tv U.S. Space Commander Remarks on Space Force Development CSPAN November 22, 2019 5:41am-6:43am EST
on c-span2. we expect it to start shortly. and hicks. i direct the international security program here at csis and it's my pleasure to welcome you to this event today featuring general john raymond whose command of u.s. space command, and command of air force space command in colorado. we are lucky to have him join us for a public conversation with todd harrison, director of airspace security project here at csis and general raymond is going to speak first and then they will have moderated conversation following by audience q&a. there are very few things that are considered bipartisan nature in washington but concern over space and space threats are one of those and so i hope you will join me in welcoming general raymond. >> thank you. greatly appreciate the invitation and more importantly thanks for your leadership and wise counsel. i always enjoy coming to csis and had to apologize to the csis team because i always get more out of these engagements that
idea. a great, i'd hope will get to that, have a really good conversation and are some things i could take away and continued to work on. i will tell you about three years ago just a little over three years ago before i took the air force space command as commander job csis held a dinner series, dr. hamre hosted a dinner series what we brought folks in to talk about the challenges in space. i always marvel as i was preparing for these remarks, i marveled at what the folks that were in that dinner would think today because we have made a ton of progress. i mean a ton of progress. we have really put the accelerator down and have made some great gains. there's still a ton of work but as i reflected back on those conversations and look at where
you are today, the fantasmic made, it's significant. i think the thing that is driving is one simple sentence. as 11 words in the sentence. space is a war fighting to make just like air land and sea. it used to be you couldn't say that in public. space and war fighting in the same sense. the us wants to keep the space domain safe and that still our goal is to deter any conflict beginning. but we didn't say that publicly. now every speech i give i say that and usually right up front. and it rolls off our lips really easily but the implications are really significant. the implications of that have really been driving me for the last three years as we have pretty much changed everything that on how we operate in air force space command, and it's driving how we are building and standing in the us space command. that's really will be the focus of some brief remarks upfront and then i would really like to get to the q&a and the dialogue. it's a great opportunity for me
to talk a little bit about the newest command, the 11th space command at our nations your space command. u.s. space command is more than just a command focused on space. you space command is really helping the department did its arms around global integration. if you look at national defense strategy and global challenges that we face, we are intimately involved in those conversations. we are the best in the world at space. on 29 august in a ceremony at the white house in the rose garden, we got a little bit better because we stood up this command and this command is singly focused on the space command. and that alone provides significant advantage. it's not my tertiary or secondary job. it's my primary job. we come to work everyday focused on this domain providing advantage for our nation. about a year ago, a little over a year asgo, in
august of last year, i was told hey, there's a a potential will stand up a combatant command and start planning. so i took five people on the tdy to san antonio, texas, locked five people in the room and said okay, we have to plan this command. in the evenings when i got done with the work i was doing on that tdy, i was there for another reason. i would huddle with the team and review the plan and give direction. at the end of the week we came out with here's how we would build this command, if given the opportunity and it's fascinating for me to be given the opportunity to begin planning and then to plan that command and instead it up and then get it going and leave it is just a great, the highlight of my career. we started with those five and we brought that plan back to peterson and we set up a little tiger team of about ten people. for the next year we planned that command, and it's pretty unprecedented if you look at doing all this in one year from planning to standing up in the years, it's a pretty heroic lift. very
proud of the team. today we are about 400 and here over the next couple of months beginning next year i think our numbers will raise up to about 500 in headquarters. many of you noticed, know that we had a u.s. space command back from 1985-2002. and some might say why did we bring it back, or what's different about this command compared to the one that stood down in 2002? as i said in the ceremony that we had at peterson air force base that recognize and established this u.s. space command, this is a different command custom built for a different day. purpose built. its purpose built to get out of the national defense strategy, its purpose built for the strategic and five at that we face today. if you look at the missions that the president signed in
