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tv   National History Day - Dimes over Disease  CSPAN  August 31, 2019 5:14pm-5:27pm EDT

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routinely armed. not because they were eagle to kill their opponents, but out of fear their opponents might kill them. >> yale history professor joanne freeman will be our guest sunday from noon to 2 p.m. eastern. her latest book is the field of blood. her other titles include the essential hamilton, hamilton writings, and affairs of honor. join our live conversation with your phone calls, tweets and facebook questions. at 9 p.m. eastern, in his latest examines ifwe evangelicals are choosing political power over christian values. >> i think the lesser evil argument is tempting but dangerous. it permeates to keeping a system in place that takes accountability out of the system. i think it also is an easy way to bring in something like evangelic iism or any other
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faith and use that as a way to get votes, which seems like the worst way christians who do. >> watch book tv every weekend on c-span2. than 500ear, more thousand students competed in national history day at the local level. just 3000 students advanced to the finals of the university of maryland in june. the 2019 theme was triumph and tragedy. the presentation categories included exhibits, websites, documentary, paper and performance. next, a 10 minute performance from three middle school students from mills river, north carolina. >> hello, my name is annie. >> we would like to present to you our junior group performance. >> dimes over disease. >> how the triumph of account ability changed how america interacted with infectious disease. >> changing the course of human
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history. >> these casualties in the millions were real people. >> real dreams. >> real families. >> andrea lives. >> according to a historian, the death toll was 10 million. >> responded to the second century outbreak. >> using his personal resources. >> think of what a privilege it is to be alive. nk,greedrni, to think -- to dri to think, to enjoy, to love. romans, thee suffers of the bubonic plague allowed leaders to regulate panic. it has been reappropriated into a symbol of pop-culture. >> a highly recognizable symbol of fear. >> the popular monty python. >> i'm not dead yet. >> smallpox.
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>> dating back to the third century b.b. c. >> it spread through trade routes. >> resulting in the downfall of the ancient empire. >> documented the process. >> i'm going to tell you a thing that will make you wish you were here. --allpox, so fata >> tuberculosis. >> descriptions of this disease romanticized it. >> edgar ellen pao and victor thathad actors suffer from tuberculosis. could she die? it is a path i pray to follow. peel away from a a plague is appealing, does not
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care the disease. >> lepers were left to die in hawaii and it became a colony. >> he cared for the sick by teaching them and leading them in worship. >> he began the service. >> and would continue to do so until his death. >> typhoid. >> how ice cream killed thousands. [couhghing] some vanilla type -- salmonella type e. forcefully for mary -- she specialized in the concocting of ice cream. >> she was immune to this disease but did she spread it. >> boil it, cook it, toss it. >> it is used today in sanitary practices. >> what did we learn? >> we need a strong central leader to minimize panic. >> the bubonic plague.
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>> we learned what not to do. >> smallpox. >> the possibility of vaccines and value scientific research. >> tuberculosis. >> it is dangerous to make someone hemophiliac. >> typhoid. >> regulations to prepare our food. >> leprosy. >> those affected are still part of society. >> humanity has a struggle against legs. struck the's, polio american population and the country's response revolutionized. recruited volunteers and cared for those afflicted. this is a triumphant example of when tragedy is met with strength and commitment. >> an unprecedented effort unfolded. >> outside of military applications -- >> generated such success in a national epidemic. >> inspiring leaders. >> a brilliant scientist. >> polio is an infectious
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disease which invades a person's brain and spinal cord and causes paralysis. old, hadi was 39 years been married to my wife for 15 years. six children. lost the bid for vice president and i contracted polio. >> polio is one of the diseases in the u.s. panic over polio intensifies. late summer is polio season. public swimming pools were shut down. movie theaters instructed not to sit close together. >> suddenly, my husband was paralyzed from the waist down. franklin continued down the length of his legs. at first, heartbroken seeing their father in a vulnerable state. eventually, accepted his limitations and helped his acceptance of them. >> those who are fortunate to be
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in full possession of the muscular power do not understand what it means to the human being paralyzed i this disease. it means the difference between being dependent on others and being totally independent. this expense has led me to theounce the formation -- national foundation for infantile paralysis ensures that every responsible research agency in this country will be adequately financed to carry on investigations into the cause of polio and the method by which it may be prevented. >> a public relations pioneer suggested the nationwide party be held in honor of the president's birthday to raise funds for combating this new epidemic. >> if my birthday may be of any help, take it. >> it was presented to publishers across the country. >> honored to be appointed director. >> the directions were clear. >> select the arrangements.
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>> manage the expenses. >> the national committee will receive one dollar. halls large cities, union for the working class. >> banquets for the financial elite. weall of them, the slogan -- dance so others may walk. on the president's birthday, over 6000 parties were staged. >> $1 million was presented to the president. >> a lot of securities with the president. this was a watershed event. overnight, the active giving became a patriotic duty. fip -- formation of n >> one of the country's number one health threat. >> completely defeat of on the other. >> in the 1920's, charitable
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giving was at a fever pitch. supported the red cross. >> the great depression change that. >> the cingulate in small donations. hostedpular entertainer a popular national radio and tv show and a good friend of fdr. >> we could call it the march of dimes. >> we could ask the people to send their times directly to the president of the u.s. >> good evening, ladies and gents. bringing you the hour. i would like to speak with you regarding an important message. the march of dimes will allow you even the children to show our president we are with him. >> two days after this radio address, the white house reported a modest increase in volume. two days after that, the roof fell in. 5000, 30000 and then 150,000 letters. >> the united states government
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could not clear enough dimes. >> the basic strategy remain the same. >> giving millions of ordinary people a stake in the crusade. by the 1950's, polio was one of the serious communicable diseases among children in the u.s. 50,000 alone, nearly children contracted this disease. thousands were paralyzed and 3000 died. >> the combination of a national leader having a personally's variance with polio and american public motivated by fear paid for this. >> the march of dimes directly funded the work and resulted in the creation of a vaccine. murrow famously asked who wrote the patent? >> people i would say. there is no patent. >> he gave the formula away for free. >> the vaccine work. >> the american public rejoiced.
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>> for thousands of years, it plagued humanity. >> in the united states of america in the middle of a crisis that left our children unable to stand -- >> to jump. >> to walk. >> we united and we won. >> it left a sitting u.s. president unable to stand unassisted which led him to start a foundation. >> the u.s. people donated time and money. >> which resulted in the cure and a triumph group. [applause] >> clyde posley talks about the history of activism among black athletes, including the black power salute made by tommie smith and john carlos during the 1968 olympics in mexico. he is the author of "more than icons and images."
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interviewed mr. posey, senior pastor at the antioch baptist church, at the annual black history luncheon in washington, d.c. >> clyde posley, you wrote a book about hidden protest narratives in the black american athlete. tell me where you feel it begins. clyde: i believe that the protest narrative actually began the moment that africans were brought to american soil. we are celebrating the dubious 400 year anniversary of that arrival here, and immediately upon the arrival of blacks on the american shores, slaveowners began to be enamored with the black male physique, so much so that it caused them to engage these black men, warriors, several types of warriors and chiefs into various types of sport -- headbutting, cockfighting, and what is familiar to many as mandingo

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