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tv   U.S. House of Representatives Legislative Business  CSPAN  May 26, 2016 9:00am-3:01pm EDT

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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.] the speaker: the house will be if order. the prayer will be offered by our chaplain, father conroy. haplain conroy: let us pray. all mighty and merciful god of the universe we give you thanks for giving us another day. we pray for the gift of wisdom
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to all with great responsibility in this house for the leadership of our nation. as the members disburst to their various districts and the nation prepares to celebrate memorial day, may we all retreat from the business of life to remember our citizen ancestors who served our nation in the armed services. grant that their sacrifice of self and so many of life would inspire all of america's citizens to step forward in whatever their path of life to make a positive contribution to the strength of our democracy. bless us this day and every day and may all that is done within these haloed halls be for your greater honor and glory, amen.
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the speaker: the chair has examined the journal of the last day's proceedings and announces to the house his approval thereof. pursuant to clause 1 of rule 1, the journal stands approved. for what purpose does the gentleman from illinois seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, pursuant to clause 1 of rule 1, i demand a vote on agreeing to the speaker's approval of the jurem. the speaker: the question is on agreag to the speaker's approval. journal. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the journal stands approved. mr. hultgren: mr. speaker, i object to the vote on the grounds that a quorum is not present and make a point of order a quorum is not present. the speaker: pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, if you recall preetings on this question are postponed. -- further proceedings on this question will be postponed. mr. hultgren: i pledge allegiance to the flag of the united states of america and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. the speaker: the chair will entertain up to five requests
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for one-minute speeches on each side of the aisle. for what purpose does the gentleman from illinois seek recognition? mr. hultgren: i seek unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend. the speaker: without objection. mr. hultgren: i rise today to celebrate the long and fruitful public service of a member of my staff, ruth, with degrees from aurora and northern illinois universities, she began her career as admissions counselor at aurora university. in 1990, she started her service to the u.s. house of representatives as a case worker in the office of congressman denis hastert. the case worker plays a central role in the congressional office as a primary advocate for constituents having challenges with the federal government, and ruth excelled at her job. for 26 years she worked tirelessly to help seniors who were having trouble obtaining their social security benefits or help veterans in search of medical care or military acknowledgement of their service. and she spear headed the annual congressional art competition to showcase the young talent in illinois. to many youth has been a strong ally navigating the intricate federal bureaucracy. i was thrilled that ruth joined
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my team when i first entered congress in 2011 and she's delivered professional and caring service to the 14th district residents. everyone who comes in contact with her is warmed by herselfless heart. in many ways she's irreplaceable and we'll grately miss her as she retires. ruth, it's time for you to join your family and the next adventures in your life. don't be a stranger. may god bless you in your retirement. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from massachusetts seek recognition? road, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. mcgovern: today i rise to honor officer tarantino who was tragically shot and killed in the line of duty this past weekend. he exemplified the courage and dedication at that defines our i credible men and women in blue. his neighborhoods and friends described him as a gentle
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giant, great guy, and always willing to help. he always kept an eye out for the 91-year-old widow living across the street. remembering officer tarantino this week, auburn police chief said he got along with everybody. he was somebody who was always smiling. he was an outstanding guy and we are going to miss him. mr. speaker, that's how he'll be remembered. in the days since this tragedy, it has been truly inspiring to see the auburn and surrounding communities come together to support his wife and three children. my heart goes out to them and i know that i am not alone in saying that officer tarantino will never be forgotten. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from indiana seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to recognize the local act of courage. earlier this week in my hometown of newburg, indiana, a
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car wreck at a local gas station quickly turned into a life or death situation. in what was described as a scene from an action movie, moonville native, scott, who was a bystander to the incident, bravely pulled the driver to safety before the car was consumed by flames, saving the driver's life. scott is a hero and example for us all. because of his selfless action, a family remains whole. that's what it means to be a hoosier, to come to the aid of your fellow citizen when they are in need. mr. speaker, it is important to highlight the positive things that happen daily in our country. regardless of what may be going on around us, events like this remind us what is really important in life. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> plat, south dakota, september 17, 2015, the cole
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wester house, 41. conner, 16. michael, 14. j.c., 9. kaley, 9. piketon, ohio, april 22, 2016. kenneth rhoden, 4. christopher, 40. gary rhoden, 38. dana, 37, hannah may, 22, hannah hazel gillroy, 20. glarnse rhoden, 20. christopher rhoden jr., 16. mr. peters: macon, georgia, december 12, to 1. derek jackson, 38. george henley, 34. corey, 25. dallas, texas, january , 2015. -- 4, 2015. max, 54. jose lopez, 21.
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norfolk, virginia, january 1, 2014. melvin, 32. marcus -- the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentleman from ohio seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one inute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to honor the life and service of, ohio police officer sean r. johnson who passed away last week in a tragic training accident. officer johnson's dedication to public service was evident when he made the decision to join the air force right out of high school in 19 8. after serving in the military and earning the rank of senior airman, he was hired at the sheriff's department where he served until 1997. officer johnson joined the hilliard division of police in october of 1999 and he stayed -- would stay with the
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department for the next 16 years. through those 16 years, with the hilliard division of police, he was distinguished as one of the most valuable members of the police department. mr. stivers: he was awarded multiple achievement citations for his service above the call of duty. he earned his associates degree in law enforcement from columbus day community college and was the father of two children. all the while working to keep our community safe. i want to recognize officer sean johnson for his incredible service to our community in hilliard. i also want to offer my deepest condolences to his family at this difficult time. i yield back the balance of my team. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. deutch: mr. speaker, a new c.d.c. study shows a 13% risk the zekea virus will result in microselfy.
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already nearly 300 pregnant women in the united states have acquired zekea. in light of these risks, how can this congress -- zika. in light of these risks how can this congress continue to could be struck, delay, and deny the necessary funding for a response? on many issues the congress is divided. i get it. but this is our most basic job. this emergency will test us as americans and it will test us as an institution. will we come together to prevent a zika outbreak? will we protect these families? will we act in the common good? or will we continue to play politics, ignore the science, and disregard these serious risks? the study's authority, said, we need to do whatever we can to help women avoid the zika virus infections during pregnancy. let's listen to him. let's do our job. i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. green: mr. speaker, members, i rise in support of the 39,000 verizon workers who are currently on strike. these hardworking members of the c.w.a. and i.b.w. are on strike for a number of reasons, but the number one reason is to keep their jobs and prevent them from being shipped overseas to the philippines and india. when verizon -- what verizon is doing is not unique. it's been the experience of many families in my district in houston and harris county and families throughout the country. as members of congress, we have a responsibility to fight for these jobs and improve the lives of average americans. this spring i introduced bipartisan legislation, the u.s. call center worker and consumer protection act, h.r. 4604, that would make companies that offshore american jobs ineligible for federal grants or loans and put them at the
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back of the line for federal contracts. this legislation will not stop offshoring, but it's a strong first step to protect these middle class jobs. i urge my colleagues to co-sponsor in bipartisan legislation h.r. 4604. mr. speaker, i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. for what purpose does the gentleman from oklahoma seek recognition? mr. cole: mr. speaker, by direction of the committee on rules i call up house resolution 751 and ask for its immediate consideration. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the resolution. the clerk: house calendar number 120, house resolution 751, resolved, that upon adoption of this resolution a, the house hereby takes from the speaker's table the bill h.r. 25577, making appropriations for the departments of transportation and housing and urban development and related agencies for the fiscal year ending september 30, 2016, and for other purposes. with the senate amendment thereto and concurs in the senate amendment with an amendment consisting of the
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text of rules committee print 114-56, and b, it shall be in order for the chair on the committee of proningses or designee to move that the house insist on its amendment to the senate amendment to h.r. 2577, and request a conference with the senate thereon. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized for one hour. mr. cole: mr. speaker, for the purposes of debate only i yield the customary 30 minutes to the massachusetts, my good friend, mr. mcgovern, pending which i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. cole: mr. speaker, during consideration of this resolution all time yielded is for the purposes of debate only. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent that that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. cole: mr. speaker, yesterday the rules committee met and reported a rule to expedite consideration of legislation that would deal with the imminent threat of the zika virus.
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the rule provides that the house concurs in the senate amendment with further amendment consisting of the 5243, h.r. 4974, h.r. and h.r. 897, as passed by the house and provides a motion from the chair of the committee of appropriations to request a conference .conference with the senate. mr. speaker, as i said last week the debate between republicans and democrats is not over whether or not to address the zika threat but whether or not to pay for it. or just to add it to the national credit card. this rule would provide for a conference between the house and senate on the zika response legislation as passed by the house. as opposed to the senate approach which adds an additional $1.2 billion to the national debt, the house approach acts responsibly by using existing funds designated for ebola and other infectious diseases to pay for our response to the looming zika threat. mr. speaker, my friends on the
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other side have claimed the house republican response to the zika threat has been insufficient. i disagree. in our view, our response is really the second of three of funds directeded at zika chairman rogers, chairman granger, and myself directed the administration to use existing funds for ebola and other infectious diseases to deal with the immediate threat. thus far the administration has used nearly $600 million to support efforts to combat zika. . the second traunch of money would provide an additional $622 million for zika. and finally, mr. speaker, i want tone sure my colleagues that we'll commit additional resources in the f.y. 2017 appropriations process to ensure that the administration's request is fully fulfilled, providing nearly $1.9 billion, the amount requested by the administration to combat zika.
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in conclusion, mr. speaker, i think it's important to reiterate that i do not disagree with my friends about the need to confront the zika virus quickly. in fact, i've been to brazil, i've been to argentina, visited the infected areas, spent a lot of hours talking to our people on the ground there that are both investigating the disease and working with local governments to try and take care of some of the outbreak down there and we've visited extensively with our friends up here at the national institute of health and the center for disease control. the only difference i have with my friends is whether or not we pay for the activity. i believe, mr. speaker, that if we already have the resources to confront the crisis, which we do, we should do so within our existing capabilities as opposed to adding to the deficit. i look forward to working with my colleagues in conference through regular order to ensure a bipartisan agreement can be reached. with that, mr. speaker, i urge my colleagues to support the rule and the underlying
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legislation, and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from massachusetts is recognized. mr. mcgovern: thank you, mr. speaker. and i want to thank the gentleman from oklahoma, mr. cole, my good friend, for yielding me the customary 30 minutes and i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. and i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, let me start by saying how disappointed i am by the inadequate and long overdue response by this republican majority to the zika crisis. with nearly 1,400 americans, including more than 275 pregnant women currently infected with the virus and well over a million cases expected before the end of the year, it is absolutely shameful that this house has failed to act on legislation to qualityly fund a response to -- adequately fund a response to this potentially devastating crisis.
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mr. speaker, zika is not coming to the united states. it's here. it's here. and as summer arrives, along with mosquito season, the mosquito that carries the zika virus will be active and knocking on the doors of our southern states and territories. this is an emergency. and it should be treated as such. but my friends on the other side of the aisle have spent months delaying action and making excuses and by making excuses, excuse after excuse after excuse about why we don't need to provide the full funding that our nation's public health experts say we need. now, i appreciate the fact that my friends on the other side of the aisle consider themselves public health experts, but there are people who are trained to be public health experts who tell us that what e're doing here today is underfunding, inadequate response to this crisis.
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i guess i shouldn't be surprised by this as the majority have ignored the advice of scientists and experts in favor of appeasing a small group in their conference on the extreme right. resident obama wanted $1.6 billion to confront this crisis. the house delayed and delayed and delayed as the zika crisis continued to spread. we should have sent a bill to president obama's desk months ago, but instead, this leadership allowed months to go by without any action on this issue. until last week when they brought to the floor a completely inadequate $622 million package that provides only one-third of the funds requested by the administration. house democrats, under the leadership of leader pelosi and appropriations committee ranking member lowey, have tried to bring to the floor meaningful emergency funding to address zika only to be blocked
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by house republicans five times . five times. while the administration has taken significant steps to help keep americans safe from the zika virus, significant additional appropriations are needed. in a letter to speaker ryan, o.m.b. director shean donovan and national security advisor susan rice said without emergency supplemental funding, mosquito control, surveillance, may need to be suspended. state and local governments that manage mosquito control may not be able to hire personnel for mosquito mitigation efforts. and vaccine developments, which require multiyear funding commitments, may be jeopardized. to make matters worse, mr. speaker, house republicans sent to the floor last week and again this week a bill to undermine the clean water act and protections for our waterways under the guise of helping to contain the zika virus. but the truth of the matter is, the legislation is nothing more
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than a carveout for pesticide special interests and would have absolutely no effect on spraying pesticides to combat the spread of the zika virus. it's a bill my friends have brought to the floor in the past but they are trying to further undermine environmental protections. so instead of working with democrats to address this public health emergency in a serious bipartisan way that puts the health and safety of the american people first, the republican leadership has once again brought to the floor partisan legislation that will not adequately meet the needs of the c.d.c., of the n.i.h., of usaid and other governmental agencies that are on the front lines responding to this crisis. and let me close, mr. speaker, by saying i have great respect for the gentleman from oklahoma, and, you know, when he says that, you know, he intends to support every effort make sure that adequate
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funding is available, approximate i thought this whole decision was -- if i thought this whole decision was up to him alone i don't think i would be as nervous as i am at this particular point, but his party that's in control has shut this government down. we have seen them lurch from one crisis to another crisis and underfund one priority to another priority. frankly, i don't trust -- i don't trust the people who are running this house to do the right thing, to be able to get a majority of their majority to go along with providing the appropriate funding. and, yes, we all want to be fiscally responsible, but let me tell you this. if all you're worried about is the bottom line and that is the cost, by not adequately funding what is needed to combat this crisis, the cost that will result if this crisis gets out of control will be prohibitive. you ain't seen nothing yet.
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so we could nickel and dime this all we want, but we do so at our own peril. we ought to be concerned primarily with the safety and well-being of the citizens of this country. but if that's not enough to prompt my friends on the other side of the aisle to support the president's request, i would suggest that cost of ignoring this problem of not adequately funding an appropriate response will be a cost like you've never seen before. so i urge my colleagues to defeat this rule and to bring up strong bipartisan legislation that will fully fund the administration's request. this is a public health emergency, and we must act now and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i want to begin by pointing out to my good friend that actually we're doing in a sense what he's urging us to do right now.
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we're moving expeditiously to go to conference with our friends in the senate who passed one version of the zika response. we'll have our version. we'll sit down and work out a compromise, and i suspect we'll be able to move pretty smartly through this. so what we're doing here today is exactly what i know my friend wants us to do and that's move and respond. now, i want to also point out -- and it gets lost in the rhetoric sometimes around this issue -- there is not one thing the federal government has proposed to do about zika that has been unable to do because of lack of money. the federal government has every cent it has asked for and frankly it was hal rogers, the chairman of the appropriations committee, that solicited ms. greaninger, the chairman of the subcommittee -- ms. granger, the chairman of the subcommittee on foreign operations, and myself to write thed a mfrlings and tell them to -- the administration and tell them to start spending
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immediately and it will be backfilled as needed during the normal appropriations process and that's exactly what's been done. so nothing has -- no measure has failed to be implemented because of lack of money. there was' -- there's been no delay in money for the zika response. frankly, there are substantial efforts to move ahead in this regard. now, my friend made the point that we sometimes seem to ignore the advice of scientists. that's just simply not true. in ebola last year, the administration got the response it wanted out of this congress immediately. frankly, it's gotten an immediate response out of zika. i point out to my friend -- he may not be aware of this because he's not on the appropriations committee -- last year the president of the united states asked for $1 billion for additional research at the national institutes of health. we gave him two. he asked for a certain amount of money. forgive me for not remembering the exact figure for the
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c.d.c., we gave him more money than he asked for. this year we'll do it again. he asked for additional money. we'll go beyond for the national institute of health and the center for disease control. so to suggest we're not funding these efforts robustly, the truth is if you look at the numbers we're actually spending more money than the president asked for because we think they're national priorities. but while we listen to scientists, we also listen to economists, and they tell us that running up a national debt willy-nilly is not a very good thing to do. in this case, we have the money and we have the time to deal with this in a thoughtful and prudent way and advance the efforts without running up the national debt. it's an appropriate way to proceed. so i would just my friend to think back when we hear this figure, this is only a third of the response, sometimes my fwrends on the other side -- friends on the other side forget. the first third and this is the
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next third and this reaches the balance for not only the remainder of this fiscal year but it reaches into next year. it's more money once we pass this than the administration proposed to deploy in this fiscal or even calendar year. and then we will in the normal appropriations process, which is under way right now. the bill will be probably presented sometime in middle june to the appropriations committee. you'll see additional money in the state and foreign operations bill and in the labor-h bill that's targeted toward ebola -- excuse me -- towards zika. the only difference is it will all have been paid for. and i think that shocks my friends the most. they would rather spend it someplace else. we think it's a crisis. we ought to spend the money and spend the money right now and take care of zika. we'll continue to work with my friends and i think we'll arrive at a good place at the end of the day. my hope is that measure that we enact at the end is fully paid
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for and that's what we're trying to achieve here, mr. speaker. with that i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from massachusetts is recognized. mr. mcgovern: yeah, mr. speaker, i think what we're concerned about on this side of the aisle, and i know some thoughtful republicans are also concerned about this, is the fact that without certainty a lot of the research projects, a lot of the initiatives that need to be done at the federal and state level will not happen because no one knows whether the money is going to follow for what is needed. and i think there's a lack of certainty because we're in the house of representatives that has shut the government down before. they get their way. people have a tantrum, they shut the government down. that's the history of this house of representatives. you know, i'm going to quote here from the director of the national institute of allergy and infectious diseases at the national institutes of health who i actually have a great
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deal of trust in and he said, quote, if we do not get the money that the president has asked for, the $1.9 billion, that is going to have a very serious negative impact on our ability to get the job done, end quote. that's the doctor. that's not me. that's a highly respected scientist who i think we all have a great deal of respect for in this house. we ought to listen to him, you know, more than the tea party wing of the republican party. mr. speaker, i want to ask my friends to defeat the previous question and if we do i will offer an amendment to the rule that modifies the house amendment by replacing the zika virus provisions with the text of h.r. 5044, which is the democratic alternative that fully funds the administration's request. the republican majority's current plan is to pass creatively named bills that have nothing to do with zika and offers short-term spending commitments that will
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unfortunately fail to incentivize the private sector to help develop a vaccine. our alternative would give our scientists and our doctors the resources they need to mount a longer term robust response to the growing zika crisis. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to insert the text of the amendment in the record along with extraneous material immediately prior to the vote on the previous question. . to discuss our proposal i yield to the gentlewoman from new york, the distinguished ranking member, mrs. lowey. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. mrs. lowey: thank you, mr. speaker. before i make my statement i just want to respond to our distinguished chair, the labor-hhs subcommittee. as the chairman of the appropriations committee introduced subcommittee allocations for either the labor-hhs or state foreign operations subcommittee, the answer is no. has the chairman set markup
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dates for the labor-hhs or state foreign operations bill? the answer is no. so there is no chance that congress will send either appropriations bill to the president by september 30. this really is a charade. c.d.c. director says, three months is an eternity for control of an outbreak. there is a narrow window of opportunity here and it's closing. so, mr. speaker, i rise to urge my colleagues to defeat the previous question so we can support a robust and aggressive response to an imminent public health emergency. researchers at harvard and c.d.c. reported that pregnant women who contract the zika virus in their first trimester face as high as a 13% chance that the baby will have
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microencephaly. nearly 300 pregnant women in the united states and its territories are terrified that their child will have a devastating birth defect. and that number increases every day. every day we learn more about the devastating virus, and each piece of news is more alarming than the last. that is why president obama acted responsibly and requested $1.9 billion to research, develop vaccines, and diagnostic tests, invest in mosquito investigator control, implement an aggressive public education and outreach campaign. yet the house republicans' zika bill would provide a mere $622 million, less than 1/3 of the $1st9 billion that public health experts tell us is
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necessary to protect american communities. to make matters worse, the bill robs peter to pay paul, stealing funding still needed to protect against ebola and increase public health preparedness at home. the spread of the zika virus is taking a severe toll on brazil and other south and central american countries. it has spread to puerto rico and the outbreak is knocking at our poor. why are my friends in the majority acting more like bureaucrats and accountants than responsive representatives of hardworking americans? protecting american communities is the foremost responsibility of the federal government. yet the majority has failed to lead the way to a response worthy of this emergency. if the previous question is defeated, mr. mcgovern will amend the rule to offer my
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bill, h.r. 5044 as the substitute providing the full $1.9 billion the administration requested without offsets. to ensure an adequate response to zika that doesn't rob our ebola response. i urge my colleagues to vote no on the previous question. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield three minutes to my good friend, the gentleman from pennsylvania, the chairman of the v.a. and military construction subcommittee on appropriations, mr. dent. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. dent: thank you, mr. speaker. i thank the gentleman from oklahoma for yielding to me. he's obviously very thoughtful member of the rules committee and fine member of our appropriations committee, and i believe we have something really important to discuss today and that is today really does mark a return to regular
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order for our appropriations bills and process. that statement is so significant that we need to pause and recognize it as a tremendous achievement. this has been the intense focus of the appropriations committee chairman, hal rogers, for more than five years. and the committee's esteemed ranking member, too, mrs. lowey, has been equally determined to have a regular order restored. they have worked relentlessly to get us to this place, which is a better place. so i commend chairman rogers and mrs. lowey and appreciate the support of the house leadership to make this happen. this is the best way to serve our citizens, our federal agencies, our veterans, and our military services and the members and their families. it's also my honor to have military construction, veterans' affairs related agencies appropriations bill move forward as part of the conference committee. that's very significant to me as chairman of that subcommittee. of course, we are also going to deal with the zika threat as we
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must and as we should. that would be part of these discussions. the i'm sure we are going to be able to come to an agreement with the senate how we'll proceed on that issue and everybody here is committed to moving forward. both on the mill con-va as well as zika. h.r. 4974, that's the military construction-va bill demonstrates our firm commitment to fully supporting our nation's veterans and service members. billion tment of $81.6 for military construction. that's $1 billion over last year's level. the bill will address issues to help veterans in every part of the country. every congressional district and our troops throughout the world. the bill provides comprehensive support for service members, military families, and veterans with $7.9 billion. it supports our troops with facilities and services necessary to maintain a
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readiness and morale here in the states and overseas. provides for defense department schools and health clinics that take care of our military families. and for the v.a. this bill includes $73.5 billion in discretionary funding. the bill funds our veterans' health care system to ensure that our promise to care for those who have sacrificed in defense of this great nation continues as those men and women return home. we owe the support to our veterans. and are committed to sussstaped oversight so the programs are delivered what they promise and taxpayers are well served by the investments that we make. so i certainly support this motion to go to congress. certainly urge adoption of this motion so we can deal with both taking care of our service members, veterans. their families. we must do this. and of course we must also deal with the zika threat that is affecting so many of us. i do want to commend everybody involved on that issue.
