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tv   Senate Finance Committee Tribute  CSPAN  June 29, 2019 4:49pm-5:56pm EDT

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as he searches for the words to say to a national audience that most of us will not admit in our homes. "i'm prejudiced." >> heather mcghee, public of -- president of a public policy organization was a guest in they received a color. she followed up with him. racially this sort of charged summer with donald trump's campaign, with black lives matter, with police shootings, tragic events in baton rouge and dallas. it was a time when people felt like all they were seeing on tv about race was bad news, and here was first a white man admitting that he was prejudice, which for people of color, we kind of were all just "finally."
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>> sunday on c-span's "q&a." >> each year, the u.s. capital historical society orders the accomplishments of the committee. next, a tribute to the senate finance committee. present and past members discuss the committee's purpose and work . it was formally created in 1816. >> my name is jane campbell. i am lucky and fortunate to be the president and ceo of the historicales society. i just took this job in february, so this is my new but this organization has been around for more than 50 years, and we are delighted to have you all join us for a of the distinguished history of the senate finance committee. we begin the program tonight
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the presentation of colors by the united states capitol police ceremonial unit and the pledge of allegiance. please rise. >> march. right shoulder.
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>> now, please join in the pledge of allegiance. >> i pledge allegiance to the flag of the united states of america and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. >> right shoulder. forward march.
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>> thank you very much. you may be seated. evening istion this possible because we have generous support from the bank , from grant thornton, from allergen, from the national retail federation, from the association of global automakers, united technology, the ongoing support of our society members. we have several of our board members who are here. , would invite you to stand up board members of the society. thank you very much for your work. [applause] we are here today to raise a toast to the senate finance committee. the finance committee is over
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200 years old, tracing its founding to a select committee that was committed in 1815. in its first assignment, it was charged to reduce the indoor -- enormous debt from the war of 1812 and has been coping with the debt ever since. in the 1800s, its jurisdiction was limited to financial issues -- tariffs, appropriations, national debt, currency, and banking legislation. in those days, the finance committee raised the money and decided how to spend it. tariffs versus free trade, a national bank versus state bank, the gold standard, silver standard, creation of taper money, income
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tax, critical issues that each era of our nations history were debated by this committee with strongly held and often opposing views. one would say that the issues before the committee have come tariffs are once again a topic of national debate. the committee also shaped social programs, and acting measures to aid veterans, to provide income and health care for seniors and those with special needs and to look after the welfare of children. as the issues became more complex, the committee's authority became more focused. much of it's spending authority was transferred to the appropriations committee. were alsoonsibilities reassigned. even so, its jurisdiction is so broad today that it is most often referred to as the powerful senate finance committee, as though the word name.ul were part of its
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it is the society's tradition in these celebrations to offer a toast to the committee, so please join me, if you have your glasses -- and if you don't, just pretend -- and offer a the longrecognizing history and outstanding achievements of the finance committee, to the senate finance committee, for shaping the economic foundation of our g.i. bill ofts rights and other programs supporting our veterans, for protecting the health and welfare of our older citizens, of children and those with special needs, for promoting international trade, and for a commitment to fiscal responsibility and economic growth, we salute the committee, it's leaders, its members, and
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its staff. [applause] it is my honor to introduce to you the chairman of the powerful senate finance committee, the honorable chuck grassley. [applause] in addition to his leadership of the committee, senator grassley is known for his incredibly strong work ethic, his integrity, and his scrutiny of government spending. his dedication is obvious in his voting record. he has cast 7600 consecutive votes, the longest record in senate history. senator grassley was elected president pro tem of the senate for the current congress and is thesenior republican in senate. we could go on and on, but we will not because it is his turn
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to speak. senator grassley. [applause] senator grassley: thank you. thank you. as far as i'm concerned, you could go on and on. thank you for the recognition by the historical society. it is an honor to be here to recognize the original standing committees of the united states senate. ones, committees on finance, established december 11, 1850. to what my predecessor may have led some people to --ieve, senator hassan and i senator hatch and i were not original members of this committee. [laughter] senator grassley: the senate committee on finance has steered
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legislation through congress that has shaped american society and our way of life, and i think you gave a better historical description of that than i am prepared to do, and i appreciate your perspective of that. more than 100 years ago, it took passage of the 16th amendment to allow the federal government to raise revenue through the income tax. ambitious, the most and sweeping policy changes under the committee's jurisdiction, social security, a critical income safety net for the the finance committee also was instrumental in the passage of the g.i. bill following world war ii to provide benefits to returning veterans, including tuition, home loan, and unemployment. as a returning chairman of the
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finance committee, i thank the u.s. capital historical society for its very important work to educate and inform the american public. there is very much an iowa connection with the u.s. capitol historical society. byr organization was founded fred twinkle, who at the time i came here, was a retired congressman, but still head of this association. like him, i'm a big fan of history and our system of self-government. fred 20 go recognized the importance of an informed public citizenry. a defining moment for the future congressman from iowa's first district took place two decades before he was elected to the u.s. house of representatives.