the unified command plan and assigned to estimate of u.s. space command, it has a much sharper focus on protecting and defending satellites, and not just u.s. satellites but our u.s. military satellites. it's partner or allied commercial satellites. that is a much sharper focus on offense and defense. probably the biggest thing, one of the biggest things, is the geographic that command within a your space command with a functional combatant command, didn't have an aor. it provided space capabilities around the globe. we still do that today but to strengthen that, the department stood up the command as a geographic combatant command with an aor that is 100 kilometers above the the earth surface, and higher. that's a big aor, ao are great really big higher. that's a big aor, really big aor. to get after that protect and defend piece,
we custom built this command and we stood up a joint task force for space defense. first on without an operational level component focus on that protect and defend mission, and so that's been very, very hopeful. as we are a geographic combatant command we are planning to have integrated planning elements that will embed in all the other combatant commands to help us stay connected with those commands. again that's purpose built. because the challenges we face in the fiction would be global challenges. that will
require all combatant commands working together. we have a stronger connection with or allied partners. we have made great, great strides in that over the last few years. i'm really proud of where we are. when we stood up the command we again purpose built a combined space force component. before i was the commander but of a joint force command i was part of stratcom. when we stood this up we made it a, operate out of the same centers and i will provide huge advantage to the folks for us and our partners. we also get additional authorities. space policy director will come back with what authorities does u.s. space command need to do those nations. we put those together, very hopeful those will be approved here in the very near
term. we have ties to our partners. their solo partners i would like to focus on. one is our joint war fighting partners. again as our national defense strategy states, the challenges were going to face in the future are going to be global challenges. a challenge in the pacific is that just indopacom. that will require all the combatant commands together to be able to handle those challenges, for example. i'm convinced that in the future if we were to get into a conflict with a peer or near-peer competitor we will have to fight for space superiority. that's a challenge. that's a joint war fighting challenge that will require other combatant commands to be supportive of me and our u.s. space command hat. our partnership with our allies have talked about. we have increased the training opportunities with our allies. we have exercise with an ally. we do wargames with our allies. we have stood up a space operations center. we now turn joint force space component command into a combined component command. so i see great, great doing close to payloads with allied partners like japan, putting a hosted payload on a qss satellite. doing a hosted payload partnership with norway as well. as example. we also have a close relationship with our
interagency. our relationship with intelligence community has never been better. i relationship between us and nro is at an all-time high. we have a standard, a shared strategy, a shared concept of operations. we met at c2 center called the national space defense center. i'll tell you in speeches i've given over the last couple of years i said we've gone from like preschool to about fifth grade. i just spent a handful of hours out at the nftc a week or so ago. now i will tell you i'm changing that. we're in high school. we made some really, really significant gains based on the data sharing that we are able to do, based on having situational awareness tools. we have really made some great, great strides. and our partnerships are commercial industry. and i see this as a big growth area going forward. we have commercial integration
satellite and combined force operations center. i see great steps ahead in being able to leverage this, and i talked about this. it's kind of bad term to use in the space business but this explosion in commercial space. there's great opportunities ahead. so as i built this command again we have built it to meet the national defense strategy. if you look at the national defense strategy and look at the priorities of national defense strategy, strengthening alliances and new partners and reforming the partner department of those all things u.s. space command ties into. our priorities really command our five. first, we will transition space or fight
response was from u.s. strategic command to u.s. space command in full. we have done that, we did that starting on 29 august. we are responsible for space operations. we do that day today and not only have we missed a beat, we've actually enhanced the game a little bit. we are leading this going to full operational capability and were moving out with a sense of urgency to be able to do that. if we are already doing operations. what are the other things? requirements, component doesn't have a requirement function, a combatant command does so building out our requirements team. intelligence. i will tell you may be one of most important things that we do early on is to rebuild that intelligence function that atrophied once the u.s. space command that stood that in 2002 went away. i think the most significant thing and are highest priority action is planning. and not just planning by ourselves but planning in concert with the combatant commands around the world that we partner with. and that's why we are building these integrated planning elements to embed with the other combatant commands. the other is to expand key allies and
