Skip to main content

tv   U.S. House of Representatives Legislative Business  CSPAN  April 12, 2016 4:30pm-6:31pm EDT

4:30 pm
not think that is necessarily where the problem lies. i want a robust debate. i want more in the system. it is not about getting money out of politics. getting more out of money. it is saying, how to we take a system in which there are very few players, far less than 1% of all americans get $200 or more. it is something like .05% tier that is pathetic and it is dangerous for democracy. what we really need are changes that will have the ability to energize more people and give incentives to both the candidates and individuals who want to participate and get money to those involved. when you look at the election and see a billionaire running, you see someone like hillary clinton, who has huge amounts of money and super pac's, you see all the other candidates taking
4:31 pm
money from sheldon and those super >> you can see "washington journal" lye every morning at 7:00 eastern. we're going live now to the house where members will be debating four bills. postponed estions will be taken lar. for what purpose does the gentlewomafrom indiana seek recognition? mrs. brooks: mr. speaker, i ask the house suspend the rules and pass senate bill 112. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. e clerk: senate 2512, a bill to expand the tropical disease product priority review voucher program to encourage treatments for zika virus. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentlewoman from indiana, mrs. brooks, and the gentleman from texas, mr. green, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from indiana. mrs. brooks: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to evise and extend their remarks and insert torle materiels in
4:32 pm
the record -- insert extraneous materials in the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. brooks: mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. brooks: mr. speaker, i rise in support of senate 2512, with would add the zika virus. is companion legislation. -- 2512 is companion legislation. once a vaccine or therapy for a disease on the f.d.a. priority review voucher program has been developed, the manufacturer of that product receives a voucher that can be used to fast track review by the f.d.a. of another product in the development pipelines. this is a significant incentive for private industry to invest the hundreds of millions of dollars and the many man hours it takes to produce a vaccine or
4:33 pm
treatment. in a world where we can travel across oceans in a matter of hours, an outbreak that begins on a different continent can arise in the united states other a short period of time. as the americans travel to and from central and south america, we're beginning to see more see ka cases here at home. this doesn't just affect those in tropical areas but in places as far north as indiana as well. in my district, a nurse-educator at indiana university contracted the disease when she traveled to aiti to teach a seminar on transcultural nursing. most people don't show symptoms when they contract the virus but women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant can be affected. it can affect babies, the effects can be multigenerational, and we don't know a lot about the disease. we can't treat it right now and
4:34 pm
we can't prevent it right now. the zika virus isn't the only biological threat we face to our security. right now, after the ebola epidemic, we remain largely reactionary in our response to pandemics and biological threats. we need to remain alert to those threats. a more proactive approach would be to incentivize the development of vaccines and treatments through the f.d.a. priority review voucher program, p.r.v., before they reach the advanced stage of contagion. this past october, a bipartisan blue ribbon panel on biodefense released a report on america's vulnerabilities to a biological event. the panel found the underlying problem isn't a specific disease but our country's inability to mobilize quickly and effectively to identify, contain, treat, and eliminate any kind of biological
4:35 pm
threat to the people of the united states. incentivizing the research into a neglected tropical disease is a necessary but not a final step. our work is not done. as we move forward, we need to expand the p.r.v. program tore items on the department of homeland security's material threat list. doing so will put us on offense and better prepare us for the next outbreak, whatever it might be. today we have an opportunity to take meaningful action in a fight against this deadly disease. i applaud speaker ryan and leader mccarthy for recognizing the severity of the threat and allowing for this bill's timely consideration. and i have welcomed the opportunity to have worked with representative butterfield on this important issue and chairman green and others on the energy and commerce committee who recognize that the zika virus is a significant threat not only to people in other parts of the world but actually to people in the united states. thank you, mr. speaker, and i
4:36 pm
reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. for what purpose does the gentleman from texas reck -- is the gentleman from texas recognized? >> i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. green: i rise to speak on s. 2512, the adding zika virus to the f.d.a. priority review voucher act. representative g.k. butterfield and susan brooks led this legislation in the house and members of our energy and commerce committee. i want to thank them for their commitment to mitigating the zika virus outbreak. s 2512 will add zika virus to the list of qualified tropical disease under the disease review voucher program, p.r.v. the zika virus is among several recent and emerging global health threats that remind us of the need for effective treatments of neglected tropical diseases and infectious diseases at large. neglected tropical diseases, n.t.d.'s, represent 10% of the
4:37 pm
global disease burden. however, only 4% of all new drugs and vaccines approved across the globe in the last decade were for n.t.d.'s. the n.t.d. review voucher program was created by congress in 2007 to be a much-needed incentive for for -- for products to diagnose and treat diseases where market forces fail short. the adding of ebola to the f.d.a. voucher program which signed into law in 2014 was led by myself and representative marsha blackburn, gave the f.d.a. the authority to add diseases to the program by issuing an order. the agency has used this authority to add to the program, while they could do more. so there's no need that it be made effective.
4:38 pm
-- ould be more effective this legislation did not go through the house energy and commerce committee so that opportunity -- so the opportunity to discuss the n.t.d. p.r.v. program was not taken. i hope to work with my colleagues on future legislation to improve the future of the program. it will allow us to incentivize products. improvements are p.r.v. program would be one important step toward ensuring we have effective strategies to incentivize both research and development for n.t.d.'s. broader changes are urgently needed to ensure r&d system delivers new vaccines, diagnostics and treatments to patients presenting exposed to n.t.d.'s and resistant infections. i look forward to working with my colleagues on additional mechanisms to ensure r&d for
4:39 pm
these emerging threats, to successfully and properlient sit -- incentivize. i fully agree with the bill's sponsor well, need to do all we can to respond to the zika virus by facilitating the development of an access to medical products as quickly as possible. the administration asked congress for $1.9 billion in emergency funding to enhance efforts to prepare and respond to the outbreak both here at home and in the world. i again thank the sponsors for their commitment and leadership. however, this bill will -- far from ronders the emergency supplemental funding request unnecessary. dedicated funds, some of which will go to medical product development to respond to zika virus are essential to sustaining the response and effort. i ask my colleagues to act swiftly to approve emergency funding for robust zika outbreak response.
