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tv   Reel America Well Never Turn Back - 1963  CSPAN  April 17, 2019 11:24pm-11:56pm EDT

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world war ii museum in new orleans, it begins at 8 pm eastern, thursday on cspan-3. up next on american history tv real america, a film from the student nonviolent donating committee also known as cynic got called we will never turn back and shot in rural mississippi and includes interviews with like farmers and sharecroppers and describes the violence and intimidation experienced when trying to register to vote. >> this is essentially for americans. people calling themselves american. trying to make democracy live. it begins with a heartfelt assumption that we are not an island of perfection but in fact a land of imperfection in an imperfect world. negroes are trying to register to vote and help change the
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situation that they exist today. help bring about democracy in our land today . >> mississippi 1963. free for a moment in this hillside home. they are stick looted from the way segregationist to carry guns and clubs . >> i've lived in this county for 53 years, -- i raise my family here and the naacp -- i do
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think that every citizen in the county should typically enter election. i hope and trust that i will have the privilege to vote once or twice in my life. >> i farmed on the milo plantation for 18 years. i was in charge of keeping up with the times and i went down to $.30 to august to try to register and are five and mr. milo told me i would have to go down and withdraw my registration or leave because
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they wasn't ready for that in mississippi. i said, mr. marlow, i'm trying to register for myself, i have to leave that same night after i had gone down. then, i spent one night with mrs. tucker and after about two days in september, they shot in the house 15 times thinking i was there. >> resistance to change in the south is great and behind the headlines, there are stories of intimidation told. police dogs. the police brutality and the use of the firehose and it is weldon in the headlines daily but there's the story that's yet to be told . >> [ singing ]
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mrs. mcgee tries to make a living on a farm for herself and for teenage children. >> and when i came out of the house, they had taken these and widen the road and we got a
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hold of the credit and had people to trust me and hadn't paid anybody . >> got a straight up in the south and he didn't do anything about it, he worried me about selling something and i told him i didn't want to sell the land i wanted to farm and make a living for my children. so, they , the way of the check to $20 per month than they cut it to $17 a month. i had a nervous break down and had to go back to the hospital. so, when i came back i came back home and i still tried to get it finished. . >> they put pressure on me trying to get this so last year,
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i rented a portion for $200 cash and he got the $200 we didn't give us any of it . >> i went down to register and vote. and they told me, if you don't go down and take your name off registration i moved to mississippi and they had me move on to mississippi and after arriving in mississippi, my wife had to go to the hospital down to jackson. . i didn't know what steps to take and i'm still working. i'm working trying to take care of them the best of my knowledge. this is mildred, she's 32 years of age, she's live on wd fields plantation for 11 years.
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she has eight children and her children do not attend school regularly because of food, clothing and money. last year, mrs. evans made 11 bales of cotton. at the end of the year she only received $123. >> >> >> this is the mrs. p williams , the great-grandmother of the five children here. she received a small social security check each month and from this you must help support the children . >> the reason i do is because my mother needed help. i had to help her. >> [ singing ]
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>> the daughter was sitting and the girl was badly shut up and had to be rushed to the hospital. they suffered very much we went over to see them and they were very much in pain and had to be rushed to another hospital. this is the result. >> i was working on the night of the shootings and i went to
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the hospital to check on the condition of the two girls who had been shot and was arrested shortly after my arrival. i spent the night in jail and no charges were against me. >> there was no one there but me and my wife. back [ singing ] >> the next day -- >> my name is -- in the state
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of mississippi. i'm going to try to register at this register office after going there several times that they told me i was disqualified to register. after going there -- >> lots of people are not registering to vote because they're afraid of getting killed. they're afraid to lose their jobs and go hungry.
