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tv   Hearing on Foreign Assistance and Violent Extremism  CSPAN  April 12, 2016 9:00pm-11:10pm EDT

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winner for hert third price documentary on the wildhorse population. we then headed to california to studentcam participants there. in oh harbor california, judy chu honors second prize winners for their winning documentary on sense security called "a of security." thisber, every weekday month be sure to watch the top 21 entries.
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"washingtom journal" live every day. wednesday, the prospect for passage of a republican budget. and the 2016 presidential campaign. brendan boyle will join us to discuss some of the top .ssues bloom get his thoughts on the 2016 presidential candidate in the upcoming democratic national convention. editor forutive esquire magazine will talk about his magazine that takes a look at the learning lines between politics and entertainment. >> john kasich delivered a campaign each of the women's
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national republican club in new york city. this one half hour. kasich: it is great to be here. wonderfulally a clubhouse the organization is so steve in history as well as the history of our party and country. the club was founded i leaders of the suffrage movement with the new voting rights in mind. it was intended to be a place where women could meet and share knowledge about political issues so as to be better informed. voters, women could participate in the choice between candidates and their ideas. it is in that era that i speak
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to all of you today. going to talk about the choice america faces in this election. frankly a choice between two very different past. the entire world is watching civilizationsa brightest begin. they depend on peas and stability. civilizations enemies only seek for us to fail. presidentscome and go. while the president is really matter it is the democratic principles that have made us that leader for more than two
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centuries that have been sturdy enough to transcend political and ideological differences a civil war, two world wars and eight century of technological and societal. remained's history's greatest force for good. we stay true to who we are. one nation under god with liberty and justice for our. mostmay be one of the consequential. complexface so many pressures. it will force tough decisions for not only our leaders from every one of us. always like our options. the issues we confront from fighting isis and handling wrestler, china, north korea in the middle east to addressing
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displaced workers, civil rights, the new plague of drug addiction at home as well as slow economic growth and rising debt. they are all critical. this cannot be understated. you can overload us if we let it. even in the face of this multitude of complex problems clarity can emerge. anxiety the of choices can't be reproduced and then reduced to 10 and then again. they eventually are whittled down to just two. here they are. our backs on the ideals of america that has seen as the two centuries or are we going to reform that america is
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the last best hope for man on earth. this is our choice. for some of the challenges we couldhat each to present ite rise to fear or anger could be paralyzing. the response for some is to retreat into the past-to yearn for "the way things used to be." to these people, today's america is only seen as a broken place, and the people who did the breaking are "the other:" people with more money-or less money, people with different-sounding last names, or different religious beliefs, or different colored skin or lifestyles or - whatever you get the idea. we have been told that, because of all this change, america has become dark, that we have
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succumbed and that we are no longer strong. we are told that we are no longer respected in the world. in fact, we are even told that foreign governments are actually controlling our destiny because they have become smarter than us and tougher than us. this picture of america in economic and moral decline is, of course, always followed up with warnings of our impending destruction. for many americans these fears and this outlook are as real as the building we are in today. and the anger they cause is real. it is true, we are fighters in america, but we fight for what is good and what is right - and when we do that we win. don't let anyone ever tell you otherwise.
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when we come together, when we unite as a country, america always wins. for those who are angry or afraid, i want to assure you there is another, better way. some who feed off of the fears and anger that is felt by some of us and exploit it feed their own insatiable desire for fame or attention. that could drive america down into a ditch, not make us great again. just as disturbing are the solutions they offer. we have heard proposals to create a religious test for immigration, to target neighbhoods for surveillance, impose draconian tariffs which would crush trade and destroy american jobs. we have heard proposals to drop out of nato, abandon europe to
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russia, possibly use nuclear weapons in europe, end our defense partnerships in asia, and tell our middle east allies that they have to go it alone. we have been offered hollow promises to impose a value-added tax, balance budgets through simple and whimsical cuts in "fraud, waste and abuse." there is no title of office that has that. we have been promised that unpopular laws shall be repealed simply through the will of a strong man in the white house and that supreme court justices will be empowered with some new extra-constitutional ability to investigate former public officials.
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i have stood on a stage and watched with amazement as candidates wallowed in the mud, viciously attacked one another, called each other liars and disparaged each other's character. those who continuously push that type of behavior are not worthy of the office they are seeking. and as for me, i will not take the low road to the highest office in the land. just as an all-consuming fear of america in decline ends in visions of america's destruction, a political strategy based on exploiting americans instead of lifting them up inevitably leads to divisions, paranoia, isolation, and promises that can never, ever be fulfilled.
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i say to you that this path to darkness is the antithesis of all that america has meant for 240 years. some have a different response to the pressures they see bearing down on america-and themselves. it would never occur to me that america would break-or could break-from challenges to our economy or security. we harden with resolve through ingenuity and coming together. we can't sit by idly and expect fate or destiny to sweep in and rescue us. we always roll up our sleeves and get to work when the going gets tough. we have never seen the american spirit fail. america's strength is that we are bound by shared ideas, by communities and families and people who are free, creative
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and giving. this is what makes america great, not some politician or some law. the spirit of our country rests in us. and, notwithstanding all our challenges, america still is great. take any measure, whether it's life expectancy, medicine, nutrition, technology, innovation, transportation or even economic power. america's economy is still the largest and most productive in the world. we're bigger than the next two economies - china and japan - combined. america still leads the world in making things. america is among the largest exporters of goods and services in the world. america is home to six out of
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the top ten universities in the world. america is the world's inventor and leads in intellectual property. don't let anybody, particularly a politician, tell you that america is not great. that doesn't mean we aren't capable of drifting. we can-and we have been. and, too many americans are still being left behind-or are making it but feel betrayed by a system that became "too big to fail." too many feel that government and politicians have betrayed them. there are a lot of americans who ask why no one is speaking for them? why is it, no one is working for you? why is it, you hear all these
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promises from politicians and nothing comes of it? and, you are right. for too long, politicians have been making promises based upon polling or what was politically expedient. that is not leadership. leadership is the willingness to walk a lonely road with a team of people with their eyes fixed on the horizon focused on solving problems and healing our country. leading is serving. there is a better, higher path. true leadership means pursuing it, even if it is hard. the sacrifice is part of the job, however, because leaders can't lead unless they are servants first. to run for president you have to respect the dignity of a job where close to 320 million people are depending on you.
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our campaigns should be full of ideas that provide energy and solutions, innovations and excitement for whatever office we are running for. because we all have to look our families in the eyes and know that we raised the bar. i want to be able to look my wife and daughters in the eyes and know that they're proud of me and the campaign we are running. american leadership is at its finest when it buckles on that irrepressible "can do" spirit that says anything is possible and that everyone can participate in america's blessings. you see, we can restore our economy, rebuild our military,
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make america safe from terrorism and re-engage as the leader in the world again. we can do this with reasonable and proven solutions rooted in the american ideals that have seen us through tough days before. the proven solutions are right in front of us. we know what needs to be done. there is no better and quicker cure to america's challenges than to grow the economy and stimulate private sector job creation. to have the resources to solve problems we need economic strength. in the 90s when we balanced the federal budget, paid down the federal debt, cut taxes and created surpluses, the result was a sustained period of economic growth, lower interest rates, job creation and national prosperity. businesses were growing, unemployment was at historic lows and nearly anyone who wanted a job, could have one.
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in fact, the labor market became a buyer's market for the job seeker. this was no small feat. think for a moment about what we did: for the first time since americans walked on the moon the federal government had a balanced budget. we didn't only balance the budget. we were also able to reform welfare, end generational dependency; reform the pentagon to strengthen our defenses, cut the capital gains tax and much more. you know, i tell younger audiences about this and they look at me like i'm crazy. they don't believe it ever happened. but, we know it did and it can happen again. it just takes leadership, the will to challenge the status quo and a willingness to work across the aisle. yes, we have to be willing to work with the other party.
