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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  November 4, 2014 12:00pm-2:01pm EST

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yang when he was here. when i was in the senate, i got to know their ambassadors well. i have some personal relationships that have been helpful. nations always respond with their own self interest. that is predictable. that is good. but personal relationshipslubri. if we can develop a more of a personal relationship, the lubricant makes it less difficult. it does not change the policy. it makes it better. has the president noted, your , i wantlisted veteran to ask you what your personal hope is in the remaining two plus years in the job. served was which you a divisive vietnam era.
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now there is a tiny fraction of americans serving in repeated deployments while the rest are not involved. how does the experience of your vietnam service and reflect on the service by this 1%? >> we are products of our experiences. it affected me. i was there in 1968, the worst year. home 56,000 dead americans in one year. to fathom that today is unbelievable. lot, like anyone does when you go through those things. ways, to do in many this job. else, it always made and careful of unintended consequences.
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of goodreful intentions. always think through the whole sequence of questions. what happens, where's it going, what is the end result, and what could go wrong? i wish i was smart enough to have all of the answers, i don't. it has made me cautious. ok, theno a point is you make decisions. for the next two years i hope we can bring the country back together to work together and atress the big issues coming the country that will have long-term consequences for our society for the next generation. that is what i hope we can do. i will do everything i can to continue to do that. if we have differences, that is ok. we can debate that, that is ok. we have to ring everything together. >> thank you chuck hagel. [applause] still to come live this
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afternoon, we will go to the senate for a strategic and international study for a discussion on progress and the creation of an hiv the scene. we will hear from the institute of infectious diseases at 2:00 on c-span. join us tonight for live campaign coverage at 8:00 p.m. we will have results, victory and concession speeches. engage with us on phone, twitter, or on facebook. a couple of tweets on election days starting with this picture of kentucky senator mitch mcconnell casting his vote. he is in a vote with our son grimes from politico. and i went the secretary of state is showing the trend in the increased number of absentee ballots.
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for hundred 55,000 absentee ballots have been turned in. it is broken down by political parties and years. the and are so -- the inner circle showing 2010 and the outer circle showing 2014. host: what do you think? caller: the senate is the biggest body we are looking at. it looks like a 7-9 pickup. the big question mark is the north carolina and new hampshire senate races with all of the other close contest's meaning and a certain direction. republicans are favored to win back the senate. how big will their majorities be, and will this be a wave election or just a good night will republicans? host: if the races did go republican would that matter?
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if louisiana and georgia went to a runoff? a 10 seatat would be pickup with louisiana and georgia. it would be a huge wave if republicans won all three. those three democrats in new hampshire and north carolina are up by small margins. kansas is so close that to the independent candidate is up by a tiny margin. about the louisiana and georgia races. this has us thinking if runoffs will be the result. do you fall in that camp? caller: louisiana will be going .o a runoff the percentage that mary landrieu gets, 41% or 42%, if she is short of the 50% necessary to win the election and avoid the runoff, it will not be encouraging for her going
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into the runoff. if she is that far away and republicans get a majority of the vote when you combine the two candidates, bill cassidy, and the tea party candidate. it will be a challenge for her to prevail. 50%, and itclose to is almost at that point, she has a shot at winning in the runoff. it will be a steep climb regardless. georgia is a bigger question mark. republicans think they have a mark ono get the 50% election night. it could be a long night trying to figure out how close the deal perdue is.e host: what determines if greg orman or pat get to be the victor?
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guest: as an independent greg have the same ground game that other party members would have. -- he saidt he ha that he would win and had a shoestring operation in kansas. reporters has a good piece in the national journal on how both campaigns are operated with a ground game in a box. had to rush and a ground game for both sides. that makes the race unpredictable. trend is that more voters are becoming undecided in the final weeks. pat roberts is struggling to consolidate the republican vote. a lot of independents, democratic voters, and some republicans are shaky about greg orman.
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standsn't know where he on key issues. that is a volatile race and is hard to predict. host: what do you see happening in the key governor races as far as republicans or democrats? guest: it is a stable environment. --on't think either party republicans will pick up some democratic seats and democrats will pick up some republican house seats. the question is how many incumbents are in trouble and could use their seats? look at the new england races where republicans are running competitively. the massachusetts governor's , rhode island is close race between the democrat and the republican. theaine it look like republican would coast, but it
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close race against mike michaud. scott walker and rick snyder look like they may be slight favorites. they are running close races against the democratic counterparts. the battleground state of pennsylvania, a little short of a loss. it will be a democratic victory in pennsylvania. the illinois race is very resonating given how much money has been poured into the state. it is president obama's home state. president obama lost his senator seat in 2010 and he does not want to lose the governor seat. it to go either way. host: would you be willing to say who will win the florida governor race? is a national contest. i think charlie crist has a slight advantage.
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poor approval ratings and has been struggling to get above the 40% mark. the one thing about florida is that voters don't like either candidate. voters are becoming more undecided as election day comes closer. charlie chris has a slight advantage, but that will be close. host: back to the congressional politics. the house. how many seats pickup do you think will happen? guest: republicans are at a high water mark and the number of seats they hold. they still would only pickup 20 seats. that would not happen. the good night will not be like .010 and they won 63 seats the benchmark will be different than it was when democrats controlled the house. i see an 8-12 seat pickup.
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if republicans get eight or more that would give them the biggest house majority since 1946 during the truman administration. thatey get 13 or more would give them the biggest majority since the 1920's. they will pick up seats and have a good night. the question is what is the level of the house republican caucus. a majorityhner gets he could lose some of the tea very members that are conservative and still be able to pass significant legislation. political editor and one watching. probably a late-night for mr. kraushaar. >> here are comments we received from our viewers. regarding the declaration of war and the war powers act.
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it was interesting to watch the .egal debate it also demonstrated the ineptitude of the video con proposition. in the beginning of any war the president made the ultimate hearsay of the country's ability to go to war. >> i would like to commend airing ther from the writers on greece and the military. it was excellent information depth to the interaction and nuances. the reality of the posttraumatic stress disorder can climb up,
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and can be resolved if you to try various interventions. the american history tv on c-span is one of the best programs available. i wish we could enjoy it more than once a week. whatntinue to let us know you think about the programs. call us at 202626 3400, e-mail us, or send us a tweet. join the conversation, unlike us on facebook and follow us on twitter. like us on facebook and follow us on twitter. the washington ideas forum. it brought together officials entrepreneurs.
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a look on cyber security. we start with a reflection on the life of ben bradlee. >> good morning. thank you for being here. i am margaret smith the president of atlantic life. i want to welcome you. the washington ideas forum is a way to bring thoughtful people together, top minds to explore the most pressing issues of our time with openness and curiosity . a place where ideas can collide and we can connect to one another to understand the world beyond the beltway. my thanks to the aspen institute for joining us on this adventure. this is the 60 year and the biggest year yet. we are in the hartman theatre for the first time. we have two stages running. is built with fascinating people from inside and outside of washington.
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they are at the forefront of their fields changing the world we live in and the way we see our lives. we have the secretary of state, ceos from whole foods and yelp. novelists, brain scientists, and others. downstairs on the form stage at 10:00 we have deep dives. it is an intimate room perfect for conversation. it is an innovator's stage. the first innovator transformed bike life by creating sharing programs across the country, including in d.c. we would like for you to check out the stage in the morning. none of this would be possible without the support of our underwriters. at the presenting level we have theast nbc universal, walton family foundation. the supporting level, the national council for health,
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is our and mckenzie knowledge partner. with that, i want to say there are two masterminds behind the forum. margaret carlson, the editorial --. margaret will get us started with a tribute. thank you for coming. [applause] good morning. yesterday, washington mourned the passing of a towering presence, bradley. a washington post editor and a zest for life. it was a great sendoff from the opening eulogy by don graham, to the --. vice president biden and secretary of state, carrie, paint their respects. those who worked alongside him participated in the ritual and are here with us.