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i know chairman cole -- the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. mr. cole: yield an additional minute. mr. dent: i just wanted to commend chairman cole for his efforts on this issue. i serve with him on the labor-health human services subcommittee. i know he's in constant communication with our friends at the n.i.h. and c.d.c. to make sure we get the resources necessary to them so they can help us deal with this very real threat. at this time i'm very pleased that we are returning to regular order and that we are going to conference this bill, military construction and v.a. and zika, and it's great for the congress, great for the country, and we need to move forward. with that i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields. the gentleman from massachusetts is recognized. mr. mcgovern: thank you, mr. speaker. i have great respect for the gentleman from pennsylvania, and i agree with him on a lot of issues she's championed here. but he used the words regular order. we have no allocations. no budget resolution. we know that many of the
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appropriations bills will never see the light of day on the house floor. there will be this mad rush after the election to put together some big omnibus package that most people will never be able to read. if that's regular order, we have a very difference of opinion what regular order is all about. mr. speaker, i'd also like to ask unanimous consent to insert into the record a letter that was sent to the house leadership signed by close to 70 health organizations. every major health organization in the country calling for new funding rather than he repurposing money from other high priority programs to combat zika. also supporting the president's request. but talking about how we have a brief window of opportunity to slow the spread of the zika virus and avert a wave of preventable birth defects and urging congress to act. certainly in a much more aggressive way than what we are doing here today. i'd ask unanimous consent to
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have that put in the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. mcgovern: at this time i'd like to yield four minutes to the gentlewoman from florida, the ranking member of the appropriations subcommittee on the legislative branch, ms. wasserman schultz. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. wasserman schultz: thank you, mr. speaker. i urge the house to take meaningful action to address the public health crisis that the centers for disease control recently called scarier than we originally thought and support the president's request for supplemental funding for the zika virus as outlined in h.r. 5044, the zeke gentleman supplemental appropriations. i thank my appropriations ranking member, nita lowey, and lee lawyero for their ongoing leadership to help protect our constituents. more than 120 floridians now have the zika virus. including 36 pregnant women. last week, there were an estimated 157 pregnant women in the continental united states, and 122 more in the territories who have contracted zika.
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the house must take real action to protect our citizens. it is an outrage that we are not adequately responding to the calls of public health officials at the federal, state, and local levels who are clanging the alarm bells, imploring congress to act. last week the house approved the zika bill that is absolutely unacceptable. the bill the house passed would raid existing public health accounts, a dangerous precedent to set for appropriately responding to public health crises. this is an approach that doctor auchi, has called illogical. it only authorizes use of funds through september 30. let me assure you that mosquito s do not adhere to a congressional calendar. the republican bill does nothing to specifically help puerto rico. where zika is wreaking the most havoc, and we are lows -- where close to 1,000 people have been infected. we need more funds now to equip
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our local health centers with testing kits. we need to ensure the national institutes of health that have sustained funding to develop a virus, vaccine, as well as a cure. and we need to protect our constituents. that is our responsibility. it continues to baffle and frustrate so many of us that the majority wishes to address this crisis, this public health crisis, by combating zika through robbing peter to pay paul. that is irresponsible. it's immoral. and the majority will have to look in the eyes of the mothers who have contracted the zika virus beyond the point at which we will have lost control of the ability to contain this virus, and this public health crisis. look those mothers in the eye and explain why they did nothing to ensure that their babies were not born with birth he defects. it's unconscionable -- with birth defects.
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it's un-able and we need to act now and i urge the house to vote for the full funding and vote no on the previous question. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. cole: what's unconscionable, mr. speaker, is to make charges that are simply untrue. and to suggest that there has money that has not been deployed that would otherwise have been spent is untrue. everything the administration has wanted to spend it has been able to spend. now, we hear a lot of talk about raiding funds. let's talk about raiding funds. the administration took $500 million out of emergency response money, i believe in december, but earlier this year, and redirected that to the global climate fund. that's money that was setaside that could have been used for zika. instead it's in a global climate fund. the administration in its own budget took $40 million out of
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the ebola fund and directed it into a worthy cause, malaria suppression. don't have an objection, but the idea this money isn't used. when we hear discussions about the ebola money, that's money that was not to be spent in the next weeks or the next months. but in future years. and we don't even know if it's enough or if it's too much. so the idea that using some of it now to meet emergency is wrong with the idea and commitment that that would be replenished later is needed is the responsible thing to do. as for n.i.h. funding, in the zika bill that this house passed, there is $230 million that fully funds the n.i.h.'s request for vaccinations research for all of next year. so again the idea that that's -- moppy is not available, and they don't know what to do, if we pass this legislation, it is. so i would just suggest, again, we look at the real difference here. has nothing to do with zika
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response. as everything to do with whether or not you want to pay for it when you have the money available or you just want to add another $1st9 billion to the national credit card. -- $1st9 billion to the national credit card. it's thinking like that where we were running $1.4 trillion deficits when our friends were in control on the other side where we still have a $450 billion deficit for this fiscal year and it will go up next year. we ought to be doing this in a prudent way. zika response does not happen in a single day. it's something that will last over multiple months and years. the administration's request for 1 $.9 billion is not just for today, it is for at least the period of two years. . so they have the money they need right now. the bill provides the next amount of money they need and we will provide additional money in the course of the appropriations process. i want to assure everybody,
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nothing will not be done because the money was not available, and to date the administration has been able to do everything it wanted to do. so this debate that we're having here today is actually another step in that process. i mean, this moves us toward conference. favored the y have senate bill than with us. we'll conference with the senate. the process is under way, it's moving as it should, and when the administration asked for emergency funding they immediately got a response from chairman rogers saying, spend whatever you need to spend right now. we will back you up. we've made good on that commitment. we're going to continue to make good on that commitment. with that i reserve the balance of my time, mr. speaker. i'm reserving my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from massachusetts is recognized. mr. mcgovern: i yield the gentlelady an amendment. mrs. lowey: as my colleague knows, i have great respect for
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the distinguished chairman of the labor-hhs subcommittee for which we don't even have the number right now so we don't know how much we have to spend. but i also would like to talk to your comments about, we have enough now, we may have enough next year. we don't, in the united states of america, respond to crises on the installment plan. and as we you know, dr. freedan, dr. fouchi, this is the request, we need the money. this isn't extra money that we're requesting. this is what the experts have requested to address this crises now. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker. let me just begin make clear so that everybody understands this that this house republican zika bill provides less than 1/3 of the funds requested by the
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president to respond to the zika threat. the house bill also cuts the request for research and development of vaccines, reatments and doing nostics by 132 -- doing nostics by $132%. h.h.s. was forced to move into the zika response due to the inaction by congress. the house bill also does not replace the more than $500 taken from ebola funds that h.h.s. was forced to move into zika response due to congress' inaction. finally, to make matters worse, the house bill rescinds $622 million to pay for the zika package, including taking an additional $352 million from ebola. so that -- the total being taken from ebola efforts under the house republican approach reaches nearly $900 million. now, i appreciate the fact that we don't want to keep on adding to our national credit card, but we have no problem adding tens of billions of dollars to
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the national credit card for war. well, this is also a war, a war for the health and welfare of the american people and for the health and welfare of many of our -- many women and children in this country. this is a big deal. this is an emergency, and shame on us for not stepping up to the plate and doing what's right. with that i reserve my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman may proceed. mr. cole: mr. speaker, there's been a great deal of discussion this morning about the ebola fund and how it's being used and what ways it's going to be used. so let me just go back and make a few points to clarify that situation. when congress acted, it appropriated almost $6 billion for ebola. that money was to be spent over years. it wasn't really clear whether it was too much or frankly not enough. we simply didn't know. now, the reality is even after
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the amounts of money that my friend has talked about that's been shifted from ebola to deal with zika, that fund still has over $1.7 billion in it, more than enough to finance all the planned activity, not only for this fiscal year but all of next fiscal year. this is a multiyear fund. when you're in an emergency, it makes sense to take money like that and move it over, particularly with the assurance that that money will be replaced as needed in the regular appropriations process. the administration itself is doing the same thing. in its own budget taking money out of the ebola fund and spending it on something else they thought was more immediate. the idea this is somehow unprecedent what the administration is doing is simply untrue. now the reality is -- my friends seem to imply or perhaps believe there is something that hasn't been done to date that the federal government wanted to do on zika. that's not true. they had the funds to do
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everything they wanted to do. they will continue to have the funds to do everything they want to do. so to suggest that somehow they're not being funded is just not the case. and frankly, we've -- effectively in the zika bill advanced funded money for the n.i.h. to actually begin research and have given them all the money in that bill they asked for next fiscal year on the vaccine side of this. so we'll continue to work the process. we'll continue to make sure that the resources are available, to fight zika, because we all believe it's a danger and we'll continue to do it in a responsible way by using the funds that are available, putting them on an immediate problem, replenishing accounts as we need to. again, i remind my friends, that's something the administration itself has been doing, not only with ebola funds but other funds when it's moved emergency response money to the global climate fund. i mean, goodness, that was $500 million that would have been left there would have been
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available for zika for response in other parts of the world. it's easy to get lost in the atlantic of numbers here and -- the thicket of numbers here moving money from this pot to another pot. it's been paid for. we're proposing to continue that, make sure they have all the funds that are needed, as needed but we pay for them. and number four, we're actually moving the process forward to sit down with the senate by passing this rule and the underlying legislation and going to conference and actually hammering out a common bill that will be acceptable to all sides. so i appreciate the concern. i know it's genuine, quite frankly, but i also know that we're acting and acting effectively to deal with the problem. with that i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from massachusetts is recognized. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, at this time it's my honor to yield one minute to the gentlewoman from california, the democratic leader, ms. pelosi. the speaker pro tempore: the
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gentlewoman is recognized. ms. pelosi: thank you, mr. speaker. i thank the gentleman for yielding and for his forceful arguments against this reckless rule that is before us today. i rise, mr. speaker, in strong opposition to the rule and really in a state of wonderment. wonderment about how on earth this congress of the united tates can be so insensitive to a challenge to the american people. it is our responsibility to honor our preamble to the constitution, to promote the general welfare. that's in the preamble of our constitution, which we take an oath to defend. the distinguished gentleman from oklahoma, whom i respect, said just be patient. no. no. 94 days since the president of the united states asked for the amount of resources necessary
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to address the zika crisis. an amount of money that was requested by the scientists, documented by the urgency of this challenge for the research and for the prevention and for he resources needed to address this public health emergency. i rise not only as the house democratic leader, i rise as a mother and a grandmother and i speak to parents and grandparents in this body, because that's all i'm allowed to speak to. the questions i have for you e -- how can we ignore the president's scientifically based request expressed in the words of dr. -- the director of the national institutes of
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allergy and infectious diseases at the national institutes of health, a person, a health care leader in our country, a researcher, a scientist who has been described by george herbert walker bush as a hero, as a hero in his work for the american people and their public health. he says if i don't get money that the president has asked for, the $1.9 billion, that is going to have a very serious negative impact on our ability to get the job done. and another doctor, the public health agency to stop this threat. he said, never before in history has there been a situation where a bite from a mosquito can result in
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devastating fetal malformation. testimony went on to say that we're talking about children with irreversible brain damage who will now be able to walk, talk, see or hear, children whose care over a lifetime is estimated to cost more than $10 million. the money is one thing. the devastation to that child and to that family is far more consequential. so the $1.9 billion is a great deal of money. it's an emergency. prevent rice to pay to irreversible brain damage in our children. a small price to pay instead of saying to families, don't think about having children now because of this epidemic. republicans are treating the threat of zika with so little
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seriousness as they decided to use the crisis as an opportunity to eliminate protections for our -- for the water of -- that our children drink. the so-called zika vector control act the republicans are adding to this package this morning that they're asking you to vote for is nothing but a long-standing and craven repackaged republican effort to cut the clean water act. it is a pesticide trojan horse that will do nothing to protect americans from zika. this is really a dishonoring of our responsibility to protect and defend our fellow americans. as our distinguished ranking member of the rules committee mentioned, this is a defense issue. it's about protecting the american people. this proposal today puts forth 1/3 of what the president has asked for.
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1/3. people say why aren't you happy with 1/3 of the loaf? it's not 1/3 of a loaf. it's 1/3 of a shoe. you cannot get there from here with 1/3. it's really an insult to the scientists who have spoken out. and so i started with a question. it's really -- actually it's 1/3 of the president's request but 1/5 what the c.d.c. has requested for the public health activities. we must elevate, we must elevate the importance of the public health -- public health responsibility that we have. if we had a natural disaster, fema has funds to come to the rescue of the american people. that is our compact with the american people, to help them in ways that they could never help themselves because of the
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scope of the challenge. this is no less a challenge. in fact, it will probably result in more loss of life, malformation of children -- of unborn children and on top of that, think of the negative impact it will have -- distrust to travel to certain regions in our country. this is so reckless. just when i thought i had seen it all on the part of the republicans in the congress, to disregard meeting the needs of the american people, along comes this incomprehensible to explain to anybody why this might be a proposal worthy of the floor of the house, worthy of the challenge -- public health challenge to the american people, worthy of our
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concerns about the american people. my republican colleagues, you have outdone yourselves today. at you are doing is reckless in this bill. we should be meeting this challenge the way we meet emergencies, with adequate resources, which will end up saving money because they will be an investment in the health of the american people. over 90 days since the president has made the request. it is not our role to i still fear but we have to state the challenge in a very clear way. this mosquito -- this virus from this mosquito is sexually transmitted. we have no idea it could be as long as 18 months how long it will reside in a gentleman who might be bitten. could be over a year.
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could be shorter. but it is not one night. secondly, if you get bitten by this mosquito when you travel someplace where it might be pervasive, you not only get bitten yourself, you bring it home. again, it's sexually transmitted. t it's transmitted in even more pervasive way. any other garden variety mosquito that would bite you who have already been bitten by the other mosquito, now is a carrier of that virus. you turn garden variety mosquitos into an army on o the assault of the public health of the american people. so, again, as a mother and a grandmother, as a parent, fathers, grandfathers who serve here think of the children,
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think of the risk, think of the responsibility that we have. think of the irresponsibility of this bill before us today and the reckless, reckless disregard for public health in our country that the republicans are putting forth on this legislation. and vote no. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields. the gentleman from oklahoma is recognized. mr. cole: may i inquire how much time we have? the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman has 13 minutes remaining. the gentleman from massachusetts has 11 minutes remaining. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. cole: mr. speaker, i want to begin by saying i also have a great deal of respect for the distinguished minority leader. and shoe used in her remarks, made the point -- and she used in her remarks, made the point the president asked for a number of things. last year the president asked for a billion dollars more for
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the n.i.h. we said you know he we didn't think you asked for enough. we'll give you $2 billion. somehow that seems to get lost. last year the president sent out a request for the center for disease control. we said you know we don't think you're spending enough on public health, mr. president, we are going to spend more money than you asked for. this year when the president submitted his budget, he decided i'm going to take $1 billion of discretionary spending away from the national institute of health and spend it someplace else. we said no, mr. president, we think that's reckless. our democratic friends agreed. we are not going to let you take $1 billion of discretionary money away from n.i.h. and spend it someplace else. we are going to keep it there. by the way, we are going to put more money than you asked for in this agency when the bill comes out and we are probably going to do the same thing for the center for disease control. to suggest the president hasn't gotten what he asked for is to misstate the facts. now, we have had a great deal mentioned that the president
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had for 9 days has had a requested. what we have not had is one shred of evidence that in those 94 days he has not had the money to do every single thing he wanted to do. the chairman of the committee urged him to start spending the money immediately to do that. so there have been no loss of effort. and the bill in front of us now funds it for the rest of the fiscal year. also funds the research on the vaccine that the n.i.h. into next year. again, i'm going to simply disagree with my friends that money has not been available. it's been available and frankly to the appropriate agencies more money has been available than the president has asked for. more money will be available next year than he asked for. with that i want to yield, mr. speaker, if i may, four minutes to the distinguished chairman of the rules committee, mr. sessions, my good friend from texas. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas is recognized for four minutes. mr. sessions: thank you very much. i want to thank the gentleman not only a member of the rules
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committee but appropriator who is directly in line with an understands the needs of not only the american people as it relates to the n.i.h. but also the funding mechanisms. mr. speaker, i stand up to really disagree with the gentlewoman from california to call my party and our efforts reckless and irresponsible. i believe is unfair. i believe it's unfair because last night at the rules committee we had this virtually same discussion and the discussion started with me when i said that i had republicans and democrats only monday with the director of n.i.h., dr. collins, and the director of the institute of allergy and infectious diseases, dr. anthony fauci, up, and we talked directly about this issue. and what we learned, mr. speaker, is that there was a request for additional money. and that the n.i.h. had some $600 million that was sit being in -- sitting in a fund from
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ebola that had not been completely used and a determination was made, including the gentleman from oklahoma, hal rogers, and nita lowey, that were engaged in a decision that said we'll allow the money to be switched over if you would like to do that, switch over and use that money for this specific event that we are now looking at. what happened is they used the money very quickly. they accelerated spending the money. that's fine. we want them to do what they need to do. some $600 million. as soon as that was known, the gentlewoman, mrs. lowey, the gentleman mr. rogers, the gentleman, mr. cole, went about and looking at a request to fill for the next five months hat would be some $1.2 billion that would be spent just this year remaining. we are in may. just until the end of september
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. the president asked $1st9 million for five years -- $1.9 million for five years and we gave $1.2 million of that for five months. we are accelerating the money that is necessary to n.i.h. the minority leader outlined how terrible this destructive behavior can be to a child. to an embryo. we agree. but to suggest that republicans are reckless is not fair. what is fair to say is that we are responding appropriately. we are responding immediately. and we are putting it together before we are gone next week on a work period that when we are gone next week, we are doing it this week. we are moving it as quickly as possible. if we weren't, we would be accused of the reverse, evidently. mr. speaker, the republican
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party, the gentleman, mr. cole, the gentleman, mr. rogers, our speaker, we care about people. we are doing the right thing. now, in the rules committee the gentleman, michael burgess, acknowledged some of the frailties he sees from the administration's point and that would be where is the alert to cities? where is the administrative action to say let's do something about alerting travelers? where is the information that is going to public health officials? where are we preparing ourself to look at what would happen in brazil? what is the administration doing other than just accusing us of not spending more money? mr. speaker, we all live in glass houses. we need to look at this the same way. and calling each other names is not a way to get there. so, mr. cole will be responsible and reasonable.
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hal rogers, the chairman of our appropriations will be responsible, and i said to my committee last night as quickly as we need to get together the rules committee will come in, even if it's on an emergency basis, to handle this based upon a request. that's what we are going to do. i yield back my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from oklahoma reserves. the gentleman from massachusetts. mr. mcgovern: i yield four minutes to the gentlewoman from connecticut, the ranking member of the appropriations subcommittee on labor health and human service, ms. delauro. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from connecticut is recognized for four minutes. police delauro: -- ms. delauro: thank you, mr. speaker. i just will say with my colleague, mr. sessions, just said that the n.i.h. had $600 million in unused ebola money. that is false. the n.i.h. has used all of its ebola funds that congress allocated. so the gentleman from texas statement is not factual. the zika virus is a public health emergency. it's a crisis -- i'm sorry, i don't.
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i'm sorry. i can't. because the time is short. the zika virus is a public health emergency. it is a crisis. and we must treat it as such. as of last week, there were almost 1,00 confirmed cases of zika in the united states and its territories. nearly 300 of them are pregnant women. and one person has died. when this congress, when we appropriate money for defense, or defense spending, or for wars, republicans say, and i quote, listen to the generals in the field, they are the ones who know best. well, we are in the midst of a war against the zika virus, and we should be listening to the generals and the experts in the field. who are they? they are at the center for disease control, they are at the national institutes of health, and they are the scientists in our country. we need to give them the
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resources that they need, and they have told us they need $1.9 billion. we should do the right thing. we should fund their request. /3 of that request -- 1/3 of that request, which is what the house republicans have proposed, is not adequate. typically microencephaly occurs u.s. % to .12% of all births. but the washington post reported yesterday that among zika infected pregnant women that risk is as high as $13%. this summer every woman who is pregnant or trying to get pregnant will be afraid, afraid to go out on the patio. afraid to take your kids to the little league. afraid to go to a barbecue. it is our duty here to do everything that we can to ease those fears. to stop this disease from spreading any further. we must not put american women in a predicament of choosing
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whether or not they should get pregnant or if they are already pregnant wondering whether or not their baby is going to be k. ron wrote in the "washington post" i quote, it is not a question whether babies will be born in the united states with zekeo related microencephaly, it's a question of when and how many. for years to come these environ will be visible. a human reminder of the cost of absurd wrangling in washington. a preventable suffering and frail your of our political system to respond -- failure of our political system to respond to the threat the infectious diseases pose. pregnant women are expecting delays in learning the zika results. the experts estimate a single child with birth defects can usually cost $10 million to care for or more. that says nothing about the life of that child with microselfly. they cannot eat, they cannot speak, they cannot walk.
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i do not often quote senator marco rubio, last week he said, i quote, it is a mistake for congress to try to deal with the zika virus on the cheap. if we don't spend more money on that front, and i think we are going to spend a lot more later because this problem is not going away. we could not agree more. we have already stolen $44 million from our states to deal with this crisis. and the republican bill does not reimburse our states for the money that they need for dealing with emergencies such as this. we should defeat the previous question. we should consider a lowey-delauro-wasserman schultz amendment and we should fully fund the president's request of $1.9 million. it is responsible, but it is the moral thing to do. months from now -- 30 seconds. mr. mcgovern: an additional 30 seconds. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields. ms. delauro: months from now when the results of our inaction become apparent we'll
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ask ourselves why did we delay? why did we wait? we must take appropriate action now. we must reject this previous question. we must do what is the morally right thing for the people of this country who put their faith and trust in us to come and represent their best interest and their public health. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady yields back. the gentleman from massachusetts reserves. the gentleman from oklahoma. mr. cole: may i inquire to the time? the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from oklahoma has seven minutes. the gentleman from massachusetts has 6 1/2 minutes. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i will reserve my time at this point. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from massachusetts. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, i would like to yield four minutes to the gentleman from maryland, the democratic whip, mr. hoyer. the speaker pro tempore: the whip is recognized for four minutes. mr. hoyer: i thank the gentleman for yielding. i want to thank ms. delauro who is the ranking member on the labor-health committee. this is the story in the "washington post," front page.
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it is about the crisis that we confront about the danger to americans' health, about the dangers to young children will be born with microselfly and dr. freedian, the head of our disease operation and defense force, if you will, says it will cost $10 million per baby born with microencephaly. $10 million per child. . that doesn't count the heartache. and mr. cole, he's a good legislator. the action you take today belies the representation you have made. what do i mean by that? if there is enough money now, as mr. cole argues, why take this action? this was not scheduled earlier this week.
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this was not having a rule until 9:30 last night. so if your proposition is correct that there are sufficient funds right now, we don't need to act on this bill today. so why, my friends, are we acting on it today? because the public believes we ought to act, and the republicans are trying to protect themselves against the attack that they took no action 94 days into the president's request. because if mr. cole is right, we need not worry. there's plenty of money available, but they know the american people don't agree with that. so 9:30 in the dead of night they passed this rule, brought it to the floor so they can say, oh, we've acted. nothing, my friends, will happen as a result of what we do today. the senate passed a bill with 69 votes.