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>> at present i'm working in greenwood mississippi the. the present activities are the distribution of the food, which has been sent from the north for emergency relief. we feel that this particular food will serve the needs of
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the needy to the greatest advantage. i think that they are very appreciative of this and i think that they are concerned [ singing ]
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i went down to mississippi and second time i went down. when they come back they -- a man coming across the hall someone got the shut out of them and the last time we went out, we compete. some pass and some
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didn't and so i asked them and -- and he replied all of it. >> my name is beverly and i live in leverton mississippi. -- i went to register to vote and they were very surprise, then later i carried to more people, they didn't finish because the they got scared. [ singing ]
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for the young people there's hope they were teaching people
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how to register in the south and to vote and to use this as an effective means of change. they exist on $10-$15 per week, living with the people, working with the people and tried to build new horizons for tomorrow . >> this is a fact. for the south. they don't seem to understand the violation for the negroes. -- >> i think anywhere should be
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able to -- as the white -- high school. >> i think that the negroes should be treated just like the whites. in greenville mississippi . >> i feel that the negroes in the south, especially the young ones, would like to have the same opportunities and privileges that any other american citizen would have. and within the system of segregation that they are aware that this cannot exist. therefore, they are willing to work and fight much harder to
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do away with segregation . >>. i think that things have gotten to the point where people have to do things for themselves. they've got to stop depending on the federal or state or local governments to secure the way for them. they've got a act to learn the rights that the constitution guarantees and people must make up their minds that if they want to be free and if they want others to be free, they've got to do something. something beyond just giving money or casting about but they've got to put their bodies in the movement and get out on the front lines and they've got to do something for themselves and for other people . >> i'm 20 years old and i was
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sent to the penitentiary. we asked the trustee what was wrong and they told us the guard took a mattress so we decided to protest that same night we were put in solitary about 6 feet wide. they put 20 in solitary and that night, one of the fellows panic another guy panic so we decided to cool down and we asked the sheriff to head us out. and their positive relocated. >>
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[ singing ]
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[ singing ] >> the very basic right to vote in our country is seemingly in endless change of violent. >> the lord gave me a paper to fill out of the very best i could and after i turned them in i left and as i was leaving, i group of white men interfering with some of my friends and i got away as quick as i could. >> my name is curtis, i was born and raised in mid county. i was in liberty mississippi on the way to the courthouse to
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register to vote. me in noxon moses. we met three white men, and one of the men jumped on moses and began to beat him. >> he was the father of some nine children, 54% [ null ] . he tried very hard to give fellow citizens out to register to vote. he was killed by state representatives and these are pictures of his wife and his nine children. process [ singing ]
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>> the director of the student nonviolent donating committees voting registration project in mississippi, robert moses. >> people working for the student coordinating committee, are characterized by restless energy, radical change and summations in the united states for the world is upset and if they're ever going to get it straight they must upset it more
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. >> my name is charles and i like the voter registration and sunflower county. on january 25, 1963, went to the mayor's office in indianola mississippi. my presence was to see if there were laws in the books that permitted voter registration activities. and i told them we were there to do voter registration and he said no peer i turned to walk away in a called me back. he said, i don't care, if you going to any churches, i will cut off the tax exemption . >> it was 1962 and i was
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arrested in jackson for contempt of court and find and set in jail for 30 days. the first time i was beaten was in the elevator when officers asked me my name and where i was from and i told him i was from jackson and they beat me and hit me inside the head with a bat. the second time i was beaten because, he asked me where i was from and i told him jackson and he said, oh you're one of those freedom fighters and i told him i didn't know what it was so he beat me. the third time he beat me i refused to move and the fourth time . >> i was at a demonstration and i was arrested with the hundred 15 other students. after being questioned i was
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carried into a room where a police officer came in and got a rope and said, okay, get up and let's go. were going to have a hanging here tonight and you're gonna be -- i looked at the officer as he looked at me and then he walked out. >> [ inaudible ] committee. i have been working in mississippi and my job is to teach the negroes their duty, obligation of citizens it and constitutional form of government. and voter registration. my first trip to the courthouse, i carried a people up to register. i was met by the sheriff, he asked me where i was from. i told him i was a native mississippian and i told them i
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was a native mississippian and he said of what county and i said [ inaudible ] county. he got angry and spit in my face and walked away. he turned around and came back. he put his thumb in my face and said look, i know every [ null ] around here, i know other colored people and he looked at me and walked away and then he came back and he said look, i don't want to see you down here no more and -- [ inaudible ] get out of town, don't let me catch you around here no more. [ inaudible ] as i will be here. >> i knew i wasn't leaving
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expect today in 1963, the fight for the rights of second-class citizenship's are being weighed in the country, the needs of the people on the front lines are great, we need typewriters, paper, money for food and many things if you can find useful things. this can be sent to the student coordinating committee six lehman street atlanta georgia. >> we are making the world safe for democracy and we fight now to make democracy safe for the world. [ singing ]
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this is a special edition of american history tv sample of the compelling history programs that air every weekend on american history tv like lectures and history, american artifacts, real america of the civil war, oral histories of the presidency and special event coverage about our nations history. enjoy american history tv now and every weekend on cspan-3 . >> the battle of guadalcanal was the first allied defensive in the pacific in world war ii. thursday night on american history tv on cspan-3 by military historians at a symposium on the battle from the national world war ii museum in new orleans it begins at 8 pm eastern thursday on cspan-3.
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i think the legacy of rochester's ongoing. the more rochester embraces its role as the city of compassion, healing, wellness, hospitality, i think the mission is to really make people feel welcome that this is a home away from home. c-span city sewers on the road exploring the american story. this weekend we take you to rochester minnesota with the help of our >> cable partners, located 90 miles south of minneapolis, rochester has been the home of the male nick since its founding in 1864 . >> the mayo clinic is a good neighbor and it help rochester achieve international recognition, the mail and it would not of happened if not for
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rochester that allowed the incubator to expanded and became a world presence and message in . >> we speak with local authors in the city of 115,000. singing mac . >> [ singing ] most people think that bob dylan is a leftist or somehow associated with the hippie movement of the 1960s but the voice of the generation in the 1960s that he detested that label. you can't say that he's left or right so i think most people have a misconception about what bob dylan is. watch c-span's city tour of rochester minnesota this saturday at noon eastern on book tv. >> sunday at two pm1 american history tv on cspan-3. working with the cable affiliates as we explore the american story. >>

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