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though jones, the former publisher and president of the post, and shelby coffey who pioneered the style section of the washington post, which i usually take up first. and then tarred it star writer in the likes of 10 bradley, -- in the likes of ben bradley. >> i am delighted to be here. a passing of the post and journalism in general. he transformed the post as editor and is a role model for a generation or two of journalists who wanted to improve their communities. his community was washington, d.c.. onwent right to work improving the whole paper. he hired people. politicsn policy and
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,ben brought in mary martyr. just -- a whole woodchest of reporters. paperstime the pentagon watergate rolled around ben had turned the post into an aggressive newspaper that try to do as much as he could. he brought in people like avon leventhal to create the style section. tolike david leventhal create the style section. role was the council during his years. -- as onec supreme court justice told me, you have a very busy job.
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it was exciting, and easy in the sense that ben was always pushing for a good story. he was a decent man. he tried to be fair. he cared about people's privacy, national security, and he wanted stories to be in context. when we got something wrong, like janet cooke, which was a made up story that we did not he trusted people. it could sometimes backfire. there was never a single thing that was discovered about that story that did not come from his own editors who figured out the truth from her or from the person who wrote about it later. and another matter that took up a lot of time had to do with a libel suit brought by the president of mobile.
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the buck onsed anything. he stood behind his reporters until final vindication after years of litigation on the of the question of his shipping business. a lot of litigation over that, but it did straighten out the fcc rules. it was typical of the way that he would support his people throughout. he said that what made him a greatul was having owner, and publisher. that was katharine graham then supported who him and loved him. he was so much fun and so energetic. youxuded such magnetism cannot help but feel inspired. he loved the people who worked
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for him. his tough voice had a huge affection for all the people who worked for him. manager and when he was 20 years old he went out on the pacific in world war ii having graduated early from college. he was a junior lieutenant deck officer on a destroyer in the pacific for three years. he had an easy management style and gay people a lot of freedom. he got the big things done. it was that -- and gave people a lot of freedom. he got the big things done. he did not believe in public relations people. did not had one, and truly believe in marketing people. if a story broke he would answer calls from the press. when a president -- when a former president complained,
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before i could even get downstairs, he said to an ap reporter, what am i supposed to do? bareass ups -- run and down pennsylvania avenue? hired me into this business. one of the best things of working for him and coming up the ranks is you knew you had a lion for you. ben would give that wonderful bearish growl to them. reporter in the style section was the subject of a rude remark from a prominent guy. ben called him in the presence of the editors and said you are on my -- list. don't you ever talk that way to my reporters. this guy was a friend of his.
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the top or the bottom of the heap, he knew washington was essentially -- he knew washington was a theater town. preach one fire breathing face and then be cloaked in the garb of another. but he asked us to do was to have impact. he celebrated your victories. give you one executive lesson called the executive use of pronouns. editor for the magazine. he called one saturday and said the national magazine award. three saturdays later, another unusual saturday call, he said you just got sued.
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$7 million. the biggest lawsuit at the post. some may remember jean dixon, seer.ophetess and the he is written a memoir and we had gotten an early copy. she changed her vision between the manuscript and the published version. she was mad and sued us for $7 million. , and williams who is the king of washington lawyers was our outside counsel, they were excited because they suit as in london. they would get to fly to london to take the case. this was pre-internet. there were probably two copies of the post circulating over there. how was it settled?
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dixon's passages were being done by another part of the firm. she was there on christmas eve getting taxes done. fast eddie came out of his office, solid jean, and said it is christmas eve, we are both it?olics, and we settle the biggest lawsuit got settled quietly in the back corridors of washington. .en loved and pressed one thing that is overlooked now was the rebel status of ben bradlee in the early days. figure for lionized history. he pressed investigative reporting. he stood with the watergate people and on the pentagon papers. the, what he wanted in style section was impact of a
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different sort. to so the private lives of people and our theater town and explain them. he was a tough guy to make mistakes with. i will tell you and antidote. mary, who followed me as style editor, read a memo this weekend which see got. it said dear mary. on my first day in my job at the washington post i misspelled the look graham's first name. -- i misspelled philip graham's first name. 104 years later we miss held katharine graham's first name. two times in one career is enough. as vice president warned jeffrey stepped down as editor, it was almost as long as he is bent executive editor. almost 20 years. it was the magnetism to get
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right to the heart of things that make people want to get in touch -- keep in touch with him and learn from him. he really loved the guy. >> we loved him and i will lead you with a classic statement. the clock says zero. when we dealt with the press he had a wonderful phrase. the wisdom of the ages cries out for silent. -- for silence. we are now silent. thank you very much. remembering a great man. how is everyone doing? let's see who we have a peer. -- up here. a large population of people living with mental health issues do not receive proper treatment. her goal is to see mental health given as much attention and
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resources as physical health. her work on bipartisan legislation with the mental health act, signed by the president, will extend access to services and provide money for research and treatment. debbie stabenow joins us via skype. it is great to have you, senator. how many of you have grandkids? i don't know if the grandchild is here, it is imminent. her grandchild is eminent. thank you for taking time to join us and graduations -- and congratulations on your forthcoming grandchild. be with you, would i am passionate about this subject. it comes to grandchildren, that trumps everything. he is not here yet, we know it is a little boy, but he will be soon. >> one thing that is useful to
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thenight is that now and something useful comes out of congress. it is rare, but the idea behind washington ideas forum this year is great ideas outside of d.c. showing what is possible. bluntoperated with roy and passed this mental health bill. what are the zingers you want to share about what the bill does? am grateful to be a part of two things. congress is not getting much done. note, what we are talking about is the expansion of funding and services for community mental health. this. my partner in we attach this to a short-term funding.
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people who follow congress know for finding or payments doctors and medicare was temporarily extended. nothing new could be added. because we asked for the support of the majority leader, harry reid, the speaker, and the chairs and ranking members of the house and senate we did that. was the first step, pilot project taste on our bill the access to mental health act, that will designate eight days to develop more comprehensive mental health and andtance abuse services, pay the cost. why does that matter? now, we have community health centers that get paid for the services they provide. they get paid adequately. in community mental health they are underfunded and have been for years.
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when we talk about mental health charities, and i authored that in health reforms so security companies have provided co-pays and premiums and coverage. we don't do that in the community. we worked very hard. we brought together a coalition from investments, and to have priority.major 22 investment systems in the community and needing help in the community. we ended up having people in jail who used to be getting -- who need to be getting services. >> let me jump in. you are beginning to walk through the human dimensions. my editorial, less friendly question, is despite the legislation passing, when it comes to mental health why are the steps being taken so small?