partnership. the last one is going space war fighters. that's a two-part problem. growing space operators what extent joint war fighting and its building what you and i may consider more traditional joint war fighters better understand the space. what's our progress to date next well, we've gone from about five people to 500. we're building that team and i'm really proud of how we brought this team together and gotten to move them really, really quickly. we have gone through a joint manpower validation process to figure out what the command is going to look like. we have hired in a quite a planning element leads and stand at the first integrated planning elements both at indopacom, eu, and stratcom. we're working very close with northcom as well. we rich set of the combatant commands, took up, visited with africom so we're very linked in
with your strategic command as you can imagine, northcom, indopacom, eucom and now after, and really appreciated them. we are embedded in the global integrated east of the department so we're playing wargames and exercises as part of that and i think that'll are we playing but helped leading the effort for the department. we've enhanced our engagements with our allies. went over and briefed the military committee at native to try to get a more formal relationship going with nato. nader is about to declare space as an operational domain and i think that will be very important that we have that linkage. on the planning side we are developing the campaign plan for space. that will be done at the beginning of next year. we published our first integrated party list of having much more of an influence on the budget, if you will, and
that's again a much strengthened him much more i voice at the combatant command level than we were at the component level. the list goes on and on but you can get a sense of where we are headed. we are ready now and we're going stronger each and every day. we are in line with the direction from the national defense strategy. we're building a fighting force to respond to the competitive congested and contested strategic environment we face today. and we have a great opportunity as i tell our team that we're not wedded to the past. we are starting from scratch and so we can build this command in a way that gets after the challenges that we face. with that i think i will close and open it up for a dialogue. i really begin to appreciate the opportunity to be here. i think i'm extremely, extremely proud of the airmen, sailors, soldiers and marines that i'm privileged to lead. i couldn't be more proud of how quickly that come up on the step and provide an advantage
tarnation, not just to our nation are allied partners as well. i would like to take me and introduce chief tolman, our senior enlisted advisor command as well. he is it with me. so again thank you for the opportunity. i look forward to the dialogue. (applause) >> general raymond, i want to just say thank you again for coming here to csis to share your thoughts on the future of the united states space command. i wanted to start with kind of a basic definition of question because i was telling a friend earlier, what i would be doing monday morning, you know, doing this event with the
command of the united states space command and she asked me, what was his job before that? because new command and i said he was command of air force space command and, of course, the question was, what's the difference? can you help define for folks what are the roles and responsibilities of air force space command and united states space command, how are they different and how did the function? >> that's a great question and what i get quite frequently. that only did i get a new job but i kept my old job as a period i get to yell of myself for the one half and i got an opportunity to do that over the last couple of weeks. like you, how could you be so stupid? (laughs) it's fun to have that conversation. back in the'80s there was a law that was done called the goldwater-nichols act, and the goldwater snakelike divided the department into two punks. one is organized train and equip and one is a war fighting
function. services, organized and quick, army, navy, air force, marines and him a air force space command had i am in the organized train and equip business. we procure satellites, train operators, we have the c2 capabilities to conduct those operations. but that's focus on organized train and equip. in that hat i work for chief of staff of air force and secretary of defense. in the joint hat, in the war fighting had that's joint business and so the u.s. space command falls on the war fighting side. i will just, eucom, we have more fighting focus is a completely different function. in my air force had i organized train and equip air force forces and i present them to myself and my use space command had to be able to execute. i also will have an army and that's called a surface i'm air force space command, i will also have an army component, a navy and marine service component. it's two different functions, different roles but there's a close partnership. >> so then thinking ahead to the future, one of the thinks congress is debating and
considering is whether or not to create a space force pickard to talk about half space force would be different? >> absolutely. let me state i'm really eager for congress to pass this ndaa so we can have the space force. in both hats and both functions, the organized train and equip function and the war fighting function, the u.s. is looking to elevate space. to have an entity that is singly focused on the space domain. and so in the war fighting at we did that when we took a component and a used to work for u.s. strategic command and elevate that to its own combatant command. similarly on the organized, train, and equip side today air force space command is a major command working for the air force. what were looking to do is to elevate space and to separate it from air force and have a singularly focused service focused service based
