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tv   Frederick Douglass Bicentennial Congressional Ceremony  CSPAN  March 10, 2018 7:05pm-8:01pm EST

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advertising and getting the locals better involved in history. staffcer: our cities tour travel to shawnee, oklahoma to learn more about its wrist -- about it rich history. learn more about other stops on our tour on c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american history tv, all weekends, every weekend on c-span3. on americanext history tv, house majority leader kevin mccarthy hosted a ceremony to commemorate the 200th anniversary of african-american abolitionist frederick -- frederick douglass's birth. chris vanncluded hollen, eleanor holmes norton, and a douglas descendent. this is about 50 minutes.
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i want to thank everyone for joining us to celebrate the 200th anniversary of a great american, frederick douglass we are honored to have with us. two descendents of frederick douglass. betty washington douglass is the great granddaughter of booker t. washington, and the great great granddaughter of frederick douglass. that ken morris, the next generation in line for these monumental men will share his story later. the birth ofer frederick douglass, let's applaud that. [applause] rep. mccarthy: 200 years after the birth of frederick douglass, i believe it is fitting to ask why do we remember him? his achievements, for what he suffered, for his oratory and his writing, for his principles.
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we remember him for all of that. but why he of all men who wrote, spoke, suffered an accomplished? toelieve we are attracted douglas most because of the kind of man he was. in his youthful years, douglass was a slave, taught to read with a heart born for freedom. broken in the cruel system, every wind of the lash to breed servitude was likely to sow the seeds of fairness. but he achieved his freedom. there was no purpose in preserving the union conceived in the original plan of slavery. he earned the constitution. having lived bondage, he saw that the constitution promises of a more perfect union was alive. how many could indoor such people without giving an to the hopelessness and hatred?
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but he did not give up hope. he could not corrupt himself with the same sins of those who worked against him. slowly, he took off the great weight of his distress without ever sacrificing the clarity of moral truth. he came to see our nation's sounding not as the protector of slavery, but the foundation of the demise of that great people. in the faith that mankind could change through great struggle. he loved this land, the bright blue sky, her fertile fields and mighty lakes and star crowned mountains. no, he could not hate this land. he could not hate its people, he could not hate its principles. as he wrote, i cast on my care upon god. i have finally found my burden whitened in my heart relieved -- my burden lightened and my heart
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relieved. i love all mankind, slaveholders not accepted. we remember doug was because of that choice -- we remember douglass because of that choice. he chose not to destroy, but to redeem. through to redeem not ideas, but through actions and a general love of his fellow man. in the face of those who beat and whipped him, he knew in his heart the words of dr. martin luther king before they were ever spoken. let no man hole you so low as to hate him. every american knows we have a complicated history. filled as human existences with contradiction. yet at the root, america is beautiful.
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the promise of america should be realized in full by being purified in practice. but we must know that we can only hold to that promise and we, asat demand if frederick douglass date, love america, its constitution, it's prince of polls -- its principles, and its people. our nation honors frederick douglass because of his struggl in his life. he taught us all what it means to be an american. thank you. [applause] mr. richmond: i am the chairman of the congressional black caucus, which represents almost 78 million americans across this country. today, i say to you, good afternoon and happy black history month. i want to thank my republican
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and democratic colleagues who are with us today for this very historic celebration. our democratic leader, nancy pelosi, is here as many of you know. baltimore, which is where frederick douglass escaped slavery, and i want to thank her for her strong, steadfast principles and purposeful leadership of our caucus. thank you, leader pelosi. [applause] mr. richmond: also, we have our democratic whip, steny hoyer. steny is from maryland and ameone who proudly displays portrait of frederick douglass in his offices and loves to talk about this great son of maryland. one of his favorite sayings is a quotation about the importance of investing in education, particularly at the early childhood level. the quote is, "it is far easier to build strong children than to repair broken men."
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-- i thineny for steny forgiving frederick douglass alive in the halls of this congress. [applause] mr. richmond: the life and legacy of frederick douglass is something that should never be a partisan issue, and i hope that continues. today, we celebrate the birthday of a man who, like many slaves during his time, new almost nothing about the day he was born. he wasck douglass new born in 1818, but he never knew the month or the day. he is quoted as saying, i have no accurate knowledge of my age. never having seen any accurate records containing it. later, he decided february 14 would be the day he would celebrate, and here we are, all on february 14 in the halls of congress, celebrating the life and legacy of frederick douglass.