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you passed something but it is not huge. i had a recent briefing with the national council of behavior health saying there are things out there like mental health first aid, where people get trained and certified. like cpr. when you put it on the base, mental health is a nice earnest thing if you scratch between communities, there are problems everywhere. we are dealing with it in a pathetic way. it is a misunderstanding for years. we need to treat diseases above the neck like we treat diseases below the neck. is, if we do that people can manage mental illnesses and lead productive lives. if you have diabetes, you manage your sugar and you are able to
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go on with your life. if you are bipolar you have a chemical imbalance in the brain. do the same thing. give people the tools to manage that and go on with their life. it takes an understanding that we can do that. it takes changing the system to treat all kinds of diseases the same. we are woefully behind on that. , when i was growing up, was bipolar and no one knew it. he was in and out of the hospital without getting help for years. when i was in college, we discovered a new drug called lithium and we called it manic-depressive -- manic-depression. he got the medication and lived the rest of his life. we can do that, we just need to understand it, and be serious about it. cook, ceo of apple, tim
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acknowledge publicly he was gay. harvey tellingf people that people who are gay need to come out to their family and friends. to read me that with mental health? n environment that is more comfortable. having people, how to get a larger footprint of action? .> it is a good point it makes a difference when i talk about my family members. i want to give a shout out to glenn close to is a great actress and join me in washington twice at events and meetings where she brought her wonderful sister, jesse, and her nephew who suffer and manage mental illnesses. their colorful stories rated huge difference. every year adults
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will have some kind of mental illness. we need to stop the stigma and understand it. it is a disease. help is hope and there is available. we have to make sure that people get the help and support they need. healthntioned mental first aid. will that be part of the legislative agenda in the next congress? >> absolutely. that is a series of things they put together. the particular bill is led by senator mark franken. there is a group of folks. teachers, law enforcement, and research that needs to be done. i congratulate the president and nih for having the brain project, and focusing research on the brain.
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the least researched oregon in our body, that has as much impact as any other organ. we are finally doing the kind of research we need to do. not just on mental illness. , a whole range of things that we can find cures for if we are willing to do the research necessary on the brain. >> i was in boston and i asked senator ed markey in a conversation that he would do if he was not running for senator, but for president. he didn't miss a beat, which makes him wonder what his future intentions may be. he said i would have a conversation on a bipartisan basis with the nation and triple the nih budget because of issues like this. i am wondering if that focus, not just on the community dimensions, but on basic
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research, is something you feel it's more attention and financial support. what would you be willing to give up in terms of funding nih? what would you give up? >> i missed the last piece. what would iul -- be willing to give up? that stopsax system paying for write-offs for companies that ship jobs overseas. i would put that into the national institute of health. from a dollar standpoint and lives,, quality of life, and money. the best investment is in the national institute of health. around mental health, addiction, and one out of five medicare dollars goes to someone with alzheimer's. we have the opportunity, we are
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so close. things like the government shutdown where a concern to me because they impact those cutbacks. see everyat we don't day but have tremendous impacts of lifeives and quality going forward. nih is at the top of the list. thank you for spending time with us and sharing your thoughts on mental health. senator eddie stevan now. --senator that be stevan now debbie stabenow. >> thank you. it is my pleasure to introduce houston mayor annise parker. the first openly lesbians mayor of a major city. only 10 female mayors. she got attention for her equaldship of the houston rights ordinance which extends
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nondiscrimination protection 2k and transgender people. 2k and in -- protection protection to gay and transgender people. she was in the news again when her daughter could not get a drivers license because gerber certificate listed to mothers. which prevents discrimination on sexual orientation and other criteria. what did you learn through the promotingt politics lgbt rights and a red state environment? >> i started as a lesbians activist in the 70's. reminded that a lot of the
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things i went through then, i'm going through again. the world has changed or bound plane it -- changed profoundly in those decades. we passed the ordinance for the city, we were late to the dance. we had no local nondiscrimination ordinances. we were not doing what most major cities have done, going in sexualing added identification and orientation to a list. we started from scratch. we had an ordinance that includes all those covered by a federal statute and additional categories. we did it in a way that had two thirds vote of the city council to make it happen. >> you have a prediction on when texas will allow gay marriage. >> when the supreme court forces it.
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my life partner of 23 years got married last january in california. while i was mayor of houston i would be able to be illegal and the state of texas, i don't think it will be that soon, not long after. do you see a significant shift of opinions in texas? do you feel the resistance is very strong? falling oneoes are after another in the same direction. that war has been one. there are a few battles left to fight. >> i know you have a background in the energy industry and you serve on the task force for climate change. coming from a city so heavily connected to the energy industry, and affected by climate change, how many issues
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of climate and energy affect houston? people, oil and gas will fuel the world for decades to come. that doesn't we don't need to of energy.er forms the city of houston is the largest municipal purchaser of renewable energy and america. we made a commitment to renewable energy because we think it is the right thing to do and we want to lead by example. i also served as a committee member of the c 40. a coalition of global megacities focusing on climate change. we need to recognize there is no easy solution. fueling suddenly stop the world with oil and gas. we have to look to the future what ever thethat
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power source is, we can do a better job in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. in texas who are engaged in environmental issues spend a lot of time arguing things. i don't want to argue whether climate change is a product of human acts or not. i think it is but i don't want to argue about it. i want to focus on what can we do to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and become more energy efficient? almost everything we do is good for the bottom line. that is very houston and fairy texas. .e go back to -- and very texas we go back to practicalities. we focus on the bottom line. >> stephen brooks had a call of where he talked about houston's
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economic success and the model of it as a city contrasting it to san francisco. houston has been number one in job growth per capita since 2000. it is a livable city for people with children. what is the root of houston's economic success? underlying sectors of our economy. we are the oil and gas capital of the world. we are in a transformative time with unconventional gas development called fracking shell gas. we are america's largest import export port. port business has been doing well. houston has texas medical center, the largest accretion of medical facilities in one place in the world. we are one of the largest
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fastest growing manufacturing centers. we have a business friendly environment, low tax, low regulation, and we have room to spread out. that has helped fuel houston. we also have 54 year universities including two first year universities. we have nasa, the second-highest highest number of engineers per capita in america. however, let me tell you something most don't know. one in five houstonians is foreign-born. comes to houston. we are one of the most internationally focused u.s. cities. we are better known across our borders then u.s. state lines. a lot of people think about houston as a cultural wasteland that is hot and has a lot of mosquitoes.
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are a globalwe megacities. we attract the best and brightest from around the world of come to houston because the industry and economy we have. also the welcoming nature of the city. the comparison between houston and san francisco that you referenced, they always start with how beautiful san francisco is. this is not an exaggeration, there are 100 high-rise residential towers going up across the greater houston community. that may not be beautiful to some, but it is awfully beautiful to me. >> you mentioned houston is welcoming to people around the world. in the larger political climate there is fear and anxiety about immigration to the u.s.
