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tv   U.S. Coast Guard Commandant Remarks at Center for Strategic ...  CSPAN  October 15, 2019 8:03pm-9:00pm EDT

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he spoke about the coast guard mission, including modernization efforts, and military efforts. from the center for strategic and international studies, this is little less than an hour. >> good morning, everyone. welcome to csis. thank you. i'm kathleen hicks. i direct the national security program here. our ceo wanted to be here this morning to welcome the commandant, but he's been under the weather, so i get to both
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moderate the conversation and also do that. before i begin, i just want to remind everyone that this is the fourth of our maritime security dialogue series of 2019. our maritime security dialogue is co-hosted between csis and our partners at the u.s. naval institute. and our goal is to highlight current issues and future challenges facing the navy, marine corps and coast guard. i want to thank our sponsor, huntington ingalls industries who has made this possible. today we're talking with admiral karl schultz, a commandant of the marine corps. and i want to get right into
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it. we were lucky enough to have you join us in august of 2018. pete daily was the moderator for that session and here we are a year-plus beyond that, a few months beyond that when you began which was roughly may 2018. i would love to ask you to reflect a bit on where you feel the coast guard is really making progress on the key issues you're facing and where you feel like you still have significant hurdles you want to tackle. >> sure. good morning. >> good morning. >> thank you and thank you for the opportunity to be back here at csis. i took over on 1 june and here we are a year and a half later. it's been a fascinating 16 months or so here. we came in rolling into the job, i think i saw the biggest opportunity challenge ahead of us to be the demand for coast guard services. the number one priority, and really
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doubled down. with that strategy and the fall, and put out the strategic outlook, that looked out the we focus on what was the coast guard there. the average citizen doesn't have the coast guard to be looked at what is our role, modernizing information systems, and we build a coast guard workforce that will keep pace. they will double here, we look at the artist for strategic outlook in this past spring, and were talked about it in the 2018. there is a bit of an ocean, and we are optimistically hoping for that. we crafted, at this
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event, and we are off to the races. we were in the past is april and the conversation now is not about, but have actually built additional, we focus and on a six-year strategy, that needed to be heavy and that we continue to build national security and focus a lot on people. and one of the things i see is the biggest challenge facing my success at common dot is a collaborative workplace. more than 70% are eligible to serve, we have 15% women, society at large, so we have to better their to represent minorities, 35 years where they went without pay, that was challenging. and iraq that's a little bit as an arm servicemen,
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left out like that so it's been pretty fast. >> to put a final point on that, the department of defense to receive appropriations that because you are under department of homeland security coast guard. >> it was interesting because starting the physical year through november 21st, that creates some challenges for federal agencies. the coast guard is not unique to others but we'll see where we go in the coming weeks. >>, okay i want to go back over some of the things that you mentioned. you're able to tease all the big issues. let's are on the peoples side. to recruit and retain, which has been a challenge for some of the other armed services. how is the coast guard doing if you mentioned the issue of trying to attract more women, so i would love for you to reflect on that. what are the challenges you are facing and how is the coast guard going about that challenge?
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>> back in january 2018, if you pay attention to the armed forces at large, one of the systems -- we are on a 20 year, you have nothing until 20 and then you have 50% as of 2018, we have 2% a year and you can draw after 12 years, so the young marine looks around and says, do i really want to continue to serve here. we offer about 18 months kicker to reach two more years. and about a nine years, if he had that coast guard at that, point you have until 20 years because you can get a little bit of return on the investment. >> it's a good thing for the nation, we put a nation at war here so i don't think men and women will serve without some kind of post-traumatic stress disorder. that's that, for the organization like the coast guard, who's journeyman a lot of marketable skills, it's something we really have to pay attention to. so a young coast guard, female marine science
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technician down in houston who is very savvy, in the coming, years working on the waterfront as a family and they can do the pay charts as well. so they offer the smart coast guard woman hundred 50 k to stay in place, seen as a spouse that's working, kids that are. happy that challenging for us our retention matters. that's going to be challenging for the coast guard but we have to have a great brand, we have to focus on the coast, and their families, health care and we kept at about 50% tuition. and a flat budget environment, it's one of the tough choices we make. we look at all those things. >> another thing you mentioned is readiness operations. what is your sense of your recovery path. what are you on that path?