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$1.1 billion. not taking from ebola defense, not taking from other health needs of america as our bill does, but saying this is an emergency. now, very frankly, my friends on your side of the aisle, mr. cole, when you want $18 billion from defense, you have no problem not paying for it. you take it from o.c.o., which is not scored. no problem. but when the president asks for $1.9 billion, about a 10th of of well, -- about 1:10 that, well, that's -- 1/10 of that, well, that's ok. it's not the 258 ban. it's not iran. we -- it's not the taliban. it's not iran. we don't have to protect against that. it's a health crisis in america and we fiddle for 94 days. if in fact mr. cole's representation is correct, if 's no need to act, but
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the actions that they're taking speak loudly that, yes, in is a need to tell the american people, we get it, there's a crisis, we're going to act. the problem is nothing will happen as a result of this action other than a bill will go over to the senate with which the senate does not agree. they passed a bill with 69 votes. half of the republicans, all of the democrats said we need the $1.1 billion. now, the president has asked for $1.9 billion, but what they didn't do is steal from ebola, steal from other health priorities, and i hear the gentleman talking about how much money is out there, but if that's true, why do we need to act in the dead of night last night and today just as we walk out the door? we have not dealt with zika. we haven't acted on puerto
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rican debt. we haven't acted on a budget resolution. we haven't acted on flint water crisis. we haven't acted on criminal justice reform, and we haven't acted on voting rights act. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. mr. hoyer: this is a cover vote. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. mr. hoyer: vote no. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from massachusetts reserves the balance of his time. does the gentleman from oklahoma continue to reserve the balance of his time? mr. cole: no. i'd yield myself, mr. speaker, such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for such time as he may consume. mr. cole: i appreciate that very much, mr. speaker. i want to reply to my very good friend of maryland whom i not only have great esteem for but frankly great personal affection for. i want to answer his question. this is not a cover vote. the main item here is veterans and military construction. that's over $83 billion. that through normal order is moving forward. now, to also move the zika bill with it makes a lot of sense.
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frankly, one of the things in this bill -- and i disagree with my friend's characterization -- we want to make sure that misguided environmental regulations don't stop us from deploying pesticides that we may need. that's in this bill. that is pretty important to move forward. the funding is also important. now, my friends seem to forget, again, the long record here of who's been willing to support the n.i.h. and who's been willing to support c.d.c. we gave the n.i.h. twice what the president asked for in additional new money last year. that's being spent right now, by the way. we gave -- mr. hoyer: fleeled? -- if the gentleman will yield? mr. cole: not until i gave my point. we also gave the centers for disease control more than the president asked for. this year when the president tried to take a billion dollars away in adiscretionary money away from the n.i.h. both republicans and democrats said, no, mr. president, we will not late you raid n.i.h. and weaken the health care apparatus of
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the united states. and i made the point then and i my friends that will back it up, we'll put more money in the n.i.h. this year, next fiscal year, than the president actually requested. now, in terms of zika, the moment there was a crisis, the chairman of this committee, hal rogers, immediately sent a letter to the president and said, spend all the money you need. there's -- they're in pots. so taking funds and using them in immediate crisis is not unusual. indeed, the administration itself has done this twice in recent months. once taking $500 million from an emergency response fund at the department of state and spending it on climate change instead of emergency response. $40 million in their own budget out of, quote, ebola money that they were going to spend on malaria money. i don't condemn them that, by
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the way. they say this will take several years. we want to deal with malaria right now. let's take some of that money. if we have a problem later we'll fix it. that's all that's going on here. at the end of the day, the amount of resources that are necessary will be made available. the only difference here is one side wants to pay for it and not add to the national debt, the other side really doesn't think that's a big consideration. that's a debate worth having. i don't mind having that debate, but we heard the word reckless earlier. it's also shameless to exploit a crisis for political gain. i think we're seeing some of it today. some of it is sincere and some of it is great theatrics. doesn't change the fact that when the president made his request he's had every dime he's needed for that 94 days. when my friends say the republican bill only provides a third of the money, they somehow forget a third had already been provided. this is the second third. the rest of it will come, and the money is to be spent as the administration requested.
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not over weeks, days but over months and years. that's how they propose it deploy it. so giving them the money as they need it instead of writing them a blank check and not even paying for it ahead of time seems to us the prudent and responsible thing to do. with that, mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. the gentleman from massachusetts. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, could i inquire of the gentleman how many more speakers he has? mr. cole: i'm prepared to close whenever my friend is. mr. mcgovern: ok. i'll close. mr. speaker, i yield myself the remaining time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from massachusetts. mr. mcgovern: dr. thomas frieden, the director of the c.d.c. just wreently said in the way this house has handled the funding for the zika virus. he said, this is no way to fight an ep 2ke78ic. three months is eternity for control of an outbreak. there is a narrow window of opportunity here and it's closing. every day that passes makes it harder and harder to stop zika. so whether it's dr. frieden or
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dr. fauci or any of our nation's leading scientists or medical experts who all say that what is going on here today is grossly inadequate, my friends on the other side of the aisle seem to think they know more than our scientists and medical experts. at these they have convinced themselves they know more. well, they haven't convinced me and they haven't convinced the majority of the american people who are watching this and in disbelief. i mean, this is an emergency. this is a crisis. why aren't we acting more aggressively? i want to ask unanimous consent to insert in the congressional record a letter to congress from the director of the office of management and budget and our national security advisor in which they talk about the importance of multiyear funding , long-term funding because they have multiyear commitments that they need to make to the private sector in order to prioritize zika, in order to develop vaccines and other preventions to protect the american people. the speaker pro tempore: without objection.
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mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, what we are doing here today represents a failure, a miserable failure. this is a -- this represents a failure of this congress to do everything humanly possible to protect the people of this country. it is shameful. it is unbelievable. a rigid right-wing ideology is trumping common sense, is trumping doing what is right, what i think most of my colleagues on the other side of the aisle understand. we need to aggressively fight this crisis, and here's the deal. if we don't get this right, all the talk about fiscal responsibility and, you know, in controlling the debt goes out the window because the cost of this crisis getting out of control is astronomical. mr. speaker, my friends on the other side of the aisle can explain away or rationalize or justify, you know, this inadequate response all they want but it is reckless.
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it is irresponsible, and for the life of me i can't understand why on this issue, as we're confwronted with this health crisis -- confronted with this health crisis that we all can't come together and do what's right. when it comes to wars halfway around the world, nobody cares about paying for it, but when it comes to a war to confront a health care epidemic crisis, confront that epidemic, my friends can't find the money. please vote no on the previous question so we can actually have an amendment to properly fund this. i urge my colleagues to vote no on the previous question and no on the rule. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from oklahoma has the remaining 3 1/2 minutes. mr. cole: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield michaels the balance of the time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for the balance of the time. mr. cole: i want to respond quickly to some of my friend's points, mr. speaker, and i want to go back to the essential reality that we're facing. number one, last year when the president asked for $1 billion more for n.i.h. we said that's not enough. we said we're going to give you
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$2 billion. last year the president submitted a request for c.d.c. we looked at it and said, it's not enough. you evidently don't care about public health, mr. president. we're going to spend more money. this year he brought us a request to try to take $1 billion of discretionary funding away from n.i.h. my friends on the other side were as appalled as we were. we said, no, mr. president. you're not going to take $1 billion out of n.i.h. at a dangerous time of disease. we're not only going to keep that money there, we'll put more money, additional money than you asked for. we said the same thing about the c.d.c., and so we'll do it. in terms of what's been done, the minute the zika virus appeared and the administration asked for emergency money, hal rogers, the chairman of the committee, responded and said, spend whatever it takes and indeed the administration has done that. my friends seem to suggest that there's something that hasn't been done. yet, they never tell us what that one thing is. the reality is the administration's had the money to do everything it's wanted to do. this bill provides more money on top of that.
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our senators are proposing even more, so we go to conference to figure out the appropriate amount and whether or not and to what degree it should be paid for. i hope it's all paid for. it should be because we have the funds to do that. so to suggest that there's some sort of failure of funding is simply not true. and my friends know it's not true. to suggest we're not willing to put the money here would suggest that recent history has no relevance because we put more money here than the president asked us to put and we committed to put even more going forward. so i would -- the only difference here and what drives my friends into a frenzy is that we actually want to pay for this. they simply don't. they think, let's just put another $1.9 billion on the national credit card. this is a great excuse to do that. well, we're not prepared to do that, but we are prepared to respond to the legitimate needs of the american people and use the resources that we have. so myrick, in closing, i -- so
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mr. speaker, in closing i agree with my friends on the other side we should address the issue. we disagree with the other body in how to do it. we'll go on from there. mr. speaker, i look forward to working with my colleagues in conference on these important issues. i yield back the balance of my time and i move the previous question on the resolution. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back his time. all time has expired. the question is on ordering the previous question on the resolution. all those in favor say aye. all those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, the ayes have it. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from massachusetts. mr. mcgovern: i ask for the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking yeas te by the yanse -- and nays will rise. a sufficient number having arisen, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this question will be postponed.
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the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to house resolution 743 and rule 18, the chair declares the house in the committee of the whole house on the state of the union for further consideration of h.r. 5055. will the gentleman from wisconsin, mr. ribble, kindly ake the chair.
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the chair: the house is if the committee of the whole house on the state of the union for further consideration of h.r. 5055 which the clerk will report the title. the clerk: a bill making appropriations for energy and water development and related agencies for the fiscal year ending september 30, 2017, and for other purposes. the chair: when the committee of the whole house rose on may 25, 2016, an amendment offered by the gentleman from florida, mr. desantis, has been disposed of and the bill had been read through page 80, line 15. for what purpose does the gentleman from idaho seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i move that the committee do now rise and report the bill back to the house with sunry amendments and with the recommendation that the amendments be agreed to and that the bill as amended do pass. the chair: the gentleman from idaho moves that the committee rise and report the bill back to the house with the recommendation that the bill as amended do pass. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no.
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the ayes have it. the committee risings. the chair: the committee of the whole house on the state of the union having had under consideration h.r. 5055 directs me to report the same back to the house with sundry amendments with the recommendation that the amendments be agreed to and that the bill as amended do pass. the speaker pro tempore: the chair of the committee of the whole house on the state of the union reports that the committee has had under consideration the bill h.r. 5055 and reports the bill back to the house with sundry amendments adopted in the committee of the whole. and with the recommendation that the amendments be adopted and that the bill as amended do
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pass. under house resolution 743, the preefer question is ordered. -- previous question is ordered. is a separate vote demanded on any amendment reported from the committee of the whole? if not, the chair will put them engross. the question is on the adoption of the amendments. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the amendments are adopted. the question is object engrossment -- on engrossment and third reading of the bill. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. third reading. the clerk: a bill making appropriations for energy and water development and related agencies for the fiscal year ding september 30, 2017, and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. for what purpose does the gentleman from rhode island seek recognition?
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mr. langevin: i have a motion to recommit at the desk. the speaker pro tempore: is the gentleman opposed to the bill? mr. langevin: i'm opposed to the bill in its current form. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman qualifies. the clerk will report the motion. the clerk: mr. langevin of rhode island moves to recommit the bill h.r. 5055 to the committee on appropriations with instructions the report same back to the house worthwith with the following amendment -- and the defense nuclear nonproliferation account on page 53, line 11, after the dollar amount insert increase by $20 million. and the federal salaries and expenses account on page 54, line 14, after the dollar amount relating to the national nuclear security administration, insert reduce by $20 million. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. the gentleman is recognized for five minutes. mr. langevin: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, the house is not in order. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is correct.
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the house will be in order so hat the gentleman may proceed. members, please cease your conversations. the gentleman is recognized. mr. langevin: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, this is the final amendment to the bill which would not kill the bill or send it back to committee. if adopted, the bill will immediately proceed to final passage as amended. mr. chairman, this amendment is simple. it adds $20 million to nuclear nonproliferation accounts so that nuclear materials do not fall into the wrong hands. the possibility that terrorists or rogue nations will acquire nuclear weapons, fissile material or radiological material that can be used in a dirty bomb are among the greatest threats facing our nation and the international community. right now luckily though there are exceptions, these most dangerous weapons are in the
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hands of responsibility actors. we cannot allow that dynamic to shift and we want to ensure these weapons never fall into the hands of bad actors who would seek to do us or the rest of the international community harm. however, today there is more fissile material in the world than at any other time in our history and the bad actors are taking notice. according to several studies conducted at harvard, at least two terrorist groups, al qaeda and the japanese cult have made serious efforts to buy, steal, or otherwise obtain nuclear weapons in recent years. it is clear evidence that isil would, if given the opportunity, strife to do us great harm. after all, it only takes a grapefruit sized amount of highly enriched uranium to make a nuclear weapon and it is hundreds of metric tons of material out there, some of
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which is still vulnerable to theft. according to reports, isil has been monitoring a senior official at belgium facility by way of example with substantial stocks of highly enriched uranium. we absolutely cannot assume the risk that the united states would be ambushed by a rogue nuclear threat and we must not leave ourselves exposed to a threat that would forever change our american way of life. while we can never protect against every threat, we can, however, mitigate it by working with our international partners, federal agencies, national laboratories, and the private sector to move quickly to secure and eliminate vulnerable nuclear materials. small investments such as the ones offered in this amendment can yield significant national security benefits. by moving $20 million into the defense nuclear nonproliferation account, we would ultimately make our country and the world a safer place to live.
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mr. speaker, congress has worked across the ime on this issue many times before. and we have seen some incredible success stories that have a profound impact on the security of our nuclear materials. during the fiscal year 2012 energy and water appropriations bill, the house approved an amendment by a voice vote no less order by -- offered by congressman fortenberry and congressman sanchez to do exactly what this motion to recommit seeks to do today. their amendment to increase appropriations for the global threat reduction initiative under the defense nuclear nonproliferation account was enthusiastically supported on both sides of this chamber, securing important bipartisan victory for the international effort to secure vulnerable fissile material and keeping our nation safe from the threat of nuclear terrorism. mr. speaker, this house did not cowher when faced with this challenge back then and we must
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not do so today. let us -- let today be another one of those bipartisan success stories. let us redouble our efforts to prevent the proliferation and catastrophic abuse of sensitive nuclear materials and technologies across the globe here at home. i beseech my fellow members adopt this amendment, keep our nation safe, and deny the nuclear terrorists who would seek to do us harm their own success story. with that i yield back -- reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman may not reserve the balance of his time. does gentleman yield back the balance of his time? mr. langevin: i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. for what purpose does the gentleman from idaho seek recognition? mr. simpson: i rise in opposition to the motion to recommit. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for five minutes. mr. simpson: i thank the chairman. mr. speaker, h.r. 5055 is a good bill and invests priorities we can all support
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infrastructure projects, for our districts and energy independence through an all-of-the-above approach. first and foremost, this legislation is a defense bill. $19.44 billion or 51% is dedicated toward our national security. carrying out our nation's nuclear deterrence mission is in part the responsibility of the department of energy while d.o.d. provides the liberty vehicles and operators, d.o.e. provides nuclear warheads themselves. congress provides funding for this critical defense mission through the energy, water appropriation bill. as we drafted this bill we carefully considered 2,700 member requests this. legislation addresses 95% of those requests in one form other another. this included four requests from democratic members to fund nonproliferation programs at the budget request level of $1.8 billion, which this bill does. i agree that nonproliferation is a critical part of our overall nuclear defense
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strategy. we need to do everything we can to keep dangerous nuclear materials away from rogue nations and terrorists. extra funding for d.o.e. nonproliferation programs, however, is not the only way to do this. we must also provide for a strong defense capability and this bill accomplishes that. while i appreciate the passion for the nonproliferation in securing these materials abroad, i would like to seat same passion for securing these materials at home. while the prospect of a terrorist getting hold of nuclear materials in the middle east or africa or east asia is terrifying, the prospect of them getting hold of these materials in tennessee or texas or california is even more so. in 2012, three peace activists, a drifter, 82-year-old nun, and house painter penn traited the security complex in tennessee. supposedly one of the most secure nuclear facilities in the united states. and if they had been terrorists armed with explosives, that scenario would be frightening to imagine. that's why this funding in this bill is critical. the bill increases funding $30
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million above the request to improve security at aging nuclear weapons facilities to make sure our own nuclear materials are secure on our home soil and address a backlog of $2 billion in security upgrades needed at nuclear weapons facilities. in a tight fiscal environment, we need to be making these investments at o our own nuclear facilities not spending american taxpayers to perform work in russia's nuclear facilities. in addition, the bill also continues prohibitions on funding for nonproliferation projects in russia which is spending billions of dollars on its own nuclear modernization. in all of this, -- mr. speaker, the house is not in order. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is correct. the house is not in order. the gentleman is recognized. mr. simpson: in all of this this is a fiscally responsible, economically smart, and critically important national security bill that deserves to be passed quickly without further changes or delays, and i urge my colleagues to vote
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against this motion to support the underlying bill. lastly, let me say, mr. speaker, i appreciate every member of this body on both sides of the aisle for the two days of debate we put in for the amendments that we have debated. the respectful debate that we have had on a lot of important issues. it's been a good debate and i look forward to seeing my colleagues on the other side of the aisle who had some of their amendments adopted now voting for this bill because the amendments that were adopted in the committee of the whole. i would urge my colleagues to vote against this motion to recommit and vote for passage of the bill. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. all time has expired. without objection, the previous question is ordered on the motion to recommit. the question is on the motion to recommit. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, he ayes have it. the gentleman from idaho.
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mr. simpson: i would request the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays have been requested. those favoring a vote by the yeas and nays will rise. a sufficient number having arisen, the yeas and nays are ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. pursuant to clause 8 and clause 9 of rule 20, the 15-minute rule on the motion to recommit will be followed by five-minute vote on the passage of h.r. 55 -- 5055 ordering the previous question object the -- on the house resolution 751 and adopting of -- adoption of house resolution 751, if ordered. this is a 15-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote the yeas are 178. the nays are 236. the motion is not agreed to. the question is on passage of the bill. under clause 10 of rule 20, the yeas and nays are ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. this will be a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning
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institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote the yeas are 112. the nays are 305. the bill is not passed. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid upon the table. the unfinished business is the vote on ordering the previous question on house resolution 751 on which the yeas and nays
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are ordered. the clerk will report the title of the resolution. the clerk: house calendar number 120, house resolution 751. resolution relating to consideration of the senate amendment to the bill h.r. 2577, making appropriations for the departments of transportation and housing and urban development and related agencies for fiscal year ending september 30, 2016, and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on ordering the previous question. members will record their votes y electronic device. this is a five-minute. -- this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 236, the nays are 180. the previous question is ordered. the question is on adoption of the resolution. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes appear so have it. mr. mcgovern: mr. speaker, i ask for a recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: a recorded vote has been requested. those favoring a vote will rise. a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes
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by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 233 and nays are 180. the resolution is adopted. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. pursuant to house resolution 751, the house concurs in the senate amendment to h.r. 2577 with an amendment. he house will be in order.
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for what purpose does the gentleman from kentucky seek recognition? mr. rogers: madam speaker, pursuant to house resolution 751, i have a motion at the desk. the clerk: mr. rogers of kentucky moves that the house insist on its amendment to the senate amendment to h.r. 2577 and request a conference with the senate thereon. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. members are advised to take their conversations off the floor. the gentleman from kentucky is recognized for one hour. mr. rogers: may we have order? the speaker pro tempore: yes, sir.
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members, please take your conversations off the floor. the gentleman is recognized. mr. rogers: madam speaker, i rise today on the motion to go to conference on the house amendment to the senate amendment to h.r. 2577, which was originally the fiscal year 2016 transportation-h.u.d. appropriations act. as amended the legislation now ontains h.r. 4974, the house military construction and veterans affairs appropriations bill of 2017, h.r. 5243, the zika response appropriations act nd h.r. 897, the zika vector
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control act. madam speaker, this is a good package of bills that will ensure the care of our veterans, provide needed resources for our troops and their families and allow for responsible funding and authorities to fight the spread of the zika virus. i urge my colleagues to support this motion so that a conference committee with the senate can begin in short order and so that congress can come to a final resolution on this critical legislation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. without objection, the previous question is ordered. the question is on the motion offered by the gentleman from kentucky. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the motion is adopted. without objection, the motion to econsider is laid upon the table. without objection, the chair
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appoints the following conferees on h.r. 2577. the clerk: from the committee on appropriations for consideration of house amendment and senate amendment modifications committed to conference, mr. rogers of kentucky. ms. granger, messrs. cole, dent, fortenberry, rooney of florida, valadao, mrs. roby, mrs. lowey, ms. delauro, messrs. serrano, bishop of georgia, and ms. wasserman schultz. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the chair appoints the following conferees on senate bill 2012. the clerk: the senate bill and house amendment and modifications committed to conference messrs. upton, barton, whitfield, shimkus,
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latta, mrs. mcmorris rodgers, messrs. olson, mckinley, pompeo, griffith, johnson of ohio, flores, mullen, pallone, rush, mrs. capps. ms. matsui, castor of florida, messrs. sarbanes, welch, ben ray lujan of new mexico, tonko, and loebsack. from the committee on agriculture from consideration f sections 3017, 3305, 4501, 4502, 5002, part 2 of subtitle c of title 10, and section 10233 of the senate bill and sections 1116 and 5013 of division a, division b, and ections 1031, 1032, 1035-1037. subtitle k of title 1, section 2013, subtitles f, m, and q of title 2. and title 25 division c of the house amendment and modifications committed to
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conference. messrs. conaway, thompson. pennsylvania, and peterson. from the committee on natural resources for consideration of sections 2301, 3001, part 2 of tle 2, 3017, 3104, 3109, 3201, 3301-3306. 3308-3312. 4407, 401, 4403, 4405, 4410, 4412-4414, title 5, section 6001, subtitle a of title 6, section 6202, title 8, title 9, subtitles a, b, and c of title 10, parts 1, 2, 3, 4 of subtitle d of title 10, and sections 10341 and 10345 of the senate bill and sections 1115, 1116 of division a, division b,
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and division c of the house amendment and modifications committed to conference. messrs. bishop of utah, young of alaska, police lummis, messrs. denham, westerman, grijalva, and huffman, and mrs. dingell. from the committee on science based technology for considerations of sections 1301-1304, 203, 10,1311, 2301, 2401, part 3 of sib title a of itle 3, sections 3101, 3302, 4001, 403, 3501, 3502, 002, 4006, 4101, subtitle c of itle 4, sections 4402, 4404, 4728, 720, 4721, 4727,
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and 4737 of the senate bill and ection 1109 of title 1 -- 7 of division a and division d of house amendment and modifications committed to conference messrs. smith of texas, weber of texas, and ms. eddie bernice johnson of texas. from the committee on transportation and infrastructure for the consideration of sections 1005, 1016-1019, 014, 22, 3001, 4724, title 7, and section 10331 of the senate bill and sections 2007, 3116, 3117, and 3141 of division a and title 9 of division b subtitle d of title 2 of division c of the house amendment and modifications committed to conference, messrs. hardy, zeldin, and defazio.