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the first response to crisis as a threat is to shut down the border. stop the flights from west africa when ebola shows up. how can you make that case when the immigration to the city is good for houston when it produces anxiety around the country? >> texas is a border state. ofhave the issue undocumented immigrants coming across our border. you will find all of the border states have a pragmatic attitude about that. as the mayor of houston, i am not as involved in immigration enforcement. , payant to come, work taxes, contribute to the community. they don't break local laws. i'm focused on running a city and having a cooperative relationship with everyone in
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the city. we want them to bring their kids to clinics and cooperate with police. that is practicality. -- thetate on the border cities in every state on the border have that attitude. houston has asked bats and immigrants from other places around the globe. , the best andct the brightest come to houston to build their future. america ismake sure ine to benefit from that migration. it is a balancing act. the united states must at some point come to grips with undocumented immigrants across america. to do what would be
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necessary to completely seal the borders, and we are all frustrated that the federal government has not tackled that , i, from a local perspective would have significant crime perpetrated by illegal immigrants. i use that term deliberately and have been used -- and have used undocumented before. if you are living peacefully in houston we want you to live peacefully in houston. if you break the law we will prosecute you. if we have deported you, you are back again, we deported to, and you are back again, that is the definition of insanity. doing the same thing over and over again. that frustrates people, even houstonians. >> how toxic is it to talk about
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amnesty? >> not toxic at all. you have senators like ted cruz who are venomously opposed to the immigration reform that would lead to a path to citizenship. >> i do my best not to talk about senator ted cruz. [laughter] our business community, and this'll be the second time i mentioned my governor. -- i mention my governor. the state department and the houston police department have the same policies dealing with the undocumented. community is on record saying we need a path to citizenship. >> why politics in the state so tough on that issue? view them as so
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tough. the rhetoric in washington is not reflective in the practicalities of governing the city, the state, and making sure human beings who are on the ground are able to live together. and work cooperatively together. cities intioned america with more than one million people, there are only 10 women mayors. >> two in houston. few?y so what is it about the job of mayor that maybe creates unique political challenges in terms of a glass ceiling for women candidates? why has houston been able to be an exception? >> as mayor of houston i represent more people than the governor of 15 states. it is a ceo corporation. -- ceo position.
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it is big money, big league politics. of ourmmander and chief police department, fire department, and in charge of emergency response. while america is getting better about that, you have to have women who are qualified in the pipeline to run for those positions. had a step to go to view women as ceo and commander and chief. it is an issue in the business community, as well. >> why has houston been an exception? is --ston >> besides great candidates like yourself. the mindset in houston, and
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the mindset in texas, is we don't care who people are our where you're from. we care what you can do. what you bring. in my own election, i had already been elected citywide in houston six times. i was elected and everyone was like how has this happened in houston? it has already happened six times. i was the familiar candidate and i was coming out of the controller. mayor, kathyr whitmire, was elected out of the controller office and she got to preside over and terrible economic downturn. the benefit to come out of the controller's office is who do time of economic crisis? someone who knows where every dollar in the city is. >> thank you for being with us mayor parker.
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in manhattan, thank you so much. edward snowden's name is in the news with the release of citizen ur.'s revelations of widespread surveillance sparked a national debate on what information should be private and what should be public. the questions and challenges resurfaced remain. we address them with the founder of crowd strike he was in the business of rejecting client data from hackers and the director of social media, a hacker protecting journalists from government censorship. >> good morning. we are here to talk about cyber surveillance cyber security. stephen just mentioned. a subject never far from the headlines. this week is particularly
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interesting. a report of a cyber attack on the white house computer network. similar attacks on banks. west in if you think this only affects the government and big banks, according to the fbi there were 500 million attacks on financial institutions and on normal people like you and me, paying with a credit card at a store, going online on our phones. it is not a matter of if but when. you will be hacked, have a plan. fortunately the two men on stage with me have a plan. welcome to you both. morgan, i have to start with you. you made the hair on the back of my neck prickle. you were here live tweeting this event yesterday. , i think you put
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it, interesting and suspicious activity on the cellular network in the room. you were tweeting mess around national security adviser and the defense secretary were on the stage. how worried should we be? should we be powering off our phones? >> i use a special type of phone. it is not so great for instagram, that it is reasonably detecting anomalous network activity. yesterday, during the forum, there was a possibility. the alert was that the cell tower my phone was connected to had no neighbors. that is strange. that alerted me to the fact this may be an attempt to listen in on my phone calls. likely is that it was the testing the presence of sensors used by people who do
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-- who doion and to and protect their assets. it was an interesting example of a cat and mouse game of surveillance. >> this is something you can watch on your phone. like a bar. >> it is a graphical representation. there were red bars. down the road at the hotel, it was green, green, green. area, if anyone else has the same sort of phone you would see the same things. you have been warned. >> demetri, let's tackle the news this week in washington about the white house. s get computer network attacked all the time. a significant one this week.
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they think this was out of russia. >> shocking. these attacks are occurring all the time, not just on the white house, but the story that has been reported over the last couple of years was that the commercial, companies building innovation in agriculture and high-tech, they have been coming under attacks from china, russia, not criminal acts but pla in china and the russian army. they are trying to steal our intellectual property to give it to domestic industries to compete better in the marketplace. they're trying to steal trade secrets and things that would help them build their products better. things that would help them negotiationtealing strategies for particular business deals. it is going on on an unprecedented scale. >>
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when you say this is nationstate, how can you tell? it's not always that simple to know whether this is a government sanctioned, >> this is one of the big misconceptions about the industry that a lot of people say it's so hard. it's so hard, but not impossible in every major cyberattack with that in the last 30 years has been attributed definitively. not all the attributions done publicly, but we know very well who's behind the attack and in fact, it's a lot easier these days to even do attribution of the private sector. we envelop attribution of one particular group in china that's been going after the satellite industry which are beaded directly to building in shanghai that is the headquarters of the 12 year by the people's liberation army that focuses on guesswork on the satellite signal, which makes sense because that is the comp and you're going after. >> is
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>> is it always clear what they are going after once they get inside the network? sometimes they see what jpmorgan attacks, the taxon jpmorgan that we've been reading about in recent weeks, that they are sending a signal, hey, i'll we can do that. .. they say that they should get credit monitoring and cannot later the organization did the hacking. what they should have been telling those people as they are at high risk of being recruited and they should be given counterintelligence training and not credit monitoring. you cannot describe little bit of a different angle you are working right now not so much with institutions human rights to sit in to set income activists, national security journalists. you've been working with those
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that have risen to those that have become household names and their involvement you left a hotshot job. >> the pieces that >> the pieces that i released prior to google was about the targeting and the actions are the same as the ones that we were describing. we are talking about the state-sponsored apparatus. they become a source of intelligence. the research that i release showed that of the world's top 25 news
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>> the pieces that i released prior to google was about the targeting and the actions are the same as the ones that we were describing. we are talking about the state-sponsored apparatus. they become a source of intelligence. the research that i release showed that of the world's top 25 news organizations, 21 of them have been had been targeted by the state-sponsored actors. the ones that had support for you can draw your own conclusions on that. what i've seen is that journalists are given
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interesting information and attack different actors as an -- and attract different actors and yet there is an asymmetry in this game and a lot of corporations have a lot of funding they can afford and so forth whereas journalists up until recently were quite unaware of what they faced. >> >> i'm a journalist and i'm sure there are many journalists in the audience today. if i had called a source on my cell phone or e-mailed the source, what if someone wants to know who am i talking to for them to find that our? >> that depends on how dedicated they are. you can also being offset obviously that i think depending on what you're working