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just a few minutes away from the home where he died in a southwest washington, d.c. in few hours awaya from the maryland plantation where he was born a slave. frederick douglass overcame obstacles that no man nor woman nor child should ever have to overcome. he was born into slavery. in addition to knowing very little about the day he was born, he knew very little about the woman who gave birth to him because he was separated from his mother at an early age. the wife of one of his masters started teaching him to read, but stopped when her husband disapproved. he therefore had to teach himself how to read. he escaped slavery at the age of 20. he was working in a baltimore shipyard at the time, and disguised himself as a sailor to escape. "i feltoted as saying, a short but if i failed, my case would be a hopeless one.
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it would seal my fate as a slave forever." she wrote this in his autobiography. this was his second attempt at becoming a free man. as he escaped slavery, he became one of the most well-known leaders of the 19th century. he fought for the rights of both african-americans and women. frederick douglass is story is testament to the resolve of african-americans. always makeicans away out of no way and make the possible -- and make the impossible possible. he is also a testament to african american patriotism, which has been in question in recent months. african have loved this country even when it hasn't loved us. in fact, we fought this country in order to fight for this country, and we have throughout history saved this country from itself. slavery, jim crow, lynchings are
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just a few of those examples. in a letter to newspaper publisher horlick -- horace greeley, frederick douglass wrote, i am one of those who think that the best friend of a faithfullye who most rebukes her for her sense. we would be wise to remember his words now. frederick douglass was an american patriot who truly made this country great, and we should celebrate his life and legacy today and every day. thank you, and may god bless you. [applause] sen. scott: good afternoon. i have the pleasure of representing the great state of south carolina. i am so happy to see a bipartisan coalition of members of the house and senators here today. it is always good to see the speaker of the house, paul ryan, who is here with us. thank you very much.
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[applause] sen. scott: as i think about the memory of frederick douglass, i also think about the challenges that he faced. the nation he lived in. the man who was born in bondage, but his spirit was always free. it was a matter of time before he would experience it physically. as i think about our responsibilities today to remember the legacy of frederick douglass, it is not simply to celebrate a life lived in struggle and success, but to remember the responsibility that leaders today have to build upon the foundation that he that focuses on economic freedom and the power of education as two of the key pillars to make sure this nation lives up to its fullest potential by making sure that americans trapped in distressed
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communities experiences freedom, freedom that so many, so many before us died to purchase. how often,nk about womenny nights men and pped, deniedi education. and yet, the indomitable spirit of men and women like frederick douglass rose to the occasion and created a path, burned not with fire, but with sweat, with tears, and with blood. those are our forefathers of this great nation. those are the men and women that , and theno celebrate
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arise up as leaders of this nation and go into places where live.ny of our brethren to look his memory is forward with the responsibility saying it is my responsibility to be my brother's keeper. [applause] >> mr. speaker, other distinguished colleagues, ladies , i am proud to represent the sixth congressional district of south carolina. speaking to an audience in
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montgomery, alabama in 1957, martin luther king jr.,'s 89th birthday we celebrated last month -- whose 89th birthday we celebrated last month, said this. life's most persistent and urgent question is, what are you doing for others? in my not so humble opinion, no american who ever lived answered that question more productively than frederick douglass. born into slavery a few miles from here on maryland's eastern frederick818, douglass became a fugitive from injustice in 1838, and lived in tohester, new york from 1847 1872. he became a lion of the women's suffrage movement, and was
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in 1848.t seneca falls at the international conference for women in 1888, douglass urged the men present to "get out of her way." [applause] and let the women lead suffragette movement. lion of thee anti-slavery crusade. slaverymalls, born into in a south carolina in 1839, was enamored with an influenced by frederick douglass. onlls escaped from slavery way13, 1862, and made his
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to washington dc. later that year, smalls accompanied and sat next to frederick douglass at a meeting with abraham lincoln to discuss the plight of blacks in america. according to the calendar, this meeting took place while lincoln was contemplating and discussing with his cabinet the issuance of the amassed -- of the emancipation proclamation. many.ss was idealized and -- idealized by many. one of whom was a young man who made a pilgrimage, a self-described pilgrimage, to calleder to visit who he the prime man. according to him, it was an idea
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like meeting. said, both the hero and the hero worshiper were in their elements. he would go on to become the first african-american to enroll in an graduate from harvard university. p became the first andcan-american professor librarian at the university of south carolina, which i proudly represent. the 200lebrate anniversary of his birth and prepared to commemorate the 50th anniversary of martin luther king junior's death, let's 'sflect upon douglass immortal words. hose who profess
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to favor freedom yet allow education want crops without plowing the ground. they want rain without thunder and lightning. without thee ocean role of its waters. this trouble may be a moral one, for it may be a physical one, both moral and physical, but it must be a struggle. power concedes nothing without a demand. it never did, and it never will." [applause] >> thank you.