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history,ng interest in particularly the life of abraham lincoln, and he was considered a good scholar of abraham lincoln, was surmounted by none other than harry truman, at that time, not president harry truman. after delivering his speech in 1934, the future president learned about this iowa republican's interest in history. when introduced, truman grabbed the lapels of fred's coat and said something like "you have to know your history, young man, if you want to be a good citizen." fred took that advice to heart . when he was elected to congress in 1954, he immersed himself in legislative affairs to commemorate history. the u.s.he launched
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capital historical society. since then, the society has led educateanding effort to the public about the history and heritage of our nation's legislative branch and the u.s. capitol. stories are told that you never had a dig around the u.s. capitol building. if there was a hole, fred was in the hole trying to find the original cornerstone of the u.s. capitol. i don't know how many times he took me on tours of the capitol and told me things i since have forgotten and wish i could remember, because it is no important for us to have those details. he knew those details very much. if we don't honor and remember how we got here, we will fail following his admiration to find the best path forward.
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in other words, knowing history about the past, and the history is about the past, you have to know that to know what the right route is for the future. consider 2 recent examples. last week, we celebrated the centennial anniversary of women's suffrage vote on june 5 in the united states senate. the next day, we observed the 75th anniversary of d-day. these crucial milestones of history rang the bell of liberty for freedom and equality here at home and abroad. the suffrage movement paid the way for women to have a big voice in government. we know today, a big growing voice in government. that's what america should be all about, to make sure that every interest is proportionately represented. operation neptune paved the way
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for our allied forces to liberate the entire continent and the entire people from tyranny and terror. one of the fundamental areas of jurisdiction of the committee on finance is taxation. one might argue that taxes and terror walk together. it is kind of a fine line. [laughter] there. a marine talking we walk the fine line every day from the trenches of the senate finance committee. winston churchill, the british worl bulldog i'm a once quipped taxa nation to try and itself into prosperity is like a man standing on a bucket and trying to lift himself up by the handle. many of the most famous lawmakers that served in the u.s. senate served on the senate finance committee, reflecting
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its prestigious and influential work on matters of public safety. -- a selectect committee chaired in 1959 by then senator john f. kennedy chose the five most outstanding senators in the u.s. senate. those senators all served on the fincance committee, three of whom also chaired the committee. looking back through the lens of history also shows 3 u.s. presidents, 8 vice presidents, and 9 secretaries of the u.s. treasury having served on the senate finance committee, as well. to my colleagues here this 28ening, i would suggest the
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senators who currently serve on the fincance committee have some big shoes to fill. with my goode here friend and ranking member senator wyden. we have a lot of the legislative bucket full. we hope to accomplish great things, as every chairman and ranking member would try to do. having served previously as finance chairman a decade ago with another good friend and ranking member, senator max walker, we appreciate the 2 of us together, the value of importance in cultivating bipartisan working relationships to get the job done. i'm also glad to be here with tonight's keynote speakers. both are former members of the committee. you know they are on the agenda. you will be hearing from them. i consider the years working -- don nicholsn
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nickles and senator find lincoln favorable interactions with colleagues. you have me off key. that is ok, you always did. [laughter] 2 people also appreciate the long-standing traditions of the senate finance committee. bipartisanship is the most productive way to achieve lasting results for years to come. as i mentioned, the finance committee manages the legislative taxpayers money. members of the committee working on opposite sides of the fence, we would have a very hard time weeding out our differences.