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on, you frequently know, you have an idea what it might be. i find that the journalists are aware they haven't known how to engage in the security resource typically which i think that big business people that have regulatory incentives are actually forced by the law to engage with people in the security industry and know how to absorb the security resource where the journalists haven't known so there is a local example. i mean there's a satellite company just outside of dc that was compromised by a foreign government. the software that was used to know them as the remote control system that
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-- to compromise them was this intelligent software known as remote control system which enables the remote add to listen what was going on in the office and take screen shots through the cameras of the laptops and so forth has this capability at me and someone can turn on the microphone and the cell phone. you can too engineer someone to installing something so you say that this is an update into the particular company that i'm talking about sells appliances for the government and one of the things they did as they waited until watched debate
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people watched the videos and they would prompt you to update the flash. they require the sort of coercive powers over the exchanges and you have to be a state actor of some variety and presumably in this country you would need a warrant. the the software that was used to target the company was sold by italians into the documents that were released showed that they are being used by u.s. law enforcement as well. so this goes to the commercial market that exists right now that you
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have software being sold by the european company used to target the citizens and actually by the u.s. law enforcement. >> i've >> i've covered the nuclear industry for years and it sounds like this is the classic software that's very helpful for the u.s. law enforcement and anywhere tracking legitimate data guys and whoever -- bad guys and terrorists and whoever else but also in the wrong hands or without proper oversight can be used to turn journalist. >> the software is >> the software is advertised to defeat encryption and monitor out of sight so it is specifically created to target people you might be interested that in a certain countries they have the state surveillance
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apparatus and so some of these people may end up in dc. how do you continue to monitor them. it's this type of targeted surveillance. it's the same stuff that he was talking about. this type. >> >> what makes us different is these intelligence agencies with mass amounts of budgets are like a dog with a bone. if you are doing a story on the private resources of the chinese leaders and the wealth that they would accumulate in the various purposes, i can guarantee 100% they would put money on the table and they would not relent until they were able to find out where you are getting this information and that data is so that they can go after those people. >> let me >> let me introduce two words into the conversation, a edward
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snowden. what did you actually learned from the documents that he released and how does it change the way that your clients are doing business? >> peoples seem >> peoples seem to have been shocked and they've been dealing with this a long time. what is surprising is anyone that would have bought for five minutes with our background on how you would do this type of activity if you have the resource into the national security agency you would arrive more or less the same architecture. so i personally am not surprised >> i >> i disagree on a couple points. i think that people have been in the industry a a long time and were certainly not surprised that we had this apparatus that at this apparatus that had
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-- that has massive funding and the capabilities and that they wouldn't be doing their jobs. i think a lot of people were very surprised that the scope of some of the surveillance that was occurring on american citizens and i think that the verizon metadata showed all of the verizon customers have the core records and i think that was very surprising to people and that is the very first one that came out but were scandalized and justifiably so. i feel that it was poorly understood in the ability to spy on the u.s. soil and i also think that the present resolution and the involvement of silicon valley with the state intelligence apparatus is something -- one of the reason this could be surprising piece of writing to someone like me that's been in the industry for such a long
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time. one of the key points of >> one of the key points of tension is the relationship between companies, between industries and the government cooperate with us. we can only fight the crime if we work together. >> this is a difficult double-edged sword. i think that there are instances that are paid with taxpayer dollars. they are paid online and that sort of thing and worry about spying and so forth. what is noticed as an
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economic impact. i used to work for google and the companies when the nations know that the government is actually harvesting large amounts of data from these silicon valley companies. and i think it is a double-edged sword which i don't have a great answer to that problem. >> there is no question there is a big impact on the industry and it's not just just into countries like china that may be outraged by what's going on. but a lot of -- but in europe, a lot of individuals enable the government are saying that we are not going to do business with american companies because all this data can go to the government and that is a policy issue that we have to address. there is a legal case right now in the courts. the data that is being held to try to release them on the individual that microsoft is saying that it is not well received and when we
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restore the data overseas and other jurisdictions if the government can just get access to that as an american company no one is going to do business overseas. >> the last question if i may, you told them i can't wait for the day that i can sleep in and watch movies and go to the pub instead of analyzing malware and the global cyber surveillance industry. >> wasn't that just yesterday? [laughter] >> my question is that the day ever going to come or is this a fact of life in the 21st century where we have
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to be aware in any form that is vulnerable plaques delete the >> >> it's been around for thousands of years and it isn't going away. they have the capabilities to do so and it isn't going away. we have to start thinking about any move that we make will have a counter move and we start thinking a few moves ahead. >> >> we were being asked to account and i think that the greater transparency and dialogue that we are having around the surveillance means we can actually have more of a say about how we can conduct ourselves in this area moving forward. [applause] >> let me
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>> thank you both. [applause] >> let me remind people that on the innovators stage downstairs you could be very welcome to go and check out the design. now let me introduce the ceo of yelp. yelpers know him as big pappa. he's a former paypal employee turned customer review mogul and runs the site you pull up when you need a second opinion on everything from the parlors to sushi parlors. i hope to learn how i can get a review of my hair cut on yelp. here to talk with him as the chief for bloomberg news, jonathan allen.
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>> one of the things i'm curious about is what the expansion model looks like. are you trying to develop geographically or get different businesses, what is next it's been a geographic >> it's been a geographic expansion i got started in 2005. new york, seattle, boston, etc. san francisco. is where it started. we started expanding internationally and we have a presence now and we have an office in london and dublin and it's been incredible to see so many different languages. we watched japan this year and so it is an exciting time to see the site really go and block them internationally. >> when >> when you are using yelp do you have a threshold where you see this place is going to be great verses where versus where
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you say i'm definitely not going there how do you use it? >> we are looking for protests -- tro tips on how to use yelp. the outliners are released -- are pretty difficult. it's hard to be the one and a star business. to me it is difficult to be a four and a half star business with state for hundreds or even thousands of reviews and so when you do discover one of those are the chances are that you'll have an incredible experience. and in fact, there was just a silver publication blog post that he did where he analyzed the reviews and he founded new york there's been a strong correlation between the outliners on yelp and the ones that were outliers with professional ratings. >> in
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>> in terms of the system and how that works i don't think i got an answer where do you say i'm not going? >> at times the convenience takes over and you take over anyways i know i'm going to have a mediocre experience that i'm going to survive so i'm not afraid of a three star restaurant i but i would say three and a half threshold. he you will have a mediocre experience and you're not going to be that happy with it. >> >> you've got an interesting data set in terms of the reviews of the people that have been to a place isn't so much perception like the political polling would be. who are you sharing the data with i understand you are starting to share that with that that with how is it used and who are you sharing it with? like we >> we have an academic data sent and we have given it over to the
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committee that focus on the data mining techniques and machine learning and all that and they've been interesting projects and we actually run ongoing contests for fellowships with university students which is pretty zero but also the public health site there's been -- which is pretty cool. there's been interesting research attraction where certain cities and researchers have picked up the data coming analyzed is looking for patterns of suspicious reports around things like i felt sick or i was throwing up when i left this restaurant cooking is to suggest there are health code issues going around in that business and in fact if you use that information to them have limited resources of investigators they can go and do health inspections and restaurants in one useful way to allocate might be what to look for ways to report and go after them and that has actually been happening and has had really positive results. >> they
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>> they were able to search the words like got sick? >> exactly. >> exactly. they created a list of words associated with health conditions and they use that in the investigations and inspections and they actually found that it was a helpful way to allocate limited resources. you have been part of two pretty successful firms, paypal and yelp. what is your recognition for folks who are young and looking to get into that line of work what is the best way to find that idea or come up with the right idea? >> the way that i found this industry was i started interviewing and i was very fortunate. i i just met elon musk. i interviewed a little tiny startup of may be less than 30 people and talked to a couple
