tv Reel America Ronald Reagan Citizen Governor - 1968 CSPAN September 14, 2019 10:28pm-11:01pm EDT
american people, and that is what i would like to try to do. >> i would like a president we can believe in. senator mcgovern: i hope i will be that kind of a president. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2019] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] historyfall, american america" is winding back the clock on campaigns. "ronald reagan: citizen governor" is a film about the tracing ronald reagan as a labor leader, spokesperson for general electric, speeches and his conservative approach to government. ronald reagan lost the 1968 election to the eventual winner of the general election, richard nixon. the following political program is sponsored
by citizens for reagan committee. placed her hand on the bible and raise your right hand. do solemnly swear you will support and defend the constitution of the united states and the constitution of the state of california, against all enemies, foreign or domestic? >> i do. faitht you will bear full and allegiance to the constitution of the united states and the constitution of the state of california, that you take this obligation freely. narrator: ronald reagan became governor of california january 2, 19 67. governor reagan was born and raised in illinois. >> i do. >> governor reagan, i declare you to be duly installed as governor of the state of california. narrator: as in eleanor republican said, government
by thebe of the people, people, for the people. -- republicanillinois said, government should be of the people, by the people, for the people. [applause] government, of the people, by the people, for the people, arrived that night in california. j.b.: -- i am here with: those i love the most and ,riends to share this moment and i'm fully cognizant of the importance of this and what it means to so many people.
someone back in our history, i think it was benjamin franklin, bringf ever someone could to public office the precepts of peace -- the precepts of the prince of peace, he would revolutionize the world and men would remember him for 1000 years. i could never be so presumptuous to think he could do that or follow those precepts completely . i can't tell you this, i will try very hard. is needed in today's world. narrator: how did governor reagan get to be governor? how did he do it? the hard way. by beating the unbeatable pat brown. johnson,, like lyndon was an organizer of power, a
willing tool of those who believed in tax and tax, spend and spend, elect and elect. something patas brown was an expert in. in 1958, pat brown ran for governor against the most powerful republican in california, the minority leader of the u.s. senate, william milland. won by one million votes. >> i sent my congratulations to attorney general edmund brown. tois given the opportunity be chief executive of the state of california for the next four years. brown ranin 1962, against another republican of national stature, former vice president richard nixon, and brown defeated him by almost 250,000 votes. brownongratulate governor
, as herb client has already indicated, for his victory. the republican party new leadership in california needs a new birth of spirit, a new birth of unity. bill milland, dick nixon, what republican was left? the more they thought about it, the more they remembered ronald reagan, and they remembered that speech he gave at the 1964 convention. and inalienable rights are now considered a dispensation of government and freedom has never been so fragile, so close to slipping from our grasp as it is at this moment. winston churchill said the destiny of man is not measured by material computations. when great forces are on the move, we learn we are spirits not animals. he said there is something going on in time and space and beyond
time and space, which whether we like it or not spells duty. you and i have a rendezvous with destiny. we will preserve for our children this, the last best hope of man on earth, or sentence them to take the last step into 1000 years of darkness. more to: but was there ronald reagan than one campaign speech? yes. a lot more. of ronaldt the start reagan's interest in public affairs and public issues. public affairs are something ronald reagan has been active in four over 20 years. reagan shed his army officer's uniform and returned to hollywood. he became active in labor union affairs. ronald reagan was elected six times to be president of the screen actors guild, the afl-cio union of 15,000 doctors and actresses who work in motion pictures. he led his union and contract negotiations, and strikes
against hollywood studios. ronald reagan is the only labor union president ever to be elected governor of any state in the country. in 1947, ronald reagan traveled to washington to testify at house un-american activities committee hearings. >> as a citizen, i would hesitate, or i would not like to see any party outlawed on the basis of political ideology. inhave spent 170 years this country that democracy is strong enough to stand on itself. narrator: in 1950 four ronald reagan became host of "the general electric theater" at his cross-country speaking engagements with the people of america began. ron reaganaware that was a strong union man, and a
