tv American Artifacts The Bible in America 1700- 1960s CSPAN March 25, 2018 5:57pm-6:29pm EDT
on -- >> oh, absolutely. especially if you read paul robinette was one of the most vocal critics of american tactical air support. he was one of the first units thrown forward in december as blade force sort of stalled in front of tunisia. and he wrote some scathing reports about the inability to obtain air support. for any of the british or american tactical aircraft. robin etslaw, he didn't just you will send those to his superiors, division commanders or to eisenhower's theater commander. you wrote to george marshall directly. and if you go to the marshall papers, in lexington, this letter is still there. and he absolutely rips it apart and marshall forwards it to hap arnold in charge of this and says hap, this is something you may want to look into. and it filters back down and are arnoldson theater commander to eisenhower and are you unhappy with our air support and calls robinette in there why are you doing this? you a response from eisenhower
are you are we looked into this. you there are issues. but robinette, while skilled, capable, combat leader, is -- he's wounded which is a big part of it. but he does not ascend to higher you command. you so there are certainly instances. there's a heavy bombing raid at the end of kasserine. they send the american b-man 17's out to try to find rommel's forces as they retreat through kasserine. they tool around for an hour. the weather is bad. they wind up bombing i think actually tibesa or a pass near that so entirely friendly fire. but that's not what they had you trained for to find tactical forces in the field. they were used to bombing ports and bombing airfields in tunisia. an tunisia. and in sicily and italy. so finding something out in the middle of the west dorsal was probably a little bit beyond their capability at the time. >> thank you very much, chris. chris: thank you. [applause]
americansted in history tv? visit our website, c-span.org/history. you can view our tv schedule, preview upcoming programs and watch college lectures, museum tours, archival films and more. american history tv at c-span.org/history. "q&a."ght on c-span's professor talks about her book "political tribes." it calls for overcoming political tribalism. we need to talk to each other as americans again, not to say, you are the evil ones. people on the other side of the political divide used to just be people we disagreed with. now it is people who voted for the other candidate are immoral, they are enemies and not real americans anymore. i studycause
democracies around the world, places like libya. livia, what is the difference between libya and the united states? it is a multiethnic country it's a failed state, it's disintegrated. it doesn't have that overarching strong libyan identity strong to hold the country enough together. this is what makes us special. >> tonight on c-span. the museum of the bible has more than 3000 books and artifacts and exhibits. the building occupies on an entire city block. in the second of a two-part to two-part tour, we pick up the story in the mid 1700s
during what's known as the great awakening. many feltearly 1700s neutrality in america was declining. church was a routine obligation. but the first traveling preachers -- the wandering preacher brought the bible back. and george wakefield was the rockstar of his time. >> here he comes. >> your souls and hearts are in heaven. >> the second section of our deals with the rebirth or they awakening of the bible in and has an amazing story
onto itself. you are looking at original sermons of important pastors of .he time period you have this interesting story of jonathan edwards. he wasn't one of those flamboyant types of pastors. he would stand in a monastery and present the sermon. according to history people would fall under great conviction. 1730 until after the signing of the declaration of independence, there was a great spiritual awakening. there was a great awareness to have it of -- to have a relationship with god. also sermons that were presented by george whitfield. george whitfield was very controversial in his style. ory times he wasn't allowed
invited to preach in the churches. he would set this up and start preaching. receive the holy goods. >> we entered into this particular era. a lot of interesting technology. story.s us tell the a very different way, many people expected to be done. you see some symbolic items again. somewhat say why have this in philadelphia as there.
we have so many foreign visitors. we want to see what that is all about. the inscription there is from the book leviticus. one of our basis for this floor, bible globally is that the bible is all around you. how much italize has affected our lives, things we say and cliches we use today. a leopard cannot change its spot. i, two for tooth, biblical text. we share those on this particular floor. the liberty bell is a great one to look at.
represents the bible in a very different way. >> the liberty bell was actually donated to the museum of the back anddr. peter low also the presidents of providence form as well. and he talks about why we should have religious freedom. and he made a trip around the united states and the bell was wrong in all 50 states in recognition of the liberty. and sat anywhere house for a few years. i'm not quite sure how long. we got a phone call one day asking if we would like to have this museum. was really cool about it is it was produced at the whitechapel foundry. the same liberty foundry the first bell is produced at.