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is that the right way to describe it? >> one thing i did not mention, and the women's retention they hit the street and, march we have been underway for the good part of the year, we are losing women there on what we call our body, and we go in the scale, it will be enough for it and if you did not get enough, we do body fat measures, we find where it's threefold rate. we have some new body composition programs, the initial way that you walk hand and the new circumference, we try to for folks that are below. if you have a colocated spouse, we will guarantee you that you and
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i were a couple, years for, years i had to. what kind of decisions are you making interview childcare. we'll find out what they will get. if you step out to have a child, it is to be because we have a lot of small units, you'll be away for a long time. so you're shipmates pick up the slack for the good part of the departure. we'll figure out what's right here and here she got some active time and were pretty proud of that. it resonated a lot with our workforce. we continue to march down the road with that. back to your readiness question. on the readiness front, it's been a lot of a dialog. when the president came in in 2016, it was the national security presidential that was really
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how we are going to make the armed forces more healthy, they were having the same readiness conversation. and i think this was an overt coast guard focused and there was a total person uptake, that is how you pay for this to the taxpayer. we weren't part of that conversation, so we have been about, this a, nine year, flat detrimental trajectory. versus education, and talking about, we are a armed force, we have the same challenges training, recruitment, those things that we talked about already we do about a billion dollars of work and support of the geographic on an annual basis with the same week at, no cost of living adjustment and it goes back every year. we're trying to have the appropriate conversations inside the
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administrations, across the river of the pentagon with military leadership and i'm not trying to say that we have a fix on that but it's what they call a non emergency fund. it's technical jargon but if we could close that gap i think that would really advance the discussion. on capitol hill, i think our messaging has been exactly what we are, seeing 20 budget and a congressional stage. we have not seen that yet but i think some of the markups show some sensitivity or awareness of what we are asking for and really about those dollars to help us deliver frontline services. i think it's the for your focus on this readiness crusade here. >> i'm going to get to all around the world so it may be an entry point into it but, modernization, can you talk a little bit about the modernization priority for the coast guard, part of which i know what you've already achieved. >> on an organizational
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standpoint we will continue to make some changes and keep your personal and you can always get things 100 percent right, so we are trying to, and terms of platforms the centric modernization we will build, but they are just a little bit success. i was looking, we have national security adviser and the coast guard cutter, with all of the national security cutter, does doing great things to support adam world davis for the dprk, whether that's partnering with the philippines, or strong kings, to the enemies, whether it's putting a different face on the south
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china sees, a little bit of the challenge that off our patrol, we were awarded and we have the shipbuilding group, a very devastating category five hurricane that hit them last year in october. we just work through a process here, secretary signed off, that's going to go on capitol hill for about 60 days here, but there's a way forward here. we think they will remain viable, but also allow us so the real reason for, this it's sort of a federal acquisitions, but we think there is a national compelling urgency on fielding it, that 70% for our entire fleet that those counter drug sober in the thick of that now
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and we will build waterways. >> on that piece, how much of a delay do you have to participate in the fielding? >> consuming this, i think we cut that the lay down on the first and about 12 months. had begun with a fall we compete we would have more, so this gives us a chance to give us to be successful and can get down to the table. then if that does not go quite as well, we have another pathway to getting shifts. polar security, we have aviation they are incredibly capable, more so with more power and will put them up in
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the coming year. we fly helicopters more than anybody else flies, the coast guard version, we will take aircrafts and are done with them. we actually bring them down and get another hours on those. we follow that but we can't he held hostage to a way forward, to that's a lot of things going on, we feel that, but in late 20, 21 to support our work over
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there. >> has the story been well received on capitol hill? >> i think so. i think you take the national security any show its ability to be a national the player. i think that's great support from the seventh fleet. you look at that same now, we've had that cut are up there below, the arctic circle and on the french so it's the most extreme weather. i think that return on investment is pretty visible pretty quickly. >> let's talk about now geographically. starting in east asia. so much of how the china talented is committing a sweet spot for the united states coast guard, it's using its own coast guard, it's using fishing vessels that are really
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part of a state based force. the last time you were here, you talked about the putting a request for coast guard. he put out the degree to which you are tied operationally to supporting those demands. how do you see the coast guard a role, both specifically in the asia-pacific realm but maybe more generally around the state based major challenge that are using gray zones. >> from a resources standpoint, six are on the wall here and excited about getting them off. i think we bring something you need there, were an organization, when you see the
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coast guard, you see that iconic racing stripe, it stands for model military government. they mimic that with the blue stripe but were not running down, i think will bring the modern government and the rules based. were helping vietnam, >> they are building up their maritime service, you look at the sri lankans, and to sri lanka. it's part of the
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building block, and we are doing things. we sent to hundred 25, that is a human interaction. they're concerned about reports of the fish we want, to partner with the australians, the new zealanders, china looks around the entire swath of the western pacific and has different designs, i think we have that human to him an alternative, its operation family i think you see a lot more of that, when i talked last year when they were in the,