strong democrat. though, thatced, he was speaking from a political or labor partisan viewpoint. i recall one time he said he thought the democratic party he had been associated with had left him. 1960's,ink in the early he registered at h -- registered as a republican. narrator: for over 20 years, he had been speaking out on public issues, but never as a political candidate. perhaps his time had come. for several years and through the 1960 four election, the republican party in california was badly divided. what the party desperately needed was a man who could unite the party, someone who
could end party feuds and heal party wounds, someone who could carry the republican party to victory at the polls. that someone turned out to be ronald reagan. narrator: but ronald reagan was not an easy man to convince. in 1948, the- democrats asked him to run for congress. he refused. in 1962, republicans approached him about running for senate or state house. he refused. but this time, too many californians wanted him. he couldn't refuse. to a decision that a short time ago i would have thought impossible for me to make, and yet i make it with no lingering doubt or hesitation. as of now, i am a candidate seeking the republican nomination for governor. narrator: did the people respond? they loved it. ♪ [applause]
governor of the state of california, ronnie reagan. ♪ ["california here i come"] ♪ narrator: he gave the voters the facts. [applause] >> the administration of california's welfare is in such a style of red tape that it is becoming difficult for this program to fulfill its purpose. each new applicant for welfare must be greeted by the filling out of 15 separate forms. this is followed by a constant reevaluation and the submission of these reports, to where counties have protested to countynto, from each office of welfare, 180
complaints a month. other forms must be filled out when a recipient has a special need, and county welfare officials have charged that for special claims totaling as little as one dollar to the welfare recipients, paperwork to process that claim comes to $10 and the administrative budget. he might try to explain why in this last five years, and 18% increase in our population has been met with a 49% increase in the number of people on welfare, and a 100% increase in the cost of welfare. perhaps the time has come for institutions of higher learning to assert themselves as positive forces in the battle for men's minds, and this could mean they might insist upon mature, sponsor book conduct and respect from the individuals of their faculty members, and might call on them to be proponents of ethical and moral standards demanded by the great majority in our society. narrator: he gave the voters the
facts. the voters gave him their votes. where democrats outnumber republicans 3-2, ronald reagan won by one million votes. [crowd chanting] >> we want reagan. we want reagan. we want reagan. narrator: we didn't achieve any narrow, partisan victory this time, we have many friends from the other party and independence. governor met his first crisis, education. governor reagan made a reasonable statement about tuition. education we have been and are providing a premium service, and education equal to the best and prorating a university budget we spend nearly $3000 a year to educate each student at the university level and half that much at the state college system. so far, those receiving this
education have not been required to share in the cost, which makes us unique among states. we suggested that if these economies threatened equality of numbers, we might assess a reasonable tuition, 10% of the cost. at the same time, students for whom this would be a hardship would have access to scholarships and loans payable after graduation. when i say we suggested tuition i mean just that. the governor cannot impose tuition. only the regents can make this decision for the university, and the legislature for the colleges, but i say to you, if colleges and universities can cut their budgets and maintain quality without tuition, it certainly will meet with my approval. i have no intention of asking californians -- some took the reasonable statement does a declaration of war. [crowd chanting] gentlemen, the
governor has come to see us. we all him a courtesy. i urge you to treat this man courteously and show respect for the office. i'd -- governor reagan: i do not believe it constitutes political interference for the people of this state to submit to the university or the academic community, telling the people of the state how much money they must put up for the support of that school and the people submissively giving end without having any voice with regard to the amount. [crowd noise] california's governor had more important work. he had inherited a state with too much debt, too much crime, too big a bureaucracy. as the governor had said, what is needed is not more government, but better government. his first move?
