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tv   Reel America Nuclear Attack Preparedness Procedures Survive to Fight -...  CSPAN  May 19, 2018 8:00am-8:26am EDT

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council every week and had his thumb on the government. he believed the federal government could work well if it was well led. q&a, sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span. american history tv is looking back 50 years to the issues and concerns of 1968. up next, nuclear attack preparedness procedures: survive to fight. this u.s. air force training film was released in april of that year, dramatizing activities at a military base following a nuclear attack. this cold war artifact outlines procedures for assessing damage, stabilizing and securing the base and communications, and offering medical treatment for radiation exposure. this is about 22 minutes. ♪
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>> [sirens] [explosion]
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[phone ringing] [chatter] >> command post. time, 20:34 hours. status of base, unknown. eta fallout? we are working on it. com checks shelter out as command post brings in control centers. orders, recover and look at base. deploy damage assessment teams.
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deploy casualty assessment teams. casualty and damage assessment teams deployed to provide command post with an evaluation of total base condition, instructions to assess and report -- especially report. you call us, because if you don't, we'll call you. tape up site. assess and report. and no umbrellas. when it starts to rain, we'll let you know. command post, 20:36 hours. the report states aircraft
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successfully dispersed at 20:18 hours. two aircraft detached on bomb damage assessment missions. security reports three fires, facility weapons storage, one major. ruptured gas lines in hangar two. fires in boq block one. blast damage at base and heavy vehicle repair shop. medical control center reports casualties in the vicinity of base headquarters. one first aid detached. team proceeding north for assessments. civil engineers control reports heavy damage among forward equipment. equipment at west dispersal point needed urgently. transportation dispatches one vehicle with four drivers to west dispersal with instructions to use the runway. there is one more thing we knew -- eta fallout 20:50 to 20:55 hours. anyone leaving sheltered is so advised. 20 minutes to go. once, it was weeks, 20 weeks, and just as urgent. expedient shelter needed to be
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found, made, or assembled out of base resources. disaster preparedness planning board survey secured a jet engine test cell with a protection factor of 50 and three unused ammo bunkers with a protection factor of 500. they were good, but only a start. more shelter was needed and more dispersal. but betterspersal, proximity to emergency war work areas. four trips of five minutes in radiation is 20 work minutes lost. not delayed, lost. in 20 minutes you can arm an airplane. more shelters were needed, and the only expedient materials at hand were quantities of just use containers and -- this used sed containersdisu and perforated steel planks. they met the basic requirements. they would house men and support
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a covering of sand. at the shelter sites, ground was leveled and containers were set up in a shelter nucleus. simple wooden arches were prepared to support the psp. the enclosures were then sandbagged. this is expedient shelter. a few feet of sand to cut off a lot of radiation. to keep a unit on the board when turn comes to move. eight shelters of this kind were completed from base resources. by then, we were in defcon 4. [phone ringing] 20:45 hours. status of base, battle hit and burning. fire chief reports boq fire is spreading out of control into adjacent quarters. new fires reported near bunker generator. civil engineer reports control tower unstable and hazardous.
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live electric power lines are grounding. command post request information on progress of runway clearance. sweeper reports occasional debris beyond its capacity. waiting for a tractor currently clearing overturned vehicles from taxi lane. can the debris be cleared by hand? yes. workforce dispatched to assist. communications control specialists are dispatched to assess and recover blast damage at basecon. [inaudible] >> with two more to be dropped off to neutralize powerlines and block storage.
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civil engineer reports surviving equipment in from dispersal and manned. all priority demands being met. equipment status picture complete. fire picture, still developing. all units concentrate within weapons storage area, except two units detached to medical bunker on orders from command post. workforce removing tires from storage with orders to abandon the building. workforce standing by with extinct shirts at hangar to for emergency destruction -- fire two forshers at hangar gas leaks. detachment at medical bunker reports grass fire extinguished. no damage to generator. request orders. two pieces of equipment. defcon 3, base personnel have been recalled, and the base disaster preparedness plan put into effect.
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as the disaster response team was being formed, the base was being hardened for battle. ♪ [video clip] -- ♪
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20:47 hours, medical personnel report to hospital shelter to treat casualties. medical control advises command post 23 recoverable cases received. more information coming in from field sorting teams. >> [inaudible] >> in the field, nonmedical personnel organizing dispatch of casualties to hospitals report 20 more recoverable wounded on the way. six nonrecoverable casualties for terminal care and second priority transportation. four dead. about 30 men for first aid and returned to duty.
