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tv   American Artifacts The Bible in America 1492 -1776  CSPAN  March 24, 2018 10:00am-10:36am EDT

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genetic set of terms to think about a lot of issues. so, did will get more complicated. susan: important to know the history as a gets more complicated. thank you for giving us a brief look at eugenics and african-americans in our society. and american society. thank you for having me. you're watching american history tv, all we can, every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook arid -- facebook. the bible in washington, d.c., which opened on november 17 of 2017 has more than 3000 books on exhibit. the building occupies almost a entire city block. up next, we tour the bible in america exhibit. this is the first of a two-part program. the am the president of
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museum of the bible and we are standing in what is called the impact core. this is the impact of the bible on america and globally but today, we are going to focus on the impact of the bible in america and it is talked about a lot. therite legislation about impact of the bible and separation of church and state and many things have come from that. today we are going to look at some of the undergirding items, documents, manuscripts, printed here and thes founding fathers used to create the government of the united states. also with me as norm conrad. norm put this collection together for us and is here at the museum in washington, d.c.
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and he is going to lead us through and give us some of the details of these items. it is a fascinating look at understanding that. one of our big tourist groups who come and visit the museum, you would think what do they want to see, especially overseas. the bible in america is one of the key pieces they want to visit because they want to under dan, how could the -- understand, how could the bible be the basis for a government? we are one of the few nations that can say that. there is a lot of curiosity and this area gets visited by many people. this is their favorite part of the tour when they are here. the museum of the bible is 430,000 square feet. it is the third largest museum in washington, d.c. it is also the largest museum of its kind in the world. --focus on three major areas
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the impact of the bible, the narrative and the stories and the history. with that, we have seven floors that are open to the public. hereve the vatican involved with the vatican museum. we have the antiquity of authority with their own space -- the antiquity of authority with their own space. when you say, i am going to come next year, what can i expect to be there? these three floors i mention, impact, narrative, and history are somewhat stationary. they do rotate but they are the core of what we do as the museum. another thing we take on is traveling exhibits. we put them under those three umbrellas. story and you big can take a thousand different roads out of it and we are nonsectarian which means we're just telling the story of the bible and let the bible stand on
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its own two feet. unique untos itself. we have taken a highly somatic approach so that not only -- so thathematic approach not only are there great items but people have great interest in the story surrounding that time or that person we are talking about, more so than the item itself. a great, latin medieval manuscript but so many people can read it. there is only so much time you can spend welcome -- looking at it but there is a wealth of time you can spend looking at the historical setting of the day which has shaped history. we have 3000 items on exhibit here. the focus deals with those spent time with
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over 100 academics with -- over four years. that is our summary of the museum of the bible. we can start our tour here and norm will lead most of this since he is the expert. where do we start with the bible in america? you can hear some of the background noise, the ocean, the waves hitting the shore of america. that is where we start. , itfirst opening case here says, coming to america, arriving in the new world, mayflower compact. we talk about these things. in many cases, we have to use a replica or just talk. we found that works well because people have heard about these things. generations have passed.
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the kid, we had to memorize bill of rights, the declaration of independence, the mayflower contract. today, that is not so much emphasized. we had to take that into account and even though we may not have document,wer compact we introduce it and talk about the importance of it. this is where we will start. norm, jump in. >> the first artefact you will be presented with is something known as the bay samba. this will be the first book printed in america in 1640. she p returns -- the puritan were not only immigrants to this new world but they were also scholars.
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translated from the hebrew and the greek, they would present us with the book of psalms. the book beside that is interesting and it is from nathaniel martin. williamhe nephew of bradford, the second lieutenant governor of plymouth. ofng william bradford's work plymouth plantation, he gave us what is known as new england's memorials. this is one of the very first history books printed in america. within that, he included the actual mayflower compact as william bradford presented it in his notes of the plymouth plantation. the question is, what bible did they bring over on the mayflower with them? we know for a fact the captain of the mayflower had a king
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james bible. we know where that is located and we also know they brought another bible known as the geneva bible. what is powerful about this exhibit is this bible along to william bradford, ird mentioned the second lieutenant governor of plymouth -- i already mentioned the second lieutenant governor of plymouth. this bible is controversial because of what it is. in 1560, english puritans fled to geneva and while they were there, they produced what is known as the geneva bible. this is the first english bible that would use the hebrew and the greek in its translation. it is also the first english bible to contain what is known
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as the types that we are from either within the newspaper today -- we are familiar with within the newspaper today. before, we had gothic text. it is also the first bible with study notes and the study notes are what makes this controversial. whene book of daniel daniel refuses to worship the looked innotes say he the eyes of god because he obeyed the law of god over the law of man. if you are a monarchy at the time, you have a book that contradicts your authority. it was not very influential when it came to the monarchy and the church at that time. -- >> ase through here we move through here, a couple of unique features. our wallsnging on throughout this bible america area, a tapestry we had woven.
