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tv   American Artifacts Herblock Political Cartoons  CSPAN  March 11, 2018 6:00pm-6:36pm EDT

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staff recently visited shawnee, oklahoma. learn about other stops at tour. you're watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. c-span, where history unfolds daily. in 1979, c-span was created as a public service by america's cable television companies. we continue to bring you unfiltered coverage of congress, the white house, the supreme court and public policy events in washington dc and around the country. >> archives, museums, and around the country.
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the cartoons are featured in the journal of the white house historical association. he covered presidents from herbert hoover to george w. bush. sarah duke spoke to us about his influence and legacy. >> it was a rest are in -- a western cartoonist. the great before depression. he was a moderate conservative. it pushed him further toward the center. and the injustice of world war ii. joined the newspaper
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association. joined the washington post. his last cartoon appeared on august 26. we have about 14,000 of his editorial cartoons. he did give away cartoons to friends. we have the majority of his output.
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you that see how his career has evolved, his opinions have changed. it gives a sense of how they perceive different presidents and how his style evolved. the next one is about herbert hoover. it shows herbert at the rabid on camp. mr. bloch has depicted hoover leading a couple of capitalists to his camp. and they are fishing. instead of getting economic benefits in the form of cash incentives they get fresh fish to sell.
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it's on a very smooth board. typical of what would have been produced in the midwest at this point in time. the second cartoon is about fdr. mr. bloch has not yet come to a point where he is embracing the democratic party yet. what you are seeing is a cartoon for makes fun of those being unable to add additional toreme court justices implement his plans to improve the economy. we know that ultimately roosevelt prevailed. bloch is making fun of him for
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wasting time when he could have been passing legislation by trying to implement the court plan to add six more justices to the court. here we have both candidates for president in 1948. gesturing to a man who looks like a typical character to show a respectable southern gentleman as he also represents congress. bloch is upset about the changes in the immigration plans implemented in the united states in the aftermath of world war ii. much in favor of letting displaced people immigrate to the united states. he is showing his disapproval of congresses immigration plan.
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rather than embracing their arrival. this is a cartoon about president eisenhower. joseph mccarthy and richard nixon through a smear campaign. what you need to know about this cartoon is it did not run in the washington post. it was a pro-eisenhower paper. they are very adamant about that in his cartoon. they felt mr. bloch's opinion of failing to control mccarthy and went too far.
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we didn't run. it didn't run in the areas mr. bloch was syndicated, the other newspapers. they knew that a cartoon had appeared elsewhere. the washington post ran every single cartoon that he chose to draw after that. we can see mr. r -- mr. bloch's art style and a very loose drawing style. simple board. use white out as a way to
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enhance his image. being guided by president kennedy, he's got budget written in white out. out in his cartoon. kennedy was hard. even as late as 1962. you they haven't found the years looksg nose, he kind of generically handsome. mean mr. bloch can't find faults to pick with him.
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but to some special privileges. people who have benefited. we have lyndon johnson. mr. bloch really admired his war on poverty. admire his war on vietnam. he loved to take johnson quotes and misappropriate them. shows wecular cartoon were willing to go more than halfway. thentended to talk about peace table. bombing up more the vietnamese country.
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between 1972 and 1974. the time president nixon resigned, you opened the pages to see 100 74 cartoons attacking the president on watergate alone. seven comingnext out of the sewer at the eisenhower administration. he gave himeption as a newly elected president, known the collection of the washington post, he never relented. it doesn't mean he attacked it blindly. issues from the
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andgs and the corruption the wiretapping. things he didn't like. and to share it with others. that is the basic role of the editorial cartoon. and a good cartoonist does more than illustrate the news. he gets his point across, or she gets her point across. tape, anthrowing some investigator who is represented by a hound dog. a bloodhound. clutching the most important evidence against him. you can see the bones of some of
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his indicted spirit is. left behind. hen it came to jimmy carter, saw him as a pretty ineffectual leader. it shows carter banging on his own presidential desk while refusing to take a leadership role. that's the most i can say about that. what a better way to show somebody is completely then toual at their job show them at their desk rather than behind it. -- show them in front of their desk rather than behind it. by the time -- it doesn't take
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long to figure out if he say her bloch, you might as well be -- that's how he became to be known as her bloch. herb block.y is he was not a big fan of ronald reagan. are moderate conservative sensibilities, the way the parents brought it up was to take care. he has to look out for the little guy. what he saw with ronald reagan was somebody who was turning a blind eye to the poverty and hunger and other issues in the united states in the 1980's.