on this domain. and the way, it's similar to the navy-marine corps. you're the secretary of the air force that would have both chief of staff of a space force are however the law can set and achieve the step of air force that work for the secretary corps and chief of naval operations. so it would be there. >> u.s. space command, putting on the act, you mentioned is different this time. used to have you command that was a functional command. nesbit reestablishes a geographic command. the rules of the geographic commands is that they put together operational plans within their area of responsibilities and centcom will have operational plans for contingencies to buy rights in the middle east and the you, while responsible for you're up and a conference pacific region and so on. his u.s. space command
developing operational plans that are exclusively space domain. >> absolutely and as i mentioned, that is probably the highest priority we do. we started with campaign plans first. we made great progress in that. and again early next year that should be done. and then as we build our planning team, we are beginning the work on doing the open development. the thing that we are going to work really hard to do is to do that development in concert with the other combatant commands. this one is innovative hunting elements, will live in those other commanding commands. and we will plan together. and if you look at the challenges were going to face in the future, their global challenges. in the need to be interconnected is very important.
weren't going to build these plans in partnership with the other combat commands. we largely support but they will largely it will also support us. >> i want to talk teams if you will. where i already this with the other geographic commands and you know, an open land that might deal with russia and persian you wrote could also have impacts with russia may do things in the pacific region at the same time so we already have some seams between these different aars. can you talk a little bit more detail about how you are working the seams between, u.s. space command hundred kilometers and above and all of the other geographic commands that are hundred kilometers nursing blow. especially when there might be a war fighting scenario where someone launches a missile and it is about a hundred kilometers was quite come back down below 100 kilometers or as part of contingency and one of the other
theaters, as part of what's going on in the ground that makes use to attack iraq in space. how do you integrate those plans and who is in charge of operationally if we get a two oh war fighting situation the starts on earth but is in space. >> i mentioned in my remarks and if you look at the national defense strategy detect about global sick challenges. and staff is really been on the former chairman news leadership and now with general millie. really focusing on global integrated integration and having a globally integrated plan that addresses those things. because limited to, if there's a conflict in one part of the world, it's not just going to be the combatant command for that part of the world is going to
bleed over for example in the scenario there is conflict with russia, and deterrence with your spell is conflict with russia that would require you, obviously the primary combatant command focus on the region. it will also require support from u.s. space command and trends can and north, and strategic command u.s. cyber command and you see how those plans have to be integrated so that we don't have those things. any plan plan together and do that work together, we say that there or it will provide great effort. >> and so must situation you envision the space command would be a supporting command rather than a supported command. >> in most cases we want it but there are in the future as we
have to fight for priority, were going to require support from other combatant commands. >> and you mentioned insurance can you talk a little bit about how you say deterrence in this job in the space component space deterrence. >> wonkey lasted about space deterrence. and there is no such thing as it. it's just deterrence only. we talk about with our nuclear forces but i say that the deterrence is much broader than that. we do things in space that can amplify the deterrence space. along with others. so as we look at global animators, we also need to look at as integrator for the deterrence. because each combatant command hasn't deterrence rule and we need to make sure that working
together we are sending a coordinated goal. their primary mission goal, i should've said this in my opening remarks. if you look at the baseman our mission is the parties, versus deterrence. we do not want to get into a conflict that begins with an issue space. so there are things we can do that can change that s-uppercase-letter of potential adversary to deter. and to do that we need to do that in concert with others. the second area we will focus on is to defend and i talked about those sharper focuses on that protecting the space center and that is the second thing in the third the is what we've been really good at for years and that is to deliver. we deliver capabilities to the joy capability. we've done that largely since desert storm. in the fourth d i mentioned my.