this is annex act replica of the liberty bell. that's a laser beam crack. appeals -- even appeals in philadelphia. >> this section from our museum take from that top liberty, the declaration of independence, sort of the struggle there and the key documents that were in play at that time. i wanted to you to share some of these with us. >> i often asked what is your favorite artifact? it's not fair because we have so many cool things to look at. when the colonists first came to the new world, they were not allowed to print bibles in english language.
the geneva bible, king james would the catholic bibles come from europe or from the crown. when we declared our independence in 1776, the import of products from london ceased. congress'sght to the attention that we have a lack of english bibles. printerse colonial presented the idea to produce an english text here in america. produce 1777 he would an english new testament, which is a new testament from the english king james bible. the crowd is still holding the rights to this test. there are two of the english new testament's printed in america.
in 1782 robert lincoln would present a new bible. passed off from congress to congress itself and reviewed. they gave robert lincoln's -- permission -- this would be the first bible printed in america. they held the rights to the thereforext area where you as a united states citizen at a time knowing that it's for didn't own a bible not produced by the crowd -- by the crown, your governance has allowed you to earn this particular bible. not only did he include that in his text, we have concluded the original authorization, showing that congress did indeed --
included in his text. one thing i find amusing about very frontin the page, he tells you how to find him. it is three doors down above the coffee shop and apparently there was on a one starbucks at the time in philadelphia. i find that amusing. if you find a copy shop you will be able to find the print shop of robert aikins. you will see the name of charles thompson. he's a very first secretary of the continental congress. he authorization for robert aikins to print the bible. so he himself would produce the first english bible translated in america from the greeks. this would make charles thompson not only the first secretary of
the continental congress, but he was also the signatory that show the authorization of john hancock signature on the declaration of independence. and then he would become the very first united states citizen to translate a bible in america. a pretty interesting fellow he was. journey,continue our we look at several of our screens. these on -- these take on various debates in history. >> one trader would trade with a kiss. there should be even 12 judah
since that betray their country for a few paltry pieces of silver. >> the government was an institution of god itself. government weyed disobey god. >> this one deals with the concept of submission and the trail. he was a big topic during that time when america was paving their own course. which way are we, i we submitting to the rule? there we betray her's? was a lot of argument going on. not only in film but it also made the documents.
>> over here this is known as the jefferson bible or the lice and morals of jesus christ. he would do a little cut and paste. original from the smithsonian institute, and the government printing how started printing what we know as the jefferson bible. every freshman senator and congressman would receive this imprint here. as a travel along and move throughout the impact, you will the transition of our tapestry. we come up to another very important event in american history, which is the history of abolitionism.
we have artifacts that will complement the actual tapestry itself. in the center we have the emblem of a newspaper that was produce by william lloyd garrison known as liberator. the controversial south had a bounty on him. have the author of uncle tom's cabin. tookidn't write it but she -- we have a copy of a first edition of uncle tom's cabin, as well as the liberator newspaper, which was a newspaper in printed for 25 years for the sole support therying to
move of the abolitionist movement. andwill see john brown frederick douglass. behind you, one of my very favorite artifacts is here in the very bottom of the case. it is known as the beecher's bible. her father henry beecher was a staunch abolitionist as well. it put them into crates and ship them to kansas. this isn't an exact quotes but close to it. if he can't convince the slaveowners that the enslavement of the african people was wrong,
perhaps he can convince him by looking down the barrel of a rifle. he marked them as bibles so he would be suspicious as they were transported. >> they also talk about the bibleion of the american society, which today is still the largest in the world. the american bible society is still the largest and helps fund a lot of societies around the world area many of the founding fathers were founders of the eighth american bible society and were officers of you to death of the bible society. it's a great story. the chief justice was a member of the american bible society. charles thompson, who we talked about with the first american
citizen to traffic the bible into the english language, he was a member. and a elijah cummings was a member of the president will continental congress, he was a member of the society as well. over to the right is what is known as an ordination certificate. the first methodist missionary. important is he approached george washington and spoke to him about the emancipation of freeing the slaves. he saw that as our very first president. and he's also up on our tapestry as well. the artifact confluence the story as you walk through. here we have some bibles within our collection.
various different translations. maybe perhaps the psalms. these were produced by the american bible society and many came out from their missionary work. anti-slavery post slavery even continues today. here are some examples again of bibles that were created to be proslavery. here is one you might want to talk about. >> this is the moses of her people. most of us hopefully know the story of harriet tubman and the underground railroad.