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as ronald reagan drives by in his limousine. thinking those people haven't made a bad choice in their lives by not choosing to be rich. and that really good -- that really underscores his opinions that you had to help the poor and you had to understand the properties and institutions and not make assumptions about why people are poor. he do a lot of cartoons about the need to support the poor by providing better housing, better nutrition , better ventricle care -- better medical care. we can see that herb block have some great ideas. the line is not as steady.
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pencil has a tendency to smear in a way that whacks crammed is not. here we have george herbert walker bush. involved in he was the iran-contra scandal. what mr. bloch is showing is while he is denying his involvement in the scandal, the testimony of the people who were are goingpal players to ensnare him anyway. mr. bloch like to draw that president bush with large lips. he was only saying to people, read my lips. here bill clinton is shown in a
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masterful attempt at tight wrote walking -- tightrope walking. miss lewinsky is not labeled .iss lewinsky that may be lost to people who look at the cartoon in the span of time. anybody who opened the post that that was exactly what bill clinton was trying to balance. he was too ill during 9/11 to do anything about that. even though people were --ouraging him and saying that 19th he died in october of 2001. it was an assumption a lot of cartoonists made early in the election and early in the presidency.
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they drew him as stupid. cartoonists that got to live longer came around on that. at this point this is how he is depicting him, under the control of dick cheney and his father. and ignorant about world affairs. this was drawn during the 2000 presidential election. as you can see in the last year and a half of his life, again the ideas are solid. he's coming up with an opinion. and he's able to see a way to express it.
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he is using -- with his pen. the white house as an institution, as a substitute for the sitting president, appears quite frequently in his cartoons when he wants to talk about policy rather than personality. that can be the white house in conflict with congress, because there are separate parts of government. that up in some of his cartoons. it can also be the supreme court, i haven't brought any white house versus supreme court drawings today. the first one we have is from president kennedy's proclamation that in light of martin luther king's march on washington that
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it's time for the nation, a century after the american pharoah -- american civil war, to fulfill its promise. see, he is a strong supporter of that. he shows kennedy on top of the white house proudly waving his proclamation as if it were a banner. the next drawing is very famous. it is something a cartoonist can do. the united states has really strong libel laws. woodward and bernstein had to spend months and find a source to link nixon to the watergate break-in. mr. bloch true footsteps leading directly to the white house.
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other scandals were originated. nixon.areful not to draw this cartoon said you are not really going to run that by you. when he said yes, she went ok. she was prepared for the call she was going to get the next morning when that paper landed on people's front porches. involved in treating negotiations.
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if you know your constitution you know it's not the president who gets assigned treating death assigned treaties. -- assigned treaties. a congressman, a generic that.ssman can't do we haven't agreed to anything yet. bloch is also -- there are constitutional differences between the white house and the u.s. capital. finally when we have a cartoon during the bush administration, ,eorge w. bush administration mr. bloch believes strongly in separation of church and state.