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i believe that americans are not only fed up with washington for what they have not done but also tired of the partisan bickering. that doesn't mean you compromise your principles. i don't think anyone would accuse ronald reagan of compromising his principles, but he did work with the democrat speaker, tip o'neil. that's because ronald reagan was a leader. i want to remind you that time. in 1990 four, the republicans captured the house in the senate and had a majority for the first time in 40 years. the people who showed up in that congress could care less about pulling, focus groups, reelection or anything else. they came committed to building a stronger america.
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downcing a budget, paying welfare anding building military strength, all that got accomplished in a short time because we through politics out of the window and we were the americanng the wil people. leader tojob of a slow down. we all need to slow down. who areen to others sometimes never listened to. then, you set an agenda that meets america's needs and you bring everyone together to make it reality. there's no place for dividing, polarizing, pointing fingers or trading on short term political gain. i hold to this philosophy of leadership because i watched great leaders practice it
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successfully and i've seen it work in my own experience. i worked for ten years to pass that balanced budget. it was hard work. when i became chairman of the budget committee, our team was able to get it done - even with a democrat in the white house. we were proud when we reformed welfare and as a member of the armed services committee we all came together to reform the pentagon and realign our military services that resulted in a central command structure that allowed the services to work together. it's the same formula we used in ohio. we were facing an $8 billion deficit and had lost 350,000 jobs. in a few short years we turned that deficit into a surplus of $2 billion and gave ohioans the largest tax cut of any state in the country.
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[applause] we even repealed the death tax. ohio has now created 417,000 private sector jobs. up from the loss of 350,000. it's working. and we continue to work to make sure that no one is left behind. this can work for america again as well. ladies and gentlemen, when it lipsicians are moving, are moving, people feel they are being lied to. a lot of people have wondered why does he keep talking about what he has done? why? you see, i am a citizen, too. when somebody comes to my door and they want to know if i will vote for them and they tell me what their promises are, i look them in the eye.
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i know you say what you're going to do but i want to know what you have done. i have had enough people tell me what they are going to do that never got it done. what have you done in your lifetime? this is why i've we do not have time for on the job training. ofneed someone to the record success to deal with our problems in a turbulent time. based on the fact that my experience in washington and ohio has been successful to getting to work everybody to rise and provide opportunity, i've proposed a 100 day agenda for when i am president. i can tell you, the rest assured, we will restore our economy with a fiscal plan to balance the budget. we will freeze all federal regulations for one year except health and safety, and rebuild
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our rulemaking system to stop crushing small businesses. which kills jobs in our country. [applause] we will simplify and reduce the taxes on individuals so all americans keep more of what they earn. it will help our small businesses. we will reduce taxes on businesses and end double taxation so that they will invest in america and not in have their money trap in europe. we will send welfare, education, medicaid, highway infrastructure and job training back to where we live in the states. the states will be the laboratories of innovation and modeling what works. we will protect the border and use common sense on immigration reform that includes a guest worker program. and, we will fix social security so that we keep the promise to our seniors and future generations. when we do these things, we will
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unleash economic growth which means more jobs, higher wages, and the restoration of the american dream that our children will inherit a better america than we received from our parents. with increased stability and strength america can rebuild its military while at the same time reform the pentagon to operate like a 21st century enterprise. we have no room for waste in that building. it takes money from the first line of our men and women who protect us every day. we will clean it up. we will resume leadership of the world and as we do that we will treat our veterans with respect and lift them to make sure they have what they need whether it's healthcare, jobs or housing. [applause]
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when america is strong, less dependent on debt and growing economically, we can reclaim our place as a leader in the world. finally, when america is strong and actively engaged in the world, the world is a safer place and america is a safer place. you know, this is why we do these things. this is about how we want our country to be. you see, economic growth is not an end unto itself. it is a means to make possible everything we want for our nation and our communities and our families. and, by the way, as we have growth, we have the ability to bring in from the cold those who live in the shadows, those who are forgotten. the poor, the mentally ill, the disabled.
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as americans, we believe that everyone deserves a chance to realize their god-given purpose. we give them the chance when we give them a hand. everyone should have an opportunity to pursue their god given destiny. yes, there is much to fix in our country. there are reasons for our anxieties and fears. our country has been drifting. why? because we have forgotten the formula that makes us strong and we caved to political considerations instead. not leading. not being servants. worry too much about ourselves. what feels good and what is easy. that is not the path to success in our country. we seems to have lost our way as a result. we are stalled. we are at risk of jeopardizing a
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better future for our children. i understand why americans are fearful and distrustful and looking for a reason for the way they feel. i was raised in a small pennsylvania steel town where if the wind blew the wrong way, people would be out of work. it's awful to feel that insecurity. to feel that circumstances are out of your control. to feel like nobody cares and all the institutions have abandoned you. but, we americans have overcome so many challenges them what we face today. some think that the anger some americans are expressing is defined by some nostalgic look backward for simpler times. i simply do not agree. what americans are looking for
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is that quality of leadership we are sorely missing from the past to address today's problems. at each moment of crises in america, we have united as a country and a people. it has been our secret weapon all throughout history. it's so simple but it is also invincible. i spoke earlier about the spirit of our country. but, let me say, our strength and spirit does not reside with a president or any politician. our strength resides within -- inside of us. the knowledge that we can change the world. that we had been made special. the spirit of our country rests in the neighborhoods. the spirit of our country rests in our people.
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we are the ones with the strength to change the world. the power is within each and every one of us. a united america is undefeatable. we are an exceptional country. and that's because we are the exception in history - we are not an ethnic group or religion or language. we are that last great hope for earth that reagan often spoke of, because we have shown that when people from many different backgrounds and ideas and beliefs come together with a common, noble purpose-to be free and just-we are unbeatable. two paths. one choice-the path that exploits anger, encourages resentment, turns fear into hatred and divides people. this path solves nothing, demeans our history, weakens our country and cheapens each of us.
