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tv   Reel America Decade of NATO - 1959  CSPAN  April 6, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm EDT

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when he runs the 1960's, there are no computer science classes. travel is replacing automobile and train travel in many ways, people are flying more and more, airports being developed across the country, so it is the jet age, the space age. kennedy grabbed onto it and made a day cornerstone of the new frontier. >> sunday night at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span's q and day. 1940 years ago, april 4, nine, the north atlantic treaty was founded -- was signed in washington by the 12 founding members of what came to be known nato. a decadereel america," of nato, hosted by edward r. murrow.
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nato produced the documentary, which was broadcast on the u.s. army's "big picture" weekly television series. [film begins] ♪ narrator: the united states army picture," forbig the armed forces and the american people. here is sergeant stuart queen. "the bigent years on picture" television series, we have reported on the progress of the nato, nato. today we turn to this same subject, only this time in a film originally produced by nato, narrated by edward r. murrell.
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ow. about the nato and its accomplishments since its birth more than 10 years ago. in this organization we have andloped a deterrent retaliatory capability for the prevention of general war. we are partners and have an appropriate part to play in international security, today, tomorrow and for the indeterminate future. ♪ december 16, 1957, date to remember. for the first time, 15 chiefs of government gather around one table, eisenhower, mcmillan, conrad adenauer.
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countriesand their have sometimes been at war against one another. often they have been united against a common enemy, but it nato for the first time they are united in peace and for peace. inalienable right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. [delegates murmuring] ♪ mr. murrow: peace is built of hope and faith, dreams and hard work, of paper as well as of steel, and of an infinite capacity for details and organization. and that is the job of the permanent secretariat of nato. ♪
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high-ranking ministers meet only rarely, but nato's work for peace goes on daily and the permanent council. the leaders of nato are chosen for their own ability, and not for the size and power of their countries. belgium, one of the smallest nato nations, has provided the secretary-general. these men represent more than 400 million people. ♪ people as diverse in their background as in their way of life. ♪
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brussels, the capital of belgium, has become the provisional capital of economic europe, an alliance within the ofiance gradually, series interlocking community has developed, giving vigor to old economies. town hall of amsterdam. the dutch are a hearty people .ith a sense of history from the utrecht to the north atlantic treaty they have fought against threats, both man-made and natural. ♪ old luxembourg, smallest nato partner with castles out of a fairytale. but there is nothing imaginary about its nebulous steel steelry -- it's fabulous industry. steel production per capita is the highest in the world. of the three small
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countries, netherlands, luxembourg, and belgium, have formed a union. ♪ a wheat field, a cathedral, old france. aliveis a new france, with energy with the biggest hydroelectric stations in europe. ♪ and the fastest trains in the world. mass production in the land of power and beauty in modern france. ♪ from the joy of life to the
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preservation of life, france, ur. country of paste paris, open to students of all colors and all nations. ♪ democracy in the world, the british commonwealth, handles nearly half of the free world's trade. of the world's leading atomic powers. ♪ but they like nothing better than a hard-fought gain.
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a symbol of the unity of britain is the trinity of church, parliament and the crown. the queen opens the session of parliament in canada with the same authority as at home. thebritish commonwealth is oldest, largest, voluntary association of free men in world history. britain and germany have fought to terrible wars, but today there people are united for peace. , ishe small town of bonn the new german capital. now a beacon for those who live in the gray silence of the eastern plain. 14 years after the war there are still tens of thousands of homeless refugees in europe, victims of old and new repression. the entire world has been astonished by the resurgence of
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germany, by the urge to live and build that has made germany one of the most prosperous and stable countries in europe in the atlantic decade. ♪ betweenis the contrast the old and the new more striking as in ancient rome. ♪ [latin being spoken] chanting]rs ♪ mr. murrow: faith in italy's future burns bright in the atlantic decade. italy has been building a strong, new industry, italian
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cars, from the most luxurious to the least expensive, in demand around the world. scooters.s riding italian vehicles of all types speed down the highways of the world. from south to north, from cars to bicycles, from italy to .enmark copenhagen, the venice of the north, one of the most beautiful and hospitable capitals. ♪ friendliness is not only a virtue, it is a way of life or the danes.
