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tv   Reel America D- Day to Germany - 1944 Documentary  CSPAN  July 2, 2019 9:50pm-10:41pm EDT

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the tapes, as i had urged him to do that he would have survived and i think that is right. >> sunday night at eight eastern on the c-span's q&a. the 1944 documentary d-day to germany was shot, edited and narrated by jack lieb, a news of the day correspondent who was assigned to -- he shot this film himself while working for the hearse corporation newsreel. he created a traveling film and lecture program, the national archives restored the film together with a recording of his original narration. this is 45 minutes. >> the one place that intrigued me was my first trip to london, and the house of parliament and big ben. now these pictures you must remember are more than a quarter of a century old.
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the thing that amused and entertained our boys who were stationed all over england was westminster abbey, and there were quite a few americans who came there to see the sites and see westminster abbey, and these are the scenes that i wanted to photograph on one sunday afternoon. another area that intrigued me was marble arch. the marble arch on one sunday afternoon was full of people. you must remember that london was being bombed almost every night in this particular time, and i was photographing these speakers that were addressing the crowds. every speaker was speaking on a different assumptiosubject, but police stood around and watched, and as long as there was no arguments, nobody was hurt, and the people in the audience were arguing back with the speakers,
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but these were just typical shots of how we passed the time waiting for d-day. most of the children who lived in england or a great may i should say were sent out of the city, but a lot of them had to remain behind, but in spite of a war, they managed to find entertainment. i was rather surprised to see these children drinking out of community drinking cups that were chained to the fountain, and i'd like to make candid shots of these children so they didn't notice me, but every once in a while they did, but this youngster is taking a cold drink on a beautiful sunday afternoon, and we discovered that the st. paul's cathedral had been hit several times but not badly damaged, and of course one of the other attractions was buckingham palace and the gates,
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which were protected by british troops, not in the bearskin hats which they wore in peacetime, but in full war uniform, and this is where they paraded up and down. they weren't pecrforming for th camera, but they were actually doing their duty. you notice barrage balloons in the background. london had barrage balloons all over the area, and it was said if it wasn't for all the barrage with all the equipment that was being brought into the country, that the islands would sink into the sea but the barrage balloons was holding it up. you must remember, too, that food was pretty scarce in london at this time, and it was being brought in whatever way they could, and being unloaded but it isn't often you get a bright day like this in the spring in london, and this was an opportunity to show what the soldiers were doing while they
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were waiting for the invasion. this is fleet street, discovered this irish policeman guarding the street, and we saw considerable damage in the area, but soon we were down on the south coast of england where we met some of the other correspondents who were scheduled to cross the channel with us, and you'll probably recognize some of the old-timers who covered the war in that particular time. i was given a shuttle to defend myself and it proved to be a valuable instrument, and here we see larry la seuer from cbs. jack thompson of the chicago tribu tribune, ernie pyle here and this is a close-up of jack thompson, and this is larry o'reilly of the soerassociated press. and we're saying our farewells because we expected to meet
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again in paris. here on the left we see clark lee of ins and bill stoneman who came are from chicago from the daily news, and several other of the correspondents were being boarded aboard a military truck to be taken to the south coast, and we went through small british towns and life was going on as usual. the people were in the marketplace buying food, and as though nothing was going on, but after 150 mile ride, that's how we felt riding in an army vehicle. we found plymouth was pretty badly damaged. a lot of the buildings were completely destroyed, but this was found all over the area. soon we were approaching the dock area, and we found these american jeeps ready to be
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boarded aboard landing craft, and you noticed the bars that are attached to their thumpers, and they're designed to cut wires that the germans had a habit of putting across the road that would sometimes cut off the head of the drivers. we weren't allowed to wander around the area by ourselves. each crossroads point was under guard of both an american and a british soldier, and if they wanted to see what you had in your bed roll, you had to show it to them, but this is the care that was taken that the secret of the invasion be kept as long as it could. these are the two men wes carroll of the owi and pete carroll, wes haynes who were with me and we went aboard an lci number 5. pete carroll here came from boston, and he was a photographer for the "associated press" and we tried to keep our mind off what was coming, and we knew it was going to be a short
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time before we would be on board. we had our first taste of k rations, which didn't taste bad if you were hungry, and we also were able to see the beautiful countryside in that area and these are the sort of shots i wanted to bring home to show my family and friends. pete carroll was using some of this film to make a few shots himself, and soon we were down at the docks, and there we found units of the 101st airborne division carrying everything they could carry by hand boarding landing craft that was so heavily laden, they had to be pushed off the docks by trucks as you see in this manner. and these men were being taken out to larger craft and boarded for the invasion. and here we see several units carrying grenades, baa zbazukas
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they didn't have an opportunity to load this aboard jeeps that were not fully available at this particular moment. we were aboard a fleet of lcis and here shown with the comma commander of the invasion group in the center, and captain on the right, rather the captain of our ship, lieutenant patton was in command of the lci number 5, and we found out that he participated this several invasions in the mediterranean area, and we felt rather confident that he knew what he was doing. but we stayed aboard this ship almost five days. this is the commander of the squadr squadron. i remember lieutenant patton's name well because we were with him for so long. we haynes was trying to get ready for the trip into paris.
