tv Reel America Army in Action - The Tide Turns - 1965 CSPAN August 11, 2020 10:12am-10:44am EDT
3. the presidents, available in paper back, hard cover and e-book from public affairs. presents biographies of every president inspired by conversations with noted historians about leadership skills that make for a successful presidency. in this presidential election year as americans decide who should lead our country this offers perspectives into the lives and events that forged each president's leadership style. to learn more about all our presidents and the book's featured historians visit c-s n c-span.org/thepresidents wherever books are sold. with the coming of spring, 1944 the winter stalemate in
>> in italy our forces pushed on through rain and mud, over mountains, across rivers towards rome. ♪ our power drive up the italian boot forced the enemy to divert 30 of his division from france and the low countries weakening his defenses along the english channel coast where our invasion of france was soon to come. we now had an army numberering millions of soldiers.
we now had 150,000 armored vehicles as compared to the 29 tanks the army had in 1940. 400,000 artillery pieces were now engaged in the war effort compared to the 235 available in 1940. from a 1940 production capacity we were now producing 9,000 types of planes a month, 12 an hour. here now was an arm of 150,000 planes supporting the coordinated allied effort to wipeout enemy industry, supply roots and communication facilities.
the american fight had grown sleepy on a full stomach or so the japanese thought. it was now lean, fully awake and fighting in the jungle. on the fourth of june, 1944, our fifth army captured rome. it was a military victory yet, but its psychological effects carried the greater impact throughout the world for it was the first axis capital to fall into our hands bringing consternation andfo foreboding
the enemy and fresh heart and energy to the forces. ♪ in england after months of planning and preparation it was d-day minus 2. generalizen hour was about to unleash the most massive amphibious invasion in history. during the big build up england had become a vast staging area for troops and the material of war. thousands of vehicles and ready to be assembled combat-type aircraft, 20,000 railroad cars and 1,000 locomotives, 20 million square feet of covered storage and shop space, 44
million square feet of open storage space to hold the growing volume of supplies, bombs, shells and other explosive devices. awaiting invasion for embarkation were thousands of trucks and support vehicles, row upon row of tanks. and a wide range of artillery weapons. 170 miles of new railroad had been constructed to haul more than 2 million tons of supplies and combat hardware through the invasion forces. the united states army had constructed 163 airfields in england while the allied planes that were systematically germany day and night.
the invasion directive issued by the combined chiefs of staff was concise. general eisenhower had his orders. >> you will undertake operations aimed at the heart of germany and the destruction of their armed forces. >> another american general was to have a central role in complying with that monumental
order, general omar bradley, field commander of american forces. d-day minus 1, invasion forces began embarking in england, destination, normandy. involved in this massive amphibious invasion were some 3 million soldiers and airmen, 4,000 ships and boats, 20,000 vehicles of all types and an endless list of combat support weapons. operation overlord, the code name for the invasion, was close at hand. now at d-day and h hour
approached the final logistical operation was under way. in the darkness before dawn on june 6, 1944, the great invasion began to unfold. 17,000 men of the 82nd and 101st airborne divisions with over 2 million pounds of combat equipment and supplies were airlifted to carefully selected drop lines behind the invasion beaches where they were dropped to secure key road junctions and other strategic objectives. the invasion armada, the largest
what was left of ten german divisions was not stopped by their furor told them were not soldiers and would not fight. again the aggressor made a slight miscalculation. as the germans were meeting disaster in northwestern france the united states seventh army combat army veterans of the fighting in italy hit the beaches in southern france on the morning of august 15th.
during that day 50,000 men and their equipment landed. the american sixth army corp pushed north along the rome river valley. and other troops moved eastward toward the italian border. the drive into the heart of france was deeper now. the third army angled towards points just south and east of paris. the first army flanking the third.
thal seventh now was moving up swiftly from the south. ten days after the landings in southern france paris was liberated after four years of na nazi occupation. ♪ the liberation of paris like the liberation of rome less than three months before was cause for rejoicing and the psychological effects was reflected throughout the free world.
among our troops who paraded so proudly down the shauchl champs were their fathers who had fought and who had come there not for conquest but to liberate. once the men of our fighting forces knew it was only one more important milestone along the rugged road to victory allied armies held bridge heads all along the line of the sane. in the south of france they captured tulong and marseille. the british and canadians took brussels and the great port of
antwerp. the first american army pushed across the border into belgium and drove on. the third took -- the third having crossed the muse river reached the mosell. now the allied front ran on the line all the way from the swiss border to the north sea. seventh army patrols coming up from the south met patrols from the third army. the two armies were now linked up for the coordinated offensive to come.
retreats for nazi forces caught on the wrong side of the line was cut off. we rounded up our share of prisoners. the desperate plight of hitler's army became more apparent as the bewildered legion of the once mighty destructive force found themselves defeated by an army they had been repeatedly told would never last on the soil of the third reich longer than 9 hours.
as he always has and always will. he stands second to none and his leadership is second to none. from private to general he is the product of a free society conceived in liberty. he even has the power through his rights to vote in free elections, to choose his own commander in chief. he has a voice in making the laws with governance. he has a precious heritage to defend, much to fight for. when he must fight to defend his good way of life he prefers the arts of peace as all men of good will do. yet he knows how to practice the arts of war. in some of the scenes filmed of the actual historic events which have been documented in this
series you have seen the reactions to the american soldiers by newly liberated people by north africa, italy and france. to them he was and still is a living symbol of freedom where he came to their land giving of himself not for country but to liberate, to defeat and destroy and ruthless aggressor or we might well say the aggressor who like throughout history lived on and known by many names. these aggressors who would dictate and impose his will on those he would conquer and enslave. and not the least among those who stand opposed to him is the american soldier. he knows the price of freedom is eternal vigilance.
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