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medical control relays the information. command post acknowledges. initial recovery almost complete. all casualties accounted for. priority fires out or under final control. abandon fires stable and offering no threat. loss of power anticipated and emergency plans in effect. blast damage at basecom not immediately recoverable, but emergency coms established. 20:59 hours. fire chief reports new casualties and collapse of entire storage building. reports of one aircraft coming back with fire warning lights. >> [inaudible] >> shelter monitor reports radiation. it's here. upon detection of radiation,
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fallout procedures described in afm355-1 will be immediately observed. no personnel will leave shelter without orders of the controlling agency. so went the briefing as shelter teams were formed and familiarized with checklist. at the same time, supplies and equipment were being installed and checked into shelters. medical supplies, food, water, sanitation equipment. forms and displays were set out. as communications were installed and tested, exposure control stations were equipped. dosage forms, accumulated dosage charts also tested. generators and blowers had been checked out regularly on a weekly basis.
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♪ this was their final test. the fuel was topped off. we were through defcon 2. time, 21:10 hours. radiation, 40 -- per hour. fire chief reports priority missions accomplished. fire storage casualties dispatched to hospital. fire crash crews on standby for returning aircraft on emergency landing. medical control center confirms fire casualties received to hospital. command post requests dosage report on personnel involved. >> [chatter]
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>> command post, this is oxnard tower. >> this is command post. go ahead, tower. >> we have an emergency, six, eight miles out. fire warning lights. signaling approach. >> roger. >> time, 21:27 hours. radiation, 300 and 70 -- 370 per hour. inside a closed vehicle, radiation cut by half. [sirens] >> inside the hospital, less than 1 -- per hour.
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at maintenance control, less than one -- per hour. at security and comms, less than 1 -- per hour. in the command post, the roof covered are given a dosage status. the crew with an average dosage of 90 rad are rotated for bottom priority for future duty. duty comes at 2100 hrs, when base command orders ramp washdown. radiation peaks at 21:50 hours. the initial rate is 630. in center of washed area, 160. 22:20 hours. base reported operational. unable to recover aircraft. division says -- get with it. recover and report estimated time to launch. assess and report your capability to refit aircraft from air battle damage. also, advise estimated duration
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of air battle capability. ♪ this morning, base capability under fallout was only an estimate, but it was based on study and effort. and the test was faced with confidence. it was defcon 1. aircraft were readied accordingly. by afternoon, shelters were manned and functioning as a coordinated group. [sirens]
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narrator: attack warning came at 20:15 hours. [sirens] narrator: no more planning. no more preparation. this was it. time, 22:30 hours. the birds drop in through 400 roentgens per hour.
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rotation maintenance personnel given 30 minutes state time for an average dose of 58 rad for the mission. rumbling] narrator: time, 23:05 hours. maintenance control reports second rotation personnel dispatched. first rotation personnel coming in. average predicted dose to complete turnaround, 62 rad. predicted dosages for first rotation personnel are converted to actual. reported to command post. dm requests six specialists for an estimated hours worth on
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-- our's work on engines on defective airplanes. four specialists reported with minimal doses. could they accomplish the work with nonspecialist assistance? they could. for vehicle maintenance personnel dispatched to hangar two for maintenance assistance. maintenance control reports turnaround proceeding on schedule. command post prepares to advise division. communications control reports loss of emergency com. two specialists now investigating. trouble is reported recoverable. assistance of two more specialists requested. can one do the job? yes, but one specialist is best. specialist, one dispatched. estimated time, --. maximum stay time, 30.
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division advised by comm relay of group readiness. standby for launch. firefighters control report shelter intensity high. five men showing signs of radiation sickness. three of them segregated with nausea. all dosage levels rising faster than anticipated. request permission to go outside and washdown the roof. permission denied. order evacuated to maintenance bunker. manpower personnel given 20 minutes stay time to assist.
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time, 23:40 hours. fourth hour of operation from shelter. command post reports launch accomplished.
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no replacements for radiation casualties anticipated immediately. the base is ready for further orders. ♪ >> i approached some abandoned site and when i got to the of the hut, a north vietnamese soldier came out of the ground. my guy's saw him, but it was too late. he threw a hand grenade at me. hand grenade hit one of the p oles of the hut, a large oak beam or whatever is there, mahogany beam, and then it bounced off. jacket,red my flak
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ripped my -- i had a trenching tool in the back, a shovel, and it cut the handle off of that and threw me to the ground. and my leg -- a piece of shrapnel hit my leg. >> watch our five-week series with vietnam war veterans, send it -- sunday at 7:00 p.m. eastern on c-span3. because we were going to get a flat word -- no. because of fear. this was a dangerous little town during that area. anything, i do not want to know. if you step out of line, you could be killed. your house could be burned down, your family could be put in jail. you could lose your job, everything you own. everyone was so fearful during
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that time, but we had kids. sides ofn the other the railroad tracks because we were poor kids. so we didn't have anything to lose, but we did not tell our parents. >> c-span continues it special feature of selma, alabama with a tour of the voting rights museum. >> i have been working with the museum since it opened in 1993. goals for themary voting rights music was to identify -- museum was to identify and document the people we call the foot soldiers of the voting rights struggle. everyone has seen the old pictures and video tapes of dr. king leading the civil rights marches, but then you see all of these people walking in back of dr.

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