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tv   American Artifacts  CSPAN  March 25, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm EDT

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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] are watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on c-span3 the museum of the bible in washington d.c. november 17, 2017, has more than 3,000 books and artefacts on exhibit. building occupies almost an entire city block. next on "american artifacts" second of a n the two part tour of the bible in america exhibit. story in the e mid-1700s, during what is known awakening. t
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. >> in the early 1700s many felt spirituality was declining, for some it was a routine occupation. but the travelling preachers travelled that routine, the wandering preachers brought it back. the rock itfield was star. i can see him. comes.he although i don't remember bodies are in earth, our soul and heart is in heaven, like the blessed ages be holding the faith of your farth in heaven so the section section of deals with the rebirth awakening of the bible in america, and has an amazing story unto itself. >> things you are looking at
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ser mouns of the important pastors of what we were talking about, the great awakening. jonathan edwards. scory abouteresting jonathan edwards, he was not flamboyant. stand in a monotone the sermon. under would fall 1730 up, n and from awakening a spiritual or the awareness to have an awakening with god and sermons presented by george whitfield. very controversial in style of preaching. many times he was not allowed or invited to preach in the churches. and would set it up and start preaching.
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undeniably certain we ghost. ceive the holy and we could be true members of mystical body. you'll see a lot of interesting technology that we are using. us tell the story, drama created in a different way than people would expect it to be done. and we brought in symbolic its the replica of the liberty bell. came from the same foundry that did the one in philadelphia. and some would say, well, i one if y have this philadelphia is there. but we have so many foreign visitors, and people -
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americans who will never go to philadelphia. to see what that was all about. says here, the text the inscription n o there is of idilkas, k bearing liberty throughout the land. it's engraved on the bell itself. this f our basis for forum, not just bible in globally is bible the bible is all around you and realize how much it affected our lives. cues,gs we say, cliches we a leopard cannot change its spots spot. high for an eye. teeth for a tooth. biblical text. great to ty bell is look at. it represents the bible in a different way. that's what we try to show.
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bell was liberty donated to the museum of the bible by the president of and minster theological, the precedent of providence forum. in recognition of 300 university of the great liberty of confidence and he talks about why we should have freedom. and made a trip around the united states, and how the bell was rung. and it sat in a warehouse for a years. i'm not sure how long, and we had a phone call asking if we have the bell for the museum. which was interesting, cool. it was produced at the white chapel foundry. boundary the first bell was produced at. replica of exact the liberty bell.
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except for the crack. rings in the same key or peels an e flat as the liberty philadelphia. now.have rung in here twice >> and this section of our museum then takes on the topic of liberty declaration of independence. the struggle there and the key in play at that time. why don't you share a couple with us? this is one of my favourite cases in the exhibition. your asked what is favourite artefact. it's not fair, we have so many at. l things to look one of the things we talk about colonists came to the new world they were not allowed to print bibles in the language.
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the crown held the rights to the english text. all the bibles would come from crown, if you will. language. the crown we declared independence in import of province seized. ceased. it was brought to attention that we had a lack of bibles. printer, robert idea to esented the produce an english text here in americas. '77 he'd produce an testa helmet. the crown still holding the rights to the text. robert aiken an outlaw, if you will, or an outlaw printer. there are only two of the first english new testamm in north -- testament in america. library t the new york or you can see this here.
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aiken would rt present an entire bib m. reviewed by the chap i in from ess, and passed congress to congress itself and reviewed. they gave obert aiken view the bible. bible to as the only receive congressional authorisation to be printed. aiken knowing that the crown literally held the rights to the english text. bible the authorisation in each and every one of his bibles. as a citizens, knowing it was forbidden to own a bible crown, you d by the can see your government allowed you to earn this particular bible. not only did we include it in the text. included the original congressional author showing that congress, indeed, and word word robert aiken included
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into the text. i find amu hings amusing about the bible is in how front page he tells you to find him. it's three doors down, above the coffee shop. thre's only one star bucks at the time in philadelphia. it's amusing. a coffee shop. you find the print shot of robert aiken. if you look at the particular nameorisation, you see the of charles thompson. he's the first secretary of the congress, and signs authorisation for robert to present the bible. he, himself, would produce the first english bible translated from the septusion or the greek. thompson theharles first secretary of the continental congress, but was signatory showing john
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hancock's signature on the independence. he designed the great seal, and would become the first united states citizen to translate a america.n he was an interesting fellow. so as we continue our journey, you are looking at of our screens. debates ke on various history. >> there was, among the 12 apotles. one trader, traded with aities. should be no wonder that there many thousands, should be judizists that betray
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of ir country for pieces silver. >> saint peter and saint paul, when they speak of the civil government and what we owe to it. it mutts christians in mind was the il governments order and institution of god itself. legal government. we disobey god. one we were the just at deals with the concept of submission or betrayal. big topic during that time when america was sort of, paving their own course. which way are we, are we to the rule or betrayers of it. there was a lot of - lot of going on. we have taken the topics on here. many nly in film, but in of the documents that you read here also. ever jefferson. over here, this is known as the bible. on or the lives and morals of
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christ. >> there's only one jefferson use the ere he'd french, greek and snish, and do a cut and paste. the westerly is at the smithsonian institute. printingthe government house printed the jester son bible. 1950. m 1904 to every freshman senator and congressman would receive a copy of this imprint. editions. 1904 as we travel along and move throughout the impact of the bible in america, you see the transition in the tapestry, we ving from the 1700s, and come up to a very important event in american history, which is the history of abolitionism, and our story - we have, again, artefacts that will compliment the actual tapestry itself.