4:40 pm
mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from indiana is recognized. ms. brooks: i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. green: i'd like to yield to the co-sponsor of the legislation and also a member of the energy and commerce committee, congressman butterfield from north carolina. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from north carolina is recognized. mr. butterfield: thank you, mr. speaker. thank you, congressman green for yielding time and thank you for your extraordinary leadership not only in this bill but on the committee as well. to my colleague, susan brooks, from indiana, thank you as well for your work. i rise in support of adding the zika virus to the f.d.a. priority review voucher program. the bill we're considering today is the senate companion to my bill, h.r. 4400, which i introduced on february 1 of this year. yesterday, the white house and the c.d.c. announced the dangers of the zika virus and it said,
4:41 pm
quote, scarerer -- scarier than we initially thought, end quote. the c.d.c. estimates there are already hundreds of thousands of cases in the united states and the number is expected to grow as the summer nears. the health consequences of the zika virus infection are staggering. the infections in pregnant women can result in serious birth microcephaly ng and neurological disorders in newborns. it also has serious impacts on adults. this is a global public health energy. we must act now to combat the spread of this deadly virus my bipartisan leg, co-sponintoird 31 of our house colleagues and the sthath companion, co-sponsored by 11 senators, provides a pathway for expediting treatments for zika. supporting research and development in the u.s. to fight this will not only benefit us here at home but will also help hundreds of millions of people around the world. so, mr. speaker, i urge my colleagues today to support this
4:42 pm
legislation and other efforts including authorizing additional emergency funding to combat this virus. thank you for the time, mr. green, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentlewoman from indiana is recognized. ms. brooks: thank you, mr. speaker. i'd also like to thank the gentleman from north carolina, congressman butterfield, for his leadership on this issue and for certainly bringing this to our attention as soon as it was brought to his attention that this needed to be resolved. at this time i would yield two minutes to the gentleman from georgia. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for two minutes. >> thank you, mr. speaker. i thank the gentlelady for yielding. i rise in support of s. 2512 to add the zika virus under think f.d.a. priority review voucher program for diseases. while evidence of human infection has been reported for over 60 years, there's been little progress in the development of treatment or
4:43 pm
vaccines. mr. carter: existing incentives have been insufficient to encourage development of new and innovative treatments for the virus. however, with the recent spread of the vie us from from south america to the caribbean and north america, the level of the infection has reached pandemic level. though the zika virus may be rare in the united states, the increase of air travel and tourism only increases the opportunity for the virus hob transmitted. this will allow the f.d.a. priority review voucher program to work exactly as intended. it would add the zika virus to the list of tropical diseases available under the voucher program. the bill would ultimately accomplish two goals. first, it would provide an incentive for drug developers in the fast track approval for therapy to treat the zika virus. second, it would create an avenue where treatment for the virus would get to patients
4:44 pm
quicker and end this pandemic outbreak. this is vital to ensuring the health and safety of our nation. i encourage my colleagues to support this legislation and yield back the gentlelady. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from texas is recognize. mr. green: i reserve my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from indiana is recognized. ms. brooks: thank you, mr. speaker. i'd just like to point out that as recently as yesterday, federal officials have indicated that the zika -- the mosquito that carries the zika virus is actually anticipated to be in over 30 states at this point. originally it was in 12 states, now it is believed to be found in 30 states in the united states. so this is an extremely serious problem, one which i am pleased this house and this chamber is paying attention to. i appreciate the gentleman from georgia and his remarks and with that i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. green: we have no other speakers and i yield back our time. the speaker pro tempore: the
4:45 pm
gentleman yields back. the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass senate 2512. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and without objection the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i move that the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2947, the
4:46 pm
financial institution bankruptcy act of 2015. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: union calendar number 363. h.r. 2947, a bill to amend title 11 of united states code in order to facilitate the resolution of an insolvent financial institution in bankruptcy. the speaker pro tempore: does the gentleman prefer to bring up the bill, as amended? mr. goodlatte: yes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from virginia, mr. goodlatte and -- mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i believe the next bill is amended. his bill is not amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk has a document that has n amendment.
4:47 pm
mr. goodlatte:ed a amended, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from virginia, mr. goodlatte, and the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from virginia. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous materials on h.r. 2947, currently under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. goodlatte: in 2008, our economy suffered one of the most significant financial crises in history. in the midst of the crisis and in response to a fear that some financial firms' failures could cause severe harm to the overall economy, the federal government provided extraordinary taxpayer-funded assistance in order to prevent certain financial firms' failures. in the ensuing years, experts from the financial, regulatory, legal communities tried to prevent another similar crisis from occurring and for
4:48 pm
eliminating the possibility of using taxpayers' moneys from bailing out failing firms. the judiciary committee has advanced the review of this issue with the aim of crafting a solution that would better equip our bankruptcy laws to resolve failing firms while also encouraging greater private counterparty diligence in order to reduce the likelihood of another financial crisis. among or things, this responded to the dodd-frank wall street reform and consumer protection act that called for examination of how to improve the bankruptcy code in this area. last congress, after three hearings, the judiciary committee favorably reported the financial institution bankruptcy act, legislation that improved the bankruptcy code to better facilitate a resolution of a financial firm. that legislation was the culmination of a bipartisan process that solicited and incorporated the views of a wide range of leading experts and relevant regulators. the bill ultimately passed the house by a voice vote under
4:49 pm
suspension of the rules. this congress, representative rot reintroduced the financial institution bankruptcy act, h.r. 2947. following that, there was a hearing conducted on the bill. this hearing witnesses all supported the legislation while providing recommendations for further refinements for the bill. those recommendations were incorporated and the judiciary committee approved the legislation by unanimous vote of 25-0. the bill under consideration today is the product of a careful, deliberate and thorough process and reflects a diverse range of views from a variety of interested parties. the financial institution bankruptcy act makes several improvements to the bankruptcy code in order to enhance the prospect of an efficient resolution of a financial firm through the bankruptcy process. the bill allows for a speedy transfer of the operating assets of a financial firm over the course of a weekend.
4:50 pm
this quick transfer allows the financial firm to continue to operate in the normal course which preserves the value of the enterprise for the creditors of the bankruptcy without a significant impact on the firm's employees, suppliers and customers. the bill also requires expedited jew dish review by a bankruptcy -- judiciary review by a bankruptcy judge, designated in advance and selected by the chief justice for their experience, expertise and willingness to preside over these complex cases. furthermore, the legislation provides for key regulatory input throughout the process. the financial institution bankruptcy act is a bipartisan balanced approach that increases transparency and predictability in the resolution of a financial firm. furthermore, it ensures that shareholders and creditors, not taxpayers, bear the losses related to the failure of a financial company. i am pleased that ranking
4:51 pm
member conyers is a lead sponsor of this important legislation and want to thank him and his staff for their efforts in developing this bill. i would also like to thank representative trot for introducing this -- trott for introducing this legislation and chairman marino on the committee of regulatory reform, antitrust law, who is one of the original sponsors of the bill and helped usher the bill through the committee. i also want to commend my colleague from georgia, who is also involved in this work, and who is the ranking member of that same subcommittee. i urge my colleagues to vote in favor of this important legislation, and reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. -- 24 -- 2947, the stop the financial institution bankruptcy act of 2015, amends the bankruptcy code to establish a process for the
4:52 pm
expedited judicial resolution of large financial institutions to soften the disruptive effects of their collapse. as we all know, the great recession was triggered by the widespread issuance of -- and limited regulation of high-risk and possibly fraudulent mortgage-backed securities fueled by adjustable rate and predatory subprime mortgages. these securities were issued without regard to thoughtful underwriting standards, causing a housing bubble that trapped countless homeowners in unaffordable mortgages and leading to a massive wave of foreclosures that resulted in the worst financial crisis since the great depression. in the wake of this crisis, the president signed the dodd-frank act into law to provide comprehensive measures to reduce systemic risks through heightened financial stability requirements for large financial institutions.
4:53 pm
among many other requirements, title 1 of dodd-frank requires that certain large financial institutions have living wills to ensure a rapid and orderly resolution in the event of material distress or failure. title 1 -- title 2 of the law provides for an administrative process to wind down these institutions to avoid adverse effects on the entire financial system, but there's no such process under the current bankruptcy law and that's why i applaud congressman trott and the chairman of the full committee, chairman goodlatte, for addressing this concern by revising -- by offering this legislation to revise the bankruptcy code to establish a specialized form of bankruptcy relief that would facilitate the expeditious resolution of large financial institutions
4:54 pm
and minimize the disruptive impact of a company's collapse on the financial system. the legislation larningly accomplishes this goal by -- largely accomplishes this goal by establishing a resolution process authorizing a court to provide relief by transferring a debtor's assets to a bridge company under an expedited time line while minimizing adverse effects of the bankruptcy on the financial system. while these aspects of the bill are commendable, i remain concerned, however, that this legislation lacks a funding mechanism to allow the federal government to provide liquidity to the company which is a key difference between an orderly resolution under dodd-frank and the resolution contemplated by 2947. in a typical bankruptcy case, the debtor's reorganization may be funded by private parties or by the federal government, as
4:55 pm
iltreated by the general motors bankruptcy. in many instances, liquidity, provided by the u.s. government to prevent the collapse of financial institutions, has either returned a profit to the taxpayers or is likely to be repaid. leading bankruptcy experts have found that providing liquidity to distressed financial institutions, quote, is essential to successfully resolving the firm without creating undo systemic risk, end quote. this critical mechanism has prevented the collapse of several major financial institutions without cost to the taxpayer. lastly, i would caution against efforts to combine h.r. 2947 with legislation that would strike title 2 of the dodd-frank act. as the national bankruptcy conference has observed, laws currently in place, such as title 2 of the dodd-frank act, should remain in effect because
4:56 pm
the ability of the u.s. regulators to assume full control of the resolution process to elicit the cooperation from non-u.s. regulators is an essential insurance policy against systemic risks and potential conflict and dysfunction among the multinational components of these institutions. i would also note that title 2 of the dodd-frank act serves as a valuable backstop to the bankruptcy process should this bill become law. notwithstanding these concerns, i thank once again the gentleman from virginia, the gentleman from michigan and also my friend and chair of the relevant subcommittee, ted marino -- tom marino from pennsylvania for their leadership on this issue and the bipartisan process for developing this legislation.