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we have been told it is the longest tapestry woven in the u.s. it is 274 feet. it is designed by a artist who lives off of maine. it is the story of the progression of the bible through america in a tapestry. it is unique in that regard. if you are just, i've only got 10 minutes, i want to see in 10 minutes, we tell people just walk the tapestry, read the placards we have embedded in the floor, and that will give you a good feel for bible in america in a abbreviated form. that is what this is and the opening one is what sir roger williams -- is said the blood of so many hundreds.
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it is not required or accepted by jesus christ, the prince of peace. -- if we were to tell the story of the good, the bad, and the ugly, the bible was used for many reasons. it was used for man for their own purposes which was not necessarily good. the role, what is the role of the jews of the founding in america? we take that on. what is the role of the african-americans, the spaniards, the french? we take those on. everything has been dumped into one pot and it is a big story without details. we decided we would break those out because each of those groups have their own, distinct story and they are not all good. a lot of persecution and lives
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were lost because of infighting here in america between religious groups. everybody was fleeing that from europe to come here to get away from it and they get here and here we go again. that is a lot of the story that does not get told and it is important. we tell that story here and the tapestry depicts a lot of that. now we are arriving and you can pick anywhere. we pick new england. that is where it all started. it started going through here with some key documents. why do you tell us about a few? as you mention, we are starting in new england which is where the first colonies were settled. the artifacts we have included are land these or covenants or property ownership that has been granted to the colonists from the king at that time.
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we are looking at massachusetts, pennsylvania and we're looking at maryland. we were talking about the religious toleration or in toleration. pennsylvania was founded to be religiously tolerant of the quakers, the baptists, the catholics. all were welcome in this colony which we know is the state of pennsylvania. these are the acts and the laws and the land deed showing ownership. laws, we are showing they are using part of the bible to use as their legislation of how that colony would be founded. over here, as we move forward. maryland laws
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--cted and it is showing maryland was established as a catholic colony. you cannot see it but it is showing maryland being one of the first colonies to enact a religious toleration act. it is showing here that if you ,re blasphemous, the punishment it starts off with a mild beating and then it goes on to a more severe beating and then you would be thrown out of the colony should you continue with what you considered -- with what they considered blasphemy. area, wewe're in this might look at one of these specialty cases down the main aisle. this takes on those early tolerance,lack of slavery that involved enslaving
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,ndians as a commercial trade and the stories are told through the spanish, the french, christopher columbus, and the african-american experience. these are done within timeperiod -- time periods. these are some of the oldest of the stories and many of them date back to the foundations of america. of the look here, some stories and the related to the .panish stories in america deis the work of bartolomeo las casas. he was granted land in cuba. the slave trade would pretty much begin here because the cuban people were amongst the
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first who would be a slaved -- who would be enslaved. he became a monk and has he was preparing his sermon, he became convicted that the enslavement of the people was wrong. although the cuban people were ,ifferent and consider barbaric at least in his eyes and according to scripture, they were equal amongst the europeans. he became, where he once was a ,dversary to the cuban people he then became a advocate and he was start writing to king charles. this is known as the history of the destruction of the indians where he was documenting to king charles and appealing to them, to release the slavery of the people. this isly, they did and
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where they started using the africans and bringing blacks -- andd is slaving them in slaving them -- and enslaving them. we know the english europeans came over and they brought the king james bible and the geneva bible. we have a spanish bible which we believe would have been the latin vulgate. thatve the french bible would have brought over the geneva bible as well. one of the highlight bibles we have within the museum, there are only estimated about 18 of these in the world and we have two of them. this is the first bible ever printed in america. quits known as the algon indian bible with the wampanoag dialect.