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i am one of the cosponsors of the bicentennial bills. frederick douglass was born a slave in maryland. , hee humble beginnings persevered and rose to become a fierce advocate for liberty and equality, the father of the abolitionist movement, a prolific author, a gifted its men, and ultimately a true icon of american history. he was an american hero who left a permanent imprint on our nation's's history, and is sure one of maryland's sons. i am honored to be here on what birthday to 200th celebrate his life and legacy. last september, i had the privilege of observing -- of visiting a plantation where frederick douglass spent parts of his childhood. it was humbling to experience and see firsthand the circumstances under which frederick douglass and the other enslaved people's lived.
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for me, that experience highlighted the awesom ness of his accomplishments. his perseverance, and his dedication to the pursuit of equality and justice truly embodied the american dream. i think it is important to remember that douglass was more than just an abolitionist. he was a true believer in the american promise of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. re justice is, "whe denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob, and to grade them, neither persons nor property will be safe. he truly understood that america is premised on the idea of equal opportunity and equal justice under the law. i look forward to working with my colleagues here in congress
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and my fellow commissioners to celebrate the memory of frederick douglass, and to continue the work toward our shared goals of equality, justice, and freedom. finally, i want to give a thank you to my colleagues from congress who are here today from both sides of the aisle to help pass this legislation creating the bicentennial commission. for president trump for signing the legislation into law, and to speaker ryan for giving me the honor to serve on this commission. i look forward to working with my fellow commissioners to develop programs to celebrate frederick douglass and his life's great work. truly a lesson for all americans. thank you. [applause] congresswoman holmes norton: i represent the residents of the district of columbia, where frederick douglass spent a
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majority of his life as a free man. like many born a slave, frederick douglass did not know his birthday, we commemorate his 200th birthday today, february 14, the day the self-made man posed as his birthday. i am grateful to majority leader kevin mccarthy and congressional black caucus chair frederick richman for organizing this congressional commemoration and to fellow members of the frederick douglass bicentennial commission who will be sworn in today. i think congressman andy harris and senator chris van hollen, on third the law
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establishing the bipartisan commission. douglass's gift to our country was so bountiful, so national, so international in scope that we might pass right over the majority of his life as a free man living in the district of columbia. many new that douglass hill, in home, cedar southeast washington, because it is now a national historic site visited by thousands every year. but who knew that douglass served as howard university even as he traveled for other issues around the country and around the world? douglassthat frederick
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as a district of columbia resident was a staunch republican, the party of his good friend abraham lincoln? who knew that douglass was appointed by three different republican presidents to local positions in the district of to the upper chamber of the d.c. counsel, then as d.c. recorder of deeds, and then as u.s. marshal for the federal and for the district of columbia courts? douglassthat frederick ran in the primary for delegates -- for delegate of the house of representatives, the position i now hold, but was defeated by another republican who became the member of congress.
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who knew that republican searchnts were always in of new ways to use douglass's and norm's talents, appointing him -- enormous talents, porting him as the minister to haiti and to santo secretary a domingo? who knew? who knew that frederick douglass could not live in the district of columbia without becoming a champion for d.c. residents to have the same rights as americans who live in the states? who knew? not even frederick douglass new or current -- knew or could have nation wouldat the
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200th year of his birth in view of a frederick donated by the residents of the city frederick douglass called home. thank you very much. [applause] >> i can't tell you how excited i am to be here today. i would like to thank leader mccarthy for giving me the opportunity to speak today. i would like to take frederick richman of the congressional black caucus for being such a great influence and later even in my life here in congress. i would like to thank all of my colleagues who are here also. today, we celebrate a man who was a fighter. he fought for his own freedom and for human dignity at a time when it was dangerous for a black man to rise up and fight.