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it has but one beneficiary and that is to the politician who speaks of it. the other path is the one america has been down before. it is well trod, it is at times steep, but it is solid. it is the same path our forebears took together. it is from this higher path that we are offered the greater view. and, imagine for a moment with me that view. fear turns to hope because we remember to take strength from one another. uncertainty turns to peace because we reclaim our faith in the american ideals that have carried us upward before. and america's supposed decline becomes its finest hour, because we came together to say "no" to those who would prey on our human weakness and instead chose leadership that serves, helping
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us look up, not down. this is the path i believe in. this is the cap america believes in. the america i know all americans want us to be. please join me on this higher path. together, united, we can reclaim the america we love and hold so dear. and lift all of us up to partake in its, and the lord's, many blessings. thank you. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪ ♪
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c-span takes you to the road of the white house. to the latest poll showing that donald trump and hillary clinton holding onto a significant lead in advance of the new york state primary. joining us is the director of the institute for public opinion. let's first talk about donald trump. cruz running third
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in the primary. why such a commanding lead? when you look at republicans in new york it is a different ball game. new york does not have the tea party numbers, the white evangelical numbers. the numbers of people that ted cruz has been propelling his campaign with. john kasich is not very well known here. he has only done well in ohio really. that leaves it to donald trump who is from new york. there are a lot of voters in new looking favorably toward him. that is why he is running up gore here. case.as been the numbers.he
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all 95 delegates. >> he has been spending some time in upstate new york. not a whole lot of both by the border. few, and ted cruz was in the bronx. congressional district and if they can keep trumped below the majority there are a few delicate to be had here and there. these are long shots. is heading terms way. donald trump on the ballot, bernie sanders. can you recall a new york primary that has gotten this much attention to sleep in the process? lee: not on both sides. no. this is very unusual. new york is a different
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ballgame. we are definitely going to demonstrate that in turn of reset some trunk can recent setbacks. hillary clinton may break the winning streak. r areront situatedunners on the democratic side to do very well. clinton with a 14 point lead over senator bernie sanders. lee: it is all about age. when you look at the people who going the45, that is sanders way. when you look at people over 45, that is going clinton's way. clinton is running a 14 point lead. is a closed primary. democrats only can vote. sanders has been doing well with
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independents elsewhere. here in new york they will not be enrolled. that makes a difference. are a lot more african-americans and latinos in new york than there have been elsewhere. right now is going clinton's way. the senator is here. she had a good approval rating, state-wide. new yorkers look back at that time in her term very favorably. she does very well in new york city. upstate is raking pretty even between them. ese lion share of the vot that is why she is an aspirant
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as she is. >> secretary clinton and bernie sanders will meet. ,ernie sanders is been in italy a couple of days off the campaign trail. does this impact any momentum he may have from the debate? lee: we will have to see. that is why they do campaigns. it is a choice he made it to little bit tok a make things go on a different path. the path is one that he wants desperately to chip away at the number of pledged delegates that are going clinton's way. theyork will do just opposite for sanders. it will add to clinton's margin, not narrow the gap. is looking to change the equation. who knows whether that will have an impact favorably for him or not. he clearly needs to do something
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to change the pattern in new york. he's looking at a situation pick he is more likely to up more delegates and close the margin which is what he so badly need right now as we get down to the numbers to clinch the nomination. if it is aically, tramp/clinton race, will new york be competitive? lee: at this point new york would not be in play. 61% to clinton would get trunk 32%. that is a 29.8. when you match up sanders it is edge new york is a very loose. blue state and would remain so. thank you for being with us.
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we appreciate it. lee: my pleasure. madam secretary. we proudly give 72 of our delegate vote to the next president of the united states. ♪ [cheers] >> waste and inefficiency is the subject of a government hearing tomorrow. then we will hear from the u.s. comptroller and representatives from the irs and medicare
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services. we have live coverage at 10 a.m. eastern on c-span3. areamorrow washington committee leads a government subcommittee on the subway system. speaker of the house paul ryan formally rolled out a white house bit earlier today at a press conference on capital hill. here is a look. paul ryan: good afternoon. longt returned from a week trip to meet with our allies in syria. i will tell you. our hasazing how followed so closely overseas. i was asked about it everywhere i went. there was more
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speculation that someone other than the current candidate will emerge as our party's nominee. i want to put this to rest once and for all. know, i've stayed out of this race and remained neutral. my job is to ensure that there is integrity in the process, rules that means it is not my theyo tell delegates what should do. i have a message to relay today. we had too much work to do in the house to allow the spiral or how my motivations questioned. let me be clear. acceptt want, nor will i , the nomination for our party. let me speak to me to be delegates on this. if no candidate has the majority on the first ballot, i believe that you should only choose from
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a person who is actually participated in the primary. count me out. i simply believe if you want to be the nominee for our party, to be the president, you should actually run for it. i chose not to do this. therefore i should not be considered, period. e of story. n it would bed wrong to go any other way. let me say again. i'm not one to be our parties nominee. does not mean i am going to disappear. when i accepted the speakership i did so on the condition that i would do things differently than they had been done in the past. i made it clear that this would he a policy and communications focused speakership. i made beer last year -- clear last year that we would the running a policy agenda and
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offer a clear choice to the american people. that is what i told my colleagues what i would do and it aptly what i have been doing. there is a big debate going on right now. it is about what kind of country we are going to be. i believe i have not just an opportunity for an obligation to dvance that that -- a debate. edsults get in more thank ideas. we only to the the country. we have an obligation to give a clear choice to talk about solutions. that is why i have been giving speeches. that is why i have been communicating a vision for what our party can be. can be anwe
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optimistic party. belief inned by our the limitless possibility of our people. we want a party defined by solutions. by being on the side of the people. we want to apply our principles to the problems of the day, embrace free enterprise, and reject cronyism. by solutions to those stuck fighting poverty. military.nd focused a health care system that promotes choice and flexibility. a secure border. a government that allows people to fulfill their america idea. this great idea that the condition of your birth is not determined the outcome of your life. that is the agenda we're building right now. this job provides a platform of a conservative vision for our
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country. i am intent on using this platform not for me but for my that believeues conservatives and holds the keys to a competent america. i am in a position to play that role, to prepare for the fall campaign with the nominees. we can earn the mandate he needed to do things right, to fix our problems and get our country back on track. inc. you. saidlot of people [indiscernible] what do you say to people that are skeptical of you? paul ryan: apple and oranges. speaker of the house is a far cry from president of the united states. i am already a congressman. was asked to take a
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responsibility with in congress that i have party then serving in. that is entirely different than getting the nomination from president from your party without running or the job. it is a non sequitur comparison. what happens if this goes to a second ballot? what happens if someone from the floor put your name in? paul ryan: i will not allow my name and. i am opposed. committee will decide what the rules are. i would encourage the delegate to put in place a rule that says you can only nominate for someone that ran for the job. only the three candidates remaining? leaveyan: i will it up to the delegate. if you want to be president, you should run for president.
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when we select a nominee, we should be selected so when who actually ran for the job. i will leave it at that. thank you very much. i appreciate it. he had a couple of meals and a steam shovel. to beone of the ironies so rapidly antigovernment and over your entire torch and to the -- fortune to the government. >> sally denton talks about her book that takes a critical look at one of the largest engineering and construction companies in the world. who else is the u.s. government going to get to build these projects throughout the world? to the eventr it but it is the american taxpayers paying for it.
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access tod have some about the contracts, the amount of money, the welfare safety. the political relationship. >> members hear from the comptroller and representatives from the pentagon and centers for medicare services. we have live coverage at 10:00 a.m. eastern on c-span3. bono and it tony blanck and were among the witnesses at the senate appropriations on
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preventing violent extremism. this is about two hours and 20 minutes.
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bono: this is what it feels like
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to be chopped liver. the subcommittee will come to order. the hearing today is on the causes and consequences of violent extremism and the role of foreign assistance. i would like to welcome our distinguished panel of witnesses. bono, general, james jones, former national and present ofr the jones group international. this was a good day for photographers. i hope you got a good shot. i just got back from my thirtysomething trip to the region.
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i had the pleasure of being in turkey with bono in egypt. each person is tasked with trying to warm congress in -- inform congress that you either pay now or later. we cannot ignore this. the goal is for people to stay at home and not go to europe. the reality is the average refugee has been displaced for 17 years. in turkey we met people in a preschoolers that were four years old. most were born in the camp. i cannot tell them when they would get to go home. if the war in syria ended tomorrow, it would be a night here to reconcile syria, but i hope that day is coming. the idea of humanitarian assistance is necessary because withoutthese people are
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food, water, and shelter. it is in our national security interests to get ahead of this problem before a turns into the jihadist army of the future. humanitarian aid has to be looked at in terms of reality. there is an op-ed piece by on oh today in the new york times that i would recommend you read it. it talks about the dilemma of assistance. most of these kids and their parents are not going back home anytime soon. skills that should they possess to make them viable human beings in the country they will live for a while? if they do go back to their home, what do they bring back? that aay that goes by kid is not educated in one of these camps, they are in the cities of the country they had been displaced to, the government of turkey has been
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generous making payments, free health care. in lebanon, there are more syrian refugee children in primary schools the lebanese children. to think there is no solution, that is just wrong. two think it is easy is just crazy. here is the deal. to work to put together an emergency relief package. if you do not think this is an emergency, i welcome the debate. of the federal budget. awaynot want to take money from malaria. i do not want to take money away from the peace corps.
