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tv   History of the State of the Union Address  CSPAN  February 3, 2019 9:45am-10:01am EST

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camp you belong to. was makingng i excuses for vladimir putin. i suppose that means we've been doing something right if i'm attacked on both sides. they didn't actually respond to what i said, they often responded to what they imagine i said, what they wanted to imagine i said. >> thank you very much. >> you're watching american history tv, only on c-span3. >> members of the congress, i , thethe great pleasure high privilege and the great honor of presenting to you the president of the united states.
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[applause] >> i'm a senate historian. the state of the union message ,s mandated by the constitution from time to time the president of the united states should give a message to congress on the state of the union and recommendations of programs he think should be followed. george washington again the when of the union message first congress met. washington went to the senate chamber and delivered a speech that had a series of recommendations. in those days, they actually used to cut the state of the union message up.
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washington and john adams followed that practice. for years it was known as the annual message. it didn't become known as the state of the union message until the 1940's. there was a hollywood movie called state of the union. president washington adams -- thomas jefferson enjoyed public speaking. he gave only to public speeches while he was president. his first inaugural address and second inaugural address. the president going to congress personally to deliver a list of things he wanted to see done. it was too much like the british king, the monarch going to
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parliament. he thought this was not appropriate for a republican. jefferson sent his message to congress. each year after that presidents would send their messages, which would be read by the clerk of the senate and house. most members could read it in the congressional record. that became the tradition. constitution, not that specific. this message needs to be given on the state of the union. we had a new president who had been trained as a political scientist. his dissertation. the american president needed to become more like the prime
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minister. to be the chief legislator as well as the chief executive. wilson decided he would go in person to deliver his messages. the first was not a state of the union message. they didn't know what to do with this. the president was going to go up to speak to them. they decided they do it in the house chamber, how are you going to go back doing this. congress had been left on its own. woodrow wilson began the modern tradition of presidents each year going to give their state of the union message. he gave his first message in december of 1913 and continued to do it in person until he was in paris negotiating the end of sincerst world war area
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then presidents have followed both. the only president who has not given a state of the union message in person was herbert hoover, who is also not a great public speaker and just sent his message up. almost every other president every year felt this was a good -- too goodto miss an opportunity to miss. >> the president of the united states. -- [applause] >> this is the point when everybody in congress is listening.
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diplomats, galleries of people. sort of a major moment coming together. >> i propose we begin a massive attack on crippling and killing diseases. >> i should propose a $10 billion nationwide clean waters program to put modern municipal waste treatment, to make our waters clean again. >> it does influence the legislative agenda for the year, whether or not congress chooses to follow the president's suggestions or ignores them or rewrites them, the president has given them an outline of what he wants to see.
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sometimes a president never got a chance to give their inaugural address. they came to us in march. congress wouldn't begin until december. the 19th-century state of the union messages were almost always given in december. now they usually end in january and february. president grover cleveland sent a controversial proposal dealing with the tariffs. revenue paid it was one of the things that divided parties and treated great passions. hisrtunately for cleveland party was not united on this issue. blamed his state of the union message. in most cases most state of the union messages are really long
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laundry lists of things the president wants to see done. there are wish lists the president is putting forward. when anything is done in congress, the galleries are open. as there are galleries and galaxies -- and galleries in the senate, the public can come in. of course there aren't that many seats. there's great demand, each member usually gets a single ticket for a spouse or a member of their staff for their favorite constituent or somebody -- thegallery, the breat press gallery. of space ona lot those occasions.
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newspapers covered in general and you would have read the entire speech for those newspapers. beginning in 1923, calvin coolidge sent a message broadcast on the radio. roosevelt suggested moving the state of the moon -- state of the union from the middle of the day, which was traditionally given to the evening. in the 1940's it was during the day the television came along. in 1965 lyndon johnson said let's move the tv show back into the evening so more people can see the state of the union message. performanceevening and its live tv. gets a considerable audience.
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late 90's it has been streaming on the internet around the world. the two parties havethe two pare cheerleaders. it's a bipartisan reaction. you can tell what the mood of the congresses. that nohe world knows successful system builds a wall to keep people in and freedom out. >> immediately after members of congress would rush out, where there would be dozens of cameras for television stations around the country, they will be
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getting the personal immediate reactions. some of those people will be responding instantly. >> distinguished members of the house and senate, when we first met here seven years ago, many of us for the first time, it was with the help of beginning something new for america. we meet here tonight to continue that work. if anyone expects a proud recitation of the combatants of my administration, i say let's leave that to history. we are not finished yet. >> the one thing you cannot do that is very different from most parliaments, where heckling is considered fair sport. respectful of the
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president when he speaks. a few years ago one member of the house did interrupt the president and shout out. he was censured for doing that. , the reforms i'm proposing would not apply to those who are here illegally. >> you live. -- you lie. >> not true. >> they did require commitment of a wrote the constitution in secret, they did require certain things to be open. they don't actually require congress to meet an open session. just from time to time to publish a journal of their proceedings. they ask him from time to time to deliver a message on the state of the union. be pleased toould
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see the president comes every year to do this. i think they would be astonished to recognize the congressional record is published every day. not only the state of the union message being in there, but every member of the house and senate on the floor of that particular day. that is something they certainly had intended. this was a democratic republic, represented by the people, and the people had a right to know what was going on. even though they were not on that specific, they certainly set goals that i think the government has met. >> i can report to you that state of this union is good. >> reconnaissance biplanes, foreign espionage and photographic surveillance. discovered this and more as we war museum inld
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virginia. >> area 51 and the atomic bomb. area 51 is a top secret government base in the nevada desert. technically no one is allowed to go over there, it doesn't exist. >> then at seven, a discussion on russell kirk and conservatism. >> i do some -- discovered early conservatism was far more than politics. politics was really the handmaiden of a decent society. on the p.m. eastern presidency come on the anniversary of the franklin delano roosevelt presidential library, a tribute by president ronald reagan at the library's anniversary in 1989. >> fdr renewed the charter of the founders of our nation, the founders that created a government of we the people
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through a depression and a great war, crisis that well could have let us and in other direction and strength in the charter. >> on american history tv on c-span3. >> next on the civil war, john marszalek discusses grant's process for writing, his discussion with abraham lincoln, and why he focused on the civil war and excluded his presidency. this is about an hour. >> i am frank williams, your co-chair. every other year, we have the john and craig show.


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