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frederick douglass was a legend when he was alive, and is larger than life even today. it is appropriate we celebrate him today on valentine's day. i want to talk a little bit about why i think it is appropriate or us to talk about him today, not just because today is the day he chose to have as his birthday, but as the driving force behind the things he has done. he was born into slavery, and he never wanted to be known as a happy slave. that is why when you see his pictures, he was incredibly turned. he has a serious look on his face -- he was incredibly stern. he had a serious look on his face. he was known as the lion because of his hair and the other part was because people who knew him well also new that he had a heart as big as a lion. i want to tell you about the wet that stuck with me as
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studied frederick -- as i studied frederick douglass. his mother. he remembers his mother as a woman who would like him when he fell asleep, and when he woke up, she was out working. she was gone. she left at a very early age. about hise was asked birthday, he didn't know because he was a slave, and he got to choose his birthday. the part that stuck with me as he says his mother used to call andher little valentine, that is why he chose the viewer 14th -- chose february 14 as his birthday. understand that the reason i think frederick douglass is such a driving force today is what itves him is not the anger, is not the fight, but it is the love that we have. the love that people have shown us in our lives. his mother, his wife who stood
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by him through thick and thin. and when we work today and work to represent the people in our lives, remember it is the driving force. it is not the hate, it is the love. -- the quote i remember about frederick douglass is he said, "it is easier to build strong children than it is to repair broken men." that is what comes from love. it doesn't come from anger. so we can learn something from frederick douglass. on this very special occasion, i would like to honor that life, that legacy of love. frederick. birthday, [applause] sen. van hollen: good afternoon, i am the senator from the state of maryland, and we are very
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proud that frederick douglass began his fight for freedom in the state of maryland, and went on to lead the abolitionist movement and was a great leader in the women suffrage movement as well. it is great to be here with the speakers, and we heard nancy pelosi, thank you for coming together for this really important tribute and occasion. to later mccarthy and to mr. richmond, thank you for organizing this gathering. i am also very honored that we morris junior,en who you will hear from in a few minutes, who is the great-great -great grandson of frederick douglass, and to ken's mother. thank you for keeping the spirit of frederick douglass alive. the two of them just returned from marilyn's eastern shore -- from maryland's eastern shore,
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where there was a tribute to frederick douglass and his spirit of liberty and the change he brought to our country. areall of us marylanders very proud of that legacy. steny hoyer, democratic whip, as well as andy harris, the member from the eastern shore, and of pelosinancy dalessandro from the state of maryland. we want to join the nation in this celebration. i also want to salute eleanor holmes norton for introducing this legislation in the house of representatives, and i was proud to join with her and andy harris in introducing the legislation to establish a commission on this 200th anniversary of frederick douglass's birthday. the purpose of the commission is to better educate the country about the contributions of frederick douglass, and of
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course that will include his contributions to making a difference in the history of our country and the history of the world. becauses also important of the lessons we have learned from frederick douglass, and how they can be relevant to us today. of his fightresult for freedom and the fight of so many in the civil rights movement, we have become a more perfect union. but we also know we have a long journey still ahead to reach that goal. and it was frederick douglass who said, and i quote, "we have al with the past only as we can make it useful for the present and the future." and that is what the charge of this commission is all about. not just the history, but how we
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can make it relevant today. and frederick douglass had lots of good advice for us. it is very relevant at this moment today. many of the statements he gave have already been cited, but to add to those, i would add these. "if there is no struggle, there is no progress. to suppress free speech is a double wrong. it violates the rights of the hearer as well as the speaker. finally, those who profess to favor freedom but depreciate agitation are men who want crops without plowing up the ground." in a frederick douglass's memory, let's keep plowing the ground for freedom and for a more perfect union. [applause]
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>> good evening. and i ams ken morris, the great great great grandson of frederick douglass. [applause] and i am also the great-great-grandson of booker t. washington. [applause] ken: and i am so honored to be with you this evening to commemorate and celebrate the bicentennial of my great ancestor, frederick douglass. and i would like to thank leader mccarthy and frederick richman for bringing us together this evening so we can talk about this great american hero. know, when i introduced myself to people and i say i am
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the great-great-grandson of frederick douglass and the great-great-grandson of her t booker t., -- of washington, not only is it a mouthful to spit out all those greats, it makes me feel far removed. you may be sitting there having a hard time trying to imagine what our connection is to douglass and washington. it is like trying to picture what $1 billion looks like with all of those zeros. but many people knew or know of grandparents, and some of you may even have known a great grandparents. that is how close that feels to both of my ancestors, because my great-grandmother, fanny douglass, with whom i was very years she lived to be 103 old, she met frederick douglass when she was a little girl. and my great aunt, she lived to be 95, she was booker t. washington's daughter. i remember being a little boy