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awayot going to take money from embassy security. what do we do? we have an emergency on our hands and we have to come up with a long-term strategy. it has to be world and not united date driven. 's adjustedd is, bono now is the time to think big. i could not agree more. that radicalized populations were turned around. germany and japan were radicalized populations. the effort we have stable democracies that our allies. the difference is the war is still going on and we do not have an occupation force. radical islam is spreading it means all over the mid east and throughout africa. ,he question for this committee the country, and world is how do you destroy radical islamic and other radical
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ideologies. general jones will talk about the limitations in military power. mr. bono will tell us about the possibilities of the private sector joining with the government. to give people hope that have known now. i am a hawkish fellow but i learned a long time ago that you are not going to win this war by killing terrorists. the biggest threat to radical ideology is a small schoolhouse educating a poor young girl. that will do more damage to the extremists than any bombing can drop on their head. we have schoolhouses here at home that are in disrepair. we have domestic needs and $19 trillion in debt and county. i am sorry the world is not more convenient in terms of needs that here at home. i do not ignore people in south carolina when i say we need to spend some money over there. end thisople either we
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over there are they are coming here. 9/11 is becoming a distant memory but not for me. the money this country's hands on the money site after the monedy-- spend on the site after the attack is about a trillion dollars. we can argue about how these things the money but we are where we are. i am not here to argue about syrian policy. i'm here to find a way to go soft power to supplement a military strategy. you can do just as much good as any battalion of soldiers. without your assistance on the around trying to give people hope, nothing will ever change. to take land from the enemy is one thing. to hold it is another.
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for a fraction of what we spend in the past, if we do it wisely, i think we can turn this around before it is too late. if we do nothing i know exactly what is going to happen. toe of our friends are going fall. if the people in these camps are going to be our enemies. you have two choices when it comes to these young people. get involved in their lives now or fight than later. i choose to get involved in their lives now and let them do the fighting later. without their help, we will never win this war. i want to thank each member of the panel for coming and sharing with us your vision of how to move forward to the subcommittee . i think we have a great opportunity with a modest amounts of money to make a huge difference. i intend to do that but i cannot do it without your b
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sesenator. >> appreciate the fact you are holding this hearing and i appreciate the witnesses each bring a unique perspective on the challenges. i want tas introduced to bono who says there are millions of people who will never know your name, can never purchase your music or go to one of your shows. all they know is there life is better because of the work you have done. you have not stopped since that time. on povertyttention in africa. the ways we can dramatically improve the lives of millions of people.
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share your children strongly in your great commitment. general jones is one of the most distinguished public servants i know. i have known him since way back -- i think he was a major. long before he was a four-star, commandant, head of nato. andas this long distinguished career. i have also heard general jones say so many times that there is no substitute for diplomacy and development. the general has been concerned about africa and where we are long, long before this hearing. general, i admire you for that.
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clementsmmissioner has worked on refugee issues at the state department, the united nations for i think over 25 years if i'm correct. every time we have had her here. you've been involved and i appreciate it. then, i could take a list of 40 issues. involved blinken is in every one of the 40. he has been helpful to those of us here. know it has been helpful to them. we look at the horrific crimes committed by groups like isil and boko haram. now, we can -- as chairman, you have said, limit the territory of control of these organizations with use of force.
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not destroy the ideas with bullets and bombs. i think the foreign aid program can substitute in the middle east and africa which must promote stability. the fundamental freedoms. if they do not, they don't have a counterterroris to terrorist recruitment and it is often lacking. we support a wide range of programs. they include economic and social development and so on. just spending more money is not going to do it. we have to do better. the underlying causes. i want to hear from everybody here. the federalten by admiral -- we were talking about that earlier. the appropriations committee and
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signed with my colleagues, including majority leaders. also do this on the beor but i would ask that it made part of the record. >> no objection. >> they talk about the development and diplomacy. how we need that to be used to combat terrorism. mentioned these things because you have a republican and a democrat from different political backgrounds. we have worked together on these issues for years and years. i was almost going to say way back when i had hair but you were not born yet. [laughter] >> i'm catching up. >> the thing is we will try to
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do it. >> thank you very much, senator. general jones. to do, canes to what you tell us why you support this ,dea of economic assistance for a foreign assistance from a military point of view? gen. jones: thank you, members of the committee, senator leahy. i commend your leadership on the matter of grave importance to our interests and the future of the human enterprise. i'm very honored to be here with our fellow witnesses who have devoted much of their lies to the cause of human development, peace and stability. secretary blinken go back to the days of the senate foreign relations committee and of to recognize the tremendous work he is doing at the state department. from personal observation, there
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is no passionate or informed or effective advocate for development than bono. livesns live better because of the work and many efforts of this committee and i thank you for that. i congratulate you, bono. you have my full statement, mr. chairman, and i will summarize very briefly. during my active duty service, our national security was designed against the struggle of communism and the soviet threat. security was expressed in the calculus of weapons cap and nuclear threats. today's threats are more diverse and complex than we faced back in the 20th century. they include the likes of countless terrorist and criminal enterprises, states that is triggering massive refugee flows, natural resource threats and those of hate and
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intolerance. these challenges are synergistic and extreme, yet are the opportunities greeted by ms. it many positive trends. if our future is to be defined by your opportunities rather than threats, it demands far deeper conception and understanding of national and international security. one less reliant on reactions and far more focused on anticipation and even prevention. one that centers on disarming the root causes of major multipliers of conflict and instability and one that is much less costly than what we practice today. theomes into sharp focus premier strategic threat to global security and our own. not any single country, ideology or weapon, the unsatisfied demands for life basics
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including food, energy, water, dignity and a better future. the purposeand it, of this hearing is to examine the positives and consequences of extremism. for many leaders and their theytes, it is born of selfish lust for power. others find their attraction a depraved quest for belonging. the simple motivation is sustenance, fear and coworkers ercion. what is clear is that extremists bank on leveraging human wants and desperation for their own purposes. they seek to exploit human misery in the pursuit of scale. increasing with sophisticated weaponry, violent extremism and a greater threat to global stability and prosperity including around. our own. i have long felt the united states and developed nations
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have a moral obligation and self-interest to end the blago isis, boko haram and their ilk. defeating this thread has a military element. defeating radicalism strategically needs a broader set and that is where we and our allies play the most crucial role. u.s. foreign assistance has produced great achievement over the last century to alleviate poverty, global health and responding to emergencies. the return on investment in global incidents is enormous. the key now is investing our resources more wisely to leverage the full spectrum of u.s. and allied capabilities to defeat violent extremism. the conditions that give it oxygen in the most vulnerable populations. it seems to me we must realign our strategy to face today's threats the same way we
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recalibrate to defeat the isms of the last century with major overhaul since 1947. and the 1986 legislation. we need global development of the counter extremism campaign that is passionate and resourced as any fight we have taken on in our history. designed and resourced as if the future depends on it because it does. i would submit it with four principles. it must recognize stability in the 21st century is a complex ecosystem. development and good governance rooted in the rule of law. our for an engagement an assistant program should be synthesized and cultivated with efficiency in concert. must integrate the public and private sector. no amount of assistance can substitute for the power of
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economic growth and employment which is fueled by private sector investment. three, it must recognize the threat posed by lack of education, food and energy to stability. lack of access to these resources is a major driver of ty and conflict. that measns we must be promoting life stewardship required to sustain human well-being. four, the campaign must engage the whole of the u.s. interagency, the whole of our alliances to deliver security development and governance assistance that changes people's lives. in as an scum of these are the essence, these are the pillars. they will defeat radicalism, maintain u.s. influence in the needy world and ensure the triumph of our principles, interests and values. in this century, as it was in
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the last, shipping a world of peace and prosperity will require american leadership at its best. and it, we can, we must believe we will rise to the extreme challenges and opportunities in this young century. with your approval, i would like to submit three documents for the committees incineration. 's consideration. one is modernizing global engagement. the second is the ngo initiative on the topic. the third is a recent speech i gave on water security. please except my deepest appreciation's to the committee and my witnesses to your devotion for american leadership in global security development and security. it is a cause for the ages. thank you. >> thank you, general. i will recognize the senator. thank you for coming. mr. blinken.