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we will put three new -- they demonstrated the ability to send patrol boats 2500 miles and that's a really potent practice, it really serves the medium in partnership. i'm really excited about. that >> have you prioritize, what is the process that you are using. you have limited -- as you said, you have limited resources, coast guard capabilities are in high demand, coast guard does have the law enforcement ability to not look like a big u.s. defense expert. what are you doing to try and make sure you are hitting the highest priority? >> the d.o.t., through the global resource are processing those. what we've done a little
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bit in his path in the past we push resources out of the areas and built that. because of the choices, we are the biggest return on investment for the nation, where those returns on the coast guard? i think the counter admission is a campaign that will go on forever. i'll tell, you there are 70,000 plus deaths related to truckload of violence and corruption. look at what goes on in the southwest border and that is fueled by the cocaine that comes out of the indian ridge that makes landfall in panama. i think that's important but what can we do, we still need domestic fisheries, there is a
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lot of demand, so we are taking more of an enterprise, a global view. that is taking a little more senior leader dialog. >> i want to end up at the arctic with this question but beginning with the navy stand up or reestablishment. has that changed how they are enabling in the atlantic. >> we have been very deeply invested and a lot of things. we have japan china, russia, the difference stakeholders they were a little bit atrophied over the years. arising and reemerging russia's. you look at what's going on here and there's absolutely a
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coast guard. we look at the kind of denmark's relationship from a security standpoint. greenland economy, when you rolled up the 600 million that comes up, their economy, when you take out the greenland, it's almost 95%. that has the kingdom concerned so we are looking to the atlantic. we have been very last of forces. denmark, norway, the other numbers are authentic based. the high latitudes to the atlantic, really energizing our partnerships, witnessing those lines. >> you have a new arctic
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strategy out, and you describe for folks the major thrust and effort that the coast guard is pursuing that firms up its role in the arctic. >> we talk about the arctic as an emergent, we know what the arctic is a lot about mueller other trying to figure out how to operate, how to protect and why are we out there? it's a competitive space. they are really going to outpace us, icebreaking ships by, their what they call a self they really took the wind out of that. there's no such thing as a self declared state. as i have studied this, day or
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getting that first breaker, we will talk about that. what are those other enablers, there's very little communication,. doing research work face off the great, show some basic communication of that but the work of that ship really suffers. there's no connectivity, no and we have some different in terms of how to get those. it's about building partnerships. you have to indigenous people, there so you have to be cognizant of partnering there. many visit to the other side of the world where the disputed, any look at
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what russia is doing their. russia's tripling that in terms of their icebreaker investment and they are looking at the ships out of asia. that could be pretty lucrative and they may be part of that. who has the ships to point into that. it's an our european partnership, the type of possibility a little bit of, we are looking at how to push out of that. >> there is the perfect place to highlight air yes where they can witness the satellites. you
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can imagine 3d printing. how much is the coast guard thinking of those aspects of how modern isis? >> we have to find ourselves in the early years, which was under the banner. from the escape of our budget, we belong, that's probably the sweet spot, but it's modest, but we are looking at those kinds of things. you take that counter judge admission we are trying to surveil the eastern pacific ocean which you have the entire it's equivalent of north america, five or six police cars out of columbus, you have to break their. we feel that
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the small systems on our national security center, we haven't seen them all yet but by the end of next, year every national security adviser will be in the santa nadler. >> for counter drug, were doing, counter we came from the un general assembly a few weeks ago. under authorities we actually did some prototype in our technologies on the waterfront and had a few uas us counter them there. i think there's a leadership role for the coast guard, so we absolutely have to look at embracing technology, and pace it a little bit with the scope of our budget and our limitations, said we look at what others are doing and bring something that can fly consistently, had we bring that
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into the military framework or coast guard framework? >> i want to make sure there is time for questions, or ask one more general topic area, which is not a small one it's the homeland piece. you've described the coast guard role there is no shortage of controversy over border control policy. can you talk a little bit about how you see the coast guard role with regard to those issues? and if it's changed at all in your tenure, so the last 18 months. >> if you think about the coast and defending the homeland, 90% of all the activity of these goods go through the ports, so
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we have a key role. we work with it, state and local interests but that's part of the player defence. you look at the border, illegal immigration you, have 60 mile stretch from the bahamas. we look at what's going, there we have people who go to puerto rico. if you're in puerto rico, if you're in new york. at the southwest border we have been supporting cpp and we think about the deception, that will go back 70 plus years. that was not easy. you think about 22 different agencies, but i'm pretty proud
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of our ability, we've had on average 150 people supporting the border control. >> we've had -- we walked back votes on the rio grande river, we've had some helicopters fly in there, we've had folks doing support that allow border patrol agencies to be on the border with their authorities. we do some of that, before that number back to it so that's part of why they created that to push the capacity. i was
