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tv   VP Pence Remarks on China at Hudson Institute  CSPAN  October 4, 2018 11:06am-11:50am EDT

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being funded by china. that's what vice president pence is talking about. >> you can see it at c-span3 and radio app. michael pillsbury with us until 10:00 if you want to ask him about the china relations with these phone lines. i think were you being modest, but the president did speak about you and your influence of matters of china. i want you to hear what he said about you. >> and i like china. and i like president xi a lot. i think he may be a friend of mine. maybe not anymore. but he respects, from what i hear, if you look at mr. pillsbury, the leading authority on china, he was on a good show, i won't mention the name of the show rekrenltly, and he was saying that china has total respect for donald trump and for donald trump's very, very large brain. he said, donald trump, they don't know what to dorks never
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happened. well, one thing they are trying to do is trying to convince people to go against donald trump. because a normal regular political person that has no concept of what the hell he's doing would let china continue to take $500 billion a year out of our country and rebuild their country. >> thank you, ken, for that kind introduction. to members of the board of trustees, to dr. michael pillsbury, to our distinguished guests, and to all of you who true to your mission in this place think about the future in unconventional ways. it is an honor to be back at the hudson institute. for more than a half century
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this institute has dedicated itself to advancing global security, pros spertd aperity a freedom. while hudson's hometown has changed over the years, one thing has been constant, you always advanced that vital truth. that american leadership lights the way. and today speaking of leadership, allow me to begin by bringing greetings from a great champion of american leadership at home and abroad, i bring greetings from the 45th president of the united states of america, president donald trump. [ applause ] from early in this administration, president trump has made our relationship with china and president xi a priority. on april 6th of last year, president trump welcomed
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president xi to maur-a-lago. he welcomed him warmly. over the past of two years our president has forged a strong personal relationship with the president of the peoples republic of china and worked closely on common interest. most importantly the denuclearization of the korean peninsula. but i came before you today because the american people need to know as we speak beijing is employing a whole of a government approach, using political and economic to advance influence and benefit influence in the united states. china is also applying this power in more pro-active ways than ever before, to exert influence and interfere with domestic politics of this country. under president trump's leadership, the united states has taken decisive action to respond to china with american
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action. applying the principals and the policies long advocated in these halls. in our national security strategy that the president released last december, he described a new era of great power competition. foreign nations have begun to, as we wrote, reassert their influence regionally and globally. and they are contesting america's geopolitical advantages and trying in essence to change the international order in their favor. in this strategy, president trump made clear that the united states of america has adopted a new approach to china. we seek a relationship grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for sovereignty. and we have taken strong and swift action to achieve that goal. as the president said last year on his visit to china, in his words, we have an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between our two countries.
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and improve the lives of our citizens. our vision of the future is built on the best parts of our past. when america and china reached out to one another in a spirit of openness and friendship. when our young nation went searching in the wake of the revolutionary war for new markets for our exports, the chinese people welcomed american people ladened with fur. ch china suffered through in dignities during so-called century of humiliation, mercury fused to join in and advocated open door policy so we could have freer trade with china and preserve their sovereignty. when american missionaries brought the good news to china shores, they were moved by the rich culture of vibrant people and not only did they spread their faith, but the same missionaries founded some of china's first and finest
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universities. when the second world war arose, we stood together in allies in the fight against imperialism. and in the a math america made sure they became part of the post war world. but soon after it took power in 1949 chinese communist party began to enshoe authorido this years we fought together, we fought together. in the mountains and valleys of the korean peninsula. my own father saw combat on that frontier of freedom. but not even the brutal korean war could diminish our mutual desire to restore the ties that for so long had bound our peoples together. china estrangement from the united states ended in 1972. and soon after we re-established diplomatic relations and began to open our economies to one another. and american universities began
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training a new generation of chinese engineers, business leaders, scholars, and officials. after the fall of the soviet union, we assumed that a free china was inevitable. heady with optimism at the turn of the 21st certainty, america agreed to give beijing open access to our economy. and we brought china into the world trade organization. previous administrations made this choice in the hope that freedom in china would expand in all of its forms. not just economically, but politically, with a new found respect for classical liberal principals. private property, personal liberty, religious freedom, entire family of human rights. but that hope has gone unfulfilled. the dream of freedom remains distant for the chinese people. and while beijing still pays lip