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working together, we can cultivate consensus and handle items in our legislative bucket. congress, the committee on finance is doing heavy lifting to reduce drug people.or american we are working to improve access to affordable health care and rank than retirement savings. we want to reclaim some of congress' constitutional authority to regulate international trade. we hope to pass the umsca trade issue and secure new market access opportunities the european union, japan, and if possible, and necessary, the united kingdom. rebalance ouro trading relationship with china. all they say is a rising tide
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lifts all boats. inn we paddle our ores bipartisan waters, the senate finance committee has a long history of legislative achievement on behalf of the american people. i'm optimistic we will continue that strong privation in this congress and beyond. thanks to the capital historical society for hosting and honoring the senate finance committee. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, mr. chairman. now you see what distinguished leadership we have. i also thought it was fascinating that when senator nickles and senator lincoln got married, they took senator lincoln's name. just noticing.
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times are changing these days. recognize someone who was not part of that marriage operation, but is instead the ranking member of this powerful senate finance committee. senator ron wyden. is an extinguished leader. he is one who we can go on all night, but we can't. his constituents described him as a good listener. he is one who believes in the town hall and has a town hall meeting in every county in oregon every year. he also uses those listening skills in the senate to hear arguments on all sides of the issue and try to find common sense bipartisan solutions. in addition to his leadership post on the committee, senator
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wyden has the distinction of being the dean of oregon's congressional delegation. senator wyden, please come forward. [applause] just to put this in perspective, senator grassley has town hall meetings in all 99 of his counties. it is described in the state of iowa as the full grassley. [laughter] saying i will make sure this is a filibuster free zone. i see some of my colleagues who will be very pleased about that. i think that you may be here a peoplebecause a lot of here tonight i think really came because they want to talk about the upcoming debate about tax
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extenders. we may be here a little bit. i have a few thank you's. let's give the historical society another round of applause. [applause] >> giving us a chance to look back at history, and also a little bit of looking forward. we thank her for that. and of course, my friend and inimitable partner, senator grassley, who gets up in the morning at the leisurely hour of somea.m., then runs ungodly number of miles. he doesn't even take time out -- i'm on the intelligence committee, i know a lot of details. [laughter] time outsn't even take for what he really loves to do, another one of our shared passions, to visit the dairy queens. i'm really pleased to be able to
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be here with the chairman. a lot of you may be wondering about this particular picture. this particular picture was from an extremely exciting moment of the affordable care act. [laughter] barbara,t was taken, you just snuck in, great to see you, thank you for coming. let's give mrs. grassley a round of applause. [applause] >> we are always glad to have barbara in the house. this picture was taken at a particularly exciting moment during the affordable care act debate. when it was taken, and i sent it to senator lincoln, i said "let's call it our honeymoon or er shot." what you have is rolf kramden on the left, and his wife alice,
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looking as they always did, deeply into each other's eyes -- not. [laughter] >> it will forever be a little bit of the finance committee history chain that we call that the honeymooner shot. i will talk for a minute or two seriously. as the chairman said, and also jane, what an extraordinary honor it is to serve on the senate finance committee. i'm a first generation jewish kid. my parents could not possibly believe i would have an honor like this. i went to school on a basketball scholarship, i dreamed of playing in the nba. it was a ridiculous idea. 6'4", i was too small. i made up for it by being really slow. [laughter] >> that's what i wanted to do.