4:57 pm
i also thank the democratic and republican counsels of the committee, susan and anthony for their tireless work and substantive expertise in developing this legislation and with that i'll reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, at this time it's my pleasure to yield such time as he may consume to the gentleman from michigan, mr. trott, the chief sponsor of the legislation. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from michigan is recognized for such time as he may consume. mr. trott: mr. speaker, i want to thank my colleagues, chairman goodlatte, ranking member conyers and my friend from georgia for their support of this important legislation. i also want to thank the other members and the staff who have helped shape this bipartisan bill. the american people are frustrated with their government. while families are working hard, paying their taxes and doing their best to keep the american dream alive, washington decides to spend money it doesn't have on problems it shouldn't solve. suffice it to say, both parties
4:58 pm
have proven to be bad stewards of our nation's finances. many of us were disappointed to see $700 billion in taxpayer money spent on bailing out failed financial institutions in 2008. the american people should not be on the hook for the failures of bad business practices. the american people entrust us with their tax dollars and washington uses the money to bail out banks. we cannot let this happen again. the legislation we are considering today is aimed at protecting american taxpayers and reducing the risks of another taxpayer-funded bailout. the financial institution bankruptcy act reforms the process of how failing banks go through bankruptcy proceedings. we've incorporated the recommendations of hearing witnesses, regulators and experts from four judiciary committee hearings over the past two years. this effort is truly the product of bipartisan work and compromise. under this bill, the process will be handled by an experienced judge, a judge who
4:59 pm
knows how to handle complex reorganization of financial institutions and will also resolve in a transparent judicial process instead of a group of bank c.e.o.'s and regulators meeting in a back room to decide how to save a failing bank. it will ensure that shareholders and creditors are at risk when a financial institution fails, not the american taxpayer. further, decades of case law and precedent will ensure a fair result. this bill is the kind of commonsense legislation that i believe offers important solutions, protects the american people and is deserving of strong bipartisan support. i encourage all of my colleagues to support this effort. let's pass this bill and move it to the senate tore consideration. thank you and i yield back the balance of my time. -- senate for consideration. thank you and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. johnson: i'll reserve the balance of my time after -- asking for unanimous consent to enter the statement of ranking
5:00 pm
member john conyers on this issue into the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, general leave is granted. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i only have one speaker remaining, myself, to close so i'm prepared to do that once the gentleman from georgia yields back. the speaker pro tempore: does the gentleman reserve? the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. johnson: thank you. mr. johnson: i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. goodlatte: thank you, mr. speaker. the financial institution bankruptcy act is a necessary reform to ensure that taxpayers will not be called to rescue the next failing financial firm. it relies on bankruptcy principles that will be applied in a transparent manner. this is a bipartisan measure that enjoys broad support from outside experts and i urge my colleagues to vote in favor of
5:01 pm
this important reform and i thank my colleagues to produce this legislation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2947 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i move the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 4676 as amended, the preventing crimes against veterans act of 2016. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 4676 a bill to amend title 18, united states code to provide an additional tool to prevent certain frauds against veterans and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the
5:02 pm
gentleman from virginia, mr. goodlatte and the gentleman from georgia, mr. johnson, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from virginia. mr. goodlatte: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days in hich to re-- revise and extend their remarks on h.r. 4676 as amended currently under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. goodlatte: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. goodlatte: preventing crimes against veterans act was introduced by representative rooney, a former member of the ted iary committee and deutch. this fixes a loophole and provides federal prosecutors with an additional tool to go after criminals who seek to defraud veterans. in recent years, financial predators have targeted veterans
5:03 pm
particularly elderly veterans in low-income housing to defraud them out of their benefits. these criminals offer to help veterans with their cases, claim to get their benefits approved in record time, charge fees that are often in the thousands of dollars and provide them with little or no assistance. under current law, many of these would be vulnerable to prosecution under the mail or wire fraud statute if they engage in this scheme by calling a veteran on the phone, mailing them a letter or otherwise using interstate commerce to commit fraud. these criminals are taking advantage of a loophole by conducting in-person seminars or meeting in person at a veterans' home. at least one recent example, a fraud steer visited an assisted
5:04 pm
living facility in florida and asked the staff to round up all the veterans for a seminar. this sort of conduct, swind willing a veteran is reprehensible and worthy of congress' attention. h.r. 4676 which has the support, addresses this conduct. this vulnerable population has done its duty to protect us from harm. it is our duty to protect them. to paraphrase ronald reagan, some people wonder if they made a difference. veterans don't have that problem. i urge my colleagues to support this important legislation and protect our nation's veterans and i reserve the balance of our time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia is recognized. mr. johnson: i'm pleased to support h.r. 4676 preventing crimes against veterans act of
5:05 pm
2016 as amended. this provides an important tool to combat veterans' benefits fraud. because we honor their service and the sacrifices they have made, it is particularly important that we go above and beyond the call of duty to protect america's veterans from fraud and to ensure the integrity of the system of benefits we provide to them. currently, there are about 21 million veterans of the united states military, men and women who selflessly served our nation and in various theaters of war from the second world war, korea and vietnam to more recent conflicts in iraq and afghanistan. and unfortunately many of our veterans, as a result of their service, have physical and mental scars. there are well over one million
5:06 pm
american veterans with service-connected disabilities. the suicide rate among veterans 300% among the national average and estimated that 30% of all veterans -- vietnam veterans and 20% of the middle east conflicts suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder in a given year. in addition, veterans are more likely to become homeless and comprise 17% of our homeless population. on any given night, an estimated 50,000 veterans are sleeping on america's streets. in recognition of the stream sacrifice by our veterans and the hardships many of them continue to face after the completion of their military service, it is our solemn duty and our obligation to provide to the best of our ability an appropriate measure of
5:07 pm
compensation for them. for instance, we provide disability payments to those with service-connected disabilities. we provide pensions for veterans with limited incomes. we provide them with opportunities for education and training under the g.i. bill. and we also provide various life insurance benefits. this is the least we can do and it's still not enough. unfortunately, there continue to be issues with medical care we provide our veterans and problems about some benefits never being processed and paid because of the loss of claims by the veterans benefits administration. h.r. 4676 would make it a crime to knowingly engage in any scheme to defraud a veteran of his or h.r. veterans' benefits or knowingly engage in fraud in connection with obtaining veterans' benefits.