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engineers. they were very talented and i finally ran into the ceo of the firm and he was just crazy. he was 28-years-old and he had a twinkle in his eye and he told me at the time we had no revenue company, maybe less than 100,000 users and he said with a straight face we are going to take down bees and mastercard. i have never seen -- visa and mastercard. anything like that. i didn't even understand the power that a single person with great ambition, the impact and influence they could have. so for me that was a moment about silicon valley and what even a young person could do in their career and i saw that and i was like i have to find out. i have to be a part of this episode was a leap of faith. they had a little bit of attraction and i
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wanted to just learn from this person and he became a long-term mentor and the company later merged with infinity as it was called back then and led to all sorts of wonderful things. >> >> who should they be as innovators in the future? >> i'm -- who should we be looking at as innovators of the future? >> i'm sure that silicon valley is a small place when it comes down to it and so i am friendly of young entrepreneurs and i have invested in lots of companies who are up and comers or are now quite successful. there is a nice system of giving back. if you do get some traction to achieve success people come to you and look for advice and it is a lot of fun. i really enjoyed the time i spend sitting down with the new entrepreneurs giving them guidance. there is all sorts but you can help them to
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steer clear of him so i find that to be a rewarding part of the ceo that has the opportunity to get back to the community. >> >> sometimes you find yourself an ally of google and sometimes on the opposite end of the spectrum. with regard to google, obviously your business relies on using that as a platform. what's wrong with them promoting their own product or their reviews? we always use >> we always use google products and a lot of them are free. that's wonderful. but think about the moment when you are looking for a resource. you search for pediatrician on your android and it pops up a few
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results and it turns out not that many people use google plus and they don't have that many reviews. so you are not actually getting the best information on something that is really important to you. and so, this idea that google preferences its content when we are talking about restaurants it is not a life or death. maybe you have an unfortunate restaurant experience but he will live. but there are things that are more critical and if you can't find that information if it is essentially cut off that as a problem for the consumers and business owners and the ones that are giving a great job doing a great job and the doctor that takes extra time with your child you were deprived of that experience and i think that that is a pretty serious problem. >> >> the technical industry on the one hand the industry says don't
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regulate us would tax us. but at -- don't tax us but at the the same time in this situation you say wait a second you want to be regulating what they can do in terms of its ability to promote its own product overall severity consumer harm. is there any tension in the end how do you resolve that? >> if you go back 15 or 20 years to microsoft all of silicon valley in fact eric schmidt himself was running around washington and the rumor is that he had to register as a lobbyist i don't think that the idea that you have a dominant market position and therefore other companies expressed concern to washington or silicone valley. >> let me >> let me ask as far as yelp was are the services that you want to get into? >> the other area
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>> the other area that is exciting is thinking about it not just as a way to decide which business you are going to patronize or which service but actually being able to transact and make make the action happen. so, for example if i'm hungry and i want to order food and have it show up at my door right now the way to go with look up a pizza place, give them a call. maybe davis -- maybe they miss here my order. [laughter] what we would have done is is about the business is help other businesses, and other third parties to plug-in and as a result of the 28,000 local businesses that can receive online orders or if you are trying to to quickly hear someone you can book your appointment so this idea of taking the online users and allow them to transact is i think really powerful and it reminds me a little bit of what
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amazon has done in the e-commerce. we have a horizontal shopping experience you can find just about anything. it's not the majority of the products on amazon or even supplied by amazon. they allow all these vendors to plug-in and i think that it's a powerful idea in the local landscape where you can turn to yelp and then transact trade. >> you click a button. phone >> phone number, address it is just a couple of clicks and you've booked your appointment and make your reservation or order your food. >> how do you >> how do you expand and give him 2,802,500,000 or whatever it is around the world how do you recruit people to sign up? >> it is one of the food delivery partners that we have and so the whole business is just signing up restaurants that
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want to have online food ordering. so they are growing very naturally. we don't have to worry about that. we are also signing up other different companies just like e. 24 or other categories as well. so that grows the partnership that we are bringing in. and i think that we are just at the beginning of the connection of these that connection of these local businesses to the online audience. so, over time it is just going to get bigger and bigger by adoption. this is the new idea of being a bowl to -- of being able to seamlessly transact with local businesses and so we are just getting started. >> if you want pizza you can have it sent to the hall. thanks. appreciate it. [applause] >> >> before the next segment i want to remind people three of the coolest folks how many of you ride the city bikes in town?
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i do. there are some of you. the person that created all of that in the the city's account of the nation is downstairs. that is one of the great innovations to meet after that, we will be on the stage this afternoon for the deeper dive. at:30 he has a following in san diego probably one of the most famous researchers. people donate their schools mac to him. i will be -- their skulls to him at death. he gives out cards for skilled donations. that's downstairs and finally i , will be doing the last interview with john who is one -- john where he who is one of the leading genetic design therapists in the country away from the major strategic leaps on hiv and thinking about a number of cancers. when i had robert here he said when he looked at him he would know a lot about how to content and deal with ebola so we will be discussing that. now we are
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going to have some fun. bill clinton jokingly counted the rights to shot down chris -- the right to shout down chris matthews in the 1999 radio tv correspondents dinner. but compared to the political luminaries he interviews the longtime hardball host that gets -- usually gets the last laugh. last year he was the number one rated speaker at the washington ideas form and it is a pleasure to have chris matthews. please welcome chris to the stage. [applause] >> thanks for having me back. the interview is going to be great by the way. what it is going to produce and what will come in the next two years as a result of of that into what is going to
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lead in 2016 and i'm going to do that in 12 minutes. that's the only time in my life someone told me to talk faster. [laughter] first of all it seems to me that you've got -- and i will speak in character because both political parties have become characters on purpose. if you look at their advertising. the republican party is a sort of case of pick your peak. but -- whatever you are mad at, boat against the democrats. if there is anything that is bugging you, you have an arthritis condition, whatever it is, stick it to obama because it is his fault obviously and that is a caricature but it is so true. it's sort of like a mood ring. if you're down, stick it to this guy. if you are worried about a bola, or its isis and our inability to come up with a strategy for containing it or you don't like the president, just period or
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you don't like what hillary clinton said last week that the corporations don't create jobs or anything where you don't like what somebody in the administration said. by the way cometh, his feelings are not hurt. [laughter] he sees his chance it is a very profound position because they say our hero the worst thing you can do is defend the government because that means every complaint is addressed to you so that's the situation coming up. this is not a comic statement, this is a -- what are the democrats offering? pretty much nothing. this is not a comic statement, this is a tragic statement. it's like a safeway with nothing in it except a couple of plaintiff -- point-of-purchase items as
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you go past "people" magazine. it's not quite fair how the bill is going to change things and we are going to go for the eye-popping numbers so that we will never pass but these are the issues that fill your shopping cart. there are issues that have been sort of germany to the last have germinated in the last couple of months at a something to say because they don't want to talk about obama and they don't want to talk about health care or the recovery from the worst recession since the great depression. for some reason, their inability of democrats to be positive and to be happy. reasonably happy. they are disillusioned. to me, the iconic statement of the year was out of alison grimes and she was asked to she voted for. that is an easy one. this is easy. i voted for obama and i have voted democrat since i was 18. i was for hillary clinton but i voting for a better
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candidate. it would not have been a new story. of possible reasons and i believe in conjecture, i'm trying to figure these things out like most of us -- i don't accept political people's answers. i always assume that if it's better than it looks, they will tell you. [laughter] it was better than it looks, they will always tell you. always assume the way it comes across is the best possible picture they can give you. always assume that because they have flax all over the place to correct of story. it is worse, they will never tell you. i think it's a good possibility that alison grimes a very honest person. she wanted to avoid a lie. when she was asked the question, it would be worse if you gave a dishonest answer but she did not want to say i did not vote for hillary clinton.