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these were units of the 101st airborne division amusing themselves, and i don't have to tell you who this man is imitating. hae he was a notre dame football player at one time, and i was told later on that he was killed in the action. of course every ship had a mascot, and ours was no different, but the boys provided for their mascots welfare with the making of a life preserver just like the ones that they wore themselves. and then one afternoon lieutenant patton briefed the crew and told them that we would be sailing that afternoon, and they let out a cheer because this is the job they're waiting for. they wanted to get it done and go home, and here we see the lci number 4 with the commander moving out into the channel, and this was a tremendous sight to see ships from one end of the
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horizon to the other, ships of all kinds. hay tell me there was well over a thousand ships, but even so, we thought this was just another exercise as we continued on we felt that we'd be turned around, go back and try again another day, but when we continued on into the night, we knew it was the real thing. at one time we had a bit of a scare. they said there was a submarine in the area and one of the d.e. boats threw some bombs into the channel, and they exploded, but we never saw any attack at all. here are some scenes actually taken close to the beach where the ships made a right angle turn and headed for the area where we were to land. that is a d.e. boat in the distance, and of course we were on the alert for any kind of attack, even airplane attacks.
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fortunately our air force did their job well, and at no time did i know the german attack except after we had landed two planes attempted to straight the beach and i happened to be in the area. these are some scenes that i took with my camera that was reduced to 16 millimeter. this particular scene of these men going to shore was taken by an automatic camera aboard a british landing craft, and they were the first men to land. the reason it was taken by an automatic camera was because they wanted to have a record of what happened should the landing fail, at least they might have a record if they were able to recover the film of what happened and how to avoid it if they had to try another attack. but here are some scenes landing on the utah beach, and this is the way we went ashore. this is the british beach, but you notice the men didn't dash ashore after being aboard a landing craft for five solid
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days. they just walked slowly and cautiously fearful of bombs and mines that were sown in the area. you notice they had their rifles wrapped in cellophane, but this is the way we had to go ashore, and i needn't tell you that a lot of the boys didn't make it. and here's one of the famous scenes taken from black and white film of two men being shot down right before your eyes. here is pete carroll and wes haynes carrying our own equipment, and the ship is grounded on the beach. the section of the beach we were on was being attacked by enemy fire, and in the previous shot you could see a bomb actually land not too far from where we were. there it is again. and the bulldozers were trying to clear roads to let our jeeps and tanks move forward, and even though it was june, the area was
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quite cold as it usually is in that part of normandy. of course the men dug their fox holes a little deeper and we had the good fortune of finding a concrete wall, which helped serve as protection, but even now we're taking some of our wounded back to the beach so they can be transferred back to england. but when the tide went out, the ships could not come in close or those that went aground had to wait for high tide to be refloated if they weren't hit. we stayed on the beach the first night and lived in a fox hole, and soon we showed some of the first prisoners taken in the area late the first day who were captured close to the beach and were sent back to england because there was no room to keep them there. this is our first command post where general collins on the left is talking to some of his
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officers and we were able to get some of the first hot food at this place, and i didn't realize how hungry i was until i saw these pictures. there's larry la seuer and bob landry on the right. bob landry was covering the war for time and life, and although it kept me very busy for eight solid days i used up all the film i had and decided to go back to france and get some more and probably to get a bath. i hadn't had my clothes off during that entire time, and my landing at england took place at a place near bonnmouth, it almost looks like the cliffs of dover that everyone is familiar with, but it was a beautiful sight to see the coast of england and know that i could get some rest. but didn't realize it at that time, but here we see some of them flying over the english
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coastline, and these buzz bombs were a terror weapon. they didn't know where they would land, but the british were quick to set up machine guns and anti-aircraft fire to noknock tm out of the sky, and they managed to shoot down quite a few. they even sent planes up into the sky to knock them out of the air and of course sometimes they did get through and where they fell they caused considerable dama damage. but you must have missed that pretty good shooting. there's one actually coming down and it landed in the london area, and wherever they landed they caused considerable damage. my second crossing of the channel was made on an lst, and this time with units of the third armored division that was needed because they were bringing over more tanks and vehicles to carry us in the direction of the sherberg because we needed a port badly.