replace political hacks, turn government back to the people, get talented young citizens to work for the people. governor reagan: i inherited a government that was spending more than $1 million a day over and above state revenues. the governor had been spending like he was practicing to be president. the orderingze on of new cars. the anguished screams would have curdled your blood. we were told that for the first was a surplus of automobiles available in the state motor pools. our state employees were all over the place, so we put a freeze on out-of-state travel. we didn't tell them they couldn't go, we just said they had to tell us where they were going and why. and that reduced the budget for
out-of-state travel 78%. [applause] for eight years, the number of state employees had been increasing at a rate of 4% to 5.5% each year. we didn't think it was necessary, but we had to prove it so we put a freeze on hiring replacements for those who quit or retired. did bring thate annual increase to a halt at we have two point 5% fewer employees in the state of california than one year ago. not all our savings were in the area of millions of dollars. a stack of stationary with another fellow's name on it. i got some with my name on it
for formal correspondence. now the girls just x out that other name and type mind in. i get a certain amount of pleasure out of that. [applause] this was the most inspiring thing. returned to the people as we said we would. we turned to a blue-ribbon citizens committee, not to screen applicants for jobs, but torecruit employees, to go major business concerns and twist the arms of employers for bright young executives to take appointed positions in government. we gathered in one room several hundred of the leading people in our state, successful businesses, and we told this group we wanted their blood, we wanted them to give up their
businesses and occupations from four months to six months on a voluntary basis. there were chosen on the basis of their expertise and skills and knowledge. money to hire a business management firm. of our most successful citizens of just completed six months full-time, going into every agency and department of our state government and trimming back with 1800 specific recommendations as to how modern business practices can be put to work to make government more economical and more efficient. all over this great nation there are citizens who believe government is their business, and they are waiting to be asked. they are there if someone will give them a chance, if someone in government for a change will have faith in the people's ability to run their own affairs. [applause]
narrator: governor reagan's accomplishments in california were the kinds of things people all over the country asked him to talk about. and then, the inevitable happened. wherever he went, all over the country, people asked where he stood on national issues. this is where he stands. governor reagan: not too many days ago, our country was on fire because an assassin's bullet took one man's life. whatever you may think of martin luther king, whether you approved or disapproved, i think something of america was killed off. and i think the murder of that man was the death of america. it began with the first acceptance of compromise with the law, tolerance of those who would apply the law unequally
because of race or religion and acceptance of those who advocate breaking those laws with which they are in disagreement, and it includes those in government. unless and until they have the courage to say that the law will be affords -- be enforced equally to all and at all times with no exceptions. i have learned how our economy is not extended to all of our citizens. i have listened to their hopes and their hopelessness and i have heard their plea. curiously enough, it is not for more welfare, it is for jobs, and it is for good schooling and discipline in the school their children attend, not busing across town to some other school. and i have to ask myself why, why, in all these recent years have we as republicans left this whole humanitarian field to be preempted by the opposition,
when their record in the entire field of welfare, in their entire field of human relations, is one of colossal and almost complete failure? [applause] their whole, big government approach has institutionalized poverty, perpetuating its degradation until welfare becomes a way of life under second and third generation recipient families. they have tried this raising of people by mass movements, but our philosophy is based on a belief in the individual. in his freedom and in his rights, and in this area of human relations, we are dealing with individuals, each one of these people unique, each one crying out in his soul for his rightful heritage of dignity and the right to shape his own destiny. but we have a chance to prove as republicans that we are more than just negative critics.
we have a chance to prove that ours is the wave of the future. let's tell them that we will employ whatever measures are necessary to start saving hun beings, but we are going to stop destroying them. [applause] commission has accused our people of a sickness . well, many of us are sick, but not with the hatred and bigotry that they talk about. i think we are sick. we are sick of a so-called leadership at home that has left or ship without router compass, one who abandoned leadership, and those of his party would replace him -- who would replace him say they would not have waited this long to give the enemy across the table a victory he couldn't win on the field of battle. and what of the young man, leading their lives in the rice patties and jungle trails of
that faraway land? if their sacrifice in vain, if it was not in our national interest to have them there in the first place, who put them there and why? and if it is in our national interest for them to be there, why is it suddenly no longer so? and why, why have they been denied the victory they are so capable of winning? u.n. diode those young men -- you and i owe those young men a question. we should keep asking the question. ask if the enemy truly desires peace. then let him prove it by agreeing to a mutual cease-fire, so that when the talking starts, the dying stops. [applause] robert mcnamara, secretary of defense, has ended his wobegon demonstration of military ineptitude. others are falling away as the
palace guard struggles for power. his play had a seven year run beginning with the bay of pigs and closing with the humiliating theft of one of our ships on the kidnapping of 83 young americans. in the last as in the first, there was a foundering of purpose and loss of nerve -- has become fashionable of late, clever men who preside over our military force and strategy congratulate themselves on sidestepping another decision and avoiding action. the official explanation given for the inability for our air forces in the far east to move out in support of the pueblo is that all the fighters on alert in korea are equipped only for nuclear retaliation. but hasn't that been the most persistent claim of this administration? hasn't their claim been that we have moved at a cost of $500 billion over these last few years, from a nuclear footing to one that would avoid the threat of the bomb and give us a flexible response?
