tv Lewis and Clark Expedition Collection CSPAN July 2, 2017 2:26pm-2:43pm EDT
collects all weekend on american history tv it is featured portland, oregon. the cities to her staff recently visited a site focusing on the history. they use their location along the columbia and portland river to become the center for trade in the pacific northwest. today they generate about $15 billion annually in imports and exports. learn more about portland all weekend on american history tv. >> the art in portland oregon and we are in the upstairs of the reading room. to date we are going to see collections from the lewis and clark collection. exhibit withhe them on their expedition.
see contemporary accounts of the expedition that followed immediately after their return to washington. there also going to see legacy of the expedition. 150 yearsals from later and the offense of the expedition. and us thes developing relationship between americans idea of the west. that is with material about adventuring from the early 19th century. once the west was beginning to it was a more scientific and knowledge-based understanding of the frontier of america. first we are going to learn about the traveling library.
then we are going to talk to a assistant director about early accounts and finally i will talk exercises that reflect on the expedition. we are going to start by looking at items from the traveling library that they brought with them on their journey. theave tried to re-create library books if they would have brought with them. the same volumes, they are copies of the same additions that they would have had with them. they really shed a lot of like about their interests and concerns. purposeas the larger behind the voyage. this is a book by alexander
mackenzie. actually the first person to press the american continent. 1790's he went to canada. they would have looked up to him because he wanted and head of the same challenges that they did. anyway his voyage was more daunting than theirs. he also collected a lot of indian, native american vocabulary. they were taking that as a model for their own efforts. the third book that we have here is a introduction to nautical astronomy.
some of the things they were charged with was making a map of the american west. they had to know about collecting longitude and latitude. difficultnitially a strategy at the time. they did not do this just based on his book but also with lengthy tables and charts. spherical bodies and astronomical bodies that would have appeared at different times and they appear to be able to trace longitude by measuring the of the moon and the stars and other celestial bodies. they never really mastered this technique but it was key to creating what was a very successful map of the american west the clerk put together. when they first arrived in
oregon they were understandably ecstatic that this long journey had reached its destination. when clark first saw the pacific , he wrotey were close in his journal famously that this was a joy. there was a great deal of ecstasy at the time. discovery spent the next few months in oregon along the coast. they quickly grew disenchanted with the very rainy winter. that they had only been seven or eight days without rain. they had trouble finding things to eat. they lived basically on elk meat and roots.
the weather was not dry enough to dry the meat. it was often in the process of spoiling. it was very cold sometimes 40 degrees below zero. they had plenty of game to live off of and a variety of different things to eat. exactly enamored with their time in oregon. another interesting thing is the link that they went to preserve these books and keep them dry during what was a watery journey. been taught how to wrap books and oil cloths. ory had some kind of drums
boxes that they stuck the books in. volumes ofad 30 journals that went with them. keeping things drive was a major challenge. only other thing they went to keep dry it was gunpowder. this is how seriously they took of recordedoject knowledge. as well as being influenced by these books. >> with their driveway and for the lewis and clark expedition in 1806 the expedition returned byk to philadelphia followed
the trip to the pacific ocean. or that seven men were asked encouraged to keep a journal for their expedition. they were asked to keep meticulous journals on the way. into more finalized but stated upon returning in 1806 they had begun working on taking all of for the corps of discovery. unfortunately lewis base -- passed away in the console before he could finish putting up his final report. at that point in time the journals themselves made their way back to philadelphia where a man took over the information and began assembling it into a final report.
in 1814, this was eight years after the expedition itself we finally get the final report of the expedition as a government publication. and is mostly physical data information on the native americans they encountered. and what may be used by future explorers for those in the area. is a two mindset that gets publication that is the official report. the official publication for this was 1400 copies. what you see here is one of about a dozen copies that exist. was a simple static front, it was not bound in leather, it is not a personal copy by any means. it is a rough publication. othera bit rarer than the versions that are out there. again this is the official
report that reported on the expedition. nearly 100 years after the who wason in 1893 a man interested in the expedition itself but had a interest that went beyond looking at the who was morert interested in the narrative of the expedition. he went to philadelphia where the additions were cap and he asked if he could put them out volumeslished series of and actually had the transcriptions of the journals themselves. people who are interested in the historical and the narrative approach of the expedition could read them in their original version. what he did, he took the original journals back to washington dc and he talked to somebody to make a direct copy of the journals.
this represents one volume of that series. what is interesting about these is that she was paid $150 to hand copy a exact duplicate of these hurdles. this is the only one known to exist. here you can see her incredible craftsmanship of copying the text exactly as they wrote it. then copying a illustration they would have done. she had made a exact copy. apart from this and the original that is in philadelphia basically the whole representation of looking at the journals themselves. after the excitement around the initial report of the expedition there was continuing interest over the course of the 19th century. a the 20th century there was huge resurgence of interest in the american west.
expeditionlark's specifically caught the attention of a lot of fictional officers -- authors and nonfiction writers. is conquest written by a woman from oregon which really emphasizes or possibly invents sacagawea's role in the journey. another person we do not know is a man who accompanied the party. accounted for in the original journals or any of the other documentation that exist. we are working up to gain a understanding of him. some of our collection has him.
we are only beginning to capture the imagination of modern scholars and fiction writers. done, toe has been think about his role. his position on the expedition was a unusual one. he has a lot of freedom as he ase with the expedition west mentioned earlier he had the right to vote on with they would camp. eastthey got back to the ofn all the other members the company were awarded 300 acres of land he was not given any award. at that time he asked for his freedom but it was not granted. he remained in slavery. likee 19th century
sacagawea he was mythologized by some point for his unusual status in the american west is a african american. was turnedgawea he into a foolish character that may not have interacted with anyone outside his race before. this myth grew around him. it is only really beginning to emerge again with sort of enthusiasm from the academic community. for the college this is one of areas that help us explore how history is received. do we have how this thoughts about the beginning of intellectual grounding it also
let us see how historians have related with that event from the earliest moments of the expedition. we see a cancer of the expedition. that moments relationship with the past, that is a very useful demonstration of what we as on to let ust interrogate our own preconception and prejudices as we test stories from the past. i think that is what is really exciting about having popular from this daying two decades in between. i think it is a very useful sensible we bring to history.
>> all weekend long american history tv is joining our comcast cable partners to showcase portland, oregon. to learn more about the cities on our two or visit c-span.org/cities to her. we continue now with a look at the history of portland. >> 2017 he was born 1917. this exhibit is called high hopes, the legacy of john fitzgerald kennedy. we begin the exhibit with his wife. life and knows how his spirit we wanted to get that out of the way first. the cbs soapshow opera w