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blinken: mr. chairman, a s a musician, i can only dream of opening for bono. thank you for making that dream come true. [laughter] i will take it. thank you more seriously for having us here today. about like to focus our remarks a but like to focus our i would like to focus my attention on extremism. our ambassador convened leaders and activists from across the city looking to try to bring people closer together in the wake of the attack. one of them was in its ordinary woman. an extraordinary woman. and mother of five and a son. he was part of the first paratrooper regiment. there, he was murdered alongside
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three brothers in arms, three children and a rabbi by radicalized 23-year-old. soon after that, his mother traveled and talked to those who knew the son's murderer. later, someone who racked up 15 charges for petty crimes and spent a year in jail. she started the using youth association to promote interfaith dialogue and help family steer their families away from violence. latifah's story shows our greater to find understanding in the midst of unimaginable tragedy, her son's death reminds us of the complexity of extremism in the modern world. it hardens our resolved to defeated. the u.s. has united countries around the world to defeat
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terrorist groups and individuals who threaten our security starting with daesh, al qaeda, boko haram and others. our strategies are making significant progress that was in my statement. even as we advance our efforts to defeat daesh on the front lines, we must work to prevent the violent extremism in the first place to stop recruitment, radicalization and the mobilization of people, especially young people to engage in violence and terrorist activities. since president obama hosted the white house summit on countering extremism over a year ago, the department of state has stepped up in what is a growing international movement towards diplomatic engagement and foreign assistance. we have notified congress of our intent to empower and retool the counterterrorism extremism and try to lead this effort. the bureau will promote a more strategic approach to combating it and other partnerships and
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engagements. president requested we build upon and expand our current efforts. million towards countering violent extremism which includes money as a portion of the overall counterterrorism fund. the press includes $21.5 million for the no global engagement narrative. we have invested in innovative programs to make communities more resilient against extremism. these resources would enable us to expand partnerships with national and local governments, civil society, community leaders, private sector and countries to address the drivers of violent extremism which i have to address when we get the questions. these resources allow to implement effectively the first-ever joint u.s. a i.d usaid strategy governed five priorities.ibv
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ample a five voices that show the voice of violent extremism. second, increase support for innovative, regional, country based and research on the drivers of violent extremism and on effective responses. third, work closely with our partners at national and local levels around the world to actually adopt more effective policies to prevent the spread of extremism. partnershipsgthen to address the underlying political, social and economic factors that put communities at risk in the first place. fifth and finally, strengthen the capabilities of our partners to prevent radicalization to making surepecially that former fighters are reintegrated into society wherever possible. at the heart of our strategy, a commitment to the principles that have underwritten and him president era of peace and
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prosperity since world war ii. -- dignity law and human rights. it extends to those that flee violence around the world. when it comes to resettlement and the crisis generally, the first priority is to safeguard the american people. at the same time, we must and we will continue to provide refuge to the vulnerable which has been the bedrock of our country. over the last several months, we have heard divisive and hateful rhetoric in all corners of the world that has conflated refugees with violent extremists . the ultimate success in the fight against violent extremism will be determined by your ability to hold fast to the very values hate -- capacity for wisdom, compassion. returned to paris a month ago and i met with the same group after the charlie hebdo of tax.
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attacks. becausewas not there secretary kerry was honoring her. many of you in this room have been vital leaders encountering including appropriations. your leadership proves that a violent extremists are precipitating exactly what they hope to destroy. a world bound together in defense of dignity, justice and peace. thank you very much. >> bono. bono: right. thank you, mr. chairman. , senator leahy, members of the subcommittee. my name is bono. i'm a cofounder of the one campaign and i will jump right into it because i've been told not to filibuster. invented the
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filibuster so i will read this. i just returned from africa and the middle east where was lucky to join senator graham. i visited kenya, jordan and in turkey and egypt. this revealed one fact and two fictions. cannot bes that aid seen as charity. i think we can afford it. if there is one thing i would like you to take away from this 2016mony it is that aid in is not charity. it is national security. when it is structured properly, fighting corruption and improving governance to qualify for the aid, if you be the best work we have against violent extremism and gaining traction. revealed to mes were number one, this refugee
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problem is temporary. years.lasted for 25 permanenthe term temporary solutions thrown around with the irony in that phrase. the second fiction is it is simply a middle eastern problem. refugees are flowing from all over the world, especially africa. the top 10 countries that are hosting refugees today, five of them. are african are african. in europe, the problem has moved from practical to existential. world divided came down. who could imagine in 2016 another set of walls have been built up? this time made of mesh and razor wire but walls nevertheless. members of the subcommittee, you me soberly suggested
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the integration of europe, the very idea of european unity is at risk here. europe is america's most important ally since the second world war. are we not your most important ally in the fight against violent extremism? should it really matter to you, i know it does. put simply, as we europeans have learned, if the middle east catches fire, the flames jumped. if africa fails, europe cannot succeed. it is not rocket science. here are the numbers -- by 2050, the african population will double. twice as much as china. mesonally, it excites because i have a sense of who they are and want to be. of the one campaign, 7 million members, 3 million are african. it gives the sense of potential
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and growth that can roar. we fear of the young people of africa are misled and marginalized, their anger will not be channeled to hope but to hate. we fast track our friendship or we invite enemies. i know you in this room believe deeply that freedom is more powerful than fear, that hope is more contagious than eight. hate. i know you will agree when sometimes they need help. to defeat that ideas, you need better ideas. the good news is we have them. ideas on howeat humanitarian support can be done better and provide jobs and hope. they witness how the mood changes with a classroom built for kids. they see the despair in the face of skilled workers not allowed access to the labor market. the international community,
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though it means well, is having a lot of meetings about the crisis and i believe issuing a record number of press releases. what it is not doing is cutting checks. as of last month, as you are about to hear, the humanitarian response plan for 2016 has only received 90% of the funding they require for your -- 9%. they require. no predictability which makes it impossible for these agencies to plan which is madness. absolute madness. another idea that i heard that might be of series interest to this committee -- of serious interest to this committee is prioritizing the support of countries that are not yet in crisis. i know this sounds counterintuitive, for the people i met, especially in the
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military, told us it is critical that these countries not only survive but they thrive. ripped if the chaos that through syria were to engulf egypt or god for bid nigeria. these are gigantic countries. that areow that people running from war would risk the most treacherous journeys. they tie themselves to floating tin cans on the mediterranean sea for the promise of a better life. when you think of in exodus, you realize we have -- we better have some big ideas to make the challenge and we do. i'm really encouraged to sit here and hear them come from a bipartisan committee. they need aid, but commerce is urgent. new trade agreements are critical. concessions are essential. the role bank are being
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innovative here. so is gayle smith. you should be proud of these people. anticorruption campaigns in her own office around the corner at the one campaign will tell you that the reforms necessary to qualify for the loans can be as important as the loan itself. the african development bank has been in front on this stuff. the president understands corruption kills more people than it aids malaria combined. you have to be part of this package. in fact, he was also one of the first leaders to call for a a modern marshall plan. what does that mean? the marshall plan was the first on the world witnessed development and security on a grand scale. the marshall plan was an idea big enough to meet the moment in history and an idea as big as