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the lst was manned by a british crew. that's the captain in the british uniform, but we were in a long convoy of many, everyone loaded to the gills with equipment that was sorely needed. but here you'll get an idea of what the beach looked like, and these ships are actually waiting for the tide to recede so they could send their equipment ashore without going through deep water. on d-day they had to go through the deep water, and at this particular moment, they're waiting for the ramps to be rebuilt after a severe storm so they could go ashore without damage. now, you can see the problems they had on d-day because when the landing craft hit the sand bars, the men started wading ashore and found deeper water ahead, and those that had their life preservers too low around their waist turned turtle and many were drowned. but these are units of the
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thursday army heading in crossing the deep spot just ahead of them and headed toward sherberg itself. this was a remarkable sight. the ships were lined up as far as the eye could sebrie, bringi supplies ashore. we thought we could use it as a port, but we found it was pretty badly destroyed by the germans themselves. they destroyed the docks, which we thought we could use, and it took them, if i recall, almost two months before we could bring a ship in. they set up mines and destroyed the famous docks where the transatlantic liners used to land. they not only destroyed the docks but also the inland
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bridges that crossed the rivers that ended the sherberg area, the canals. this is one of them that was destroyed by the germans. soon the french people came back into the city and gave us a warm welcome, and soon we found the prisoners and i think they took something like 16 or 18,000 men out of the sherberg area, and they're stilled holding their personal belongings marching towards the beaches because they had to be transported to england and some eventually to the states to be held in prisoner of war camps and even at this time, those who could talk to us or would talk to us sailed we would be pushed back into the channel in less than a week. of course at every headquarters area we found that the germans had a picture of hitler, and our boys are using it as a pin board but the americans had a way of
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amusing themselves. here is the first official ceremony held in france when general collins presented the flag made out of parachute clothe to the may i don't have of cherbourg holding the microphone. our boys were given clean uniforms for the occasion, and soon the people that came back to cherbourg after the fighting stopped came to visit us. here we see ernie pyle in the center and talking to a colonel of the signal car and this is burt brandt who we saw earlier shooting for ap, cecil cons and john maglency and here is, oh, gosh, 25 years has done a lot to my memory, but the troops began to move in the opposite direction to attack the enemy on
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the line, and we were passing through the city of valone and of course it was completely destroyed. i was there several times since the war and it's been rebuilt beautifully, but the germans tried to make a stand here and wherever they did try to make a stand we had to knock them out and in so doing destroyed the city. a little later on, i had an opportunity to see the construction that was built by slave labor, and all along the beach, especially in the normandy area as well as other areas they built these triangles, many of them had mines attached to them so that if a boat touched them they would explode, and i was told after taking this walk that i should be very careful not to step where the ground is soft. this is a church in bar fleur
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that was a pretty little town that the germans evacuated because the commander liked the city so much, the little town so much that he didn't want to see it destroyed, and just actually withdrew rather than let it be destroyed. it was a little fishing village, and i had the good fortune of coming back several times because the hotel was still intact and serving very excellent french food. a little further down the coast we found these fortifications built by slave labor, and even these metal fences just to keep us from landing in the area, and these heavy fortifications that were many feet thick, and these correspondents were looking it over. in some areas the germans saw to it that they were destroyed, blowing them up so that we couldn't use them against them if they tried to take them back.