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they came over to reach the indigenous people. he learned their language. the indigenous people weren't literate in the form of writing in caves but they did not have a so elliottguage would use the geneva bible, would learn their dialect, develop a syllabus, and translate the bible into their language for the sole purpose of reaching them to convert them into christianity. interestingly, the financing came from england which was the first bible for the propagation of the gospels. this is the first bible printed in america and it is the elliott indian bible. it is a highlight of our collection. the last thing i wanted to mention is this bible and it is known as the slave bible. it was produced where they removed the story of the activists. presented to as
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slave, the idea of god delivering them from their bondage, which the story tells us in the book of exodus, was removed. would not have that idea of hope, of freedom. it has been a bible which has been produced without hope. they came out of london and was printed in 1808. it was from the british west indian islands. it was known as the slave bible. just as you mention, it is loaned to us. on another level in the museum. we have a special exhibit. we call it amazing grace. it is the story of john newton. it shows the bibles that were created as a slave bible. this is a great one that we have another exhibit that just deals with that. >> one of the important,
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influential bibles in america is the bible we're looking at here. the story that is important to know you for talking about the bible is that when the pilgrims and early settlers came to what we know is america, were not allowed to present -- allowed to print bibles in the english language. we could print bibles in other languages and we already talked about the elliott indian bible. this second, third, and forth bibles printed in america were produced by this man here. his name is christopher sower. he was a german immigrant seeking refuge from religious persecution. he came to america with typeset from the luther foundry. and he would produce the very first european bible and the
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second bible printed in america. that was in 1743 and when he advertise the bible, he said for the poor there is no cost. towas a contemporary benjamin franklin and they competed. he was in germantown, pennsylvania and then german franklin right next-door in philadelphia. -- and benjamin franklin right next-door in philadelphia. sower was critical of franklin's german translations. there was kind of a war but there was opposition between the two. wasuse of that, when sower buying paper, he was told he had to pay completely. when he was ready to produce his second bible in 1763, he went to the paper and the maker said you pay in full or you do not get any.
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he has a paper mill and prints the first bible imprinted with american-made paper in 1763. in 1776, his typeset is wearing out. his son has taken over the business and they produce new type set. they would produce this european bible in 1743-1763. in 1776, they would print this first bible printed in america with american-made typeset. --ording to isaiah's thomas isaiah thomas, the british battle, commandeered his printing press, used his bible pages for gun loading. this is also known gun load bible. there is a similar story in the civil war and they use hymnals. wer was a conscientious
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objector to the war because of his faith, not because he sided with england or america. they considered him to be potentially a spy. he was prosecuted but found innocent. his land was taken over by the government. he would never print a bible again. his work would go all the way up and it was his nephew who would continue printing. he printed newspapers, almanacs, things like that. the story of christopher is interesting. we take on, because of the time, a topic of bible and education. know this but some of the great universities were founded upon a biblical principle.
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harvard in 1636. you can read some of their declarations at the time. the establishment of harvard and yale were universities produce for ministers to evangelize. this book comes from cotton mathers, known as americana. we have it opened up to this portion of the book to development of why harvard was established. he is talking about that. the broadside come up 1748, is in latin. one of the things that is interesting is latin, hebrew, valedictorian when
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they graduate from harvard, even today, they give their speech in latin. this is why that broadside is in the latin dialect. this is a couple of hundred years old. it is a newspaper. it was important to the owner at the time and the collector who now has preserved it and allowed us to be able to use it as a exhibition artifact to tell the story. -- we want togs peek at is the small books over here. this is a long forgotten textbook known as the new england primer and this is a textbook used in schools at during the 1700s, early 1800s. they would use it during their education. a is for adam. into the impact of the bible in america, we saw this beautiful large trim which
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is a complement to the artifact of the story where telling. we talked about the selling of the spanish when they first came to america. the very first settlement was saint augustine in florida. the pilgrims would settle in the northeast of what we know is america and the bibles they brought with them. and the permissions to be able to settle as colonies that would be granted from the imperial king or queen at that time. we also have other examples of the bibles they brought with them, the king james bible, the geneva bible, the french which would be, people seeking freedom from religious persecution just as puritans were seeking refuge from religious persecution in europe. also, the very first bible printed in america, the elliott
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indian. -- elliott indian bible. story of the people who came here specifically to reach the indigenous people. at that time, their purpose was the gospel. something new would be introduced and this would be literacy. the development of language and the opportunity to progress. saw the known when primer and textbook that was used for education and although the museum presents the story, this is part of that story. the very last thing that we have here is william penn. we were talking about earlier that pennsylvania was established seeking refuge from religious persecution. as we mentioned, they were seeking refuge, the catholics,
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the quakers, the baptists or anything that opposed the ideas of the early settlers. he wanted to tell the story of the good, the bad, and the ugly. the good came over looking for refuge from persecution. those who came seeking the same, if they had a different idea, they became the persecuted. it is a interesting story if you look at it from a honest perspective. point, we end this section. the bible was a key document. interesting, people started drifting away and some would say that america started falling asleep. it became somewhat of a secondary document in people's lives.