so the deterrence is number one deliver and develop and those of the 40s. sue and i would note in his priorities that offensive actions in space. i say that there have been a lot of discussions with folks outside of the military and especially international arms of worrying. and at the reestablishment of the united states space command and the creation of the space of course is somehow signaling that the u.s. is taking a more aggressive offense of postures space how would you respond to those critics. smack your mission statement is clear. world war fighting command. and we will [applause] often save and defensively fully. our goal is to determine the way to do that is up from a position of strength. but that is our primary focus. we do not want to enter into a
conflict because her is with space. our focus is making sure that we do so from a positional strength and we have the ability with capabilities that fuel lot that. with our allies. >> before i go to questions from the audience, see guys can start getting your questions ready i have family down in alabama and every now and then they send me articles about how us-based commands are trying to pick headquarters there. i don't expect your ready to make an announcement right now but feel free if you are. [laughter] but what is the process that goes into figuring out where you are going to put the permanent headquarters of the u.s. space command. >> the air force has been named the lead for that process. in their forces running that process and it is a very transparent process. it is used for all of us.
population. and i'm hoping to do this with less money. and then you have to reduce that infrastructure through autonomy which is important as well. >> i'm from northrop grumman. it seems like you are a single focal point for everything space. [laughter] so with that there are requirements that are being developed and talk about accelerating so from industry's perspective that
army coming out and to balance that and what you need to satisfy a and i'm trying to be as transparent as i can with industry. and you don't know just how hard industry tries i don't want you to spend a dime to try to figure that out and that's how we will operate into it by industry to come in and say we will give it to you.
>> as we transition from a war fighting focus can you go down a level of human capabilities you think servicemembers will have that they don't have now? >> i give a talk in the process of giving it to every airman and i have a powerpoint slide. everybody knows that lisa limburg the pilot the birds got in the engines.
if i was on an airplane i would want sally to be my pilot. and then with a different domain. because what we have done is the luxury we have the world's best space operation if you want the united states airman in world-class and shift that to the fighter pilot method to understand the threats and how to understand those capabilities it's a different
me know. but what about those threat findings with the acquisition for gps three or the constellation of the infrared planning crack. >> i will not speculate. and to get back into the conversation we talked about earlier. you have to build a satellite to just survive the launch and called infant mortality. and then you have to survive
in the environment. and then to build those in the future satellite programs and with our partners to have the joint space capabilities and every citizen relies on those capabilities. >> you see a lot of the commercial space companies buying large proliferated satellites. and to utilize those capabilities and how can that help contribute to the threats and deter adversaries?
and when space excellent the first 60 satellites so then you see that growth don't quote me on this but it's on the order of 15 or 1600 objects in space that is changing significantly. but we do think the biggest thing that we talked about earlier working in the office of post- transformation. but the project i was given at the time was to develop a model for space.
and then that hybrid approach. and that good enough capabilities. in that business model is important to do. >> with africans command cybercalm so as a requirement coming from the command we see it a little different that your command and without war fighting domain. how do you see industry and so how do you see that hybrid happening you see the
beginning to happen now. it with those capabilities and then technology and those two factors in now operation relevance with a small satellites prevent one - - present that opportunity for i think it's coming. >> in the industrial base expands. right? and other companies to get into this market because i'm
that feed information into our situational awareness catalog i think there is great opportunity here to develop capabilities that would be beneficial and primarily the gets back to the 16 part question that we are stronger together. >> i want to ask one final question. so netflix has announced they will have a new series regarding space force.
what advice do you have for the makers of that show? [laughter] so a year and a half ago going to my bank statements at the time i wasn't a netflix watcher. i had it and then canceled it then 35 seconds from three different places around the country were my children. [laughter] so i turned it back on. [laughter] so then a couple minutes later which was about a year ago my daughter calls me she says they are doing a show about space. and steve cuomo unit i said he has to get a significant
people are knocking on our door to say how do we become a part of that? i remember talking about this series that we posted a few years ago how do you inspire the next generation. and i think that is a lot of that today. out of 1000 early 13 but i made a mistake and i gave a talk so if i am ever any help