5:08 pm
anyone convicted of such a crime should and could be or could and should be fined, imprisoned and subjected to both penalties. the amended version of the bill we are considering today reflects an amendment offered in judiciary committee markup by our ranking member, john conyers. the amendment which was approved by voice vote extends the bill's protections to fraud involving the benefits owed to the survivors and depend ants due to the service of the veteran. those who endanger our veterans' benefits by harming the veterans and diminishing resources to pay these claims and fund the programs that are needed to help those who have served their country. accordingly, i support h.r. 4676. and i commend the bill's
5:09 pm
sponsors, representative tom rooney and representative ted deutch, both of florida, for their work on this important issue. d i thank the chairman for consideration of this important piece of legislation by the full committee. with that, i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, at this time, it's my pleasure to yield to the the gentleman from florida, mr. rooney, the chief sponsor of this legislation. mr. rooney: mr. speaker, i served nearly 75,000 veterans in congress making florida's 17th district one of the highest concentrations. from helping them solve problems and process claims with the v.a. and working to fund benefits programs deserving of their sacrifice, my duties to these
5:10 pm
75,000 veterans is something i take very seriously. but my constituents let me know that i have a lot more work to do to fix the system. one particularly disturbing problem was brought to my attention by a number of services organizations in my district. i started to hear stories about individuals advertising themselves claiming that for a hefty fee, which is illegal, they could expedite claims with the department of veterans affairs. the problem with that is they can't expedite these claims. one local veteran service division explained to me at length how these criminals are targeted seniors in low-income housing communities almost as a rule because those vets are most likely to fall victim to their schemes. these guys will go into assisted
5:11 pm
living facilities and round up all the veterans and coerce for them to apply for veterans that they don't qualify for and agreeing to pay them for services that they can never provide. and the claims is far too slow and takes too long. my office works with veterans on a daily basis to try to assist them with their claims and push up the process as possible. when people are targeting veterans and then earning a significant profit off of them, that makes me sick. as the law stands now, even though it is illegal for anyone who is not an approved agent with the v.a. to charge a fee to help a veteran with a claim or appeal. there is no penalty associated with breaking this law. without a federal criminal
5:12 pm
penalty, there is little from defrauding a veteran for financial game. the reality is this. it is happening in all of our districts and people are getting away with it every day. i refuse to let this continue unabated in my own back yard and in this country and especially to our veterans to whom i have so much respect. along with my neighbor and fred, congressman ted deutch, we introduced a bill to penalize people and companies. it would give law enforcement and prosecutors the tools to penalize people who are defrauding veterans by imposing a fine, imprisonment of up to five years or both. these criminals have to pay the
5:13 pm
price for their actions. it's our duty to ensure our nation's heroes are protected under every circumstance and i'm proud this bipartisan bill is on the floor too today. i urge my colleagues to join me, the chairman of the committee in support of this bill. the and every one of us owe utmost respect and we have the chance to bring justice to veterans who have fallen to the immoral schemes committed by the lowest criminals in our country. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from georgia. mr. johnson: it warms my heart today to be a part of this body and to be a part of the movement of such important legislation as this, which is to protect people who are very vulnerable to abuse
5:14 pm
and without or action, it will just simply continue. so i want to once again, applaud the efforts of representative tom rooney and representative ted deutch for bringing this legislation to us and i look forward to its passage. i would recommend to all of my colleagues that they join us and support this legislation. and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. mr. goodlatte: mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the question is, will the house suspend the ruse and pass h.r. 4676 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the -- mr. goodlatte: i request the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking this vote will rise and remain
5:15 pm
standing until counted. a sufficient number having arisen, the why yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8, rule 20, further proceedings on this question will be postponed. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? >> thank you, mr. speaker. i move that the house swebled the rules and pass h.r. 1567 as
5:16 pm
amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: h.r. 1567, a bill to authorize a comprehensive strategic approach for united states foreign assistance to developing countries, to reduce global poverty and hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, promote inclusive, sustainable agricultural-led economic growth, improve nutritional outcomes, especially for women and children, build resilience among vulnerable populations, and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from new jersey, mr. smith, and the gentleman from new york, mr. engel, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from new jersey. mr. smith: thank you, mr. speaker. i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and to include extraneous material on this measure. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. smith: mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. smith: mr. speaker, st the global food security act -- the global food security act
5:17 pm
authorize as comprehensive, strategic approach for u.s. foreign assistance to developing countries to reduce poverty and hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, promote inclusive, sustainable agricultural-led economic growth, improve nutritional outcomes, especially for women and children, and build resilience among vulnerable populations. at its core, h.r. 1567 establishes a comprehensive global food security strategy that includes eight nutrition reinforcing policy objectives and 15 specific goals and actions designed to develop and implement a whole of government strategy. essential elements of the strategy include baverage marks, timetables, performance, metrics and monitoring evaluation plans. clear and transparent selection criteria for target countries, support of inclusive value chain development with small scale producers, especially
5:18 pm
women. leverage of resources and expertise through partnerships with the private sector, farm organizations, cooperative civil society, faith-based organizations and agricultural research and academic institutions. harvesting science, technology, innovation from a myriad of sources, including the feed the future innovation labs, and support for improved nutrition for women and children, particularly during the critical first thousand-day window, until a child reaches 2 years of age, and with a focus on reducing child stunting through nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive programs, including related water, sanitation and hygiene programs. indeed, mr. speaker, there is perhaps no wiser and radically transformtific investment that we could make in the human person than to concentrate on ensuring that sufficient nutrition and health assistance is given during the first 1,000 days of life.
5:19 pm
1,000 days that begins with conception, continues throughout pregnancy, includes that milestone event called birth, and then finishes at roughly the second birthday of the child. children who do not receive adequate nutrition in utero are far more likely to experience immune system deficiencies, making opportunistic infections more debilitating, even fatal, in a large number -- and a large number of life-long deficiencies such as stunting. unicef estimates that one in four children worldwide is stunted due to lack of adequate nutrition. by maximizing nutrition during the first 1,000 days of life, we help ensure that the next 25,000 days or more in a person's life are far more likely to be healthier and disease-free. is to ective h.r. 1567 graduate individuals and families and communities and nations from food aid dependency to self-sufficiency.
5:20 pm
leading to a likely reduction in emergency food assistance over time. that's both humane and responsible stewardship of taxpayer funds. by statter toly authorizing this program, which -- statutorily authorizing this program, which was formalized by the obama administration, we are also statutorily enhancing congressional oversight, by requiring the administration to report to congress. thus the bill requires rigorous monitoring, evaluation and congressional oversight of the global food security strategy and mandates a comprehensive report to ensure accountability and effectiveness. the approach we have taken in the global food security act is fiscally disciplined. there is no additional cost to the u.s. taxpayer. this would authorize a straight lining from 2015 and 2016. usaid will be authorized however to do more by more effectively leveraging our aid with that of other countries. the private sector, n.g.o.'s
5:21 pm
and faith-based organizations, whose great work on the ground in so many different countries impacts so many lives. as the prime sponsor of h.r. 1567, let me convey my very special thanks to prime democratic co-sponsor, betty mccollum, for her leadership, for her friendship, and for her support. i'm deeply grateful to the majority leader, kevin mccarthy, and his extraordinary floor director, kelly dixon, for their pivotal support in the last congress and this one, for the global food security act. i would note this, if passed today, this will be the second time in two years the clock ran out on the bill in the senate during the last congress. i am grateful as well for the strong and abiding support of foreign affairs chairman ed royce and ranking member eliot engel. they have been tremendous. and agriculture committee chairman mike conaway made several important policy revisions and has been personally involved in the drafting of this bill.
5:22 pm
so i want to thank my good friend and very distinguished colleague, mr. conaway. mr. chairman, for his work on this bill, and his work on ag in jeopardy. thank you for that leadership. and of course a heartfelt thanks to all the other original co-sponsors, mr. fortenberry, ms. bass, mr. crenshaw, ms. delauro, mr. reichert, mr. cicilline, mr. smith of washington and mr. paulson. finally, a great big thanks to our professional staff members who worked hard to bring this bill to the floor. joan c to ondon and -- condon and doug anderson. jackie barber at the ag ommittee, mark sinise, jen hlocombe and pierre totsi from my committee. this is truly a team effort and this will save lives and enhance everyone's life around the world who benefits from the program. so i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the
5:23 pm
gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of this measure and i yield myself as much time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. engel: thank you. first, mr. speaker, let me thank our chairman, ed royce, and his staff, for their hard work on the bill and for bringing it forward. i'm a big supporter of this bill. and i think this again shows our committee, bipartisanship at its best. i also want to thank congressman chris smith and congresswoman betty mccollum for authorizing this legislation, the global food security act, h.r. 1567. mr. speaker, nearly 800 million people around the world go to bed hungry on a day to day basis. malnutrition is responsible for nearly half of all deaths of children under 5 years old. this is just unconscionable. we cannot allow it to continue. plain and simple, we need to do more to help people feed themselves. beyond that, we need to get to the root causes that perpetuate
5:24 pm
cycles of poverty, hunger and instability. this bill lays out clear priorities for american foreign assistance programs that reduce global poverty and hunger. we want to prioritize efforts that accelerate agriculture-led economic growth, enhance food and nutrition security, build resilience, create environment for robust investment and trade, and advance the range of economic, diplomatic, global health and national security interests that are tied to food security. this bill also authorizes funding for state department and usaid initiatives, including the administration's signature effort of feed the future. this program has already delivered real results in fighting world hunger, poverty and malnutrition. since 2010 feed the future has worked with small holder farmers in 19 countries to increase incomes and reduce
5:25 pm
hunger, poverty and undernutrition. feed the future has helped rural cam bone yads -- cambodians start profitable fish businesses, taught guatemalan sharecroppers, and provided educational and national support to tanzanian measures -- mothers -- mothers there. has been real progresses -- mothers. there has been real progresses in places like begana which has reduced child stunting. and incomes in honduras increased 55% between 2012 and 2014. this is this isn't a pie in the sky notion, mr. speaker -- this isn't a pie in the sky notion, mr. speaker. this is an initiative that we're a part of that's getting real results for real people. let's continue to support it. this bill is a real step toward our vision of a world without global hunger and malnutritionment and it supports critical u.s. foreign policy -- knew -- malnutrition.