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what the center, we have is the emblem of newspaper produced by william lloyd garrison, and known as the linerator, william lloyd garrison's newspaper, which we so e an example of here was controversial that the south put a bounty on him for $5,000 you would kill him. of course, we have harriet, the uncle tom's cabin, an interesting fact is that she didn't write it. she took dictation, and here we a firsty have a copy of edition of uncle tom's cabin, the liberator newspaper, which was a newspaper that was imprinted years, for the the sole purpose of trying to - of the ing the move abolitionist movement. and then, of course, you will brown, image of john
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and, of course, fredrik douglas, and we have the first edition works of the biography douglas as well. behind you, one of my favourite artefacts is down here in the of the case, and it's known - it's a rival. as the beatrice bible. statalked about marriott stow, her father was a pollutionist as well -- ablutionist. put them in ifles, a case and ship to kansas in the support of the abolitionist movement. this is not an exact quote but close. can't d that if he convinces the slave owners through the world of god that the enslavement was wrong, perhaps he could convince them of aooking down the barrel
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rifle. he'd pack them up, put them on them on but marked bibles so you wan be splashes suspicious, as they were transported to can't assist. sass. also talks about the formation of american bible is still which today in the world. even though there's bible societies in virtually awe countries. the american bible society is the largest and really helps to fund a lot of the other bible societies around the world. and many of the founding fathers were members of the american bible society. bibal re officers of the society. supreme court justices were. a great story. >> the chief justice jon jay member of the american bible society. talked thomson who we about the first american sit self-defence to translate a bible into the american language he was a member.
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president ofas the the american bible society as well. it's interesting that you brought that up. richard, the right is what is known as an ord nation certificate. and it's signed by francis as berry, who was the first methodist missionary or bishop over to america. and why this is important in exhibition is as brie approached george washington him about the emancipation of freeing the slave as far back at the first president. have a sign, wax sealed. tapestry as on our well. so, again, the artefact you liments the story as walk through. here we is bibles, within our museum of , and the the bib. and various okee other translations.
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not all of these were translated into complete bibles. testaments. sometimes the sal ms. were produced by the american bible society. coming out from their missionary work. >> then, as we said earlier, antislavery, post-slavery today. ues here is an example again that were bibles that were created be proslavery. i know there's one in here that to talk about. totman. harr yacht >> yes. the moses of her people. the of us hopefully know story about harriet toddman and the underground railroad. at the case, you'll notice that it's against the works that are for slavery.