you will notice it's against slavery and for slavery. they used the bible to justify their cause. so we have the story of harriet tubman. he uses a book called kotten west king, but it's in support about why we should have a continuation of slavery as well. storyls both sides of the and from the very beginning our number carry telling me we want to make sure we have the good, the bad, and the ugly. >> hanging on our walls throughout this area, a tapestry that we had woven. we have been told it is the longest tapestry in the u.s..
it was designed by an artist who lives off of maine, and island off of maine. they think it is a scrim that was painted. this is a woven tapestry. and every single thing in here was reviewed by many scholars, even the kind of actions that were used. the roof on the buildings that we show. the whole museum takes this tapestry, we cut it into pieces. it's all reflected in this tapestry. kidsgreat because a lot of , they don't have a lot of interest in looking at bibles. and we have a lot of foreign visitors that we translate into 10 languages but we have over 10 countries that we have visited
already. we can walk through here and get some idea of the story and look through the pictorial we have done. which coming to a section is really -- i find it fascinating. with 3100 on exhibit and an inventory of almost 100,000 that we pick from and curate, it's hard to say what that is. it says so right here, this is rode atwe award, who two in the morning at the willard hotel. pencil by stub of a the candlelight available to her, and she wrote down what she says god gave her to write down.
she showed it to her daughter the next morning, and it was all scripture she had written down, but it had formed a point. her. or said mom, you should have this published. they took it to a publisher and she published it. they created what we know today the battle hymn of republic. -- battle hymn of the republic. at one piece of paper we own. what we are looking at here's the original -- the original letter she wrote. and other pieces of music that represent the struggle that is going on.
this is one of my favorites. it is a very unique story. you don't realize the words themselves were taken from a biblical text that she said she was given to write down. and if you sing that song, you will recognize it and listen to the words. and the bible being quoted in her song. >> while we are still focusing on the tapestry, there is a break here throughout the entire tapestry. up here we actually have one of the battles of the civil war. we have elizabeth and katie stanton, who translated the bible during what is known as the women's bible. not only does it have the original manuscripts and the
battle hymn of the republic, but it actually has a bible that was presented and given to abraham lincoln by a group of african andicans from baltimore appreciation of his signing of the emancipation proclamation, they presented this bible to him. the emancipation proclamation itself is riddled with many biblical references as well. a really cool dynamic case insert here is what is known as the can better it space new testament. what happenedo when america declared independence. the english ceased to supply america with goods. something happened from the north and the south. what was established with the confederate state bible society. the first new testament printed from the confederate state bible society.
the soldiers read their bibles. southy important to the as it was to the north. so today, we found out two hours ago that billy graham had passed away. he is a very strong and influential person in only for just spiritual principles that he brought to us, but the support of the civil rights movement as well. he invited dr. martin luther king jr. to preach at one of his revival sermons. would be nothere segregation, no separation.
we have been fortunate enough that the billy graham library had graciously lent to us a new testament that had longed to billy graham. and he used to prepare sermons with. and also the indigenous people, he reached out and fought for their equal rights as well. there were three tribes that came together and presented this with the address. today is the day he passed. and what he contributed to, not only museum of bible but to the wealth. lastill notice that this
dedication area here is the story of civil rights. and a good portion of this is dr. martin luther king, and it's illustrating him in his speech of i have a dream that he gave right here in washington dc. then we have ebony magazine and the entire magazine to the story of martin luther king jr.. >> we have been open approximately five months. we found some interesting statistics. distance to get here was a little over 300 miles. we asked have you ever been to washington dc. an amazing large number, i've
never been to washington. what are you going to do when you come to washington? you going to do another we are finding, not only with just americans but tourists coming in to washington, which are 50% depending. and they pop in here. we are finding there is a great syria city about the bible. and with our friends, it's not like somebody just wonders in. all leave, saying i didn't know that. and those that could be classified as catholic or protestant or jewish, they learn
things i've never known before. they can probe as deep as they want. we have 72 hours of content there. hopefully you will find some answers you are looking for. a non-apologetic nonprofit but if you want to hear about it, the impact, why it is so important, we are the place. >> monday on landmark cases, join us as we explore the story of clarence earl gideon, a petty thief who spent his time in jail studying the law. state ofnged the florida, which denied him access to an rn