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they even destroyed their own weapons, but we noticed that the walls and fortifications were very thick and very trostrong. the area was taken over by the navy and there was an observation post right on the -- this is near a town called grandville, and there is a light house at the point that sort of separated normandy from brittany. that's the observation post the germans used, and it's under the command of our naval officers to use as an observation post. soon we brought in some of our big armaments and they were set up in a field. even though the guns were firing, the french people were bringing in the crops as though nothing was happening. this surprised me and i couldn't help but wanting to make a picture of it. of course these heavy guns caused terrific concussion, and
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it was difficult to hold a hand-held camera that long. one of the first things that the americans did was to build an airstrip in the st. mary gliese area not far from the coast and they used a strip that was supported by metal wire to keep the planes from sinking into the ground, and they were using it also as a place to take off from with 500 pound bombs under each wing, but the strip was so rough that frequently the bombs would break loose, and even though they were armed, they had to be disarmed and taken off the runway. these were p-47s they were using here. there's one carrying a bomb under each wing to attack the enemy deep behind the lines.
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you notice these two planes taking off at once raising considerable dust, but managing to get off a very short runway. here you notice a plane, you notice the buckle under the wheels. this sometimes caused the mesh wire to break and come up and hit the planes propeller causing it to crash before it left the ground, and here's an unfortunate accident, two of our planes. here we see some pictures made by automatic cameras that were installed in the fighter planes because when a pilot reported that he had shot down an enemy plane, he wasn't given credit unless his pictures proved that the plane was shot down, and these automatic cameras would operate in conjunction with his machine guns, and if you look
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closely, you'll see the pilot jump out of the plane in the shot. but you notice, too, that a lot of these planes are still carrying the extra fuel tanks that they were carrying underneath the wing, and whenever the bullets hit that tank, the plane would explode as you will see here. but when you saw shots like this, you know that the pilot never got back. one of the highlights of our trip across france was mount sei michelle was on a river that separated normandy from brittany, and here we met some of the other correspondents. this is bob capper from time magazine. i know there's a member in the audience who knew bob kappa. he was eventual ri killed. he was covering the war in indo china. we found the pulad hotel, run by
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madame pulad. she served delicious omelets for which she was famous. that's ma dom puld. a lot of fighters gathered. we were closer to the front line if you could call it such than we were at our main bases and there we see the river that separates normandy from brittany. this is a beautiful little island, and the building at the top is a monastery that was still intact. it was not destroyed at all, and here are some of our gis looking over the sites of the monastery being shown around by a woman guide. soon we met some of the other correspondents we knew, and here we see charles collingwood the
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gentleman on the right with helen cookpatrick of chicago daily news and the bald headed chap, liebling wrote many stories for new yorker magazine, and he died not many years ago. this is charles collingwood and helen kirk patrick of the chicago daily news. this is ernest hemingway. hemmingway was covering for colliers magazine, and we met him. here he is seen talking with bill walton who incidentally became a fast friend of president kennedy and these are just moments that we could take a little time out to rest. there's helen kirkpatrick, and the man in the center in this picture is bill stringer, and he was killed trying to get into paris. one of the things that correspondents try to do is to get into paris before anyone
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else, and he was hit by an 88 shell, but this is just a moment of relaxation. we had a few, and of course these are the shots intd wante bring home to the family and friends, but the little island was very quaint, and it was a very old place, but it was fortified in several ways. we discovered that the beaches in the area, especially when the tide was out would be high and dry, and they put those sticks in the sand to keep our planes from landing. we found a little family of three brothers and even the tall blond one was a boy i found out later because their fwrm grandm is taking care of them. their parents i was told were killed at the battle of st. lowe. one afternoon rather late i walked out behind the island because as the sun was setting, i could get some interesting shots of the island from the
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seaside because they have an extremely high tide here and would leave the island high and dry, but the time would come in real fast, and there was always danger of quick sand, so i didn't stand in one place too long. but the receding waters left this unusual design in the sand. we didn't say at mont st. michelle long, but continued on deeper into france, in fact, i went into brittany for a while, and discovered that the boys had found a lake there, which we'll see in a moment, but the countryside was beautiful. it was during the summer, and the crops were still in the field, but our boys after washing out of a helmet for many weeks decided to use this beautiful lake for a bath. they were permitted to do so because they were fighting the enemy at an area called st. malo