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service to reform and opening, xi's policy now rings hollow. over the past 17 years, china's gdp has grown nine fold. it's become the second largest economy in the world. much of this success was driven by american investment in china. and the chinese communist party has also used an arsenal of policies inconsistent with free and fair trade, including tariffs, current manipulation, forced technology transfer, intellectual profit theft, and industrial s industrial subsidies that are handed out like candy to foreign ve investment. these have built chinese manufacturing base at the expense of its competitors, especially the united states of
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america. china's actions have contributed to a trade deficit with the united states that last year ran to $375 billion. nearly half of our global trade deficit. as president trump said just this week in his words, we rebuilt china over the last 25 years. now, through the made in china 2025 plan, the communist party has set its sights on controlling 90% of the world's most advanced industries, including robotics and artificial intelligence. to win the commanding heights of the 21st century economy beijing has directed bureaucrats and businesses to obtain american intellectual property, foundation of our economic leadership, by any means necessary. beijing now requires many american businesses to hand over their trade secrets as the cost
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of doing business in china. it also coordinates and sponsors the acquisition of american firms to gain ownership of their creations. worst of all, chinese security agencies have master minded the wholesale theft of american technology. including cutting edge military blueprints. and using that stolen technology, the chinese communist party is turning plow shares into swords on a massive scale. china now spends as much on its military as the rest of asia combined. and beijing is priority tooised capabilities to erode america's military advantages, at land, at sea, in air, and in space. china warrants nothing less to push them from the western pacific in an attempt to prevent us from coming to the aid of our allies. but they will fail.
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beijing is also using its power like never before. chinese ships routinely patrol around the islands which are administered by japan. and while china's leader stood in the rose garden at the white house in 2015 and said that his country had, and i quote, no intention to militaryize the south china sea, today beijing has deployed advanced anti-ship and anti-air missiles. on top of our military bases constructed on artificial islands. china's aggression was on display this week when a chinese naval vessel came within 45 yards of the uss decay tore as it freedom of navigation in south china sea forcing our ship to quickly maneuver to avoid
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collision. despite such wreckless harassment, the united states navy will continue to fly, sail, and operate wherever international law allows, and our national interest demand. we will not be intimidated and we will not stand down. [ applause ] america had hoped that economic liberalization would bring china in a greater partnership with us and with the world. instead, china has chosen economic aggression which has in turn emboldened its growing military. we had hoped as beijing moved toward greater freedom for its own people. for a time, beijing inched toward greater liberty and respect for human rights.
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but in recent years, china has taken a sharp u turn toward control and oppression of its own people. today, china has built unparalleled state and it's growing more intrusive often with the help of u.s. technology. what they call the great firewall of china, likewise grows higher, drastically restricting the free flow of information to the chinese people. and by 2020 t china ''s rulers aim to implement an or wellian system premised on controlling every facet of human life. the so-called social credit score. in the words of that program's official blueprint, it will allow the trustworthy to roam every where under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single
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step. and when it comes to religious freedom, a new wave of persecution is crashing down on chinese christians, buddhists, and muslims. last month, beijing shut down one of china's largest underground churches. across the country authorities are tearing down crosses, burning bibles, and imprisoning believers. and beijing has now reached a deal with the vatican that gives the avow he had atheist commonist party a direct role in appointing catholic bishop s. for chinese christians these are desperate times. beijing is also cracking down on buddhism. over the past decade over 150 tibet tan buddhist monks have lit them self on fire to protest
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china's belief and culture. and the communist party has imprisoned more than one million muslim in government camps where they endure around the clock brainwashing. survivors of the camps have described their experiences a deliberate attempt by beijing to strangle this culture and stamp out the muslim faith. as history attests though, a country that opresses its own people, rarely stops there. and beijing also aims to extend its reach across the wider world. as hudson's own dr. michael pillsbury has written, china has opposed the actions and goals of the united states government. indeed, china is building tats own relationships with american allies and enemies that contradict any peaceful or
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productive intentions of beijing. in fact, china uses so-called debt diplomacy to expand its influence. today that country is offering hundreds of billions of dollars in infrastructure loans to africa, europe, and even lat continue america. yet the terms of those loans o are opaque at best and benefits flow overwhelmingly to beijing. just ask sir a lanka which took on a massive debt to let chinese state companies build a port of questionable commercial value. two years ago, that country could no longer afford its paths, so beijing pressured sri lanka to deliver the newport directly into chinese hands. it may soon become a forward
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military base for china's growing blue water navy. within our own hemisphere, beijing has extended a lifeline to corrupt and incompetent ma dura regime in venezuela that's been oppressing its own people. they pledged $5 billion in questionable loans to be repaid with oil. china is also that country's single largest creditor. saddling the venezuelan people with more than $50 billion in debt, even as their democracy vanishes. >> they are also providing direct support to parties and candidates who promise to accommodate china's stra teeing particular objectives. since last year alone, chinese communist party has convinced three latin american nations to severe ties with taipei and recognize beijing. these actions thetd entreaten t