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the sacrifice americans made in the fight for freedom. an idea that showed america not only when the war but have peace as lindsey graham reminds us. an idea big enough to change the world. an idea like the idea of america itself. the peaceful europe that are gratefully grew up in that is so under threat right now was born under the marshall plan. history's greatest example of generosity has national security which is what i'm talking about today. i am not alone. trade and develop it and security -- that is what jim jones is talking about today. senator graham, he spoke to the washington post yesterday. the same thing. the finance minister of germany, not known for his wild announcements has invoked this. king abdullah of jordan, the same. king abdullah is worth thinking about because he is a military
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man. militarynd i'm sure leaders know the cost of failure bornell ultimately be by them by the men and women they lead into battle. this is a new century. these are new threats. this is politically very hard. i hope i understand the challenges, the pressures you face as leaders, but in truth, i probably don't. i will tell you what i do understand. i understand america is not ready to give up on its greatness. i am not either. that is what got america to move and brought mankind back to earth. hiv-aids. there were members on the subcommittee who refused to except aids was a problem that could not be solved. since 2002, we now have nearly 90 million people who will their
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lives so the u.s. taxpayer. if you are a u.s. taxpayer, you are an aids activist. think about that. i'm here today to testify to the united states senate that i have seen the impossible made possible right here in these halls. we need that leadership again in this moment of great jeopardy. it is to you are. it is your essence and you're calling. when you serve history, you serve the people of america. with a bright history, we live it. thank you very much. >> mr. chairman, ranking member, members of the subcommittee. on behalf of the high commissioner and the u.n. refugee agency, i appear before you to speak on the global refugee crisis, especially to bat clean up for four heroes. on a personal note, it is a
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thrill to testify today with bono who has pushed leaders to act and whose early music shaped my high school years. mr. chairman, you have my full statement for the record. as this subcommittee is well aware, attention to refugees has perhaps never been greater. yet, displacement is nothing new and has been growing in recent years. of the 60 million uprooted people, some 20 million have been refugees. the remaining 40 million people are primarily those displaced within their own borders. formed a single country, it would be the world's 24th largest. last year, 42,000 people fled their homes every single day. at the same time, the number of refugees who were able to return home what at -- was at its lowest level in three decades.
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new conflicts emerge and the existing ones drag on with no solution. the human and financial resources of unhcr are stretched like never before in order to respond to the crises while continuing to adequately extend to those displaced. it is also important to note and clarify that while refugee camps are a favored visual image for the media, most refugees are not in camps. rather, 63% of refugees globally and 90% do not live in camps. they live in towns and villages. chairman, the humanitarian system at large is faced with a critical humanitarian and financial dilemma. the funds available for administering aid are not keeping up with the rapidly expanding need. we continue to make a very difficult choices. our programs in africa, for example, are breaking point with only 35% of needs being met last
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year. beyond the funding challenges, we are witnessing today and am present in the attack on the ability of uprooted individuals and families to find protection. in some cases, particularly in industrialized countries, this attack takes the form of policies that prevent or discourage accessing protection. in other cases, we see closure of borders making it nearly impossible for persons fleeing persecution and violence to find safety in neighboring countries. i was in serbia last month and went to macedonia when it was closed, essentially ending the balkans, leaving thousands trapped in countries and clear of their futures. preceding world war ii have we seen the rejection of refugees. it is essential to have nondiscriminatory access to protection while taking legitimate states to ensure their own security, country
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should not slam the border shut to those who are themselves the victims of violence, persecution and often terrorism. and who have no other means of finding safety. as recent events have shown, such efforts can have the unintended consequence of supporting the business of smugglers and human traffickers. in contrast, efforts to what and if i quickly those persons were in need of national protection to address their needs are not only in line with international law, but also with the finest of humanitarian traditions. this approach recognizes that effective counterterrorism measures and the production of human rights are complementary and reinforcing goals. we look to the united states to uphold its long-standing leadership role in record you production, consistent with the ideals in which this country was founded by continuing its example of welcoming those were amongst the most persecuted and most vulnerable in the world today. amongst these challenges there is hope.
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this week in washington, we will support efforts by the world bank and other partners to increase develop an assistant and resources for countries that are hosting large numbers of refugees and in many cases are geographically on the front lines of security. last week, gathering of donors of agencies agreed to a series of steps to support countries hosting large numbers of refugees, including the development of innovative instruments. another effort is the u.n. high-level panel on humanitarian financing to agree on implementable actions of what we call that grand bargain to improve the way humanitarian aid mobilize and delivers multi-year plans. at the same time, we are working with governments and other partners to find new and creative avenues for refugees to find temporary and permanent legal protection. we call on governments to export various ways for refugees to move legally and access the plunder without putting themselves in harms way. as i conclude my statement today, i leave you with three
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main messages. tost, the original responses displacement including humanitarian aid and resettlement needs to be reinforced and cop limits with vigorous and creative alternatives that can be pursued now. in the absence of political solutions, we need robust humanitarian and developing responses, particularly in refugee countries that are buckling under the strain. second, the current attacks on the refugee protection system fueled in part by the unjustified link between refugees and terrorists often fail to recognize that refugees are the victims and not the perpetrators of violence and extremism. national security goals are in no way at all to with refugee protection and we stand ready to help governments develop protections. finally, u.s. leadership -- it is critical to maintain a global refugee protection. americans care deeply about refugees and the u.s. government
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translates its compassion into strong diplomatic, moral and financial engagement that enables humanitarian communities to care for millions of uprooted people in need. mr. chairman and members of the subcommittee, i will end with a thought from the many passionate team members working on the frontlines of the military in response on the islands of greece. she was commenting on a refugee who perished fleeing to europe and her sentiments reinforced the need for action. escaped, "she bombs, carried mountains and yet died at europe speak. let us carry her along the way. thek you for holding interest in tackling these issues and we stand ready to assist in any way possible. >> thank you all very much. i just returned from turkey. turkey is no longer taking refugees from syria. are you aware of that? >> yes, sir.
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>> mr. blinken, is jordan taking refugees from syria? mr. blinken: very few. >> what about lebanon? they have made it difficult for people to go and. in. >> the people of syria are trapped. general jones, what will happen inside of syria with this dynamic militarily? people trapped with no place to go.for gen. jones: i don't have the crystal ball on that, but i would say nothing good is going to happen. i think the humanitarian catastrophe that the syrian situation is is one of the great unanswered questions in terms of a solution of our time. with the united states providing the leadership,
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i think, have to do a lot more to solve this problem. sen. graham: is it fair to say jordan cannot take any more refugees? >> the burden on jordan, lebanon and turkey is extraordinary. if you equate it to the united states, you look at lebanon -- summer between a quarter and a third of the population is now a syrian refugee. that is if we took 50 million people in the space of a few years. the burden on their systems, infrastructure, on their economies is as you have seen dramatic. the challenge for us is to devise ways to help them in effect help refugees because the two problems we have are that we are in effect pursuing the mediterranean emergency solutions for the refugee crisis on the one hand and an element on the other. these two things need to come together because as you said and others -- others have said, these countries will face this for a long time. we have defined ways to create a
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win-win solution. the host communities have the relevant along with the refugees. that is where we need to put our focus. bono, the whole martial concept is the deal with the reality. people are in jordan and turkey. many of them will be there for a long time. the whole approaches the leverage better outcomes and not tel help people with food and clothing and make the reality. what did you learn on this trip? what was the takeaway for you? singers should understand microphones. i think the egypt piece really disturbed me because i just saw the scale of this country and it is vast, extraordinary country.