5:26 pm
and it supports critical u.s. foreign policy and national interests. i urge all of my colleagues to support this bill and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from new jersey is recognized. mr. smith: thank you very much, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield such time as he may consume to the gentleman from texas, mr. conaway, chairman of the committee on ag a who -- agriculture who worked very closely with our committee and with me and with my staff on the bill and helped to ensure that it did not have any unintended negative consequences for the domestic programs within his committee's jurisdiction. i want to thank him again for his great leadership. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas is recognized. mr. conaway: thank you, mr. speaker. i want to thank mr. smith and the other colleagues for yielding and for the work he's done on this issue. mr. speaker, i rise today in support of h.r. 1567. the global food security act of 2016. with the world population rapidly increasing, particularly in some of the most impoverished and food-insecure regions, it is of critical importance that the united states maintain its position as the world as he leader in the effort to alleviate global hunger and
5:27 pm
enhance food security. the agriculture community is proud to have long played a crucial role in this effort. we're eager to continue doing our part. as chairman of the house agriculture committee, i vowed to ensure that the expertise of the agriculture community is fully enleveraged in the global food security efforts that are moving forward. to fulfill that promise, i've worked closely with the foreign affairs committee to ensure that the bill before us today capitalizes on the wealth of knowledge and expertise within the u.s. department of agriculture and amongst agriculture businesses, commodity groups, agricultural producers, agriculture research stoolingsstoogses, lands grand colleges and universities -- institutions, land grant colleges and universities. the bill also improves the monitoring and reporting of the various programs and funds counted toward the success of the current feed the future initiative. usaid has been very vocal in its efforts to reduce and/or eliminate food assistance yet lauds of use of these programs
5:28 pm
in selling the success of feed the future. it is my hope that the enhanced reporting accountability within the strategy will ensure that all food ail aid programs and means of delivery are appropriately recognized for the role that they play and the strategy's success. further, to ensure that this legislation does not provide usaid with unintended opportunity to overhaul time-tested food inc. programs, the bill contains crafley crafted language protecting the funds and authorities of these twisting programs. any changes should be explored in the context of future farm bill discussions. i greatly appreciate congressman smith's open-minded approach to achieving common ground on this legislation, as well as the cooperation and support from the various agricultural organizations and commodity groups and nongovernmental organizations such as the one campaign, who have been encased in this process. i look forward to maintaining and building upon these positive relations as we move forward and carefully monitor the implementation of this strategy. i urge my colleagues to support
5:29 pm
this bill and with that i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. mr. engel: mr. speaker, it's now my pleasure to yield five minutes to the gentlewoman from minnesota, one of the authors of this bill and someone who has worked so long on issues like these for so many, many years, and a lot of this is really a result of her hard work through the years, betty mccollum, five minutes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from minnesota is recognized for five minutes. ms. mccollum: thank you, mr. speaker. today i rise in strong support of the global fod security act, h.r. 1567. and i want to especially thank congressman chris smith for being a real true partner on this bill. his work to advance global food security for which we both care about so very deeply. this bill's an important bill, with a goal everyone should support. helping hardworking farmers grow the food they need to feed and support their families. as we've already heard in the world's poorest countries nearly 800 million people are
5:30 pm
croo chronically -- are chronically hungry or malnourished and more than 150 million children under the age of 5 are stunted. no parent should have to watch their child suffer or even die because they didn't have access to nutritious food they needed to survive. for children that somehow do survive, the lasting damage of having access to healthy food means that a child will not grow physically and mentally the way that they should. especially during the first 1,000 days. and any damage that is done is permanent. stunting means and i quote a child didn't develop in full. and it is irreversible and the child will have little achieving their full potential. we know that chronic mall nutrition and it is harmful for
5:31 pm
that child or the family and undermines the development of an entire community and perpt traits a cycle of poverty and all of this is completely preventable. farmers, especially women, see the future to provide the tools, the resources, the education these farmers need to grow their way out of poverty and create new economic opportunities. i have been fortunate to see usaid and the work it is doing around the clobe globe and hear about the differences. a mother can feed her family better food and invest in her community and become an interviewer herself. these are success stories when the united states makes smart
5:32 pm
investments. these are the successes we must continue if we want to strengthen families, communities national en our own security. it is partnering with the private sector businesses and universities, bringing these sectors together with the knowledge and expertise is not only good for a farmer or process other but build builds a stable market. companies are working. gernl mills c.e.o. said and i quote directly, we are hungry to help the farmer by selling her crops will generate the money needed and pay for her children to go to school. that sums what it is all about. and empowering woman farmers to
5:33 pm
care and support their families. i thank congressman smith for being a great partner and chairman the chairman and the ranking member for helping to move this legislation forward. i want to thank the staff for all the work you did to help get this bill to the floor today. in december of 2014, this house passed a similar version of this bill by voice vote but the senate failed to act. colleagues rge my to support this bill and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. mr. smith: i yield to the gentleman from florida, mr. yoho. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from florida is recognized. mr. yoho: i would like to thank my colleagues for bringing this
5:34 pm
bill up today. i rise in support of this bill. this bill reflects almost two years of work. both of which the committees i serve on. this is an important step and properly authorizing a program which has essentially been on auto pilot for the last seven years and an important program needs to be re-examined by congress and duly authorized so the changes can be made to stop he terrible pattern -- the re-authorization is too difficult to work out the legislation demonstrates what we were sent up here to do and stop the cycling good money after bad. is authorizes previously unauthorized money than what is appropriated in the last two
5:35 pm
fiscal years. through the work of the committees, we have been able to eliminate waste and strengthen congressional oversight and institute no new spending and begin weaning these nations by including the private sector and oipping markets for u.s. trade and investment instead of aid. i think it's change to change our paradigm in giving aid to foreign governments and give aid to trade and that way we wean off of the structure we have done in the past. i urge my colleagues to support this and show the rest of the world that congress is doing what it is meant to, making the hard choices and crafting legislation that will not waste taxpayers' money and encourage
5:36 pm
the best results and on to u.s. trade. thank you, and i yield back. ip the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new york is recognized. r. sherman: i reserve. mr. smith: i have no further speakers. mr. engel: i yield myself such time as i may to close. as you have heard, this is a good bill and deserves to be supported by everyone in the house. any global and mall nutrition is 3.1 ormous challenge and child deaths each ear, let me y it again, .1 million commiled mall nutrition deaths each ear and these are deaths that we can save and they are
5:37 pm
dying if we do nothing. so we do does more. this bill is a step in the right direction. and i urge all of our colleagues to support it. i thank chairman royce, mr. smith and mismccollum for their hard work on this issue. and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from new jersey is recognized. mr. smith: i yield myself such time as i may consume. i thank mr. engel for his kind remarks and support. etty mccollum has been a great partnership. and others are committed to ending chronic hunger and to providing self-sufficiency in countries where it is a matter of conveying best practices and increasing the capabilities -- i
5:38 pm
mean it is all integrated. i want to thank you for your leadership on this very important piece of legislation. and again, it bears saying, all the deaths of children over 5 are a tribble to mall nutrition. this is a complicated factor and allows diseases to take hold in that child and cause havoc if not death. 1 million children stunted worldwide. i was in guatemala and they signed up, the new president has indicated that it's a very important part of his program and see it in africa and asia that. nutrition is provided. it does mitigate disease and does mean that they have a chance at life and bolingstered
5:39 pm
where they can resist multiple attacks of various diseases and et to adolescence and into adulthood. this is bipartisan. and it bears repeating. this bill has been a long time in the making. as betty said, we passed it last congress and i guess as i said earlier, the clock did run out. it did not go up for a vote in the senate. but we had a dozen hearings on rica and it's been a multi year effort and a great deal of vetting and has gone into the language, very closely with the champlee mike conaway. this has been a great collaborative effort of our
5:40 pm
members and precipitations. so i urge members to support it. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. will the house suspend the rules d pass h.r. h.r. 1657 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative -- the gentleman from kentucky is recognized. >> i ask for the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. remain in favor well standing. the yeas and nays are ordered. further proceedings on this uestion will be postponed. pursuant to clause 12-a of rule 1. the chair is
5:41 pm
all women deserve to be treated equally.