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and, again. the bible to justify the cause. story e the works or the of harriet toddman, and over here, at the time. book, cottonist king, slavery. t of we are telling both sides of the story, and from the i remember cary telling me that he wanted to bade sure we told the good, and ugly, and wanted a fair story of how the bible was used in the founding of america. see hanging on the walls throughout the bible of tapestry area that that we had woven. we have been told it's the tapestry, 274 feet. it was designed by an artist of maine, an
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island off of maine. believe it was a scrim that was pointed. tapestry, and every single thing in here was by many scholars, even the buttons that were used. roof on the buildings that we show. museum on thisle side takes this tapestry, we it into pieces. joined from the mayflower, and it up into modern days. because a lot of kids - you know, they don't really have a lot of interest at the bibles. we have a lot of foreign visitors, who we translate into 100guages, but we have over countries who we visited already. through here and get an idea of the story
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that we the pictorial have done. section which a is really - i find it fascinating. asked what are your favourite items in the museum. 3,100 exhibit. 100,000 to entory of pick from. is. s hard to say what that there's what. and it's this one right here. wrote s julia howard who the morning atin the hotel. she said in her own words, she a pencil by the candlelight that was available to her. wrote down what she says god gave her to write showed it to her
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daughter the next morning. it was all scripture that was town. en it formed a poem. her daughter said "mum, you published. this this is really good." they did. is to a publisher and they published it. hymn of created the battle the republic, that is now considered one of the most sung hymns in the united states, that we own. the you look at here is original letter that she wrote in this area. deals with ic that amazing grace, and the battle and other republic, pieces of music that represent struggle that was going on. this is one of
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my favourites because it's a story. ique many don't realize that the words themselves were taken biblical text that she said she was given to write down. sing f you now, when you that song. it. ll recognise you'll listen to the words, as quoted that are being in her song. there's a break here. throughout the tapestry. this is symbolic. have a battle. stanton who bible. ted the woman's hymn and he original
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to them. ible given it's a cool and dynamic case asserted here, what is known the confederate state's new testament. similar to what happened when america declared their ceef endence, the english ceased to supply americans with goods. this is the first new testament printed from the confederate state bible society imprinted on the title page. a rare new testament. their bibles.read it was important to the south as it was to the north. most of these were were oyed because they
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destroyed because they took them into battle with them, and was only one of the only have.orts that they could >> today we found out - maybe hours ago that billy graham had passed away. we know that he's a strong and influential person in america, not only for spiritual principles that he brought to the support of the civil rights movement as well. invited dr martin luther king junior to come and reach of his revival ceremonies, and insisted that be no segregation or separation, and all was set among each other. he was a great supporter. fortunate enough that the billy graham library us a new test ament annotated ghlighted,
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and used to prepare sermons with. not only was he a civil the ts advocate for african-americans, but the indigenous people. for eached out and fought their equal rights as well. in recognise of that there were that came together and they presented him with an indian head res. to the make sure it's on loan to us. but again today, just being the he passed. we wanted to make sure we had a special recognition of who he was, and what he can contributed to, not only the but to the world. last l notice that this dedication area here is rights. g of civil this is od person of dr mart join loousz you are -- "i rtin luther king, and the had a dream" speech given here
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in washington d.c. then we have an ebony magazine which devoted the entire magazine to the story of the martin luther king junior and signed by corretta scott king. four to d been opened five months when you see the show today. found some very interesting statistics. drive one - our average distance to get here, a little over 300 miles. have you been to washington d.c. amazing - not the majority, but a large number have never been to washington. what are you going to do when to washington. we are coming to the bible museum. where we do other things, if we have time. and plenty, what we are just ng, not only 15%,ricans and tourists are
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2020, are not americans, coming us. the and they are there to see museums. here. ey pop in how does that all fit together. there's a finding great curiosity about the bible. are. atter what faith you we have many. friend. h a it's not like someone wonders in. and they all leave, saying wow, i didn't know that. could be classified as catholic, protestant or say "wow, i learnt things i never knew before", or i had the wronged in about that." they can probe as deep as want. we have 72 hours of content. to spend nine or
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eight hour days, hopefully you look for.answers you we are not an apologetic not for profit. bible. bout the if you want someone to interpret the bible. we are not the best place to go. if you want to hear about it. important. so we are the place. monday on "landmark cases" for gideon, we tale the of ry -- tell the story staten, he challenged the of florida. are you ready for trial? ready, your e is honour. >> what says the defendant, are you ready for trial? honour.m not ready, your >> did you plead not guilty to this charge by reason of insanity. sir.no, >> why are you not ready?
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>> i have no counsel. gideon v wainwright went on to establish a sixth right to counsel. the 43rd solicitor general of the us examines this case. served during the bush flags and is a partner of a law form, a professor of law and science at yale and a visiting the law school. watch "landmark cases" live on monday on c-span. c-span.org. and on the web site it has resources from backhand on each including the book, the link to the national con sit use and our website for resources on background on each case, including the resources companion book, a link to the national constitutional centers
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constitution, and you can download the landmark cases podcast at c-span.org. >> interested in american history tv? can view website, you our tv schedule, preview upcoming programs, and watch college lectures, museum tours, archival films, and more. american history tv at c-span.org/history. >> next, from our nine week series 1968, america in turmoil, a look at the presidential campaign. it had a cast of characters, including lbj, eugene mccarthy, robert f kennedy, ronald reagan, george romney, nelson rockefeller, and third-party candidate george wallace. our guests are pat buchanan and barbara perry, presidential studies director of the

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