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and incidentally you probably recall the germans held out at st. malo for many months almost until the end of the war. of course it's the american sense of humor that helped them win the war, too. but here are some of the correspondents that we sometimes traveled together and we found a little river that proved to be useful as a bath. the -- there are a lot of these small rivers afternoon france and at every moment that we could spare, the correspondents, this is a group of them. that's ralph morris in the front, and broderick and joe priestly, and of course here we see edward g. robinson. edward g. robinson is one of the many actors and actresses that came to normandy to entertain our troops and they held a show
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right in this normandy bond that was not too far from the fighting, and i found out later that the intermission had to be called when the shells came too close. of course all you had to do is point a camera at robinson and he acted. soon we found ourselves in ramboulier. it was 52 kilometers from paris and was headquarters for all the correspondents that came there. we see ernie pyle on the left and george stevens, the hollywood director, myself and pete carroll. it was shortly after these pictures were taken that ernie pyle decided to return back to the states and then went to the pacific where he was killed. george stevens was a very well-known hollywood director i'm sure you'll recall, and he died only a few years ago, but practically every correspondent turned out to try to get into
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the city of paris, but we found as i said earlier that the general eisenhower had given permission to the second french armored gigs division to take t city of paris because the important thing was to destroy the enemy, and they didn't consider paris as a target that would delay them if they did try to take the city themselves. they wanted to circumvent the city because they wanted to give the honor to the french. general eauclaire was in command of the second army division and refused to let the correspondents accompany his force to get into the city simply because he didn't want any shots made until he had the city secure. we were glad to see paris because it was a city of great beauty, and we were amazed at
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the way the people turned out, these are some of the shots taken on the first day of liberation. i just didn't nearly get enough of these shots because there was too much to do, and soon general degaulle came into the city and paraded down. here he is taking a salute ask receiving some flowers from a french girl. it must be remembered that the girl was not well-known at this time, and very few people could listen to the radio reports that told about his work in england prior to crossing the channel. but soon he became very popular. it seemed as though everybody in paris turned out to see degaulle and he was marching at this point, and it was a tremendous sight to see. later in the day, our own troops paraded down the avenue and this was something that made us all proud, and here's degaulle parading and suddenly firing
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opened up from forces that were left behind, and they thought from the ffe on some of the fascists that were still in the city trying to panic the people, but if you stuck your head out a window you were bound to lose it, and this went on continuously for several hours. in fact, i was in the middle of this thing, and these are shots that i took of people lying flat on the ground. they'd get under our car. we couldn't move the car while they were trying to get the people to stop shooting by raising white flags, but it went on continuously, and although it was small arm fire, degaulle stood his ground. this is the way the streets of paris looked on the day of liberation. they did catch some of these people who were responsible for the shooting, at least they told us that, and unfortunately they beat them to death right on the spot. it was a rather ugly sight to
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see, but somehow it was the war of nerves. some of the buildings still contained germans that were at headquarter points and they were sworn at by the french. these are some shots made late in the day of the american troops marching through the streets of the city on their way to the front lines. wherever we stopped the french were there to trade sham pchamp for cigarettes and to talk to us and find out what was going on. we were able to see the city. it wasn't badly destroyed. there were some small arms fire. the lion lost his tailings b, b generally speaking all the bridges were intact over the city, and the -- this is the opera house, and it essentially was my first trip to paris, i
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enjoyed seeing the beautiful city of paris. seen the people of paris were out parading again along the shauns lee say with their newfound liberty. we discovered that the eiffel tower which was reported destroyed, was still intact, and soon i managed to get permission to go up into the eiffel tower and see what it looked like from up above. but there was much to be done, and even though paris looked beautiful, conditions were very poor. the railroads were practically destroyed. there was no way of bringing in food. in fact, when we were coming down the road, we saw large trucks waiting to get into the city loaded with all kind of food stuffs to support the city, which was in dire need not only of food but of coal because at this time it was getting pretty cold. it is late in the year, and there was no way of getting