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to think that someone like myself, with my background, a first-generation jewish kid, would have this kind of honor, it takes your breath away. it says a lot about america, a lot about democracy, and what i have been able to do is focus on the things closest to my heart. i was director of the oregon gray panthers when i was coming up. i had a full head of hair and rugged good looks. [laughter] >> we always focus on the issues the chairman just mentioned, health care, economic security. you want to do that? the place you have to go is the senate finance committee. there is not any other place where you can do it. i want to close by giving you a little snapshot of what is still
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possible, when a lot of evil are saying everything is too polarized, people are fighting all the time, you can't do anything at all, here's what happened in the last session of congress in the senate finance committee. here, senator grassley, senator roberts, i saw tom harper floating about. he may have had to race to the train in delaware. when nobody said anything can get done, the senate finance committee a record setting 10 year children's health insurance program. absolutely impossible. nobody said you can do anything like that. it came from the senate finance committee in the last congress. we put in place an unprecedented set of reforms for foster care. the dream of the children's defense fund for decades used to
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be it was either foster care or stay in a home where the environment wasn't too great. we created a third option, kinship care, help for families. it is really a revolution in foster care, and something i'm very proud of. i think senator roberts remembers this, as well. we began the transformation of medicare. when i was director of the gray panthers, medicare had 2 parts. part a, went to the hospital, part b, went to the doctor. that is not medicare today. medicare today is cancer, diabetes, heart disease, strokes, all chronic illness. they were going to rename the program and almost be a chronic illness program. we started the transformation of this from an acute care program to a chronic disease program. more care for folks at home. pat roberts leading the effort to promote telemedicine. hugely important for rural
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hospitals and facilities. senator cassidy -- grassley and senator lincoln talk about what we can do in addition of rural health care. those are landmark accomplishments. 10 year chip bill, revising the foster care program, and transforming medicare in a polarized political time when everyone was saying nothing can be done? that is the senate finance committee. with senator grassley, senator hatch, myself, and all of the people who have worked so hard to do it. i wanted to mention that when not much bipartisan legislating is taking place, show up to the senate finance committee and see what we are trying to do. jane has given us a chance to look back a little bit. i want you to know i particularly think the best days of the senate finance committee are ahead, because we are going
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to lead our way out of this path where so much seems to be about fighting and recurring -- bickering, and building on the last congress. senator grassley listed a few of them. there will be democrats and republicans working very hard to find common ground. jane and the historical society, thank you for giving us a chance to look back, and also look forward. thank you. [applause] >> thank you so very much, senator wyden. job, in manythe ways, of the historical society to give the opportunity for perspective. to think about what have we done, what are we trying to do, and how do we come together across boundaries? we do that i giving an
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opportunity for a bipartisan way, having people tell stories about what has happened, and what they hope to have happen. we are so grateful, mr. chairman, mr. ranking member, that you agreed to convene this body. part of our tradition is that we ask the chairman and ranking member to select someone who has come before who is not now on the fincance committee, who can tell completely freely to a little bit about what it was like to serve on the committee. so the first person to carry that honor is senator don nickles. donna nichols was elected to the senate from oklahoma in 1981 and served for 24 years. in addition to being on the
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senate finance committee, he held several leadership positions, beginning as the chair of the editor -- editorial committee, and serving as the minority leader. in 2005, he decided to make a career change, retiring from the senate and establishing a consulting firm, the nickles group. senator nickles. [applause] >> thank you very much. stayedust thinking if i in the senate -- i would be in the senate -- chuck grassley and i came together in 1980, 38 years ago. maybe in another 10 years, i can become chairman of the finance committee. [laughter] >> my wife would really get a kick out of that. you stay another 30 years, you can be chairman of the committee. grassley and hatch just want go
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-- won't go. because he had seniority. he served in the congress. -- is ranked higher than was the same age as most of the staffers on the committee at the time. i loved the finance committee. i served on a lot of committees. at that time, everyone said you --t to be on finance or on because i could not get on finance. it took me at least 12 years to get on the committee. it took ron nine. chuck grassley got on in year one. blanche lincoln got on in year one. pat took a few years. bill cassidy got in in his first term. it is not fair. it took me my third term to get him a fincance committee. but i will tell you, i look back at the other committees, i was