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that's possible because we don't know. there is a reason. 32.8% of the people of kentucky like obama. but so dreadfully low that perhaps the more likely solution is she did not want to say she voted for him. that's the tricky nature of the democratic party. they don't want to say who they are or who they are not. they don't really have a statement. they have nothing on the market basket to offer. they have no positive brand this time except -- we have local issues, let's stick to those. or obama is not on the ticket. these are not winning arguments. if you look at all the references to the president who i like alter through the campaign, the only reference to him or negative. the only thing people are hearing is $4 billion of advertising the last year -- most of it is attacking obama in silence -- and silence about obama. what do you think will happen next tuesday?
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voters will go into that booth and vote against obama so this clever hiding from him. there is a great line from american revolution, either we hang together or we hang separately. the democrats should remember that next tuesday night. i love to make predictions and often i'm right. [laughter] nobody else makes predictions, it's too tricky. i think they could win up to 10 seats in the senate. ,ince we don't know the future we don't know what the next glistening object will be, if you watch msnbc or anybody, watch at 7:00 and watch the results coming in from kentucky. ifsays too close to call, you're a democrat or progressive, be optimistic because it means it will be a closer election the people have been predicting. if on the other hand the news at
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8:00 from new hampshire is too close to call, look out. because that is the high water mark of their hopes. if scott brown can get on his scooter or truck and had across the border and simply assign himself to a new state and went against a pretty popular incumbent, you know what you are looking at next tuesday night. if he wins, look at the whole shebang. we will see tuesday night. watch closely. he has now pulled ahead in the polls in the last couple of days. that is absolutely unbelievable. new hampshire is a little bit to the right so we will see. audacity, right, left, or center. no prayer in the world to win. most of those people and that being the people 30 years later for stolen politics who have managed to fight the tide and are interesting people.
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whatever biden's problems are, he says strange things. that's called a gaffe in washington when you say what you think. in 1972, he won and ran against the two-term incumbent senator. nobody could beat boggs. hiram ever seeing a poster. i said that that is not have a prayer. he did. they beat him by putting out a drop, like a daily newspaper and on the front it said -- joe biden is making an impact in the u.s. senate and has not been elected yet. inside was a picture and he was with phil hart. a nice page was something about defense. in the next thing was about hubert humphrey. it made him look like a senator and they dropped it out and volunteer delivery to every house in the state and the one. sometimes the guy knows what he
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is doing and it catches on. i worked on a campaign in utah back in 1972 and a guy beat an incumbent republican, a liberal. there is always audacity out there. that's the great thing about politics. there is a go where people will take a big chance. you will see some interesting races. jerry brown, that kid come is unbelievable. he's going for his fourth term in they love him. he is the only governor in the state that people look up to. they say this guy's got it figured out. he was counted out a couple of years ago. it was audacity, ego that brought them back. it's the key to the american politics. what is asked to run for office anymore. no parties matter but it's the individual with the id that says i can do it. that's how politics works in this country. i worry that we are losing some of that. great people are not running anymore. it's a very thing i can people running. that's my biggest fear about politics. people don't have the guts to say, i will run.
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i may be a college professor at villanova but i am running and i will make them say no to me. it's rare today because of all the stuff in politics. let me tell you about after the selection tuesday night. if it's a big republican route, three things will happen -- the republicans will think they have it all figured out and they will do it again in 2016, just be negative. he is ebola. [laughter] there is no limit to the outrage. they will say anything about obama. they will say he is ebola. we got it from him. we figured it out. [laughter] they don't care. i had to get close to them. cooties.d, it's like the republican mentalities not even high school level about obama. i'm serious. that's why it's funny. the democrats are supposed to be scared.
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they will say we have to run for the president and go back to her minorities, hispanics and play our usual cards. we have to hold onto what we have left him be scaredy cats and that's an awful instinct. way many democrats rise in politics is react to reagan. most of these movements last in 1.5 days. the outrage of obama will pass because he will pass. the republicans will be loaded for bear and keep sticking it to those people. they will vote against emigration or any kind of deal on infrastructure, we are going to do nothing. the democrats will be scared. they don't want to offend the hispanics. they won't say a word about enforcement or the immigration bill because they don't do that. they will chicken out. what you might learn here is there something in the senate called the permanent
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investigating subcommittee. if the committee that joe mccarthy made them back in the early 50's. if ted cruz gets that job he would be joe mccarthy. they look alike. it's frightening. [laughter] that's not fair but that's why i didn't. [laughter] got $200,000 from the north koreans, didn't you hear? that's ted cruz. or he might have, that's real mccarthy. --t committee has the power i found this out last week -- that subcommittee is the only panel in either house of congress where all it takes is the chairman of the committee to issue a subpoena. it has complete power year-round it never ends and has a mandate to investigate anything or everything. guess who is the ranking member on that domain will become the chairman of that committee in january? john mccain. mccain iss that john a serious person and is really angry a lot of times.
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he is not darrell issa. [laughter] when he moves through that subcommittee and goals under the chairmanship, he will use it. next year we may see real investigations of irs, real investigations of benghazi, anything they see on their scope that might be interesting even in a bipartisan sense to look at, they will go after that. what may happen the next two years is what happens after the republicans grab the congress in 1946. they spent the next two years investigating which they tend to like to do. they would begin the morning with a prayer and ended with a probe. just keep it up. this is the republican mentality. if they win a lot of seats in the senate and pick another -- and when another 12 seats the house, they will not come in to legislate. they're going in there to investigate. that is the strength of the legislative body, complete power over the subpoena in both houses.
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nixon was worried about this and rightfully so. if you look at presence of got in trouble, is the other party that controls the subpoena. watergate, the democrats have the subpoena power and they caught him. same thing with iran-contra against reagan and the same thing against clinton. the power of the subpoena is everything. it is in the other party's hands, look out. a long time ago. i don't have to tell john mccain. expect to years of investigations and negative politics. how will that set up the elections of 2016? i somehow worry clinton will run for president eyes and she will do well in the primaries. she may face opposition from jim webb or i don't know who else. maybe the guy from vermont, ben & jerry's, i don't think that will be a big challenge. fun, little left-wing. elizabeth warren one not run officially but she will offer herself as the attacker of wall street which is popular among
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democrats because political parties are known by who they hate. republicans hate big government and what's left of the unions. the democrats don't like big corporations. hillary clinton i think as a great opportunity to sell herself and when the election big but i am a moderate democrat. i am somewhat centerleft so i have a presence. -- a prejudice. i am always for the democrats were most liberal and foreign policy and most conservative on domestic policy. i fear hillary clinton be the opposite sometimes. she may be hawkish and conservative but i think a smart , and she has smart people around her, she will not run the race the way she ran it last time because she learned. she is not magical like bill clinton and she's smart and she will learn. thehe wants to win big -- only way to run the president is to run big. to go with a strategy
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to get the presidency and do something with it. that's the only reason to run. in 854% and bring in the house and have enough clout for the american people that what they want you to do something. they want you to rule, they want you to lead. they want you have the power to do some the country and that would be an ideal hillary clinton when. grab the center and hold the left. i think her argument that i would make is we are sick of men and their testosterone and their inability to cut a deal. [applause] and i think -- is say whate to do this country needs is not so much as shift hard left or hard right, nobody thinks that's right. the great american middle thinks it should be a successful middle . which means reasonable deals we have a reasonable deal on immigration. it's called deal with the people who have been here long enough to consider themselves american and let them stay through whatever means and number two,
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tomorrow morning, you cannot come in this country and get this job illegally. this is in the bill. it is one tough bill. you cannot work without an id card. you can rake leaves for somebody or shovel their snow in the driveway but you cannot have a real job in this country if you are here illegally and that's serious business. you would never hear that from a democrat. it's a tough bill. if the president wanted a bill instead of an issue, he would say what i'm saying now. this is one tough ask bill. if we passages compromise but he wants the issue. the parties on both sides, the other party wants to say we can keep this going forever. can i do if you don't have a law and right now you don't have a law. if you play to their prejudices and you work with the democrats to help the hispanic people, there is a compromise their as well is on infrastructure and lowering the corporate tax rates in a plug the loopholes. i sold is done. -- i saw all this done [laughter]
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all this works. tebow dylan ronald reagan. -- tip o'neill and ronald reagan. they save social security for all these decades. you can work left and right and you can make it work. the best case is to say i know how to do this thing. thank you. [applause] >> shortly we will go live to the center for strategic and international studies to bring a discussion among health officials on work to design an hiv vaccine. among the speakers is dr. anthony faucci. live coverage starts in about 10 minutes at 2:00 eastern we will have it live for you here on c-span. >> throughout campaign 2014, c-span has brought you more than 130 candidate debates from across the country in races that will determine control of the next congress.