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supplies in. these are scenes from the eiffel tower showing the scene and the buildings close to the eiffel tower. we see some troops parading through the streets, but we had to move on, and soon i had to leave paris, and found myself in the countryside beyond paris and went into belgium where i managed to get into brussels. these are some scenes of the otoy racetrack, which we found was open shortly after the liberation. this surprised everyone, but they made them close the track after a few days of meeting, but one of the things that did surprise everyone is how well-dressed the french women were, and they had a way of
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using whatever they had to make themselves look really attractive, and i understand this annoyed some of the other allied countries very much to think that they could get by like that. they even opened up the art galleries along streets, and we didn't know whether they were permitted to do this prior to our getting there, but they certainly opened up for business very shortly after we arrived. we found a painter at work in the old quarter of paris, and shortly after leaving paris, i was in an area called ar dennes the reason i took these shots of the country because the weather was turning cold and the trees were turning their fall colors.
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this is a town that was completely destroyed on the breakthrough that occurred and the attack. i was in bashtone just a few days before the breakthrough and was fortunate enough to get out of there not knowing about the attack, but i did think that this was a place that the enemy could hide troops, and they did. that's general collins again talking to general morris roase who was in command of the third armored division. this is general rose on the left. general rose was killed in cologne. it was an unfortunate happening because he thought they had the place protected but there were some enemy troops in the area, and he was shot. these are units of the third armored division that were fighting the enemy, and we managed to get some shots of them as they were being entertained by german children. we had a tremendous reception all the way across france, but
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when we got to germany, the reception was not there. all the homes in the german area had white flags in front of them as an indication of course of surrender, and the children here were actually on their way to school, and the children everywhere looked cute and they're holding their ears because our guns are firing not far away, and they were just trying to avoid the noise. we found the siegfried line as it was called, or the dragon's teeth which were built again by slave labor i'm told, and they were not a fortification against our tanks because our bulldozers took dirt and pushed it over the top of the them and rode right over the top, but we found these fortifications stretched out from one end of germany to the other because somehow they felt that we'd perhaps get to germany, and they were trying to
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keep us out, but they didn't succeed, of course. the war was moving rather rapidly at some points in germany, and soon i found myself in the town of okin. okin was under fire when these pictures were taken. that's the reason the scenes are devoid of people. there were mortar shells passing over our heads always time, and the enemy was holding the center of the city as we were making these shots, and we were just wondering how long the battle would take and we discovered that the troops were just down behind that mold or that wreckage in the distance, and soon we discovered that these reserves were just a block or two behind the front line, and they were wait to be called in. i was told later on that the captain you saw in the picture a moment ago, as somebody in the audience knew him and said he was killed in the action that
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took place hortshortly after th. after ark and i was invited to fly home skpshs th, and this is i was glad to be able to do because here we see some of the cemeteries built on the normandy beaches above the beaches, and these are scenes of berlin showing the tremendous damage that occurred in the city. the bombings were intense and very little of berlin was left standing. it shows that wars don't seem to prove very much except to destroy property and kill people, and we sometimes think that maybe one day we'll learn how to avoid wars and perhaps we've made wars so deadly that we'll have to avoid them in the long run to stay alive. soon i was able to photograph some of the events when general eisenhower came back to the states and was greeted in kansas
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city. these shots were made with a telephoto lens at quite a distance. then i was able to visit the collection of some of the weapons the germans used, just after the invasion. this is the v 2 rocket that followed the v 1s. the v 1s were a terror weapon and the v 2s were certainly the same, but that was the first time they used rockets, and they were able to shoot them great distances. the v 1s and i heard many of them come overhead were like a motorcycle engine, and whenever the motor stopped, it would caused bomb to drop. the germans had jet planes in the air before the war ended, and here is one that they actually used, and it showed a record of many american planes and if you noticed, 42 russians were shot down by this plane before it was captured by our