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the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business is the question on agreeing to the speaker's approval of the journal. which the chair will put de novo. the question is on acolleague to the speaker's approval of the journal. so many as are in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, the ayes have it. the journal stands approved. for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from -- the gentleman from arkansas. >> madam speaker, i ask unanimous consent that when the house adjourns today it adjourn o meet at 10:00 a.m. tomorrow. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the chair will now entertain requests for one-minute speeches. for what purpose does the gentlewoman from florida seek recognition?
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ms. ros-lehtinen: unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. ros-lehtinen: thank you so much, madam speaker. today i rise to support la leaguea -- liga cancer, the league against cancer, and celebrate its 41st year of service. the league against cancer was founded in miami in 1975 and provides free medical care for children and adults who have no financial means to combat their cancers. the league relies on doctors who volunteer their time to perform screenings and medical procedures. since its founding, more than 60,000 people from 50 different countries have been served by la liga cancer. the telemarathon will take place this saturday, june 4, at the miami-dade county fair grounds and i encourage all south floridians to take note of the great work that the league against cancer has accomplished for our community and consider supporting their
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mission. hank you, madam speaker. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania -- from rhode island seek recognition? my apologies. mr. langevin: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. langevin: madam speaker, this week i was thrilled to participate in the fifth annual foster youth shadow day. it was truly an honor to have and host randy, a young man from my state of rhode island as my shadow. he's a bright young man full of potential despite the many challenges he's faced. he's now studying to become a veterinarian while working full-time. unfortunately success stories like his are all too rare. we need to make sure that every child has the opportunity to reach his or her full potential. this week i introduced the all kids matter act which directs funds to help children and
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families avoid the trauma of foster care placements in the first place and promote's family unity and stability. i'd like to thank congresscome bass from the great state of california for organizing foster youth shadow day and i urge all my colleagues to join us in this endeavor next year. thank you, mr. speaker. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, madam speaker. as we approach memorial day weekend, we learn from the book of wisdom that the souls of the just are in the hand of god and no tournament shall touch them. mr. rothfus: they seem in the view of the foolish to be dead and their passing away was thought an affliction and going forth from us utter destruction, but they are in peace. for before men they be punished yet it is their hope full of
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immortality. chastised a little they shall be greatly blessed because god tried them and found them worthy of himself. as golden in the furnace he proved them and sacrificial official he took them to himself. in the time of their visitation they shall shine and dark about as sparks through stubble. they shall judge nations and rule over peoples and the lord shall be their king forever. those who trust in him shall understand truth-u truth and the faithful shall abide in him with love because grace and mercy are with his holy ones and care is with the elect. as we gather this member more yea day week pped let us always be mindful of those who gave their lives to our country. may god bless them and their families always. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from texas seek recognition? without objection, the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. thank you very much.
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during this season when the american people are selecting the next commander in chief, i'd like to offer that this is a time to discuss the issues of economic opportunity, a time for discussion of furthering health care, working to create the jobs for the american people. this is not the time for the presumptive nominee of the republican party to call for debates that are frivolous and for entertainment. we in the united states congress have to do our jobs. we need to confirm the next united states supreme court, the senate needs to do its job under the constitution. we need to pass the $1.9 billion for the zika virus because right now 200-plus women, pregnant women, are infected with the zika virus here in the united states of america. and one child born with the impact of brain damage, no brain, will cost us $10 million. $1 million a year.
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it is time now that we respond in a responsible manner, and those who are seeking the presidency of the united states must stop the priffleousness and the downgrading of the constitution -- frivolousness and the downgrading of the constitution and the denigrating of the people of the united states of america. i look forward to a vigorous debate and look forward to an election in november befitting the american people. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. poe: madam speaker, jane was above all a survivor. she always rose above adversity. she was a teacher, a music producer, a textile owner, mother, grandmother, and she was happily married, and she married her childhood sweetheart. 31 years after her marriage, her husband took off in the darkness of the night with the property. after 15-year court battle, her ex-husband was ordered to return her assets, but instead of following the court order,
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he struck off again hiding in another state. jane was left with nothing. she was forced to rely on public assistance. and there are many spouses like jane who find themselves victims of this injustice. jane's law provides federal enforcement to retrieve stolen marital property that is illegally taken across state line. it targets stealing spouses who have deliberately evaded payment. jane's motto was don't give up. her passion drove kongman cohen from tennessee along with other house members to champion jane's law. she died recently on april 28, 2016, at the age of 85. she was a strong spirited woman, madam speaker, she died without justice. so to honor her memory we must pass jane's law to rectify this injustice that she had to live through. that's just the way it is. i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from california rise? >> i ask unanimous consent to remove my name as a co-sponsor of h.res. 75 . the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. lee: madam chair, aid like to ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. lee: thank you, madam chair. i rise today to commemorate asian pacific islander heritage month but also highlight the harmful impact of poverty on the aapi community all across our nation. in my home district, the beautiful east bay and across the nation, the achievements of asian pacific americans are front and center. by serving in elected office, advocating for equality of justice, and creating new businesseser they are an integral part of our vibrant community. but far too many asian pacific americans are just making ends meet. it is a struggle. and the american dream seems far out of reach. the sad reality is that in 2016 poverty rates for asian americans is over 12%.
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and this problem is getting worse. since the great recession, the aapi community has had one of the fastest growing poverty rates in the nation. there are also enormous disparities in health care access, treatments, and outcomes. too many asian pacific americans still lack the fundamental human right that is health care. as chair of the democratic whip task force on poverty, income, and equality and community, i will continue to fight to help all hardworking americans. all hardworking americans, including the asian pacific american community, achieve the american dream. thank you. i yield the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, madam speaker. i rise today to commend my colleagues for passing h.r. 897, the zika investigator act. this legislation works to remove duplicative and costly permitting requirements that
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create barriers to fighting the zika virus. barriers put in place by one of america's most political agencies, the e.p.a. another classic example of the federal government fighting problems in every solution. now is not the time to nitpick policies for politically charged reasons. mr. allen: the zika virus is a public health emergency which deserves our immediate attention. this is close to home for me, my youngest daughter is in her first trimester with her third child. we need an all hands on deck approach to deal with zika. we cannot let it get caught up in washington politics. summer months approaching rapidly, we need to harness our resources and work to wipe out this virus. i would hope we can all agree the federal government should not be making it harder for people to kill mosquitos that could be carrying the zika with pesticides. i strongly support this legislation and i encourage the administration to change their position on this legislation. the public health deserves it.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from michigan seek recognition? >> permission to address the house for one minute. mr. benishek: today, i rise in celebration of our servicemen and women, past and present with memorial day right around the corner there is no better time to remember the people that have kept our nation safe. yesterday, i was proud to welcome a u.p. honor flight of veterans to the world war ii memorial and thank them. i'm deeply touched to meet and enjoy their smiles and joy humility when i see their faces when they see the memorials erected. memorial day is when we remember the heroes that defended our freedom and thank the families that have borne the painful
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loss. we need to care for those who came home. we made progress at the v.a., but we can do better. our veterans deserve better. i'm committed to breaking down the barriers to high quality veterans' health care. to all our veterans and service members on behalf of the citizens of michigan's 1st district. i say thank you. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from arkansas seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the gentleman is recognized. >> i rise today to congratulate the con degree dation on its 150th anniversary in little rock. established at the close of the civil war, it was founded by jewish immigrants in the united states.
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jewish immigrants have enhanced our state and nation and the first jewish federal judge in the united states. it was the founding member for reformed judaism. the congregation is a strong link to the civil rights movement and in the heart of has e rock, benai israel been a beacon. i would like to extend my congratulations and wish continued success for the generations to come. i yield back the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? mr. thompson: request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and stepped my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman is recognized. mr. thompson: madam speaker, i rise in recognition of national mental health month which is being observed during the month
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of may. according to the national alliance on mental illness, approximately one in five people experience mental illness in any given year. it is responsible for loss earnings of $200 billion each year. mood disorders including depression and bipolar disorder are the third most common cause of hospitalization in unions between the ages of 189 and 44 years old. we are drawing efforts to help those who are suffering. as someone with a back grouped in the mental health care industry including as a therapist and licensed nursing home administrator, this is very important to me. i signed on as a co-sponsor declaring may as mental health month and improve legislation in congress for people all across
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this nation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from west virginia seek recognition? >> request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> thank you, madam speaker, i rise today with a heavy heart and with profound sadness to remember a west virginian ben hatfield who we loss last sunday. born and raised in williamson, he knew the value of hard work and went into the mines to pay for college and continued his work in mining for the rest of his life. he was a mentor to so many in the coal community who remember him as a friend and as a brother. he cared deeply about giving back, donating anonymously to
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many charities and causes and he was a man of deep faith. attending river ridge church and supporting the ambassador christian academy. ben lived for his family. for more than 12 years he stood by his wife debey as she battled cancer. you might say he never left her side and was with her until the very end when she lay waiting for him. i send my prayers to his children, his mother, his brothers and sisters and everyone who called him a friend. ben will be laid to rest this weekend. we will miss you. may you rest in peace. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from indiana seek recognition? >> address the house for one minute and revise and extend. the speaker pro tempore: without objection.
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the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> madam speaker, i rise today to recognize a uniquely hoosier event that will be taking place this weekend in honor of those who have given the ultimate sacrifice. every memorial weekend since 1911, hundreds of thousands of race fans have come to speedway indiana and millions more have tuned in to partake in what is called the greatest spectacle in racing. this year marks the 100th running and gives a chance for indiana to showcase our hospitality to the world. every weekend when i head back to indiana, this weekend, it will be a wonderful event to be back home again. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition?
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>> request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. farenthold: thank you, madam speaker, i rise today disgusted with the secretary of the v.a. this week compared veterans waiting in line for health care to waiting in line at disney. people don't die waiting in line for space mount mountain. the secretary said that we care about the overall experience like disney does. guess what? disney cares about wait time. there is an app for that. i can get on my phone and tells you it takes 90 minutes to get on space mountain. the v.a. needs to take an example. they are legendary for their customer service, their efficiency and the fact that they never say no to anyone. our v.a. right now is a national disgrace. despite congress passing
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numerous laws giving the v.a. everything they asked for including billions, our veterans are waiting for the health care they earned. it is absolutely imperative that the v.a. do learn from disney and we have got to get the president and the secretary of the v.a. to deal with this national disgrace. americans, our veterans especially, deserve better. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> permission to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. lamalfa: thank you, we recognize memorial day the last monday in may and remember those who gave their lives. recognition of the sacrifice began following the civil war. and remains as significant as ever. from the revolutionary war to operation enduring freedom, from
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vietnam to today's struggle against isis, americans have dedicated their lives protecting freedom at home and abroad. as we con tom plate this weekend, we need to remember what this really looks like for those we are truly remembering, a group of us were able to visit this morning out at arlington and take that in and remember that sacrifice as we laid a wreath and unique opportunity to visit with spouses of those entombed there. and see what that feels like. they were grateful just for our visit and also for people across america take pause and remember and be grateful and say thank you to those gold star families that will never be able to repay. we ask god's blessing on those families. yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: the chair lays before the house a communication. the clerk: the honorable, the speaker, house of representatives, sir, pursuant to the permission granted in clause 2-h of rule 2 of the u.s. house of representatives, the clerk received the following message from the secretary of the senate on may 26, 2016 at 8:52 a.m., that the senate agreed to senate joint resolution 28, with best wishes, i am, signed sincerely, karen l. haas. the speaker pro tempore: the chair lays before the house a communication. the clerk: the honorable, the speaker, house of presentatives, sir, i luis gutierrez is submitting my ress nation. it has been a privilege to serve on this committee whose work and service is vital to the security
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of the united states and oversight over the department of defense and intelligence community safeguards the civil liberties and safety of all americans. stepping down from the committee will allow me to commit to other constituents and allowing to serve on this important committee. serving on the intelligence committee has been one of my greatest honors while in congress and i'm deeply grateful to have had the chance to serve in this capacity. gutierrez. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the resignation is accepted. under the speaker's apolicy january 6, 2015, the gentleman from oklahoma, mr. russell, is recognized for 60 minutes as the designee of the majority leader. mr. russell: thank you, madam speaker. ince december 15, 1791, nearly
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225 years, our congress has operated under the constitutional requirement to do the following, amendment 1 of the bill of rights to the constitution of the united states of america. congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or proper hhibbletting the -- prohibitting the free exercise thereafter or abridging the freedom of right or the press and petition the government for a redress of grievances. i'm saddened, madam speaker, in that our current day, the greatest assault on free exercise of religion is being perpetrated seemingly by those most responsible to protect it, those who are sworn to uphold the law. we're still, we see our armed forces whose regular singular purpose is to support and defend
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the constitution, now being used as the vehicle to subvert the very document that they risk their lives to defend. in a recent example, we have seen executive guidance with regard to religious corporations, religious associations, religious educational institutions and religious societies placed in jeopardy. more than 2,000 federal government contracts a year are awarded to religious organizations and contractors that provide essential services and many vital programs. now, many of these services are being impacted due to conflicting, ambiguous executive guidance. here are some capitals. chaplain services, multiple organizations provide chaplains and related services to the military and other government agencies. chaplains have faced significant religious liberty challenges in
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pursuing contracts with religious education directors, musicians and other providers who add hear to the teachings of their particular faith. without protecting free exercise of religion, chaplains have been forced to hire people that work directly against their teachings and faith. this is a clear violation of the first amendment. here's another example. refugee service providers. the vast majority of refugee and suffering population relief is done by religious service organizations. i have worked with many on battlefields in my time as a career soldier. because because of bad agency guidance, now these agencies are facing mounting liability under grants, contracts and cooperative agreements. sadly, when these organizations cannot partner with the government, the relief of human suffering just goes away,
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seldom being replaced. the groups under assault are often the best, if not the only, organizations able to offer the assistance they perform, doing invaluable work to relieve the suffering, aid the returning combat warrior, assist in the rehabilitation of substance abuse for those not adjusting well and many other such services that have been going on for many decades. to curtail the blatant discrimination against these groups, i offered a simple amendment to protect them under existing law which passed in the national defense authorization and that existing law upheld is the 1964 civil rights act and the 1990 americans with disabilities act. you would have thought i would have killed someone's mother. instead of upholding the free exercise clause of the first amendment, we have now seen this body continue its assault on faith in america. it is not enough to level
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accusations of injustice by some, they will not be satisfied until their assaults people of faith -- we are accused of hatred, called out as shameful on this floor and joined to use the whole constitution to support an imposing view that not only violate our conscience but have been prohibited under the laws of nature and nature's god. in the last 50 years, we have seen the constitution used by these ideologues to kill american children in the womb, eliminate family structure, elevate behavior over belief, redefine marriage and assault into silence and inaction any who may oppose them. not satisfied, we see them without rest on their quest to
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exercise free exercise of faith in the united states. do we really want a nation without god? they would call it progress, yet our conscience knows different. the apostle paul explains why when he said this. quote, for the wrath of god is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and righteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness. because what may be known of god is manifest in them. for god has shown it to them. for since the creation of the world his invisible attributes are clearly seen. being understood by the things eternal ade even his power and god head. so that they are without excuse. because although they knew god, they did not glorify him as god. nor were thankful but became futile in their thoughts and
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their foolish hearts were darkened. professing to be wise, they became fools. therefore, also god gave them up to uncleanness in the lust of their hearts to dishonor their bodies among themselves who exchange the truth of god for the lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the creator, end quote. the creator. our nation has always been anchored in the creator. from its inception throughout our history, god has been the foundation of our republic as seen in the sweeping lines of the declaration of independence when it drove our founders to proclaim, quote, the separate and equal status to which the laws of nature and nature's god entitled them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impale them to separation.
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we hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights. among these are life, liberty nd the pursuit of happiness. end quote. that life, liberty and pursuit of happiness could not be realized without god in our republic. george washington spoke for all americans in his first inaugural address that, quote, no people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the invisible hand which conducts the affairs of men more than the united states, end quote. our nation's survival and prosperity in the future were understood to be dependent upon faith. when washington left office in the most remarkable peaceful transfer of power the world had seen, he warned of a future
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that somehow supposed that we could have order and prosperity without faith. in his last address to the nation he declared, quote, of all the dispositions and habits which lead to the political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensible supports. in vain would that men claim the tribute of patriotism who would subvert the great pillars of human happiness, these firmist props of the duties of men and citizens. the mere politician, equally with the pieas man, ought to -- pias man, ought to respect and morality can be maintained without religion, it cannot. end quote. none of the founders of this country believed that a governmental connection to religion was an evil in itself. they oppose the establishment of a national religion because it could prohibit the free
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exercise of faith, but that faith would and should be freely exercised. this same foundational belief extended to a prohibition of a national press so that it could express freely so people could speak and assemble freely and that their grievance would not only become known but redressed. this was embodied in the first amendment of the bill of rights. the framers of our constitution understood that restriction on religious conduct should not be from application of general laws but rather should be applied to those laws that target religion. laws that substantially burden religion, even if they are generally applicable must be justified as the least restrictive means of achieving a compelling interest. the same day the bill of rights 1787, oduced, july 13,
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this congress also introduced the northwest ordinance that laid guidelines and instruction on new territory acquired for a future united states. article 3 of that ordinance stated, quote, religion and morality and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind schools and the means of education shall be forever encouraged, end quote. forever be encouraged. some in this body today, madam speaker, would believe forever stops in 2016 and should have stopped much sooner. they claim that congress grants these inalienable rights and uses the powers of the government without the consent of the governed to regulate and diminish faith and eliminate it from public life. in 1798 in response to the claim that congress could
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regulate first amendment freedoms without abridging them, james madison condemned it saying, quote, the liberty of conscience and the freedom of the press were completely exempted from all congressional authority whatever, end quote. every constitution of our 13 original states and all therefore following their example understood this and embodied such language in their state constitutions which survive today. new york, article 1, section 3, quote, the free exercise and enjoyment of religion profession and worship without discrimination of preference should forever be allowed in this state to all humankind, end quote. new hampshire, article 5, quote, every individual has a natural and inalienable right to worship god according to the dictates of his own conscience and reason and no subject shall be hurt, molested or restrained
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in his person, liberty or state for worshiping a god most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience or his religious professions, sentiments, end quote. vermont, article 3, quote, that all persons have a natural and inalienable right to worship almighty god according to the dictates of their own consciences and understanding, as in their opinion shall be regulated by the word of god and that no persons ought to or of right can be compelled to attend any religious worship or erect or support any place of worship or maintain any minister contrary to the dictates of conscience nor can any person be justly deprived or abridged of any civil right as a citizen on account of religious sentiments or particular motive for religious worship and that no authority can or ought to be vested in or assumed by any power whatever that shall in any case
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interfere with or control the rights of conscience in the free exercise of religious worship, end quote. massachusetts, part 1, articles 2 and 3, quote, it is the right as well as the duty of all men in society, publicly and at stated seasons to worship the supreme being, the great creator and preserver of the universe and no subject shall be hurt, molested or restrained in his person, liberty or estate for worships god in the manner or season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience or for his religious profession or sentiments as the happiness of the people and good order and preservation of civil government essentially depend upon piaty, religion and morality and these could not be generally diffused othrough a community but from the institution -- or through a community but from the institution of the public worship of god and of public
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instructions and piity, religion. connecticut, article 1, section 3, quote, the exercise and enjoyment of religious profession shall be free to all persons in the state, end quote. rhode island, article 1, section 3, quote, whereas almighty god have created the mind free and all attempts to influence it by temporal punishments or burdens or by civil incapacitations tend to beget habits of hypocracy and the ancestors in their migration into this country and their settlement of this state was as they expressed it to hold forth a lively experiment that a flourishing civil state may stand and be maintained with full liberty and religious concernments. we, therefore, declare that no person shall be compelled to frequent or to support any religious worship, place or ministry, whatever, except in
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fulfillment of such person's voluntary contract. nor enforced, restrained, more lesed or burdened in any body or goods. nor disqualified from holding office. nor otherwise suffer on account of such person's religious belief, and that every person shall be free to worship god according to the dictates of such person's conscience. and to profess and by argument to maintain such person's opinion in matters of religion. and that the same shall in no wise diminish in large the civil capacity of any person. end quote. pennsylvania, article 1, sections 3 and 4, all man have a natural and right to worship almighty god according to the dictates of their own consciences. no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship or to maintain any ministry against his consent. no human authority can in any case whatever control or interfere with the rights of
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conscience, and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments or modes of worship. and no punishments shall on account of his relingous sentiments be disqualified to hold any place of trust or profit under this commonwealth. end quote. new jersey, article 1, sections 3 and 5. no person shall be deprived of the privilege of worshiping almighty god in a manner agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience. nor for any pretense whatever be able to go to a place of worship. nor should a person be obliged to stay ties, rates for building, repairing any church or churches, place or places of worship or for the maintenance of any minister or ministry contrary to what he believes to be right or has deliberately and voluntarily engaged to
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perform. there shall be no establishment of one religious sect in preference to another. no religious or racial test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust. no person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil or military right nor be discriminated against in the exercise of any civil or military right nor be segregated in the militia or in the public schools because of religious principles. north carolina, all persons have a natural and inalienable right to wore ship god and no human authority shall in any case control or interfere with the rights of conscience. maryland, article 36, quote, that as it is the duty of ever man to worship god, all persons
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are equally entitled to protection in their religious liberty. no person ought by any law to be molested on account of his religion, profession or religious practice, nor shall any person otherwise competent be deemed incompetent as a witness or a juror on account of his religious belief provided he believes in the existence of god and such person will be held morally accountable for his acts and be rewarded or punished either in this world or the world to come. virginia, article 1, sections 11 and 16, that religion, quote, the duty, which we owe to our creator and the manner of discharging it can be by reason and conviction and therefore all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion according to the dictates of con
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shens and -- conscious and all those to practice love and charity towards each other. all men shall be free to maintain their opinions in matters of religion and no diminish their civil capacities. it shall be free for every person to select his religious instructor or make a private contract such as he will please. south carolina, article 1, section 2, quote, the greater general assembly shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting. and last among them, the state of georgia, article 1, section 1, paragraph 4, no inhabit ant of this state shall be molested public perty or holding
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office because of their religion. these are still in effect. all speak of exceptions on maintaining the peace and safety of each state. forever, forever be encouraged. that's the way it was phrased. is that where we stand today? shall religious freedom, the hallmark of columbia's shores continue to be forever couraged or do we who are so humbly honored to serve in these chambers now just step aside and see the supports of religion and morality and not from under our foundation. madam speaker, i cannot be silent. since i was 18 years of age, i have pledged to support and defend the constitution of this
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great republic. i have been moved by conscious and dictates to speak out against the coercion of people of faith who are being discriminated against because they merely hold to the laws of nature and nature's god. our institutions once based on the creator of life have now appointed themselves to usurp the authorities of god, who is the author of life, marriage and family. the most elemental sovereign unit, our families, has been destroyed by our foolish decisions. we are told instead by those of us that murder is not murder. marriage is not marriage. family is not family. we have allowed constitutional constructs to kill a child and call it a choice.