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on budget for 24 years, that is just all work. a lot of the committees are just work. finance, there is so much positive, so much good. you touch health care, all of the and titles, medicare, medicaid, tax rates, so on. you make a genetic impact on people's lives. that is so important. and you make history. elected,k and i were it had to be the same year ronald reagan was elected. maximum tax rate was 70%. eight years later, 28%. wow. ist israel history -- that real history. that is changing things. it is really positive. it was a bipartisan bill for a lot of that. bradley,bob dole, bill
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a bunch of democrats and republicans working together to rewrite the tax code and rewrote a permanent law. that was a change. subsequent tax bills, i was involved in a later tax bills, a lot were 10 year periods, because that is the budget windows. we did a permanent law change in 1981. i wasn't on the committee, but the chairman was the senator from kansas, senator bob dole, he became chairman in 81. russell long was chairman. he was elected to the senate when he was 30 years old. he had been chairman of the finance committee for a long time. bob said he was excited to be chairman of the finance committee, but who will tell russell he is not the chairman? [laughter] >> the fact is, they worked well together. you think of those big bills, that is phenomenal. i was a freshman senator. i was 32 at the time when we did
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the 81 tax bill. i asked bob dole, something i feel very strong about was i wanted to permanently in the many -- eliminate the tax for spouses. he got that in the bill in 1981. i was 32 years old. that was one of the things i really wanted to get done. my father died years before, and i went through this inheritance battle. that was one of the things i was really wound up about. once we got it done, i told somebody it changes the way you do your state planning. i put my home in my wife's name, so when i died she would not have to pay inheritance tax. when i eliminated the penalty, i've been trying to get it back in my name. [laughter] >> it is real life. it makes a difference. it is the best committee by far. i love to see the finance
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committee working together. you get real things done. i look back at the early 80's, when they made phenomenal changes. the house was never in republican control. when the democrats were controlling the house, and republicans controlled the senate in that first six years, and rewrote the tax code that dramatically. now that you have the house controlled by democrats, republicans control the senate, you can do a major rewrite of similar significance -- and maybe not. [laughter] >> times are a little different. i long to have some of the good times we had, when we really did have bipartisan work and got monumental legislation done. we did have regular order and markups in committees where every member -- and what a thrill it is to be a member of the fincance committee, where you can offer any amendment, on
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health care, tax code, trade, monumental, big things were any member of the senate can offer those amendments to change. you want a 70% rate or 100%? you can offer that in that committee. i hope people have the chance to do that in committee and on the floor. i believe in regular order. i love to see the committee work its process. will, let everybody offer ideas. maybe they get voted down, it is part of the process. it is a great process. blanche i'm i'm delighted to know we are married and i took your name. i don't know who will tell linda about that. we could be in trouble. i see you are over here with your boyfriend, ron. i just want to say thank you. i also want to complement the historical society. for whatever reason since i have retired from the senate, i
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have always had the insatiable desire for history. i love learning more about our history. i didn't even know it when i served in the senate, you get so busy in the senate that you don't have a chance to slow down and absorb some of it. i did not know jefferson davis was so involved in building the capitol building in such premier, outstanding class that it is, with this monolithic columns and so on. you can look at all of the other federal buildings, the capitol is unique, it is the best. jefjefferson davis, probably more than anybody else, was responsible for that. even became the president of the confederacy. if anyone was responsible with the design, the architecture -- i just pick some of this up. my couple months to the historical society.
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you have a great story to tell. it is always a real honor and privilege to be part of the senate, the capitol, and frankly, to be a member of the best committee in congress, the finance committee. thank you very much. [applause] thank you very much, senator nickles. any time you want to have a good historical tour, our chief tour guide will be happy to take you through the capitol. he has a 10 hour tour available. when i first came to my said i wanted to, one of them, he asked if i wanted the 10 hour tour. i asked for a shorter version two start out. he does know every background. we are delighted to provide that to
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there is one other remember i want to acknowledge, mary landrieu. [applause] nickles said the energy committee was just a bunch of hard work. well, imagine working for the person who was chairman of the energy committee. there are stories we will not tell. there is one other group we need to acknowledge, everyone who is now or has ever been a senate staffer. stand up. [applause] thank you, thank you, thank you. before i present to you senator lincoln, because senator lincoln is one of the few people who as a staffer