5:42 pm
and representative loretta sanchez says -- >> as we wait for the house to come back in for votes at 6:30, here's today's white house briefing.
5:43 pm
>> good afternoon, everybody. josh: hope you-all had a good weekend. as advertised, we are going to do a follow-up to the zika is that what he meant by that? again, leading into the idea that he's rooting for her? mr. earnest: i think the president was leaning into the idea of a value statement. that the united states is a country where people who work hard and are willing to play by the rules are not going to be limited by their last name or what they look like or their religion or even their gender. but rather america's place where if you work hard your dreams can come true. the president wants to preserve that promise for future generations. he talked about that quite a
5:44 pm
bit. certainly when it comes -- certainly that applied to the scenario, when women are competing for the highest selected office in the -- elected office in the land, they should be evaluated based on their ideas and their values that's the enda and kind of country i think that we all aspire to. that's the value that the president is giving voice to today. reporter: is he ready to see a woman pd pat? mr. earnest: i think the president indicated in his remarks that the country's ready for that. but the candidates are going to be evaluated based on their values. and on their priorities. and on their agenda. and -- look, there already has been a tough debate already about who the next president will be. and that debate will only intensify in advance of november and that's the way
5:45 pm
that we're going to choose our next president. and the president will be an eager participant in that process. reporter: one more ol politics. there was an announcement from speaker ryan -- [inaudible] -- i'm sure you're aware. do you think democrats should be preparing for the possibility that he could be -- [inaudible] -- the republican nominee? mr. earnest: it's my understanding that at meeting that speaker ryan has convened is to ensure everybody, including democrats, that people need to be concerned about the prospect of him running for president any time soon. at least not this year. but i'll let him speak for himself about his own plans. i think democrats are going to have a forceful argument to make. the president will be part of making that argument, in some ways he already has been. there will be plenty of time to consider exactly how that argument lines up and who the candidates will be over the course of this year. and republicans have their own
5:46 pm
process that's established for nominating a candidate for president. they have their own set of rules that guide how that process will work. and i understand that speaker ryan is the chair of the i blican convention so expect he'll spend time rushing up on the finer points . ultimately it will be up to the republicans to decide who they want to represent their party in the general election. reporter: democrats should take that at face value -- [inaudible] -- should not do any preparation -- [inaudible] mr. earnest: i think speaker ryan is hoping everybody will take him at face value when he delivers his comments later today. i'll let him speak for himself. reporter: and just one more looking ahead to next week. i assume the white house is ollowing more fallout from the
5:47 pm
panama papers, prime minister cam ran -- cameron. i'm wondering if you could tell me whether or not the white house is following that and if we should expect the president to defend the prime minister in any way on this front? mr. earnest: i know that the white house has been following this story. there's been a lot of reporting at's been generated by journalists who have analyzed the data that was released. in some cases this has caused politicians in places like iceland and china and, yes, some places in europe, who have been connected to that information in one way or another. i know that what prime minister cameron has done is released an unprecedented amount of information about his taxes in order to help his constituents understand exactly what has taken place. i don't know to what extent
5:48 pm
that will satisfy the inquiries that he and his office have received. but the argument that the president made, when speaking from this podium last week, is that the united states has been a strong advocate of greater transparency in the international financial system. and there are a number of steps that the obama administration has advanced in pursuit of that goal. but there obviously is more work that we believe can be done. this is an important principle because we know that there are bad actors that capitalize on the opaque nature of some international financial transactions. to try to launder money, to evade u.s. sanctions, and to store the profits of corruption . so greater transparency into those transactions would enhance the ability of the united states and our international partners to combat those efforts.
5:49 pm
so we're going to continue to advocate for transparency and it sounds like prime minister cameron has opted for greater transparency to help the british people understand exactly his role in this story. i don't know whether or not this will continue to be the topic of intense interest when president obama travels to london next week, i would anticipate that while the president's in london he'll have an opportunity to take questions from all of you and we'll see that the point whether or not you and your british counterparts consider this to be a relevant newsworthy topic at that point. reporter: another likely topic will be breakfast. can you describe whether or not the president -- what we should expect from him on that front and whether or not he's at all -- rned about weighing in too much of an issue? mr. earnest: i don't have any specific set of remarks to
5:50 pm
preview for you. the position that we have previously expressed is that the united states benefits from a strong u.k. that's part of the e.u. ultimately the british people will have to decide exactly what they want the future to hold. with regard to their country's relationship with the rest of europe. i think that in any case, the president will respect the sovereignty of the u.k. and the right of the british people to make that determination. but when the president is taking questions from the press corps, i wouldn't be surprised if this is considered a newsworthy topic that come up. -- comes up. reporter: i want to talk about brazil a little bit. lots of difficult news, brazil, more folks expected on impeachment proceedings for the president in coming days.
5:51 pm
and then today the i.m.f. downgraded its forecast of the economy, going to shrink 3.8% this year instead of 3.5%. just wondering how the white house uses -- how concerned is t that these economic policies -- [inaudible] -- mr. earnest: i did not see the news about the new economic assessment from the i.m.f. the kinds of political challenges that's facing the government in brazil does not typically have a positive impact on the broader economic outlook of the country. so not surprised to hear that assess frment the i.m.f. i don't think any of the developments, either in the political realm or in the economic realm, have changed the president's assessment of the situation there. when the president did his news conference in argentina alongside the president, the
5:52 pm
president voiced his confidence brazilian t of the government and brazilian democracy to weather the political cross winds that they're enduring right now. and the president had confidence in the ability of that governing system to resolve the concerns that have been raised and allow the british government and the british people to move forward. they obviously have a busy summer ahead. there are olympic games that they're preparing to host. that will put brazil on the spotlight. e certainly are hopeful that the british government will be able -- or that the brazilian government will confront these
5:53 pm
challenges, will deal with them according to the rules that are codified in their constitution and their system of government, d move forward in a way that can, over the longer term, begin to strengthen their economy. obviously when you have a country as large as brazil that has as many economic ties with the united states, it's in our interest to see their economy strong. it's in our interest to see the country's economy develop in way that they can continue to be an important trading partner with the united states. prior to the president's trip to brazil, in the first term of his presidency, we spent a decent amount of time talking about how important his economic ties were and how irect the consequences are for our trade relationship. both here in the united states,
5:54 pm
when it comes to our economy, but also the impact it has on the economy of brazil. even in light of the developments that you have cited, the united states and president obama himself have confidence in the durability of the brazilian democracy to weather those challenges. reporter: and i know you haven't seen all the details of his i.m.f. report today, but they're also quite gloomy about global. the global economy. japan, russia and brazil all don't pan out too well. how worried is the white house that if this continues it will lead to more global protectionist sentiment? mr. earnest: well, the -- over the last couple of years the president's economists have noted that the chief headwinds
5:55 pm
to the u.s. economy right now are emanating from overseas. there is a direct impact on the u.s. economy that is deeply integrated with the global economy, when we see some of ur partners encounter some economic difficulties. but this also goes to the argument that the president himself has made quite a bit recently that the united states has an economy that's the envy of the world. the united states economy is durable, the united states onomy is strong, and the investments -- and the strategy that we committed to in the president's first couple of years of his presidency are now reaping significant benefits for the american people and the american economy. that's a good thing. and it is what makes the u.s. economy the envy of the world.