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stability and united states of america condemns these actions. while our administration will continue to 0 respect our one china policy as reflected in the three joint communiques in the act, america will always believe that taiwan's embrace of democracy shows a better path for all the chinese people. [ applause ] these are only a few of the ways that china has sought to advance its strategic it interests across the world, with growing intensity and sophistication. yet previous administrations all but ignored china's actions. and in many cases they abetted them. but those days are over. the under president trump's leadership, the united states of
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america has been defending our interests with renewed american strength. we have been making the strongest military in the history of the world stronger still. earlier this year, president trump signed into law the largest increase in our national defense since the days of ronald reagan. $716 billion to extend the strength of the american military to every domain. we are modernizing our nuclear arsenal. we are fielding and developing new cutting edge fighters and bombers. we are build ago new generation of aircraft carriers and wear ships. we are investing as never before in armed forces and this includes initiating the process to establish the united states space force to ensure our continued dominance in space and we have taken action to authorize increased capability ns the cyber world to build deterrence against our adversaries. at president trump's direction, we are also implementing tariffs
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on $250 billion in chinese goods. with the highest tariffs specifically targeting the advanced industries that beijing is trying to capture and control. and as the president has also made clear, we will levy even mortar rives with the possibility of substantially more than doubling that number unless a fair and reciprocal trade deal is made. [ applause ] these actions exercises an american strength have had a major impact. china's largest stock exchange fell by 25% in the first nine months of this year, in large part because our administration has been standing strong against beijing's trade practices. as president trump has made clear, we don't want china's
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markets to suffer. in fact, we want them to thrive. but the united states wants beijing to pursue trade policies that are free, fair, and reciprocal. and we will continue to stand and demand that they do. [ applause ] sadly, china's rulers thus far have refused to take that path. the american people deal ser to know. in response to the strong stand that president trump has taken, beijing is pursuing a comprehensive and coordinated camp pain to undermine support for the president, our agenda, and our nation's most cherished ideals. i want to tell you today what we know about china's actions here at home. some of which we have gleaned from intelligence assessments, some of which are public ply
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available, bply -- publicly available, but all are fact. as i said before, as we speak, beijing is implying a whole of government approach to advance influence and benefit its interests. it's implying this power in more pro-active and coercive ways to interfere in the domestic policies of this country and to interfere in the politics of the united states. the chinese communist party is rewarding or coercing american businesses, movie studios, universities, think tanks, scholars, journalists, and local, state, and federal officials. and worst of all, china has initiated an unprecedented influence public opinion. 2018 elections and environment moving into the 2020 presidential elections. to put it bluntly, president
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trump's leadership is working. and china wants a different american president. there can be no doubt, china is meddling in america's democracy. as president trump said just last week, we have in his words found that china has been attempting to interfere in our upcoming midterm elections. our intelligence community says that china is targeting u.s., state, and local government, and officials, to exploit any divisions between federal and local levels on policy. it's using wedge issues like trade tariffs to advance beijing's political influence. in june, beijing itself circulated a sensitive document entitled "propaganda and censorship notice" it laid out
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its strategy. it stated that china must, in their words, quote, strike accurately and carefully, splitting apart different domestic groups in the united states of america. to that end, beijing has mobilized front groups to shift american's perception of their policy. as a senior member intelligence community told me just this week, what the russians are doing pales in comparison to what china is doing across this country. and the american people deserve to know it. senior chinese officials have also tried to influence business leaders to encourage them to condemn our trade actions. leveraging their desire to main thain te
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tan their operations in china. in one recent example, china denied a license for major u.s. corporation if they refused to speak out against our administration's policies. and when it comes to influencing the midterms, you need only look at beijing east's tariffs in ree to ours. the tariffs imposed by china today specifically targetsed industry and states that would play an important role in the 2018 elections. by one estimate, more than 80% of u.s. counties targeted by china voted for president trump and i in 2016. now china wants to turn these voters against our administration. and china is also directly appealing to american voters. last week, the chinese government paid to have a multi page supplement inserted into
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the des moines register, the paper of record of the home state of our ambassador to china. and a pivotal state in 2018 and 2020. the submepplement designed to l at news articles said our policies were harmless to iowans. for nately americans aren't buying it. for example, american farmers are standing with this president and seeing real results from the strong stance he's taking, including this week's u.s. mexico can day agreement where we have opened markets to u.s. products. usmca is a great win for american farmers and american manufacturers. [ applause ] but china's actions aren't focused solely on influencing our policies and politics.