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the second section of our tour deals with the rebirth or the awakening of the bible in america. it has a amazing story unto itself and that is where we will head to next. announcer: this sunday on 1968, america and turmoil. the election of 1968 begin with eight candidates. by the end, the sitting president bowed out. robert kennedy was assassinated. coverage was dominated by clashes between police and protesters at the democratic national convention and richard nixon won a victory. program,s on the matthew cannon, who served under presidents brixton and nagin and the author of "the greatest
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comeback, how to mix and arose from defeat to greet the new majority -- the new majority" directorra parry, the of the oral history program at the university of virginia. at 8:30 a.m. eastern on c-span' is washington journal and on american history tv on c-span3. this weekend, on american history tv, nancy pelosi, the first woman speaker of the u.s. house of representatives, donates artifacts from her 2000 seven swearing into the smithsonian national museum. here is a preview. since we're here talking history, i thought i would sure the story. you make your own judgment. when i was first elected leader and went to my first meeting at the white house as leader, president bush was president and
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this wasn't knowledge -- this ledged there were no other women at the table. i was not apprehensive and i did not think about the meeting. i got there and the door closed behind me and i looked at the table and i realized this was unlike any other meeting i had been to at the white house. any meeting any woman had ever been to at the white house. meeting, power derived from the president. to be there as a president does as a representative of my caucus , over 50% women minorities, to bring a women -- a woman's voice to the table. president bush was president. beautiful welcoming remarks to me to join the table.
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while he was speaking, i felt closed in and my chair. i have never had that before or since. realized it was susan b ,nthony, elizabeth cady stanton sojourner truth were on the chair with me. say -- atar them last, we have a seat at the table. [applause] then they were gone. my first thought was, we want more. we want more. knew that ihat i was standing on the shoulders of these great pioneers and imagine
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their current in their day to do what they did. we all have strong shoulders for the next generation to succeed and stand on their shoulders. announcer: watch the entire program tonight at 7:05. only on c-span3. monday, on landmark cases, join us for gideon beat wainwright as we explore the story of clarence earl gideon, a thief who spent his time in jail studying the law. he tells the state of florida which had denied him access to a attorney. >> the state of florida versus clarence earl gideon. are you ready for trial? >> the state is ready. >> what says the defendant? >> i'm not ready. >> do plead not guilty by reason of insanity? >> no sir. >> it is a supreme court case
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that went on to establish a right to counsel for allegedly criminal's. with the 43rdase solicitor general of the u.s. who served during the george w. bush administration and a partner of the kirkland ellis law firm and a professor of law and political science at yell and a visiting law professor at the university of pennsylvania law school. . watch landmark cases live at 9:00 p.m. eastern or listen with the free app. resources fors background on each case including the landmark cases companion book, a link to the national constitution center and you can download the 30 minute landmark case at c-span.org or from your podcast subscriber. next, georgia state
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university professor maurice hobson talks about his book, "the legend of the black meccam politics and class in the making in which hetlanta" looks at the history of atlant'' is black community from the 1970's to the 1990's. the atlanta history center hosted this event. >> good evening. i am the president of the atlanta history center and i wanted to welcome you tonight to this lecture featuring dr. maurice hobson. this is made possible i generous support -- by generous support. dr. hobson will be discussing "the legend of the black mecca in politics and class in the making of modern atlanta"

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