and now, when the response is needed, we have no response at all. our ship has been stolen, our young men kidnapped and our government assures us it is upset. strong letter follows. only excuse for being is to guarantee the collective strength of all of us and defensive of even wong among us, wherever the rights of that one are threatened. we are divided at home. our creditors hold a claim to our gold. our cones -- our coins are no longer silver. we no longer control the currency of this nation and are faced with the physical prices of a greater proportion known since the dark friday of october 1929. those in power lack the courage to take the steps called for, lest they prove politically unpopular. the people of this nation want leadership that is willing to face its moment of truth to remind our people of their heritage and their greatness, to give them back to courage, and our responsibility is to
preserve the values that made that americaneat, dream that we should reinstitute is not that everyman will be level with every other man, but that every man will have the freedom to be whatever god intended him to be, that government exists to preserve the rights of the least us when thoseng rights are unjustly denied, and government's function is to protect society from the lawbreaker and not the other way around. this country once a leadership, once a government in its capital that will offer the hand of friendship to every other nation, but not out of fear. peace is our purpose, but we want a nation that will say, we'll will always, at whatever cost, reserve the strength to keep that piece. strength to keep that peace. [applause]
and we will have the courage to tell people the truth, with faith and their willingness to support us in the hard decision that must be made. above all, the people of this country want a nation. once again. trying to buy the world's affection and start earning its respect. [applause] let us as republicans have the courage to lift such a banner, one that asks the best of all of us and of promising what seems to be the best for only some of us. we can lift that banner in the election year, and not a banner made up of the pale pastels of political expediency, not the idle promises made we have seen in the past made by our opposition, appealing to every voter block regardless of how it divides the country, turning american against american. let us instead appeal to another kind of voting block, a voting block that crosses racial and
religious and ethnic and political lines in this country, a voting block made up of the men and women who go to work, support their communities, support their churches and their charities, send their kids to school and to ask only that they be allowed to live their own lives, to make their own decisions with regard to their own destiny. the time has come for americans once again to prove their greatness. i think the republicans have an opportunity as well as a challenge, to be more than just a political party. this is a time for a crusade. this is a time for someone to offer this leadership. reagan,: ronald governor of the most powerful state in the union. where does he go from here? [applause]
governor reagan: the people in our land want something better and i believe they will follow our party if we stand for principle. do we know anyone who doesn't nurture a belief that government can be something worthy of haveride, that we can government of, by, and for the people? i want that for our children. i'm sure you wanted for yours. narrator: where does governor reagan go from here? in a government of the people, by the people and for the people, that is up to you to decide. the preceding political program sponsored by citizens for reagan committee. [crowd chanting] >> we want reagan. we want nancy. >> watch archival films on
public affairs on our weekly series "reel america," saturday at 10:00 p.m. and sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern here on american history tv. ♪ >> the house will be in order. c-span has been providing america unfiltered coverage of congress, the white house, the supreme court on public policy events from washington dc and around the country, so you can make up your own mind. c-span by cable in 1979, is brought to you by your local cable or satellite provider. c-span, your unfiltered view of government. ♪ in his new book, "talking to strangers" author malcolm locke -- whytails white heat he thinks people make inaccurate judgments about people they
don't know. >> i'm going to drag you out of here. >> you are going to drag me out of my own car? >> she was imprisoned for resisting arrest and two days later she hangs herself in her cell. a tragic and unexpected results, we saw, whichnge by the way, goes on and on and on and on, we only saw a small --ppet of it, is, of when i first saw that online, that was when i realized that i wanted to write about because, if you break that exchange down moment by moment you see multiple failures of understanding of empathy of a million things sunday night at 8:00 eastern on he stands q&a -- on c-span's q&a. , at on american history tv u.s. capital historical society program.
shakespeare enthusiast and senate finance committee democratic chief counsel michael hass discusses how the bard been invoked in historic congressional debate, in the political lessons that might he learned from his plays, especially the tragedies. >> today is very special. us, thens comes to graduate of salem state university, where he was just granted an honorary doctorate for his significant contributions to public service, so we can now call him dr. evans. [applause] small lawe went to a school called harvard, and from there, he took all that education and became a public servant. he served as the democratic staff chief cause celebre deputy staff director, has been involved as a senate