, but we are working to see a better expedition of him. he really, unlike sacagawea, begin to capture the imagination of modern scholars and fiction writers. more recently, a lot more has been done. his position on the expedition was an unusual one.
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he had a lot of freedom as he came with the expedition west, including, as that mentioned earlier, the right to vote on where the camp made winter accommodations and to carry a gun. when they got back to the eastm= went -- when they got back to the east, when other members of the party were awarded land to think them for their efforts, it york, as a slave was not given a reward. at that time, once the media back he asked for freedom but was not granted his freedom. he continued his slavery. in the 19th century, like sacagawea he is -- for his unusual status and the west for his african-american status. he was made into a clownish character.
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this myth grew around him but in thelost traction story and is really only beginning to emerge again with enthusiasm from the academic community. for the college, this is one of our many sections that help us explore how history is .eceived not only do we have the books we spoke about in the beginning that gives us the sense of usive, but they also let see how historians have related with that event from moments after lewis and clark return, to the present moment. we see accounts of the expedition, which really, as much as they reflect on lewis and -- what lewis and clark did,
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a reflects on their own moment in time. i think that offers a useful filtersation of the that we as historians put on as we study, and let us put on our own prejudices and intentions will we totally story from the past. that is what i think is exciting about having popular reaction to the expedition of lewis and clark. ranging a moments or years after they returned up to this day and a must every decade in between. it think it is a really useful sense of what we bring to history. >> our city staff travel to portland, oregon to learn about its rich history. learn more about oregon at
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