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and sitting on my great-grandmother's lap and she would tell me what it was like to note the man she called the man with the big white hair. she would give me firsthand stories about her father, booker t. washington. one day, when i was trying to wrap my head around the distance between the generations, i had the thought that hands that had touched the great frederick douglass and hands that touched the great booker t. washington had also touched mine. in a sense, even with all those greats, i just stand one person away from history, and i stand one person away from slavery. we are not that far removed from slavery. as president of the douglass family initiative, we have the honor and privilege to dialogue with tens of thousands of students around the country, and the work we do around anti-human trafficking with prevention education and training of
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educators. when we have conversations with students, they tend to think when they look at the great heroes and heroines in the history books that they lived so long ago, it is difficult to imagine they were living people who overcame struggle and obstacles and rose up to really benefit and help the lives of countless people. just a fewocus moments on a period of frederick douglass's life, which is at the foundation of the work we do in education with young people, and getting them to understand the importance of education and freeing themselves from mental bondage. frederick douglass was born on the eastern shore of maryland into slavery. he was born to a black woman who was enslaved and a white man, and it was presumed his master was his father. he never had a pair of pants or shoes until he was seven years old. sleep and acorn
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sack on cold nights -- in a corn sack on cold nights. he only heard his mother four times his whole life, because she lived on a plantation miles away. in order to see her son, she would have to work in the field picking cotton from sunup to sundown, walked 12 miles in the middle of the night, and spend a few precious moments with him until he fell asleep. around the seven or eight years old, he had something he called divine providence in his favor happen. he was chosen from among all the slave children on the plantation to go to baltimore to be the house servant for his master's brother-in-law. when he got there, his lady mistress had never had a slave before, and she didn't know it was illegal to teach young frederick how to read and write, so she began to teach him his abcs. but when his master found out about it, he got angry and forbade the teaching.
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he looked at frederick and looked at his wife sophia and said, you cannot teach a slave how to read and write because if you do, it will unfit him to be a slave. frederick looked at his master and heard that message and said, "if you don't want me to have this, i am going to do everything in my power to gain it. that knowledged would be his pathway to freedom. in honor of frederick douglass's bicentennial, the family initiative has published a special bicentennial edition of his firstive, autobiography, which was first published in 1895 that the library of congress named one of the 88 books that shaped america. in the same way when frederick douglass started to teach himself to read and write, he started to break free from rental bondage and he became unfit to be a slave. he started to ask critical questions about his enslavement
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and he would ask, god, do you mean for me to be a slave for life? because my master puts on a suit every sunday and goes to church he finds abible justification to brutalize, dehumanize, exploit, pillage, and plunder his property, and i cannot wrap my head around what i know is the peaceable christianity of christ. and he would ask questions like, why am i a slave and why do you own me? he is unfitting himself to be a slave. putting the words of frederick douglass in his classic autobiography, "the narrative of the life of frederick douglass" of onee hands million students, which is our plan, we want to inspire and empower the next generation of leaders with the words of frederick douglass. being his descendents, we have had people of all ages and races come up to us, many times with
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tears in their eyes, tears in their eyes because they were introduced to frederick douglass's words. they always remember they were in a certain grade or in college.what they want to say to us is thank you for inspiring me to be a leader in my church, my community, my school, my business. so i know the impact that frederick douglass's words can have on our young people, so we can get them to start thinking about institutions. so when frederick douglass is get from slavery at the age of 20 and settled in new bedford, massachusetts, he wasn't just happy to be in a free state and settle down and get married to our great great great grandmother annamarie douglass. illegald at this institution of slavery. imagine what that must have looked like, to say that the federal government said it is legal to enslave you and illegal to teach you. think goodness for all of us
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that frederick douglass and the other heroines did not turn away from that challenge, or we would be a different country than we are right now. with young people today, we want them to look at these institutions that, in some cases, where stood to make -- systemic racis occurs, we want them in the same way to look and say, how do we go about changing things? how do go about dismantling these institutions so we can be a better country? so that we can live up to the promises that have been afforded to us? the last time i was in this space was in 2013 when we dedicated this magnificent statue back year. and it is good to be back and to talk about frederick douglass,
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and to think about this idea that history lives in all of us. it doesn't just live in me because i dissent from two -- because i descended from two p eople. andgirl raised her hand said, mr. morse, i researched my family tree and found out that my great great great grandmother was born into slavery. she taught herself how to read and write in secret, and then escaped, became a successful is this woman and philanthropist. she said, do you know what that means? before i had a chance to respond , she said, i have greatness flowing through my veins just like you do. [applause] ken: we all have greatness flowing through our veins, and history lives in each of us. but the future depends on how we carry that forward.