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beijing is also taking steps to exploit its economic leverage and theal lu a lure of their marketplace over american businesses. beijing now requires american joint ventures that operate in china to establish what they call party organizations within their company, giving the communist party a voice, and perhaps a veto in hiring and investment decisions. chinese authorities have also threatened u.s. companies that depict taiwan as a distinct geographic entity or that stray from chinese policy on tibet. beijing compelled delta airlines to publicly apologize for not calling taiwan a provence of china on its website. and it pressured marriott to fire a u.s. employee who merely liked a tweet about tibet.
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and beijing routinely demands that hollywood portray china in a strictly positive light. punishes studios and producers that don't. beijing censors are quick to edit movies that criticize china in minor ways. for the movie world war z they had to cut the shipts mention of a virus because it originated in china. the movie read dawn was digitally edited to make the villains north korea not chinese. but beyond business and entertainment, the chinese communist party is also spending billions of dollars on propaganda outlets in the united states. and, frankly, around the world. china radio international now broadcast beijing friendly programs on over 30 u.s.
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outlets, many in major american cities. the china global television network reaches more than 75 million americans, and it gets marching orders directly from its communist party masters. as china's top leader put it, during a visit to the networks headquarters, and i quote, the media run by the party and the government are propaganda fronts and must have the party as their surname. ig it's for those reasons and that reality that last month the department of justice ordered that network to register tas as a foreign agent. the communist party has also threatened and detained the chinese family members of american journalists who pry too deep. and it's blocked the websites of u.s. media organizations and made it harder for our
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journalists to get visas. this happened after "the new york times" published investigator reports about the wealth of some of china's leaders. but the media isn't the only place where chinese communist party seeks to foster a culture of censorship. the same is true across academia. i mean look no further than the chinese students and scholars association of which there are more than 150 branches across america's campuses. these groups help organize social events. for some more than 430,000 chinese foreign nationals studying in the united states. they also alert chinese consulates and embassies when chinese students and american schools stray from the communist party line. at the university of maryland a chinese student recently spoke at her graduation of what she called, and i quote, the fresh
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air of free speech in america. the communist party official newspaper swiftly chastised her. she became the victim of a firestorm of criticism on china's tightly controlled social media and her family back home was harassed. as for the university itself, it's exchange program with china, one of the nation's most extensive suddenly turned from a flood to a trickle. china exerts academic pressure in other ways as well. beijing provides generous funding for universities, think attention, and scholars, with the understanding they will avoid ideas that the communist party finds dangerous or offensive. china experts in particular know that their visas will be denied or delayed if their research contradicts beijing's talking
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points. and even scholars and groups who avoid chinese funding are targeted by that country. as the hudson institute found out firsthand. after you offered to host a speak speaker beijing didn't like, your website suffered a cyber attack originating from shanghai. the hudson institute knows better than most that the china ease communist party is trying to undermine economic freedom and freedom of speak in america today. these actions constitute an intensifying effort to shift american public opinion and policy away from the american first leadership of president donald trump. but our message to china's rulers is this, this president will not back down. [ applause ]
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the american people will not be swayed. and we will continue to stand strong for our security and our economy, even as we hope for improved relations with beijing. our administration is going to continue to act de-siecisively protect america's jobs and security. as we rebuild our military, we will continue our influence across the indo-pacific. we will demand economic relationship with china that is free, fair, and reciprocal. we will demand that beijing break down its trade barriers, fulfill its obligations, fully open its economy, just as we have opened ours.