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you can feel trouble brewing. mechanisms that were put into place. on islamists and jihadi's, anyone that criticize human rights people. christians, ngos, a number of people disappearing. you can see it is almost a mechanism going on its own momentum. that worried me. it was a wave of my favorite -- how you would turn people back. i noticed that the president was very concerned about the economy. he should be because it is on a slide. is the way that we can make trade agreements and things like that conditional on reform and human rights?
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things like that that would help him turn his country back from the precipice which we need him to do. graham: the one thing we are not talking about is writing a check and walking away. if you do a you can do a better deal. a needs to be something that counters extremism. if you do b, you can get loans at a lower rate. that is the whole concept. we arent the panel -- not just throwing money at the problem, we are trying to get better outcomes using some resources. is that the whole theory here? bono: i think it is. it is leverage. that you cannot underestimate the trade. you cannot underestimate the concessional loans and the effects of tackling corruption because as people have to reform to get those loans, they will do the paperwork of reforming.
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it is the only stick and carrot we have. sen. graham: what percentage of refugee assistance comes from taxpayers? >> about 35%. our budget was supported last year by that. sen. graham: you're asking us for more and you are asking other people for more. >> we are absolutely doing that. not only government. there are a number of traditional donors that have been very generous but also private sector. unfortunately, due to the crisis, i'm afraid we have almost raised $300 million from private sector supporters. that helps to fund critical, lifesaving, protections and the many partners we support in the face of a lot of lives. sen. graham: i'm sure the members know this year we will number forw the fy6
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international disaster assistance. 9% below the fy16 levels for migration assistance. we have got problems here at home, but these numbers are real. what would it mean to you with we enact these cuts? >> it would be quite -- nearly impossible for us to meet needs. it is difficult for us now. we were half funded last year. the united states does a tremendous amount to support. we need a lot more support because we have about $7 billion in requirement for 2016 alone. sen. graham: what if we were stored in the money with the condition other people have to match what we do? >> it is hard to place commissions, mr. chairman, on saving lives. we caution against conditions on humanitarian life-saving assistance. pushing governments and others to give more absolutely needs to be on the table. sen. graham: senator leahy.
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sen. leahy: thank you, mr. chairman. i referenced bono earlier, your op-ed piece. i read it and re-read it. the needs of syria and other refugees, countries in the middle east and north africa -- a country like jordan which is so heavily saturated with refugees and you wonder what this does in the long-term for any country. there is no question we need money. we can't seem to pass emergency funding to deal with zika. it is our own country. or do some of the things we need here. because i amt opposed to it. you know my record.
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these countries you have talked europe, julie act as though they are willing to spend more money at this point? >> yes. mobilizedpe has not the level it needs to but i think that is about to change. what i was pointed to and i don't think i could do it by just reading is to dramatize the situation. i am talking about an existential threat to europe with the likes of which we have not seen since the beginning of the 1940's. really and truly, we are seeing in hungary, poland -- this hyper nationalism, a localization, hyper localization in response to globalization, i guess. we are talking, the u.k. is voting on leaving europe.
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this is unthinkable step. uff. you should be very nervous in america about this. we see the leadership of chancellor merkel. i think she is an extraordinary leader on this crisis. you see, she faces criticism in her own party. the german people have shown the way here. they become the very heart of europe. that is brilliance. i think she deserves a peace prize or something. she is an extraordinary person. it is gathering momentum. i spoke with david cameron about gathering around stopping the refugee crisis and it is very difficult politically to take it more refugees. i think that is a mistake for the u.k.
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i think more countries needed taken more refugees. i will be backed up on it. >> i would hope there is a realization in those countries that millions of these refugees, no matter what happens, will never go back home. that is what you have -- i think we have to put more than money. we need to work with these countries to help them absorb refugees that are there and make a life worth living. going to bes are absorbed. invest going to have to in the economies, the institutions -- educational, everything else. bono: you don't want this to spread. that is why i think we are gathered here -- it is so complex to trty and solve
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syria's problems. we need to get them financed. i'm asking this committee -- what would we be asking you to finance if this spreads? if this chaos that is going along the region -- you know, i understand a bit about it. you see this phenomenon. three extremes. extreme ideology, extreme poverty and extreme climate, you could call it. it is a geological phenomenon. in fact, it goes all the way to afghanistan. if you want to look at it as a geological phenomenon. those three extremes make one unholy trinity of an enemy. our foreign policy needs to face in that direction. i note senator kerry is, but it is bigger than you think. we can sit here and talk about
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getting cuts and where we are going to pay for it. god knows i'm in awe of you lawmakers. i have worked with so many of you on making the impossible possible. i don't know how you do it. if you don't do it now, it is going to cost a lot more later. sen. leahy: you have to do with the people that are there. you talked about egypt. linken, dobn you think your leadership -- the president -- they will politicalrelease prisoners? some -- nobody even knows where they are. is that going to change? we can add more money. is that going to change in any way? mr. blinken: it is a huge
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challenge. acute secured problems, including in the sinai, terrorism. they are real. on the other hand, what we know very well is in the absence of creating space in their society, people expressed their views to associate freely and to come sowther, they are going to the seeds of long-term instability. if it works in the short run, it is not likely to work in the long run. they have to come to the realization that creating space and opening up is the best path to dealing in a sustainable way with the challenges they face. we are working on that. we deeply engaged in trying to move in that direction but i have to tell you we are deeply concerned with the direction egypt is taking closing down that space. putting people in jail for accessing their views. civil society being cracked down upon come including many of the
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partners we have in trying to implement some of the programs. questions. more i'm agree with what you are saying but i am worried. so many times it has led to greater extremism which creates more problems. thank you for being here. thank you, mr. chairman. we will work together on this. sen. graham: i heard you have to go. >> is that ok? thank you very much, mr. chairman. it is like an intelligence committee. it is exactly in the region we are talking about. i want to thank you for hosting or organizing this hearing. to all the men and women at this table who devoted your lives to making the world a better place. it is really important that you
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help this in the month of april. it was in april 2014 that 200 girls in nigeria going to school were kidnapped by boko haram. those girls have never been found. many of them are probably dead and some probably wish they were dead. when i look at what we are talking about here, i am looking at the impact of women and children, particularly children. according to you, commissioner clements, women and children continue to comprise 80% of the uprooted. more than half being children. uprooted. what an incredible, incredible world. you see what is happening to children around the world. not only in the region we have discussed today, but i believe children around the world will constitute a tremendous threat
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in the future unless we show them humanity, compassion and a way forward. right now, a little girl was shot because she wanted to go to school and read. she continues to talk about one book, one teacher, one kid. girls are being recruited into slavery. boys are being recruited as child soldiers and into gangs. they are moving not only in africa but in central america. the gangs, the murder rates. unless we focus on the children, i believe we are going to ride it into the future. you said, mr. blinken, the perception of discrimination. we all said who helped us or who helped their mother and father. we also remember who did not help us and did not help our mother and father.
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let me tell you where i am getting because it is central america. how are we going to focus on this because i would say right now the children of the world feel they are hated, that they are rejected, that they are pushed aside. the mothers and fathers are either being deported or the agony of their father the bride the way to get into europe. the desperation of the mother trying to find it for them. what are they going to think about? great?don't want to go for democratic printable's inciples? we are sowing the seeds of hate. what can we do to help? baltimore saym we have to advance the money before we get reimbursed.