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side, and in this exhibit we see one of the japanese cam casome e bombs that was on exhibition and one of our pilots is trying it for size, and they didn't like the idea that you only had a one-way ticket because they were intended to destroy the target they were after and the pilot with it. this plane was built by the enemy to destroy new york. here we see some shots of what i call the -- what the next war might look like, and this is the explosion of the atomic bomb in new mexico, and i always like to feel when i show these pictures that perhaps it will remind people that we ought to remember what world war ii was like and world war iii would be much
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worse. i like to say that repeat what one scientist aptly put it when he said the atomic bomb is here to stay. the question is are we? and that brings us to the end of our film, and thank you very much. >> this is a special edition of american history tv, a sample of the compelling history programs that air every weekend on american history tv, like lectures in history, american artifacts, real america, the civil war, oral histories, the presidency, and special event coverage about our nation's history. enjoy american history tv now and every weekend on c-span 3. wednesday american history tv looks at the 50th anniversary
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of the stonewall riots. historian mark stein joined us from the stonewall national monument in new york city's greenwichville a village to tal the six days of protest starting in june of 1969 that became a turning point for gay rights in the u.s. the stonewall riots starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern here on c-span 3. there has been discussion about an appearance before congress. any testimony from this office would not go beyond our report. it contains our findings and analysis and the reasons for the decisions we made. we chose those words carefully and the work speaks for itself. and the report is my testimony. i would not provide information beyond that which is already public in any appearance before congress. >> former special counsel robert mueller is set to appear before two committees of congress. the house judiciary committee
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and the house intelligence committee on wednesday, july 17th, at 9:00 a.m. eastern. he'll testify in open session about his report into russian interference in the 2016 election. watch live coverage on c-span 3, online at or listen with the free c-span radio app. book tv has four days of programming this fourth of july weekend. thursday at noon eastern, james traube and peter drummy, contributor's to c-span's latest book, "the presidents" talk about their ranks of the chief executives. >> john quincy adams is a person i think a lot of people, and i think you've expressed this very well, he's not an easy person to like. he's hard. he can be terrifying in his sort of vehemence. >> friday at 7:20 eastern, the late historian tony horowitz on
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frederick law homestead's reports on the south in the lead up to the civil war in his book "spying on the south". >> in the opening episode of my own travels, i describe a woman in a bar in west virginia who essentially sees right through me and says i get it, you know, you're a yankee boy down here spying on us hill billies. so the title was also kind of a joke on myself. saturday at 1:00 p.m. eastern in her book "after life" alice marie johnson reflects on her time in prison before president trump's commutation on her sentence in 2018. >> i stayed there for 15 years. you just imagine i was told i would only leave prison as a corpse. that i would take my last dying breath in prison. do you think that was a recipe for hope? >> sunday from noon to 2:00 p.m. eastern on in-depth, author and
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grove city college professor paul kingor will be our guest. on 9:00 eastern on afterwards, author jameel describes the rise in violence committed by young men around the world. he's interviewed by brooklyn law school professor ben et capers. >> when he we talk about other form of violence like when a white supremacist attacks a mosq mosque, for instance, often the narrative goes back to rhetoric. we have these politicians saying this and this and that's why immigran -- someone -- if that's the case, then a billion dollars industry that is built on young black men talking about guns, is that rhetoric not relevant to the homicide rate in this country? >> watch book tv all weekend on c-span 2. next historian, author and reenactor jared frederick
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describes the fourth infantry role in the d-day invasion of france. it gives a tour of an encampment of his world war ii reenactment group. it part of the annual heritage day. this runs 30 minutes. my name is jared frederick. i'm an instructor of history at penn state altoona, and i'm also a reenactor with the world war ii living history group, and we are here at army heritage days at the u.s. army heritage and education center in carlisle, pennsylvania, and at this event, it is a major complex. we're here on the army heritage trail, and one can find reenactors or living historians from all different time periods ranging from the 17th surgecentp to the present. my group, ou


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