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he believed that funding for religious groups violated that. one way he depicted it, of course, is by showing the newspaper headline. the guy rolling his eye and looking at the steeple of the white house emphasized the point that mr. bloch believed that george w. bush had a strong affiliation with religious groups. christian religious groups in particular. bloch the issues that mr. k drew -- he really believed african-americans deserved an equal chance and equal opportunity. eight years after the board of education, which was supposed to desegregate the public schools and universities, and give inrybody an equal education,
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1962 he pointed out that still was not the case. the countrytates in that still chose to shutter their public schools. we have an african-american girl holding a birthday cake, telling the white gentleman standing next to her that she's eight. and the james crow public school fence.he other side of a would republish this until public schools were accessible to children. he never stopped hammering on race and inequality. this appeared many times to that there was
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not equality everywhere. this cartoon was drawn in the immediate aftermath of the kennedy assassination. john f. kennedy was assassinated on novembery oswald twice second, 1963. this is a face -- this is a fake advertisement. and notice that it is sportsman, kids, maniacs. yet john cartoons --
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that mail ordering gave to business ordering a weapon. you sense the anger in this drawing. the exclamation points, the sarcasm, using the variety of tools. it is mostly textbased. that makesy the text this a particular cartoon. that makes this point in this particular cartoon. -- that makes this point in this particular cartoon. right now we are looking at cartoons from 1967. and we rotate every six months in march and september. what i try to do is select five cartoons that situates them in
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related to the year. , some things tweak that will resonate more successfully with others. we have this cartoon about the redwood forest insult sold to timber and mining interests. mr. block's very first cartoon -- he was in adamant that she was an adamant supporter -- he was an adamant supporter of beauty. johnson escalated the war by increased bombing in north vietnam. mr.ou can see, it was block's opinion that increased
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bombing would lead to more increased bombing. climbing up very cautiously and an increase in step of weapons. it's a really strong graphite drawing. graphite is a lubricant. that is what the white house is peeling off the drawing. --e of it is just gone drawn just gone forever. it really brings that truth to bear. a businessman who holds a web -- a whip.
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this is about consumers, poor consumers that have the money to pay for goods out right. they pay over time and they pay more than 100% of the original costs. not to say that credit card bills, when they are not paid -- promptly this is really about people taking out loans strictly from stores. that is egypt.
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he suffered a crushing defeat at the hand of the israeli six-day war 1967. he is pretrade is having a napoleon complex, when in reality nasser was pulling back hem extremism, realizing didn't have the financial meetwithal and trying to his agenda. charles schultz and herb block were good friends. to honorn did things one another. mr. schulz, not so much in his peanuts cartoons.
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he was a big fan of herb block personally. here we have the time-honored character of snoopy cursing , communists in general. wishing they could bomb more in vietnam. what i want to do is select five cartoons they relate to a series of events or particular events in 1967, something that stands out in his work. in 1967 is stood out how important it was for consumers.
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mr. bloch did a series of cartoons that highlighted the in promotingiduals consumer regulations, better safety for americans area we have the food and drug administration. and americans deceased from inadequate warnings. could he have drawn this cartoon today? i will ask you to be the judge. mr. bloch had suffered a heart attack in 1959 and quit smoking. he never gave up fighting about cigarettes after that. he hated what the industry was doing. here he showed the federal trade commission valiantly.
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give more controls of what they can say. to protect consumers. most people remember ralph nader . in 1957 he took on the meat industry. in order to have stricter regulations about what it is what went into process foods -- about what went into processed foods. upton sinclair and ralph nader were both brought to washington and offered an award by president johnson in improving consumer safety and food products. 1967 that issues in 's attentionrb block
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was overcharging americans for drugs. not everybody was treated the same. some markets, more heavily populated markets come up -- markets, pay less. inadequacyouble --ated to how people the captain's look at all the research we have to do. today ad to imagine time when the seatbelt was not part of the automobile. in 1967 researchers realized americans would be a lot safer in automobiles.
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it would reduce injuries. industry pushed back. the concept for this particular cartoon would be the alibi created extra pressure on the accelerator. of peopleprise a lot that the library of congress houses cartoons. andave 128,000 cartoons 14,000 60 of those by mr. bloch. it was one of the missions of , theibrary of congress document and creativity, the intelligence of the american people. finally, i think it is a mark of a free society that we can gather opinions with which we do collect them and
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preserve them for future generations. of countries in the world where nobody would dare do that. it is an example of one of the collected. people can look at the original in our reading room. anybody can come to the herb block gallery whenever the library of congress is open to the public. >> georgia state university professor talks about his book the legend of the black mecca and the making of modern atlanta. in which he looks at the history of atlanta's black


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