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we'll continue to take action against beijing until the theft of american intellectual property ends once and for all. and we will continue to stand strong until beijing stops the predatory practice of forced technology transfer. we will protect the private property interests of american enterprise. [ applause ] and to advance our vision of a free and open indo-pacific, we are building stronger bonds with nations. from india to somalia. our relationships will flow from spirit of respect, built on partnership, not domination. we are forging new trade deals on a bipartisan basis just as last week president trump signed
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an improved trade deal with south korea, and we will soon be again historic negotiations for a bipartisan free trade agreement with japan. [ applause ] i'm also pleased to report we are streamlining international development and finance programs. we'll be giving foreign nations a just and transparent alternative to china's debt trap diplomacy. in fact, this week president trump will sign the build act into law. next month, it will be my privilege to represent the united states in singapore and pap there we will support programs. on behalf of the president i'll deliver the message that
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america's commitment to indo-pacific has never been stronger. [ applause ] closer to home, to protect our interests, we recently strengthened the committee on foreign investment. heightening scrutiny in america to protect our national security from beijing actions. whether it comes to beijing in american politics and policy, we will continue to expose it. no matter the form it takes, we will work with leaders at every level of society to defend our national interests and our most cherished ideals. the american people will play the decisive role. in fact, they already are. as we gather here, a new consensus on china is rising
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across america. more business leaders are thinking beyond the next quarter and thinking twice before diving in to the chinese market if it means turning over their intellectual property or abetting beijing's oppression. but more must follow suit. for example, google should immediately end development of the dragon fly app that will strengthen their communist censorship and the privacy of chinese customers. [ applause ] it's also great to see more journalists reporting the truth without fear or favor, digging deep to find where china is interfering in our society. and why and we hope that american and global news
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organizations will continue to join this effort on an increasing basis. more scholars are also speaking out forcefully and defending academic freedom. and more universities and think attenti tanks are turning away money recognizing every dollar comes with a demand. and we are confident that their ranks will grow. and across the nation, the american people are growing in vigilance. with a new found appreciation for our administration's actions and the president's leadership to reset america's economic and strategic relationship with china. americans stand strong behind a president that's putting america first. an under president trump's leadership, i can assure you america will stay the course.
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china should know that the american people and their elected officials in both parties are resolved. as our national security strategy states, we should remember that competition does not always mean hostility, nor does it have to. the president has made clear, we want a constructive relationship with beijing where our pros expe prosperity grows together not apart. while beijing has been moving further away from this vision, china's rulers can still change course and return to the spirit of reform and opening that characterize the beginning of this relationship decades ago.
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the american people want nothing more. and the chinese people deserve nothing less. the great chinese storyteller, lou swan, often lamented that his country, and he wrote, has either looked down at foreigners as brutes or up to them as saints, but never as equals. today, america is reaching out our hand to china, and we hope that soon beijing will reach back with deeds, not words. and with renewed respect for america. but be assured, we will not relent until our relationship with china is grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and
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respect for our sovereignty. applause applause -- [ applause ] >> there is an ancient chinese proverb that reads, men see only the present, but heaven sees the future. as we go forward, let us pursue a future of peace and prosperity with resolve and faith. faith in president trump's leadership and vision and the relationship that he has forged with china's president. faith in the enduring friendship between the american people and the chinese people. and faith that heaven sees the future. and by god's grace, america and
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china will meet that future together. thank you. god bless you. and god bless the united states of america. [ applause ] ♪
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[ applause ] >> this is michael pillsbury, he's at the hudson institute, serves as senior fellow for chinese strategy. also a former special assistants for asian affairs in the office of the secretary of defense under the george hw bush administration. good morning. >> good morning. >> also president trump saying you were leading authority on china. can you expand on that? >> no. he's obviously the president of the united states so he's the leading authority on china. and my fear is this will cause further jealousy and envy by my fellow china hands. they don't like anybody getting extra prominence. we all write


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