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east of actor and then i was also the coast guard director. it's challenging, the apartment priorities. >> i do want to leave time for the audience so i'm going to -- if i call on you, please stand, use the microphone, state your name, one question only. we'll start right here. >> i'm russell king. former service line officer. a couple of years ago, i read an article and it had what they called geostrategic iceberg a, fictional example of a search and rescue and there was a cruise kept going from ace to east through the canadian northwest packets and everything was fine for a while
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but there was a storm and the icelandic art responded but they did not have enough resources to save all people. i was wondering what the united states does with coast guard of other nations to cooperate on search and rescue, and also i'd like to know about the northern sea route. are you considering the northern sea route at any time in the future. is that feasible for us, and how we cooperate with the russians on that? >> a lot of questions and that question. i would say, in terms of international cooperation, we absolutely cooperate around the world. and from some of the technology that we embrace, we are talking it, -- i would say
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certain rescue, is not really in our geographic region. we are talking to canadians about the northwest passage, that's intriguing, i was up there for our capabilities exercise just recently and it was a navy, case card marines, various cooperation and demonstrating our capabilities. the northwest pass, there are seasons where there is more than we can do. he can get pretty sporty pretty quickly, but we track the serenity, and have done two years in a row. you need
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icebreaker support so there's a lot of things to bring up, but there are increasing demands. you have resources that take their supports, you have more activity, you walk the clock back 2014, 15 they were looking at heavy investments for deriving energy off the sea floor. now it's different and they walked away from that. i think you will see coast guard requirements, so we are always looking for that., their response of, so there's a lot in that question but we are
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looking for, with our international base and how do we leverage that to do some novel things. we are trying to work with partners and derived best capabilities and best knowledge from all our international partners. >> one right up here. >> so, on the obesity, what's the process here? the need congress to sign off on this before you're new acquisition tragic can go into effect? or this abrupt change, it was a bit of a surprise. >> on the part of congress, what the provision has written
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and why goes to the hill it really was organized around defence capability, so obviously not being in the department of defense that's what the law says but we also send it to our oversight committee. they go to the tee and i, transportation infrastructure and then homeland security. we sent it to our overseers as well as with the law says, because it was written for d.o.t. before the inception of the department of homeland security. they flew down and mad with leadership when they signed us out so they have been asking. we informed
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secretary, with my recommendations and made a decision. what we offered them with appropriations. brought to find out where they stand on that but a lot of ground to plow ahead of, that it's an opportunity for them. were not completely wedded to the eastern ship but it's a great work, there first defence article they built, only a couple of percentages, so we have to balance risk for the organizations and the nation's bidding. to be successful a cat four hurricane require christ, does not on that. that's an unfortunate circumstance so i
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think the secretary has signed a very viable way forward. >> hello, i'm ben warner. i want to ask about the patrol. how is that program delayed because of what's going on? and how much is the sea are going to go on. i know you want to build more in your under pressure to get that out there, and it's useful for your lifetime. >> the impacts of the hurricane
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the, story of relief, were looking at a 12 month delay and then it kind of rolls forward, about nine to ten months forward. that is still the quickest pathway, if you went to the strait and walked away from a certainty probably had the first article, but in terms of resolution congress can do normal appropriations. right now, i don't see any immediate contracting activities that will be in jeopardy between now and other 21st and you have to revisit those type of acquisitions, i'm not a position to speak, i will be optimistic that they're getting some appropriations across the
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12 of operation committees. >> it's worth an extradition question obviously climate effects it. an analytical way in which you take into account but beyond that, on the homeland side the need for disaster systems is increasing. >> we've had a steady battle with them. that was unprecedented a, lot of activity in hurricane dorian, another big storm. we are an organization that is pulling forward 1.7 billion dollars of infrastructure, those are old facilities. how the
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organization recap's, so we are at ten percentages. we are polling. as we to, we have to serve those nations so we must be conscious of that. those are places where you see it. i'm talking to the joint creator, a danish to star general over there and where it's continuous with a landmark. so we are
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seeing some changes there. we're trying to inform our infrastructure for the best sides available. >> i'll swing back there. >> thank you for taking my, question my name is --, i'm from radio free asia. i have a question about the coast guard implementation about what you invested. they participate in the transfer, we've updated the vessel to watch, so can you explain more about the coast guard operation regarding supporting implementation against north korea, regarding, do you have a plan to dispatch? >> north korea's sanctions and
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coast guard role. >> thank you very question, the coast guard sent to national security guards, one is for equal deployment, when you see the ship, it changes its commander in the seventh league and they assign the work to do it, both of those cars have done sanction work there, i think that is an organization where we excel at that. i think the sanction is right in the will work of expertise so as we sent those ships there the regional navy leadership or choose how and when they use the ships but i think that is a righteous appropriate mission. i suspect, as we continue to respond to requests from the navy for forces we will potentially remain in that mission settlement there.