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we have seen behaviors and private sexual preferences promoted to public display while what is constitutionally guaranteed to be expressed, religion is now being publicly prohibited. highest n at its level, has taken a position against god. is it possible if that be the case that we can form a more perfect union? can we establish justice absent the giver of law? can domestic tran quilt be assured when we abandon his precepts? can we provide for a common defense? how do we promote the general welfare when every american is nain choired adrift.
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do we suppose we can secure the blessings of liberty without him? can those of our posterity expect to obtain his blessing without acknowledging his existence? so, madam speaker, like our forebearers, i cannot be silent. my faith directs that i act with love and civility and gentlemanly manner. as a warrior on battlefields, i have seen the worst that human beings have to offer, but my optimism is secured by eternal hope and everlasting truth. my conscious speaks to god's eternal being, so i'm without excuse. his love and mercy cannot be separated from those that answer this call. and i take sole ace in the words of christ when he encourages,
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quote, blessed are you when they revial and persecute you and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for my sake. rejoice and be exceedingly glad for great is your reward in heaven. for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you, end quote. and like the founders of our nation and framers of our great constitution, i speak with many as a representative in this august body with a firm reliance on the protections of divine providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. so, madam speaker, i will stand
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with joshua, when he said, quote, and if it seems evil to you to serve the lord, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, but as for me and my house, we will serve the lord, end quote. i stand with the apostle paul when he said, quote, putting away falsehood, let each one of you speak truth to his neighbor for we are members of one another, for we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against the spiritual host of wickedness in the heavenly places. take up the arm our of god that you may be able to withstand in the evil day and having done all to stand, stand.
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so i ask america who will stand with me? madam speaker, i yield back my ime. the speaker pro tempore: under the speaker's announced policy of january 6, 2015, the chair recognizes the gentleman from texas, mr. gohmert, for 30 minutes. mr. gohmert: inspiring to hear my friend, mr. russell, speak such inspiring words. and it's interesting, the book from which he kept quoting is the best seller book of all time
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and it also happens to be the most quoted book in u.s. history here in both the house and senate. ere was a time when most legislators felt it was helpful to getting legislation passed if they had a versus of scripture from the bible that supported their position. then we arrive at the point today where if someone in ongress makes the statement in uoting jesus himself when he discussed marriage and divorce and was asked about it, that he, god, made male and female -- haven't you read, don't you understand, he created male and
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female so you would have to believe if you supported the agenda that was exhibited today, that jesus didn't know what he was talking about because god not only created male and female, he created a lot of question marks, like the cartoon somebody did of a doctor holding a newborn and the mother asking, what did i have? and the doctor says, the baby hasn't decided yet. we have come so far, we thought we had advanced so far and yet said there is nothing new under the son. justice ginsburg said we know so much more now than we used to know. that's in some ways, but in the
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nature of human nature, things haven't changed. things from 3,000 years ago, just as abraham lincoln said in quoting scrupttur are just as true today as they were 3,000 years ago and 2,000 years ago. that's why lincoln quoted them. when we get to the place of a nation that truth isn't important, everything is relative, there is no absolute unqualified black and white, stice, injustice, then our prisons fill up. we have more people committing suicide than ever, you have more people using drugs, trying to escape by using drugs, you have all kinds of problems in schools
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and in society. things are turned upside down because the society loses its way. since there are no absolutes, everything's relative. but as c.s. lewis pointed out at led him from being an aetheist to believing in god was poking fun at christians, saying, wouldn't it be easier to admit there cannot be a just god, when there is so much injustice in the world, after doing that for years, this brilliant man finally realized, if there were no just god, if there were no absolute in the universe, standard of justice and injustice, right and wrong,
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if that standard did not exist, then i would have no way of knowing whatsoever that njustice even existed. a man he illustrated, lind from birth -- if a man is blind from birth, then he would not ever know what light was like. if there were no absolute standard of justice in the universe, we could never know when there was injustice. we just wouldn't know the difference. but there is that standard and as he points out, although some have a more heightened understanding of justice and injustice, of fairness and unfairness and some of those standards differ, it doesn't
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mean the standards don't exist any more than the fact that some people can hit a musical note more closely than others and just because somebody doesn't hit it exactly the same does not mean the music does not exist. . we're told the cures of the problems of society is if we start letting people out of prison more sooner, and then people misrepresent and mischaracterize the reason why people are in prison in order to justify having a massive prison break that's authorized by the president of the united states. he's already authorizing prison breaks from guantanamo bay and is continuing to do that.
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there was an article from "national review" by shawn kennedy this week says, the truth about sentencing reform act is scary and not a reason to support it. the article -- that's the subtitle. the title is "our prisons are crowded because we have a lot of criminals." but the article points out, mandatory minimums are for real bad guys. in texas, as in many states, we have what we call ranges of punishment. if you do something wrong, you commit a felony, for example, then depending on how serious that's been judged to be, it could be a state jail felony, third degree felony, second degree, first degree being most serious. actually, capital felony would
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be the most serious where the death penalty is authorized under certain, very strict conditions. but for noncapital, there is a range of punishment. an example, third degree, minimum of two years, maximum of 10 years. second degree, minimum two years, maximum 20 years. a first degree, you're looking at a minimum of five years, maximum of life or 99 years. some say we should not have those minimums and certainly not a mandatory minimum that says you can't go below this point. for some of us, you're saying we got to get rid of the bottom and e range, but as we saw with the circumstances that motivated the original sentencing guidelines in federal court 30 years or so ago, we had federal judges
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appointed for life, completely unaccountable, that would face some heinous, despicable act and then give a very light slap on the wrist. so congress came back and said, look, we're going to have some sentencing guidelines and keep udges within these guidelines. there was nothing wrong with that as long as you give a judge some discrimination or some ability to discrimination between more serious and less serious, some ability to use .udicial decisionmaking but over time we've seen the serious crime rates go down -- murders, assaults, rapes. a lot of those numbers have
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gone down for sometime and they were the result, not of society becoming more lawful and concerned but actually just enforcing the law more strictly . society has taken a turn for the worst as we have continued to say through the media, through entertainment and through congress, everything's relative. there's no absolutes. well, the founders knew there were some absolutes. they knew that the only way we could ever be considered to have rights that government could not take is to make clear that our rights do not come from the government. the government is the protector of the rights that came from our creator.
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because once a people decide your rights are given by the government, then obviously the government can take them away. but if those rights come from our creator, as our founders made very clear in the declaration of independence, then the government is supposed to protect them and not let anyone take them away. that's why it was a bit heartbreaking to hear the president say -- i believe he was in hawaii -- but saying this week -- oh, no, he was in a foreign country at the time, but he was explaining that in the united states we have these founding documents and they indicate that we are endowed with certain inalienable rights. -- nt ahead and rewrote
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actually omitted the most important words of that line in the declaration, nowhere it just said we are endowed with certain inalienable rights, but we are endowed by our creator. he just failed to mention endowed by our creator. maybe it bothers him to say that, i don't know, but he left it out and there is the problem when people who are in leadership of the government of the united states think that they are the source of their rights. the oral argument in the little sisters of the poor case should have gotten more note right than they got because some of the positions taken by president obama's attorneys were absolutely outrageous. the indications basically were
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that the government can tell potentially even a church which religious beliefs you can practice and which you're not allowed to practice. the government has that right, which would mean those rights didn't come from our creator, they came from the government. so the government giveth and the government will take it away which makes it very consistent with what the president just said in the last few days in eliminating that our rights were endowed by our creator. ere was no accident in the first part of the bill of rights, first amendment, having to do with religious liberty. congress shall maybe no law in respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the
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free exercise thereof. they knew if that freedom is abridged in any way, the rest of them will not matter. once the government, for example, recognizes secular humanism as the official religion of the united states, then it can dictate to people of all faiths exactly what they can believe and disbelieve, and that's exactly what has happened. there's a prior supreme court case that in the footnotes lists the different religions in the united states. secular humanism was one of them. secular humanism does not recognize a creator. there has been so much misinformation and miseducation of our young people. people told that ben franklin didn't believe in god.
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you have to be totally fraudulent in your representation of benjamin franklin to tell any student that when he said in his own words, which were later illustrated in his own handwriting exactly what he said when he spoke in 1787, the end of june, to the constitutional convention imploring them they needed to be praying when he told him, we've been going for nearly five weeks with more nose and eyes on virtually every vote. how has it happened, sir, we have not once thought of having the father of the lights to imlume nating. in the contest of great britain when we were sensible of danger, we had daily prayer in this room. our prayers, sir, were heard and they were graciously answered. he went on and eventually said,
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i have lived, sir, a long time. he was 80 years old. he had gout. he had arthritis very bad. he was overweight. he had trouble getting up and down, but i have lived, sir, a long time, he said. the longer i live, the more convincing proofs i see of this truth. god governs in the affairs of men, and if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, is it possible an empire could rise without his aid? he said, we've been assured, sir, in the sacred writing that unless the lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it. hat is the basis on which this nation was built. we were endowed by our creator with certain inalienable rights.
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and franklin knew what the declaration of independence said. it was adams who told jefferson basically, you do the first draft, you know, in essence, you're the best writer we got. it was adams that jefferson showed the first draft to and then they both showed it to franklin. apparently franklin made some delineations. it was brought up for debate. some things were knocked out behe knew exactly what was -- but he knew exactly what was important in that declaration that would stand as the building foundation for this nation for our rights and when that foundation is cracked, when parts of it are eliminated, the building on which it stands would no longer stand. and that is the kind of erosion that's occurred. and when the federal government of the united states can tell the little sisters of the poor,
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these incredibly ethical, loving, caring, giving women who devoted their lives to helping others far more than anybody in this city in government, and people in this city would tell them, no, you cannot practice your religious beliefs because we're secular humanists and we will tell you, you cannot believe and practice what the bible tells you. the bible says -- of course, moses said it came from god. that's why he's right up there as the only full face image in this whole room of lawgivers, considered the latest lawgivers of all-time. moses is the only full face because he was considered for most of our history to be the
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greatest lawgiver of all-time. this is the guy that says it's coming from god but a man shall leave his mother and father, a woman shall leave their home and the two will become one flesh. and when jesus was asked about it, he said, haven't you read? don't you understand? god made them male and female. didn't mention question marks. these are people we need to the nd encourage diagnostics have pointed out these are mental disorders. these are people that remember to love, encourage, help every way we can. for among educated, compassionate people for our civilized history, people -- a man that didn't know which he loved, itied,
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couraged but educated people said, that's perverse. that's basically the most perverse is the most widely used. and now we have a government that says, forget what the bible says. forget what moses said. forget what jesus said when he quoted moses verbatim and then added, and what god has joined together, nobody should separate. jesus you don't believe was part of the holy trinity, , do you unders did really want to leave this life and potentially, whether you believe in a judge, a maker or not, say, i don't think you
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were serious when you said those things about marriage? i don't think you were serious. you just weren't smart enough to know that he didn't just create male and female. i mean, i really wonder how many people in this body who had the ultimate power to decide whether humidity would go forward or not, whether it was an asteroid coming, something that would end the humanity on earth as dinosaurs were ended at one time. ok, we got a spaceship that can go, as matt damon did in the movie, plant a colony somewhere. we can have humans survive this terrible disaster about to befall. if you could decide what 40 people you put on the
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spacecraft that would save humanity, how many of those would be same sex couples? you are wanting to save humankind for posterity, youcally a modern-day noah, can preserve life, how many same sex couples would you take from the animal kingdom and from spacecraft toon a perpetrate humanity and the wildlife kingdom? that's why it's been called part of the natural law, natural law iven by the creator. but when we continue to abolish the first words of the bill of
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rights, first amendment and we continue to prohibit the free exercise of religion, we don't have much longer to go. jonathan khan has a great book, interesting, dialogue could be a ttle stronger, but the harbinger is thought provoking secular, the a united states just as the founder said, was founded by the grace of god and as an instrument to bless the world. this nation, even for those that have not recognized the exceptional nature of the united states, it's still a fact.
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you can't find nations throughout history that have done what this one has where we have sent our best and brightest and our most valuable commodity, american blood, sweat, toil and fought for the freedom of others . we have fought to protect others, not just ourselves. you don't find nations through history that did that. this nation had, because they believed there was a higher power. they believed our rights come from our creator, and we have an obligation to that same creator. and this nation has spread goodness around the world despite those who would say otherwise. it has happened. we have been the most generous, charitable, helping, loving nation in the history of the
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world. we have more opportunities, more assets per individual than even solomon's israel. we have been blessed beyond measure. but khan makes a comparison to the ninth chapter of isaiah, long after sall, long after david and solomon we come to 732 b.c. and by that time israel is divided into two parts, the northern kingdom of israel and the southern kingdom of judah is where israel was and it is scary when you look at the things that are parallel to that time and god's telling isaiah, look, the people i have blessed, i have provided more than anyone else, hey turned away from me so i allowed them to come in and
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attack and harm them and i pulled back the hand of protection and they were knew as the true fathers of terrorism and came in and attacked and went back to asyria. and god's telling isaiah, i have given them a warning to turn back to me and man i know for 90 days, churches all over america were packed after 9/11 and they said, never mind, god, we don't have to worry anymore, we got this. and god said, they didn't turn back to me and 10 years later, allowed them to come in and wipe them out. the southern kingdom continued to turn away and over 100 years later aallowed them to be attacked as a warning. they didn't heed the warning. now they got 19 years, about 19
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years before god withdrew his hand of protection and allowed the children of israel to be taken into exile and the nation of israel ceased to exist, northern and southern of judah, ceased to exist because they wouldn't turn back. now if jonathan khan is accurate in that comparison, well, we are beyond 10 years since that warning and maybe people who believe there is a god and believe as our founders did as ben franklin said in talking about the bible, quoting it and as jefferson did and the quote that is still engraved in his memorial, he trembles for our country when he realizes god's just, but he's not going to remain silent forever, well, the
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southern kingdom got 19 years after they got their warning and then god let them go. tough times are upon us. we have a president that's now got an agenda to release more murderers, killers, haters of america to go forth and continue to kill and murder. i know some people say it's been 15 years. they got to be released. the way it's always worked among civilized nations when it came to prisoners of war, when someone declared war on a nation or a people and some of those warriors were captured, they were held in a civil manner, those at held until war said we are no longer at war, then the prisoners were released unless they committed war crimes, for which they could
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be tried. at any time in the last 15 years, all of them could have been released unless war crimes were committed if their friends, their allies said ok, we are the muslim brotherhood, btherhood, no longer at war with the great satan, united states. we want peace. we won't be terrorizing and attacking you and trying to destroy your way of life anymore. we're done. that's when they cease the violence against the united states. we can release the prisoners unless war crimes were committed and then at that point, you try them for the war crimes. this president's jumping the gun. they're still at war and as muslim leaders in the middle east and africa have asked me, why is it you don't understand that radical islamists, the muslim brotherhood has been at
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war with you since 1979 and you are helping them. iran is the greatest supporter of terrorism. you're helping them more than you are willing to help us. what's wrong with you? and the answer is we have turned away from the creator, the source of our rights and our blessings and maybe god -- i believe god exists for those who think he does, maybe they are exists, the od question is, does he love us more than he loved jerusalem? because if he does, it's doubtful. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? mr. gohmert: i ask unanimous consent that it be in order any
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time on wednesday june 8, 2016 for the speaker to declare a recess subject to the call of the chair for the purpose of receiving in joint meeting his prime minister of india. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. so ordered. for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? mr. gohmert: i move that we now adjourn. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on the motion to adjourn. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it and the motion is adopted. accordingly, the house stands adjourned until
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in campaign news, the associated press declared donald trump has earned the support of enough delegates to earn the nomination at the republican convention in july. he was put over the top by a number of unbound delegates who told the ample p. they would support him. among them, oklahoma republican chair, pam poller. it takes 1,237 delegates to win the republican nomination. donald trump has won 1,238. and with 303 delegates at stake
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in upcoming primaries, he'll pad his total. we're on the campaign trail with mr. trump tomorrow in san diego. he'll be speaking at a rally there ahead of their primary. watch it starting live at 5:00 p.m. eastern. hillary clinton is campaigning in california, she'll be at a rally in san jose today. live coverage here on c-span. and on c-span3 today, we'll have senator bernie sanders at an event at ventura college, live t 4:00 p.m. eastern. >> madam secretary, we proudly give 72 of our dell fwat votes to the next president of the united states. cheers and applause]
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>> a live picture from the national press club here in washington, d.c. we are stand big for remarks from dr. tom frieden, he's director of the u.s. centers for disease control and prevention. he's expected to address the zika virus outbreak, he'll discuss the late thoennes virus and what can be done to prevent it, he may also touch on what the house and senate have been doing to prevent the virus. we expect this to start in just a moment.
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>> good afternoon, welcome to the national press club. my name is thomas burr, i'm the washington correspondent for the "salt like tribune" and the 109th novet national press club. our guest is tom frieden. i'd like to welcome our c-span and public radio audiences. i want to remind you, you can follow the action on twitter using #npclive.
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now it's time to introduce our head table. i'd ask you each to stand breechly as your name is announced. please hold your applause until i have aintroduced the entire table. rom the right. carolyn block, publisher of federal telemedicine news. erdos alfarooq, medical device reporter. sylvana. dr. ed mccabe, chief medical director for the march of dimes. our past president of the national press club. skipping our speaker for now. doris mar fwmbings olis, the press club member who arranged
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today's event. thank you, doris. dr. ed ellenger, president, association of state and territorial health officials and commission ore of this eminnesota department of health. allison fitzgerald cojack, health correspondent for npr and chair of our board of governors. jared rizzy,, for xh sirius satellite radio. dr. charles snyderman, reporter for audio-video news. and dr. mike smith, washington represent for a pharmaceutical company. thank you all. [applause] today we welcome to our podium expert in safeguarding the health of the american people, dr. tom frieden, director of the u.s. centers for disease control and prevention. he's especially concerned these days about the growing threat that the zika virus poses for the health not only of americans but also for the world's population. as many of you know the zika
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virus can now cause severe birth defects. microcephaly, did i say that right? that results in babies born with small heads and underdeveloped brains and other problems. t's also also been linked to guillen-barre syndrome that can result in paralysis and death. three months ago, the world health organization declared the zika outbreak an international emergency of concern. as of mid may, the c.d.c. reported it's monitoring 279 pregnant women in u.s. states and territories for possible zika infection and the agency increased its testing capacity for the virus in the u.s. as the summer mosquito season begins. frieden has been director for the centers for disease control and prevention for seven years. a physician with training in infectious disease,
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epidemiology, i'm going to just go with that one, he has worked to control health threats from infectious diseases, respond to emergencies and bat they will leading causes of suffering and death in our nation and around the world. among the priority he is has tasked the agency to do are, improving health securities globally. by preparing for, detecting, rapidly responding to, and preventing health threats such as disease and mike roball resistance, food-borne diseases and health care acquired inphoenixes, reducing the leading causes of death and illness among meshes due to tobacco use, uncontrolled blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, motor vehicle safety, prescription drug overdoses and h.i.v. and aids. strengthening public health collaboration by integrating public health and health care. before being appointed to head the agency, he was a c.d.c. disease detective. he conducted -- investigations including outbreaks of measles,
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typhoid, and multidrug resistant due tue, below sis. while working in india for five years as a c.d.c. assignee to the world health organization, he assisted with tuberculosis control efforts. they've treated more than 10 million people and saved more than three million lives. before joining the c.d.c. he was commissioner of the new york city health department where he directed that effort by reducing the number of spokers -- smokers by 350,000 and cut teen smoking in half. frieden is a graduate of observer lynn college and received his medical greg and masters of public health degrees from columbia university he completed infectious disease training at yale university. today is the fourth time he's spoken at the national press club speaker lunon. -- luncheon. please welcome to the national press club podium, dr. tom frieden. [applause] mr. frieden: thanks so much, tommy. thanks, doris, for arranging this. thanks to the national press
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club for this venue. it's great to be back. when an earthquake hits we understand the need to respond. now, imagine if you had the power to stop an earthquake. we together, using the tools of public health, have the power to stop the health equivalent of many earthquakes that happen around the world. the latest challenge we're dealing with is zika. this is unprecedented and tragic. it has been more than 50 years since we've identified any pathogen that can cause a birth defect. and we have never before identified a situation where a mosquito bite could result in an infection that causes a devastating birth defect. it is unprecedented.
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it is tragic. and it is now proven. we know that zika causes microcephaly and other birth defects but there's an enormous amount we dent know. we're still learning more, literally every day about what zika causes and how to prevent it. the top priority is to protect pregnant women. and that focus has to be our guiding principle for our work everywhere there is risk for zika. memorial day weekend herleds the start of mosquito season in the u.s. we have a narrow window of opportunity to scale up effective zika prevention measures and that window of opportunity is closing. i want to spend a moment to recognize a remarkably generous donation by bayer to the c.d.c. foundation to support a
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comprehensive program to confront the zika threat in puerto rico. bayer is making a very substantial donation that will enable us to do a number of things that control mosquitoes, to support women who choose not to become pregnant during this time with effective, modern contraception, they also are one of our spon so far as the zika action plan summit at c.d.c. where ed was present along with 30 other state officials, accelerating the work to protect people in this country. it's an example of the public sector, the private sector, philanthropic sector coming together effectively and doing together what none of us could do as effectively alone system of i'd like to round of applause for ray carrons and newfoundation c.e.o. monroe for their important work. [applause]
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it has been less than five months since we first saw conclusive evidence that zika may be the cause of microcephaly. in those five months we've learned an enormous amount and i'll take you through 10 things we have learned in those five months. first, it is an extraordinaryly complex response. in fact, of all the responses i have overseen, it's probably the most complex. we have involved almost every single part of c.d.c. we've had more than 1,000 of our staff involvedful. whether it's mosquito controlled or vie roling or sexual transmission or obstetrics or newborn care. many, many parts of our agency are fully activated to support the response. second, it's now clear that zika causes microcephaly and other birth defects. i vividly remember sitting with our chief infectious disease
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pathologist and having him show me the special stain he is had done to show the zika virus actually invading the neural tissue of newborn infants and destroying it. this is a horrible thing to see. it is just the kind of thing you would never want to see and yet to understand that when a child is born with microreceively, it's not because the skull was malformed, it's because the virus destroyed the brain cells and the skull collapses around -- collapsed around the demolished or devastated brain. it's a horrible situation. third, we have now seen clear evidence that even asymptomatic infection with zika during pregnancy can result in microcephaly and four out of are ases of zika
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asymptomatic. they don't know. ourth, zika certainly causes guillain-barre. what's so unusual about that is the threat to pregnant women. five, dige noticing zika is hard but we've made enormous progress. c.d.c. laboratory scientists have optimized tests so we now have a rapid, highly sensitive test that can be used in urine or blood that can detect the virus in someone who is acutely infected accurately. we've also made them and disseminated them to 100 labs around the u.s. and nearly 100 countries around the world. 've also improved the c.d.c. test to try to test for recent infection. it's not perfect but it's the best test out there.