5:56 pm
and the president's view is that when -- even in this situation, where some of our significant trading partners are encountering some economic difficulties, this would be exactly the wrong time to retrench. what we should be doing is helping u.s. businesses look for additional opportunities overseas. we know that's good for our broader economy, it's good for creating jobs, it's good for economic growth. we know that places upward pressure on wages, that jobs in the united states that are tied to exports actually pay higher on average than the typical american job. that is all the more reason that we should be looking for additional opportunities to help american businesses do business overseas. and that's one of the reasons that the president continues to be an ardent advocate of congressional approval for the trans-pacific partnership. this would expand the ability of u.s. businesses to engage in commerce with countries in the
5:57 pm
asia-pacific region, some of whom have the most -- have some of the most economically dynamic -- some of whom are the most economically dynamic countries in the world. that is the path to the kind of economic growth and success that the president would like to see the united states enjoy ver the long term. reporter: the president was speaking at chicago last week, he said he found encryption as one of the major judicial issues of the time and judges sort of sorting out the difference between privacy and security. i'm wondering if that's another signal, especially in light of the draft that's been circulating on capitol hill, and leaked in part last week, that the president prefers congress not act here and that decided in combination between the courts and the the broader national conversation he's talked about.
5:58 pm
mr. earnest: let me restate the principle. i think it's worth doing. the president believes in strong encryption, that there is -- he believes that strong encryption has important value both for our economy and our national security. he also believes that strong encryption can be critical in protecting privacy. all of those are good things. all of those are things that the president strongly believes. and it's why he believes that strong encryption should be robustly deployed. t the same time, we should not have a situation where bad actors, terrorists, can essentially establish a safe haven in cyberspace. i recognize and the president recognizes that there's some tension in those principles. and resolving that tension, both in the near term, but also over the long term, will be challenging. one of the reasons that that will be challenging is not just because these are principles
5:59 pm
that are really important, but these are also principles that we're trying to enforce in a very dynamic environment. technology companies are gularly innovating and finding new ways to encrypt information. and he suring that we have a policy and a resolution -- ensuring that we have a poly and a resolution of those two principles that can adapt to the ever-changing environment will be critical to the long-term success of this policymaking process. what i will say is, after describing how complex that situation is, i'll just observe that there are some quite simple things that congress has struggled to do. i think the example that's at the front of my mind today is the administration two months ago put forward a specific documented request for $1.9 billion in funding to fight zika. this is a virus that we know threatens pregnant women and
6:00 pm
their newborn children. this is a virus that our scientists and public health professionals are increasingly worried about. but yet we haven't seen congress do anything. on a commonsense matter of public health and public safety. . that is quite a disappointment and level of disfunction in congress, particularly because we see too many republicans dragging their feet to act on what is a rather commonsense piece of legislation. that diminishes my expectation with respect tore congress' ability to deal with an encryption policy. reporter: you don't think they will pass something or will not pass zika funding. do you not think they are not capable of passing legislation? josh: both are in doubt.
6:01 pm
both their ability to pass legislation and put together constructive legislation that ould pass are both questions are significantly in doubt. reporter: question on saudi arabia and reached an agreement on oil production. is that something that you have talked to saudi arabia about and expect to hear something next prices increased gas and u.s. energy sector, what is the agreement that the white house supports? josh: i haven't seen the reports. i have seen previous reports that did not prove to pan out and didn't prove to be true. let's look at this news report before commenting on it. >>
6:02 pm
reporter: the president commented that emails and value is [indiscernible question] josh: i think the point of the president's remarks was to acknowledge the facts of that specific situation. what sort of ruling is handed down is something the commissioners will have to hand done. the pay disparity that exists, including when it comes to the best soccer players in the world. and that's the president's alluded to. >> u.s. national team. would you like to see something changed in soccer?
6:03 pm
[indiscernible] josh: i haven't talked to him about the specific issue and i'm not versed in all of the policies that may govern the setting of salaries for the men's and women's team. the president's observation today, however, is that there is a significant disparity based solely on the gender of the players and that seems unfair. what consequences that has for policy decisions that have to eventually has to be made, i don't know what that process is. but i think that disparity and the inherent unfairness of that disparity i think is pretty obvious to anyone who is paying attention. reporter: does the president
6:04 pm
think that the joke shared by secretary clinton and mayor de blasio is in poor taste? rsh i didn't see the joke you are referring to. reporter: it was used as a racial reference, but they claim it was a politician reference. questions have been raised about ofting proprietyy of the use the phrase. josh: i'm not sure the president is away of it. i haven't spoken to him about it. >> thanks josh. reporter: the americans are ready for electing a president or just now? josh: i think the president believed and believed for some
6:05 pm
time that the united states is ready for a women president. reporter: has this all always been the case? josh: the country is ready for a woman to be elected president of the united states. look for -- the reason the president traveled to this location, this newly designated national monument is to acknowledge the fact that for more than half of our country's history, i'm doing the math right, women were denied the right to vote. and that is going to be inhibitting the ability but only because of the progress that many women and men fought for, we have made our country more fair, that we have made our country more just and we have
6:06 pm
enhanced the justices built into our voting system and only because of that hard-won progress that we have reached a situation, more recently that it is possible for a woman to be legitimated. that it is a practical reality and that reflects what our founders envisioned in terms of forming a more perfect union. the republicans are trying to use the voting system to make it rder for americans who are otherwise eligible to vote to cast a ballot and that is -- that's moving in the wrong direction and the irony is and some republicans have acknowledged that this is a purely -- that they have a
6:07 pm
purely partisan motive for trying to erode the progress that we have made in our system of voting and that's something that we need to improve. reporter: the president feel like he has done -- is he atisfied that in the advancements he has made, equal pay for equal work. if he is dissatisfied, what is the source of that dissatisfaction and what he is doing about it? josh: the president has taken steps to try to make equal pay for equal work a reality in this country and you alluded the fact pay e lilly ledbetter fair act for workes to take their
6:08 pm
cases to court and make sure they are being treated fairly. the president has created the national equal pay task force and the paycheck fairness act and skewed an executive order to -- and we have been working with the department of labor and e.e.o.c. to target. there are rules on the books that could be effectively used to ensure that people are being treated fairly and the president has made the case that this isn't just an issue for women that a lot of the women who are being discriminated against in the workplace and not getting the same amount of pay that their male colleagues are getting are women who are part
6:09 pm
f two-pay demrep check households. and they have kids they are trying to provide for. this isn't just a women's issue but a family issue. and it is why it is one of the reasons the president has been an add ent advocate of this the y and trying to expand policy and we need to make sure those families that rely on two pay commecks to pay the bills, that both of those are fair. we talking?at are josh: the president is proud of the progress we have made to make our country more fair and the fairness shows up. reporter: how interested is the
6:10 pm
president in doing that? josh: the president is somebody to has advocated for reform our country's classification system. you recall back in 2009, the executive ssued an order that essentially established the national declassification center that would expedite the consideration for the declassification of a number of government records. there is also an effort under way to establish an open and uniform system for placing ensure the we we can information is handled and live up to the president's commitment to transparency that should
6:11 pm
apply even in a national security setting. i can't tell you that the president has read the 28 pages. the director of national intelligence is doing a review of those pages. and the president has confidence in the ability of those national security professionals to consider those documents for release. reporter: you can't tell me if he has read them. have you asked him personally, have you taken a look. i imagine that he has seen them, no? josh: i don't know if he has. reporter: if he gets the opportunity. josh: along with the questions today. reporter: one last button up on that one, given the suggestions and i'm reading it now and i have read the pages, there is a section that is not classified specific in part,
6:12 pm
sources of foreign support for some of the september 11 hijackers while they are were in the united states and it has been suggested by some that the support may have come by the saudi leadership. ahead of the trip there, do you suspect that will be part of the conversation and have you heard allegations? josh: this was an allege. this was the outside group that was formed and national security experts who investigated 9/11 and issued a report and reporting about what they knew what happened and proposing a set of reforms that they erged the government toll prevent it from happening in the future. saudi arabia has been long considered the fours of al qaeda . nding but found no nunding
6:13 pm
so there already has been a close look at the kind of support that al qaeda, including al qaeda in the united states may have received and this was included in a report that was released a number of years ago. reporter: it is not likely this ill be a topic of conversation during the visit. josh: it has been in the news might change that equation. i think it is true that the people who have looked at this and put together the 9/11 report did not find any direct links between the saudi government providing support, financial support to al qaeda. reporter: senior saudi arabia
6:14 pm
eport. jerome. reporter: everybody should be -- does the president want to go -- josh: everybody? [indiscernible question] josh: i don't have an i tinary to the president's trip to japan in may. and i don't know at this point whether or not any side trips will be on the president's i tinary. the president on previous trips has faced the question of whether or not to include a stop shoma. the he symbol is
6:15 pm
significant and even some war terribleility to wreak destruction and one of the reasons that the president has aarted and routinely convened national security summit is in pursuit of a world without nuclear weapons. and if that continues to be a long-term goal, the president has indicated that is unlikely to be achieved during his lifetime, but there is progress that we can make in pursuit of that goal. and one place to start is by bet r safeguarding and safeguarding nuclear weapon technology that could spread and could proliferate. that is the point of the summit.