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decided, i can do this better than my boss, [laughter] ran against him, and one. this is a unique thing, so you all better be careful. this is not what they put in the script for me to present senator lincoln, so i will attempt to behave, although they say well-behaved women rarely make history. dale bumpers announced his retirement from the senate and immediately, blanche lincoln jumped into the race. she was elected from arkansas in 1998 and served to distinguish terms. according to a "washington post" article at the time, she lobbied for a position on finance from day one. and she got it. senator roberts is rolling his head going, oh my goodness. although she was a democrat, she fit right in with her republican
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colleagues. she was raised on a farm, and like senator grassley and , she was anles address the estate tax. she played herself in the documentary, "14 women." afterlifeor nickles, and the senate seat set up a consulting firm, advising public policy. senator lincoln. [applause] jane,r lincoln: thanks, and thanks to the historical society for doing so many great things. i read your publication that comes in the mail, keep it coming. this is a wonderful photograph that ron sent me. i can't thank you enough for sharing it with me years ago, when it first came out. we were sitting there going, oh
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my god, is there going to be another opening statement. [laughter] thank you veryn, much for having me tonight, and ron, thank you for asking me. i'm grateful to be here. on the i not only served committee together, but we are blessed to get to work together, it's a lot of fun and we are really doing some good stuff. so i appreciate that. pat roberts, thank you. just as i wanted from day one to be on the senate finance committee, when i served in the house of representatives, i came to the house as a staffer in 1982, but i won my election in 1992 to the house. the democrats were in the majority, and i asked for five committees. because if you don't ask, you don't get, and i didn't get them all, but i did get on ag, and i
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got on energy and commerce. staffer, i fell absolutely in love with the debate and the work of the committee. it was empowering to not just me, but my constituents, my family. i used to watch my dad come up and testify before the appropriators in the levee board districts about how much money they needed to keep the floodwaters at bay. not a thought, how wonderful is that, that an american citizen can come up and testify before the committee and tell them about what is going on? so with that love of committee i did get a little greedy, and i asked for lots of committees. john dingell was a favorite of mine. we lost john this year. he was a wonderful, wonderful chairman. i got on energy and commerce, and asked for the merchant marines and -- merchant marine
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and fisheries committee, and that i wanted to get on ag, coming from an agricultural district. if you remember, in 1994 there was a switch in leadership, republicans took over, and with the new revolution, pat took over the house ag committee. ed everybody knows when you switch, you lose -- and everybody knows that when you switch, you lose a few numbers on the side that didn't win. i went to pat and i said, i want to stay on the ag committee and he said you can't because you were the last person in so you are the first person up. he was really sweet about it, but he said no. i showed up at a few hearings and i sat down with all of the people that came to the hearings, and pat would look at me like, what is she doing out there? [laughter] i came to three or four and finally he said, ok, just come up here and sit, you are not on the committee but you can come
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up and sit. [laughter] he was really sweet. i appreciate that. pat was good to me. but i have to say what i did come to the senate -- i have to say, when i did come to the senate i knew i wanted to be on the senate finance committee. is notry max baucus here, because i wore him out. daschle-- he and tom were so amazing. having been a staffer, i knew how to go about the committees. in the house it was the regional caucuses. mike was my secret weapon in the house and when i got to the senate daschle listened to me and said it was the first mistake he made. and he and max both were very wonderful to try to help me, and it had been an honor. it was a really true honor of my life to serve on the committee, and a has -- and as has been
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mentioned, great luminaries of our history served their daniel webster, thomas hart benton, ron, rightn, and here in the picture. it was gratifying to serve on a committee that had so much power and jurisdiction, ranging from taxes to health care, and when i served on the committee we also did trade. i'm not sir about handling -- not sure about handling trade issues these days, but i hope it is coming back. because i am on the road right now with two former trade staff members of the finance committee. angelayou remember hoffman and carrie phillips clark, who have shrink-wrapped a motorhome and are traveling across the country. i get to pop in now and then, have a glass of wine and talk about farmers for free-trade. it is a ton of fun. but the fun doesn't stop here,
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particularly when you work hard with staff. it makes a big difference. and they still have the same passions. when we leave the senate, we still have passions. that has been a great opportunity for me. to read the history of the senate finance committee is to read the history of our country, battles over tariffs, the national bank of jackson that was mentioned earlier, income tax, social security, medicare, those battles fought in the committee and i remembers the battles -- and i remember the battles we fought, whether it was affordable care act, taxes. when i came to the senate in 1998i was 38 years old, i had twin two-year-olds. i came to the committee and it was a little bit different there. and as we fought those battles, there were many of them, and i frequently had jelly on my lapel, sleepless nights, and