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as well as a more complex test to try to determine which of several similar infections the person may have had. we've provided more than a million of those tests. so testing is hard but we're making progress. six. controlling this mosquito is really hard. it's the cockroach of mosquitoes. it lives indoors and outdoors. it bites in the daytime and nighttime. it's eggs can last for more than a year. they can hatch in a drop of water. in parts of the u.s., and puerto rico, they're highly resistant to certain insecticides. they prefer people so they generate -- they generally spread disease among people and when they take a blood meal they will often bite four or five people at once. so they're capable of rapidly spreading the infection. there is no example of effective control of this mosquito in the modern era.
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and i vividly remember in a trip to puerto rico our lab team had set up laboratories, hatched the mosquitoes and were testing them for resistance. we put them in a bottle coated with insecticide and we see whether they're knocked down or not. and to see them in a bottle that had been coated with what should be a very effective insecticide happily flying around minute after minute, hour after hour, shows us how important it is that we improve the methods we have of controlling mosquitoes. seventh. there are also other routes of transmission. we did not expect this. -- we did not expect that sexual transmission would be as common as we've seen it. we have 10 documented cases in the u.s. we've never had sexual transmission of denghue or west nile but in zika it can spread sexually. that adds a new level of risk and a new message that if your partner is pregnant and you've been in an area with zika, use a
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condom. also blood safety. theoretically it's possible that there could be transfusion-associated zika. that's why we're grateful for roche and the f.d.a., they've come out with a terrific, highly sensitive test that is already being used in puerto rico to screen the blood supply to keep the blood supply safe. puerto rico has a particular challenge, they were debt a bad hand by nature when it comes to mosquito borne diseases. the risk is still to pregnant women but it is an enormous challenge in puerto rico. we're continuing to see women infected with zika in puerto rico and very concerned about what the coming months will hold. ninth. the rule of globalization and urbanization is crucial. we have at least 40 million visits from the u.s. to places around the world where zika is spreading. we're not going to stop the world because we want to get
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off. globalization and global travel has a lot of benefits, economic productivity, in interchange among people, in the ability to do what we do in the world. but it does also have the nevittability of bringing risks closer to home. disease threat anywhere in the world may be just a plane ride away and the greater urbanization of the world is also facilitating outbreesks yellow fever in the ebola epidemic, it was the first time we had seen urban spread of ibo ma, which was enormously challenging to control. finally, i'd like to say a word about the remarkable innovations going on through c.d.c. scientists, doctors and other researchers. we often think of c.d.c. as the agency with boots on the ground, working 24-207 protect you, and we are that. but we also have developed new tools, new diagnostics, using cutting edge technologies of
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virus-like particles and chimeri viruses. we've developed new traps that are effective and actually can knock down the spread of diseases, spread like zika, by half, very simply, at a low cost. and now we're going to see if that can be implemented on a broad scale. and we've been working for many years on a new class of insecticide that appears to be nontoxic, food trade, smells a bit like grapefruit and may be as effective as deet. we'd like to see how quickly we can get that to the market. rapid cycle approaches, innovations, are going to be crucially important to protecting ourselves because the mike robes are changing and -- the microbes are changing and we need to adapt also. we are learning more each kay. we still don't know what proportion of women who are infected with zika will give birth to an infolked child. we don't know what proportion of the infants born without microreceively will have some impact -- microcephaly will have
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some impact later in life. it may be months or decades before we know that we don't know why some women are more affected but we're working closely with colombia, brazil, and the u.s. to learn. the quicker we learn the better we can protect american women. public health emergency, speed is critical. a day, a week, a month can make all the difference. when ebola -- when ebola was getting out of control in july of 2014, said that we needed 300 ebola beds in west africa. 100 in each country. and we needed them within 30 days. it didn't happen. and within a few months we needed 3,000 beds. the fact that we can, today, potentially prevent dozens or hundreds or even even thousands of birth defects make this is an enormously urgent challenge.
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at c.d.c. we are the centers for disease control and prevention and we have the national center for birth defects and developmental disabilities. and the experts there tell me that in their 30 years of working on birth defects, they have not had a situation this urgent. i want to particularly thank dr. mccabe from the march of dimes and his colleagues for all they're doing to really make clear how extraordinaryly unusual and urgent this situation is. we now know that there are more than 300 women in the u.s. including territories who have evidence of infection with zika and that number will only increase. we need to ensure that we have the resources needed to treat this emergency as it should be treated and if you just look at the definition of what an emergency is for supplemental funding request, it has three categories. it has to be unexpected. this is not only unexpected, it
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was -- it's completely unprecedented. it has to be catastrophic. and if you talk to any family of a child born with a severe birth defect, there could be no better or more exact definition of a catastrophe. and it has to be permanent damage. sadly, damage to developing brain is as permanent as anything. when we began preparing the emergency supplemental request, it was a high level meeting i was at and there was some discussion on how it would go, what we would do and i asked, well, how long is this going to take? and they said, oh, it's moving very quickly. probably three months. and my jaw dropped, literally. three months in an epidemic is an eternity. zika threatens that too many parents will have to have the experience of not seeing their child grow to their full
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potential. graduate. get married. go to school. and we need to make sure that all of us are doing everything in our power to minimize the number of families affected. we're not going to eliminate zika in the near future. it's going to be a challenge. but we can reduce risk. we can protect women. and to do that, government funding is essential. private funding is essential. philanthropic funding is essential. congress did the right thing with ebola. and i hope in the end they will do the right thing with zika. and they'll do that without making us stop a battle in one part of the world to fight a battle in another part of the world. you don't stop fighting terrorism in the middle east to fight terrorism in africa. one of the things we had to do because -- when we found out it would be at least three month farce supplemental was to borrow money from other parts of c.d.c. that includes emergency preparedness dollars that go out to all the states to deal with
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things like leading the response, doing lab test, tracking for outbreaks, responding to the health effects f natural disasters. we had to take $50 million of that money. ut we had no choice. we have to take money and use it , trusting we'd get it back from congress, and ebola is not over. the most recent cluster emerged when a man who had survived ebola 15 months earlier had sexual relations with a woman. she developed ebola as a result and she died. her family members died. it ended up spreading to two countries. we had to start five command and control centers. we had to upgrade 50 facilities
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to be able to diagnose ebola. we identified over 1,500 contacts all emerging from one ase. and the outbreak wouldn't spread. and we were able to stop the outbreak. but if we let down our guard it could come roaring back. and that same dynamic of letting it spread for a few days or weeks and then it takes months or years to control could have occurred. we're also, with the funding that congress provided for ebola, making excellent progress on a critically important initiative called the global health security agenda. this is about stopping outbreaks there so we don't have to fight them here. i was on the phone with my team in uganda a few days ago and really encouraged to hear the kind of thing that's going on. they have had an outbreak of
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yellow fever in uganda. a few years ago, they had an outbreak of yellow fever, it spread widely, killed a lot of people and was a huge problem. now they identified it quickly, controlled it quickly and were able to do whole gee noem sequencing and rapidly realized it's not related to the angola outbreak. we're in a new world of being able to find and stop threats where they first emerge and the better we do that, the safer we'll be at home. and that's another part of the ebola supplemental dollars that need to be protected. we can't be letting down our guard in one place to fight another battle. we also need to make sure that there is enough money in the supplemental so we can do the projects that are going to be hard but have to start now. understanding all of the effects of zika on women and the infants who are born. developing better diagnostic tests so we can figure out if someone has been infected in the past. we don't currently have the ability to do that.
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using our current mosquito control tools in a mix and match way to figure out how we can knock down the mosquito enough to protect women and infants. and developing new vector controls as well as a new vaccine. none of these are easy, none of them will be quick. but the sooner we start the sooner we can have an answer. i also do think that we have to be very clear about what we can and can't do in zika. at c.d.c. we always try to tell it like it is. we don't sugar over the truth. we will tell you what we know, when we know it. we'll tell you what we don't know what we're trying to do to find it out. within literally days of reviewing that slide that showed the zika virus invading the fetal and also infant tissue, we issued a travel advisory on january 15 saying that pregnant women should not travel to places where zika is spreading.
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i can't tell you exactly how many pregnant women didn't travel for that reason, i can tell you that of the 300 women who we know of with zika infection the great majority traveled before that time. so we believe that that public health action has prevented cases of zika. that means that babies whose names none of us will ever know will grow up healthy because we took the duty to warn seriously and we did it promptly, as soon as we had sufficient information to take public health action. now, it's been pointed out that just in recent years, we've had n1, ebola, zika, we've had mirrs, h5n1. we don't know where the next health threat will come from. we don't know when it will come. we don't know what pathogen it will be.
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but we are 100% certain there will be a next one. and it's our responsibility to be as ready as we possibly can be. and the two key areas for that are the global health security agenda, building up the capacity of countries to find, stop, and prevent health threats and putting in place an accountability framework so that the whole world can know which countries are ready, what they're not ready for, and help for those countries that dent have the resources. it's in all of our interests to help build up those resources. for those providing the assistance to know if our assistance has been effective with an objective accountability framework. and we also need to ensure that we can surge in when country capacity is overwhelmed. at c.d.c. we've scraped together existing resources to create what we call the grit, the global rapid response team.
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we currently have more than 300 staff rostered for this. we have 50 people on call at any one time. we've already deployed them at least five times to deal with ebola, zika, polio, yellow fever, and they've spent more than 600 days in the field helping out with local response system of we've begun doing things. but we lost time fighting ebola because we couldn't immediately move rapidly. and i fear that we're losing time with zika because we can't move as rapidly as we we -- as wode like to. congress did the right thing with ebola. i hope they will do the right thing with zika and they will d it soon. there's been talk that some of this should happen in the 17 process. this isn't an either-or issue. the senate bill doesn't fully fund the administration request. if some of that were rolled into the 2017 process that would be a god thing to. -- too. we have to be sure we pay back the money we borrow and have money to respond effectively. interestingly, i've been hearing from both sides of the aisle,
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both houses of congress, interest in thinking about new ways to do things, including having some form of public health disaster rapid response resource. this has sometimes been called a fema for public health. it would need to cover both domestic and global. it would need to have not only some resources available but authorities. authorities make a big difference. there's good reasons for the administrative procedure that we follow in the government but they don't always match with emergencies. in the zika response, for example, we've been authorized to use what's called direct hiring authority. as a result, we have more than 70 people who joined c.d.c. to work full time on this. that makes a big different. one of our lessons, internally from ebola is that we wore our staff out. we had 4,000 staff work on ebola. 20 staff work on ebola in regular time. 1,400 people went to west
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africa. they spend 75,000 work day there is. we didn't have any serious injuries, we didn't have any ebola infections, but it was exhausting for the staff. we need to bring new staff onboard. zika won't be a one month or one-year problem. we need to get people working on it now who will be able to work on it long-term. there are administrative authorities as well as funding. kevin mccarthy in the house, dr. cassidy in the senate have both spoken about this issue. i don't know whether it will happen, how it will happen, but i do know if we have money and mechanisms in advance, it minimizes the need for us to run to congress for supplemental and do something outside of the usual process. it allows us to put our focus where it should be, on adapting rapidly to the response. one of the key characteristics of responding to infectious disease threats is you have to adapt the response. with ebola, for example, we rapidly realized we needed a phased response when it was out of control. we need to deal with safe and dignified burial first.
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better care next. then rigorous contact investigation and tracing. and that phased response allowed us to first break the back of the epidemic and then mop it up, clean it up, protect communities and keep it in check. there is the ability to change the shape of the epidemic curve in public health. but the sooner you get there, the more dramatic impact you can make saving lives and ultimately reducing costs. now, it is as some have noticed near the end of a second term of the administration. i've had the incredible privilege to lead the c.d.c. for the past seven years. that marks about 20 years i've been working at c.d.c. and i'm still learning the great things that our dedicated staff do. they continue to inspire me and humble me with their sense of mission, their expertise, their creativity, their hard work, their intelligence, c.d.c. is a great buy for the federal dollar.
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the taxpayers get their money's worth. people work hard. and are committed to what they do. and we've made a lot of progress. not just stopping ebola but in other areas as well. i thought since i'd given an earlier list of 10, i'll give a list of 10 things that we've done that have helped americans be safer and healthier. one, we've made progress and in all of these i would say not successes but progress, because there's still more to do. one, we've made progress reducing the number of health care associated infections. one of the most serious of these, mrsa in intensive care units is down by half. more to go but americans alive today because we along with c.m.s., hospitals throughout the u.s., doctors, have improved practice. second, we've begun using whole gee noem sequencing to find -- fwmbings enome sequencing to find and stop outbreaks faster. this allows you to trace the
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path of pathogen in a way we never could before. we did a proof of principle with liss tier ark sequencing every ice lat in the country. as a result we found contaminated food before we would have found it otherwise. we got it off the shelves and today there are meshes alive who would have died if that hadn't happened. we went to congress three years ago saying this was our top priority, they funded it and americans are alive today as a result of their foresight in doing that. three, tobacco use. just announced this week, smoking is at an all-time low in the u.s. 15 bnt 1%. still a leading preventable cause of death but millions of americans don't smoke who smoked just seven years ago. the tips from former smokers campaign that c.d.c. ran, the first ever national paid campaign against tobacco, has been incredibly effective. it has helped about 400,000 americans smoke and helped change the conversation about smoking.
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it has saved hundreds of millions of dollars in health care costs. and the cost per life saved is a tiny fraction of what's usually used as a benchmark. four, motor vehicle accidents or injuries, i should say. motor vehicle deaths, dropped sharply until 2013. we have to look at more recent trends which are concerning, but motor vehicle crashes are an example of what we can do when we come together as a society and we think about how we attack a problem from all angles, law enforcement, community action, design, road design, industry, coming together to make driving much, must have safer. five, teen pregnancy. the lowest rate ever. down 42% since 2007. all too often, teen pregnancy perpetuates poverty in a community. so the decline in teen pregnancy has many positive ramifications throughout society. six, h.i.v. we've been promoting testing and now a greater proportion of
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people with h.i.v. know they have it. it used to be that only about one in five people living with h.i.v. didn't know they have it. now it's about one in eight. progress. polio. number seven. we're closer to eradication than ever. when i began, when we began the effort in 19 8, there were 350,000 children disabled each year by polio. last year, there were 74. this year, so far, 17. when i began at c.d.c. director, didn't look like we could get over the finish line in india. we surged into india and got to zero. india got to zero. incredible effort. they put in $1 billion to polio eradication. then we said, if india can do it, nigeria should be able to do it. we surged into nigeria and that polio eradication infrastructure in nigeria stopped ebola in nigeria as well. it has great, great benefits for all.
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now the challenge is getting over the finish line in afghanistan and pakistan and we're close. whether or not it will happen this year langs in the balance, but it can. eight. haiti. you don't often hear haiti and progress in the same sentence. but little known, since the earthquake, we have indeed helped them build back better. they have introduced new vaccines that will save more than 40,000 children's lives. and though you wouldn't think of the word elimination of a disease and haiti in the same sentence, they are on the path to eliminate three terrible diseases, malaria, which we think can be eliminated from haiti and hispanola. filarisis, a and terribly disabling disease. nine, pep farr. started in the previous administration -- fepfar.
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started in the previous administration, continued in this one has made great strides afpblet the global initiative, we have many countries involved making the world a safer place. imagine if the c.d.c. were fully funded, how many earthquakes and hurricanes we could stop. there are still major, unfished pieces of business. i'll mention fourth, opiate overdose continues to be on the rise and is devastating families and communities. cardiovascular disease is still our leading killer, yet we could control it for very little money. we should be able to do much better than we do preventing and preeting high blood pressure and other leading causes of heart disease. three, antibiotic resistance. we risk being in a post-antibiotic world and that wouldn't just be for infections that you think of as bad infections, pneumonia and urinary tract infections.
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that's bad enough. that could be for the 600,000 americans a year who need cancer treatment. for whom we just assume we'll be able to treat infections. we may lose that ability. just a few hours ago, the department of defense released information about a woman with no travel outside of the u.s. who is the first documented human case in the united states of having a urinary tract infection or any infection with an organism resistant to every antibiotic, including the last one we have, coliston. it was an old antibiotic, but they was last one we had left for the bad bacteria. what the defense department did, they took organisms that were resistant to c.r.e., and they tested them for resistant to that. in the first six they did, one was reus setant. and this patient hadn't
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traveled. they'd done just three weeks of testing. and we know now that the more we look, the more we're going to find. and the more we look at drug resistance, the more concerned we are. we need to do a very comprehensive job protecting antibiotics so we can have them and our children can have them. we need to make new antibiotics but we need better stewardship and identification of outbreaks we'll lose these miracle drugs. the medicine cabinet is everyity for some patient. it is the end of the road for antibiotics unless we act urgently. ourth, we need to do better at building and openly assessing rapid response capacity around the world. again that global health security agenda. where countries aren't prepared, we're at greater risk. the work is far from finished. one thing that will bring us further along are connections. connections between the health care system and public health. between global and u.s. health.
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between the immediate needs and long-term needs. between the public, nonprofit, an private sectors. and in all of those kecks, what's going to drive progress is the fundamental concept of accountability. never being afraid to ask, how much difference are we making? are we succeeding? are we getting the results we need? in the private sector if you don't make a profit you change your business model. in the public sector, unless you have an accountability frimework, you may not be able to correct what you're doing fast enough to protect people well. now, i'm often asked huh i feel as c.d.c. director, dealing with things like ebola and zika. and of course in the heat of the moment, you're mostly concerned about getting the job done. concerned about something or fear about something getting out of control. worry about being able to get the support, the inspiration of dealing with staff who are so
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focused on what they do. but for me, when faced with emergencies like this, the greatest emotion has been frustration. imagine that you're standing by and you see someone drowning and you have the ability to stop them from drowning but you can't. now multiply that by a thousand. or 100,000. that's what it feels like to know how to change the course of an epidemic and not be able to do it. for any reason. because of challenges in implementation or funding or administrative details, to challenges to work with partnership with other organizations. right now, the current crisis is zika.
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we need a robust response to protect american women and reduce to the greatest extent humanly possible the number of families affected. we don't know who those children will be. we don't know where they will grow up. but anything we don't do now we will regret not having done later. and if we don't take this opportunity to learn the lessons and establish some sort of facility whereby we can respond immediately and surge in when there's a problem, we won't be fully prepared for the next emergency. and we know there will be a next emergency. most of the time in public health we do our work silently. or in the background. all of us are here, healthier today, many of us here alive today, because of things that public health did that we may not think about. whether it's a vaccination or safe water or safer environment.
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public health keeps us safe, healthy, and productive. now, imagine that you could stop an earthquake. in public health, we have the ability to stop many of the health equivalents of earthquakes. you have that ability. you not media. you in the philanthropic sector. you in public health. you in the corporate sector. in fact, public health is everyone who protects the public health. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, doctor. you said that the microbes are
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changing. is there concern that the zika virus is mutating in ways that would make it even more concerning than it already is? mr. frieden: we don't understand why we're seing this with zika for the first time. there are four different possibilities, maybe the virus changed. we looked at the genome, it hasn't changed much, but we don't understand the genome fully. maybe it was happening in africa for years and we weren't looking so we didn't realize it. it may be that it was so rare it didn't occur often. or it may be that it was so common that women were infected before childbearing and therefore you didn't see it. we just don't know. these are some things we need to find out going forward. >> given the forecast for a fairly hot summer and as you might have seen a lot of recent rain, what are your current expectations of how many pregnant women in the united states might get zika this year and how many zika-related cases of fetal defpkts might we see in the u.s.?
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mr. frieden: for zika, we will ok at how two other viruses, denghue and chicken fever spread. it may not behave the same as those but if it does we expect to see some things. first, zika associated with travel. we have more than 500 cases in the u.s. those are generally symptomatic cases. 40 million visitor you do expect a lot of travel associated cases. in puerto rico and the u.s. territories, where those two diseases spread rapidly, unfortunately, the likelihood is that within a year we will see hundreds of thousands of infections. so that is a real concern. in other parts of the u.s., including hawaii, we've seen yet a different pattern of zika spread -- of dengue spreading,
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and if zika spreads that way it could spread for months and be difficult to control but at a low level. in parts of the southern u.s. like florida and texas, we've seen clusters of dengue. in the past they have not been widespread, they've been focal, and the local governments, local areas have been effective at doing mosquito control to prevent widespread transmission. that's the most likely scenario in terms of see chasm we do expect there will be some spread through mosquitoes in some part of the continental u.s. we do work closely with the state and local entity there is to try to keep that to the absolute minimum. that's one reason we need robust resources to ensure we are doing everything in our power to minimize the risk to american women. >> there doesn't seem to be much news, if any, about zika infection, zika infected people in europe or asia or africa. could you help me understand what's going on there. >> we have seen, for example --
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mr. frieden: we have seen, for example, sexually transmitted zika in parts of europe. we're really not sure what's happening in asia. it may be that zero ka -- that zika has been around for so long people are immune to it, or it may be they will have a large outbreak. only time will tell. that's one reason we need really good monitoring systems in place to track what's happening. when we improve monitoring systems, it's like civil aviation. if the wole world does iting to, the wole world is safer. that's one thing we have to continue to strengthen in global health. >> there's a large event happening in brazil this summer. if you were in charge of this year's summer olympics, what would you do? cancel it? move toyota a safer place? postpone it? mr. frieden: there's no public health reason to cancel or delay the olympics. our recommendation about travel is a recommendation regardless of why you travel. we say if you're pregnant, don't go somewhere where zika is spreading. if you have to go somewhere where zika is spreading be
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careful about moss key to bites. if you're a male in a place where zika is spreading and your partner is pregnant, use a condom. i think there's risk to delegations going and athletes is not zero but the risk of any travel isn't zero. but the risk is not particularly high other than for pregnant women. some have said, well, so much travel to the olympics, it might spread the disease. we've looked at this. travel to the olympics would represent less than one quarter of one percent of all travel to zika affected areas. even if you were to say the olympics twornt happen you'd still be left with 99.75% of the risk of zika continuing to spread. the fact is, we are all connected. by the air with breathe, the water we drink, the food we eat. and the planes we ride on. it is a world where interconnection is the new normal and rather than try to stop the world because we want to get off, let's take steps to make as much of the world as safe as possible for all of our
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safety. >> from what i understand, it seems there are only six states in the united states that are still zika free, having not reported any cases. alaska, idaho, north dakota, south dakota, washington, and wyoming. what do those states have that the others lack? mr. frieden: fewer travelers from zika-affected areas. and just a matter of time before they also have some cases, i think. >> let's get to funding for a second. have you been prevented from doing anything as a result of congress not yet acting on emergency funds for zika? mr. frieden: we have been able to get a start on things that are needed immediately for the zika response. what we haven't been able to get started on are some of the longer term projects we have to start now that are going to take time. you know, there's the old say, the best time to plan to treat is 20 years ago. the second best time is today. we haven't been able to plant those tree, the went -- we haven't been able to do the work to come up with better diagnostics, better mosquito
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control strategies, to do that in the robust way we'll need. >> so keeping on funding for a second. how do you respond to claims, especially by many congressional republicans, that the administration's $1.9 billion request is vague, incomplete, or could result in blank check or as some call it a slush fund. mr. frieden: for the c.d.c. component of the administration it was $828 million. we have a line item. it is our best, most honest estimate, of what we need to fight the epidemic. it may be under for some areas where the drug resistance results came back, insecticide resistance results, some of the alternative insecticides cost two or three times as much. if other things do things in different ways, it may be less than that. but that's our best estimate of what we need for c.d.c. the senate compromise, bipartisan proposal, funds nearly all of what c.d.c. requested. and would allow us to have a great start. really, the two things that are
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key are please reimburse the money we borrowed because it's still needed to fight emergencies including in the u.s. and overseas and second, make sure we have enough resources and authorities to protect women as effectively as we possibly can. >> other than the public health emergency preparedness fund, what specific program has the c.d.c. had to cut in order to pay for zika? mr. frieden: there are a couple of things going on. one, as you mentioned, we took about $50 million from the public health emergency preparedness program, not because we don't like that program or it's not important. it was one of the only places we could go where we were allowed by congress to redirect 10% of it. so we took 10% of it, put it to zika, that meant that states like ed's got less money, are getting less money, and they have to deal with, can they pay their staff who are doing emergency preparedness? can they respond to outbreaks?