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>> transportation institute. they are us released a report on the, we learned that there is a shortage of marine safety. given how much, is a top internally of growing the coast guard fleet or how are you thinking about handling those challenges? >> that's a great question. we walked back to the maritime congress, that's a ten-year look into the man active, and we do need to grow our workforce, the 20 budget at about 25 marine inspectors, our forces commands, which takes a holistic look at our questions takes a look at the whole system. how are we trading the system, however giving them the skills to work on the
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waterfront. that's increasingly sophisticated. that's a 55 units today. and in the next scenes, we will be able to have that. alex at the enhancement of our -- here. they are enhancing partnerships, and giving our folks what they need. we are dealing with a challenge with aging infrastructure in terms of the technology. i feel that 1000 i pants, they go out and do their inspection work and they go back to their task. why can't they do that in an ipad on the field, sober trying to do that
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to be more efficient. but there's a capacity conversation there. what on defining what are the real skill sets and how do we best trained for them, but we are trying to define the growth and that. that's why the readiness conversation is about 5% study, annual growth. you get that trajectory and then we can have the conversations about what is the growth look like. most of our personnel growth isn't a new platform, and if i'm getting funding for that, i can get the bodies to run that. it's a little bit harder. >> one more right here. >> i bet the polar institute, my question revolves around the arctic and it goes back to talking about capabilities and the partnership you were
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mentioning. mostly with the rapid pace that everything is changing, is there a way to move towards approaching talks with the indigenous community. without overriding the native voice. >> i think the trajectory will work with the indigenous populations, not over running them. how do you operate smartly there, and be cognizant of the folks that have centuries rich. we deploy some of our maritime security teams there and extreme conditions, not even with a lifejacket.
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it's very harsh and dire there so we are doing some education programs, trying not to run ahead of the indigenous population that have those appropriate dialogues, where we are not seen as an overwhelming presence up. there were seen as a complimentary presence. other folks that are serving interests in that part of the world as well. >> we have time for one final question. and we have one right here. >> good morning. we have been talking about sea challenge and china challenge and the fact that china is clearly, the long term existential threat to the u.s., china has a plan to displace the united states as the first world order and,
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quietly, it's putting resources of man power to that, both in the united states and in our ally countries. i have a question. one, our ally countries, naval operations, especially in indonesia, it's the largest country in indonesia with resources. hundreds of thousands get into indonesia. and the extreme way, is that possible. that they will consider to prevent china
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invasion. i will be finished and one second. any officials that deal with china they prevent transferred for the military so that our military intelligence and national security intelligence will be able to see. thank you so much. >> with the into pacific, they'll compete and the 800 pound gorilla is china, and you can arguably say that the rhetoric and the actions don't correspond. they weren't islands to militarized fashion
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fighter jets, so the audio individuals don't match there. then the division talk about the chinese and maritime militia rolling up on the fisherman. so the coast guard, will speak to the entire whole of government efforts. the coast guard pieces that we bring an alternative. we model the benefit that coast guard's across the world should monitor. we are all about rural based order. we talk about our work with the indonesian's, our work with the malaysian.'s our work with the enemies. being unable to china when you're in vietnam. you have to be very pragmatic. you wake up a china's neighbor. how do you walk that knife edge, helping them build other capability.
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china will work with the united states coast guard. but they're very cautious of very clear bilateral relationships. so we have to partner on each nation. we are about building their capacity to offer a competitive, competing perspective in the region. we've seen the philippine president feel the heat from his own country, many thought there was a rundown, that's not a big deal until the countryman say it's a big. deal it's a disputed waters and you are elected leaders and the need to stand a little bit. i think it fits into the indo-pacific hole conversation, and how do you bring that, what can we do to shore up the relation piece. checkbook
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diplomacy is going to get a check. that's very transactional. this island nations, the states of micronesia, the states, i think they value the western ideals, the relationship with us, we put a human face to that. we give them some exchange, some exchange of subject matter expertise. that's fighting their sweet bias. the australians, now i think you have a conversation on the high level below level and then the human to human thing where they will be in the region as part of a broader united states effort here. thank you for your generosity, sharing your thoughts, and i hope you'll be back next year, i want to thank huntington for sponsoring this. please join me
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