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with that, i want to thank leader nancy pelosi for appointing me to the bicentennial commission. i look forward to serving with the other commission members, and thank you all very much. god bless you all. [applause] >> i want to thank ken for that amazing talk and all the speakers. now i would like to welcome all those appointed by the white house, senate, and house of representatives to the bicentennial commission on the stage to take euros of office. if you could come on -- to take your oath of office. if you could come on up?
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>> good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. generalresenting the administration. that is my honor and privilege to confer upon each of you the oath of office as commissioners to the frederick douglass bicentennial commission. please raise your right hands, and please repeat after me. affirmlemnly swear and that i will support and defend the constitution of the united against all enemies, foreign and domestic, that i will be of true faith and
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allegiance, that i take this on certain -- this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of i will well that and faithfully discharge the which if the office on am about to enter, so help me god. congratulations, ladies and gentlemen. [applause] >> i want to thank everyone for
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joining us, and i would especially like to thank our speakers, paul ryan, nancy pelosi, and steny hoyer. and i would like to thank you. you raised an amazing son. [applause] >> i want to thank frederick douglass. weope we go from today, talked about his life, if we could rededicate ourselves to looking at what his struggles the and looking at greatness of this country and striving to make it a more perfect union. i want to thank cedric richmond for being part of this. and to all of you, thank you, and god bless. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2018] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.
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visit ncicap.org] announcer: sunday at 6:00 pm eastern on american history tv's "american artifacts," american cartoonist herbert block. spans 72 years, covering presidents from herbert hoover to george w. bush. see the largest collection of his work house at the library of congress. >> one of the missions of the library of congress is to document the creativity and intelligence of the american people and preserve it for future generations. i think it is a mark of a free society that we can gather opinions with which we do not agree, and collect them and
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preserve them for future generations. there are a lot of countries in the world where nobody would tear do that, and here we are steps from the u.s. capitol, and we have a variety of opinions and a variety of cartoonist, and mr. block is a great example of one of the artists we have collected. announcer: watch "american artifacts" on american history tv on c-span3. monday on c-span's caseark cases, the 1886 is explored. the unanimous ruling was written by stanley matthews found in favor of the laundromat owner and established that equal protection under the 14th amendment applies to immigrants as well as citizens. ruling this case and the
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with a professor of asian american studies at columbia university, and author of "the lucky ones: one family and the extraordinary invention of americans." and the founder and president of the heartland institute. watch landmark cases on 9:00 eastern, c-span.org, or listen on the free c-span radio app. and for background on each case, order your copy of the companion book. it is available for $8.95 plus shipping and handling. and for an additional resource, there is a link on our website to the national constitution center's interactive constitution. each week, american history tv's railamerica brings you archival films that provides context for today's public affairs issues.
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>> the schoolhouse in america is a familiar sight. to many adults, almost too familiar. in sight, but relatively out of mind. when they do think of it, some people know school is a place where children are taken care of. conveniently for them, five or six hours a day, nine or 10 a year. others think of it as a filling station for cramming youthful heads with facts and figures. still, others see schools with a rosy glass of childhood memories. then, there are those who know as a place where the why and how of democracy lives. but what is democracy? can a course be written on it?
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a salute, more than a pledge, greater than patriotism? what is this thing we call democracy? learning to read is more than just that. to recognizearn lies, know the danger of the half-truth. a citizen must be able to speak in his own fashion. >> karen, would you like to read now? >> the statesman must know had to make others listen, how to evaluate and transmit what he believes. foundation of national debate on great issues is built stone by stone in the classroom. weapon,is freedom's fine lines speaking simple truth through the centuries, and sometimes even more important,
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the lament of tens of thousands dying in the gas chambers. the course of history and the way in which the course was changed, there is a relation between then and now. >> perhaps there is a connection between what the men of the constitutional convention achieved here and what all of you did last week when you elected george to represent you on the school council. how about it, george? did the class give you the power to speak for them? >> we tell him what to do. we are still the boss, all of us. >> the housewife taught in this class will know that free citizens must be free from fear. the injustice of the class must kindle the indignation of today -- of the past must kindle the indignation of today. you can watch this
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and other american history programs on our website, where all our videos are archived. that is >> lectures in history joseph crespino talks about how the democratic south became solidly republican. he focuses on the southern strategy. efforts by the republican party to appeal to conservative whites. he also talks about the economic growth of the sunbelt region. his class is about 70 minutes. today i am going to be talking about southern strategy, the republican south and the origins of the modern right. we have been talking a lot in this class about the history of the american south and its relationship to right-wing politics. from the 19

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