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that's one piece we very much hope we'll get restored. the second that we use, c.d.c. we had some doctors that were programmed to fight ebola in liberia, sierra leone, and gi nee. in 2017 and 2018. because it's five-year money. we said, we have nowhere else to go so we'll take the money from there but we need it become to prevent ebola from coming roaring back. >> let's talk about prevention here. what's your view on the use of mosquito repellants with deet especially by pregnant women. what repellants would you recommend? mr. frieden: deet when used as directed is effective and safe. one thing we've done in puerto rico with support from the companies that are here is to distribute zika prevention kits, z.p.k.'s. we've distributed about 10,000 of them. there are about 32,000 pregnancies in puerto rico per year.
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we're getting close to reaching a large portion of the at-risk women. and we're finding great interest. the challenge is not so much are they safe but are they effective. because you've got to apply multiple times in a day. you've got to apply indoor and outdoor. what we're looking at is a comprehensive program that deals with screens and killing larvae and getting rid of breeding sites, killing adult mosquitoes, it's what i call the four corners approach, inside, outside, adult mosquitoes and lar value mosquitoes. we have new tools that are exciting. i mentioned earlier that the trap which killed female mosquitoes, there are other products which e.p.a. rapidly approved which we'd like to get into field trials in puerto rico in the next few weeks. the challenge is there's no magic bullet to get rid of this mosquito. it's stuff. and we need to try a comprehensive approach, drawing together the different tools that we have and figuring out
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what works. >> what's the timeline is there a timeline, for a vaccine for genetically modified mosquitoes, for an effective anti-zika viral drug? mr. frieden: i think for all these research priorities, you have to, one, go full steam ahead in developing them, seing if they work, but two, not assume they're going to be here and be here soon. so the most promising is a vaccine. immunity to zika appears to be long lasting and potentially lifelong. so in theory, making a vaccine against it should work. and the vaccines being try odd are killed vaccines, so they won't result in infection. initially we weren't quite sure if the microcephaly caused by zika would be an immune response so a vaccine would have the potential to make it not protected. but it's clear it's a virus
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attack. a vaccine could work, should work. but it's at least a year or two before we know if it's safe and effective. that's often optimistic in terms of vaccines. n.i.h. is doing terrific work. they've got five different vaccine candidates. they expect to be in phase one trials in september. phase two trials next year. depending on how those guy, we could have a vaccine in a couple of years. we can't count on it. even if we do, there will still be other mosquito-borne diseases. we need new classes of insecticide. we need new ways to control this mosquito. >> you're talking about powerful insecticides, aren't there other health effects of using those? mr. frieden: it's important to use any product safely. whether it's insecticides or repellants, larvacites, or pesticides that kill adult mosquitoes, there has been important technological advancement in recent years.
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we know more about ultra low volume spraying, about the particle size that's mesketivive -- effective for mosquitoes and will minimize toxicity. how to apply and where to apply. there are parts of the u.s. that that are doing excellent work on this and we're learning from them. so there are technological advances. there is nothing that is risk-free in life. so it's always going to be a balancing act. but applying things effectively is going to be a way of minimizing risk, especially in a place that has a high risk in puerto rico. i think you'll find that any community that there are some people who want more spraying and some who want less spraying. so part of that is a community discussion. ard part of that is trying to get facts out there of what are the potential risks and what are the potential benefits. >> you talked about puerto rico. what is the impact of the debt crisis there had on fighting this? mr. frieden: it hasn't made it easier.
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puerto rico is faced with a very challenging situation, not just economic and political, but also in the health care context. their medicaid program has deep problems and it's unable to pay physicians. one of the things the c.d.c. foundation is working on is a way to reimburse physicians for the care they provide for women who choose not to become pregnant during this time. it's making an incredibly difficult situation even harder. >> what level of confidence do you have that the virus persistent blood and semen for weeks or months or years? mr. frieden: there are a few things we know. virus persists in blood for only about a week. in urine for about two weeks. in saliva for about a week. that's been studied. semen is an unknown. there have been reports of virus persisting not necessarily live virus but at least parts of the vie us -- virus for up two months. we've seen long persistence in
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ebola. those studies need to be done they take six to 12 months to do at best and we still may not know of the outlier situations where maybe someone who has a different coarse of infection as occurred with the recent ebola clust for the west africa. we have to recognize we have many, many things we don't yet know in see chasm we give the best available advice based on the most recent and best available information. >> could you have zika and not development symptoms? should anyone who has been in a risk zone get tested? mr. frieden: about four of five people -- people infolked with zika don't recognize any symptoms. the challenge with testing is we don't have widespread, widely available testing for past infection. past two or three months we don't have any testing to see if you've been infected. so we need industry to come to the table and develop a new test. we need base exscience to advance to try to develop those
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tests. they're not easy. this is not an administrative or operational problem. this is a scientific problem that's very, very difflet to do. there have been efforts to do this for many years that haven't been successful. so we have scientific challenges and that's also one of the areas we want to begin that long-term work, the sooner we begin it, the sooner we'll have answers. >> before i ask the last question, i have a few announcements. the national press club is the world's leading organization for journalists. we fight for free press worldwide. for more information visit our website at i'd also like to remind you about upcoming programs. june 13, girl scouts of the u.s.a.c.e.o. will speak at the press -- of the u.s.a. c.e.o. will speak at the press corps lunon. the next day, michael middleton, university of missouri's interim president will speak here. the next day, june 22, labor secretary tom perez will cap off
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for me what will be a 40-hour three-day work week. now i'd like to present our guest with the national press club mug. this is your fourth visit so you now have a full set. [applause] for my last question, sir, your job is to protect the health of americans but we all have our vices system of my question is, what is your guilty pleasure? fletflix, chocolate? mr. frieden: desserts, i have to say. i love sweets. and you know, it's ok to like things that aren't healthy. everything in moderation, including moderation. sometimes people think that public health is about telling people not to do things that are fun. but actually, i'd rather think of public health as helping people identify the sweet spot, identify things you love doing, whether it's walking or dancing or walking the dog or playing basketball, that are healthy and
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help you to live a longer, healthier life. we're about empowering. empowering means if you go about your business, you don't have to worry about getting killed by a resistant bacteria or having a child with a terrible birth defect. public health is about helping public health is about helping us all live healthier when we just go about our business and do what we want to do. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, we are ageorge bushed. -- adjourned. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016]
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>> if you missed any what have did have frieden had to say, you can watch this appearance on our website, congress is moving forward with an approach to address the threat of the zika virus. today before they left for their 10-day break for the memorial holiday, members approved a motion to go to conference with the senate on funding for zika research. they also voted down the energy and water bill. live coverage of the house here on c-span.
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house speaker paul ryan held his weekly briefing with reporters a short time after the house vote sessions wrapped up. he dealt with zika legislation and the failure of the energy and water projects bill. ryan roberts i want to start with something -- mr. ryan: i want to start with something that's on the minds of american americans, long linals at the airports. people i represent spend far more time at airports than they would like to. this is unacceptable. yesterday the homeland security committee held a hearing with the t.s.a. administrator. that was a chance to get some answers for the public and to better figure out how we can be better prepared. but there are things that we can do about this problem right now.
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precheck lanes process twice the number of passengers. this also enhances security because we're pushing more known and trusted passengers through these lanes. so we have passed this precheck bill in the house. and i hope that the senate will act soon, especially ahead of the busy summer travel. ok. i want to talk about the vote we just had on the energy and water appropriations bill. when i became speaker, one of the commitments i made to our members and to the american people was to open up this process. that means having more members crblet. it means more amendments from both sides of the aisle. it means fewer predetermined outcomes and, yes, more unpredictability. early on i stood up here, you remember this, one of my first press conferences, and said that some bills might fail. because we're not going to tightly control the process and predetermine the outcome of everything around here. well, that's what happened here today. it's unfortunate because this is a very good bill. it improves our energy
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infrastructure, it enhances our national security, it uses the power of the purse to stop harmful regulations. but what we learned today is that the democrats were not looking to advance an issue but to sabotage the appropriations process. the mere fact that they passed their amendments, then voted against the bill containing their amendments proves this point. that said, we remain dedicated to working on this bill and on all of our appropriation bills. in fact, we just moved to go to conference committee on military construction and veterans affairs funding as well as resources to fight the zika outbreak. so we are not slowing down here. we will talk to our members about how best to move forward to maintain a functioning and workable appropriations process. and we will continue with an appropriations process. we will use the power of the purse to protect taxpayer dollars. and we will use the power of the purse to hold this administration accountable. this work is just far too
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important for these tactics. reporter: mr. speaker, i'd like to ask you about an act passed yesterday regarding the d.c. appropriations process and the need for congressional approval. i'm curious, is this really about the constitution or is this also or more importantly about abortion funding? mr. ryan: it's about the constitution. reporter: i wondered how the phone call went last night. anything more you can -- mr. ryan: it was a productive phone call. we've had these conversations, our staffs have been meeting. we had a very good and very productive phone call. i'll leave it at that. reporter: [inaudible] mr. ryan: we had a very productive phone call. i'll leave it at that. reporter: how will you approach appropriations bills going forward? will you try to push to close the amendment process? would that be the right approach? mr. ryan: what we learned today is that the democrats weren't looking to advance an issue they were looking to sabotage the appropriations process. the fact that the author of the amendment that prevailed, then
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turned around and voted againsts bill won daning his amendment tells us they're trying to stop the appropriations process in its tracks, so what we will have to do when we return is get with our members and figure out how best we can move forward to have a full functioning appropriations process. reporter: this is the second time around the block with this issue. of course it happened a few days ago. yesterday had when you met, you said it's the first time this happened -- [inaudible] -- confusion, chaos. the evidence suggests that that's not true. mr. ryan: at the time -- reporter: [inaudible] -- mr. ryan: during milcon there was. there was a lot of confusion. now people understood what it was. we brought this up, we let the place work its will. and we let congress work its will. and then the people who brought this amendment forward voted against the bill containing their amendment which tells us this was about sabotaging appropriations. reporter: now that the republicans know what it is even more -- [inaudible] mr. ryan: people didn't know what was happening then. they had a much clearer
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understanding of what it is now. remember, the authors of the bill voted against the bill containing their amendment that had prevailed. this was about sabotaging appropriations. eporter: [inaudible] mr. ryan: what i'm most concerned about is making sure that we actually have real party unity. not pretend party unity. real party unity. because we need to win this election in the fall. there's too much at stake. the supreme court on and on and on i could go. the point is, i want real party unity and that's what i'm most concerned about. reporter: is it really fair for to you blame democrats when publicans -- [inaudible] mr. ryan: couple of those voted -- then why did they pass by voice vote? some of these things you mentioned passed by voice vote with no one objecting to them.
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go ahead. ladies first. reporter: [inaudible] mr. ryan: i voted for it deaked ago. my position has not changed. so we've had this on the books in wisconsin since 1982. put in by a republican governor. so my view has not changed on this. reporter: in terms of the future of appropriations, you still intends to rerun this bill, move other bills? what happens -- [inaudible] mr. ryan: obviously we want to pass individual bills, we think that's the best interest of just the constitution of congress, of -- institution of congress, of exercising the power of the purse. when we come back, we'll sit down with our members and have a family discussion about how best to proceed so that the appropriations process cannot be sabotaged and detailed -- detailed -- derailed. >> last question. eporter: [inaudible]
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mr. ryan: i don't think that's the case. i don't think the timeline is the case. number one. number two, we just voted to go to conference on it. so not only had our appropriators been talking preconference, now we've just sent them into an official conference so they can get to work on this problem. and there's money in the pipeline that's already going out the door right now. that's the other point that needs to be made. thanks. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016]
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host: lgbt amendment helps sink the spending bill. a top story on on today's house floor action. kelly tells us more about this amendment and why the bill was defeated. why was it after three days of work on the house floor that this bill went down? guest: so i think it really all comes down to what happened late last night on the house floor. there were three lgbt amendments at issue. representative sean patrick maloney has committed to continuing to push for his amendment, which he tried to include on the first appropriations bill that came to the house floor, the house military construction v.a. bill. we spoke -- which would provide protections to federal contract workers who are lgbt individuals. now, that amendment fell on military construction bill, he committed to bringing it up on energy and water and he did. now, republicans included a second degree amendment to his,
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but -- that would basically stipulate that certain parts of the constitution would provide some type of an exemption to his amendment, there was a bit of a debate on it on the house floor. ultimately the house agreed to adopt his amendment. but subsequently following the agreement on maloney's amendment there were two other amendments that democrats said were related to lgbt discrimination and that ultimately led to almost all democrats opposing the energy-water bill on the floor. the two amendments, the first one was from representative robert pittinger from north carolina. basically placed a limitation on the federal government to be able to limit funds to north carolina, as your viewers probably understand, north carolina is involved in a state -federal tussle over north carolina's transgender bathroom law. and so republicans passed that amendment, democrats viewed that as a slight against lgbt
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protections. there was another amendment from representative bradley byrne of alabama which appeared to provide a religious freedom exemption to mr. maloney's amendment and so that was also adopted, so with those two amendments adopted, despite the fact that mr. maloney's amendment was adopted, republicans, many of them came out against the bill and democrats. we had 106 republicans only in favor. ost: so, the final tally, 112- 305. that bill went down in the house. what are you hearing now from house appropriations chair hal rogers and other house republican leaders about how the bill's defeat might impact the appropriations process overall? guest: house republican leadership is committed to keeping the appropriations process moving forward. they say that this is not going to stop the process and speaker ryan immediately after the vote
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fell told the press that he's going to have a family discussion with republicans about how to deal with amendments on appropriations bills. he laid the blame on democrats for this bill falling apart. but you have to note that there were 130 republicans who were also against the bill. and so this was a clear example of how disagreement over lgbt provisions, both from democrats and republicans, brought the thing done -- down. but republican leadership does, as i said, remain committed to keep trying to bring appropriations bills to the floor. they may just try to change the way that the amendment process works so that this kind of sudden disagreement over changes to the bill doesn't keep the legislation from going across the finish line. host: the house today also voted to go to conference with the senate on zika funding. through another spending bill. the cq headline says, contentious conference on zika response looms after house
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vote. tell us about the zika funding issue, how that came together in the house this week, and what are the main differences in funding levels for zika between the house and senate? guest: the house going to conference on zika was a little bit unexpected. there was a rules committee meeting called late last night that kind of set the procedure in motion. to get the house to go ahead and go to conference with the senate. but they come -- lawmakers in the senate and the house arrive at very different places in conference. the republicans in the house ve approved a $622 million emergency aid package, actually, it's not emergency, it's just supplemental appropriations offset, which means they have spending cuts elsewhere to pay for the measure. on the senate side, they've got a $1.1 billion emergency package, which means there are no offsets. and so that's a huge difference in spending. additionally, the house has
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included some language in what they're bringing to conference that would lessen permitting requirements for spraying pesticides, which has triggered some objection from democrats in both the house and senate. so there's going to be a lot the lawmakers are going to have to hash out over this memorial day recess. but both parties in both chambers have emphasized they want to get something to the president's desk quickly. i imagine there's going to be a lot of negotiations over the break. host: kelly is an appropriations and budget reporter for cq roll call. thanks very much for being here today. guest: thanks so much. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016]
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as of now the libertarian party is the only third party that will appear on the ballot in all 50 states in november. live road to the white house coverage on the c-span networks. >> in addition to the graduating classes all over
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his god's planet, i wish you be graduating to a world of peace, light and love, but that's not the case. we all live in a fairytale -- we don't live in a fairytale. but i guess the 1% does. >> this memorial day, watch commencement speeches in their entirety, offering advice and encouragement to the graduating class of 2016. from business leaders like ncta president at pepper dine university, founder of oracle at the university of southern california, and maria conreras, administrator of the small business administration at which thier college. >> you can count on yourself. what makes you special, what distinguishes you from others? in business we call it your unique value proposition. figuring out yours is key. >> politicians, senator jeff sessions at university of alabama in huntsville. senator barbara boxer at the
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university of california-berkeley. and governor mike pence at indiana wesley university. >> to be strong and to be courageous. and to learn to stand for who you are and what you believe. is a way that you've changed here. and will carry into the balance of your life. >> and white house officials, vice president joe biden at the university of notre dame. attorney general loretta lynch at spellman college, and president barack obama at rutgers university. >> is it any wonder that i'm optimistic? throughout our history, a new generation of americans has reached up and bent the arc of history in the direction of more freedom and more opportunity and more justice. and the class of 2016, it is your turn now to shape our nation's destiny as well as your own, so get to work! >> commencement speeches this memorial day at 12:00 eastern on c-span.
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this memorial day weekend, book tv features three days of nonfiction books and authors. and here are some programs to watch for. on saturday at 10:00 p.m. eastern, on afterwords, democracy now host interviews tamara drought. how the new working class will transform america. on sunday at 10:15 a.m. eastern, an interview with chris jackson, publisher and editor in chief of one world. he discusses his professional duties as well as his work with the likes of jay-z, brian stevenson and especially the author of the award winning book "between the world and me." and sunday evening at 10:00 eastern, a book release party for steve hilton and his book, "more human," designing a world where people come first. mr. hilton, a former senior advisor to british prime minister david cameron, and co-founder of crowd pack, argues that we need to redesign our economic and political systems to meet the needs of americans today. and then on monday, memorial
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day, an extra day of book tv. featuring annette gordon reid and peter ornoff on the intellectual life of thomas jefferson. the importance of the 10 commandments. and npr's on the right to die movement. go to for the complete weekend schedule. and now a house hearing examines how airports and airlines are being impacted by t.s.a. screening procedures, including long security lines, missed flights and passengers being stranded at airports. held by a house homeland security subcommittee, this is about 90 minutes. mr. katko: the committee on homeland security, subcommittee
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on transportation security, will come to order. i ask unanimous consent that the gentlewoman from arizona, ms. mcsally, be allowed to sit on the dais and participate in this hearing. without objection, so ordered. the subcommittee is meeting today to better understand the root causes of increased passenger wait times and gain local perspectives on this important issue. i now recognize myself for an opening statement. we are in the midst of a crisis ature airports. american families are planning to enjoy their time off traveling to points near and far. businessmen and women are doing the same, that they do all year round, the added crush of the travel season, leisure season, is causing particular problems. they will arrive at airports around the country only to be confronted with longer and longer lines at many airports, at t.s.a. checkpoints, causing some to return home after missing their flights and stranding others to take up temporary residence at the airport on a cot.
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like we saw in chicago a few weeks ago. unfortunately this is not an isolated incident and this committee continues to receive reports from around the country describing delays at t.s.a. check points in exs of two hours. on good friday, march 25, 600 passengers missed their flights at the charlotte douglas international airport due to an apparent lack of t.s.a. man power and checkpoint inefficiencies. in fact, that airport was nearly forced to affect a ground stoppage, a literal stand still of air traffic, due to delays at the checkpoints. this is wholly unacceptable. and i, along with the american taxpayer, expect the security of america's airports to be streamlined, effective and efficient. this committee has worked tirelessly with t.s.a. to ensure that the man power and technology they need to operate check points at optimum levels is there. while t.s.a. realized there would be an issue and communicated to the american public that increased wait times should be expected at our nation's airports, as we enter
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the high travel seasons, they did not have a clear picture of the resources they would need to tackle this problem and clearly we're not prepared for it. the t.s.a. fiscal year 2017 budget request did not account for any of the crineses in overtime or staffing that they are now requesting to meet their basic screening functions. it wasn't until widespread media reports of passengers on cots, which is completely unacceptable, and excessive wait times that t.s.a. made the decision to request rekale ate assets to combat the issue. i and my colleagues on this committee and ms. mcsally are growing increasingly frustrated that t.s.a. needs constant prodding to affect positive changes at the agency. this committee has passed several piece ofs of bipartisan ledge thration -- pieces of bipartisan legislation that would go a long way of improving checkpoint optmyization, but the senate refuses to ekpe dies passage of these bills, standing on principle or some esoteric theory about how the agency should be run. in short, they're trying to
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polish the brass while the fire bell is ringing. for example, my t.s.a. precheck bill would require t.s.a. to expand and aggressively market the program. thereby increasing the number of trusted travelers into the system. diverting them into preczechoslovakia points and alleviating the stress on the general public check points. however, due to typical washington antics this bill, amongst others, remains stalled. when i came to congress, i made a commitment to my constituents to tackle problems head-on and just get things done. last week the subcommittee convened representatives from airports and airlines from across this country to discuss this wait time crisis and hear directly from them about what they think needs to be done to help. it was a very productive meeting and it gave me faith that the process in congress can and does work sometimes. the message was consistent. t.s.a. needs to collaborate with individual airlines and airport authorities to coordinate sufficient staffing levels on a local basis. i have heard your message and later today i will introduce a checkpoint optmyization and efficiency act of 2016 which
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will require t.s.a. to maximize all of their available resources and give airports and airlines a seat at the table to ensure those resources are being utilized and allocated in the most effective and efficient manner. make no mistake, security is first and foremost. those that wish to do us harm continue to plot against the aviation community and we must be ready to confront them at every turn. but t.s.a. has to find a way to maintain security while fulfilling its duties to keep passengers safely moving through the system. they have the capability to do it. t.s.a. has to be forward leaning and creative to address obstacles as they present themselves. just like all of us do in our daily jobs. to thank our witnesses for taking time out of their busy schedules and making multiple trips on short notice to washington to aid us in solving this problem. i'm lucky, honored and fortunate to have the international airport which i fly in and out of each week as a well-oiled machine that it is compared to the horror stories we heard last week.