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♪ need fear old age in denmark, or in norway. hi timber -- high timber and the midnight sun, northernmost of the nato allies, norway is a rugged country and its people are rugged, strong. ♪ norwegians are rugged but peaceful, tranquil and unhurried homes,ust beyond their the soviet border and the barbed wires of a very different world. iceland does not have an army, but it is an invaluable base in the north atlantic, on the great
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circle route between the european and american partners in nato. ♪ --landers -- i slante icelanders feel strongly about their position and are willing to defend their freedoms. slave nations do not quarrel, they do as they are told. nato nations fly free. nowhere in the world this freedom fly higher or wider than in canada, one of the youngest nato nations, a land of vast regions of forest and mineral wealth. canada is fertile and rich and
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generous. canadians have sent the fruit of their labor out of their fields to europe. canadian defense provides a vital link in the defense of the alliance. the largest land mass in nato, canada provides a varied terrain and varied traditions. ♪ british and french influences are roots of modern canada. and across their open frontier, the knighted states. america, i sought more than
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america, wrote an early european , -- european commentator, with its prejudices and its passions. the image of democracy is often distorted. the world is fascinated by american power and rarely looks upon the other faces of america, the libraries of its great universities, it's arts, it's rich and diverse culture, the free expression of its citizens, their informality, religious heritage, and the tradition of a hard pick. ♪
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and hard work. giant corporations are owned by billions of stockholders, not by a few individuals, nor the state. the tremendous output of these factories are a vital put of nash -- a vital part of national life end of america's contribution to nato. their products, from factory, mean, river and range, , friendsnd easier life movement,m, energy, these are important to americans. from the new world to the old, a journey through the ages, portuguese fishermen have been pulling their boats down to the
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sea for centuries. from portugal sailed some of the great explorers of history, opening new routes to the west. ♪ old traditions, but modern a moderndern homes, capital for ancient portugal. the most ancient capital of europe, cradle of western civilization, athens, beloved, beautiful birthplace of the most glorious sculpture in the world has ever known. ♪ ancient alliance of greek city-state successfully resisted the threat of aggression from the east, but they quarreled among themselves over trade and
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fishing rights and islands, and the glory that was greece died. today modern athens is alive .ith new life and new vigor and just across the border, turkey, southern and eastern most anchor of nato. facing directly on the soviet nationturkey is another threatened by old perils but alive with new vigor, and , one sees people busy, learning new ways. theears ago turkey tore off veil and liberated its women, who now work side-by-side with their men building a new nation, hoping someday to be free of ancient fears.
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fear may have been the cement of nato, but hope is its superstructure and freedom its trade. ♪ men may argue and quarrel, and by a communist newspaper, which denounced nato. and they are free to buy it, for in the atlantic decade freedom has prevailed. since nato was formed, not one foot of free soil has been lost. [crowd cheering] ♪ the postwar world began with a hunger for peace and home.
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♪ began to set in early after the war, for liberation brought slavery to some countries. [marching footsteps] but there were some brave men who attemptedst
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the impossible. a new target, berlin. fear.a year of the western peoples had not wanted this, but this time the west acted, this time foresighted men decided to join together in a new alliance, and alliance in which all were equal. and at stake? western civilization. nato was born. wariers in a cold reluctantly armed to guard a piece which was threatened dead which they promised never to give up. at their head, the president of a great american university came to establish a top military headquarters outside paris,
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shaef, military nerve center for a new nato alliance. from here begin the planning for a complex military headquarters to protect the countries of the alliance. ♪ in oslo, norway, the northern nationaland integrated staff, danes and norwegians under a british general for the defense of northern europe and the baltic. t fountain blue, france, three commanders, for land, sea, and air. they guard the very heart of
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europe. headquarters of nato's land, sea and air forces on the southern flank and base for the american sixth fleet. indomitable malta, historic british base, today headquarters for the naval forces of five nato countries. states, thenited supreme allied command atlantic, home of the u.s. navy, but also an international headquarters on u.s. soil, symbol of the new unity of the western world. and on the unconquerable island of britain, the channel command. the royal navy with its continental allies must keep open the vital supply ports of western europe. at the nato headquarters at
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northwood, nato forces are assisted in their task by the rural air force -- by the royal air force. the defense of western approaches to the british islands. ♪ nations joined the alliance, turkey and greece, recent storm centers of communist russian threats. ♪ and in 1955, the federal republic of germany joined nato. farewell, andd ridgeway succeeded him, and then adt, each man norst by his presence and his uniform
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reasserting america's commitment for the defense of europe. planarn to act and together, colonels and captains went back to school. and to learn to work together, men and women of the alliance .earned a common language >> now, everybody opened the throttle slowly, to approximately 28 inches. right. ♪ [drumroll] mr. murrow: it was hard going for nato in the early days of the atlantic decade. men had to break ground to build .irfields they had to lay pipelines to
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feed the machinery of the alliance. ♪ experiment in mutual defense in a time of peace. ♪ and the result was powerful.
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[rocket engines] [jet engines] ♪ this boy was born the same day as nato, april 4, 1949.
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if he is grown to be 10 years old, and if he and other children are strong, healthy, and free, it is at least in part because nato was born with him. ♪
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narrator: "the big picture" is an official report for the armed forces and the american people, produced by the army pictorial theer, presented by department of the army in cooperation with this station. ♪ >> you can watch archival films on public affairs in their entirety, and our weekly series "reel america." andrday at 10:00 p.m. sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern, here on american history tv. >> this week on the communicators, technology hisher tim wu talks about book, "the curse of bigness." >> facebook is the poster child
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for the curse of bigness. they didn't take their position responsibly. they ended up being hacked, which theyoo, controlled during the 2016 election. they have had this terrible effect on what passes as news. so the social effects and political effects of facebook are enormous. >> monday at 8:00 p.m. eastern 2 -- on c-span2. thousand, al qaeda suicide bombers attacked the uss cole in yemen. the naval investigative service on the fbi led a joint investigation into the bombing. next, two former ncis special share their personal experience working on the uss cole

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