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occasionally my twins were in my office because they were either sick or it was a snow day and they were out of school. one of those days happened to be a day we were doing welfare reform chuck grassley was in the chair, and we were talking about childcare. the democrats wanted to spend way too much money and republicans were like, we can't spend any money. i was thinking, my kids are up in my office, i don't know what they are doing, it is crazy out there, and i looked over and everybody started talking and then somebody said something like, can't the grandparents take care of them? chuck grassley looked me in the eye, looked me in the eye and i looked up and i was like whoa. he looked at the republicans and he said, we better let her talk because her teapot is about to pop. [laughter] and it was wonderful to be able
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to talk and come to a conclusion where we actually did increase funding for child care and the welfare reform bill, not as much as the democrats wanted but a little more than the republicans wanted, and probably somewhere in the middle of where we needed to be. and that was because we were working together. we were trying to figure it out. we were learning from each other, and talking about what that really meant to our constituents. has been nine women who have served on the finance committee. the first i have never heard of before, but thanks to the historical society i discovered, hazel able of nebraska. she was appointed and served the last three days. she got three days on the committee. [laughter] that was in 1952. the second woman to serve on the senate finance committee and the first substance in -- and the first subsequently was carol
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moseley braun of illinois who served in 2004-2000 five on the committee. and then came the gal from arkansas for the 107th congress. it was olympia snowe and myself. i could not have asked or a more wonderful partner in the committee as a female, olympia snowe, she was phenomenal to hard-working, thorough, really anxious to do good and that made a difference. here olympia is not tonight and we were in the majority when that happens, i'm going to say that i'm the third woman on the committee. [laughter] olympia is going to be the fourth. today there has been nine women out of 370 two women of the senate finance committee. committeefour on the today, tying the record of the 111th congress. they are all democrats,
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unfortunately. we have got to get some republican women on there. with a little less than 12 years under their belts, senator cantwell and senator stabenow are the longest-serving women on the senate finance committee. a proud and grateful for all they have done -- very proud and grateful for all they have done and continue to do. when i think of the committee work, it is the place where you realize how our government was founded. it was founded on trying to find consensus. it is looking at issues and things that affect our families and our home states in a way that need to be fixed, and finding the consensus that is going to do it. also found that under the committee system, one of the greatest things that comes out of your time there is the where you, and it is
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get to work with other members and you become friends. you see less of your differences and more of the things that you believe in together. pat roberts set on the other from me on thes senate finance committee, he probably doesn't remember this, one day i am sure i looked battered and had peanut butter and jelly on my shoulder and he sent a note over to me that i mustt was very cute, have been dozing off because pat sent me a note and he said, if you raise your feet off the floor it will keep you awake. [laughter] and i wrote him back a note that in these chairs, my
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feet don't touch the ground. [laughter] built.friendships were and it was also the things that you learned, not only in the substantive part of it, but in that friendship. i don't know if chuck grassley remembers this, but one of the best things i learned in the congress, i had a bill on the floor, i think it was an amendment, and i had been raised with a lot of things, my grandmother's rule of law was, there is a never a good excuse or dangerous, to yourself and anyone else, and the other part of her rule of law is, all anybody can say is no, but they can't say no if you don't ask. and or dangerous, i knew it wasa close vote and i said chuck, i need you to help me. i wish you would. it's not a big deal. i think it could be helpful to you in iowa and i hope you will
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consider it, and i bugged him again and then he said, tell you what, if it comes down to one vote that you need, i will be with you. guess what? [laughter] it came down to one vote. >> did i deliver? senator lincoln: you did. [laughter] you voted with me. and i was so proud. i don't think you ever knew how proud i was at that moment, because i saw in the united states senate the kind of integrity and the kind of person that was standing behind their word that they had given to me, and it made me feel so incredible. several days later i went over and he was wearing this pretty said, you sure look handsome in that red vest,