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tonight, watch c-span's live election night rugrats to see who wins, who loses, and which party will control the house and senate. our coverage begins at 8:00 p.m. eastern with results and analysis. you'll also see candidate victory and concession speeches in some of the most close he watched senate races across the country. throughout the night ended into the morning, we want to hear from you with your calls, facebook comments, and tweets. cap in 2014 election night coverage on c-span. participation on our facebook page today. the question is -- do you vote and why or why not? we have a couple of responses -- we also have tweets.
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there is a strong voter turnout in kentucky. this is politico. voters are filling out polling forms at this polling site. now a discussion of the midterm elections with charlie cook of the cook political report and he took place -- part in last week's idea for him and we will show you as much as we can until creating an hiv vaccine discussion begins. [applause] she kissed my microphone. >> i did. >> last year i spoke at this
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idea festival and i looked around the room at the audience and it was just as impressive as the green room before. it's a real honor and privilege to be here. , he waso tom fanning outlining what tax deal might look like. i was talking to some people with a large company the other day and i asked them -- would you go along with raising the minimum wage in exchange for lowering the corporate tax rate? without hesitation, and a second, -- in a second. those are the kind of deals we used to put together in this town. back on subject -- i don't want anybody to fall over her themselves that we got this election coming up on tuesday. it's kind of a big one. this election come if you go 2000 -- early last year,
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early 2013, there were two very different plausible scenarios we could have had in this election. might have been that some of the problems and challenges that plague to the republican party that hurt them so badly in 2012 might just flow into 2014. that was one scenario. the other scenario was that this would become just a classic midterm election, second term midterm election, where becomes a referendum up or down on the incumbent president and his policies. midterm elections -- every once in a while you will have one but for the most part, midterm elections is an up or down referendum on the president. generally comes in one of four categories.
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it's light losses, moderate losses, heavy losses, and what i call extra crispy. those are the catastrophic losses. tot look at the'swo - in terms of republican problems potentially flowing in -- if you think about 2012, that was an enormous disappointment for republicans. there were only -- they were only three seats out for the majority. and it looks very plausible that they could get it. at the same time, president obama's numbers were not very good. every president that have had a worse job approval rating than where he was have lost reelection. everybody that -- every president that had a approval rating more than his one. he was in that gray area. we were coming out of a recession but the economy was people --ow gear and the economy may have been
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recovering but most voters did not think their economy was recovering. after all, median family income and not gone up since 2000 and that had been hundred democratic or republican presidents or congresses and it was just stock. to referendum on whoever is there. republicans had every reason to think they would have a good chance of winning. instead of gaining three seats and getting a majority, they had a net loss of three seats may came out of that election six seats out of the majority instead of just three. obviously, mitt romney lost by a hair under four percentage points. blame it romney for the loss. his campaign was inferior to the obama campaign. i think it also had some bad strategy. broader systemic problems that were plaguing the
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republican party and damaging led to mittat also romney losing by four points, republicans losing the national popular vote for the house of representatives but they held the majority and came up short in the senate. if you think about it, challenges with minority voters, young voters, women voters, moderate voters, self-described moderate voters, all these work plus, thisnges tendency we have seen in 2010 and 2012 for republicans primary voters to nominate candidates -- my wife lucy is trying to get me to stop using the term wacko -- i'm going with exotic and potentially problematic. [laughter] that had the unique capability of seizing defeat from the jaws of victory that had cost them as many as five senate seats. all of these were things that republicans had to have on their
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mind coming into 2014 to worry them. on the other side, you say where are we? the poll that i trust the most and i look at a bunch of them and like a lot of them but my absolute favorite is the nbc/"wall street journal" poll. the poll from a couple of weeks ago asked people if you think the country is headed in the right direction or do you think it's on the wrong track? president reagan's pollster used to call that the dow jones indicator of american politics. it showed 25% thanks the country is in the right direction and 65% on the wrong track. the president's job approval rating is basically net -10. handling the economy i think was 43 -- 53. underwater, upside down, and
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handling foreign policy even though americans rarely vote on foreign policy, over the last year, people have been thinking more about what is going on around the world. and for good reason. the president's approval rating on foreign policy was -30. i think it was 31-61. it was horrible numbers. actionferent courses of and it has now become clear which one it will be. that there are problems hurt republicans badly in 2012, they were real and they are real and i think they may be big problems and challenges for republicans in 2016. in the context of this particular election, -- it has shrunken perspective. the problems or potential problems facing the democratic party, they are just as big and deep as democrats feared 1.5 years ago.
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in the house nothing will happen. 96% of the democrats in the house are in districts that obama carried them and 94% of republicans in the house are in districts that mitt romney carried. the house is kind of sorted out and not much will happen. the senate is where the action is and republicans need six seats. it's like a perfect storm of factors coming together that go against senate democrats. they have more seats up, 21 versus 15. much more important, the geography. democrats have seven seats up in states that mitt romney carried. there is only one republican seat up in obama state and that she couldn'tnd lose reelection if you tried, susan cook. six of those democratic seats are in states that mitt romney carried by 14 points or more. dakota, westh
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virginia, alaska, louisiana and arkansas. given that mitt romney lost the national election by four percentage points, you show me a state that mitt romney carried by 14 points and i will show you a state that i would not want to be a democrat running this year. the bottom line on this is that republicans do not need a way to get a majority in the senate. they would love to have it but they don't need one. all they need really is people who normally vote republican who live in republican leaning states to vote republican in a very republican year. that is all they need. to the extent that we're things are going on, for those states i mentioned, they are gone. in comments are facing an uphill battle. it's like a swimmer with a horrible undertow. democrats are lucky if any
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survive. the republicans have some problems but i think it will come down to, besides georgia and pat robertson kansas, it will be those four democratic seats in purple states, kay hagan in north carolina, jeanne shaheen in new hampshire, mark udall in colorado, and the open seat in iowa. we think there is about a 60% chance that republicans get the majority. keep in mind, there are close races. don't be stunned of democrats held onto their majority but the odds are pretty good that republicans will. for the first time in my life, i have done first you are actually done this in 10 minutes and 30 seconds over. inc. you all very much. from thee picture center for strategic and international studies. this

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