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i have one of the witnesses here to thank for that. i would like to thank all of you for being here today and i look forward to hearing your perspective on the best and most effective way forward. with that, i now recognize the ranking member of the subcommittee, the gentleman from new jersey, mr. payne, for his opening statement. and i like those glasses. mr. payne: thank you, mr. chairman. i wore them just for you. mr. katko: go orange. mr. payne: yeah right. i'd also like to thank you for holding this hearing. it is good that we're having this hearing immediately following the full committee hearing with the administrator yesterday. recently wait times have been a major cause of concern within our nation's airports. last week, for example, due to extreme wait times, the transportation security administration re-allocated resources to chicago-mid way international airport and newark liberty airport to
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decrease the length of screening lines. while i'm pleased that t.s.o.'s are being given the opportunity to be converted to full time and the administration has taken steps to address the problem in the interim, we need to find a viable long-term solution to this problem. reallocating or taking one airport's resources and giving it to another will only fix the problem temporarily. for the summer travel period, t.s.a. predicted that nearly 740 million individuals will use commercial aviation to travel, which happens to be the most air travelers this country has ever seen. in contrast, t.s.o.'s who are responsible for screening passengers and baggage a.m. at some of the lowest -- are am -- baggage are at some of the lowest numbers we've seen in years.
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this is due in large part to limited resources. under the former administrator, the agency pivoted to risk-based security, a frame of mind that we focus our resources on individuals who we know are less -- know less about and rightfully so. however, this methodology also came with programs that were not sustainable due to security risks, such as manage inclusion two, which has since ceased. although they are still using a risk-based approach, it does not take away from the fact that the amount of travelers when compared to the number of people traveling is insufficient. last week the transportation security subcommittee held a round table discussion with airports and many important things were discussed.
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there were general agreements o.'s could be used in other roles throughout the screening -- screener model. yesterday we learned t.s.a. agrees and supports the federal security director's -- directors having the flexibility to use b.d.o.'s in different ways. we also heard concern on whether or not federal security directors had enough exibility to operate necessary check points with staffing. the administrator testified yesterday that he believed that they always had such flexibility and that he worked to ensure that they knew that they had this flexibility. now we get to hear more perspectives from stakeholders who are intimately involved with the commercial aviation and airlines and airports themselves. today i look forward to hearing what your experiences throughout this issue have
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been, as well as how you view the steps that are being taken. i would also like to thank president cox from afge for being here to serve as a voice of the work force. t.s.o.'s represent the front line in our efforts to secure the commercial aviation sector. they do an outstanding job screening passengers and their belongings and often unfairly receive the majority of the blame for this issue. their perspective is absolutely vital in this conversation. with that, mr. chairman, i want to thank you and i yield back the balance of my time. mr. katko: thank you, mr. payne. other members of the committee, are reminded that opening statements may be submitted for the record. we're pleased to have a very distinguished panel here to testify before us today on this very important topic. ms. callaghan serves as executive director for syracuse hancock international airport in syracuse, new york.
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ms. allin is president and c.e.o. of the tucson airport in tucson, arizona. ms. beairsto serves as managing deputy commissioner for security in the department of aviation for the city of chicago. ms. philipovitch, senior vice president for customer service at american airlines, and mr. david cox, national president of the american federation of government employees. thank you all for being here today. i now recognize ms. callahan for an opening statement. ms. callahan: [inaudible] security committee. thank you. thank you for inviting us to today's hearing on an issue that requires both immediate attention and long-term sustainable solutions. how to handle growing lines at t.s.a. checkpoints at airports across the country, while maintaining the high standards for passenger and baggage screening we need in order to keep the flying public safe.
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syracuse international airport is a small commercial hub serving two million passengers annually, providing cargo and general aviation services to central new york. it employs hundreds of people and is a vital component of our economy. as an origination and destination airport, we serve 17 direct markets and we are the departure point for one million outbound passengers every year. while syracuse has not experienced the recent increased long security checkpoint times, we are part of a national transportation system that links our passengers to the airports represented here today and working towards a solution as we enter one of the busiest travel seasons in the year is as important to syracuse as it is to my fellow airports. what i hope to offer today, in addition to echoing my fellow airports' concerns, are examples of the steps we have taken to address our issues at home.
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ensuring the security and safety of the flying public, employees and other airport users is the top priority for airports. above all else, we are entrusted by the traveling public to provide safe and secure air transportation. checkpoint wait times that exceed an hour or longer at some of our nation's busiest airports have negative impacts on all elements of the air transportation system. passengers are frustrated, taking their frustrations out on t.s.a., airport and airline employees. the anxiety caused by concern over missing a flight or, even worse, missing that flight creates an environment that is already challenged and difficult. several factors have been identified that have contributed to the checkpoint wait time issues. they include no increase in the number of transportation security officers between fiscal years 2015 and 2016, the high rate of t.s.o. attrition, followed by the lengthy process to hire new t.s.o.'s. record growth in passenger traffic, and lagging numbers in precheck enroll am.
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combined they have create -- enrollment. combined they have created a perfect storm. working together the airports, t.s.a., airlines and industry advocates have identified short and long-term recommendations that focus on key areas, including the need for sufficient t.s.a. staffing, increased precheck enrollment and participation, and the continued need to modernize airport infrastructure. we do not, however, support the imposition of any new passenger fees, rather we believe that the portion of the 9/11 passenger security fees that are currently being used to pay for other government programs should be used to fund t.s.a. let me talk about precheck for just a moment. chairman katko was at the airport last november when we unveiled the t.s.a. enrollment center in syracuse. precheck has proven to be very sioux successful at our airports. currently almost 40% of the flying public is enrolled in precheck. while bebelieve that this is the result of having an enrollment center in the terminal, our efforts to educate the public on the
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benefits of precheck have been very important. and while seemingly insignificant, the airport's role in incentivizing people to enroll in precheck by giving them free parking has resulted in the increased numbers of people enrolling. and while not all airports are in a position to offer incentives, we've found that it has encouraged enough people to come out and spend an hour and enroll in precheck. i would be remiss if i did not bring up the need to modernize airport infrastructure. we have spent time and money improving our airport, consolidating our checkpoint into one central checkpoint, to introduce efficiencies at every level. a central check point was designed to bring the physical screening of passengers and baggage in alignment, it improved passenger and baggage screening at several levels, it allowed for the introduction of new screening equipment,
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consolidated t.s.a. resources into one, and it has allowed us to implement new security requirements such as the screening of all concession employees. we've also been on the cutting edge of security by installing automated exit portals. these automated exit portals allow passengers and employees to exit the concourses safely and securely without preventing re-entry. it also eliminates the need to staff the exit lanes, thus saving the airport money and reducing the human error element. let me stress that this project would not have been possible without the use of the airport's passenger facility charges. the place -- to place the blame solely on t.s.a. is unfair. and not a solution to the problem. rather, we must work together to address the major underlying issues before you today. in closing, i would like to offer my gratitude to chairman katko and to the other members of the subcommittee for taking the time to listen to our
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concerns. thank you for inviting us and for your continued commitment to the safety and security of airports and the people who use them every day. mr. katko: thank you. syracuse is indeed very fortunate to have you at the helm at the airport. and i can tell from you personal experience that it's a generally very pleasurable experience. the only thing that's difficult is when when you're trying to get a flight to kennedy and it always seems to be delayed. other than that, i really appreciate your efforts and your forward thinking on getting a kiosk at the airport, you're forward thinking by giving free parking to t.s.a. is like a marketing thing, thinking outside the box, that's all good stuff. thank you very much. i'd like to ms. mcsally introduce her friend from the tucson airport. ms. mcsally: thank you. i want to say i really appreciate you being my wingman on this issue and many issues. i'm also grateful for you inviting ms. allin to testify this morning. bonnie is the president and c.e.o. of the tucson airport authority, responsible for promoting aviation services and
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related economic development for southern arizona. including operations and maintenance of the tucson international airport and ryan air field, where she has firsthand experience on the challenges related to t.s.a. staffing. bonnie began her career in aviation in 1976 with the tucson airport authority, then moved to texas where she worked for corpus christi international, ending her tenure as director of aviation. she holds the designation of accredited airport executive and is the past chairman of the international association of airport executives. glad to have her with us today and yield back. ms. allin: thank you, representative mcsally, for the introduction. good morning, chairman katko, ranking member payne, honorable members of the committee. representative mcsally. it is a privilege to appear before you this morning to discuss tucson's challenges with passenger screening wait times. mr. chairman and members, thank you for your leadership on airport security and the -- security and the protection of our passengers.
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representative mcsally, thank you for your leadership and protecting tucson international airport in southern arizona. i was fortunate to participate in last week's round table, which you menged, mr. chairman, -- mentioned, mr. chairman, and the discussion, and truly appreciative of the time and attention you're devoting to understanding the causes of checkpoint processing delays and your efforts to seek both short and long-term solutions. saferte and security of our people, property and aircraft are the highest priority. for those of you unfamiliar with tucson international airport, we are an origination and destination airport. therefore less than 5% of our passengers connect through, instead all are screened by local t.s.a. historical wait times average 10 to 15 minutes with our peak times rarely exceeding 20, 25 minutes maximum, even when we had passenger levels 5% higher than we do today -- 25% higher than we do today.
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tucson's high season, as opposed to many other airports, is november through march, with a very strong peak season mid january through march. mr. katko: i have to interject. i can assure you, that's not the high season in syracuse. [laughter] that's the high season for snow. sorry to interpret you. i couldn't -- interrupt you. i couldn't resist. ms. allin: we'd love to have you visit tucson in february, sir. this year, our visitors, many visitors from the northern part of the country, and our tucson customers, experienced wait times 45 and sometimes in excess of 60 minutes. there's an exhibit to my written testimony with a photo of the passengers lined up all across the front of our terminal. we have a very dedicated and loyal t.s.a. staff who are committed to the safety, along with the efficient screening of our passengers. unfortunately they lack the planning, coordination and staffing resources needed to be able to efficiently process the
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passengers and our peak -- our peak times. in may of -- in our peak times. in may of 2015 tucson t.s.a. lost between 10% and 13% of the work force. it was a full year before replacements were trained and released to fully screen and have their duties. combined with increased passenger levels, adding a.i.t. equipment and having limited authority due to inflexible staffing and processing models prescribed to them, they did not allow them to respond to the changing conditions and as a result we experienced very long lines. i respectfully offer some recommended solutions for your consideration. it's recommended that the local t.s.a. have the ability to openly communicate with their airport and airline partners in order to better plan and allocate their resources. that flexibility, autonomy and authority be delegated to local t.s.a. within parameters to adjust for changing conditions,
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especially spoke airports such as tucson. that regular and consistent staffing at precheck lines be allocated so that they can be opened. tucson's two checkpoints combined are precheck lanes are open less than five hours a day. usually between 3:00 and 4:00. the staffing allocation model be updated, it is inflexible and doesn't allow for changing conditions. that better utilization of existing resources and personnel be made, especially behavioral detection officers. that effective outreach and marketing of precheck and global entry, as we are close to the border, and it's a very high use there, be done to increase enrollment. that development of technology to help provide solutions be given a priority. and that optmyization of check points be customized to best fit each airport and the information shared. airports are willing to invest in effective solutions.
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tucson will begin a $10 million-plus project in june to relocate and expand our check points to improve through put. if they're not properly equipped and staffed, all of that resources will be lost. mr. chairman and members, while none of these recommends alone are a perfect fix, by stake horders working together, we -- stakeholders working together, we have the opportunity to enhance the safety of our aviation system. we commend you on the proposed legislation, checkpoint optmyization and efficiency act of 2016. if enacted it will go a very long way towards providing solutions to the checkpoint wait issues. mr. katko: thank you for your testimony. it's interesting to juxtapose your experience at your airport with what we experience in syracuse. it seems like the larger the airport, the more acute the problems. now we're going to talk to ms.
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beairsto about that. i appreciate your testimony today. you have five minutes. thank you. ms. beairsto: thank you, chairman katko, ranking member payne, and members of the subcommittee, for inviting me to testify today on this important issue, providing efficient and -- efficient and safe passenger screening at our airports. my name is lydia beairsto. i serve as deputy commissioner for public safety and security for chicago department of aviation, overseaing -- overseeing the airports. chicago manages two of the nation's busiest airports, o'hare and midway, and is the only single city system that serves as a hub for three major airlines, united, american and southwest airlines. in 2015, 98 million passengers passed through our airports combined. in 2016 and beyond, those numbers are projected to grow. our airports serve as an economic engine contributing
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$45 billion in annual economic activity, creating $5 -- 540,000 jobs. we are a major part of the air ecosystem, when o'hare sneezes, the rest of the country catches a cold. passenger safety and security is our top priority and certainly mine. in march, suicide bombings at brussels airport killed 16 people in the airport check-in areas and 16 others in the city metro station. long security lines, large crowds at -- of passengers in queues are not just an inconvenience, they themselves expose vulnerability and security risk. by more efficiently moving passengers into the screened and secure areas, we are increasing safety and security. this year there has been a 7% growth in passenger activity while t.s.a. staffing levels declined nearly 17%. airports and airlines began raising concerns about security staffing for the summer travel season as early as last summer. by early may of this year, as our peak travel season started,
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we started experiencing a total breakdown. passenger wait times were consistently 60 minutes or more. airline passengers have reported wait times as high as 120 minutes. with thousands of passengers missing their flights. the delays we experienced were knowable and preventable. staff resources went down as security operating procedures changed. moving forward to address these issues, t.s.a. resources are needed to increase and meet passengers demand. t.s.a. needs to manage existing resources better, they need flexibility, t.s.a. needs flexibility and local authority to respond to situations on the ground. may 13, a traveler at midway airport posted a youtube video documenting significant checkpoint lines. six out of 17 lanes were staffed by t.s.a. at o'hare the situation reached crisis point on sunday, may 15, where without adequate staffing
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american airlines reported 543 passengers were impacted by long lines. united airlines experienced 37 flight delays and rebooked over 4,300 passengers, many of which, as you noted, stayed overnight at the airport sleeping on cots. mayor rahm emanuel worked with key officials from d.h.s., t.s.a. and members of chicago's congressional delegation to secure immediate resources for the city. t.s.a. sent in optimization teams, they committed to add 58 officers to o'hare. converted over 160 part timers to a full-time duty, increased overtime, and provided eight additional k-9 teams to o'hare from around the country. we greatly appreciate administrator's responsiveness and that resources arrived so quickly for o'hare. we are working to ensure similar prompt responses to the needs and concerns at midway
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airport. this response was possible because congress approved t.s.a.'s reprogramming request and we are grateful to you for taking that quick action. to ensure transparency, we will be releasing a biweekly scorecard showing average and maximum wait times, staffing and resource levels provided by t.s.a.. in the short term, in order to manage the spring and summer travel season ahead, there are a few critical resources and management steps that we need to ensure are happening. reallocate passenger screening k-9 teams based on the aviation system priorities. ensure t.s.a. is transparent about its staffing allocation models and levels. information transparency helps us better predict potential staffing strategies. provide federal security directors the ability to make local decisions about man power, allocation and overtime.
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ensure check points are open on time or risk playing catchup all day. streamline t.s.a. precheck enrollment process. and in the long term, we need to be looking at ramping up resources, including passenger screening k-9's, to prepare for future growth, we need to start now as training k-9's can take approximately up to eight months. we need to invest in our security infrastructure and checkpoint expansion projects, and invest in technology solutions that enhance security and achieve operational efficiencies. thank you for the opportunity to discuss these important and timely issues with you today. we are eager to work with you and secure needed resources to address short-term and long-term airport security challenges. mr. katko: thank you. much of what you described toward the end of your testimony is embodied in the bill we're going to be presenting today to congress. the borne out of our discussions with some of the folks in the audience today, last week, and some of you, and appreciate that.
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it's important. one side thing you said that ught me was the opening -- being -- opening the gates on time. i understand, perhaps you can all comment on this later, sometimes they open the gate about 5:30 in the morning but they don't start screening passengers for a while because they have to calibrate the machines and stuff. once the backup starts, it can't catch up. that's just poor planning. there's much more to talk about with all of you. thank you very much. i now recognize the gentlewoman from for her testimony -- the gentlewoman for her testimony. mr. philipovitch: good morning. i'm the senior vice president of customer experience at american airlines, testifying on behalf of airlines for america. thank you for inviting me here today to discuss the impact t.s.a. security lines is having on our customers. there's nothing more important to the airline industry than the safety and security of our
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passengers and employees and cargo. we have never seen t.s.a. wait times that affect airlines and passengers throughout the united states like we've seen in recent months. without immediate leadership and innovation, the 231 million americans that will board a plane this summer will be frustrated and angry. we are working collaboratively with the t.s.a. to develop and implement solutions to the pressing problem of excessive wait times. last year programs that had been in place to drive efficiency and increase security were eliminated without adding resources required to support longer passenger processing times. the result is screening processes that's causing unacceptably long security lines and a frustrated flying public. our discussions with t.s.a. revealed three other contributing factors. first, it appears t.s.a. did not adjust its staffing model after screening protocols were changed. second, t.s.a. is experiencing be a normally high attrition and is unable to retain transportation security officers or t.s.o.'s.
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third, the t.s.a. precheck program, which allows low-risk passengers to go through not met screening has enrollment goals. all of these factors combined cause a systemic slowdown in passenger procession at security check points resulting in delays and missed flights. more than 70,000 american airlines customers have missed flights due to excessive wait times. the same challenges that the passenger check points bog down screening of checked baggage, which is also a poor t.s.a. function -- core t.s.a. function. this year alone over 40,000 checked bags were delayed in t.s.a. screening and did not travel on their scheduled flights. to say customers are agitated is putting it mildly. and the public outcry has resonated. congress recently reallocated $34 million in funding to the t.s.a. to hire more t.s.o.'s by june 15. we are also glad to see that t.s.a.'s working to shift k-9 teams to airports experiencing the worst delays, rebalancing staffing and hiring more t.s.o.'s. however, t.s.a. needs to do
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more and more collaboration is needed to minimize the impact on summer travelers, airports, airline employees, and the overall economy. airlines are pitching in to do our part. we are committing millions of dollars to fund nonsecurity functions like bin running and queue management so t.s.a.'s can focus solely on screening customers. at american this summer, we are adding an additional $4 million on top of the $17 million already planned to spend this year to facilitate passengers through t.s.a. checkpoints at our largest airports. airlines have advised customers to arrive at the airport two hours in advance of a domestic flight and three hours prior to an international departure to ensure sufficient time to clear security. this added time in the travel process is inconvenient and will likely affect less frequent travelers who are not familiar with in the screening process. we are launching aggressive campaigns to promote t.s.a. precheck to our cust mergs and employees -- customers and employees. as precheck enrollment increases, however, t.s.a. must commit to keep precheck lanes
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open and sufficiently staffed throughout the day, especially during peak travel times. the industry is also exploring ways to facilitate support for additional k-9 teams, including whether t.s.a. can use certified k-9's from other governmental agencies to conduct passenger screening. when k-9 teams are deployed, t.s.a. kin crease passengers going through t.s.a. precheck. we as an industry are doing our part to help t.s.a. manage hrough this challenge. airline actions alone cannot solve the problem. we need partner in t.s.a. that will consider innovative ideas to mitigate wait times immediately and in the long run. in the short term, to augment resources, t.s.a. could declare an all hands on deck for the summer, much like we do at our airports during peak and irregular operations. all available staff should be assigned to help at passenger screening check points. t.s.a. resources should be prioritized based on airports with the most need and projected tral traffic volumes. t.s.a. could look at ways to
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spur enrollment in t.s.a. precheck by streamlining the enrollment process. to ensure that enrollment resources don't become a new bottle neck, t.s.a. should expedite its selection of third party enrollment providers. we also support the idea to give federal security directors the ability to cooperate with their airline partners to make local decisions about man power resource allocation, without having to consult t.s.a. headquarters. all parties need the work collaborate -- need to work collaboratively to manage through the summer. full transparency to staffing models and performance data is required to engage all stakeholders in trouble shooting issues. we can't be a part of the solution if we don't have all the facts. to that point, we applaud t.s.a. for its decision this week to stand up a national command center and institute daily stakeholder calls to better prepare for each day's challenges. in the long run, t.s.a. could review current security protocols to ensure there are no unnecessary procedures. as part of this review, t.s.a. should consider additional methods for increasing risk-based screening, some of which were discontinued this
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year. airlines and airports are eager to work with t.s.a. to expedite next generation screening technology, including innovation lanes. finally, t.s.a. must create a position that reports to the administrator to advocate for customers within the t.s.a., much as airlines and many airports have executives dedicated to improving customer experience. these are just a few ideas that american airlines believe can help reduce the congestion and security -- in security screening. of course, congress can help by ensuring administrator and his team have the tools and resources needed to improve screening, including ensuring that the passengers' security fee collected for t.s.a. goes to t.s.a. ultimately, the t.s.a. screening issue was not created overnight and will not be solved overnight. however, we must work together to offer ideas and resources to t.s.a., whiled a the -- while the administrator does their job. thank you for the opportunity to testify today and i would be happy to answer any questions
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you might have. mr. katko: thank you. i appreciate your testimony. we'll have several follow-up questions for all of you, of course. i now recognize david cox, national president of american federation of government employees for his testimony. mr. cox: thank you, mr. chairman. representative payne. members of the committee. i am proud to testify today on behalf of the 42,000 transportation security officers, t.s.o.'s, that afge represents, that stand on the side of the safety of the flying american public. t.s.o.'s point to four issues that have conspired to produce the acute situation at airports we see today. one, the size of the t.s.o. work force did not keep pace with passenger volume. two, t.s.a.'s budget was deprivinged of much-needed funding by the decision of congress to divert a portion of the security fee to deficit reduction. three, the focus on the patchwork of airline, airport
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and contract employees shifted focus away from the t.s.o. work force that is present and future of aviation security, and, four, t.s.o.'s are subject to second class treatment that hurts the morale of t.s.o.'s who stay on the job and causes too many experienced screeners to leave t.s.a. as passenger volume has increased 15% between 2013 and 2016, t.s.a. lost almost 5,000 screeners and fell to -- tailed to replace them. t.s.a. -- failed to replace them. t.s.a.'s hiring was focused on parttime workers who have a much higher attrition rate than full-time t.s.o.'s. the staffing model depended on precheck enrollments that never happened. congress cut the budget for t.s.a. personnel and imposed arbitrary caps on the number of full-time screeners. staffing shortages are obvious to the public because they
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experience long lines. least obvious are the affect of short ands on the t.s.o. work force. missed trainers, -- trainings, meals and rest breaks, missed meal rotations that are necessary to keep your focus, canceled days off and months of mandatory overtime resulting in very tired and eradic scheduling. this is no way to run airport security. afge advocates an increase of 6,000 additional full-time t.s.o.'s to the work force. the figure represents the decrease in the size of t.s.a. work force since 2011 as passenger volume has grown 15%. afge also calls on congress to end the arbitrary and severe cap on full-time t.s.o.'s. when congress voted to divert 60 cents of the $5.60 security
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ee per plainment to the -- planement to the treasury rather than the t.s.a., it deprived the agency of $1.25 billion, that's billion with a b, each year, it is time for congress to dedicate the proceeds of the security fee to t.s.a. to be used for its intended purpose. introducing airline and airport employees and private contract employees into the framework of checkpoint security is at best a temporary bandage. years of on-the-job experience and commitment to the public are the services that are lost when the t.s.o. work force is replaced with airport and airline employees. airport authorities should be aware that they are not going to get more screeners under the screening partnership program and that there are long checkpoint waits at airports with


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