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tv   John F. Kennedy at 100  CSPAN  December 20, 2017 10:00am-10:19am EST

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that. he was also someone who did not take advice very well. he consequently said things and even did things that hurt the cause of communism for some time. >> q&a, sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span. next the historical society museum gives a tour of the exhibit high hopes shs the journey ofkennedy, including achievements in office. we'll see items that belong to him. 2017 is the john kennedy centennial. he was born may 29th, 1917. so this exhibit is called high hopes, the journey of john kennedy. we made the decision to begin the exhibit with the end of president kennedy's life. everybody knows unfortunately how his life ends. we wanted to get that out of the
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way first. we begin with a big. tv screen that shows the cbs soap opera that was running on that day in november on tv and as you walk by the tv, it interrupts the soap opera with the iconic footage announces the president's passing. with cronkite becoming emotional taking his ghass off and having to catch his breath. our focus is not on kennedy's death. it's on kennedy's life. this part of the exhibit examines one of the most iconic parts of his life, his world war ii service. he became a hero and contained some amaze iing items includings actual signed letter where he requests duty, to serve in the military. specifically says he wants to serve on the pt boat. the signed letter here. this flight logbook is believed
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to be the only evidence that exists that he took flying lessons. after the recover rd from his back injury somewhat, while he was still on duty in florida, he took flying lessons for awhile. this was the logbook signed twice. he did a solo flight is and it's speculated that he stop ped the trining after his older brother was killed in a plane explosion in 1944. we wanted to be sure that highlights certainly what was one of the most important parts of his life. the incident where he became a war hero that helped in his election to congress a few years later and also left him with a bad back that would plague him the rest of his life. president kennedy found some relief from his back injury by sitting in a rocking chair. so once that was discovered, they ordered rocking chairs in
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the kennedy world. one for the compound in florida, the white house and then it became so known with president kennedy they gave away rockers to friends. this rocker was given by president kennedy to the former governor of new york who served as undersecretary of state in the kennedy cabinet. one of my favorite items here in the exhibit actually predates the presidency is this beautiful water color painting he did when he was recovering in palm beach, florida, from one of his back surgeries. he took the time to paint the kennedy estate, the kennedy compound. i can't draw stick figures, so i think this is pretty good. the painting here and the letter that was sent to a friend of his just really a rare u item to have an item that the president actually painted. this is really one of a kind item. really remarkable item.
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it's the thank you note that jfk and is jackie sent the woman who planned their wedding, which was one of the biggest weddings of the year in rhode island. a truly social event of the year. kennedy takes one side of the letter saying i hope you're not going to write a book and tell us. jackie in her perfect penmanship writes a beautiful note. i think i did less work on my own wedding than any bride in history. just really a remarkable look. this couple after their marriage, they were in los angeles for their honeymoon and took time from there to write this note. oregon was one of the first states to have a national presidential primary creating one back in the 1920s. in the 1960 oregon was still one of the few states to have a primary. most state delegations to conventions were controlled by the bosses, the big city mayors
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or had a primary and kennedy as they prepared to run for the presidency knew oregon would be a critical election. if you were to get the nomination. so this section here highlights his visits to oregon as he prepared to run for president and as he ran for president. a couple letters here to a fellow who was a local democrat official from 1959 way before he announced his candidacy. but obviously laying the ground work for a campaign. he came out to the aflcio convention here. before he announced his candidacy, laying the ground work for his run for the presidency. i tin rare here of one of his trips to oregon. he was laying the groundwork coming to oregon. he came again in 1959. then in 1960 after he announced
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his candidacy, oregon u.s. senator wayne morris announced his favorite son candidacy for the presidency. and kennedy took a risk thinking if he could beat morris in oregon, beat morris in his home state, he could show his national appeal. in may of 1960 he beat morris here in oregon. that was a key victory on his road to the nomination. kennedy wanted to run in every primary to show he could win. and some key early victories were in wisconsin and west virginia to show that a catholic would win in a protestant state. then he came out here to oregon hoping to show he could win out west and running against wayne morris. kennedy thought the key to his victory to getting the nomination would be to win in every different region of the country showing that even as a catholic, which was a thought to be a huge detriment back then. one of the items here in the
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exhibit is this letter from the head of the masons. saying people should oppose k kennedy because he is a catholic and he would be subject to the demands of the pope in the vatican. one of the items from the collection is this newspaper. it's the front page of the morning news. it's one of the lst things president kennedy has ever signed. he signed it for the maid in the hotel. who had this paper and asked him to sign it. interestingly enough, the newspaper contains a map of the motorcade. where it was going to go in dallas. something that i would probably not be allowed today given the
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secret service's concerns. the head line, the texas democrat party was going through an epic bat. l at that time between the conservatives in the liberals of the party. a senator from texas was more on the liberal side. the governor more on the conservative side. and one of the reasons kennedy visited texas was to hopefully to bring peace to the democrat party there before the presidential election the next year when he would be running for reelection. certainly one of the most unforgettable moments of that whole time period surrounding the kennedy assassination occurred two days after the assassination on november 24th when the dallas police were transferring lee harvey oswald from one jail to another. tv was covering that transfer live. this cbs tv camera from the
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affiliate in dallas at the time was in the basement and filmed the transfer. during the transfer was when bar owner jack ruby emerged from the crowd and murdered lee harvey oswald on live television. this is the tv camera when they were apparently the size of a volkswagen that actually filmed that historic incident. we're just in some kennedy family. jackie, children, just some personal items here. this two letters here that jackie kennedy wrote to margaret, who was the wife of kennedy's defense secretary. very personal note. this is in july 1964. jackie had decided to move she and the children to new york city to seek a new life. she wrote her a note and this is the handwritten reply from
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jackie where she says she must attempt to start a new life. i don't have great hopes for it, but i know it will be better for the children. such really a heart rendering line. and years later, jfk jr. while in the white house became the publisher of a magazine and became a public figure himself. in 1988, at the age of around 28, he introduced his uncle teddy at the 1988 democrat convention in atlanta. these are the handwritten remarks of his introduction. he begin bis saying thank you, mr. speaker, this is a great honor. when i was first asked to introduce senator ken dirks i felt very proud. then i discovered that all the rest of my cousins weren't returning teddy's phone calls. they were out campaigning for office themselves.