6:16 pm
there is probably, no more powerful illustration of that commitment than the city that contained of the first use of that weapon. i don't have any update, but we'll keep you updated. reporter: the controversial north carolina law, republicans -- indiss earn i believe] - indiscernible] josh: previous states have passed these bills into law. i don't know what mechanisms are in place to consider those kinds of questions in advance of a law being passed. but you can check with the
6:17 pm
department of education for greater clarity on that. the administration is firmly committed to promoting and defending equal rights including lgbt americans and specific laws like this that seek to target and marginalize, one small target of the population. it is mean spirited. in places like north carolina and mississippi and it's true as being considered in a place like tennessee. what is being considered in tennessee that that state has thrived economically in part of their ability to make their cases that they have a great climate to doing businesses. passing mean-spirited bills through the state legislature is not a good endorsement of your business climate. and ultimately, businesses will
6:18 pm
have to make ziss decisions about this. states like tennessee and to a certain extent, north carolina and mississippi have a long istory even the last couple of generations of working through questions of civil rights. president obama has talked on a number of occasions about the important progress that our country has made. this is a good illustration that the fight for civil rights is not over and demanding equality for every american an suring those americans are not singled out or targeted because of their sex or their race or what their last name is or their religion or who they love or who they are
6:19 pm
is a struggle that continues. and the president is going to be on the side of equality, justice and fairness for every americans. [indiscernible question] josh: you have to talk to the individual geags about that. they are coordinating the activities among themselves and important legal questions have to be resolved. but i don't have an update for you. vintea cnn interview with fox and donald trump to build a wall, not the first time he is criticized that he is -- and called him a dictator and had a message, wake up america. does the president feel like the american people have to wake up
6:20 pm
during this election? josh: the president has observed that he is confident that mr. trump will not be elected president. that is something that the president has said himself directly. more general, the reason we have elections in this country, it's an opportunity for the american people to consider the values and agenda and track record of those who are competing for the highest elected office in the land and the decision is reached by the voters is one that has significant consequences. the american people have chosen to ininvestigate authority in the president of the united states. and making this decision is an important one and one that has significant consequences for the united states but countries around the world. i didn't see the interview.
6:21 pm
but that's what president fox was referring to. again, ultimately, the president will have an opportunity to make clear why the democratic nominee is the one who should be elected and one he prefers, but he will make that opportunity once the democratic party has shows chen a nominee and will join that he debate in earnest once the republicans have chosen it. >> the freedom of information released apers were and in 1999 when there was a possibility that trump would be running for president. and these are notes from his aids, president clinton's aids before he was preparing for his interview is asked whether or not his own problems in the
6:22 pm
white house contributed to celebrities wanted to be president and his aides said according to the notes that he responds saying, i think they are saying the way the media covers it and i have confidence, rafrls of who runs for president or how they are covered, the president will see through the smoking mirrors. the people have the ultimate power at the ballot box. what do you think of the fact there was argument made 17 years ago? josh: i think it sounds like based on what you read, president clinton was expressing confidence in the american people and the american voters that president obama has routinely expressed confidence in. and doesn't mean that every election goes down the way that the president would hope, but it does mean particularly in the
6:23 pm
national election that will get as much attention as the presidential election will. the president will have an and to collection and the -- to do the diligent work required. reporter: as secretary carter has notified that the u.s. is considering reconfiguring its resources in the sign ayaan the century technology, can you confirm that? josh: the united states remains as committed as ever to the success of a multinational force and observers. this is part of the treaty that was signed between israel and egypt and the united states has played an important role.
6:24 pm
and what is true is that since the decisions were made about how to observe that treaty and its entering sboog effect, there are have been great advances in technology that will allow the work that is currently done by the forces in the sinai, that can be supplemented with new technology. this has the potential to actually make this monitoring effort even more effective and the changes that the department of defense is prepared to make are consistent with this desire to supplement our efforts with new technology. what sort of impacts that has on the presence of u.s. military in -- sinai peninsula is
6:25 pm
on the u.s. department of defense. this treaty and this mission has never been stronger and that's evidenced by the fact that the united states government is pleeped to deploy new equipment and new technology toll supplement the efforts that have een ongoing in the sinai peninsula. reporter: is it more dangerous on the ground for u.s. troops? josh: that threat has been in existence since those forces were deployed there and a number of steps that have been taken over the years to enhance the force protection measures that are in place. but the policy changes that are being implemented by the department of defense are a reflection of technology that can ensure the success of this
6:26 pm
operation. ok. jordan. reporter: i want to ask you about comments made by new orleans head quiche sean peyton. he said, i hate guns and he said if that's the opinion of new orleans, so be it. the white house agrees with those comments and anyone from the white house has reached out to sean peyton as a potential joolt eye? josh: i'm not away. he is someone who is speaking of great ition of tragedy and he clearly has lost a former player and someone who he said publicly meant a lot to
6:27 pm
him and there is a lot of pain and emotion in that quote, in that expression. the policy position the administration has taken is somewhat different than that. but the administration has been forceful in the advocating for the adoption of commonsense measures that would keep guns out of the hands of people who shouldn't have them. and with can do that in a variety of ways without undermining the rights of americans and the president is an advocate for those policies and unclear exactly what transpired on saturday night that resulted in the death of new orleansa former saints football player.
6:28 pm
unclear about an existing policy could have prevented that loss of life. but look, it is -- it does serve to illustrate that gun violence is too common in our society and and there are things that we can violence. e that gun can't prevent every act of violence from occurring but we can reduce gun violence that esn't the constitutional rights. and those measures should be taken. olivia. report report classified information. and trying to understand that the president is taking information about the news media bout the ongoing troubles of secretary of state clinton's
6:29 pm
emails. he never received an assessment of the political ramifications of this controversy? josh: the president has neither asked for nor received a briefing on the confidential elements of the ongoing swregs. obviously, the president has talked about this issue publicly and there are details about this case publicly in large part secretary clinton has asked h.r. emails have been released publicly and there are tens of thousands of pages of emails that you have reported on and has informed the president of the situation. the president can dow upon her own knowledge but it is true that the president has not receivedal specific briefing and hasn't asked for one, on the
6:30 pm
confidential ongoing investigation that is being conducted by the department of justice. reporter: and then, i was reading how much distance you have put between the administration and the prosecution of leakers and whistleblowers. when you talk about no one with politics in their job prosecutions, the president nominates a number of federal prosecutors. the president has wide lat feud in determining the prosecution and where these resources go. how can you -- you were putting an enormous amount of distance between the president. can you elaborate? josh: the point i was trying to make and i was trying to be intentionally strong, there is


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on