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u.n. buten goes to the it often trickles down. we are talking about money being used smartly. number one, but we going to focus on the children? of we going to get money out to the ngo's who are truly the ones there? the money in donor countries they are? >> thank you, senator. we are at risk of creating a lost generation of children. we know what that means. first, it means of at least they will not have the skills and knowledge they need to become productive members of society. either where they are refugees or if they can come home. the best case scenario, we know absent those skills, absent having an education, they are much likely to become prey to
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crime, early marriage, sexual exportation and terrorism. what can we do about it? just focusing on the syrian crisis. this is a global crisis. focusing on syria, i would think about it in terms of circles. what can we do inside itself better taking away the drivers? the number one driver is violence. ending the civil war is job number one. the secretary is working on that eight days a week. hostilities, that, sustaining that, working on getting more humanitarian assistance -- that takes away some of the drivers. >> don't do that. the circles and so on. we end up going around in circles. that is the big picture. that's good to what i asked. right now, there are children either trying to get across the
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a life vest on. to a have a lifeline? what are you going to do to get the aid out while we are working on these bigger solutions? >> the reason i mentioned circles is if you get to the countries of first asylum -- turkey, lebanon and jordan. we know what is pushing people to make that journey. to put themselves on the high seas. it is not violence because it is gone. -- a to thtwo things lack of access to employment and jobs for the parents. a big focus is working with those countries in particular to open up both access to schools and access to jobs. we are working very closely on that. it is partly a question of resources and the contacts we are talking about. on the jobs front, it is hard to
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say i will give a job to a syrian refugee even know you don't have one. we are working with innovative solutions to do that. the europeans are looking to create better access to the market for products produced were refugees are employed. we're pushing these countries to give jobs to people in specific sectors where they are not competing with the local citizens. on the education front, we have been doubling and tripling our efforts. one, we have been building schools so there is capacity to actually educate these kids along the locals. we have been working to support government and triple shifts for teachers to educate kids in the evening even as they educate local children during the day. we are working on things in the informal education sphere so while people are not yet in a formal program, they can work and get accredited. our government is working to get accreditation for informal learning. we are doing this in partnership with unicef and other
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organizations. >> my time is up. >> very briefly -- >> absolutely. >> senator, on your question related to the education in particular. just a note -- we talked in the last round of questions about money. it is not just about money. and it is about policy changes we need in government to make it possible for refugees to work, naked for freedom -- make it possible for freedom of movement and kids to go to school. even the ability for ngos and international organizations to provide assistance for education. you put your finger on it. on the issues related to central america, it is a great concern to us, too. we see a looming refugee crisis on the horizon with regard to unaccompanied children, women on the run. these are issues of great
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concern. in terms of our ability to be able to support, we think we need a regional approach in terms of sharing responsibility. we need to increase reception capacity. we need to increase direct assistance to people very much in need. we will also need the cooperation of those governments to help us do that. thank you. sen. boozman:? in your testimony, you talk about the importance of public-private partnerships to advance priorities. this is something many of us have extensively raised, not just for the resources, but for the logistical and technical expertise the private sector brings. i think the u.s. government has gotten better at creating these particularly small businesses. --can be incredible
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incredibly difficult to partner with the government. having her concerns? you canrecommendations offer to streamline the partnership process? >> thank you, senator. i think the american private one of the most admired around the world and one has had tothat develop itself on its own. i think the time is here for increased public and private sector partnership. as an instrument of our foreign policy almost. i still do a fair amount of traveling around the world. particularlysked in developing countries, where are the americans? we have the chinese here, but where are the american companies? many times, the answer is we cannot operate here because of corruption and so on and so
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forth. i really believe there are three -- pillars to our 21st century engagement. one is security. organizations like nato could do a lot more than they are doing, although i give them credit for their presence in afghanistan. participated in operation provide comfort in northern iraq, which was a refugee operation, a humanitarian operation rescuing almost one million kurds from a human stampede caused by saddam hussein. from that came the region we now call kurdistan. but it was security. followedstered by -- by economic development and international organizations rule of law. those three things it seems to me are important. youhe refugee problem, if think the middle east is interesting now and a challenge,
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you have the entire african continent that is ready to explode one way or the other. there will be 60 national elections in africa this year. most polls show young africans are not looking to stay in africa. they want to go somewhere else because they don't believe they have any future. that should motivate our european friends to join with us in this partnership. lastly, i would like to make a point that there is an established, growing nexus between organized crime and terrorism. organized crime and terrorism have figured out ways to cooperate together. you have an extreme rise in illegal drugs, illegal traffic, illegal cigarettes, illegal people traffic in arms. there is an unholy alliance there that provides funding for much of the terrorist challenges we face today. to answer your question, i do think a closer
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working relationship on the foreign policy level between the public and private sector can show the power of the american economic engine and stimulate recovery and avoid future conflict in many of these countries. >> in mentioned the presence -- you mentioned the presence of china in africa. bono mentioned it earlier when he was speaking. talk to us about that. you had a good article in the atlantic council's task ahead. talk about their motives, if that is good for governance, all those things. the chinese up up until 1990, the united states was the number one trading nation on the african continent. we surrendered that around the closing years of the last century to china. easy in manyt very
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countries. they show up with not only a lot of money, but they show up with their own workforce. it actually has had an effect i africa that is beginning to donald some of dawn on someies -- of these countries that when the chinese engage in big projects, they do them but they do them with their own colonies of workers. for example in nigeria, they tied up a prison ship full of chinese prisoners to work on projects in algeria. way andican international way, the european american way, and american companies do this regularly and africa, don't get much credit for it but the countries do. in addition to working in the region, they do things that are helpful.
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electrifying villages, building roads, providing schools. there's many examples of individual american companies on the continent of africa doing great things. n.g.o.'s,with sometimes not. that mostly apart from our government. what i would like to see is a closer -- i would like to see the united states get credit for that. these are american companies doing good things. but in order to do that, we need the secretary of commerce who has done great work, and i admire her greatly. but we need more of that connection around the national security counsel table to figure out how we do that. we did the marshall plan wants. it would be very hard to do today. but something like that has to happen. it has to happen not only on a national scale, but an international scale. are noturopeans
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concerned about solving the syrian refugee problem, there is another tsunami of refugees coming behind it if we don't prevent it. >> bono, i want to thank you. one of the great problems we have is there are lots of people throughout the world, but there is not much constituency for them. lots of people verbalize this and that. but as far as the constituency, we have that problem in our country. we are tremendously benevolent and are certainly doing our share, but i am always impressed with your young people that come from arkansas or where ever i visit with them. they are knowledgeable. they are passionate just like you are, and it really does make a difference. that is a big deal, so thank you very much. bono: yeah, thank you. i am stunned as well. people say america is ready to close in on itself. but america becomes america when it looks outward. when you are a continent behaving like an island, you are
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not america. it is just not who you are. i think waking up across the nation in these cantankerous times politically, there's people who think this is one thing we can agree on. that is why i am proud of the one campaign. one of the reasons i got interested in this refugee crisis is because all of the great work being done by a lot of people on this committee, a lot of people in america in the fight against extreme poverty over the last 10 years could be undone. we worked together on debt leahylation with senator and lindsey graham. i got to know senator purdue. we were traveling around. i'm thinking, who is the republican and who is the democrat? of course, they are talking on other subjects, it is very easy to find that. but on this stuff, this is the
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one thing you agree on. it brings out the best in you. i am sure of that. let's thank you, mr. chairman. thank you all very much for being here today and testifying. i certainly agree with all of the comments about the importance of aid. it is about our security and the impact of what is happening in europe impacting us in the united states because we do have transatlantic alliance that has been critical to world order. we had a hearing this morning in the foreign relations committee on isis and international terrorism. conclusions i jerked listening to the -- i drew listening to the testimony, and the witnesses generally agreed with it, is that we have been good in the united states when it comes to military efforts.

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