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a great opening line. this was really one of the first times when jfk jr. came up on the national scene again. introducing his uncle and given the tragic end to his life a decade later as a heart rendering item to look at. a lot of people is have their own story. everybody of the right age remembers exactly where they were when they heard that president kennedy had been assassinated, had been shot. folks coming here and remember his visits here they were young enough to remember when they were campaigning. everyone has a connection or relationship it seems to be with their u own story, their own involvement with kennedy or the kennedy family, whether they saw him in person or just saw him on tv. i think leaving here people want to go away with a respect for the remarkable life he led. certainly he was not perfect.
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we know that today, but appreciate from the generation of americans that he came from. the service in world war ii and then devoting his life to public service. his family was wealthy. he could have done anything he wanted to, but he chose to devote his life to public service. a congressman, u.s. senator and then president. and go away with an appreciation for what a time it was in american history in the early '60s. you go away knowing about the peace corps, about the movements for civil rights, the space race, cold war, a time when america came as close to nuclear war as it ever has. just an appreciation for the challenges that kennedy faced, how he met those challenges, people sometimes go away wondering what if he had not gone to dallas. how would history have been different had he continued to serve as president. coming up later today, the
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house rules committee will meet to consider a rule governing debate of legislation to extend section 702 of the foreign intelligence surveillance act. it authorizes the intelligence community to target phone communications of non-u.s. persons located outside the u.s. live coverage at 4:00 p.m. eastern on c-span 3. you can also watch online at c-span.org or listen with the free c-span radio app. this weekend on american history tv on c-span 3, saturday at 8:00 p.m. eastern on lectures in history, american university professor aaron bell talks about privacy laws and federal surveillance of civil rights leaders. >> here's the head of the operations william sullivan shortly after march on washington and famous i have a dream speech. we must mark king now if we have not before as the most dangerous negro in the future of this
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nation from communism, the negro and national security. >> sunday at 4:30 p.m. eastern, former members of congress and vietnam war veterans reflect on lessons learned and ignored during the war. >> we learned that limits of military power. we learned that as a society, as a culture that you can't kill an idea with a bullet. >> "american history tv," this weekend only on c-span 3.
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in a moment we expect to hear remarks from theresa may. she's speaking to the house of commons committee on a number of issues today. britain's sky news is reporting the prime minister's appearing before the committee of mps for the first time in a year. she will be quizzed on brexit, health and social care, tackling inequality and sexual harassment. coming hours before parliament breaks for christmas, her appearance marks the end of a year where opposition mps and some in her own party predicted her demise. after calling a general election, she insisted she wouldn't losing her commons majority and ensuring a disastrous party conference speech many forecast she would not survive until crihristmas. although she bounced back with the early morning brexit deal, she clinched in brussels ten
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days ago. she was rocked by a damaging rebellion and government defeat in the commons. the committee made up of the mps is headed by dr. sara wallaceston who is one of the mps who rebelled last week. we hope to hear from theresa may returning to iron out technical issues. if we get those taken care of, we'll bring you live remarks from the british prime minister and that should happen in just a moment. coming up later today, the
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archives have released documents related to the john f. kennedy ast assassination. many were held by the fbi for alleged national security reasons. the document releases are mandated by the president assassination records collection act of 1992. and will continue into 2018 though some of the documents contain redactions. next on american arty dpakts from 2014, our visit to the national archives to learn about the assassination records and to see some of the iconic artifacts such as lee harvey is oswald's rifle. the magic bullet and the 8 millimeter film of the assassinati assassination. our guard is martha wagner, who manages the staff and maintains the records. >> the president john f. kennedy assassination records collection was created because of the president kennedy assassination
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records collection act of 1992. so since the time of the assassination, there's been numerous official investigations starting with the commission and some congressional investigations. the committee looked into it and house committee on assassinations. then in the early '90s there was a movie that koim out and at the end of that movie, he made a point of saying that all the records have been available. >> mr. chairman, members of the subcommittee, my name is oliver stone. it is with pleasure and some pride that i urge the passage of house joint resolution 454. >> so the purpose of the act was to make sure that all of the records that were considered assassination related were collected. >> we'll leave our programming

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