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i have to give you a hug and i can't thank you enough for voting for me in the amendment that i had and i gave him a mug cop -- i gave him a hug and he said, don't do that, other women will come over and hug me. but the important thing is is that this country belongs to all of us, and we all have important ideas and work hard to make a difference. then in a committee like the senate finance committee, you can make that difference. and when you reach out and work with people, it does make a difference, because you solve problems. believe in my grandmother's saying, which was, all they can say is no, but they can't say no if you don't ask, because the last time i asked for another amendment he looked at me and said, you have already gotten about 10, no more, you are cut off. mynk you all for letting me,
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former colleagues, current colleagues and everyone else, have that opportunity as a young woman, a young mother with a husband working like crazy, an opportunity to see what the real united states senate is really about. it -- at sentence find the senate finance committee, he ar, hear, that's what it was. [applause] come back, you, have to get your present. >> one thing we have at the capitol historical society is very special merchandise that has a special relationship to the capital. so this, for you, senator, is a --lica of the capital tol, madef the capi
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from marble. lincoln,ou, senator [laughter] that is made to represent the -- senator lincoln: that is lovely. >> we see that you are a scarf person, and now you will be able to spruce it up but thank you both for coming [laughter] -- [applause] and of course we don't just give prizes to folks who are gone from the senate. senator wyden, senator grassley, please come forward. [laughter] it towhatever you want
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be. >> great. >> this is a replica also made from the marble from the capito l, of the statue of freedom that stands on top of the capitol. when senator nickles talked building,capitol the capitol building is a symbol of our democracy around the world. if you go on one of the tours, you will hear the whole story about, when they were building it, who should be on top. because our democracy was different, it was a revolutionary idea. at that time every other country had a king or something, so who would go on the top? there were people who said george washington should go on top, and people said no, we don't want it to be an individual. we want it to be a simple, lady
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freedom, and that is who is on the top, and we give that to you and thank you. senator wyden: thank you, so much. [applause] thank you. and for all of you who have made this possible, there is one group of people we haven't acknowledged and that is the staff of the historical society. stand up. [applause] thank you, thank you very much. here sorages are still you may enjoy one another, and our photographer has a few photos to take. thank you so much. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2019] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] this weekend american history tv will mark the 50th anniversary of the cuyahoga river fire, an event that shed light on water pollution and help create the clean water act.
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sunday and not :00 a.m. eastern, the author of "where the river burned" joins us live along the river in cleveland to take your calls and talk about the fire, myths associated with it, and the campaign by then-cleveland mayor carl stokes to find solutions. watch our program on the 50th anniversary of the cuyahoga river fire, live sunday at 9:00 a.m. eastern on american history tv on c-span3. you can watch archival films on public affairs each week on america.s, reel on american history tv. here's a quick look at one of our recent programs. [seagulls squawking] >> the time was when american about to go abroad would be
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warned not to drink the water, but times have changed. nowadays, foreigner coming to this country might well be offered the following advice. ♪ [singing] >> if you visit american city you will find it very pretty two things you must be aware don't breathe the water and don't breathe the air. pollution, pollution, turn on your tap and get hot and cold running crud ♪ these are the sturgeon's being wiped out by detergents fish have to swim and birds gotta fly if they don't last long tried pollution, pollution you can use the latest
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toothpaste and then rinse your mouth with industrial waste. ♪ out for a breath of air and you will be ready for medicare the city streets are really quite a thrill if the hoods don't get you, the monoxide will. pollution, pollution, where a gas mask as a sale then you can breathe as long as you don't inhale ♪ lots of things there that you can drink but stay away from the kitchen sink throw out your breakfast garbage, and i've got a hunch that the folks downstream will drink it for lunch so go to the city see the crazy people there
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like lambs to the slaughter they are drinking the water and breathing the air. ♪ [coughing] >> you can watch archival films on public affairs in their entirety in our weekly series 10:00america" saturday at p.m. and sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern here on american history tv. tv,ext on american history genealogist char mccargo bah talks about a cemetery for african-americans opened in 1864 in alexandria, virginia, which was established as union territory. author -- is the
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freedmen -- we recorded the interview at an event hosted by the association for study of african-american life and history. the interview was recorded at the annual black history luncheon and washington, d.c. >> what is the alexandria freedmen's cemetery? >> the alexandria freedmen's cemetery is located in alexandria, virginia, and was underneath the gas station when it was discovered. they noticed remains, in 1990ogists came in and they started to investigate and they found out from about 1700 to 1800, people were buried there. >> tell me about the origins of the cemetery? ms. bah:

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